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THE SUNDAY STAR ’ Washington, D. C. I SUNDAY. NOVEMBER M>. lO.Vi Atrocities in Korea To Be Described in Hearings This Week By j. A. O'Leary The grim story of atrocities Inflicted on Americans in Korea will be unfolded this week before a Senate subcommittee headed by Senator Potter, Republican, of Michigan. The Senate hearings will coin cide with debate on the atrocity Issue in the U. N. General As- j sembly starting tomorrow. Sen- I ator Potter is expected to an nounce tomorrow the day on which his hearings will open. In the atrocity investigation, Senator Potter is a one-man task force for the investigations subcommittee, headed by Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wis consin. In his television speech last week Senator McCarthy sharply i criticized the Eisenhower admin istration's handling of the Ko rean situation, saying it had failed to win the release of 900 American prisoners still unac counted for in the prisoner ex change. Senator McCarthy ad vocated withholding Americans aid from any country trading with Red China, as a means of i forcing release of any Americans still held Working With White House. Senator Potter made it clear yesterday, however, that in pre paring for these atrocity hear ings he has been working closely with the White House and Am bassador Lodge at the United Nations. The Michigan Senator ri d not commit himself to the McCar thy suggestion for tiying to force the release of the missing serv icemen by an indirect economic j blockade. “I think w-e should do every thing possible to get tnese men out,” said Senator Potter, "but I as to the methods, I am not ready to say.” He said he is ‘‘going to hit the angle of trying to find out where these men are.” and said he as sumed American negotiators in Korea are trying to find out all they can about the missing Americans, mostly airmen. About 600 Unaccounted for. Defense officials indicated re cently they believe the number of Americans still unaccounted for and thought to be still alive is closer to 600 than 900. The 37-year-old Michigan Sen ator is the youngest man on the Republican side of the Senate, and is himself a legless veteran of World War 11. ‘‘lt won’t be pleasant,” Senator Potter said of the atrocity hear-: ings, “but I think the American people should know the type of enemy they have been fighting.” The Senator said the hearings will last about three days, and will be opened to radio and tele vision, if permission is sought to put them on the air. Senator Potter charged that j “these inhuman and barbaric j acts committed against Ameri can and allied troops by the Communists in Korea constitute one of the most ruthless and bloody chapters in the history of civilization.” To Back Stand in U. N. He added: “Every mother, wife and sweetheart with a man in the service—every relative of the 900 Americans still missing in action—every kin of the 6.113 Americans who were probably slain or tortured in Korea—in deed, every citizen of America and the free world must be told of these horrible crimes if we are to know the true fanatical character of our Communist enemy.” Senator Potter said one of the purposes of this week's hearings will be to “strengthen the hand of our U. N. Ambassador and the ambassadors of all the free nations in an effort to get at the bottom of these savage acts.” Witnesses will include eye-wit nesses and survivors of atrocity cases, as well as officials qualified to give the overall picture. Sen ator Potter returned yesterday from Hawaii and California, where he interviewed returning prisoners. The Weather Here and Over the Nation District and vicinity—Mostly sunny and rather cold, with high near 44 today. Low tonight about 30. Tomorrow, consider able cloudiness with little change in temperature. Maryland and Virginia—Mostly sunny and continued cold, with high 40 to 48 today. Not so cold in western areas tonight. To morrow. considerable cloudiness. US WfATHf* IUDFAU MAP h An '! 4 Department as Commorea S2 m“t s High Tgmpgraturas and A root ) \ of Precipitation Ex p« clad Sunday S°Yg 4° 40 x \ \ Tamparatura Figure* Shaw TiYvV *’I inl Avorogo far Area Y-fxi \ // Weather Cendrtieni eneeeea \/70 7qO Nov 28. 1953 High. - and lows in Inchat Snow iunvies arc predicted troni the Great Lakes region and Upper Mississippi Valiev, although southern Lakes region may experience rain or rain and snow mixed. Showers are slated for Northern Rockies and snow over higher elevations of Central Rockies. Rain is in store for coasts of North Pacific States. It will continue cold in Northeast and a warmer trend U due for Tennessee Valley and South Atlantic States. | —AP Wirephoto Map. A a I jjjj ji i sy- v v # #<■ pj|pp'' flHßpyyF IpRH - \ MONKEY BUSINESS—Jack Welty tries to make pals with a monkey he bought at the auction. —Star Staff Photo by John Horan. Atrocities (Continued From First Page.) out to them, but didn’t,” Gifford said in his affidavit. “What do you mean ‘put your hand out?”’ he was asked. “Well, I mean shake hands with them and things like that,” he replied. “They seemed to want you to walk over and shake hands, but we didn’t do it. They usually came out and shook your hand.” The United States charged during U. N. debate on germ warfare allegations that Russian soldiers master-minded interro gations of American personnel. Pfc. Gifford survived the mas sacre of prisoners outside a tunnel while the Reds were flee ing north before the Americans in 1950. He said the prisoners were taken from a train which had stopped in the tunnel be cause of Allied air raids and were told they would be fed. He said he was sitting in a trench when someone yelled “They’re shoot ing at us.” He jumped down down with a bunch of other soldiers and was hit three times, but was not badly wounded. He played dead when the Reds came along and hit him with a rifle butt to see if lie haff been killed. There was 68 bodies found in that trench. He said he did what he could to help other survivors and then fled the trench with four men. Later they saw two North Ko rean officers coming toward them. . . . “Started Praying.” “We just laid down and started praying, the four of us, without making a sound,” Pfc. Gifford said. “I didn't look up or do anything because my back was facing them, but they didn’t see us.” Other survivors of the tunnel massacre who told their stories in the report filed here were Pvt. Roy G. Sutterfleld, Cameron, W. Va.; Pfc. Vlador W. John, Milwaukee. Wis., and Pvt. John Ervin Martin, Ferndale, Mich. Another case was the north ward death march from Seoul to Pyongyang. This began Sep tember 26, 1950, and ended Oc tober 10, 1950. It began with 376 men and ended with 296. Lt. Alexander G. Makarounis, Lowell, Mass., told of men black ening out from sheer exhaustion and prisoners being shot as they lagged behind. Pvt. Walter R. Whitcomb. Buffalo, N. Y., cor roborated Lt. Makarounis’ state ment. 41 Slain in Ravine. The first case listed in the re port said 41 American soldiers were slain in a ravine as they stood bound together. A North Korean prisoner of war who was a member of the contingent that little change in temperature, with rain or snow possible in the mountains. Wind—North and northwest. 5-8 miles per hour. River Report. (From U S Engineers.i Potomac River cloudy at Harpers Ferry and cloudy at Great Falls; Shenan doah cloudy at Harpers Ferry. Humidity (Readings Washington National Airport ! Yesterday— Pet 4 p.m. 68 Noon 67 8 p m 64 lulled those prisoners quoted the commanding officer as say ing they had to kill them because there were not enough men to guard them. The next case reported that Taejon, Korea, became the scene of mass murded in which 1,000 to 5,000 South Korean soldiers and civilians and 42 American soldiers were killed. ’’Many women were among the victims and in some instances with infants on their backs,” the report said. “Some of the pris oners appeared to have been tor tured and beaten before they were killed. “At the Roman Catholic Church, hundreds of bodies were found in the basement and in the churchyard. Six shallow trenches, each approximately 30 feet in length, revealed the bodies of victims. The church had previously been used by the North Koreans as an interroga tion center for questioning civil ians.” Stole Captiaes’ Clothes. Sergt. Carey H. Weinel of Hickman Mills, Mo., said that while he was held in the police station in Taejon, North Koreans would come in and beat up the prisoners and take their clothing. “They seemed to get great joy j out of letting us know they had the upper hand; that they were kingpins: that they were the boss and anything they could do to show us that . . . was right up their alley,” Sergt. Weinel said. He told of being taken out, with a group to be shot. He j fell with his group and later North Koreans put dirt over him. He said they did not put too much and he was able to breathe through the rocks and dirt. He played dead, but they j shot at him again, hitting his i hand. Later he was aided by : South Koreans and made his way to safety. Asked how the prisoners were treated, he said: “We was, more or less, a three ring circus for the North Ko rean soldiers." 280 Die in Flames. Another case involved the ; burning on September 27, 1950. , of the jail and registrar of courts ! building at Sochon, Korea, just before the North Koreans with drew. The South Koreans said 280 died in that burning and one man reported he could hear them yelling, “Republic of Korea I victory” as the flames rose. In a report of atrocities in the ( prisoner -of - war camps, the United States quoted a prisoner !as saying Chinese nurses gave j injections to men and they died I immediately after receiving them The nature of the solu tion was not identified. The prisoner said food was bad and men were forced to eat grass and bark off of trees. Other men were forced to stand outside in Record Trmpcraturcs This Year. Highest. 100, on Aug. .31 and Sept. 2. Lowest, 22. on March 2. High and Low of Last 28 Hours. High. 41. at 2:40 p.m. Low. 34, at 4:40 a m. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) ... , Today. Tomorrow High i 1:57 a.m. 2:52 a.m. ! J;?® 0:03 am. 0:54 a.m. High 2:37 am. 3:30 pm. Low 0:33 pm. 10:27 p m The Sun and Moon. „ . , Rises Seta Sun, today __ 7:05 am. 4-47 p.m. Sun, tomorrow 7:o7am. 4:46pm- Moon, todav 12:35 a m 12:50 p.m Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation. Mor.thlv precipitation in inches In the Capital (current trmnth to date)’ Month 1053 4v« Record tamiarv _ _ 4.1.1 3.30 103 37 February 2.35 3.00 654 84 March' 743 305 SB4 tit Anril 477 3.30 0.13 ’SO 'lay inoo 3.-] in 00 ’Mr T une 208 307 10 04 ’0 > luly 257 440 10 03 ’SO Aueust 348 4.35 14 41 '"8 September 407 3 flo 17 45 '34 i October 3.73 2.01 881 ’37 | November 150 2.71 718 ’77 December 3.09 7.56 'Ol Temperatnres in Various Cities. H. L. H. L. Abilene 58 40 Knoxville 45 20 Albany 40 29 Little Rock 47 3“’ Albuquerque 00 38 Los Angeles 82 59 Anchorage 28 10 Louisville 38 23 Atlanta 50 27 Memphis 45 27 Baltimore 41 30 Miami 7" 55 Billings 45 30 Milwaukee 33 IS Birmingham 51 75 Minneapolis ”7 18 Bismarck 42 27 Monteomerv r>7 32 Boise 53 34 New Orleans 5.8 52 Boston 40 38 New York 44 3" Buffalo 37 20 Norfolk 40 .30 Burlington .35 32 Oklahoma C. 53 3,8 Charleston 50 43 Omaha 51 20 Charlotte 5« 31 Philadelphia 4 1 33 Cheyenne 50 30 Phoenix 70 4.3 C'hicaeo 38 18 Pit-sburah 35 20 Cincinnati 30 ”2 P'rtand. Me. 42 33 Cleveland 30 28 P tlar.d. Or. is 39 Columbus 32 21 Raleigh 48 32 Dallas S 3 48 Reno ~ 60 to Denver 5.8 41 Richmond 44 29 Des Moines 4n is St. Louts 40 20 Detroit 35 27 Salt Lake C. 58 .31 Duluth 22 8 San Antonio 75 59 Fort Worth 54 44 San Diego 7-3 55 i Houston 05 50 g Francisco 59 47 Huron 34 20 Savannah 58 36 Indianapolis 33 19 Seattle 46 .39 Jackson 59 35 Tampa 74 54 Kansas City 48 77 Washington 41 34 i Key West 74 62 Wichita 64 33 > i freezing weather until they were exhausted. Captain Tells of Shooting. Capt. John H. Brewer, Okla homa City, Okla., told of the shooting of six American pris oners in a group held in a Ko rean house near Naedae October 13. 1950. Capt. Brewer had gone with a driver to pick up supplies and had been ambushed with other Americans. As the U. N. forces came closer, the North Koreans decided they had to flee. They fired on the prisoners in the house as they left. Brewer said he fell flat when the firing began. One bullet hit one of his legs. Then a number of rounds hit the concrete wall just above his face, knocking concrete down on him. “He lay in the same position all night and then made his way back to his outfit. Another of the five Americans who survived that shooting was Corpl. Frederick C. Herrmann of Brooklyn, N. Y. He also fell quickly when the firing began. Communist Chinese were re ported to have killed three Brit ish and five Belgian soldiers April 23, 1951. Two of the British were shot in the back of the head and one Belgian was shot or bayoneted in the back. All the bodies indicated death was caused by small arms fire. The report said the Chinese be came frightened when American fighter planes began dropping napalm bombs. Forced Out in Cold. Corpl. Dorland F. Guinter (ad dress not r given) was a prisoner of war in a camp at Pyoktong. He said seven copies of a maga zines called “People's China” were distributed to the group in his room and later the Chinese wanted them back. Only two were returned. “The remaining books were either thrown away or retained for latrine paper,” Corpl. Guin ter reported. “About thirty min utes later two Chinese . . . came PLEASE DON'T CONFUSE AYRE'S The firm, Edward E. Ayre, has been in the jewelry business for 21 years at the Mayflower Hotel. Edward E. Ayre is not going out of business, in fact, is just completing the best year in history. Edward E. Ayre is not con nected with any other firm by a similar name. Edward E. Ayre is, in fact, experiencing the best year yet, including the early Christmas demand. Folks say that's because of the in comparable values in fine jewelry available at Edward E. Ayre. May we show you some before Christmas? Edward E. Ayre, Inc. Mayflower Hotel NA. 8-2122 ■ Prire Includes regular rimless #r metal W 4% frames. Patented and plastic styles at 88 f ■ moderate additional cast. Krvptok Bifo- ff&fc fflm M cals 62.50 extra. Ill: K U Price includes examination nt cither iW store. ■ Mr V J -hour srrrlre on f|| ™ new glosses MB A Boonsboro Zoo Is No More; t). C. Owner Auctions It Off By Richard Rodgers Star Staff Correspondent HAGERSTOWN, Md., Nov. 28. —They auctioned off' a farm's livestock today, critters like lions and buffalo and deer and— Yes, that’s right. There were cattle and hogs too, of course, but the spieler also was knocking down cut-rate big cats and the other wild beasties. It marked the end of The Boonsboro Zoo, a homegrown menagerie on the farm of Samuel Rust Edmonds, aged 73, who said he’s getting too old to take care of lions and the-like, and can’t And a hired man who’ll treat them right. Mr. Edmond’s farm Is in Ap pletown, about IS miles south of here. Retired 10 Years Ago, Mr. Edmonds lives in the District, at 2701 Seventeenth street, N.E., when he’s not up countx-y tending his furred friends. > He used to operate a cinder block and stone company in Washington, but retired about 10 years ago to loaf—if that’s the word—on his Washington County Zoo-farm. Today’s sale brought him about $4,300. He said he was satisfied with it, except for the price of the lions. He had two of them—year-old females, big tawny beauts he hoped to get SSOO for. and they brought only $l3O for the pair. Mr. Edmonds balked at that. But the cats were sold, and he accepted the loss with resigna tion. “Cost me about a hundred apiece where they were cubs,” he said. The buyer was F. S. Ambrose, who runs a wild game exhibit near McConnellsville, Md. He was jubilant. “I figure they're each worth $200,” he said. Mr. Edmonds’ wares on the hoof included a brace of Rhesus monkeys, two foxes, a couple of to the room and told us all to fall outside. We were taken to the river bank about 50 yards away. This group consisted of approximately 30 to 35 men. At this time the temperature was below zexo and a strong cold wind was blowing. None of the prisoners was well clothed. “We were made to stand with our hands in the air. If any one moved or lowered his arms, he was struck with a limb from a tree. We remained exposed for approximately four and a half hours. As a result of this ex posure many of the prisoners had frozen limbs. After we returned to our room, no medical aid was given. As a result, approximately half of the men in this group died. When a prisoner was so weak he could not move the Chi nese came and gave the man an injection. About three to 10 minutes after this injeqtion was given, the man died.” U. S. Firm Wins Tax Case SANTIAGO, Chile, Nov. 28 </P). —The Chilean Supreme Court today upheld a ruling that the government must return 5 mil lion pesos ($25,000) in taxes to the Braden Copper Co., a sub sidiary of the Kennecott Copper Corp. The court held the taxes should not have been levied. Most Milk Pasteurized CHICAGO.—More than 90 per cent of the milk sold in cities of 100,000 or more population, is a pasteurized product. coyotes, three deer and a buffalo. All were advertised as tame. Mr. Edmonds demonstrated his veracity by cooing the lions over to his side of their cage and scratching them behind the ears. 1,000 Attend Auction. Someone asked what would happen if the things got loose. “They’d just follow me around,” he said. Os the 1.000 customers who were there for the auction, not one wanted to test whether the host was right. The Buffalo, a bull, brought S2OO. A livestock dealer bought it for advertising purposes. Mrs. Adrian Roland, Clear Spring. Md., paid $l9O for a buck deer and doe to decorate her summer home. C. W. Everitt. Boonesboro. bought the other doe. He belongs to a sportsman's club. He said he was going to turn the deer loose. One monkey was bought by Jack Welty, of Woodpoint, near here, who Intends to make a house pet of it. He already has one monk at home. The foxes are in for pet status, too. One buyer said: “You can train ’em like dogs.” The zoo had been operating about two years. Reader's Guide Sunday, November 29, 1953. SECTION A. General News, Editorial. Lost, Found. A-3 Editorial Features. A-23-27 Editorials. A-24 SECTION B. Classified, Finance. Classified Ads. B-l-18 Science Canendar. B-16 Farm and Garden. B-19 Financial. A-20-21 SECTION C. Sports, Resorts. Sports News. C-l-7 Resorts and Travel. C-8-9 Education. C-9 Obituary. C-14 SECTION D. Society News. D-l-32 Society News. D-l-20 Women’s Clubs. D-8-9 Reader’s Clearing House. D-19 SECTION E. Amusements, Features. Amusements. E-l Recordings. E--2 Music. E-3 Radio-Television. E-4-5 Bridge. E-6 Camera. E-6 Stamps. E-6 Art. E-7 Book Reviews. E-7 This edition also contains This Week Magazine of 40 pages, a 12-page comic section and 64 pages of rotogravure. 1 CHRISTMAS 1 CAROS tdatau + Cordiol, notfnvilous + Chnstion, not pagan •+• Chnstlih#. lor Christmas Each card thoughtfully chosen by an expert from the effirings »f leading nationally advertited linet. Sc. 10c and ISc. Reace. Good-will and acanamy. tool *GALLERY 718 llthNW ME 81323 or ME 8-4707 FREE HOME DEMONSTRATION NO OBLIGATION Call RE. 7-1900 i XMAS SPECIAL i'M ßF3tt| 3 BRAND-NEW 1 MS m£* I HECCHI f | | SEWING MACHINE | j? o Sews Forward and Reverse J* stitch on this one machine a/NEcctn\ ORDER NOW FOR CHRISTMAS » xV ee thg fomous Nacchi and lino Sawing Machine* advertised in thi» month'* ?* war Womon'i Day, McCall's, Goad Housekeeping, Better Homes and Gardang Ladies' Home Journal. fY H ft i A— . . - CALL FIRST THING TOMORROW IM P MS? re - 71900 i FOR FREE HOME ft n / SEWING MACHINE CO. DEMONSTRATION }$ 7>y Open Thursday 9-9, Sat. All Day . . . Open Every Eve. 'til 9 Incl. Sat. 74 Washington's Oldest Independent Sewing Machine Dealer m $ 804 F ST. N.W., RE. 7-1900 • 3213 14th ST. N.W., CO. 5-8660 U l Army Leaders Wan! 22 POWs With Reds Labeled Deserters By John A. Giles The consensus among top Army officers is that the 22 sol diers who were captured in Ko rea and who have refused to re turn should be dropped from the rolls as deserters. But, officials who disclosed this yesterday emphasized that no final decision as to their dis position had been made. The pay and allowances of the 22 prisoners of war is now going to their next of kin and even tually some decision must be made as to this situation. Their i enlistments have expired. Tech nically they are on leave status. Problem Called Unique. “It is a problem we have never : had to face before,” one general : commented. “You can’t court martial them because you haven’t got them. You can’t give ! them orders because, under the truce agreement, you can’t coerce them.” Under the agreement, the In dian Army, which is conducting the prisoner exchange and the talks with captives who have an nounced their intentions not to return to their homeland, can declare the latter civilians. Then, 1 presumably, they would take up residence either in North Korea, Communist China or Russia. But the problem remains with | the Army as to how to dispose of them on service records. Corpl. Edward S. Dickenson of Big Stone Gap. Va., at first an nounced his intention of remain ing with the Reds but later changed his mind and has re turned. After an examination at Walter Reed General Hospital he returned to his home. He now is on 30 days’ leave and the Army has not announced any new assignment for him. An even tougher decision faces the Air Force and Marine Corps in the cases of personnel who gave in to torture and made false confessions for Communist prop agandists. It may be months be fore’ the scrutiny for each case is completed. As yet no overall decision has been reached. Secretary of Defense Wilson has said “every effort to investi gate and establish what hap pened to these men while they were prisoners” would be made. Following this inquiry, Mr. Wil son and his advisers will lay down a principle to be followed by the services in such cases. Air Foi’ce officials expressed the fear the cases of the fliers who were forced to sign confes- ! Important | Correction! V ft In our advertisement on Page V D-3 in today’s Star . . . Nylon ft Tricot Gowns are priced at $8.98 dozen. Naturally, this is a typo graphical error the correct price is $8.95 each. We hope this error will not inconvenience any Star readers. l! 42nd YEAR at 1319 F St. N.W. ft NORTHEAST: 3942 Minnesota Ave. ARLINGTON: 3030 Fairfax Drive Young on Vacation Joseph Young is on vaca tion. The Federal Spotlight column will be resumed on his return on December 8. sions might create a morale problem. Many airmen were reported wondering what would happen to their careers in the service if, in a future war, they were cap tured and were unable to hold out against torture. This is par ticularly true with air crews of the Strategic Air Command which in wartime operates long range bombers deep over enemy territory. Proposals Considered. Pi-oposals being considered in clude : 1. Make it known that air crews are in possession of no information of real military use to the enemy and that any state ments wrung from them would be pure propaganda. 2. Provide them with only the bare, essential information needed for a particularly mission. Keep from them all information relating to future operational or strategic plans or any detailed technical data. 3. Amend the regulation which has its source in the in ternational rules of land war fare—that a prisoner shall give, even under compulsion, only his name, rank and serial number. The theory is that if a man has no information of value, he should not be bound by a rule which can be seized upon as an excuse for torture. NEED A NEW Furnace ? 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