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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 22, 1953, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1953-12-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Weather Forecast
Occasional rain likely tonight, low near 40.
Tomorrow, cloudy, windy and turning
colder. (Pull report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 46 6 a.m 47 T1 am 48
2a m 47 8 a.m 46 Noon 49
4 a.m 47 10 a.m 47 l p.m 52
An Assocloted Press Newspoper
101st Year. No. 356.
Dulles Hints U. S. May Pull
Army Out of Europe's Front
Line if EDC Treaty s Delayed
Entire Strategy
Based on Role of
German Troops
By Garnett D. Horner
Secretary of State Dulles
warned indirectly today that the
United States might have to pull
its troops out of Western Eu
rope’s front line of defense in
Gennany unless the European
Defense Community comes into
being soon.
His warning to France and the
other allies who have delayed
Partial Text of Dulles' Address to
National Press Club. Page A-1]
ratification of the EDC treaty for
18 months was implied in a ma
jor foreign policy speech by Mr.
Dulles at a National Press Club
luncheon.
Secretary Dulles pointed out
that the “forward strategy” for
meeting a possible Soviet inva
sion of Western Europe in Ger
many was adopted more than
three years ago on the assump
tion that German soldiers soon
would be taking part in the com
mon defense.
“If that prospect disappears,”
Mr. Dulles asserted, “then the
basic strategy of NATO will have
to be re-examined."
Cannot Be Principal Defender.
Pointing out that American
soldiers now occupy advanced
positions in West Germany, Mr.
Dulles said flatly:
“It is not acceptable that the
United States should continue in
the role of being a principal de
fender of Germany while the
Germans themselves look on as
mere observers.”
While asserting that Western
European defense plans rest on
a “precarious” foundation until
the EDC project for arming
German soldiers as part of a
six-nation European army is
ratified, Mr. Dulles said he does
not believe the project will fail.
Mr. Dulles made these other
major points:
1. The danger of Russia’s
starting a new war is less now
than It was a year or two ago
because of two things—the
West’s growing power and dis
content behind the Iron Cur
tain resulting from bad living
conditions among the Commu
nist-ruled peoples.
2. There is “good ground for
hope” in the Soviet’s indication
yesterday that it is ready to talk
confidentially about Presideat
Eisenhower’s proposal for pool
ing some atomic materials for
peacetime purposes.
3. The North Atlantic Treaty
Organization defense system
now is on a sustaining basis
which largely reduces the need
for continuing American eco
nomic aid to Western Europe.
Cannot Afford to Relax.
While saying that the danger
of open military aggression from
Russia has decreased, Mr. Dulles
emphasized that it still is so
“immense and persistent” that
the free world cannot afford
to weaken its defenses and abil
ity to strike back.
Then he warned that NATO's
"precarious” foundation with
out EDC “must cause us grave
concern” and devoted the bulk
of his speech to arguments for
prompt ratification of the EDC
treaty.
Mr. Dulles recalled that at the
NATO council meeting in Paris
last month he warned France
and the other EDC countries
that the United States would
have to undertake “an agonizing
reappraisal” of its basic policies
regarding Europe unless they
act favorably on the project
soon.
No "Time to Burn."
Without mentioning the furor
that statement caused, he said
he thought this remark “re
flected a self-evident truth.”
Declaring that “We do not have
time to burn.” Mr. Dulles said
that “Os course, if EDC fails,
we shall do something.”
Without going into detail, he
added:
“But what we then do may be
quite different from what we
had hoped would be possible."
He expressed confidence, nev
ertheless, that the United States
is strong and resourceful enough
“to preserve its vital interests
even in the face of a failure of
the EDC and the European com
munity it symbolizes.
Mr. Dulled pointed out that
the "forward strategy” for de
(See DULLES, Page A-U.)
Star Phone Service
Thursday and Friday
Thursday, Dccambar 2d—Main
•witchboard servica to (ST. 3-5000)
various departments of The Star in
cluding News, Classified Advertising,
Circulation and Business Counter ends
at 9 p.m. Deadline for Sunday Want
Ads also 9 p.m.
Friday, December 25—Classified
Advertising Department closes at 1
p.m. (Only Death Notices accepted.)
Business Counter and Circulation De
partment close at 6 p.m. Main tele
phone switchboard service ends at
9 p.m.
Night service telephone numbers
« follows: News Dept., ST. 3-5071;
Detail Dept., ST. 3-5079.
Phone ST. 3-5000 **
Soviet Reply to Atom Proposal
Gets Cautious U. S. Reception
Dulles Remains Hopeful, But Doubts
Russians Share 'Spirit' of Plan
The United States is hoping
for the best but not expecting
too much from new secret atomic
negotiations with Russia
This was the purport of the
Eisenhower administration’s con-
Text of Russian Note Accepting Bid for
Atomic Talks. Page A-4
Text ol Dulles Statement on Russian
Atomic Acceptance. Page A-4
sidered reaction to Russia’s an
nouncement that she is ready to
talk about President Eisenhower’s
proposal for a “world bank” of
atomic materials for peaceful
purposes.
Secretary of State Dulles
pointed up a crossed-fingers at
titude in a statement last night
expressing this Government’s
views about the Soviet announce
ment yesterday.
He said the Moscow move “is
hopeful,” but quickly added that
“the Soviet Union seems not to
Broadcast to POWs
Will Go On Despite
Their Objections
Americans Staying With
Reds Reject Interviews,
Refuse to Read Letter
■y th* Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, Dec. 22.—The
allies today all but abandoned
hope of talks with
22 Americans who embraced
communism and scheduled last
minute “come home” broad
casts to the prisoners inside
their compound.
Midnight tomorrow marks
the end of the 90-day period
for coaxing home war prisoners.
The Americans will be listed
as absent without leave at that
Dean Urges Patience in Talks With
Reds on Korea Peace. Page A-3
hour. Thirty days later they
will be classed as deserters
General’s Plea Rejected.
Lt. Gen. K. S. Thimayya, In
dian chairman of the neutral
nations Repatriation Commis
sion, visited the Americans this
afternoon and said they turned
down his appeal to attend inter
views. The prisoners also ob
jected to the proposed broadcast,
but it will go on as scheduled. .
The American captives refused
even to look at a 17-page letter
from the U. N. command urging
them to give careful thought to
their “irrevocable” decision to
remain with the communists.
As hope virtually ended for
personal interviews with the 22
Americans, 1 Briton and 77 Ko
reans in the pro-Communist
north camp, Red explainers won
back 23 of 242 Chinese prisoners
in a day of quiet interviews.
Three Broadcasts Planned.
The United Nations Command
announced that it will make
three loudspeaker broadcasts to
prisoners in the north camp—one
for the Americans, one for the
Briton and a third for the North
Koreans.
Texts for the broadcasts were
approved by the Repatriation
Commission and a spokesman
said the commission “will make
the facilities available.”
Late News
Bulletin
2 Jets Ram; I Body Found
NORFOLK (A*)—Two Pan
ther jets from Squadron VF
81 at the Oceana Naval Air
Station collided over Lake
Drummond today and plum
meted to the rround. The
body of one pilot was recov
ered.
Nobody Believes It's a Holdup,
So Bandit Leaves Without Loot
•y th* Associated Press
WARREN. R. 1.. Dec. 22.— A
tall, slim and very frustrated
bandit walked empty-handed
from a case here last night after
no one would take him seriously,
even when fie Jlred two “shots”
at the ceiling.
There were 18 customers and
five employes in the Fore ’n Aft
Cafe*when the bandit walked in,
wearing a yellow and black
bandana over the lower half of
his face and brandishing what
appeared to be a .32-caliber
automatic.
“Gimme the money," he de
manded of no one in particular.
Customers at the bar gave him
a cold stare.
W)t tuning
V X J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \^/
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1953—FORTY-SIX PAGES.
have caught the spirit of the
President’s proposal.”
The White House had no com
ment on the Russian note other
than to say that Mr. Dulles’
statement “was with the ap
proval of the President.”
In his statement last night,
Mr. Dulles emphasized that the
United States will “explore every
possibility of securing agreement
and bringing President Eisen
hower’s historic proposal into
the realm of creative action.”
This will be done through
secret negotiations with Russia
and the other nations “prin
cipally involved” in atomic
matters presumably Great
Britain, Canada, France and
Belgium. Mr. Dulles ruled out
any more “public debate” be
cause, he said, it is clear little
can be achieved that way.
His point was that the Western
powers and the Soviet should
(See ATOMIC. Page A-3.)
11th Ballot in France
Is Delayed for Day
To Try Compromise
Herriot and Auriol
Are Top Possibilities;
Laniel Loses Ground
By th* Associated Pratt
VERSAILLES, France. Dec. 22.
—The badly split French Parlia
ment put off until tomorrow its
attempts to elect a new President
of the republic. Edouard Her
riot and Vincent Auriol. two tired
old men who insist they don’t
want the Job, led the field of
compromise candidates.
Political leaders held a series
of fruitless conferences this
morning in attempt to break a
six-day deadlock. When the
eleotoral congress met this after
noon to take the 11th ballot
since last Thursday, there had
been no progress in reaching
agreement on a candidate who
could get the necessary majority
vote. •
The next session was put off
until 10 a.m. (4 a.m. EST) to
morrow in the hope that during
this afternoon and tonight some
way could be found to avoid
further public embarrassment
over failure to pick a President.
Mr. Herriot and Mr. Auriol
appeared to be the only likely
| figures considered above party
squabbles. Mr. Auriol winds up
his present seven-year term as
President on January 17.
Interparty Talks Called.
The interparty conferences
were called by Andre Le Troquer,
Socialist presiding officer of the
electoral congress.
Intervening last night when,
on the 10th ballot, no candidate
still could poll a majority, Mr.
Le Troquer declared "prolonga
tion of the present situation
would endanger the functioning
of democratic institutions.”
Though the French presidency
is largely a ceremonial office, po
litical leaders agreed that the
bitter deadlock was posing an
ever-graver danger to French
democracy by underlining the
deep political and class divisions
within the nation. In all pre
vious presidential elections no
more than two ballots have been
required.
Laniel Loses Ground.
Premier Joseph Laniel, who
has led the poll throughout most
of the five days of inconclusive
voting, lost ground last night
when the small Social and Dem
ocratic Resistance Party ab
stained on the 10th ballot to
protest continuation of the stale
mate.
Although both candidates re
mained in the race, Mr. Laniel
hinted in a statement he would
withdraw if a middle-of-the
road leader capable of rallying a
strong majority was selected as
a compromise entry.
Joseph Ormond, the bartender,
walked back into the bar from
the kitchen. The gunman fired
a shot over his head. Mr. Or
mond thought it was a gag.
Gerald Hanley, the owner, en
tered the lounge, grinned at the
gunman, whom he assumed to
be a prankster.
“I’m not kidding; this is a
holdup,” shouted the bandit. The
customers. grinned. A few
laughed when he fired a second
shot at the ceiling.
The gunman, visibly nervous,
lowered the gun, glared around
the bar, backed slowly out a door.
Police could find no bullet holes
in the ceiling, an indication the
bandit’s cartridges were as blank
as his holdup attempt.
District Rejects
Proposed Raise
In Teacher Pay
Move Held Threat
To Works Program;
Compromises Drawn
By James G. Deane
District officials today dashed
hopes for a teacher pay raise
after hearing a warning by
Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler
that any increase would require
new taxes.
Mr. Fowler told the Commis
sioners a pay raise without new
taxes—and the round of in
creases for other emploves which
could be expected to follow it—
would jeopardize the city’s $306
million public works program.
Commissioner Samuel Spencer
promptly indicated that there is
little chance the city can boost
teacher pay now.
The Citizens’ Advisory Coun
cil—which sat in on the session
this morning—afterward recom
mended unanimously against any
increase in pay at present.
Mr. Fowler’s warning was
given at a meeting at which city
aides and school officials clashed
over the Board of Education’s
request for $3 million in raises
for teachers and school officials.
Compromise Unlikely.
District officials proposed a
compromise giving the school
employes about a third as much.
But they quickly said that even
this is probably out of the ques
tion at present.
Schuyler Lowe, director of
general administration, proposed
a further -compromise which
would cos(Tthe city $477,000 in
the next fiscal year—or one-sixth
of the school board estimate.
But Mr. Lowe himself said this,
too, is probably too much for
the District’s tight budget.
The school board asked for
the $3 million in raises two weeks
ago. The District is under in
structions to report on the ade
quacy of present school salaries
to Congress by January 4.
Some Raise Justifiable.
City officials agreed today that
some pay raise is justified. Mr
! Lowe indorsed a District per
sonnel office plan for more mod
| est raises than those proposed
iby the school board. It is this
; plan which would cost about $1
1 million—the first of the two
compromises proposed today,
i School board members made
: it clear at today’s meeting that
; this Compromise is unaccept
: able, however. C. Melvin Sharpe,
j board president, appointed a
committee to meet with city offi
cials tomorrow morning on the
subject, but neither side indi
cated any hope of real agree
ment.
Commissioner Spencer near
the close of the lengthy session
today, said it may be necessary
to send both plans separately to
Congress.
Revenues Seen Dropping.
Mr. Fowler, in describing the
city’s financial plight, said Dis
trict revenues already have
reached their peak and now look
as if they are going down.
This, he said, frightens city
officials, and he expressed fear
that any raise for teachers would
embarrass the city further by
setting off a new round of wage
increases.
It is this, he said, which would
jeopardize the public works pro
gram unless new taxes beyond
these already planned are levied.
He added that no funds at all
are yet available for the works
program.
sl3 Million in Red.
Mr. Fowler said that in effect
the District is already sl3 mil
lion in the red, adding:
“That isn’t a very pretty pic
ture.”
Henry Hubbard, District per
sonnel officer, and Norman J
Nelson, assistant superintendent
of schools, outlined the opposing
wage proposals at the meeting.
Mr. Hubbard said school em
ployes deserve a raise because of
the cost of living and in order
to keep their pay in line with
that in other cities. But his plan
(See TEACHERS, Page A-3.)
Santa May Find
Snow Around Here
On Christmas Eve
The Weather Bureau held
out the possibility of snow for
Christmas Eve or Christmas in
its long range outlook today, but
it might just be rain.
The five-day forecast for this
vicinity included “quite cold”
Heavy Snow and CoM Hit Midwest;
Schools Close in Kansas City. Page A-6
weather Thursday through Sat
urday.
A taste of snow may be mixed
with rain expected Thursday
when the Weather Bureau said
it would be windy and turning
colder. A cold air mas§ is mov
ing this way from Canada.
Warm air moving in from the
Gulf of Mexico over cooler
ground caused fog over the Dis
trict and most of the East last j
night and today, presenting
added hazards to driving.
Occasional rain was expected;
tonight, with a low temperature,
near 40. i
Bi 1 LOOK!...HE'S TRYING
HI J WBFl&mSi'Mm,Tor mo our if
y l . tu'.r ”‘n
Hysteria Over Reds Will Pass
As Others Have, Truman Says
Ex-President Recalls Anti-Masonic,
Know-Nothing and KKK Upheavals
By th* Associated Pr**i
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 22
Harry S. Truman, In an inter
view for television, is quoted as
saying that personal liberties in
the United States today “may be
threatened, but they’re not in
danger."
U. S. Television News today
released the transcript of an in
terview with the former Presi
dent on a Kansas City, Mo.,
street corner by a roving tele
vision reporter, Clete Roberts.
The reporter said Mr. Truman
i was one of those interviewed for
| the filmed program, “Street Cor
ner, U. S. A."
The former President, was
asked: “Do you believe that your,
personal liberties, as guaranteed
by the Constitution, are threat
ened today?” He was quoted as
answering:
“They may be threatened, but
they’re not in danger.”
Cites Events in History.
Asked for the basis of his
thinking on this point, he re
plied :
"Well, it’s happened before.
We go through these periods of
hysteria, have done it time and
again. In the 1790’s we had
the Jacobin difficulty and they
passed the alien and sedition
laws. In about four years, they
had to be repealed because they
were actually in controversy
with the Bill of Rights and the
Constitution of the United
States.
“Then along in the 30’s (1830 s)
we had an anti-Masonic propo
sition in which the Masons were
accused of everything under the
sun. a lot of lodges were closed
and a lot of people were perse
cuted on account of they were
members of the Masonic organi
zation. t
“Ten years after that the
‘know-nothings’ and their prin
cipal yen was against the Cath
olic Church. They tarred and
feathered priests, burned down
Catholic churches and did a lot
of things like that.
“The next go-’roiind was the
Ku Klux after the Civil War and
that was revived in 1922 to 1928
and A1 Smith was a victim of
that anti-Catholic, anti - Jew,
anti-Negro proposition.
“Now we have a Communist
scare. And if you know anybody
that knows a Communist, I wish
you’d put him in touch with me,
because I’d like to see what one
looks like. I don’t think that the
country is in any danger from
an interior Communist uprising. :
“Our difficulties are beyond !
the Iron Curtain, and it’s been
the policy to prevent the people
on the other side of the Iron
Curtain from putting the free 1
world out of business. And that’s ]
the most important thing with <
which we are faced. If we can i 1
do that, then we’ll have peace 11
Drunk Has Good Imagination
And 2 Priests' Topcoats, Too
Charles Pinkert, 48, target of
100 drunkenness convictions,
wandered to Catholic University,
yesterday and wound up in the
12th precinct station with the
topcoats of two priests.
“Now, Charlie,” said Precinct
Detective Emmitt J. Bell, also'an
old friend, “where did you get
these two coats?”
“Well sir, I was walking |
through the old Soldiers Home,” ;,
recalled Pinkert, “when the good 1
father saw me and said, ‘Son,
you look cold, take my coat.’ ”
“And how about the second
coat,” the detective asked.
“The father said I still looked
in the world and that’s what
we’ve ai* been fighting for.”
Mr. Roberts then asked Mr.
Truman:
"As I unde# stand it then, Mr.
Truman, you feel that the com
mon sense of the American peo
ple—the good judgment will
triumph?”
Always Has Triumphed.
“Oh. certainly,” answered Mr.
Tinman “It always has, and
then we’re always ashamed of
ourselves for these periods of
hysteria, and it will be the same
way about this one.”
U. S. Television News an
nounced that the Truman inter
view is scheduled to be telecast
in Los Angeles and Kansas City
next Sunday. The announce
ment did not say when the inter
view was obtained.
U. S. Television News is an
organization that provides news
and filmed interviews to tele
vision stations.
8 Apparently Killed
In River Barge Blast
ly th* Associated Pr*ss
POINT PLEASANT, W. Va.,
Dec. 22—A big gasoline barge
blew up at an Ohio River dock
here today and eight men ap
parently were killed.
State police reported three
hours later that three bodies
had been recovered, two still
were inside the barge and three
workmen were missing.
The 200-foot steel river tanker,
owned by the Union Barge Line,
was being cleaned at the dock of
the Marietta Manufacturing Co.
at the time of the blast, about
9:30 a.m.
The blast tore a hole 80 feet
long and 10 feet wide in the
barge. A heavy steel sheet from
the hole went 200 feet through
the air and hit the boom of a
big crane in a shipyard high on
the river bank. It then dropped
on a cement mixing truck. No
one was hurt in the shipyard.
Some of the 20 men at work
building a new barge nearby
were jolted. A few had scratches
and bruises, but there were no
serious injuries.
Cause of the explosion was
not determined immediately.
Marietta Manufacturing Co.
produces dredges, barges, ferry
boats and steam engines.
Warrens in California
LOS ANGELES. Dec. 22 OF)—
Chief Justice Earl Warren and
Mrs. Warren are back in Cali
fornia for the holiday season.
The Warrens arrived by airliner
last night for their first visit to
California since he resigned the
California governorship to accept
the judicial post.
cold so he give me another one,
too.”
“You mean." gasped Detective
Bell, “that one priest would steal
from another priest just to give
you two coats?”
“Yup, that’s about the size of
it,” said Pinkert.
"You’re lying, Charlie,” the
detective remarked, and so he
charged him with petty larceny
and unlawful entry.
■ In Municipal Court today
Judge Armond W. Scott, remem
bering Charlie as an “old friend”
he had seen many times before,
meted out a 60-day sentence,
half of it for drunkenness and
the other half for unlawful
entry.
Christmas Treats
For the housewife who forgot to bake
her fruitcake, The Star’s food editor,
Violet Faulkner, has an unbaked variety,
a Christmas holly cake. See
Page B-S.
New York Markets, Pages A-21
Home Delivers Monthlv Rates Evenlne and Sunday. $1.76; BS r’TT'MT'C!
Evening* only. 51.30: Sunday only. flsc: Nitht Final 10c Additional io
Post Office Will Test
Private Production
Os Postage Stamps
Photogravure Process
May Replace Engraving; !
Plate Printers Concerned
By Francis P. Douglas
Part of the production of post
age stamps, now turned out en- j
tirely at the Bureau of Engrav
ing and Printing, may be shifted
to private printing plants.
Postmaster General Summer
field announced today the Post
i Office will explore the produc
tion of stamps by a photogra- j
vure method instead of by en
graving. He said sucn stamps
| could be more attractive and
; colorful.
The Post Office said the Bu- ;
| leau would have a sample stamp
I produced by the photoengraving j
| process to provide a test against I
! a stamp of similar design pro- \
duced by hand engraving. This ;
sample stamp would *be produced
at a commercial plant.
There was a report that the |
Post Office planned production;
of photogravure stamps at a
plant at Scranton, Pa. The
plant is one of five which turns
out the Tuberculosis Society’s!
Christmas seals. The Post Office
spokesman said he didn't know
about the report.
Private Industry Issue.
' Another question was whether
j shifting of stamp production
| from the bureau here to private- ,
j ly owned plants here or else- j
! where was a part of. the Eisen- j
i hower administration’s program
of getting the Government out !
of competition with private in
dustry. The answer was, “not
necessarily.”
The Washington Plate Print- !
ers’ Union, members of which
produce the engraved steel!
plates for printing of stamps,
said it is “very much concerned
about the announcement that
this work will be farmed out to i
be printed by a commercial j
printing process.”
The union is Local No. 2 of
the International Plate Printers, j
Die Stampers and Engravers
Union. Prank J. Coleman, the
international union’s legislative
representative, warned of the
danger of counterfeiting of non- j
J engraved stamps.
Fears Counterfeiting.
“Stamps issued by the United
States Government, if printed
by a commercial process, cannot
be detected from counterfeit
stamps produced by the same
commercial process,” he said.
He cited the experience of
other countries where stamps,
not produced from hand-en
; graved plates were counterfeited.
The Post Office said it planned !
|to offer no lucrative field for
i counterfeiters. It plans to start
the new method with inexpen- j
sive stamps—ones, twos and !
threes.
The Post Office cited the
Treasury’s announcement recent
ly that bonds would be printed
by the photoengraving methods
rather than from hand-engraved
plates. The Plate Printers’
Union fears this step and the
shift in the stamp production
method will mean employment
of fewer of its members.
Snowballs Go on Sale
On Hollywood Corner
By th» Attociatad Pr»u
HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 22—It’s
officially winter now, even in
Hollywood, where snowballs went
on sale today for 5 cents apiece. 1
The snowballs—refrigerated, i *
of course—were available at Hoi- j I
lywood and Vine as a Christmas 1
touch for native children who 1
may never have enjoyed rolling 1
their own. ,
Proceeds will go to the Jewish
National Home for Asthmatic
Children at Denver. (
Rover Seeking
Full Jurisdiction
In Youth Trials
Will Draft New Bill
Changing Present
Juvenile Procedure
By Miriam Ottenberg
United States Attorney Leo A.
Rover today told the Senate Ju
venile Delinquency Subcommit
tee that “for the protection of
the community” he wants the
exclusive right to decide whether
juveniles who commit serious
crimes should be tried in juvenile
or adult court.
It was the first time that Mr.
Rover has gone on record to
Delinquency Witnesses List Health,
School and Welfare Needs. Page B-1
have this power transferred
from the Juvenile Court judge
to the United States attorney
and he made his point in vig
orous terms.
Before he was through. Chair
man Hendrickson of the subcom
mittee, asked Mr. Rover to hav«
his staff draft a proposed statute
on the waiver power for the sub-
I committee.
Criticizes Delays.
Mr. Rover dispensed quickly
with arguments advanced last
Friday by Juvenile Court Judge
Edith H. Cockrill that his office
lacks the staff to make the social
investigations that her court
makes before deciding whether
she should waive jurisdiction
over a youth.
“This business of waiting a
month or tw’o months to decide
whether *to prosecute a youth
for a crime of violence is utter
absurdity.” Mr. Rover declared.
“The United States attorney,
i with proper co-operation, ought
to be able to make up his mind
. in 48 hours whether a youth
should be tried in District Court
or Juvenile Court.”
By proper co-operation he said
he meant that the Juvenile Court
should be required to turn over
to him any social reports or in
vestigation data previously ac
quired about the youth. If he
was not previously known to the
court, Mr. Rover added, Juvenile
Court officers should make the
investigation for him since both
: courts are interested in law en
forcement.
Wants Power.
He said he wanted no mis
j understanding about his posi
tion. He made it clear that he
; does not want a partial voice
in these decisions but wants the
i power vested exclusively in his
! office.
"I think the United States at
torney. ot course, would make
his decision after conferences
with police and court officials,”
he explained, “but I am not in
favor of merely giving the
United States Attorney a con
curring voice. He should have
the final say or no say. We
have no time In our office to be
sitting around in conferences
deciding whether a youth should
be prosecuted for a crime of
i violence ”
Mr. Rover said an offender’s
youth should not be the sole
determining factor in where he
is tried.
“Women who are raped are
1 just as much outraged by a 17-
I year-old youth as by a 34-year
old man,” Mr. Rover said,
i "People who are held up at
gunpoint are just as frightened
: and their lives are just as much
in danger if the gun is held by
a 17-year-old or by a 40-year
old.”
Cites ‘Trigger-Happy’ Youths
The prosecuting attorney said
he agreed with Senator Hen
nings, Democrat, of Missouri,
when the later observed that
youth less experienced in crime
| are inclined to be more “trigger
• happy” than older and more
experienced offenders.
Mr. Rover was asked by Act
ing Subcommittee Counsel Her
bert Beaser whether he had
made his waiver recommenda
: tion because of the lack of ade
quate facilities for confining
such offenders as a 17-year-old
rapist or "because of the failure
| on the part of Juvenile Court.”
Mr. Rover replied that the
(See DELINQUENCY, Page A-3.)
The Small Taxpayer:
Is He Better OH?
TAXES AND THE "LITTLE MAN”
—Was the era of Andrew W. Mellon
one for the rich and powerful? Col
umnists have called it such. A retired
Treasury Department employe who
remembers.it says it was nothing of
the kind. His letter is a feature of
the popular "Letters to the Editor”
column on page A-10.
CHRISTMAS SPlßlT—Rescuing un
stamped Yule cards from the dead
letter office is one man's way of
playing Santa. See "Life in the
U. 5.," page B-11.
Guide for Readers
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Classified . B-16-20 Obituary A-12
Comics .. B-22-23 Rodio-TV B 21
Editorial ... A-10 Sports A-17-19
Edit'l Articles A-II Woman's
Financial A-21 Section ...B-3-C
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