OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 23, 1953, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1953-12-23/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Weather Forecast
Cloudy and much colder tonight with low
about 24. Tomorrow cloudy cold. (Full
report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 51 6 a.m 42 11 a.m 39
2 a.m 51 8 a.m 38 Noon 39
4 a.m 47 10 a.m 39 1 p.m 39
An Associated Press Newspaper
101st Year. No. 357.
American Reply
To Soviet Atom
Note Due Soon
Procedure in Getting
Peace Talks Started
Is Major Problem
By the Associated Frost
The United States probably
will send Russia a new note soon
welcoming its avowed agree
ment to atomic talks and sug
gesting ways to get them started.
Top officials, who are still
going over Moscow’s Monday
Dulles Puts Defense of Europe Squarely
Up to Key Allies. Page A-5
message with a magnifying
glass, have yet to decide pre
cisely how this country should
proceed. Some authorities be
lieve an exchange through nor
mal diplomatic channels will be
undertaken.
However, such planning is
going forward in the State De
partment and Atomic Energy
Commission on the assumption
that secret talks among the
world atomic powers will open
up under the sponsorship of
the United Nations Disarmament \
Commission in late January—
about a month away.
Air May Be Cleared.
A preliminary exchange of
views which could be carried j
on by ambassadors, or perhaps |
by Secretary of State Dulles and
Foreign Minister Molotov at
the projected Berlin conference,
might serve to clear the air of
misunderstandings if any exist,
officials said.
The Russian note condition
ally agreeing to talks Said j
President Eisenhower’s proposal !
for an international atomic
energy pool for peaceful pur
poses needed clarification—ap
parently on the point of what
the President would do about
weapons control.
Mr. Dulles said yesterday the
world might see a “recession of
the horror of atomic warfare’’ in
1954 as a result of America’s
initiative in reviving atomic
talks and Russian agreement to
participate.
Two Major Tasks Ahead.
Officials said two major moves
must now be worked out in de
tail:
1. The international atomic
agency which Gen. Eisenhower
proposed in a United Nations
speech December 8 must be blue
printed so that the United States
will be able to spell out precisely
what kind of operation it would
like to see, with what kind of
management, and with what
safeguards against use for war
of any atomic materials contrib
uted for peaceful uses.
2. An answer must be worked
out to what appears to be a
modified Soviet proposal, which
probably represents the Krem
lin’s “new approach’’ to the
problem of atomic control. Mos
cow’s note served notice that
tne Soviet government would
propose in any talks held that
all participating nations pledge
themselves not to use atomic
weapons.
Soviet Change Indicated.
United Nations experts said
this was a'change from Russia’s
earlier insistence on barring the
manufacture or possession of
atomic weapons as a first step
in international control of atomic
energy. This country has in
sisted that a rigid inspection sys
tem be set up first.
The Soviet note made clear
that the Kremlin was not giving
up its demand for a complete
ban—but thought that a pledge
against use something like the
poison gas agreements of earlier
years might be effective.
While Secretary Dulles dis
cussed the atomic outlook briefly
in a speech with some optimism,
however cautious, experts said
the gulf between the basic posi
tions of Russia and the United
States remains as wide as ever
on the basis of the positions they
have taken in the course of this
month. The real gain, according
to this view, lies only in the fact
that active talks may soon start
up again.
What Gen. Eisenhower sought
to do with his proposal was to
suggest away in which the Unit
ed States. Russia and such other
nations as Britain, Canada, Aus
tralia, South Africa apd Bel
gium could work together to pro
duce atomic power for peaceful
purposes for many countries in
the world.
Japanese Get U..S. Ship
YOKOSUKA, Japan, Dec, 23
(JP).— The U. S. S. Bath, last of
18 patrol frigates and 50 landing
craft to be turned over to the
Japanese under a 1950 exchange
agreement, was delivered by the
United States Navy today.
Star Phone Service
Thursday and Friday
Thursday, December 24—Main
switchboard service to (ST. 3-5000)
various departments of The Star in
cluding News, Classified Advertising,
Circulation and Business Counter ends
at 9 p.m. Deadline for Sunday Want
Ads also 9 p.m.
Friday, December 25—Classified
Advertising Department closes at 1
p.m. (Only Death Notices accepted.)
Business Counter ond Circulation De
partment close at 6 p.m. Main tele
phone switchboard service ends at
9 p.m.
Night service telephone numbers
as follows: News Dept., ST. 3-5078;
Detail Dept., ST. 3-5079.
Phone ST. 3-5000 ** WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1953-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. STSWiJ'BftJSSi 5 CENTS
Burgess, Missing Diplomat,
Writes to Mother in London
Briton, Quarry of European Manhunt
With Mac Lean, Doesn't Reveal Location
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 23.—A Christ
mas letter in the handwriting of
Guy Burgess, British diplomat
who vanished 2V 2 years ago. was
delivered at his mother’s home
today. She said it was the first
real evidence that her son is
still alive.
Burgess and his Foreign Office
colleague, Donald Mac Lean, an
American affairs expert, disap
peared on May 25, 1951. There
has been wide speculation that
they fled to the East to help
the Communist world in its cold
war against the west.
Burgess’ mother, Mrs. Evelyn
Burgess Bassett, speaking from
her apartment near Piccadilly
Circus, said she was “absolutely
certain’’ her son wrote the let
ter signed in his name.
“It is a wonderful Christmas
present,” she said. “It is the
first real sign we have had that
he is still alive.”
A friend of Mrs. Bassett told
reporters it Was “quite a happy
letter,” containing ordinary
Christmas greetings.
No Indication of Location.
“There was no indication in it
of where Guy may be,” the
friend added.
The letter’s contents were not
published. The penned date was
simply “November.” The letter
was postmarked Monday night,
however, in the dockyard area
of London.
The lapse time between the
Time for POW Talks
Runs Out as 22 From
U. 5. Spurn Last Pleas
'lnternationale' Resounds
While Red Americans
Dance With Koreans
By the Associated Press
PANMUNJOM, Thursday, Dec.
24.—Time ran out last midnight
on efforts to change the minds
of 22 American war prisoners
who have stayed with the Com
munists. •
The 90-day period for explan
ations to war prisoners expired
hours after the Americans and
other pro-Red captives chanted
songs, shouted and linked arms
in a wild dance to drown out
last-minute broadcast appeals to
return home.
An Indian spokesman said that
as midnight passed there was no
j request for repatriation from the
! prisoners in the pro-Red north
camp. The U. N. command said
earlier its broadcasts yesterday
ended efforts to woo home the
22 Americans, 1 Briton and 327
South Koreans who stayed with
the Reds.
The Communists, who have
pressed repeatedly for an ex
tension of the explanation pe
riod, asked to interview more
Chinese prisoners from the anti
communist south camp today.
But the Neutral Nations Re
patriation Commission ruled
that the explanations had ended.
To Meet News Correspondents.
The commission approved a
request from the pro-Commu
nist Americans and the Briton
to meet allied and Red news cor
respondents inside their com
pound today.
Loudspeakers outside the
barbed wire enclosure broadcast
12 times yesterday—four ap
peals each to the 22 Ameri
cans, 1 Briton and 77 South
(See POWs, Page A-5.)
Future Listing
Os Balky 22
Is Undecided
Pentagon officials said today
they have not yet decided what
to do about the 22 pro-Red
American POWs in Korea who
today refused to return to the
free world despite last-minute
broadcast appeals.
Reports have persisted that
the group would be declared
absent without leave at midnight
tonight, and would be classed as
deserters after 30 days. A de
fense Department spokesman
said today, however, that the
Americans will be carried on the
rolls as prisoners of war until
next January 22. The Neutral
| Repatriation Commission is re
quired by the armistice agree
| ment to give asylum to all un
j repatriated prisoners until that
i date, when they are to be re
leased as civilians.
If the prisoners still refuse to
return after January 22, the
Government will have to reach
a decision about them. It can
drop them from the rolls, and
in effect declare them deserters.
As an alternative, it might give
them so-called “undesirable dis
charges.” Such discharges are
not considered dishonorable, but
they automatically stop all pay
and allotments to dependents.
Theoretically, the Govern
j ment could also take no action
j in the hope the prisoners mignt
eventually return. This would be
an unlikely course, however,
since it would mean the pay of
1 the absent men would continue
to accumulate on the books and
their dependents would continue
to receive allotments indefinitely.
%ht fretting
writing and the mailing of the
letter suggested the possibility
that Burgess sent it to a friend
here to be reposted.
The fact that it was posted
in a dockyard area also sug
gested that Burgess, if actually
in an Iron Curtain country, sent
the letter to England by a sea
man, who dropped it in a local
mailbox.
Pair Widely Hunted.
The disappearance of Burgess
and Mac Lean touched off the
most intensive manhunt in
recent European history. Thou
sands of policemen and secret
agents throughout Western
Europe joined in. If a hard clue
of their destination was ever
turned up. however, it was not
made public. The trail petered
out in France. Police said they
were last seen boarding a train
for Paris from Rennes after a
secret crossing of the English
Channel.
Mac Lean’s Chicago-born wife,
the former Melinda Marling, and
their two children went to live in
Switzerland.
In September this year, they
also vanished. The speculation
was that they had gone to join
Mac Lean somewhere behind the
Iron Curtain.
Last October, however, the
Soviet magazine New Times said
their disappearance “has not the
slightest connection with the
Soviet Union.” This was the first
Soviet comment on the case.
Jacquinot Withdraws
As French Plan 12th
Presidential Ballot
Coty Takes His Place;
Deadlock Still Firm,
No Solution in Sight
By tho Associated Presi
VERSAILLES. Dec. 23.—Louis
Jacquinot withdrew today as a
candidate for the French presi
dency and his place on the 12th
ballot was taken by Rene Coty,
an independent Republican.
Mr. Jacquinot, who is over
seas minister, had been put up
by rightists after Premier Laniel
withdrew from the race last
night. Both houses of the
French Parliament have been
meeting since last Thursday in
an attempt to elect a successor
to President Vincent Auriol,
whose seven-year term expires
next month.
On the llth ballot this morn
ing Mr. Jacquinot received 338
votes and Marcel-Edmond Nae
gelen, a Socialist, 372. A ma
i jority of 441 was needed.
Despite last-minute attempts
at a compromise which would
permit putting Mr. Auriol’s
name before the congress
apparently fell through. Mr.
Jacquinot had proposed that he
and Mr. Naegelen withdraw and
leave Auriol in the field. The
afternoon session to take a 12th
ballot had been postponed for
two hours (until noon EST)
to permit the Socialists to talk
with Mr.. Jacquinot.
No solution was In sight to
the political deadlock, now in
its seventh day. As fog and rain
shrouded the palace of Ver
sailles, there was talk the mara
thon voting would continue
through the Christmas holidays.
Premier Joseph Laniel with
drew late last night after it-be
came apparent he could not pick
up support from middle-of-the
road factions.
$65 Million in Soviet Gold
Flies Secretly lo London
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 23.—The Krem
lin has secretly flown into Lon
don about $65 million in “ham
mer and sickle” gold bars, offi
cial sources disclosed today.
The gold, arriving in two air
shipments during the last 72
hours, is destined for the Bank
of England. It is the first real
gold deal between British and
Russian central banks since
1936. The gold is believed to
have come from Moscow’s Na
rodni Bank and to have been
paid for in sterling.
London traders said .there is a
possibility the hammer and
I sickle bars—which are of the
finest quality—may soon be on
the way to American vaults.
More than $125 million in Brit
ish wartime indebtedness to the
United States falls due at the
i end of this month. Approxi
mately another $35 million dol
lars will go to Canada.
Program Arranged
For Soviet-lran Talks
By tho Associated Prats
TEHRAN, Dec. 23.—The Soviet
Union and Iran have agreed on
an agenda for fresh talks aimed
at the settlement of financial
and border disputes between
i them A previous try was broken
off last August on the overthrow
!of Premier Mohammed Mossa
degh’s government.
The agenda was arranged yes
terday at a meeting between
Foreign Minister Abdullah En
tezam and Soviet Ambassador
Anatoly Lavrentiev.
Real Recession
Already Here,
Douglas Warns
Senator Asks G. O. P.
For Standby Plan to
Avoid Depression
By thy Associated Press
Senator Douglas, Democrat, of
Illinois declared today this coun
try is in a “real recession”
which might contain the seeds
of a full-scale depression.
Avoiding any prediction that
a depression will materialize.
Senator Douglas urged the Eisen
hower administration to prepare
a standby program which could
be used instantly if “the cumu
: lative forces of economic break
down” continue.
The administration has been
reported blueprinting such a pro
gram, although officials have
! publicly discounted that any
thing more than a normal read
! justment from unusually high
business activity is in progress.
Minimum Provisions Listed.
Senator Douglas, a former
University of Chicago economics
professor and the author of sev
eral books on economics, said
in an interview that such an
anti-depression program should
embrace as a minimum:
1 A further decrease of “con
sumption taxes,” such as excise
levies, to lower prices and thus
stimulate buying. In this con
nection, the Senator said he
will support the excise tax cut
of about a billion dollars sched
uled for April 1. President Ei
senhower has asked that it be
postponed indefinitely.
2. An increase in personal ex
emptions for income tax pur
poses. a step which Senator
Douglas said would increase
spending faster than any across
the-board income tax cut.
3. A public works program, with
emphasis on slum clearance,
public housing, highway con
i struction, and school and hospital
| construction.
i Cites Industrial Slump.
Senator Douglas took pains to
; emphasize he was not forecasting
a depression. But he said these
1 economic indicators are worth
study: the farm implement busi
j ness has been “hit very, very
; hard”; the automobile industry
| is “beginning to feel the pinch”
'and steel demand is off: freight
J car loadings were off 12 per cent
; last month from the previous
i November; Montgomery Ward
| sales were down 15 per cent un
| der the same year,
j Senator Douglas said the most
important depression antidote is
an increase in the spending power
of the average consumer.
By next spring, he said, the
administration should have a
clear indication whether a de
: pression is definitely on the way.
If it should decide one is, Con
; gress should be asked immedi
ately to cut excise taxes beyond
I the April reduction and raise
individual income tax exemp
; tions, now S6OO a person, Senator
j Douglas said.
Nixon's Father, 75,
Stricken in Arizona
Frank A. Nixon, 75, father of
Vice President Nixon, is critical
ly ill in St. Joseph’s Hospital in
Phoenix. Ariz., where he was re
moved yesterday when stricken
while flying to Los Angeles from
Washington with his wife.
Attending physicians said he
is suffering from a gastric hem
orrhage. He was reported better
I today and one physician said “it
looks like he might rally,” the
Associated Press reported.
Vice President Nixon, who is
scheduled to make a radio talk
I here at 10:30 tonight on his re
| cently completed good-will tour,
1 plans to remain in Washington
unless his father becomes worse.
The senior Nixons remained in
Washington with the Vice Presi
dent’s children while their son
and his wife made their 10-week
i 45,000-mile world tour.
Nobody Yet Has Right Idea
To Save Pup in 38-Foot Well
By the Associated Press
CARLSBAD. N. Mex., Dec. 23.
—Bolstered by a multitude of
suggestions, Fire Chief Ira
Stockwell today took his turn at
trying to rescue a 2-month-old
pup from the bottom of a dry
water well.
Ideas by the dozen were of
fered by newspaper readers and
radio listeners.
It all began nine days ago
when 5-year-old Teresa Curtis
pushed two pups into a hole in
her back yard. It’s about 10
inches wide at the top and 38
feet deep.
Her cousins, Dan Hardin, 15,
and Poe Hardin. 12, rescued one
of the pups. They lowered a
burlap sack and the pup walked
Int* it. But the other little
mongrel shied off.
The Hardin boys have been
keeping the trapped pup alive
by lowering bowls of milk and
cereal.
Yesterday a couple of Boy
Scouts tried unsuccessful to
79 Couples' Yule Is Brighter
As Judge Approves Adoptions
Montgomery Court's Cheerful Session ,
Grants Final and Interim Decrees
Associate Judge Stedman
Prescott, of Montgomery County 1
Circuit Court, made Christmas
merrier today for 19 young cou
ples with adopted children.
In a day-long session in his
chambers at Rockville, the judge
Pictures on. Page 8-1
granted the parents final or in
terlocutory decrees, affirming
their right to continue to raise
the children they have taken
into their homes during recent
months.
“Not all of the duties of a
judge are pleasant," Judge Pres
cott said, “but this one is.”
Adoption day is almost a tra
ditional Yuletide ceremony in
Judge Prescott’s office. For sev
eral years he has set aside two
days at the end of the year to
hear and rule on such cases.
His purpose, he said today. Is
to enable the parents to qualify
for an income tax deduction for
the child, which they have been
supporting for most of the past
year.
Parents are required to care
for their adopted children for
at least six months before they j
can be given a final decree
Last 2 of 13 Escaped Felons
Recaptured in Hotel Room
By th* Associated Press
RICHMOND, Ind., Dec. 23.—A
parked car with two half-eaten
loaves of bread led police to the
capture in a hotel room early
today of the last two of 13
escaped Michigan convicts.
Police Capt. John Rizio said
the two men, after' a brief
struggle, admitted they are
Robert Dowling, 33, a burglar,
and Roman Usiondek, 37, a psy
chopathic killer. Michigan po
lice had described them as
dangerous.
They and 11 others escaped
from the Southern Michigan
Prison at Jackson last Satur
day burning through bars in a
prison sewer with an acetylene
torch.
Policemen Spot Car.
The tipoff came when cruising
Patrolmen Robert Matheny and
Lawrence Harris spotted a car
with Michigan license plates,
parked opposite the Wayne
County Courthouse.
In the car they saw the bread,
drop a rope loop over the pup
and haul him to safety,
New Mexico newspaper and
wire service offices were be
sieged with suggestions for res
cue. One of the plans came
from a woman who said:
“Send the other puppy down
in a basket The trapped puppy
may be so glad to see him he'll
climb in the basket, too.’’
A fisherman: “Drop a piece
of net the size of the bottom
of the hole to the bottom with
ropes tied to the four corners, j
When he reaches for the piece
of meat in the center, jerk him
out like a catfish.”
Another offered: “Pill the
well to a depth of 2 or 3 feet
with corks. Do it slowly so the
pup can crawl on top. Then
fill the well with water so hell
float to the top.”
“Lower a little boy in a stout
pair of coveralls on a rope,”
suggested a woman, “and let
him bring the puppy back.”
An elderly lady suggested
building a lattice-work ladder
and letting the pup climb out.
The judge will hear 18 more
cases on Tuesday.
He emphasized today, before
the start of the 19 closed hear
ings which he conducted one at
a time, that his procedure “is
no adoption mill.”
He said he had made a thor
ough study of the bulky reports
on each case beforehand. In
Montgomery County the Circuit
Court retains Special Officer
Homer Carroll to investigate
adoption cases.
Little Shlreen Marie Kenney,
21 months old, was the first child
to come before the judge this
morning. The smiles of her par
ents when they came out of the
judge’s office made it clear that
Shireen was officially their child.
Her now official parents are Mr.
and Mrs. Theodore Kenney of
3909 Halsey street, Kensington.
Dr. and Mrs. Michel Healy of
Somerset, Md.. received a final
decree for adoption of their 21-
month-old daughter Elizabeth.
They previously had adopted
Elizabeth’s brother, 4-year-old
Michael Thomas Healy.
Another couple receiving a
final decree was Mr. and Mrs.
George G. Wyland of 8315 Old
Georgetown road, Bethesda.
Their adopted child is Jean
Marie, 16 months.
j a bottle of ketchup and a litter
! of cigarette butts.
| Capt. Rizio and three other
officers went to a small hotel on
U. S. 40, less than a block from
the car and only a block from
police headquarters, at the west
edge of the business district.
When they knocked Dowling
opened the door. The police
asked for identification. Where
upon Dowling walked to a bu
reau and grabbed a .32-caliber
German-make pistol from under
a hat
Capt. Rizio said he seized
Dowling’s wrist and twisted the
gun out of his hand.
The three other officers—
Sergt. Elwood Clark and Patrol
men Harold Ryan and Norman
Siekel—grabbed Usiondek, and
both men were taken to police
headquarters.
Men Ask for Food.
Police Chief Lucas Rohe said
both men signed extradition
waivers to permit their return
to Michigan without legal pro
ceedings.
After his arrest.'Usiondek said,
I "I’m tired of running. I’m ready
to go back.”
The men said they had eaten
nothing except bread for 30
hours and asked for food.
Dowling and UsiondeCk were
among five who abducted two
Jackson women as hostages, but
released them unharmed after
a wild 80-mile flight from Jack
son to Detroit in a stolen Cadil
lac. The others in this quintet
were captured Monday in De
troit in the shabby southwest
side home of an ex-convict. ]
Eight were captured Saturday
night and Sunday at Napoleon,
Mich., and Jackson.
Parking Talks Put Off;
Talkers Can't Park
ty th« Associated Press
NORWICH, Conn., Dec. 23.
: The Board of Directors of the:
Norwich Chamber of Commerce j
has postponed discussion of off
j street parking until its next
meeting.
Tire directors were supposed 1
to take up the issue at 5 p.m.
yesterday, but not enough mem
bers showed up to form a j
quorum. An official said the
Christmas shopping crowds
made it impossible for the
absent members to find places to
park.
Christmas in Church
Christ’s birth will be commemorated
in the traditional Christmas Eve and
Christmas Day services. The plans for
these services are outlined on
Page B-l.
New YorlTMorlcets. Pages A-16-17
Eisenhower Assures
Federal Workers of
Fair Play on Jobs
Increase in Shifting
To Political Status
Is Noted, However
By Joseph Young
President Eisenhower has again j
assured Government civil service ,
workers that they have nothing
to fear from his administration.
At the same time, however,
latest figures show that the Civil
Service Commission during the j
past few weeks h£s been approv
ing a greater percentage of Re- ,
publican agency requests to shift 1
policy-making lobs tp political
appointment status.
A larger percentage of Re
! publican agency requests for the
schedule C jobs—now under
civil service—has been approved j
during the past few weeks, The >
Star learned. For the first time
since the new classification was
created last April by President
Eisenhower, more Schedule C
jobs have been approved than
rejected.
The latest count shows 848
schedule C jobs approved and
810 rejected The CSC revised
its figure of 902 rejections since
in 92 of the cases the same re
quest had been rejected twice.
Since November 11 the CSC has
approved 78 Schedule C re
quests and 50 were rejected.
Higher Percentage Forecast.
CSC officials disclose that dur
ing the coming weeks an even i,
greater percentage of these pol
icy-making job requests will be
allowed. *
Word of Gen. Eisenhower’s |
new assurance to career Govern
ment workers came from Repre
sentative Broyhill, Republican,
of Virginia.
He said the President told a
group of G. O. P. House mem
bers yesterday that civil service
employes have nothing to fear
from the recent Federal Court
ruling involving Government job
rights.
Visits White House.
Mr. Broyhill visited the White j
House yesterday to ask the
President to clarify the issues
raised by the decision last week
by Federal Judge Richmond B.
Keech. Judge Keech held that
the President had unlimited fir
ing rights over Federal workers.
“I told the President that
Federal employes were very much
worried about the situation,” Mr.
Broyhill said.
He related that Gen. Eisen- :
hower, “with great emphasis,”
declared that the administration
had no intention of raiding civil
service jobs. Furthermore, the
President said that Government
employes can be assured of re
ceiving fair play at all times
from him, Mr. Broyhill related.
Pre-1947 Situation Recalled.
Mr. Broyhill said Gen. Ei
senhower recalled that prior to
1947 Federal employes did not
have special rights in excepted
I jobs and that the court ruling
(Continued on Page A-2, Col. 5.) :
Shoreham Reports
'Biggest' Theft:
120 by 6 Foot Rug
Police today were trying to
solve the biggest theft in the
history of the Shoreham Hotel.
Missing is a strip of gray-green ,
carpet 120 feet long by 6 feet
wide.
Hotel officials reported the
carpet vanished from a base
ment store room probably last
Friday, but was not missed until 1
yesterday. 1
Also puzzling both hotel offi- i (
cials and police is how the 1
burglars managed to get the rug 1
out of the hotel without detec- 1
tion. It took four men to get ,
it into the basement. It is
valued at between $2,000 and !
$3,000. 1
Cost of Living
Drops in Nation,
Still Rises Here
Price Index Shows
Decrease for First
Time in 9 Months
By James Y. Newton
Living costs nationally de
clined for the first time in nine
months in the month ending
November 15, the Government
said today. In Washington,
where prices are sampled every
three months, living costs rose
slightly despite a 2.4 per cent
drop in retail food prices.
A sharp drop in food prices
affected living costs all over the
country, as well as in Wash
ington, and was primarily re
sponsible for the decline na
tionally. Before the latest fig
ures were announced, national
living costs had set new all-time
record highs for four successive
months.
Wages of 1 million railroad
workers were tied to today’s Bu
reau of Labor Statistics con
sumer price index. The wages
are adjusted every three months.
Actually the railroad workers’
wages will remain the same.
They will lose a 1-cent-an-hour
increase which they had picked
up on “paper” in the two months
of the quarter ending October 15.
Interrupts Rise.
The bureau said that nation
ally the retail prices of goods
and services dropped three
tenths of 1 per cent in the month
ending November 15, interrupt
ing a gradual rise which began
last February.
Food prices, declining for the
third consecutive month, dropped
1.4 per cent, and this was mainly
responsible for the general de
crease. Transportation costs,
reflecting sharply lower prices
for used cars, dropped one-half
of 1 per cent for the month and
clothing prices were unchanged.
All other categories of goods and
services rose in price.
The Government’s living cost
index on November 15 was 115
per cent of the base period, the
1947-1949 average. This was six
tenths of 1 per cent, higher than
a year ago and 13 per cent above
the pre-Korean level.
Prices Up Here.
For Washington, consumer
prices rose one tenth of 1 per
cent in the three months ending
November 15. despite a substan
tial drop in food prices. Actually
over this same three months, the
national index remained un
changed.
The Washington index for No
vember was 114.3 per cent of the
1947-49 average. This was four
tenths of l per cent higher than
a year ago and 12.5 per cent
above the pre-Korean level.
Housing costs here reflecting
removal of rent controls last
summer, were up 1.6 per cent al
most offsetting the drop of 2.4
per cent in food prices.
No Beef Profiteering,
Benson Probers Declare
By th* Associated Press
The Agriculture Department
reported today it has found no
evidence of widespread, above
normal profit-making by beef
and cattle processors and dis
tributors in the past two years.
The report culminated an in
vestigation started in September
at the direction of Secretary of
Agriculture Benson. He said
there had been consumer and
producer complaints that beef
(See LIVING COSTS. Page A-5.)
Young Bandit Steals Car
After Threatening Woman
A teen-age bandit stole the
car of a doctor’s wife in Silver
Spring today after entering their
home pretending to collect old
newspapers.
Montgomery County police
said the you(h held a knife at
the woman’s throat' and de
manded money.
Mrs. Carl A. Harris, 803 Per
shing drive, said she told him
she had no money, whereupon
the youth made her give him the
car keys.
Detective Sergt. William Wha
len described the youth as about
5 feet. 7 inches, medium build,
brown-haired, wearing a brown
overcoat and tan scarf.
Sergt. Whalen said Mrs. Har
ris' husband is a Government
physician,
Their 4-year-old son Peter
was with his mother. Neighbors
said Mrs. Harris told them the
youth also threatened the boy.
Cash Talks When You
Say It With Flowers
BLOSSOM BUSlNESS—Washington
residents say it with flowers to the
tune of $5.50 each during a year
more than people anywhere else in
the Nation. The job of furnishing all
these flowers is o tricky one. Star
Staff Writer Mark Roberts discusses
the florist business on page A-16.
Guide for Readers
Amusements B-6-7 Lost, Found A-3
Classified B-9-12 Obituary A-10
Comics ...1-14-15 Radio-TV . . 8-13
Editorial ... A-B'Sports ... A-12-15
Edit’l Articles A-9j Woman's
Financial .A-16-17| Section ...B-3-5
Have The Star Delivered to Your
Home Daily and Sunday.
Dial Sterling 3-5000

xml | txt