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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 13, 1954, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny and hot, high 92. Possible thun
dershowers. Low tonight 67. Tomorrow,
fair and warm. (Full report on Page A-2.)
Hourly Temperatures.
Noon —BS 6 p.m 90 11 p.m 79
2 p.m 88 8 p.m —86 Midnight 79
4 p.m 91 10 p.m 80 1 a.m 77
102 d Year. No. 164. Phone ST. 3-5000
Jittery Officials
Fear Uprising
In Guatemala
Government May
Order Martial Law,
Many Are Fleeing
By the Associated Press
June 12. The Communist
backed government of neigh
boring Guatemala is in “neai
panic” over a growing threat ol
revolution and may declare mar
tial law at any time, report?
reaching here said today.
Jittery Guatemalans arrived
in a general exodus of wives and
U. S. Must Support Asian Causes to
Beat Reds, Nixon Says. Page A-4
U. S. Lining Up Latin American Support
to Quarantine Guatemala. Page A-4
children of foreigners, wealthy
Guatemalans and even of some
Guatemalan officials. They re
ported that rumors of revolt fill
the air there. To the man in
the street, they declared, the big
question is not if but when the
revolution will start.
The clandestine radio operated
in Guatemala by political foes
of President Jacobo Arbenz Guz
man was joined openly today by
another station in a nearby
country in the Dominican Re
public in predicting that the
uprising might begin next week.
Radios Ordered Off Air.
President Arbenz’ regime re
peatedly “announces” the dis
covery and destruction of the
clandestine radio inside Guate
mala which nags the government
day and night. But broadcasts
continue. Officials retaliated this
week by ordering “ham” or ama
teur radio operators off the air.
President Arbenz cracked down
hard on all elements suspected
of opposition ties, even arrest
ing some members of his own
governing party. Mr. Arbenz
claims there is an organized, for
eign-inspired plot afoot to over
throw his government.
For the first time since a
2.000-ton arms shipment from
Red Poland brought angry
United States objections on May
17, setting off Guatemala's po
litical crisis, significant military
leaders were breaking away from
the Arbenz camp this week.
Five army and air force officers
and six senior cadets of the
Guatemalan military academy
fled the country in a stolen air
force plane in one incident so
widely discussed, despite censor
ship, that the government had
to issue a denial.
Chief of Staff Missing.
Now, there are widespread re
ports that the army chief of
staff himself, Gen. Carlos H.
Sarti. has also disappeared.
A former national defense sub
secretary, Col. Miguel Mindoza,
sought asylum in the El Salvador
Embassy in Guatemala Wednes
day. His brother, former air force
chief, Col. Rodolfo Mindoza, had
earlier escaped El Salvador In
a private plane.
Faced with a possible army
switch to the opposition side, the
Arbenz regime was reportedly
preparing to arm the powerful
red-tinged landless Farmers Un
ion to build guerrilla forces. The
question of arming the laborers
was first raised at a union meet
ing last Sunday.
Police seized and closed the
“house of liberty,” headquarters
of Guatemala’s strongest anti
communist group, In a Wednes
day night raid.
Relatives of victims of the
(See GUATEMALA. Page A-3.)
Gunman Collects $240
In Holdup of Market
A gunman fled with $240 last
night in a holdup of the L & L
Market, 2634 Georgia avenue
Jacob Finkelstein, the owner,
said he was working on a show
case shortly before closing time
at 9:30 p.m. when a neatly
dressed colored man with a pencil
moustache approached him and
said in a low voice, “Hey, fellow,
I want to talk to you.”
He showed Mr. Finkelstein a
small automatic and ordered him
to go to the cash register and
put the money in a paper bag.
After Mr. Finkelstein complied,
the gunman took a scrap of
newspaper from his pocket and
used it to pick up the coin drawer
to make sure no money was
A woman customer was in the
store, but she left as the intruder
collected the money.
Star Want Ad Finds
Well-Qualified Help
Mr. J. M. needed on experienced
bookkeeping-machine operator. His
need was urgent. Placing an ad in
Star Classified he quickly found just
the person to fill the breach. Most
of the many calls the ad brought
were from experienced, well-qualified
operators with sound references.
If you want to hire, buy, trade or
sell, tell the long-established audience
of Star readers about it. You'll
enjoy quick results.
The Star publishes more classified
ads than the other Washington news
papers combined because it produces
the best results.
It's eosy ta place an ad in Stor
Classified. Just phone Sterling
3-5000 and ask far an ad-taker.
Wit Sunday §faf
Divorce Granted!
60 Pet. of Marital Smashups
Occur During First 7 Years
Early Pattern of Overcoming Crises
Seen Key to Happy Wedded Life
By Howard Whitman
“Most people, if they’ll be fair
about it, will admit that some
time in marital life they’re ready
to walk out on the other—and
feel justified!" says an experi
. enced marriage counselor.
It is not only normal—but
" probably healthy, too—for most
r Mora than a thousand times every day
* somewhere in the United States a
judge's gavel falls and, in effect, with
* two words—" Divorce Granted!"—
I somebody's love story comes to an
end. What is back of the personal
a tragedies of divorce? Howard Whit
o man gives a frank report in a series
of 12 articles starting today.
t couples to feel like quitting
4 j sometimes.
- I If more of them realized it,
y the wholesale horror of divorce
e might be lessened.
j Close to 400.000 couples, who
* once stood at the altar and
_ pledged their love forever, parade
* to the divorce courts in an
average year and call it quits.
j They give up. But they are not
s the only ones for whom marriage
f Showers Forecast;
- Hottest Day of Year
: Scorches D. C. Area
t i
City Swelters at 91°;
► #
s Lack of Rain Threatens
5 To Harm Farmers
The area was due to squirm
1 under a blanket of heat again
* today, with a possibility of some
* slight relief through scattered
1 thundershowers this afternoon.
\ Washington had its hottest
’ day of the year yesterday—9l j
degrees—at about 4 p.m, Pre-
L ! vious high was 89 degrees reg
| | istered June 1. Record for the
, date is 95 degrees, recorded in
, 1880, 1914 and 1938.
Thunderstorms, one of them
’ violent, have been skipping about
l —’ —
Picture on Page A-3.
within a 40-mile radius of Wash- j
ington for the last 48 hours.
The severe one struck Revere I
Beach Friday with walnut-sized
hailstones and winds unofficially
estimated at 70 miles an hour, j
Six Holstein cows on the Wil
liam F. Griffith farm near Buck
lodge, Md., were killed when
lightning struck a tree which
sheltered them. The cows were
valued at $2,100.
Elsewhere, most of the area
, was beginning to suffer from
■ lack of rain.
Montgomery County farmers
1 will begin to suffer badly if they
don’t get rain in the next week |
1 to 10 days, according to Agricul- j
tural Agent O. W. Anderson.
, j Farmers had a heavy rain two
' | weeks ago but most of it .ran off
I i the pastures.
Last fall’s dry weather has
added to the problem, Mr. An
derson said, and the pastures this
summer will not be able to sus
tain as long a dry spell as usual.
50 Hurt as Bleachers
Collapse at Speedway
By the Associated Press
DOVER, N. J., June 12.—About
50 persons were injured tonight ]
when a bleacher section holding
800 persons collapsed at Dover
Most of the injured suffered
cuts and bruises. A number had
broken legs or arms, it was re
-1 j ported.
A spokesman at Dover Gen
eral Hospital, to which most of
the victims were taken by am
bulance, said 34 had been treated
1 by an hour and a half after the
accident, and a number were
1 still waiting for medical care.
I Another nine were treated at St.
, Claire’s Hospital in nearby Den
j ville.
i j Police said the stands gave
i ' w ? ay at about 11 p.m., while the
I I stock car races were being held.
. The feature race of 25 laps was
, stopped in the 19th lap by the
[ collapse.
I Dover is in central Morris
* County in northern New Jersey.
> Tonight was the opening night
at the speedway after it had
; been closed for more than two
■ years.
Deserter Surrenders
To Army 24 Years Later
By tho Associated Pross
BELLEVIIJiK, HI., June 12.
A 64-year-old man who identi
fied himself as Francis E. Rob- i
erts of Portsmouth, Ohio, sur- j
rendered to Belleville police to- i
day, saying he was a deserter
from the Army.
The officer, noting the man’s
j age, said “deserter?”
“That’s right,” Roberts re
-1 plied. He said the desertion oc
curred 24 years ago. Roberts I
said he went A.W.O.L. from Ft. '
; Thomas, Ky., in 1930 after serv
ing four years in the Infantry.
Roberts said he decided to sur
render so he could clear his
record to obtain a job with old
age benefits.
** s
is a test and challenge. Marriage,
if it really is lived, has its sour
times for every one.
The wife who thinks all other
wives are blissfully happy and
her own marriage has dismal
hours Is the first to think of
quitting. The husband who
imagines that life with some one
else would be without thorns is
the first to give up.
Yet the overwhelming evidence
from our courts, social agencies
and churches is that happy mar
riages result from overcoming
the bad times, not running away.
There is no place to run; bad
times are as much a part of mar
riage as clouds are part of the
The rip tide in marriage
usually is encountered within
the first seven years. This doesn’t
mean that if seven years are
weathered aU will be sunshine
from then on. It does mean that
if the crises of the first seven
years are met and surmounted,
a stronger marriage—«nd a hap
pier one—will have been built.
(Continued on Page A-15, Col. 2.)
Little Chance Seen
For Flanders Move
Against McCarthy
Knowland Criticizes
Effort to Strip Senator
Os His Chairmanship
By Gould Lincoln
The Flanders resolution to
strip Senator McCarthy of his
committee chairmanships ap
; peared yesterday to have little
chance of adoption.
Senate Republican Leader
Knowland sharply criticized the
Wisconsin G. O. P. Convention Lauds
Senator McCarthy. Page A-3
Cohn-Kennedy Row May Put New
Problem Before Senators. Page A-3
proposal made by Senator Flan
ders. Vermont Republican, on
the grounds that it would dis
rupt orderly procedure in the
Senate, that it might interfere
j with the Eisenhower legislative
program if brought up now, and
that no such resolution should
have been offered until the hear
j Ings on the Army-McCarthy row
I had been concluded and the
committee had written a report.
He was critical, too, because
Senator Flanders had not con
sulted the Senate leadership be
fore offering his resolution.
Democrats in the Senate made
it clear they were not going to
interfere in what they consid
i ered a “family affair” of the Re
-1 publican Party. A belief was ex
pressed that, even if the Flan
! ders resolution could be brought
[ to a vote, a majority of the Dem
ocrats would vote against it, not
because they approved of Sen
ator McCarthy, but because the
proposed action would be con
j trary to the practices of the
Will Demand Action.
Notwithstanding Senator
Knowland’s opposition. Senator
Flanders said he would demand
action on his resolution, unless
Senator McCarthy should agree
to answer questions about his
financial transaction raised in a
1952 report of a Senate sub
“I agree,” said Senator Flan
ders, “that this is embarrassing
The Star in co-operation with WMAL
TV, continues sponsorship ot tele
vision coverage of the Army-McCar
thy hearings during the coming week.
Proceedings will be telecast each
morning, beginning tomorrow at 10
a.m. For complete television cover
age of the hearings, turn to Channel
to the Republican leadership.
It’s past time for them to be
talking like that now.”
Senator Flanders added that
the Republicans should have
been thinking about the issue
and the motion against the Wis
consin Senator months ago.
“I have not consulted anybody
on my speeches dealing with the j
junior Senator from Wisconsin j
(McCarthy),” he said. “If I did ;
consult them they might talk me !
out of giving the speeches.”
Senator Flanders, who has
made three anti - McCarthy
speeches recently, said his office
had received a large number of
telegrams since his latest one
and the introduction of his reso
“The big majority of the tele
grams,” Senator Flanders de
clared, “are favorable.”
Calls Move a Mistake.
But Senator Knowland said in
an interview:
“I told Senator Flanders it was
a mistake to put in a resolution
:of that kind, at this time and
without consulting the leaders
(See HEARING. Page A-3.)
Cuba Curbs Reds
HAVANA, Cuba, June 12 C/P).
The Official Gazette published
today a decree empowering the
: State Department to deny pass
ports to Communists. The de
cree also provided penalties for
any transportation companies al
loting space to travelers without
valid passports.
WASHINGTON, D. Ci, JUNE 13, 1954—202 PAGES.
Laniel Retained
Briefly Despise
Loss of Vote
Coty Seeks Answer
To Big Question
| Os 'What Next?'
By Crosby S. Noyes
Foreign Correspondent of Tho Star
i PARIS, June 12.—Lights are
burning tonight at the Elysee
, Palace.
i Passersby turn and stare at a
• succession of cars entering and
. Klll-or-Cure Remedy Sought to Break
I Deadlock at Geneva. Page A-4
j Viet Namese Militia Helps Defeat Reds
! j 15 Miles From Hanoi. Page A-4
: leaving the courtyard of the
\ presidential mansion. By the
* front steps a handful of pho
tographers wait hopefully.
! Inside the President of the
' republic, Rene Coty, is closeted
1 with top French political leaders
- trying to find the answer to the
’ question: Where does France go
■ from here?
The same question is being de
. bated all over Paris tonight—in
elegant salons, in shabby bistros,
in offices filled with tired politi
cians and other offices filled with
tired newsmen. And from Presi
dent Coty down to the lowliest
political novice, there are no
answers to the question.
Even to define the present sit
uation takes a certain mental
agility. Frenchmen who have
spent years in the business are
arguing heatedly over the sub
tleties of the day’s events. But
the main points are clear.
Resignation Held Up.
Premier Joseph Laniel and all
other members of the French
Government have offered their
resignations. President Coty has
asked for a 48-hour delay for
“reflection.” At the end of this
time an official announcement is
to be made on whether or not the
resignations are accepted. From
there, speculation takes over. It
is believed that Mr. Coty already
is deeply engaged in the task of
finding a new government—some
new political team which could
| win the support of the required
; 314 deputies. If he succeeds
within the next 48 hours, it is
inevitable that Premier Laniel’s
resignation will be accepted. The
question is what happens if he
doesn’t succeed? If, as seems
likely, no new formula seems
workable, what will the President
It’s a question of sorting out
what is technically possible from
what is politically feasible. And
the process is not easy.
Technically, Mr. Laniel doesn’t
have to resign. True, he was
defeated on a vote of confidence
by a vote of 306 to 393 in the
National Assembly. But accord
! ing to the constitution, it takes
an absolute majority—3l4 votes
! —to overthrow the government,
i In offering his resignation, Pre
mier Laniel followed the cus
tomary procedure. From a prac
tical standpoint, it is almost im
possible for a government to
remain in power after losing the
support of a majority of the
assembly. Still, if the national
interest demands it, there is
nothing to prevent President
Coty from refusing to accept the
May Be Asked to Stay.
If no new government can be
formed between now and Mon
day, it is possible that Premier
Laniel will be asked to stay on.
It is unlikely, however, that he
would agree to an indefinite con
tinuation of the present state
of affairs. In the first place, suc
cessive votes in the assembly
make it virtually impossible for
the government to act. In the
second place, a number of indi
, viduals, including the Secretary
of Interior, are reported ready
to quit under any circumstances.
One persistent rumor suggests
that if Mr. Laniel gets the nod
(Continued on Page A-2, Col. 1.)
Managers Map
For G. O. P. vs.
Four Senators
Scheduled to Play
Tuesday Night
The fussin’ and the feudin’
over the congressional baseball
game which will be played Tues
day night at Griffith Stadium for
the benefit of The Evening Star’s
Summer Camp fund has about
run its course.
Representative Syd Herlong of
Florida, manager of the Demo
cratic team and Representative
Runt Bishop of Hlinois, Repub
lican manager, are devoting this
week end to strategy planning.
Players on both teams are
eager, willing and fit, the latter
adjective being used rather
loosely, to get down to the serious
business of the game.
This year a precedent is be
ing set with four Senators on the
eligible lists of the two teams.
Runt Bishop has three—Sen
ator Payne of Maine, a control;
pitcher with an eagle eye and I
arm to match; Senator Case of I
South Dakota who will share
left field duties with Represent
ative Ayres of Ohio, last year’s
; Kansans Croon Best Tunes,
Win Barbershop Quartet Title
Harmonizers Even Out-Warble
Four Trilling Texans in Sonqfest
By Richard Rodgers
The Orphans, four young
| harmonizers from Wichita,
. Kans., won the world’s cham- I
pionship in barbershop quartet
\ singing here last night.
The new champs, two aged
| 25, one 27 and one 24, socked
into “When the Bell in the
’ Lighthouse Rings Ding-Dong,”
1 and then muted the bass but
! not the bounce with a medley
1 of “Somebody Stole My Gal”
■ and “Five Feet Two.”
The songfest was the grace
| note to the international con
■ vention of the Society for the
Preservation and Encourage
ment of Barbershop Singing in
: [ America.
1 j Talk Wins an Angel.
In spite of the depressing heat,
| almost every seat, was occupied
; in Constitution Hall.
The winners adopted the
Air Raid Drill
To Halt Traffic
When the air raid horns sound
j at 10:01 a.m. tomorrow, every
thing on Washington's streets is
I supposed to stop for ten minutes,
i until 10:11 a.m.
I Shortly thereafter, under the
i theory of Federal Civil Defense
Other Raid Details, See Page A-7.
i Administration plans for a na
-1 tion-wide air raid drill affecting
139 American and Canadian
cities, Washington will be hit by
a bomb equal to 100.00 G tons of
TNT—five times as powerful as
the one that wrecked Hiroshima.
In theory, the FCDA says, the
heart of the Capital will be
swept by a fire storm. There will
be 287,000 casualties and nearly
400,000 will need extensive medi
cal attention, although two
thirds of the hospitals will be
out of commission. About 100,-
! 000 persons will need food,
shelter and first aid—at least in
the make-believe plans of the
As a part of the drill, opera
tion of streetcars will be stopped.
So will buses. Nobody will be
permitted to leave them.
Automobiles are to park at
once. Pedestrians are to take
cover in any building open to
the public or in doorways.
> Final Strategy
Democrats Tilt
More Contributions
To Star Camp Fund
Are Acknowledged
The following new con
tributions to The Evening ,
Star Summer Camp Fund
are acknowledged:
Previously Acknowledged $4,091.43
Anonymous . - 2.00
Employes Union Trust Co. 26.00 i
Mr and Mrs. J. E. Sauer
hoff. Robert Sauerhoff 35.72
Always Be Curteoua Club.
Store No 6 Giant Pood
Shopping Center. Inc. 200.00
Margo Luclle Lee 17.86
Anonymous _ 20.00
Theta Pi Sorority Gamma
Chapter 10.00
Anonymous - 35.72 |
Mr and Mrs. James E Noe 17.86
Total to date $4,456 59
spectacular star, and Senator
; Welker of Idaho, also listed as a
j pitcher.
Syd Herlong has placed the
name of Senator Magnuson v of
; Washington on his list although
i there are rumors that he’s just .
going along for the ride. The
Senator is a third baseman but;
i will have a tough job bumping
' Representative Laurie Battle of
Alabama out of his Job at the'
(See BALL OAME, Page A-5.) 1
“Orphans” title when they ,
couldn't find any one to sponsor ;
them. They have a sponsor now, {
by the way. One of them talked
his boss into acting as angel.
Members include O. H. (Bud)
Bigham, tenor, an insurance
salesman; Robert Groom, the
lead, an auto salesman; Perry
(Pete) Tyree, baritone, a civil
engineer, and Jay Bond, bass,
an aeronautical engineer.
Second place went to the Four
Hearsemen, a quartet of fu
nereally costumed but gleeful
tonsiled Texans from Amarillo.
They include an undertaker i
and three men who got tneir
singing experience intoning j
dirges at funerals.
Wearing mourning-type morn
ing clothes, they paced onstage i
in slow step. Then they sailed
joyously in “There’s Always j
Room at Our House” and “I d
Love to Live in Dreamland.”
Canadians in 3rd Place.
The Toronto, Canada,
Rhythmaires won third place.
Their selections included “When
You Come to the End of a Per
fect Day” and a medley about
Fourth place was won by the
Lytle Brothers, of Sharon, Pa., 1
who also favored dreaming, with
“Drifting Back to Dreamland”,
and “I’m Going Home.”
The Sacramento (Calif.) states
men finished fifth. They sang
i “Let’s Fall in Love Again,” and
a medley including “Smiles,”
“Happy Days Are Here Again”
and "Pack Up Your Troubles in
Your Old Kit Bag.”
Audience Warbles, Too.
Between quartets, the society !
received a certificate of esteem
from the Department of De
fense. The scroll was presented
for the group’s sponsorship of
quartet visits to troops in Africa,
Europe, Korea and Japan.
And, of course, the audience, !
barbershoppers all, also sang last
It was probably the first time j
a Constitution Hall audience,
standing up to sing “America,
The Beautiful,” was quite in i
Rifle Fire Wounds 2
Near Times Square
By th« Associated Press
! NEW YORK. June 12.—Eight
J rifle bullets whistled across a
' crowded intersection from a
j hotel window tonight, felling a i
| man and injuring a woman 1
standing outside Madison Square
Garden. j
At the same time, police said, j
someone set off a string of fire- j
crackers on the corner, masking
the noise of the gunfire. .
Many passersby on the ;
crowded sidewalks at Eighth ;
avenue and 50th street, a few
blocks from Times Square, were 1
unaware of the shooting.
Police soon found the room in j l
1 a hotel, across the intersection 1
1 from the big sports arena, from i
. which the shots were fired. Police t
! found a 30-30 rifle abandoned
j there. 1
No motive for the bizarre inci- i
dent was discovered immediately. <
| Police said a man, described i
only as olive-skinned and wear
ing a mustache, who had rented <
the hotel room, escaped after (
j the shooting. |,
James Murphy, 35, was criti- j
cally injured. Ann McCann, 55,
was struck in the face by frag
ments of a ricocheting bullet, i
Both are from New York.
Chou Sees Swiss Leaders j
BERN. Switzerland, June 12 i
(•£*). Communist China's pre- j t
mier and foreign minister, Chou t
En-lai, was received today by, ]
■ Swiss President Roldolphe Ru- | c
battel and Foreign Minister Max , ■
t Petitpierre in a "courtesy visit.” j b
An Associated Press Newspaper
Senators io Examine
Bad Faith Implication
In D. C. Payment Cut
Dirksen Promises
To Study Commitment
To Full S2O Million
By John W. Stepp
Implications that the House
Appropriations Committee com-,
mitted a breach of faith with the
District by failing to approve the
full authorized S2O million Fed- j
eral payment toward the city’s j
upkeep in fiscal 1955 will be
examined closely by the Senate, j
That such a scrutiny is clearly !
in the books was indicated yes
terday by Chairman Dirksen of
the Senate Appropriations Sub
committee on District Appro
-1 priations and Senator Hill, Dem
ocrat, of Alabama, ranking mi
nority member of the same
The $4 million payment slash,
with its corresponding cutbacks
in budget estimates to a $168.4
million total, is headed for a
House floor fight tomorrow after
noon. The District’s friends in
the House are laying plans to
fire the opening guns for restor
ing the slashes—and they will
be aiming particularly at the
Federal payment cutback.
Whatever the disposition of
the appropriation bill on the
House floor tomorrow, the Sen
ate Appropriations Subcommit
tee is due to begin its public
hearings on the 1955 appropria
tion bill by the middle of the
Citizens Aroused.
Citizens who intended to tes
; tify before the Senate group as
a matter of course are now un
! derstood to be in a fighting
mad mood to intensify their ar
guments as a result of the House
committee action.
The galling thing to citizens
and congressional partisans alike
is that it was less than a month
; ago that the House, the Senate
and the Administration approved
, with scarcely a murmur of dis
sent the authorization of a S2O
; million Federal payment to help
finance the city’s 10-year $305
million public works program,
i The architects of this provi
| sion plainly designed the S2O
million Federal payment as an
obligation of the Federal Gov
ernment to meet something like
halfway the agreement that local j
taxpayers would put up nearly '
sls million in higher annual ;
taxes to support the long-lag
ging building program.
The tax increases were put
into effect by President Eisen- |
hower’s signature. This, however, !
only authorized—did not order—
the $9 million Federal payment
increase to S2O million.
Dirksen Pledges Co-operation.
Civic leaders instrumental in
drafting the works program have
already branded the House com
mittee recommendations as
“welshing” on Congress’ bargain
with District residents.
Senate leaders, for reasons of
propriety if nothing else, stated
the proposition in more re
strained tones. Declared Sena
tor Dirksen:
“I shall look very carefully into
what appears to be a commit- j
ment (on the part of Congress) '
on the size of the Federal pay
“If the public works bill is a!
commitment and involves a
question of good faith you know
very well that I shall be very
(See BUDGET, Page A-5.)
Pittsburgh Strike Ends
PITTSBURGH, June 12 (JP).—
A 35-day strike by AFL bus and
trolley operators on the city’s
main public transportation sys
tem ended today with the work
ers agreeing to a new basic hour
ly wage of $2.01, a 9-cent in
crease. The new rate is the high
est In the country, equalled only
by Boston's.
Basic Mathematics
Two educators fire sincere criticism of
basic mathematics in our schools. Last of
a series on “What’s Wrong With Our
Page A-10.
Survey Urged
As First Step in
Fight on Slums
New License Director
Would Co-ordinate
All Housing Plans
By Miriam Ottenberg
A city-wide housing survey
to show what slum blocks can be
rehabilitated and which ones
need to be replaced is being
proposed as an early project in
the city’s reorganized attack on
slums, it was learned last night.
Under plans being drawn up
by the Department of General
Administration, the housing sur
vey, the planning that stems
from it and the coordination of
all agencies in the housing pic
ture would be the job of the in
coming director of the Depart
ment of Licenses and Inspec
The Commissioners last week
decided to consolidate all hous
ing inspection and enforcement
in a housing division in Li
censes and Inspections. They
left details to be worked out by
the Department of General Ad
Decision is Praised.
Yesterday, the Washington
Housing Association wrote Gen
eral Administration Director
Schuyler Lowe praising the Com
missioner’s decision and adding:
“We hope that you, in working
out the details of the new setup,
, will make the ‘chain of com
mand’ a very clear-cut assign
ment of responsibility,
“In other words, we believe
that the head of the Housing
Division should be made respon
sible to the director of the De
partment of Licenses and In
spections, who in turn should be
j responsible to the Commission
ers and should be empowered to
’ deal directly with other depart
ment heads when required.”
Warns on Short-Cuts.
The letter warned against
j “making possible dangerous de
j viations to satisfy one faction or
| another, or using short-cuts be
cause of any emergency situa
“So long as a sound and logi
cal foundation is established for
Washington's program of hous
ing enforcement," the letter con
cluded, “and so long as there is
present an honest intent on the
part of public officials to carry
I out this program without fear
or favor, and without any un
| necessary delay whatsoever, the
; people of this city will have cause
to be deeply grateful to their
1 Commissioners who have brought
this about.”
Draft Being Prepared.
Asked for comment on the let
ter, Mr. Lowe said the draft now
being prepared for action of the
Commissioners follows this pat
j tern:
The Housing Division of Li
censes and Inspections would be
the enforcement agency for the
housing code now being pre
pared as well as such related
codes as those covering rooming
houses and tenements. It would
recommend regulations and
changes in existing regulations.
The Director of Licenses and
Inspections and his immediate
staff would do the planning in
the housing field and would be
responsible for co-ordinating all
the efforts directed toward slum
clearance and rehabilitation.
Mr. Lowe pointed out that a
number of agencies play major
roles in housing. There is the
(See SLUMS, Page A-2.)
2 Cling to Canoe
More Than Hour
Before Rescue
An Arlington man and his son
' clung to their overturned canoe
for more than an hour yesterday
afternoon in the Potomac River
i until a Harbor Precinct patrol
boat arrived to rescue them. Both
j were unhurt.
For more than an hour they
clung to the upside-down craft
while other boats sped by un
heedingly. Police also retrieved
the canoe and outboard motor.
The victims were Henry W.
Henderson sr„ 48. and Henry
jr.. 23, both of 2409 North Ken
tucky street. They were spilled
in midstream, about 100 yards
north of National Airport.
James Bumgarner. 23, of 932
South Buchanan street, Arling
ton, fishing from the river bank,
saw the accident and telephoned
harbor police.
Moscow Has Heat Wave
MOSCOW, June 12 (JP).—Mos
cow is having a heat wave. The
mercury climbed to 87.8 degrees
yesterday, the hottest June 11 in
74 years, and it was just as hot
j Big Mobilization Now
Urged by Army Chiefs
100,000 A MONTH—The Army is
urging the Whit* House to step up
mobilization plans, including 100,000
new draftees a month, before flip
end of Juna in order to cop* with our
commitments in Asio. Star Staff
Writer Ears H. Voss reveals tha Army
plan in an nrticla on Pagt A-29.
Complete Index, Page A-2
Rodio-TV Programs, Pages E-6-7

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