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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 14, 1954, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Fair tonight, low about 68. Tomorrow
cloudy and wjurm with high about 94. (Full
report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight. 76 6 a.m... 69 11am... 83
tarn... 72 8a.m... 74 Noon 86
4 a.m... 70 10 a.m... 81 1p.m... 88
An Associated Press Newspaper
102 d Year.. No. 165. Phone ST. 3-5000
Adams Offered!’
Schine favors,
Carr Testifies
Probe Told Draftee
Was Referred To
As 'Our Hostage'
By James Y. Newton and
John A. Giles
Frarfcis P. Carr said today a
high Army official repeatedly
“dangled" favors for Pvt. G.
David Schine in front of Mc-
Carthy investigators in an effort j
to get the Senate Investigations
subcommittee to call off its
hearing of alleged Communist
infiltration of the Army.
Mr. Carr, pudgy staff director
of the McCarthy committee and
The Star, in co-operation with
WMAL-TV, sponsors television cov
erage of the Army-McCarthy hear
ings each day, beginning at 10 a.m.
For complete television coverage of
the hearings turn to Channel 7,
former FBI agent, testified at
the Senate hearing on the
Army-McCarthy row in the tem
porary absence from the witness
stand of Senator McCarthy. The
Senator came to the hearing
room, at midmorning, however,
after a delay in returning from !
a speaking engagement in the
Midwest. He had been under |
examination when the inquiry
recessed Friday.
Adams Named by Carr.
It was Army Counsel John G.
Adams, a principal in the hear
ingr whom Mr. Carr accused of
offering favors to Pvt. Schine in
return for the calling-off by ;
Senator McCarthy of the hear
ing on alleged Communists at,
the Army’s secret Fort Mon
mouth, N. J., radar laboratories.
Pvt. Schine, former unpaid Mc-
Carthy consultant, was drafted i
in the Army last November 2.
Mr. Carr’s testimony flatly '
contradicts sworn testimony giv
en earlier by Mr. Adams.
“Close to Perjury.”
As the hearing recessed for
lunch, Senator Jackson, Demo
crat, of Washington said the
contradictions of Mr. Carr “come
close to raising the issue of per
jury” between the two opposing
Senator Symington, Democrat,
of Missouri, after hearing Mr.
Carr’s testimony and comparing ,
it with that of Mr. Adams, said:
“Somebody is lying.”
Mr. Carr said Mr. Adams re
peatedly referred to Pvt. Schine
following his induction at Fort
Dix, N. J., as “our hostage.” He
said also that Army Secretary
Stevens complained that if the
“embarrassing” Fort Monmouth
probe wasn't ended it might cost
him his job.
Mr. Carr said that on Novem- j
ber 24 Mr. Adams told him that
Pvt. Schine might not get a
Thanksgiving week - end pass
from Fort Dix if the Army
“didn’t get some good word”
about the Fort Monmouth probe.
Talk On Train Ride.
Mr. Carr described a lengthy
conversation he had with Mr.
Adams on a train ride from New
York to Washington Novem
ber 25.
He quoted Mr. Adams as say- !
lng that if the McCarthy com- j
mittee “could be a little nicer” to
the Army then perhaps the
Army “could be a little nicer to
Pvt. Schine.”
Mr. Carr said he felt the Army
counsel was “bargaining” for an
end of the Fort Monmouth in
vestigation and was “dangling
favors for Schine in front of us.”
The McCarthy staff director
also referred to the McCarthy
charges that Secretary Stevens
and Mr. Adams attempted to
divert the committee-’s investi
gation to the Air Force and
Navy. He quoted Roy M. Cohn,
McCarthy committee counsel, as
(See HEARING, Page A-3.)
Prentiss Is Nominated
For Permanent Rank
Brig. Gen. Louis W. Prentiss,
District Engineer Commissioner,
today was nominated by Presi
dent Eisenhower to the perma
nent rank of brigadier general.
Gen. Prentiss is now a colonel
in the Regular Army holding the
temporary rank of brigadier
Star Want Ad Sells
Freezer First Day
Climbing temperatures, Stor Clas
sified and a need for just the item
advertised no doubt prompted many
people to call Mrs. J. N., who wanted
to sell a food freezer. She ran a
small, inexpensive ad in Stor Clas
sified with quick results. She found
the right buyer the first day her ad
If you have something to buy,
trade or sell, tell the long-established
audience of Stor -eaders about it.
Tell it more effectively by letting a
Star ad-taker assist you in writing
your ad.
Because it produces the best re
sults The Star publishes more classi
fied ads than the other Washington
newspapers combined.
Phone Sterling 3-5000 and ask for
an ad-taker.
Young Certified as Winner
Os Battle for N. Y. Central
White Promises His Co-operation
in Effecting Orderly Transition
By the Associated Press 1
ALBANY, N. Y., June 14. ]
Financier Robert R. Young was
officially certified today as the '
winner of the bitter war for con
trol of the New York Central
The election inspectors an
nounced that the 15-member
slate of directors put up by the
Young forces had won by a mar
gin of approximately 1,064,000
shares over the Central man
agement’s present board, headed
by President William White.
The Young group received an
average of more than 3,407,000
and the management group
slightly less than 2,340,000.
(In New York City Mr.
Young and other members of
the new Board of Directors
posed for photographers in
front of the Central’s head
quarters on Park avenue. Mr.
Young called a news confer
ence for midafternoon to re
port on plans for the new
management takeover.)
White to Co-operate.
Mr. White, who presided at 1
the reconvened session of the
annual meeting of. the stock
holders, announced that “I will
not remain as president of New
York Central. I will, neverthe
less, co-operate with the new
group in effecting an orderly
Mr. White, who received a
salary of $120,000 a year, was
asked by a reporter whether he
intended to resign. He replied:
“Do you think that is neces
He obviously was referring to
the fact that the new slate of 14
men arid one woman would meet j
French Ratification
Os EDC Held Likely j
Despite Laniel Fall
U. S. Aide Sees Defeat
Os Premier Related
More to Indo-China
By J. A. O'Leary
Assistant Secretary of State
Livingston Merchant told the
Senate Foreign Relations Com
mittee today the chances of
France ratifying the European
j Defense Community art excellent
despite the -fall of the Laniel
Acting Chairman Smith, Re
publican, of New Jersey, said the
committee was given to under
stand that the vote in the French
Assembly Saturday was related
more to the Indo-China war
than to EDC.
Mr. Merchant testified in I
closed session that three of the |
four French conditions for ac- j
tion on EDC have been met. The j
only one not settled is the dis- |
position of the Saar issue with
Assembly Recesses Next Month.
The difficulty regarding EDC
lies in bringing it to a vote be
fore the French assembly takes
its summer recess in mid-July,
| Mr. Merchant said.
The State Department official
| recommended that the foreign
aid law be amended so that
American assistance would be
withheld from countries which
have not ratified EDC, but given
to those countries which have
ratified. This would require a
change in the Richards Amend
ment of last year, under which
American aid soon will be with
held from any of the six EDC
countries unless all of them
France and Italy are the only
countries where action still is
required. Mr. Merchant said
Italy is expected to act as soon
as France approves EDC.
Gruenther Testifies.
On the other side of the Capi
i tol, meanwhile, Gen. Alfred M.
Gruenther, Supreme Allied Com
mander in Europe, declared that
Russian military forces have been
i “improved and modernized” and
reported “a considerable buildup
of forces” by Soviet satellite
The general appeared before
the House Foreign Affairs Com
imittee in closed session. Like Mr.
; Merchant, he testified in connec
, tion with the hearings on the
I mutual security program for
11955. He was to go before the
! Senate group later in the day.
Chairman Chiperfield issued a
brief statement coveming the
general’s testimony in its broad
aspects. He did not indicate
whether the witness provided de
tails on just how the Soviet
forces were being modernized.
According to Mr. Chiperfield,
Gen. Gruenther also reported
that a current study being made
by his headquarters indicates
that the availability of atomic
weapons will not permit a reduc
tion in allied forces in Europe.
75 Horses Die in Fire
CHICAGO. June 14 (A I).—Sev
enty-five horses died last night
in a fire which destroyed the new
Parkway Riding Stables on the
North Side.
John Klein, owner of the
stable, estimated the loss at
SIOO,OOO. No one was reported
©he %bmm
this afternoon and elect a new
president. 1
Mr. Young’s choice is expected
to be Alfred E. Perlman, execu
tive vice pjresident of the Den
ver Sc Rio Grande Western Rail
Reject Voting Plan.
Central stockholders, by a vote
of 3,153,557 to 540,580, rejected
a proposal for cumulative voting
for directors henceforth. The
stockholders also rejected a pro
posal for changing the date of
the annual meeting from the
last Wednesday in May to the
last Thursday in the same
month. The vote was 2,400,531
against and 477,662 for.
Both proposals had been of
ferred at the annual meeting
here May 26 by Mrs. Wilma Boss
of New York City, who owns 10 !
shares of Central stock.
Today’s meeting was held in
the hot, humid office of the gen
eral secretary in the railroad sta
tion. The windows were closed
and the shades were drawn in
anticipation of an air-raid drill.
The three.law school profes
sors who formed the election
inspection board attended the
meeting. They were John Hanna
of Columbia University, William
Miller of Syracuse University and
Covington Hardee of Harvard.
Their tabulation showed that
Clint W. Murchison, Texas mil
lionaire, led the Young slate with
Young and Kirby Next.
Mr. Young was next with 3.-
407,512 votes. Allen P. Kirby, his
top-ranking associate in the
four-month battle to gain con
trol of the $2.6 billion Central
(See CENTRAL, Page A-16.)
New Cabinet Sought
As Mendes-France
Accepts Cofy Bid
Choice for Laniel Post
Wants to Negotiate
Indo-China Peace
By tha AincilM Pr*M
PARIB, June 14. —Pierre
Mendes-France, who wants to
negotiate with Ho Chi Minh to
end the war in Indo-China,
agreed today to try to form
France’s 20th postwar cabinet.
Many political figures doubted
whether the 47-year-old economic
France. Has Had 19 Cabinets and 13
Premiers in 10 Years. Page A-16
and financial expert could get a
majority in the divided Na
tional Assembly to go along with
his policy, which calls for
cutting down expenditures in
Indo-China and slowing down
France’s military buildup in
Mr. Mendes-France was nomi
nated last night by President
Rene Coty to succeed retiring
Premier Joseph Laniel, defeated
Saturday in a National Assembly
confidence vote.
Mr. Mendes-France is a leader
of the Assembly’s Radical Social
ist (moderate) bloc which was
credited with bringing down the
Laniel government. Following
normal procedure, he was the
first person called on to try to
form a replacement.
Resignation Delayed for Day.
Mr. Coty delayed accepting
Mr. Laniel’s resignation for a
i day. It was believed he did not
want France to be without a
government over the week end
in case important decisions were
needed concerning Indo-China.
Mr. Mendes-France’s accept
ance was announced a few min
-1 utes after he called on the Presi
dent today at the Elysee Palace
(France’s White House). He had
conferred with Mr. Coty at
length last night on the political
The new premier-designate
now must consult various party
leaders in an attempt to rally
sufficient support to ensure his
confirmation by the Assembly.
He failed by 13 votes to gain
confirmation as premier during
last summer’s 37-day govern
ment crisis. That crisis was
finally resolved by the selection
of Mr. Laniel, who served just
two weeks short of a year.
Sharp Critic of LanieL
Mr. Mendes-France has been
a sharp critic of the Laniel ad
ministration. He has insisted
that France must make the best
bargain possible with the Com
munist-led Viet Minh in Indo-
China and concentrate on build
ing up her strength in Europe.
He also is a staunch advocate
of cuts in military spending and
government economy as a~ way to
get the nation back on her fi
nancial feet. He insists that only
after France has a healthy econ
omy can she make her full con
tribution to Western defense.
In seeking Assembly confirma
tion as Premier last year. Mr.
Mendes-France said he would
support the European Defense
Community Treaty. French
ratification of the pact, which
would rearm West Germans in a
six-nation army, has been sty
mied by heavy opposition from
; many quarters in the Assembly.
Until confirmation of a new
government, Mr. Laniel and his
ministers run their departments
on a caretaker basis.
House Adopts
Bill for Bridge
At Jones Point
Work Slated When
Virginia, Maryland
Take Fund Steps
By Don S. Warren
The House today passed and
sent to the Senate a bill author
izing the construction of a $24.2
million bridge over the Potomac j
from Jones Point, Alexandria, to
Maryland below the District line.!
The construction would be per
formed by the District Govern
ment, with the major cost to be
borne by the United States, but
no work could be started until
and if both Maryland and Vir
ginia have taken steps to assure
they would meet their share of
the cost of the project, mostly
for the building of approach
The District also would be re
quired in due course, to pay for
the cost of District roads con
necting with Maryland highways
leading to the Washington by
pass span.
This, one of 13 measures, swept
to approval in 14 minutes at the
opening of today’s House ses
On none of the bills was there
any contest and only on one or
two was there even a call for a
verbal explanation.
Law School Merger.
These would:
Permit Columbus University
Law School to merge with
Catholic University under agree
ments already made by the trus
tees of the two institutions.
Increase penalties for the un
licensed practice of medicine in
the District to bring them more
in line with penalties for such
practices in other professions
and trade groups.
Permit the District Govern
ment to employ persons who
have served time for felonies as
part of a rehabilitation program.
Permit the District Govern
ment to sell an unused water
filled rock quarry in Mont
gomery County.
Other Measures Adopted.
Other bills passed by the
House, which now will be sent to
the Senate for consideration,
Amendment of the District
Omnibus Crime Act to permit
judges of the U. S. District
Court for the District of Colum
bia to call on a District psychia
trist or Health psychologist in
cases where the court has doubt
about the sanity of a defendant.
United States Attorney Leo A.
Rover and spokesmen for the
court have given assurances this
would be used only in rare cases.
Allow the District assessor to
employ not more than two of his
assistant assessors from the
Metropolitan Area instead of be
ing required to employ only Dis
trict residents.
Prohibit picketing near the
White House.
Exempt from the District real
estate tax a new headquarters
to be built here by the Veterans
of Foreign Wars.
Let police, firemen and teachers
waive all or part of their pen
sions so as to become eligible for
social security.
Permit investiment by insur
ance companies in the securities
of the International Bank of
Reconstruction and Redevolp
Allow the payment of trust ac
counts in building and loan and
savings associations to bene
ficiaries in the case of the death
of a trustee before that of the
Drop the requirement that
metal badges, as well as licenses,
must be issued to taxi drivers.
Man, 68, Badly Burned
As Matches Ignite Shirt
A Mount Rainier (Md.) man
was badly burned today when his
shirt caught fire while lighting
a cigarette.
i Jeremiah Dullea, 68. of 4531
, Thirty-second street, was taken
to George Washington Univer
: sity Hospital after the accident
about 9:30 a.m. The hospital
i said his condition was serious,
i According to members of the
i Brentwood Rescue Squad, who
took him to the hospital, the
shirt caught fire after a pack of
matches ignited. They said the
i shirt was burned completely off
' Mr. Dullea.
Eisenhower Walks to Shelter
With 30 Key Members of Staff
President Eisenhower walked
to an underground shelter with
about 30 key members of his
stall when the air raid sirens
sounded the alarm in today’s
Nearly 400 other members of
the White House office and
household staffs went into an
other part of the shelter. Mrs.
Eisenhower joined the Presi
dent and his personal staff in
! the presidential section, where
the staff has emergency working
White House Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty told reporters
the staff tried out “the
Ir 11 “This is the land where hate should die,' "•
- No feuds of faith, no spleen of race,
wp 1 No darkly-brooding fear should try
j ~ Beneath our flag to find a place!”
Motto for Flag Day
Verdict Acquitting
Fulton Lewis, Jr.,
Ordered by Judge
Key Witness Refuses
To Testify at Trial
Os Libel Charges
cial).—Howard County Circuit
Judge James Clark today di
rected a verdict of acquittal in
the case of Radio Commenta
tor Fulton Lewis, jr„ on
charges of criminal libel.
By J. L. Michael
Star Staff Correspondent
14. —A key witness who refused
to testify today caught - the
State by surprise and forced a
recess in the trial of Radio Com
mentator Fulton Lewis, jr.. on a
criminal libel indictment trans
ferred here from St. Marys
Sheridan Fahnestock, listed as
owner of the Enterprise, a St.
Marys County weekly newspa- j
per which last July 23 published
a letter allegedly libelling State
Senator Paul J. Bailey, Repub- i
lican, of St. Marys County, in
voked the fifth amendment and
refused to testify on the ground j
his answers might tend to in
criminate him.
Howard County Judge James
Clark, hearing the ‘case before
an all-male jury, sustained Mr.
Fahnestock’s refusal.
St. Marys County State’s At
torney Joseph A. Mattingly then
announced that “the State is
taken by surprise” and asked an
hour’s recess. Judge Clark
granted his request.
Arrives 40 Minutes Later.
Trial of the case was delayed
about 40 minutes awaiting Mr.
Fahnestock’s arrival, the first
of about 13 witnesses the State
planned to call.
“What Is your connection with
The Enterprise?” Mr. Mattingly
asked Mr. Fahnestock when he
took the Witness stand. Mr.
Fahnestock declined to answer.
Mr. Fahnestock testified the
Enterprise was owned by a cor
poration at the time the al
legedly libelous material was
published. A copy of the issue
containing the Lewis statement
was produced in court.
Refuses to Reply.
Mr. Mattingly, forced with
necessity of proving that the
i letter was written by Mr. Lewis,
and that the commentator asked
that it be published, said to Mr.
“Did you receive a letter from
Fulton Lewis, jr.?”
“I refuse to answer,” Mr.
Fahnestock replied.
Sustaining his refusal. Judge
Clark said: “If Mr. Lewis is
guilty of libel, this man is too,
I (See LEWIS. Page A-16.)
types of communications” avail
able for use in emergency.
By special teletype the White
House was in communication
during the drill with Western
Union offices in New York,
Chicago and here in Washing
Raucous buzzers placed at
various points in the White
House and its office wings
sounded to signal the beginning
of the test and again later for
the all-clear.
As the President walked back
to his office, a reporter said to
him, “Glad you made it, Mr.
Gen. Eisenhower laughed and
•aid, “Yes, I just did.”
Both Pilots Already Claiming
Victory in Congress Ball Game
Star Hurlers Expected to Be Big Factor
In Outcome of Struggle Tomorrow Night
Rival managers of the Con-, ]
gressional baseball teams spoke i
out today about what will hap- ]
pen tomorrow night at Griffith J
Stadium when the Republicans i
meet the Democrats for the ben- <
efit of The Eyening Star’s sum
mer camp fund. ; (
Representative Herlong of Flor- 1
ida, manager of the Democrats, 1
is confident the unbroken string 1
of Democratic victories during J
the six years in which the game j
has been played will be con- 1
He has some right to be smug '
for back of his star pitcher,
“Crafty” Don Wheeler of Geor
gia, he has Rookie Bill Natcher
of Kentucky who comes to the
game with the best record in (
the minors of any of the pitchers.
There have been some indica- (
tions that quite a bit of the fire ]
which won Representative i
Wheeler the name of “Fireball
Don * has left his pitching arm, ]
but his cunning and control have ,
won him the more complimen- (
tary title of "Crafty Don.” j
Representative “Runt” Bishop
of Illinois, the Republican man- j i
ager, whose never-say-die spirit :
has each year brought a predic- ;'
tion of Republican victory, is
more than usually confident this
His star pitcher, Representa- ;
tive Davis of Wisconsin, is in
4 Sentenced as Leaders
Os Revolt in East Reich
By the Associated Press
BERLIN, June 14.—Four Ger
mans charged with leading the
June 17 revolt last year against j
the Soviet zone Communist gov
ernment were sentenced today
to long terms at hard labor.
The East German Supreme
Court imposed 15-year sentences
on Wolfgang Silgradt and Wer
ner Mangelsdorf and gave 10
years to Hans Fueldner and 5
years to Horst Gassa.
The state charged in the three
day trial that the four were the
main organizers of the wide- i
spread rebellion and that they j
| were on the payroll of Western
espionage networks.
Mr. Mangelsdorf was quoted
by the official ADN news agency
as saying another revolt was
planned for late summer or early
fall this year.
The sentencing was-apparently
timed to remind any disgruntled 4
East Germans that it would be
dangerous to note the first an
niversary of the rebellion on
Join the Ranks
Summer Camp Fund \
Contributors Sought
A memorable experience for a
child is a trip away from home
with other kids.
Some Washington children
have no chance for a vacation
like this—or any at all, for that
matter—except through the gen
erosity of kind strangers.
The Star is seeking to raise
funds to send a full quota of
children this summer to the
camps operated by the Summer
1 Outings Committee. Available
money will not cover the cost for
all the youngsters who could be
A check for $35.72 to The Eve
ning Star Summer Camp Fund
will pay for 12 days at camp for
one child. Send or bring your
contribution to the camp fund:
at The Star Building.
Homs Delivery. Monthly Rite*. Evening tnd Sunday. $1.75: S r'TTV r rCJ
Evenlnc* only. $1.30; Bunday only 65c; Nisbt Pinal. 10c Additional ** 10
rare form wiih speed and control
to spare. In addition to being the
pitcher. Representative Davis is
also the star batter and is in the
cleanup position in the batting
The greatest outfielder in the
Congressional League, Represen
tative Ayres of Ohio, has been
shifted from left field to center
field, where he will have more
room to make use of his speed
and throwing arm. Last year his
running, leaping and tumbling
catch of a foul fly deep in left
field was undoubtedly the great- ,
est play in the series of the
game and brought Joe DiMaggio,
a spectator, out of the stand and
into left field to shake his hand.
Mr. Herlong is still trying to
explain away that 7-3 loss to
the Republicans during spring
training at Daytona Beach, but
his explanations sound awfully
The festivities will start at 8
p.m. when the first of the mili
tary units moves onto the field
to start an impressive pageant
including a salute to the States.
Tickets still may be had from
Congressional secretaries and at
Room 724, The Star Building.
They will go on sale tomorrow
morning at Griffith Stadium.
Prices are sl, $1.50 and $2.50.
All proceeds go to the fund to
send underprivileged and crippled
children to camp.
Hot Weather's Here;
No Break in Sight
“Summer’s here,” the weather
forecaster said cheerfully today.
“It’ll be hot and sunny—maybe
92; tomorrow will be hotter—
maybe 94. We’ll have weather
like this until September.
There’s no sign of a break, he
added, “not for a week or two.”
Yesterday started it off with a
roasting 96 degrees at 3:25 p.m.
which broke an 83-year record
for the date of 95. Humidity then
was 36 per cent, the weather bu
reau said.
While it’s not to be so hot today,
the humidity was 68 per cent by
8:30 a.m.
The mercury also broke similar
1 records for June 13 in Richmond,
Va., and Baltimore, Md. Thun
dershowers in the area wet down
some spots briefly but left no of
ficially measurable trace in the
Washington area.
Soldiers’ Home Worker
Is Killed by Tractor
A 44-year-old maintenance
man at Soldiers’ Home died to
day shortly after he was severely
| crushed by a tractor which top-v
: pled over on him during tree
spraying operations at the Home,
j Pronounced lead after he had
been taken to Casualty Hospital
was Ernest Collins, 1787 Colum
bia road N.W.
The accident occurred about
10:30 a.m. Harry Delano of
2909 South Dinwiddie street. Ar
lington. also employed in grounds
work at the home, said Mr. Col
lins was hauling a spraying ma
chine with a small tractor when
the accident happened on a hill
near Harewood road.
Apparently, Mr. Delano said,
in going down the hill the spray
ing machine jack-knifed, turning
the tractor over and pinning the
driver, Mr. Collins, beneath it.
Two Pilots Killed in Korea
SEOUL. June 14 (#).—Two
American pilots were killed yes
terday when their F-84 fighter
bombers collided about 10 miles
southeast of Taegu. The sth
: Air Force withheld names of the
Academic Honors
Washington area students win honors
and degrees at colleges from New Eng
land to California. Teachers, too, win
fellowships for foreign study.
(Page A-7.)
New York Markets, Poges A-22-23
D. C. Ghost City
As Thousands
Go to Shelters
Capital 'Laid Waste 4
By Mock Bombing
In U. S.-Wide Drill
By Herman F. Schaden
Washington became a ghost
city for 10 minutes today while
civilians ducked to cover in an
ticipation nf a mock nuclear
bomb which .supposedly laid
waste to most of the city and
killed thousands.
The “red” alert at 10:01 a.m.
touched off a 24-hour Nation-
Pictures and Sidelights of Air Raid.
Page 1-1
wide civil-defense demonstration
against a hypothetical air assault
by enemy planes which broxe
through the country’s outer de
Given sufficient warning of the
test, residents of the Washing
ton civil-defense perimeter re
sponded swiftly.
Less than a minute after the
sirens wailed, most downtown
streets could have been mistaken
for Tombstone, Ariz.
Civil Defense wardens in white
helmets and arm bands, extra
policemen pressed into service
along with the Police Reserve
Corps, and building guards
quickly ushered pedestrians to
the nearest building shelters.
Traffic Halted.
Compliance was so complete
that any persons seen on F
street during the 10-minute pe
riod looked like intruders on an
empty movie lot.
The hush spread quickly to
vehicular traffic, as all but a
few mavericks pulled cars, trucks
and buses to curbs while passen
gers remained inside awaiting
the all-clear “white” signal at
10:11 a.m.
Out on the highways and in
nearby Maryland and Virginia
traffic everywhere froze in the
same eerie stillness that gripped
the city.
It was as though they were
indeed awaiting the awful con
sequences of a hydrogen or
atomic bomb, which for the pur
poses of this test, was to explode
j over Eleventh and F streets.
However, the time of the blast
was fixed at 12:56 p.m. to con
form to the Nation-wide “at
j tack” at that time.
For the 10-minute alert period,
the Federal Government ope
rated briefly from raid shelters.
At the Pentagon the failure of
the alarm system left some of
the 28,000 employes in doubt,
but wardens quickly got them
to shelters.
Top military leaders, includ
ing Defense Secretary Wilson,
descended to the command post
in the Pentagon’s sub-basement.
Key officials in the Commerce
and Treasury Departments also
i assembled in two secret places.
I At Commerce, a communications
I control post, which henceforth
will be operated 24 hours a day,
went into operation.
In the first fearful shock of
; the blast, 137.000 persons “died”
and 150.000 others were soon to
perish. With another 400.000
persons needing medical atten
tion and 66 per cent of the Dis
trict’s hospitals wiped out, the
civil defense forces had a huge
. job to do.
Downtown Inferno.
An area bounded by New
| Hampshire avenue, Florida av
enue, Sixth street N.E. and Del
, aware avenue was a roaring
; inferno. Ground communications
were obliterated, and at com
mand posts such as the National
Training Center near Olney, Md.,
J chief reliance was on radio.
During the 10-minute alert
period, the District Commis
! sioners and District Civil De
fense Chief John E. Fondahl
toured an area bounded by Four
teenth and Seventh streets and
G street and Pennsylvania ave
nue N.W.
All spoke enthusiastically of
the excellent co-operation of the
public in its first major air-raid
test since World War 11.
Inspector Fondahl noted that
the traffic generally was light
before the sirens sounded, indi
(See AIR RAID, Page A-16.)
No Siren Song Leads
Marriage to Rocks
curvaceous siren is strictly fictional
When the husband falls for tha
"other woman" the marriage is al
ready. on tha rocks, according to
Howord Whitman in his second
article on divorca on Page A-4.
1 { Ervin, jr., is trying to get used to
her husband's title. The wife of
the new North Corolina Senator tells
Star Staff Writer lee Walsh tha
family likes best to discuss politics.
: Page B-3.
Guide for Readers
Amusements 1-12 Lest, Found A-3
Classified. 1-14-20 Music A-12
Comics .. $-22-23 Obituary A-16
Cross-WorA.. $-22 Radio-TV--.. 1-21
i Editorial A-14 Sports — A-19-21
Edit'l Articles A-15 Woman's
Financial- A-22-23 1 Section .. 1-3-6
| Hove The Star Delivered to Your
Home Doily and Sunday
Dial SteHing 3-5000

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