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' With Morniwg NHIm WASHINGTON 4, 'p, C • P ub | ithfd TNI EVENING STAR NEWSPAMft COMPANY Samuel H. KiiHaiw, Freirdent Benjamin M. McKelwey, (Mr. MAIN Off ICE. Ill* SI. one FannsyNonla Me. (4) NEW VOIK: 420 UiinglOfl Am. (17) CHICAGO. 221 N Lo Salle M 'll DETROIT. New Catitat Suit/mg (2) SAN FRANCISCO: Rum tuMurn (4) IOS ANGEIES. 612 S Flower St (14) IUROFEAN BUREAU— FARTS. FRANCE: 2) Rue Pe terrl Delivered by Carrier Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday Monthly.. US* Weekly JOc MontWy Ur Weekly 40c Monthly .. 1 JO* Weekly Ift •10c addi(tonal far Night Final Edition Rates by Mail —Foyoble i* Advance Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 year 25.00 I year 17.00 I year 10.00 6 monthi 13.00 6 months...... f.OO 6 month* 550 I month 2.25 1 month 2001 month —. IJJ Telephonet STerling 3-5000 Entered at the Fact Office. Waahmgton 0. C. as second-closs mail matter. Member at tba Associated Frets The Associated Fresc is entitled exclusively le the use fei republicotion at all the local news orinted In mis newspaper or well as all A. F. news dispatches. A-26 SUNDAY, January 16, 1955 Attack on Urban Blight The “workable program” submitted to the Commissioners by a team of consultants might well form the battle plan for an effective ten-year attack on urban blight In the Nation’s Capital. The campaign already has begun In the Southwest section, where drastic slum-clearance and redevel opment methods are being used. There are sore spots elsewhere which need similar treatment. But there also are other large areas where renewal and renovation proc esses, undertaken jointly by public and private enterprise, can accomplish wonders —once community sentiment demands action. The experts’ report points the way for such a co-ordinated campaign. Federal cp-operation in such a broad undertaking has been promised under the 1954 Housing Act,, provided the District adopts a “workable program” for gradual elimination of slums and run-down districts generally. Formal approval, therefore, of some such plan of campaign as that rec ommended by the consultants Is a pre requisite to Federal participation in further District warfare on slums and other mani festations of city decay. Some of the areas designated in the report for rebuilding or renewal already have been earmarked for Improvement. These include, in addition to the Southwest, the downtown Northwest section chosen by the National Capital Planping Commission and the Redevelop ment Land Agency for an “urban renewal” project, and Marshall Heights and Barry Farms In the eastern section of the city, where first attempts at redevelopment were frustrated by neighborhood protests and congressional disapproval. The report adds a number of fringe spots In the older parts of the Northwest for future rehabilitation. The broad fight outlined by the experts would involve co-ordinkted teamwork by Federal, District and private Interests, with the District government assuming leader ship of the drive. About two-thirds of the , ten-year aggregate public cost of $200,000,- 000 would be contributed from Federal funds and the Remainder by the District. But, the consultants said, all or most of the District cost could be written oIT under the new public works program In the form of street, sanitation and other public Improve ments already contemplated. And the Dis trict would gain large additional tax rev enues from the restored areas. Private Interests would have to provide substantial sums for new construction under redevelop ment plans and for renewal under strictly enforced housing and zoning regulations. The emphasis laid by the advisers on the need for positive leadership to make the workable program actually work Is justified. Without such leadership at the District government level, abetted by community and congressional support, much of the program is apt to remain on paper. Strange Imprisonment It Is gratifying that the Kremlin, In belated response to our Government’s re peated demands, has at last freed John H. Noble and William Marchuk from their long imprisonment in the Soviet Union—a cruel and baffling punishment that seems to have been imposed merely to satisfy some ugly whim of the totalitarian* in Moscow. Mr. Marchuk’s status in this strange story remains unclear at the moment. A private In the United States Army, he has been listed as absent without leave ever since 1949, when he vanished in the Red sector of Berlin. Ever since then, he ap parently has been a prisoner in Soviet forced-labor camps, but there still seems to be an official American question—despite the way the Russians have treated him— eui to whether or not his original disappear ance constituted desertion. Th ire appears to be no question, how ever, about the facts involved in Mr. Noble’s' case. In 1938, together with his mother • and sister, he was brought to Germany by his father, an American cltisen of German descent. The family, according to the father, was then trapped over there by the outbreak of the Second World War, during which the Nazis refused to let the Nobles return to the United States. Finally, when the Red Army moved into Dresden in 1945, the Soviet authorities arrested all four of them, but released the mother and sister while imprisoning the father and son, who < was barely 21 years old at the time. The senior Nobles Imprisonment lasted about seven years, until his release in 1952. And now that his son has been freed from almost a decade of captivity, there is as yet no Clear explanation of the Soviet Union’s reasons for subjecting either of them to such an ordeal—no explanation, that except a seeming desire on part of this Kremlin to abuse Americans simply for the sake of abusing them, or possibly, to gain some propaganda objective in its cold war against the United States. This is a situation, of course, in which outsiders can do little more than make guesses. But young Noble has declared that he has “a lot to tell,” and presumably Marchuk, too, will be able to throw light on the scatter. And the same holds true for William Verdine, another long-missing American Army private whom the Kremlin . has just promised to release Meanwhile, as it has unfolded to date, the story of these three men serves as a sobering reminder of the dark nature of the Soviet system of law and justice • ' * • 'Within Avon's Reach ' The American - people, together with free peoples everywhere, would do well to ponder Secretary of State Dulles has had to say about peace in his recent New York address to the Young Women’s Chris tian Association. For his views on the sub ject, though not essentially new, constitute a good and timely reminder that the task of establishing a secure and tranquil inter national order calls for the same kind of unity and dedicated effort that men and nations display when they are caught Up in war and seek to attain victory through armed power. As Mr. Dulles has put it, “peace in the lofty sense”—not the enslaving sort of peace that the Communists strive for, but a true world peace of justice and free dom and economic progress—“is in fqct within man’s reach” today. And in his judgment it can be achieved on some not too-distant tomorrow if the United States and like-minded nations act in keeping with the realization that the limiting factor in working for it is not its impossibility (a false, ' defeatist notion), “but the I lack of well directed efforts and sacrifices which could turn the possible into the actual.” Historically speaking, this lack may be viewed as the manifestation of an ancient human failing. For it is true, as Mr. Dulles has said, that “while throughout the ages men have longed for peace, they have sel- i dom worked for it in a serious, intelligent and sustained way.” Nor has he exaggerated in describing as “shocking” the contrast between the magnificent things they do for victory in time of war and the grave inadequacy, the niggardliness of purse and spirit, characterizing their postwar efforts to prevent new war. Certainly, although such a deficiency might have been tolerable In the non-atomic past, there Is now In every country a “desperate need for greater willingness to* make the national sacrifices whicifmay be required” to avoid a universal holocaust and organize a decent and endur ing system of global law and order. Mr. Dulles has not spelled out in detail vhat he means by this, but he has cited the following requirements, among others: (1) Moderation and an absence of truculence or intolerance in international dealings; (2) enlightened political, economic and military co-operation for collective security through out the free world; (3) resolute,adherence to a policy recognizing that the “struggle for peace cannot be won by pacifism or by neutralism or by weakness,” and (4) a general, popular awareness that we “have to be ready to fight if need be and to have the resources and the allies to Ensure that an aggressor would be defeated”—the most effective war deterrent of all. Peqce, In short, a good peace, Is not something that just happens. Like the pur suit of victory in war, it must be fought for. And if it is fought for diligently and un remittingly, not haphazardly or half heartedly, It can become a lasting reality for ourselves, our children, our children’s children and all mankind. That Is the great promise of our time. But It Is also an immense challenge, and Mr. Dulles has not overstated things In declaring that we must meet It vigorously and with a sense of deep urgency If the world is to be Ifcpt fit enough to live in. Four Ancient Lawgivers Prospective Jurors assembled in the ceremonial courtroom of the United States District Court see four white marble statues back of the judges’ bench and wonder whom they represent. The answer for the first of the group is: Hammurabi, earliest king of all Babylonia. Reigning from 2267 tn 2213 B. C„ “he showed himself great alike in peace and war.” One of his claims to lasting fame is his Code, beginning: “1 established law and justice in the land.” He was a proponent of the principle of quid pro quo—which he expressed as: “If a man destroy the eye of another man, they shall destroy his eye." The effigy of Moses, the lawgiver of the Israelites, is more easily recognized. It includes the Tables of the Law which he brought down from SinaL As the tradi tional author of the Pentateuch—the first five books of the Old Testament—he is accepted as a prophet by Christians and Moslems alike and his Ten Commandments have universal application among men of good will. Solon of Athens (638-559 8.C.) is a logical neighbor for the preceptor of the* Jews. Be quickened the conscience of the Greeks to attempt great reforms and set an inspiring example of judicial wisdom for later times up to our own. Next to his statue stands that of Justinian (483-565 A.D.), Byzantine emperor and sponsor of the celebrated Corpus Juris Clvills, consid ered by many scholars to be the most sig nificant of all worts of Jurisprudence. Sidney Waugh of New York, a con servative sculptor, created the effigies to harmonise with the structure designed by Louis Justament under the direction of a planning committee headed by Chief Judge Stephens of the Court of Appeals and Chief * Judge Laws. Four later lawgivers—King Alfred, William Blacks tone, John Marshall and Joseph Story—are represented else- j where in the buildl^. Spires of the Spirit C* r\ c+Uc « Ft Cr\n IFt By Frederick Brown Harris in opain . Wanted—A castle in Spain! is the secret passion of most lives spent among prosaic things far from castle like, Thi* dream desire which colors common a*, s lifts turreted towers and romantic gates before the gaze of toilers bending in the valley of drudgery and routine. There, breaking the far hori zon, is the castle of one’s dreams. That haunting vision of tomorrow often makes today bearable. One of the greatest personalities of the crowding centuries, Paul the Apos tle, had his “castle in Spain.” Listen, as he says in one of his Immortal let ters to the early churches: “Whenever I take my journey to Spain I will come to you. . . . But now I must go unto Jerusalem to minister.” Some day— but now! So much of life seems summed up in that formula, an antici pated joy that is in the future, a press ing duty which is in the now. One can not contemplate what this marvelous man, St. Paul, made of his life, from the light that smote him at Damascus to the ax that slew him at Rome, with out being conscious of how bitter and sweet experiences were all woven into a cloth of burnished gold which he wore as a valiant knight. Constructively he used the things that came to him. But the very phrase “castles in Spain” sug gests the wanted things that did not come to him. * * Os course, a truly victorious life must deal not only with the things that come, but also with the things that do not come. In the poignant entry in St. Paul's journal we are face to face with a radiant dream which beckoned him across more than a score of tolling years. But it was like a beautiful mir age of the desert with which he never could catch up. It is all wrapped up in the phrase “my Journey to Spain.”/ He never took it. But he never took his eyes from it. Like every one of us. he had his “castle in Spain.” . So did that colossal figure, Moses. His "Spain” was the Promised Land. Toward that golden goal he boldly led a horde of slaves whose shackles his self less genius had broken. But it is im possible to read the amazing, breath taking narrative of this Alpine man without being conscious of a gap, a sud den blank in his life never to be filled. After the dream had lured him on as he dared every danger, what a crushing * blow to be told, with the land of his de sire in plain view, that he was not to cross over with those he had led! For there came the divine decree: “Thou shalt not go over this Jordan.” And he died on Nebo’s lonely mountain, outside the land. And there is David. What a magnifi cent dream of the temple filled his sky ■ \ I • * . «’ f I Cl Pen-names man be used if letters carry I fO I HP ifnr writers’correct names and addresses. 1 ... AU M arg iub^ct tQ conformation. Library Referendum I would like to correct an apparent misinterpretation of the proposed ref erendum to support library facilities in the town of College Park. A story concerning this referendum appeared in The Star on January 10. - The referendum does not propose to remove the Paint Branch Community Library from the Prince Georges County Memorial library system. Quarters, furnishings and upkeep are provided by each community in which a branch library of the county system is located (books and librarians aye provided from county fund.. At predent, the funds for housing and equipment for the library in College Park are raised by door-to-door canvass, bake sales, fairs and other community-wide solici tation. The referendum* proposes that a municipal tax on real property be levied to provide funds for housing library facilities. If the referendum is approved, the Town Council of College Park will work In co-operation with the Prince Georges County Memorial Library system, as do the municipal governments of Hyattsville, Mount Rainier and Forest Heights, to main tain library facilities in College Park. Mary C. Bailey. President, Paint Branch Community Library Association. (Editor’s note: The Star gladly sets the record straight, but the “misinter pretation” was contained in the press release from the Paint Branch Commu- ' nlty Library Association, upon which the Btar story was based.) Objects to Federal Raise Taxpayers are the real employers of Government workers. If an increase in Government wages means an increase in taxes, then the taxpayers should decide whether they can afford such increases. I'm one taxpayer who can’t. I’m Fifty Years Ago in The Star... In the society page of The Star of January 11, 1905, It was announced „ , ... that Helen Frances, Helen Warren only daughter of Sen- Engaged ator Warren of Wyo ming, has become en gaged to marry Capt. John J. Pershing. General Staff, United States Army, re cently appointed military attache at the 4merican legation in Tokyo. "Miss Warren is a graduate of the Washing ton public schools and of Wel esley College. She made her debut here last winter and is one of the most pop ular young women in official and social life in her Wyoming home and at the National Capital. Capt. Pershing la a' West Point graduate, with a notable record as an officer. His service in the Philippine Insurrection, especially In the subjugation of the Mora*, was so meritorious that President Roosevelt ealled*attention to It in his first mes sage to the last Congress.’’ * • According to The Star for January 11, 190 ft. "U. S. Minister Pearson at Teheran has informed La bo roe the Department of State Indemnity that be has forwarded to that department the check tor *30,000 he received from the Persian government as a pecuniary in demnity for the assassination of the Rev. Benjamin W. Labaree. an Amer ican missionary who was killed by a band of fanatic Kurds In Persia last ! March. The leader of the band Is said to be a lineal descendant of the prophet, and as such was exempted by the Pend an authorities from the death penalty. The financial indemnity was offered in lieu of the death penalty in ’ the case of the leader, and the widow i of the murdered minister has Indicated ] her acceptance of the indemnity. As 1 £as been already stated, effectiv^and with color and beauty! TO him it was an alabaster vision. And he was to build it. Ah, David’s “Spain” was at hand! Then came a devastating disappoint ment. Again, a divine decree, with rea sons behind it : “Thou shalt not build an house to my name.... Solomon, thy son, he shall build my house and my courts.” And here is Paul. As he went the weary round of the regions with which he was so familiar, he wanted most two things: To see imperial Rome, and some glad day to see Spain and proclaim the Name there whose gospel it never had heard. Tied to familiar duties which often irked him and tested his patience, the burning desire to reach Spain grew into almost an obsession. It crept into his letters—as wearying years wore on and his hair turned gray. Weil, Rome came—He reached it! But it meant a prison cell and martyr dom. Spain, the brightest of all his dreams, was one of the coveted thrills that never came. How often he vir tually wrote: When I have done my duty here and can get away with a clear conscience, I will come to you on my way to Spain! Isn’t it all so very human, so very true of life? It seems as if Moses and David and Paul were playing dominoes with us, matching the pieces from their own experience—the black oblongs with white dots which tell of our own un satisfied longings and ruined rainbows. Have we not all entertained hopes gnd dreams which, as we journey across.the changing years, have been our “Spain”? Then, as the roseate years of our vigor slope down toward the sunset, there come increasing doubts, which at first we disown, as to whether we ever will reach our desired destination. Now ths plain fact is that even if our Spanish aim were fulfilled > is more than likely that it would disenchant and disillusion us, and we then would wonder why we working six days a week now to keep my head above water. An increase in taxes and the resulting higher cost of living as unions demand and get higher wages means hundreds of thousands of us little, unprotected guys either sink into debt dr work seven days a week. Let .things stay as they are now, please, or else let dissatisfied Govern ment workers change places with us in private industry. Charley. Banning Trucks Frditt Parkway It is gratifying to know that such gentlemen as Maryland Delegate Rob inson and State Senator Turnbull have taken sides with the people in intro ducing legislation to prohibit truck traffic on the new Baltimore-Washing ton Parkway. Heretofore, all we have read is the plight of the commercial interests on old Baltimore boulevard and their efforts to get the State of Maryland to take over the entire length of the parkway. It la not difficult to see that the efforts of Robinson and Turnbull are sincerely in the interests of the common good and are not for the so-called “money Interests.” True, the merchants on “Old Bloody” will suffer for a while, but I believe things could be worked out wherein tourists could be forewarned at either end of the parkway that there are no accom modations on the route. One need only to drive on the Penn sylvania Turnpike or even Shirley highway to see how trucks can upset the pufpose for which these expensive roads were built. One needs only to drive on the parkway between Cheverly and the District to see how crowded the parkway has already become. Imagine what it would be like and how dangerous it would be if it were opened to through truck traffic. I hope this letter will give Maryland residents in my area the inspiration to thank Mr. Robinson and Mr. Turnbull for their efforts and to also urge their own swift punishment is to be meted out by the Persian government In the ease of all the members of the band except the sacred leader.” * * Heading the society column of The Star for January 12. 190 ft, was an ac count of the wedding of Talty-Carr Helen Talty, daughter of Weddina Mr. and Mrs. James Talty, * to Capt. Daniel J. Carr, U. 8. A. The ceremony attracted a large gathering of friends to the Shrine of the Sacred Heart, where Rev.'Joeeph F. McGee officiated. Fellow officers in full-dress uniform* used to the bril liance of the occasion. Capt. Henry J. Hathaway was best man, and Capt. George C. Burnell, Capt. Charles de F. Chandler. Lieut Allan L. Briggs and Lieut. Lawrence P. Butler were ushers. “Beautifully gowned In white lace over chiffon and trimmed with pearl*, wearing a tulle veil and carrying lilies of the valley, the bride was escorted to the altar by her father and was at tended by Katharine Doyle as maid of honor.” After a reception aft the home of Mr. and Mrs. Talty. the young couple left for California en route to Capt. Carr’s pout ot duty in the Philippines Today, half a century after the wed ding, Mrs. Carr resides at 1714 North Seven ty -second street, Wauwatosa, Wto. Her husband worked hie way up through regular military routine* to become CoL Carr, chief signal officer «f the 3d Corps Area, including Washing ton and Baltimore. He died in 1930, but the family Interest In the Army still perservers. The Cans’ daughters. Ca therine and Helen, respectively, new an the wives of Col. Joseph Farley and U- Col. Thomas Stacey. and the Staceys have a little boy—a fourth Danny—who is ft yean old. One ot the sons is Father (James) Aldan Can of Fran- banked so much on reaching it For realization is often much more drab than anticination. It is more than likely that the life we will know is one with “Spain” not on the map. But that is no reason to sell out your dreams! Paul didn’t. As he turns to what he calls “ministry at Jerusalem.” he sighs: “Fh, some day Spain!” Who can doubt that through prison bars he still saw Spain and vowed if he were released in Rome he would at last he on his way? But his itinerary had no stop-over at Spain as he went on to a fairer land. After all. it didn't matter so far as Moses’ contribution to the agfs is con cerned whether he ever got to his “Spain” or not. It did not matter much ’ whether David built the temple or not, so far as his high niche in the cathe dral of faith is concerned. His psalms, in which even his sins sing and sob. have meant more to an unnumbered host than just the distinction of build ing a physical temple. Paul might have gotten great personal joy out of preach ing in Spain, had he ever reached it; although the probability is he would have found the saints there as much of a problem in their disputes and squabbles as they were in Jerusalem. Saints always are. But the thing is that if he ever had gone to Spain he probably never would have written those glorious epistles which flashed and flamed in the dark of a prison cell. In the light of 2,000 years, it was much more important that he should write: “This mortal must put on immortality, and this corruptible must put on incor ruption” and “as we have borne the image of the earthy we shall also bear the image of the heavenly” than that he should have his own way in travel ing to Spain. rs * * It’s good to dream of Spain. But the important thing is not that we reach any castle which has lured us; but to find our fullest fruition as Paul did in being faithful to the common tasks and the trivial rounds. That was Charles Kingsley’s formula as. with his great endowment spiritually and intellec tually, he scorned the heights and the honors whleh might have been his, to spend 33 years in one drab little parish, and left us this recipe for a successful life: Do the work that’s nearest, Though it’s iuil at whiles, v Helping, when you see them, Lame dogs over stiles; Finding in each hedgerow Marks of angels' feet. Epics tn the pebbles . * * Underneath your feet. That is far better than a castle in Spain. Delegates and State Senators to get behind this wonderful idea. Thomas J. Corcoran. * Man With a Plan There has been much discussion about the seventh day or on keeping the Sab bath. I am not in the selling business, but I would like to make further com ment on the subject. I am not in favor of spot selling; that seems like gullible greed, which is dis graceful to the meaning of the Sabbath. In the absence of sufficient blue laws to govern respect for the Sabbath. I have given much thought to the prac ticality of » seven-day business week. My Idea may be revolutionary in principle, bat I believe it is constructive and practical in the large metropolitan areas. It is this in brief: Keep schools and business open seven days a week. Take the present average work week and work the same number of hours in four days for the present five-day week’s salary. Stagger the em ployes' workdays so as to give the em ploye three consecutive days off. This should stimulate buying power as well as create uniform competition and less sales congestion. With the schools open seven days, every child could have a full day Instead of a half day In school; and it would lessen the urgency for Immediate con struction of new school buildings. With the courts open full time, the backlog of pending cases could be caught up, as well as punish new offenders of the law on the same day of violation. The clergy could hold a service on Wednesday similar to that held on Sun day. In so doing, every one would have equal opportunity to worship. Traffic would be more uniformly dis tributed throughout the week, thereby lessening highway accidents: and park ing problems should be solved to some extent. Howard B. Watkins. ciscan teaching order, a member of the faculty of the QFM Seminary at Ren sselear. N. Y., and vice president of the Franciscan Educational Association, and the other son. Daniel, Is a personnel official in the Federal Government with a home at 1430 Oak Ridge road. Falls Church. Va.. made lively by four daugh ters—Marcia. IS; Catharine. 12; Dan ielle, Ift, and Mary Eleanor, ft. * * i Under date of January Ift, 1905, Tha Star reported; “Justice Wright in Criminal pourt No. 1 to- Watson day imposed sentence of Sentenced penitentiary imprison ment for 10 yean In ths case of James M. A. Watson, for merly a clerk in the office of the auditor of the District, convicted of embemlihg funds from the District of Columbia. Sentence was imposed after Justice Wright had overruled motions for a new trial and in arrest of Jtftg ment, filed by counsel tor the defend ant. An appeal from the ruling In the Court of Appeals was noted and 3ft days alio wed. for the completion of the bill of exceptions. When be arose to hear, the fateful words of the pre riding justice, Watson dUplaytd emo tion for the first time sines the date of hi* arrest. Ha was pate, apprehensive and visibly agitated.” * * On January Ift. 1905, The Star an nounced tenu« Michel, "the greatest of an feminine an- Lotiite archtets” and "both the gentlest and fleetest Os woman.” was dead at Mar seille. She had been born May 29, 1930, “a natural child" of a nobleman of Brittany and his housekeeper's daugh ter. Brought up in a ruined castle, her "spirit of compassion for suffering” nude her of countless dumb Sees President Running And Sure to Be Elected Writer Believes Eisenhower To Be Unbeatable as of Now ly Frank R. Kent The first few days of the new (Democratic - controlled) Congress showed that this session, which will last past the middle of August, will bo saturated with presidential politics from start to finish. With the two national conventions hardly 20 months off, and the issues still to be made, this is normal, natural and Inevitable. It will be doubly true of the second session. . , Thus all the talk' from Democratic leaders about non-partisan co-operation with the President at this session, “in the national interests.” is, to be blunt » about it, the bunk. Gen. “Ike" himself ‘ is a friendly man with a congenital tendency to “non-partisan co-oper ation” and he may believe in the co operative assurances that have been publicly maije by various more or less highly placed Democrats. But neither the practical Republican politicians nor the experienced political observers be lieve in them at all. They know that even those whose utterances reek most of nobility hope fit their hearts that it anything untoward happens to “Bee” it will be nothing trivial. It would be unique* in politics for Democratic leaders—particularly those who cherish presidential aspirations—to feel differ ently. There are, besides the eloquent Adlai, several of these in the Senate, the most forward of whom is Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, who doe* not even pretend to be noble so far as "Ike” is concerned. In fact, the Democratic situation, at what is practically the opening of the 1956 campaign. Is anything but happy. The unchallenged popularity of the President is such that Demo cratic politicians privately admit that no one in their party could beat him if the election were held now. The anti- Eisenhower writers are obviously wearing themselves a little tt)ih and the divergence between Democratic spokesmen who. like their recent re cruit, Wayne Morse of Oregon, picture the President as a flop, a fake turd a failure, and Senator Sparkman of Ala bama, who asserts that he “would be a splendid President if only he were a Democrat.” is somewhat ridiculous. It is made more so by those who charge that Gen. "Ike" is moving more toward the Roosevelt-Truman policies and those who allege that he is really the captive of the Old Guard Taft element. This would seem to sustain the Presi dent’s own definition that he is a “pro gressive moderate." .* * At any rate, the hopes of the Demo crats for 1956 seem based on two things—first, that in the next year and a half they will be able to so damage “Ike” with their attacks (hat he will be reduced to beatable size; second, that he will refuse to run again. Practically every candid Democrat con cedes these two points, though few regard the second as in the least probable. -And, they are right. Th® late Cary Grayson, who had known Intimately many Presidents, said that no man ever left the White Hous® after one term without a nostalgic pain in the heart for which medical science had no cure. No matter how much they moan about the awful bur den of the office and the Joys of pri vate life, that Is certainly true. Bar .ring an act of God, "Ike" will run again •because there is no way out. for him without being a quitter, which is the last thing he is. Not to run again would be to fail in sustaining his own record. Not to run again would be to leave his friends and his party in a hole. Clearly, there is no other Republican with anything like his appeal to the people. Not to run again would be to break a party precedent and mean the nomination of a second or third string candidate. Not to run again would leave unfin ished a lot of things “Ike” wants to -do. Unless his health breaks down, not to run again would be unthink able. He not only cannot resist the pressure but he does not want to. At least, such is the conviction of thou in best position to know. As to that first point—the ability of the Democrats to damage Gen. "Ike” very badly in the next 20 months —that is different. For one thing, he may get some bad breaks in both the national and the international sit uations. For another, he may make some bad blunders. He has not. so far, made any that have injured him mdeh, either personally or politically. But there always is the chance, and his enemies will contrive as many pit falls and traps for him as they can. He may fall into one or two and get really hurt. On the other hand, the past two years have taught the Presi dent a great deal about politics and politicians. He handles himself politi cally very much better than he did at first. This is shown not only in his contacts with members of Congress but also in the way he behaves at his press conferences. He is more at home, more sure of himself, more urbane and con trolled. If he does not have the afore said bad breaks and does not make the before-mentioned bad blunders, ha will be renominated by acclamation— and re-elected. That is the present view of the more astute political ex perts. This condition where the pros pects of both parties are bound up in one man, is not unique. But it is un usual. animals. "She was an ardent republican and anti-BoqaparUst while Louis Napoleon was rising to power and re mained so throughout the second em pire until its fall.” But she also opposed "the present republic.” During the commune of 1371. “this woman with such horror of blood used a gun. side by side with maddened men. doing bloody work and herself being wounded.” Taken prisoner, she was “obstreperous, insolent and furiously exalted" and “did her best to prove that she was a danger ous character.” When she was con victed and sentenced to transportation for life, she was conveyed to New Caledonia, “where, although the gover nor was ordered to treat her indulgently and allow hpr certain privileges, she insisted upon sharing all the privations of her companions in exile and made herself useful by watching over the sick and teaching the children.” An act of amnesty permitted her te return to Paris in IBM. She was met by a great crowd and appeared in black with a red flower in her hat and a taper-tailed, long-legged cat under each arm.” Im mediately she began to make speeches “demanding vengeance." with the re sult that she “saw the inside of many French prisons and was finally exiled from Prance.” For years she lived In London, but she went home to end her days. Double pneumonia, contracted while on a lecturing tour, terminated her qgeer.