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THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C. SUNDAY, FtBII’ART *. 1»«5 Our Neglected Children Retarded Pupils Wait Years, Still Can't Get Psychiatric Aid By James G. Deane Some children have been wait ing as long as four years to get a chance to begin their real edu cation in public schools here. Take the case of Mary X: She is now 11 'A and in the fourth grade. She was tested four years ago when her teacher reported that, after a year in school, she showed no evidence of mental growth. The test showed she had an Intelligence quotient of 69—that puts her in the retarded cate gory. On March 6, 1951, she was recommended for placement in a special class. Four years later, she’s still in a regular class. Today, for Mary X and many other retarded children, there is still only the prospect of waiting. Two weeks ago, The Star re vealed that the District public school system has more than 1,700 elementary pupils, mentally retarded, who need specialized teaching. These pupils, it was re ported, now are in regular classes, where they can make little progress and where they | impede the learning of normal classmates. The reason is that the schools do not have enough money to hire special teachers for them. And, for economy reasons, the District Commissioners have re fused a request for funds to hire a few of these needed teachers this year. Since The Star's report, school officials have completed a new count of these unfortunate chil dren. The total—outside special classes, of which there is a lim ited number —is now more than 2.000 in the elementary schools alone. This does not include ad ditional hundreds known to be in the high and junior high schools. The plight of the retarded children is frankly regarded by school officials as critical. Re sponsible officials long have been aware of the situation. They long have wanted to correct it. More is involved than a mere lack of special teachers. There are also hundreds of children in the city's schools w'ho have emotional problems—chil dren who are truants or trouble makers, or w'ho have even be come involved in delinquency and crime. In many cases such children are also mentally re tarded. In others, their intel ligence is normal, although their outlook and behavior are warped. The school system has been trying to help these emotionally upset children. For some of them it has separate classes. There are not enough of these classes. Psy chological and medical clinics— the District Health Department’s and a few staffed by volunteers —help a few of the most urgent cases, but the school system has no psychiatric service of its own. The schools have a testing service to interview problem pupils to learn what help they need. This service last week had a backlog of more than 700 re quests from schools all over the city. Countless other cases have not even been referred to it be cause there is no hope of giving them attention. Psychologists Needed. Two clinical psychologists needed for this service also w-ere refused by the Commissioners on economy grounds. Without an adequate exam ining service, the schools will never know how many children actually need help, even if they obtain the teachers—now lack ing—who could give it. At the school research depart ment there are files for hun dreds of children who have been examined and found to need special help. Dr. Irene Hypps and Dr. Richard Foster, associate superintendents in charge, per mitted a reporter to examine some of these files last week. Mary X's case was there. So were many others, including: Bit Classmate on Cheek. A 13-year-old boy now repeat ing third grade was tested last September. He had an IQ of 50. This boy missed 130 school days in first grade, 61 days in second The Weather Here and Over the Nation District and vicinity—Cloudy j and mild with rain today and high about 46. Cloudy and mild with rain tomorrow. Maryland—Cloudy and mild | with rain today and tomorrow, j Virginia—Cloudy and milder j with rain today and high 45-50.1 t X' // \ I US. WfAlHf* tUHAU MAP . A ' I Department #f Cemmtrce High Ttmp«roiure» end Ar*q» + •f Prectpitqbon fxpeded Sunday 4# 71 \ ~ £gt —AP Wirephoto Map. Precipitation is due today over major portions of the Nation, except for the area from Texas to California, where it will be fair and warmer. A slow warming trend is in pros pect for most of the States east of the Mississippi River. Snow is forecast for the Rocky Mountain States, Lake States and Central Plains, while freezing rain and sleet are expected in a narrow area from Northern Illinois to Central New York and Central New England. Rain is expected from the Middle Atlantic States Southward to the Mississippi Valley and the GuU States. « f * •/ and 123 last year. He cannot read on the third-grade level. The examiner said his need for # special teaching was acute. He is still in a regular class. A sixth-grade boy, now 13, who two years ago bit a classmate on the cheek because the latter had refused to answer a question, j was examined. He had an IQ of! 67. He is still in a normal class. An 8-year-old boy entered the second grade after moving from a nearby county last fall. He was absent most of the first term. When he was in school, his teacher found him unable to fol low the simplest directions or answer the easiest questions. He seldom spoke and was hard to understand when he did. He broke rules, destroyed property and disrupted the class. Tests showed his IQ was 47. He was recommended for a two week trial in a primary class for subnormals, as well as a hearing test and speech correction.' No special class, however, is avail able. A girl, almost 14. recently en rolled in the seventh grade at a Junior high school, said she dis i liked school and would not attend. Soon after school opened she attacked another girl. After ; beihg confined for a day in the principal's office, she slashed a boy outside the school with a knife. Then she was sent for two weeks to the Receiving j Home. A test showed her IQ ' was 73. The examiner said she needed | to go into a special social ad : justment class, but none are available for junior high school j girls. Because of her vicious j conduct, the examiner recom mended excluding the girl until next fall, when she will be re examined. These cases, according to school officials are typical. And they add that they could be mul tiplied many times. What the school system needs officials say, is: 1. More teachers for special classes. 2. A school-system psychiatric service, starting with the two clinical psychologists already | sought, but refused. 3. A more adequate testing staff. They believe the needs are urgent. Two Who Defied Quiz Ordered Reinstated By th« Asiociottd Preii NEW YORK, Feb. s.—An arbi trator today ordered the Worth j ington Pump Corp., Holyoke. ; Mass., to reinstate with back pay two workers discharged for resorting to the Fifth Amend ; ment before the House UnAmer | ican Activities Committee. The arbitrator is Joseph D. i McGoldrick, who was New York 1 City controller under Mayor Fiorello La Guardia. The discharged employes are Herbert Salter and Frank Parker, members of the United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America, independent. Mr. McGoldrick said: “The right of a citizen not to be compelled to be a witness against himself is protected by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which has been part of our fundamental law since 1791. A similar provision in the Massa- 1 chusetts Constitution is even < older.’’ Correction A picture of Sycamore Island published in yesterday's Star showing a channel cut through the Potomac River ice for a ferry to the mainland was incorrectly captioned. It identified the island as High Island—which is about half a mile downstream. Sycamore Island is owned by the Sycamore Island Club, a so cial and recreation group of 110 families, who use the island for boating, swimming, fishing and 1 picnicking. Cloudy and mild with rain to morrow. Wind—South or southeast 12- 18 miles per hour today. Rlicr Report. (Prom U 8 Engineer*.) Potomac River clear at Harpers Perry •nd at Great Falls; Shenandoah clear at Harpers Ferrv hi Jam m^mmm HURT SLEDDING Owen Porter, 15-year-old student at George Mason High School, Arlington, is in critical condi tion at Arlington Hospital with head injuries suffered in a sledding accident Friday night. He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Carl Wesley Porter of 315 North Virginia avenue. Psychiatrist Assails Durham Decision on Mental Responsibility Catholic University’s Law Re view devotes nearly half of its latest issue to an analysis of last summer's much-discussed court ruling on criminal respon sibility, with a prominent psy chiatrist sharply criticizing the decision. Subject of the discussion is the decision by the U. S. Court of Appeals of the District of Co lumbia in the case of Monte Durham. In that case, the court ruled that a defendant cannot be held criminally responsible if his act was the product of a mental disease or defect. Dr. John R. Cavanagh, mem ber of the Mental Health Commission, associate clinical professor at the Georgetown University Medical School and special lecturer at Catholic University, is the dissenting I psychiatrist. Dr. Cavanagh, who has given psychiatric testimony in a num ber of major criminal cases here, concludes that “the danger of the Durham decision is that it I opens the door too wide.’’ “It allows, a psychiatrist to testify to any theory which he may hold.” Dr. Cavanagh writes in the Law Review. “It then leaves to his persuasive effect upon the jury whether rthe in dividual is to be considered ir responsible or not. It offers nothing specific for the jury to consider.” Calls Terms “Misleading.” After a lengthy discussion, in which he contends the terms used by the court were “mis leading,” Dr. Cavanagh takes this view: That the decision attempts to do what the court states in its own opinion no court can do— define insanity. That the court has attempted to define insanity in terms of no symptoms at all and in terms which are so confusing that they cannot be understood by most psychiatrists. That the court is "attempting to throw aside a test which took 2,000 years to devise and which has been used successfully for over a hundred years in favor of a poorly worded and vague con cept.” That the decision endangers "the whole basis of the criminal law—that we are responsible for racts.” Overholser Quoted. I Dr. Winfred Overholser, su i perintendent of St. Elizabeths Hospital and an enthusiastic sup [ porter of the Durham decision, i is quoted in a series of inter - | views also included in the Law ! Review presentation, j "Psychiatrists,” Dr. Overholser is quoted as stating, “in giving ! expert testimony as to the men tal condition of the defendant at the time of the criminal act. need no longer play the role of a pseudo-doctor or a pseudo lawyer. Since he is no longer confined within the narrow lim its of the antiquated tests, the psychiatrist is now free to pre sent to the jury his complete analysis of the defendant's men tal condition” Humidity. ' (Readings Washington National Airport.) Yesterday— Pet Pet. Noon 45 Midnight . 75 j 8 p.m. ' 8 Record Temperature! This Tear. I Highest. 6.1 on January 2. Lowest. 10. on February 3. High and Low of 24 Hour* Ending 6 P.M. Yesterday. High, :18, at 4:00 p.m. Low, 16, at 6:10 a m. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today Tomorrow ! High 7:31 a m. 8:21 a.m. Low 1:4-1 a.in. 2:33 a.m. i High 7:58 p.m. 8:45 p.m. ! Low 2:04 p.m. 2:54 p.m. The Sun and Moon. Rises. Sots Sun, today 7:10 5:35 I Sun. tomorrow . 7:00 5:36 Moon, today _ 5:28 p.m. 6:38 a.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in inches in the Capital (current month to date): Month. 1055 1954 Avg Record January 051 2.20 3.24 7.83 37 February 0.55 0.35 2.44 8.8 4 'B4 March .. . 3.97 303 8.84 91 April.. _ . 3.30 3.0 H 913 89 May .... ... 2.98 3.08 10 H 953 June ... 124 3.41 10.94 ’On •July 1.70 4.20 10 63 ’B6 August ... 315 4.75 14.4 1 ’2B September 003 4.12 17 45 34 October ... 4.06 2.85 B.B] 37 November ... 1.78 2.73 7.18 77 December 2.82 261 756 *Ol Temperatures in Various Cities. H L. H. L. Abilene 50 30 Knoxville 64 32 Albany 24 -4 Little Rock 43 39 Albuoueraue 38 14 Los Angeles 02 40 Anchorage 10 13 Louisville 38 .14 Atlanta 33 Memphis . 45 40 Atlantic City 30 18 Miami . 09 04 Baltimore 33 7 Milwaukee 34 20 Billings 33 ?o Minneapolis 26 13 Birmingham 49 41 Montgomery 40 Bismarck 19 1!) New Orleans 55 Boise 27 19 New York 30 19 Boston 35 17 Norfolk 40 20 Buffalo 39 9 Oklahoma C. 44 30 Burlington. 24-10 Omaha 24 6 Charleston 54 35 Philadelphia 38 1 9 Charlotte 44 27 Phoenix 57 29 Cheyenne 30 15 Pittsburgh 42 16 Chicato 30 26 P tland. Me. 35 8 Cincinnati 34 31 P tland. Or. 30 Cleveland 30 25 Raleigh 50 19 Columbus 33 25 Reno 48 23 Dallas 47 39 Richmond 47 13 Denver 41 12 St. Louis 38 29 Des Moines 29 21 Salt Lake C. 30 i* Detroit 34 18 San Antonio 47 4a 1 Duluth 24 15 Ban Diego 60 39 I Fort Worth 45 38 8. Francisco 55 U Houston 48 Savannah «1 37 Huron 1« -7 Seattle 44 39 ' Indianapolis 35 29 Tampa .;8 Jackson 55 4 7 Washington 3* 15 Kansas City 40 25 Wichita. 37 18 Key lOppt 76 66 The Federal Spotlight 7 0,000 Government Scientists ToGetPay RisesUptos7oo By Joseph Young The Civil Service Commission will order pay raises ranging up to S7OO a year for thousands of Government scientists, chemists, engineers and other professional personnel, The Star learned last n ' Bh The CSC is expected to announce the pay boosts either this L 1m week or next. About 10,000 employes are involved, sev eral thousand of them in the Washing ton area. The CSC’s action results from the au thority given it by Congress last year to authorize * agencies to pay Mr - *•«"*• more than the starting step of a salary grade in recruiting for hard-to-flll jobs. As a result, all ■ present employes in similar jobs who now receive less than the 1 starting recruitment pay author- , ized by the CSC, will receive pay ; boosts. Grades 5 and 7 Affected. i The employes who will get the ) increases are those in grade 5 who now make below $4,160 a : year and those in grade 7 who earn below $4,705. The starting pay for grade 5 : is $3,410. The CSC will authorize i starting salaries of $4.160 —the i top of the grade—for these : Bennett Warns D. C. It Must House 1,000 Now in U. S. Prisons , By William A. Millen The District government soon : must provide for housing in its , I own new correctional institu tions the 1,000 now cared for bv the Federal Government, James V. Bennett, director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, 1 warned yesterday. Federal Government institu- j j tions are becoming too crowded j, and it is up to the city to provide its own facilities, he declared, j Mr. Bennett spoke at the 25th anniversary of the Bureau of Re habilitation, a Red Feather agen cy that aids former prisoners. The meeting, attended by 100 ! persons, was held at the Bolling i Air Force Base Officers’ Club. Mr. Bennett said more than 300 juvenile inmates are housed in Federal institutions. About 700 adults, charged with Dis i trict offenses also are confined in Federal prisons throughout the Nation, he said. These are apart from the Federal prisoners who are District residents serv ing time for violating the na j tional law. ! Wants Training School Moved. Mr; Bennett said he has .again recommended that the National Training School for Boys, which cares for many District boys, be moved out of Washington. He noted that in the public | works program for the District, no provision has been made for the city’s own new correctional institutions. Mr. Bennett said the Federal Government soon may have to refuse to accept District in mates because of the pressure for space. He said he looked to such groups as the Bureau of Rehabilitation for leadership in solving these problems. Col. Campbell C. Johnson, I chairman of the District Parole Board, reviewed the bureau’s 25 years of work. Audience Acclaims Dayton. The audience gave a rising j vote of appreciation to the bu- j : reau’s director, Joseph E. Day- \ ton, for his work. Gerard M. Shea, director of j 1 public welfare, said it will take [ his department 18 to 24 months | to get its new facilities in op- j eration, but said it will welcome < an increase in volunteers to aid lit in its program. He said 402 delinquent children were com mitted to the Board of Public Welfare last year, but predicted a drop in future’ admissions. G. Howland Shaw, the bu reau’s president, said the occa sion was also the seventh anni versary of the Society of Spon sors. He said the bureau is unique because it is the only one immediately concerned with the problem of how to help effec tively the youngster or adult j who comes out of a correctional j institution and faces the crucial problem of how to go straight. Sponsors Win Praise. Dr. Louis Jacobs, superintend- j ent of the National Training i School for Boys, spoke of the debt it owes the bureau. He said the sponsors have been very helpful in bringing the commu- THIS UIDRLD BARBECUED SPARER/BS ATMOSPHERE pk, OUALITY asr s i 3s <• $ 2 95 Cocktails col 55 ,Vf jwjt .000 (Mask) FRE scientific and technical jobs. The commission also will authorize entrance salaries of s4,7os—the fifth step of the grade—for these jobs in grade 7. The starting salary rate of grade 7 is now $4,205. The jobs involved are: All en gineers except agriculture en gineers: architects, physicists, electronic scientists, chemists, metallurgists. mathematicians and patent examiners. Pay Boosts in Other Grades Seen. The CSC’s professional staff has recommended the pay ad justments. The Civil Service Commissioners are expected to approve the recommendations. Other pay increases for simi lar positions in higher pay grades may also be requested by Federal agencies to permit them to compete with private industry in attracting men for good jobs. The pay increases would be the first to be authorized since the new law went into effect last year. There are indications that Federal agencies will also ask authority to pay more than the starting rate in grades 9 and 11 for the same type of jobs. Reader's Guide Sunday. February 6, 1955 SECTION A. General News, Editorials. Lost, Found. A-3 Editorial Features. A-21-25 Editorials. A-22 Educational. A-27 Finance. A-27-29 Science Calendar. A-13 SECTION B. Classified. Classified Ads. B-l-19 SECTION C. Sports, Resorts, Obituary. Sports News. « C-l-5 Resorts and Travel. C-6-7 Obituary. C-8 SECTION D. Society, Women's Clubs. Society New?. D-l-18 Club Calendars. D-10 Reader’s Clearing House. D-16 SECTION E. Amusements, Features. Amusements. E-l-3 Recording. E-8 Music. E-8 Radio-Television. E-5-7 Farm and Garden. E-9 Art. E-ll Crossword. E-10 Camenf. E-10 Bridge. E-10 Book Review. E-ll Stamps. E-10 SPECIAL SECTION. Hecht Co. Advertising Section. H-l-16 This edition also contains: The Star Pictorial Magazine, a 20-page local rotogravure section, featuring a portrait of Abraham Lincoln painted by President Eisenhower: This Week Magazine, a 40- page supplement featuring former President Hoover’s answer to the question: “Can We Ever Trust Russia?” A 10-page comic section. ; nity into the boys’ lives with an unselfish interest. James I. Minor and John L. Withers, presidents of the So j cieties of Sponsors, also paid j tribute to the bureau’s work. Isadore Seeman, executive di rector of the United Community Services, said private agencies, such as the bureau, supplement the work of government officials as a distinctive contribution to the American way of life. jMumn HOME ORGAN See If . . . Hear If Ploy If in Our Studios j 111x38 p Ipfir Thousands have ac claimed it! Baldwin’s new Orga-sonic . . . the sensational home organ everyone is talking about. The Orga-sonic is as mod est in cost as it is in the space it requires . . . and everyone, young and old alike, can play and enjoy the Orga-sonic. Come in today for your free demonstration . . . and be sure to bring the family. Exclusively Here Hot* and t loetranjc Orfe* Salat A 925 G STREET N.W. htabliiM 1*79 1 Prof. Stone to Speak • George Winchester Stone, pro fessor of English 'at George Washington University, will speak on “The Man of Letters— the Most Provocative Problem In a Thousand Years” before a dinner meeting of the Men’s Association of the Georgetown Presbyterian Church at 7 p.m. Tuesday in the church's Cissell Chapel, 3115 P street N.W. Advance Spring Showing . . . IMPORTED CHARCOAL FLANNELS We made an advantageous purchase of R^ fine Imported English ings and had them custom detailed to our own specifications. 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Eton flannel suits also in lampblack $75 * I Use Our 4~Month Extended Payment Plan RALEIGH HABERDASHER 1310 F ST. • WASHINGTON S FINEST MEN'S STORE • NA. 8-9540 * I * Paris Catholic Magazine is Banned by Vatican ty th. Aiiociat.d Pr.u VATICAN CITY, Feb. s.—The Vatican yesterday put the French Catholic magazine La Quinzaine on the list of publica tions prohibited for Roman | Catholic reading. The action was taken on the ground the semimonthly periodi i cal made no reference to Vatican 'views in frequent articles sug gesting collaboration between s Catholics and Communists in : France. Hie ban was decided on 1 by the Congregation of the Holy - officer and approved by Pope i Pius XII. La Quinzaine was founded in November 1950 by a group of ! young Catholics. It has been - reprimanded three times by l French cardinals and archbis - hops.