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Dulles Firjt Witness
Tomorrow on Pact With Nationalists By J. A. O'Leary The Senate Foreign Relations Committee this week takes up the United States-Nationalist China mutual defense treaty against a background of new military action in the Far East. Secretary of State Dulles is listed as the first witness, to be heard in closed session tomor row afternoon. He takes the stand in the wake of these week end developments: 1. The 7th Fleet is providing protection for the evacuation of Chiang Kai-shek’s troops from the Tachen Islands, north of Formosa. 2. The shooting down of'two Communist MIGs by American Sabrejets over the Yellow Sea after the Red aircraft attacked a reconnaissance bomber. Will Repeat Arguments. j If the Senate, as expected, ap proves the mutual defense pact after it clears the committee, it will be merely a reaffirmation of the action it took 10 days ago in approving, 85 to 3, President Eisenhower’s request for emer- j gency authority to use American armed forces, if necessary, in defending Formosa and the Pes cadores. But before the treaty is voted on the Senate probably will stage a replay of the argument over whether this country in tends to extend its protection to the islands of Quemoy and Mat- tuc jaiauuh ui turn iviat su' near the China mainland. The treaty as written refers Only to Formosa and the Pesca dores as the territories of Na tionalist China. But it provides that the treaty may be applied to “such other territories as may be determined by mutual agree ment.” Senator Morse, thq Oregon Independent, who opposed the fight-if-necessary resolution, has said he wants the Senate to “take a long, hard look” at the treaty. He expressed fear that, in its present form, i| may in crease tension in the Pacific be cause/ of the language which could encompass territory within 7 to 10 miles of the China main land. Chairman George of the For eign Relations Committee said yesterday, however, he hopes the Senate will act on the treaty without change. And Senate Re publican Leader Knowland pre dicted it will be ratified over whelmingly. If the committee votes ap proval of the treaty tomorrow or Tuesday, leaders will try to get it through the Senate this week. Otherwdse, it may be de layed for two weeks, because a number of Republican Senators will be going away February’ 11 for a series of Lincoln Day ad dresses. Senator Sparkman. Democrat, of Alabama, said he may ask Mr. Dulles tomorrow to answer the argument he has heard in some quarters that signing a treaty with Chiang Kai-shek is equival ent to recognize Formosa as Chi nese territory, and that this may work to the advantage of the Chinese Communists. “As long as the future owner ship of Formosa is up in the air we can say that the Communists have no claim to it.” said Senator Sparkman. "But if this treaty is equivalent to recognizing For mosa as Chinese territory, doesn’t that give the Chinese Reds an excuse and an incentive to claim it?” Churchill Governmenl Plan# Drive on Smog By th« Associated Press LONDON, Feb. s—The Churchill government is facing up to the problem of smog— London's dismal trademark for centuries. It means that smouldering coal fires which burn in many homes may be Roused in favor : of a cleaner fuel. Duncah Sandys, Minister of j i housing and local government, j; told the Commons yesterday the i government will introduce soon : a bill to combat air pollution. j ] Mr. Sandys said the bill would i recommend establishment of : smokeless zones in London and ] other parts of Britain. i Wife Learns Man's Identity After His Suicide in Baltimore •y th« Associated Press BALTIMORE, Feb. 5,—A slim, attractive New York woman, shocked with disbelief, learned from police tonight that her hus band who took his own life here four days ago under mysterious circumstances, was not the Army officer and respectable doctor she thought she had married. Instead of Dr. Edward James Phillips. 42, of New York, Capt. George H. Mintiens, chief of de tectives, said FBI fingerprint flies showed the man to be Edgar Fassberg of Brooklyn, who went by 18 or more other aliases and who had a record of selective service violations. After four hours of questioning Mrs. Phillips, Capt. Mintiens an nounced he was convinced she knew nothing of the man's past. Since their marriage in New York, August 30. 1952, she had known him only as a ‘‘very lovely and wonderful person,” Capt. Mintiens said. . Thought Him a General. She thought him to be a mgadier general in the Army, assigned as a pathologist at Governor's Island. She said he left every morning for his work and often talked convincingly of his practice. The intricate web which Fass berg apparently wove about his life began to unravel here; Wednesday. His body, identified as Dr. | Phillips was found clad in pa- Jamas and sprawled across a ! i bed in his room. I 1 T 3 MANCHURIA * PUP.HG.Vyy' ‘ 'fNOMH > Pyongyang C ~ nD r A • fcPort #• Tientsin Arthur f A c # Si Ytllorn J$2 eoul A T4 '7 n • • Seo Qua J Tvnqtaojir SOUTH . . * if Hankow hanghai Hangchow fdA** . APAN <£ / * • * Kmhwa . TACHtNS s va a,O Nanchang : e vV- Wench owls ** matsuS* njlT7th7nij]...& - OKINAWA QUfMOVjP . * Pacific :*■, £*£ * Ocean f £}JfORMOSA iftjSricjzfptSCADOßlsiif I ? ■ . JOQ C? WtfA iTAIUK MUIS TACHEN ISLANDS AREA—Map locates the Tachen Islands (A) where the United States 7th Fleet and other United States forces were ordered by President Eisenhower to help in the evacuation of Nationalist Chinese troops and civilians. Earlier American Sabrejet fighters, from Osan Air Force base (under lined) in South Korea, shot down two of eight Communist fighter planes which, the Air Force said, tried to attack a United States reconnaissance ombber over the Yellow Sea (B)T —AP Wirephoto. Tachens (Continued From First Page.) some of the coastal islands close to the Chinese mainland. 3 A high naval official explained • j that a 7th Fleet task force which • j is participating in the operation 3 has been in position for 13 or i 14 days. ' "The 7th Fleet,” he empha • sized, "is under orders not to provoke any incidents with the i Chinese Communists but neither > accept tactical disadvantages— s in other words, threatening ges i tures. To put it another way, t they are ordered not to get , altruistically shot down.” The brief announcement is sued by the State Department was cleared by President Eisen : hower. Henry Suydam, depart ment press officer, told reporters j he could not elaborate on the ! statement. Nationalist Operation. The naval officer told reporters that plans for the operation have ! been co-ordinated between Vice j Admiral Alfred M. Pride, com mander of the 7th Fleet, the Military Assistance Forces on the Tachens. and the Chinese Na tionalist staff. He emphasized nevertheless, that the actual evacuation from the islands was a Nationalist operation. The orders approved by the President had been taken to the White House yesterday morning by Undersecretary of State Herb ert Hoover, jr. Admiral Arthur W. Radford, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was pres ent w’hen the decision was made there Admiral Radford relayed the President's decision to Ad miral Robert B. Carney, Chief of Naval Operations who im mediately sent dispatches to Ad miral Felix Stump, Pacific Fleet Commander in Chief, and to Ad miral Pride. The Chinese Nationalist gov ernment's decision not to re main on the Tachens, mean whlle, was sent to American Am bassador Rankin. The State Department made clear in its anounoement that this government’s purpose in securing and protecting Formosa 1 was in accordance with the reso lution approved last week by Con- 1 gress. i In the opinion of a high Navy official, the Nationalist Chinese 1 would not be able to hold the ■ Tachens under heavy Red attack. 1 The Nationalists, ne explained, 1 have dug some strong garrisons ' on the Tachens but would rim out of ammunition and food. ' The backbone of the American 1 force, he said, is built around five 1 aircraft carriers. These include the 45.000-ton Midway, due to arrive on the scene tomorrow 1 after a trip from the Atlantic Fleet. * Other carriers are the 27,000 - ton Yorktown, Wasp, 1 Kearsage and Essex. Each car rier has a normal air group of about 75 planes with a high pro portion of jet fighters. Planes are equipped with atomic as well \ | Death was blamed on a quick ■ acting barbiturate, probably j seconal. The body was found about 5 1 i p.m. after the hotel received a 1 telephone call from Dr. Edna i , Guttenstein of New York, a den- | tist and friend of Phillips who said she had received a telegram from Baltimore reporting Phil- ! lips dead of a heart attack. Mysterious Telegram. The telegram had been sent from the hotel Jobby at 12:25 that morning and was signed by a,“Robert Ritter." Dr. Gutten steyi said later she understood Ritter was to be guest speaker at a testimonial dinner. | Yet 17 minutes later, at 12:42 a m„ hotel records show Phillips called his wife in New York and told her the dinner probably would be called off because of the death of the speaker. She came to Baltmore Friday, I identified the body as that of her husband at a local funeral •establishment and left instruc tions for its cremation. Then she returned to New York. The medical examiner halted the cremation this morning and police asked Mrs. Phillips to return. Police, meanwhile, re- j ceived the FBI fingerprint file : which showed the man to be Fassberg. Capt. Mintiens said it defi nitely was suicide and since no crime was committed here, the case is closed. |as conventional weapons. Rear i Admiral Stanhope C. Ring com ! mands the carrier striking force. In addition to the large car riers, the 7th Fleet has an escort carrier, the Princeton, which has been modified and equipped for anti-submarine warfare. There also are two cruisers in the fleet. One is the Helena, which is Admiral Pride's flag ship. It is a 17,000-ton, eight inch gun cruiser. 36 Destroyers Included. Supporting this force are 36 destroyers, four submarines, 15 minelayers or minesweepers, five transports and “numerous" land ing ships, a Navy spokesman said. The cruisers are under com mand of Rear Admiral R. E. j Wilson. Those ships together with destroyers and smaller craft would give gunfire support, if necessary, in the operation. I Capt. R. D. Hoagle, of Fort j Worth, Tex., former aide to then j Navy Secretary and now Deputy Defense Secretary Robert An derson, commands the Midway. Capt. William Kabler is skip per of the Kearsage and Capt. H. M. Sanchez commands the I Princeton. Capt. Frank Turner of Atlanta j is skipper of the Essex; Capt. F.' E. Brandley of the Yorktown and I Capt. David Welch of the Wasp. Total Nearly 100 Ships. The total strength of the 7th Fleet is believed to be close to 100 ships with a total of almost 400 planes of all types. “Once the evacuation has be gun,” the Navy official said, “any Communist attack on the 1 Tachens will be considered an interference with the fleet.” The 7th Fleet has personnel of about 45,000, and the new Air Force Sabrejet wing recently moved to Formosan airfields has another 3,000. Congress Reaction Favorable. Initial congressional reaction toward the move was favorable. Senator Humphrey, Democrat of Minnesota, a Senate Foreign Relations Committee member, said of the refusal to name Quemoy and the Matsus that “I am pleased to see our Govern ment is directing its own policy in the critical Formosa area." Senator Sparkman, Democrat of Alabama, chairman of the committee’s Far Eastern subcom mittee, said, “This has been ex pected and we have expected to lend protection.” Some persons felt that the chances of any Red Chinese at tack was lessened by what might be considered a gift of the Tachens to them without a fight. Wilkes College Team Wins in China Debate By sh« Associated Press BALTIMORE, Feb. s.—Little Wilkes College of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., defeated Princeton Univer sity in the finals tonight to win a 24-team college debate tour nament on whether the United States should recognize Red China. Wilkes favored recognition in j the final round, but the Commu- ] nist China regime lost out in the | overall competition, taking but i 28 of the 60 debates over the ' 1 two-day tournament. Awards went to the top six , teams. Runners-up to Wilkes and Princeton were Boston Uni versity, Fordham, Seton Hall ! and the University of Pennsyl vania. The remaining teams finished , jin this order: 7, Howard: 8, Temple; 9, George Washington: 10, Loyola A team; 11, Scranton 12, St. I Peter s; 13, Loyola B; 14, Bridge water: 15, Georgetown; 16, Emory 17, Harpur College; 18.1 Lemoyne; 19, Delaware; 20, Dickinson: 21, Haverford; 22, Newark Rutgers; 23, Morgan; 24, Catholic University. Although Wilkes .as did all the teams, had to debate both sides of the question, it was as signed the affirmative in the championship round. The question up for debate one of the hottest in the world today—had itself been debatable in college debating ranks, par ticularly for the Naval Academy and West Point. Both of the j service academies withdrew from j the question this year after offi cials ruled it was not a suitable subject for debate by service personnel, that it might be em barrassing to this country to have its future officers taking j the affirmative side of the ques tion—in favor of Red China rec j ognition. < Finletter Urges U. S. To Drop'Go-il-Alone' Policy on Formosa The United States should | abandon its "go-it-alone” policy j in Formosa and “insist” that the United Nations assume responsi ! bility for the island’s future, ; Thomas K. Finletter, former I Secretary of the Air Force, de ! dared last night. The former official of the j Truman administration made it clear, however, that, until such time as this policy is dropped, full support should be given the present ’administration to defend Formosa. j On this point, Mr. Finletter ! said, this is no time to discuss ' j how the United States reached | its present solitary position on ( Formosa and the Pescadores. ! “The critical nature of our position in the area, and the truculence of the Red Chinese put upon all of us the obligation to support the President unitedly if the Red Chinese try to take the islands by war,” he said. Urges U. N. Trusteeship. Mr. Finletter nonetheless ob served that “title” to the islands would seem to have passed to the 48 signatories to the Japan Peace Treaty whose duty, in turn, would be to turn this "trusteeship” over to the U. N. Thus, he said, “it is for the United States to insist not only that the U. N. resist any aggres sion by the Red Chinese and do its best to arrange a cease-fire, but also that it relieve the United States from the go-it alone responsibility and that the U. N. take over the juridical duty of adjudicating the future of the inshore islands and of Formosa and the Pescadores as well.” This country, he added, should replace its present policy with one founded on “juridical” com mitments and principles. "Stop Showing Our Toughness.” “If we stop showing how tough we. are and start showing how lawful we are, we may have success and peace in our policy i I Reg * 2W I ■ • Never Off I R Much for So Little! wWi EACH fl If ( up f Decorator 2-pc. SECTIONAL n< * V SOFAS TABLES V j4 wW djHfroV.• DeCor ° tor Fabr,cs Armless—tufted scot and back 'White composition top. m sw* ss, *»•« m a II '*17.77 ————- —1 ■ ! j • » -■ 9 Foam Rubber Cordovan Mahog. ■ • .°f e 9 " E s «;- Sleep Sofa Bedroom Set ■ S til 6 nock and mattress. Solid foam rubbed T"P ,e ■ gSBiiUJdUJgSE.* cushions. Mirror, Chest, Convenient $329 00 on< * " Fw ' n Beds flj i • K 2-5438 MOO 5429 M 99 | J rntßsifiapiß st. N.w. at 3 Groups Join in Drive To Aid Crippled Children Three Washington area socie ties for crippled children will join in a combined fund drive March 10 to April 10, it was announced yesterday. The announcement was made by Leon Chatelain, jr., president of the District Society for Crip pled Children, who said the campaign has been agreed to by the Maryland and Virginia Socie ties for Crippled Children and Adults. General chairman of the drive and of the District division will be Thornton W. Owen. Mrs. Dorland Davis will head the Montgomery and Prince Georges divisions and Virginia State Senator Charles R. Fenwick will direct activities in Arlington. Alexandria, Fairfax and Falls Church. v-aurcu. Campaign headquarters will be at 1767 Massachusetts ave nue N.W. Other offices will be at 3110 Columbia pike, Arling ton, and 1206 Rockville pike, Rockville. Campaign activities will in clude a children’s march on homes and an eight-hour con tinuous television show. Hearst Sees Khrushchev LONDON, Feb. 5 (ff). —Moscow radio said Nikita S. Khrushchev, first secretary of the Soviet Com munist Party, had “a long talk" today with Publisher William Randolph Hearst, jr., J. Kings bury Smith, European general manager of International News Service, and Frank Coniff, an editorial assistant to Mr. Hearst. in the Far East,” Mr. Finletter declared. If the United States follows the course of a “go-it-alone” arbiter of much of the world, we shall imperil our politico-mili tary security and we shall not have the support of world opinion.” . Mr. Finletter was principal < speaker at the seventh annual 1 Roosevelt Day Dinner sponsored i by the Washington Chapter of I Americans for Democratic Ac- : 1 tion at the Shoreham Hotel. i U. S. Seeks Identity Os Attacking MIGs, 'Warns. Reds Again By the Associated Press The United States started an ! investigation yesterday to deter ’ mine whether Communist MIG fighter planes which tangled 1 with American Sabrejets over the Yellow Sea belonged to Red China, North Korea or Russia. Disclosing the investigation into the nationality of the MIGs. the State Department also sharply reminded Red govern ments that American airmen in the Far East have orders to de fend thenfselves and that these orders “will be carried out in the current situation.” Informants said that Red China, North Korea and the Soviet Union all fly fighter planes of the type seen in the Yellow Sea clash. They said that one thing Washington would like to know was what kind of markings the planes had. Henry Suydam,- State Department press officer, declined to say how the investi gation was being conducted and whether it involved any diplo matic notes to Moscow or else where. President Eisenhower spent an hour with Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, jr., discussing the Formosa problem and seeking some new way to get the Chinese Communists to end the hostili ties. Mr. Lodge told newsmen that the steps probably would be announced soon but that meanwhile “it is best to keep the other fellow guessing.” Navy Relief Society Reports on Year's Work Outright grants totaling $450,- 249 were made in 6,742 cases by the Navy Relief Society in 1954, Admiral V. R. Murphy (ret.), ex ecutive vice president, has an nounced. At the same time. Admiral Murphy said in his annual report emergency assistance in the forms of loans without interest to 59,943 persons for a total of $3,- 846,119 were made. Os these, $3,- 330,834 or 87 per cent have al- ; ready been repaid. THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C. gtiwuT, rnrouT e. ims 7th Fleet Warships on Guard Against Surprise Sub Attack ly th» Associated trns , WITH THE 7th FLEET IN FORMOSAN WATERS, Sunday. , Feb. 6.—Five warships of the ' United States 7th Fleet maintain > constant guard against possible - surprise attack in these tense 1 waters by hostile submarines. Rumors and “reports” of un identified subs stalking ships in i areas of the fleet's operations get little support from respon sible officers of this carrier and the screening destroyers. No Navy official discounts the possibility of non-American sub marines operating in waters be tween the Red China mainland and Formosa. No Report ‘Confirmed.’ “Rather,” said a responsible officer of this ship today, “we operate on the basis that it is Hearing Tomorrow On Higher Salaries For Judges in D. C. Bills to increase salaries of judges of Municipal Court and Municipal Court of Appeals here by $7,500 each will be considered by the full House District Com- ; mittee at a public hearing 10 i a.m. tomorrow. This will be the first of at least two hearings on District legislation by Congress as legis lators swing into more action for Washington. Six identical measures for a civic auditorium, including an inaugural hall and fine arts cen ter, will come up for public hear ing at 10 a.m. Tuesday by a House District subcommittee. The bills, sponsored by Repre sentative Morrison, Democrat, of Louisiana, Representative Thompson, Democrat, of New ■ Jersey, and others, call for ap pointment of a 13-member com- j mission to plan the center, and report back to Congress. A fund i **** A-7 reasonable to suppose there are non-American submarines in the Pacific and that they could be : somewhere in Formosan waters.” He said, however, he knew of no “confirmed” report of a non- American submarine discovered by 7th Fleet ships or planes. . Pilots of specially-equipped 1 i planes which fly daily anti-sub I patrols said they never had made ! a confirmed submarine contact : and knew of no such contact by ; other pilots on similar missions. A submarine warfare officer of : a destroyer in the Formosa strait patrol said his sonar de vices had picked up only one submarine—“the hulk of a Jap anese submarine sunk in World War H.” “We have never had a sonar i contact that was evaluated as a I real submarine,” he asserted. of $25,000 would be authorized to meet commission expenses. On the Senate side of th# Capitol, Chairman Neely of the District Committee has obtained permission to hold hearings on home rule for Washington at any time during the next two weeks while the Senate is in ses sion. Exact date for the next ' hearing has not been set, Proponents of home rule legis lation strongly supported tha i cause at a District committee j hearing last Thursday. Special GW Course Open to Policemen A special course open to mem bers of the Metropolitan Police Department will be offered at George Washington University beginning Tuesday. The course, designed to help policemen study for the biennial promotion examinations, will in clude eight weekly lectures on the police manual and regula tions, alcohol beverage control code and Federal and District legal codes. The course will ba given on Tuesdays from 8:15 to 9:35 p.m.