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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 07, 1955, Image 21

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Bureau Shows
Odd Facts ol
Atom Science
New instruments
Display Progress
In Physics' Frontier
By Thorna* R. Henry
Length measurements accurate
within a tenth of a millionth
of an inch, an unearthly green
flame on which may traverse
ultimate reaches of the earth’s
atmosphere, an automatic de
terminer of background radia
tion from an atomic bomb
explosion anywhere, and de
termination of radiant energy
wave lengths to an accuracy of
one patt in 50 million are among
the developments of atomic-age
science which will be displayed
at anl "open house” of the
United States Bureau of Stand
ards this week.
At a preliminary showing for
bureau employes yesterday these
were revealed as some of the
foremost accomplishments of
the patt year.
The Bureau’s basic job, it was
explained by Dr. Allen V. Astin,
the director, is to determine and
-preserve standards of measure
ment upon the accuracy of which
almost every industrial and mili
tary enterprise in the country
depends. The number and pre
cision of the standards required
now is ’ increasing almost daily.
One Found Too Crude. (
For the first time, the two
most basic standards of all, the
American prototypes of the
standard meter and the standard
kilogram whose originals are
kept in Paris, were brought
under guard from their under
ground, temperature - regulated
vault for public display. They
do not vary by the minutest
detectable fraction year after
But now. Dr. Astin said, at
least one of them is too crude
for the demands of American
The length measure
seenis likely to be replaced by
another * standard, the single
green wave length of an isotope
of mercury made by transmuta
tion of gold, with which it is
possible in the laboratory here
to measure tenths of millionths
of inches. This, however, is not
quite ready for industry at large.
At present the length standard
maintained for the automobile
industry is assuredly accurate
only within a millionth of an
inch. This may not thoroughly
satisfy present requirements.
Every new weapon and almost
every new major industrial de
velopment forces the bureau into
new fields This has been par
ticularly true of the jet airplane,
designed for great altitudes, and
has brought the physicists into
the fanstastic field of "atomic
One-Atom Oxygen Encountered.
The jet engine requires a flame
and if this fails the pilot is in
serious trouble. Ordinary chem-'
leal flame would fail near the
top of the atmosphere, where
pressures approach close to a
vacuum and where all the oxy
gen consists of single atoms.
Oxygen at sea level is in the form
of a molecule of two atoms. A
few miles high are the ozone
blankets of three-atom oxygen
But the one-atom oxygen is a
far different substance and about
the most reactive material in
existence. Ordinary flame re
sults from the combination of
oxygen and carbon in the pres
ence of heat. But when a minute
amount of the carbon compound,
acetylene, is let into a bulb filled
with the atomic oxygen a flame
results at once, regardless of
heat. This is probably the only
flame that will be available at
great altitudes.
Intensive studies are being
made of its stability and all other
characteristics on which the jet
pilot will depend. It varies in
shape and behavior with differ
ent simulated altitudes.
Strange Effects Found.
This green flame develops a
weird kind of heat. Standard
measurements indicate at one
stage a temperature of 20.000
Fahrenheit. Yet a piece of glass
which ordinarily melts at less
than 1,000 F. is unaffected when
thrust into this flame. This is
In keeping with the determina
tion of extremely high tempera
tures in the earth’s upper at
mosphere where, however, a man
would almost certainly freeze to
Indicating the importance of
some of the new gadgets de
veloped for the Air Force, Dr.
Astjji told the guests that at
least half the cost of a modern
fighter aircraft goes for elec
tronic equipment.
The public demonstrations
start tomorrow night for a group
of invited guests, with 16 of the
bureau's laboratories open for
PTA Meets Tomorrow
The Langley Park (Md.) Par
ent - Teacher Association will
meet at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the
school auditorium. Fifteenth
and Merrimack avenues. The
Rev. Don C. Shaw, pastor of St.
Michael’s and All Angels Epis
copal Church, will speak on "The
Meaning of Tolerance.”
Referendum to Be Topic
The Paint Branch Community
Library Association will meet at
8 o'clock tonight at 4513 College
avenue. College Park, Md., to
discuss a referendum for a town
library-supporting tax to be vot
on May 2.
Phone Worker Honored
On 50-Year Retirement
Thomas L. Tinsley, 2300 Hilde
rose avenue. Silver Spring, is
retiring from the American Tel
ephone and .....
Telegraph Co..
munlcations Mjjfcflf! l -*" /J
teleg r a p h e r
Telegraph „ _*
Co. He joined Mr T ’’
AT&T there in 1916. and was
transferred to 'Washington in j
The company gave a reception
in his honor Friday in the Wil
lard Hotel.
Remark on Security
Is Tutting Smear,*
Hyde Tells Johnston
Representative Hyde yesterday
labeled as a "cutting smear” a
statement made by Chairman
Johnston of the Senate Civil
Service Committee on the Fed
eral employe security program.
The Maryland Republican re
ferred to a speech made last
month by Senator Johnston,
Democrat, of South Carolina, in
which he said:
"I certainly hope that we are
not going to have any Fifth
Amendment civil service com
missioners or other witnesses ap
pearing before our committee
(when it investigates the pro
Senator Johnston's remarks
were made January 22 at a ban
quet here sponsored by the
American Federation of Govern
ment Employes
“Most Cutting Smear.”
Mr. Hyde, who was named by
the Republican National Com
mittee to reply to the Senator's
speech, declared that in this talk
"he adopted the most cutting
smear in referring to his plans
to investigate the security pro
gram” with the “Fifth Amend
ment” remark.
Mr Hyde, speaking over Radio
Station WRC, went on to defend
the administration’s security
program declaring:
”Os course, in any program in
volving loyalty or security and
covering almost two and a half
million employes, there are bound
to be some instances of unfair
treatment, just as there are some
cases in our courts where a jury
finds an innocent man guilty.
1 “Went Too Far.”
“However, the Senator went
too far when he followed his
Fifth Amendment civil service
commissioner remark with this
statement: ’My friends, it is a
deplorable thing to consider,
when loyal employes of the Unit
ed States Government, the great
est government of the greatest
country on the face of the earth,
after years of sincere, honest j
and devoted service, can be sum
marily dismissed entrely without
cause or reason from their means
of livelihood,’ as though this
were the regular practice of the
administration’s security pro
In conclusion, Mr. Hyde of
ered Senator Johnston an in
vitation to “Join in a non-par
tisan approach to all the Gov
ernment career employes’ prob
. lems. This is the attitude of
. President Eisenhower and his
entire administration.”
: freshman Orator Wins
: At Missionary College
Julia Denlinger, a freshman
i elementary educational major,
I has won first prize in the annual
; oratorical contest at Washing
ton Missionary College, Takoma
. Park.
Miss Denlinger, who is from
Lancaster, Pa., won the compe
’ tition from five male contest
-1 ants Saturday night at the
school before 650 persons.
Second place went to Ralph
Krum of Takoma Park. Other
i contestants were Ronald Mc
-1 Cartney of Takoma Park, Rich
• ard Gates, Harrisburg. Pa.;
I Richard Mayer, Philadelphia,
i and Charles Raith, Takoma
i Park.
i Arthur J. Patzer, secretary of
i the temperance department of
■ the Columbia Union Conference
of Seventh-day Adventists, was
■ master of ceremonies.
i Y-Teen Club Dance
The Y-Teen Club of North
! western High School will spon
’ sor its fourth annual sweetheart
■ dance at 8:30 p.m. Saturday in
; the school gymnasium in Hy
i attsville, Md.
> fib #
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PROPOSED SUBURBAN HOSPITAL WlNG—Thia Is the tour-story wing Suburban Hospital
proposes to build with funds from the SMd,OM drive now under way. The wing Is to include
for 75 more beds, new agrgery, pharmacy and eentrg sterile supply. %■
Sportsmen Eye
Bonanza Catch
Os Rockfish
Commercial Boats
Haul In Tons Despite
Conservation Move
By the Associated Press
Feb. 7.—White sports fishermen
stood by gathering lobbying am
munition for use in the General
Assembly, commercial boats
landed a bonanza catch of rock
flsh off the mouth of the Patux
ent River during the week end.
Leaders of the Maryland Rock
fish Protective Association and
the Izaak Walton League said
commercial boats from the East
ern Shore drifted their weighted
nylon nets in deep holes to catch i
the schools of dormant rock
A fleet of trucks stood by to
haul the catch to market.
Catch May Run 10 Tons.
Frank Leech, treasurer of the
protective association, said about
6,000 pounds had already been
trucked away. Some observers
estimated the haul might run
as high as 10 tons.
Reports circulated that the
catch was so heavy that fish
ermen were forced to leave
crammed nets on the Bay over
Doyle Kendall of Deale, an
other official of the protective
association, said the catch would
be brought to the attention of
the Legislature. Hearings open
at the Statehouse this week on a
proposal of sports fishermen to
outlaw January and February j
fishing in the Bay.
Sportsmen Tipped Off.
Leaders among the sports fish
ermen descended on Solomons
Island after they had been tipped
off at Annapolis about the catch ;
They were told that four truck- j
loads of rockfish already had
While they watched, Mr. Leech
said, a fifth truck loaded with
forty 100-pound boxes left for
Galesville. Mr. Leech said the
boat which landed the catch was
the “Joyce” out of Rock Hall,
captained by Irving Krouse.
Vincent Lowman of the Deale
Izaak Walton League said the
haul was made easier by ice
conditions and cold weather
which had forced the rockfish
into deep holes where they were
All Within Legal Limit.
“This proves,” he said, “that
winter is the most destructive
period for rockfish.”
All fish examined by conser
vationists who stood by were
within the legal limit.
Rock are bringing about 50
cents a pound now on the retail
market in Washington and Bal
timore. But dealers said contin
uing shipments may glut the
market and force the price down.
Alexandria Man's Death
By Rifle Termed Suicide
Alexandria police today an
nounced a verdict Os suicide in
the death of Nelson Charles
Roscorla, 35, who was found
shot to death Saturday night.
The shooting occurred at Mr.
Roscorla’s home, 318 North
Royal street. Police said Mr.
Roscorla had been sitting in the
kitchen with his wife and a
friend and- suddenly went into
another room without giving
any indication of what he
planned to do.
Minutes late? a shot was
heard and Mr. Roscorla’s body
was found on the living room
floor. He had been shot in the
, head with a' 30-30-caliber Win
chester rifle, found by his body,
police said.
Mrs. Roseola told police her
husband had brooded over a
head injury he suffered about a
year ago.’ The injury required
86 stitches, and since then he
had to undergo two operations.
Saturday Is Deadline
To Protest Assessments
Falls Church property owners
have until the end of this week
to notify the city if they intend
to protest their new assessments.
A number of reassessment
notices, sent out by the Board of
■ Assessments late last week, said
, that protests would have to be
filed by last Saturday.
George Walter, board secre
tary, said today that protests
• filed before the end of this week
■ will be reviewed.
; The reassessment as proposed
i by the board would increase real
’ estate values from about sl7 mil
lion to about $26 million.
ml m ' i
IsLfeffitfe,« lit: v** ¥ m *, | jKL j >Mmm
ippsE* *#i
WFtJr*' jmsßßk ‘-a !
. —Btar Staff Photo. 1
FIRST TRAIN THROUGH—A passenger train of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad threads its way through ]
derailed freight cars near Pohick Station, Va., after emergency crews put down new track. North and south tracks of the j
R. F. & P. main line between Washington and Richmond were ripped up Saturday when 28 cars of perishable goods—part
of a 111-car Washington-bound freight—were derailed. Railroad officials reported the southbound track was clear at 9:25 ,
a.m. yesterday, the northbound track at 10:40 p.m. The wreck scene is 18 miles south of Washington near Lorton, Va., in a
deep cut about 100 yards off Shirley Highway.
District Man Killed
In 2-Car Collision at
Maryland Junction
A District man died in Prince
Georges General Hospital early
yesterday from injuries suffered
in a two-car collision at Sheriff
road and Cabin Branch drive,
near Cedar Heights, Md.
He was listed by county police
as Lewis Mathew, jr„ 20, colored,
of 526 Ninth street S.W.
Mr. Mathew, who suffered In
ternal injuries, was a passenger
•in a car driven by Freeman Cov
ington, 24, colored, also of the
Ninth street address, police re
Four Persons Injured.
Covington and three other per
sons, including Ernest Price, 26,
colored, of 4920 Nash street N.E.,
driver of the other car, were in
jured in the crash, police said.
The others victims were James
Carter, 21, colored, of 950 F,
street S.W.. who was riding in
the Covington car, and Miss j
Susie Stevens, 32, colored, of;
4932 Nash street N.E., a passen- j
ger in the Price car. Both were ;
admitted to District General I
Hospital. The two drivers were !
admitted to Prince Georges Gen
eral Hospital.
Both Drivers Charged.
Police Corpl. Oral Husk said
the collision occurred about
midnight Saturday, when the
Covington car apparently skidded
out of control to the wrong 1
side of the road and was hit
broadside by the other car.
He said warrants were sworn
out against both Covington and
Price charging them with man
slaughter, reckless driving and
speeding, with an additional
warrant charging Covington
with driving on the wrong side
of the road. ’
Driver Unhurt as Car
Drops 20 Feet in Ravine
A woman driver escaped seri
ous injury today when her auto
mobile skidded on ice, crashed
through a guard rail and dropped
20 feet into a ravine on Old
Dominion drive in Fairfax
The woman, Mrs. Mary W.
Kuhn, 25 ,of 1943 Hileman road,
McLean, was treated at Arling
ton Hospital for scratches on
her face and a knee injury. The
hospital said she was not seri
ously hurt.
The accident occurred at the
Pimmit Run Bridge on Old
Dominion drive. Fairfax Coun
ty police said Mrs. Kuhn's car
missed toppling into the water,
but was almost demolished by
the plunge.
Windsor Tries to Help Himself
In Union Station Lunchroom
“Now I should know that •
face,” a waitress thought to her
self yesterday looking into the ;
somewhat sad eyes of a former j
king of England.
The little man had walked i
into the Gateway Lunch Room
at Union Station early yesterday
and had mistaken the place for
a cafeteria. With that, he had
gone behind the counter to the
steam table and was about to
help himself.
Mrs. Roxie George, the wait
ress, was standing close by. She
heard the voice with the Eng
lish accent say, “Let’s see what’
we can have . . .”
Mrs. George told the customer
he was not allowed behind the
counter. She showed him to a
table, knowing the face was
familier but failing to recognize
the Duke of Windsor.
“A lot of people think this
place is a cafeteria,” Mrs. George
said. “They might get hurt there
near the steam table.”
A moment later, Mrs. Charlot
! Zoning of 7-Acre Tract
Sought for Apartments
Rezoning for apartments of a
seven-acre tract on North Roose
; velt street adjoining Oakwood
| Cemetery near Seven Corners
; will be considered on February 28
by the Falls Church City Council.i
Also requested is rezoning of
three acres at the same location
ito a less restricted residential
On the same date, the Council
will consider and hold a public
hearing on two other rezoning
General commercial zoning is
sought for two tracts at Old
Fairfax road and Cavalier trail,
and at Hillwood avenue between
Liberty avenue and Douglas
It Does Happen Here
Nearly Half of 1954 Traffic Deaths
Are Blamed on Driving Too Fast
Traffic Director George E. *
Keneipp at 6:45 o’clock to
night will present another
program in a weekly series, >
"Traffic Director’s Mailbag,"
over WMAL-TV. Channel 7. ;
The show will include a dis
cussion of traffic situations
like the one pictured here.
Excessive speed figured in
almost half of the traffic deaths 1
here in 1954.
The city’s traffic took 59 lives
during the year. Breaking the
speed limit, or traveling too fast
for road conditions, was a factor
in 29 of the deaths.
Drivers who broke the speed
limit caused 10 of these fatali
ties. The other 19 resulted from
violations where the motorist
was within the limit, but still
traveling too rapidly for traffic
conditions. These offenses in
cluded colliding, passing stand
ing streetcars and failing to yield
the right of way.
Officials emphasize that 15
miles an hour may be considered
an unreasonable speed under un
favorable road conditions.
As shown in the sketch here,
the speed limit in Washington is
25 miles per hour, unless other
wise marked. During the periods
of activity at schools and play
grounds the limit is 15.
During 1954. 18.996 persons
were arrested for speeding in the
te Powers, another waitress,
bounced up to Mrs. George with
the news: "That’s the Duke of
! Windsor.”
! The Duke, affable to every one.
! soon was surrounded by other
waitresses and busy signing his
autograph over shirred eggs j
topped with creamed turkey, j
grapefruit juice and coffee.
Mrs. George offered him an
apron and said it would be per- i
fectly all right if he wanted j
to help himself at the steam'
The Duke laughed.
• "I had him sign a page of a
book I had.” Mrs. George said.
The book was ‘Applied Business
Law.’ He seemed interested in
it . . . flipped through it. He
said he’d like to have a copy.”
Soon the Duke had departed
back to his train bound for New
York from Florida.
“We’re never surprised by
any one we see here,” Mrs.
George said today. She didn’t
J even say it was a small world.
Arlington Will Argue
Vepco Rates Feb. 28
By the Associated Press
RICHMOND, Feb. 7—Arling
ton County’s appeal from higher
rates granted the Virginia Elec
tric & Power Co. is on the docket
to be argued before the Virginia
Supreme Court of Appeals
: February 28.
Also due to the argued at that
time is a suit testing Virginia’s
' compulsory attendance law, and
a fight by Southern Railway to
j halt the operation of two pas
senger trains between Richmond
and Danville.
Alexandria Dinner Dance
The Retail Merchants’ Asso
ciation of Alexandria will hold
its annual meeting and dinner
dance at the George Mason Ho- j
tel at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow.

$15,000 Fire Sweeps
Home of Editor Who
Exposed Stringfellow
| An early-morning fire yester
day caused about $15,000 dam
age to the Bethesda (Md.) home
! of Harold C. Stagg, senior editor
; of the Army Times,
j Mr. Stagg exposed the war
! record hoax of former Repre
sentative Douglas Stringfellow of
I Utah last fall.
; The blaze, about 2 a.m., routed
' Mr. Stagg’s wife and two sons.
! Philip. 17, and David, 13, as it
swept through the interior of >
the 2 Vi -story brick home at 9435
Rose Hill drive. Mr. Stagg got
home just about the same time
that firemen arrived.
The elder boy was awakened
by smoke in his second-floor
bedroom. He got his mother and
brother up, guided them down
stairs through the smoke and
then telephoned for help.
Five fire companies responded
—Bethesda, Chevy Chase, Glen
Echo, Cabin John and Rock
ville—but were hampered by lack
of water, according to Bethesda
Fire Capt. P. L. Oldfield. The
nearest supply was three-fourths
of a mile away at Cabin John
Capt. Oldfield said faulty wir
ing in a basement recreation
room may have been responsible.
The blaze raged through hot
air ducts in the walls and spread
, through the kitchen flqor, dining
room ceiling, the stairway wall
and the floor of Philip’s bed
room, he reported.
Service Station Sought
An application to erect and
operate a service station on Wil
son boulevard at the proposed
extension of North Roosevelt
street will be considered by the
Falls Church Board of Zoning
Appeals at 8 p.m. on February
16. The property is part of the
\ Thorne tract and the applicant
is Jack Coppersmith.
B *
Await Budget
Plans for r 56
$265 Million Slated
In McKeldin Program
Due Wednesday
By tfw Associated Press
ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 7.—The
Maryland Legislature will be
handed the big job of its 90-day
session Wednesday—Gov. Mc-
Keldin’s proposed budget for the
fiscal year starting July 1.
The total amount to be ex
pended by State agencies is ex
pected to run more than $265
million, another new high. Mary
land taxpayers probably will be
asked to come up with S3O mil
lion more than last year.
The only alternative for the
Legislature, according to Gov.
McKeldin, is to provide less serv
ice for such things as schools,
welfare and health.
The Governor has said he will
propose getting the extra money
from taxes on sales and income.
He estimates a 50 per cent in
crease in each will raise whats
Legislators undoubtedly will
toy with other proposals since
many of them are politically
fearful of raising the sales tax
in particular.
The two finance committees
will start their tedious task of
going through the budget de
partment by department a week
from tomorrow. From then on it
will be their principal occupa
The budget tfork is starting
a week later than usual. Becausa
he is starting a new term, Gov.
McKeldin had a right to delay
submitting it until 30 days after
he was inaugurated, instead of
a month after the Legislature
convened January 4.
Auto Inspection is Issue.
The main topics of hearings
this week are compulsory motor
vehicle inspection, comic books,
a Baltimore arena and the State
Roads Commission.
A subcommittee of the House
Ways and Means is meeting this
afternoon with representatives
of Pennsylvania and Delaware to
hear how compulsory auto in
spection works in their States.
The Maryland Legislature is
weighing a proposal to have the
State lease buildings and make
the inspections once a year. Del
aware has a similar system,
while Pennsylvania licenses pri
vate garages to make the inspec
Maryland gave up the private
garage method in 1937 after 10
A Move to keep comic books
; depicting almost any kind of
crime out of the hands of chil
dren under 18 will be discussed
by the House Judiciary Commit
: tee tomorrow. The burden of
j banning the books will be on the
! vendors.
To Study Arena Plan.
The second proposal for estab
lishment of a quasi-municipal
body to operate an arena in
Baltimore will be gone over by
the city delegation Wednesday.
It is proposed to establish an
authority to sell bonds privately
to laise the money to build the
arena. After the arena is clear of
debt it is supposed to become the
property of Baltimore.
The Senate Finance Com
mittee also will take up Wednes
day several bills relating to the
State Roads Commission, a
popular topic this session.
The most important one calls
for an investigation of the com
mission’s operations.
Some said they felt it is justi
fied when Gov. McKeldin in
effect disagreed last week with
the commission's arguments that
it couldn’t get along for another
year with higher license tag
fees. The Governor signed the
postponement on the basis of
research by his personal staff
after the commission had argued
against the delay before the
State-Tax Assistance
Offered in Counties
The Maryland controller’s of
fice has announced the dates
when its field representatives
will visit nearby communities
to assist taxpayers in filing their
State income tax returns.
The visits are in addition to
aid offered by permanent offices
of the income tax division at
the State Office Biuding in An
napolis and in Dundalk, Balti
more and Washington. The lat
ter office is in the Interntional
Office Building, 1319 F street
N.W. «
Among the places to be visited
and the dates assigned are:
Leonardtown (courthouze). February
14 and 15; Mechanicsville (County Trust
Co.). February 16; La Plata (court
house), February 17 and 18: Indian
Head (Parran Agency). February 21 and
23: Prince Frederick (courthouse), Feb
ruary 24; Solomons (County Trust Co.).
February 26. and Laurel (Citizens' Na
tional Bank). February 28
Also, Laurel (District Training School).
March 1-3; Hyattsville (County Bervlca
Building), March 7-11; Rockville (court
house). March 14-18, and Upper Marl
boro (courthouse). March 21-28.
Also. Westminster icourthouse). Feb
ruary 14-15; Ellicott City (courthouse).
February ]«; Mount Airy (First National
Bank). February 17; Brunswick (Bank
of Brunswick). February 23; Frederick
(courthouse), March 14 to April 15. and
Hagerstown (courthouse). February 1*
to April 16.
Hyattsville Men's Club
To See Football Movies
Motion pictures of University
of Maryland football game high
lights will be shown at a meet
ing of the DeMatha Men’s Club
of Hyattsville, Md. at 8 p.m.
Wednesday in the DeMatha High
Assistant football coach Bob
Ward will discuss the game
plays. A business session will
include action on a new con
stitution and by-law*.*

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