THE EVENING STAR
Washington, D. C.
TUESDAY. FEBKt'AIY I. IMB
Senators Plan Call
Os Other Witnesses
Along With Matusow
By L. Edgar Prina
The Senate Internal Security
subcommittee has decided to
wait until a Federal grand Jury
completes its investigation of
Harvey M. Matusow before it
calls him to testify.
Chairman Eastland yesterday
set next Tuesday as the tentative
date for the former Communist’s
return to Capitol Hill, where
Matusow now says he gave false
testimony against persons he
identified as Reds.
The subcommittee plans to call
"two or three” other witnesses
at the time of the Matusow hear
ing. according to Senator East
land. These witnesses were not
named, but a subcommittee an
nouncement said it planned to
check “a considerable number of
individuals whose public activi
ties" have aroused its interest,
and to seek “a solution of hither
to unexplained conundrums”
Subpoena Suspension Asked.
Meanwhile, a nearing on a mo
tion to suspend a grand jury
subpoena served on Matusow is
scheduled in New York today
before Federal Judge Edward
Attorneys for the convicted 13
second-string Communist lead
ers and a left-wing labor union
official contend that Matusow
may be "muzzled” if he is inter
rogated by the grand jury before
the courts act on motions for
new trials for their clients.
Matusow recently signed sworn
statements that he gave false
testimony in the above cases.
Assistant Attorney General
William F. Tompkins, head of the
Justice Department's Internal
Security Division, is in New York
to #lh'ect the Government’s pror
ceedings before Judge Dimock
and the grand jury.
Brownell Pledges Probe.
This was revealed after the
release of a statement by Attor
ney General Brownell that the
Justice Department's inquiry
into “varying testimony and
statements” of Matusow, begin
ning with his first appearance as
a Government witness in July,
1952, “will be continued vigor
ously until all the facts are
ascertained . . .”
He observed that Matusow's
affidavits admitting untrue testi
mony “have become the subject
of worldwide Communist propa
The Government presumably
wants Matusow to state under
oath exactly wherein he gave his
"false" testimony. The possibil
ity that he originally told the
truth and is lying now has not
Seek Reds' Role.
Also the question of what part,
if any, the Communist Party, or
its representatives may have
played in Matusow's flip-flop is
expected to be explored.
A left-wing publishing house
handled Matusow's new book.
And the Communist Daily Work
er announced in heavy front
page type that its Sunday edi
tion would carry “Harvey Matu
sow's Own Story.”
Did Matusow have any help in
writing the book, which details
his "false" testimony? How was
the book financed? The Govern
ment wants to know.
On another' front, the East
land subcommittee announced
that it would ask the Senate for
$260,000 for its expanded pro
gram of hunting subversives in
and out of Government.
The chairman said investiga
tions already under way would
be continued and announced new
ones, including “an inquiry into
what interest, if any. the Com
munist conspiracy has in the
traffic of narcotic drugs either
as a revenue builder or as an
instrument for gaining pliable
recruits for its nefarious proj
Mr. Eastland also revealed
that his staff is studying the
diaries of former Secretary of
the Treasury Henry Morgen
thau, jr. He said that when
this is completed “the sub
committee will discuss with Mr.
Morgenthau the best possible
use of this material in the na
(Continued From First Page.)
present SII,BOO a year. For the
last five years he has been at
the top of Grade 15. He was
named to his present post by
Democrats and retained it under
the two years of the Republican
Mr. Reese is carried on the
country registration lists as a ;
His appointment to the coun
ty manager's post was expected
to satisfy those who have
pounded the drums for a local
man acquainted with local prob
lems. The appointment also was
seen as the Democratic Party’s
recognition of the career service
of Federal employes.
A native of Hazleton, Pa., he
was graduated from high school
there in 1927 and four years later
he received his bachelor of
science degree from Stout In- ,
stitute in Menomonle. Wis. He
specialized in industrial educa- |
tion and social and political
Mr. Reese later did graduate
work in administration and per
sonnel management at the Uni
versity of Wisconsin.
Mr. Reese's administrative ex
perience has been varied and has
extended into both governmental
and private fields.
From 1931 to 193 T he was
director of guidance and person
nel with the Green Bay (Wis.)
Vocational and Adult School.
He then teek charge of the pur-
'- ■ '
—AP WircDhoto. j
KEY FIGURES IN MOSCOW SHAKEUP—Usovo.—Seen on a recent visit to this farm village
j near Moscow are Nikita S. Khrushchev (left), secretary of the Central Committee of the
‘ Communist Party, and Georgi Malenkov, whose unexpected resignation as Soviet Premier
was announced today. Mr. Khrushchev is holding a potato raised on a village farm.
' Power Granted to Malenkov
’ Didn't Quite Match Stalin's
By Tom Whitney
| Associated Press Staff Writer
: NEW YORK. Feb. B.— Georgi
[ 1 Malenkov came close but he
‘ | never quite succeeded in taking
over all the power once held by
the late Joseph Stalin.
, But from obscure beginnings,
' this short fat man rose high.
| Mr. Whitney was Associated Press cor
| respondent in Moscow tor many years.
He appeared to have a lot of
i what it takes for success in the
. Soviet Union—but apparently
nqt quite enough.
To the outside world, Mr.
Malenkov had two personalities,
two distinct characters —one be
j fore Stalin died and quite a dif
ferent one after Stalin.
Before Stalin died, he was
known chiefly for the scowl in
his photographs. After Stalin’s
death, he showed himself as a
smiling chubby fellow with thick,
wavy hair and a winning way.
| Before Stalin died, Malenkov
never saw a foreigner, never
gave one an interview, never
spoke to one at a reception.
After Stalin’s death, Malenkov
received a few foreigners in his
office but saw many at official
receptions—not only in the
Kremlin but also in foreign
embassies. He had lengthy con
versations with foreign ambas
sadors and was frank in ex
pressing to' them some of his
views, and ideas.
Malenkov's rise was as dra
matic as his fall.
Long a Man of Mystery.
For a long time he was a man
of mystery, with very little
known about his past. In the
last year some of that mystery
warn ’■ - m
M. L. REESE.
chasing and sales for the Apple
ton (Wis.) Pure Milk Co. and
from 1938 through 1940 served
as general manager of the
Quaker Dairy Co. in the same
town. In the iatter post he esta
blished and organized an ice
cream and milk processing plant.
Before coming to Washington
he was in charge of materials
and personnel for a construction
company, the activities of which
were confined to road building
and bridge construction.
3 Years with WPB.
After a three-year stay with
j the WPB in Washington he
joined the War Assets Adminis
tration where he served as direc
tor of two branches and was
responsible for developing poli
cies affecting the disposal of $9
billion worth of war surplus ma
terials in this country and
Mr. Reese later served as di-
I rector of the program planning
I and research division of the Oen
! eral Services Administration and
the program co-ordination divi
sion of the Federal Civil Defense
Mr. Reese is married and has
, two sons, Evan, 15, and Tommy,
Mrs. Reese is a teacher in
Montgomery County schools and
this year is at the West Rock
ville Elementary School. She in
tends to give up her Job. however,
as soon as he takes over the
Mr. Reese is a member of the
International City Manager’s As
sociation and the National Press
Club. He is a Presbyterian and
The new manager was one of
sevei who were in the final run
ning lor the post.
! has lifted. The large Soviet en
j cyclopedia has a full page biog
-1 raphy of him.
• He was born on January 8,
e j 1902. in Orenburg, on the bor
? 1 der between Europe and Asia.
1 His father is described as an
i "employe,” probably a middle
• | class business or government
-1 official. Although he eventually
' i became head of a government
which styled itself a “proletarian
dictatorship,” his background
f i appeared to be neither prole
> tarian nor working class.
r He volunteered in the Red
Army during the civil war. In
. April, 1920, he joined the Com
, munist Party and from 1919 to
■ 1921 he was a “political worker”
• in army units on the eastern
and Turkmenian fronts.
1 After demobilization from the
1 army he studied from 1921-1925
> at the Moscow Higher Technical
: School. There he first attracted
■ the attention of party higher
ups. He got an engineering edu
cation which was to prove useful
to him later. But more than
this he won his spurs in Com
• munist Party organization work.
' becoming one of the leaders of
> the party organization in the
, Did Responsible Work.
From 1925 to 1930 he was in
"responsible work in the appa
] ratus of the Central Committee
of the Communist Party,” ac
cording to his biography. Such
work often carries more actual
authority than official cabinetl
! Malenkov was soon assigned to
j one of the most responsible spots
—Stalin's personal secretariat,
i Reputedly he was in charge of
Stalin's own secret file on party
and government personalities
From the very start Malenkov
apparently was a key man in se
lection of top-level personnel in
From 1930 to 1943 Malenkov
was “in leadership work in the
Moscow Committee of the Com
munist Party,” a key organiza
tion of the Soviet Union at a
key period. At this time there
were emerging in the Soviet Cap
ital those young men destined \
to move shortly afterward into ;
top spots in the Soviet setup. j
Malenkov was the head of the
Moscow Communist Party’s per- :
"From 1934 to 1939 he headed
the section of leading party or- i
gans of the Central Committee I
of the Soviet Communist Party,” j
| the official biography states.
Those were the years of Stalin’s
! blood purge. Throughout it
! Malenkov was responsible to
' Stalin for recommending dismis
sals of men from leading posi- |
tions and promotion of other
men to fill their jobs. One au
i thority on the Soviets has said
< that Malenkov was one of a
i three-man committee under
Stalin to purge the party. He
played a leading role in the 1937
purge of nearly the entire top
layer of Communist Party and
government posts in order to fill
them with new men owing their
all to Stalin.
Held Key Positions.
In 1939, Malenkov was elected
to the party Central Committee
and that March was elected a
secretary of the committee, a
member of the organization bu
reau, and chief of the adminis
tration of committee personnel.
These key positions made him
one of the four or five most
powerful men under Stalin.
Attache of Russia
'Frankly Can't Tell' j
Os Embassy Effects
! Changes in the leadership
of the U. S. S. R. brought no
comment from the Soviet j
Embassy here, as usual.
Ambassador Georgi N.
aroubin is in Moscow. He
was called there for consul- >
ration late last month. A
press officer, asked whether
the Malenkov resignation
was to bring personal shifts
here, replied in a half-chuc- j
; ‘2 can't tell you, frankly.” |
D.C. Police Inspector
Takes Over as Head
Os Capitol Force
Metropolitan Police Inspector
Robert C. Pearce today took over
as head of the Capitol Police
1 The appointment was made
Iby the Capitol Police Board
! yesterday. Members of the board
are Joseph C. Duke, chairman,
who is Senate sergeant at arms; j
Zeke Johnson, House sergeant at 1
arms, and J. George Stewart, ’
architect of the Capitol.
, Inspector Pearce will succeed |
Capt. William J. Broderick, who'
has been head of the Capitol Po-;
lice Force during Republican ad
Sworn in Today.
Sworn into office shortly be
fore noon today. Inspector Pearce 1
said he wanted to make
sure all the members were prop
erly trained and qualified.
He said he had a plan to as
sign the men. five at a time, to
go to the Metropolitan Police
Department pistol range to check
training on fire arms. He quick
ly added, however, that he
thought at least most of the
men already were qualified.
Asked about allowing Capitol
policemen to study law while on
duty, Inspector Pearce said he,
wanted to be “reasonable,” but j
that when a man was assigned |
i to patrol duty “we will be firm j
I as to that. He will be on patrol
If a man was assigned to some
desk job and looked at a law
book when he had no work to do,
that would be another matter,
Inspector Pearce Indicated.
Remains on District Force.
Congress will reimburse the
District government for the sal
ary of Inspector Pearce, who will
be left on the Metropolitan pay
roll so he can receive full re
This system of payment will;
follow the precedent previously;
established on Capitol Hill in
the case of two officers assigned
to full-time duty at the Capitol.
They are Lts. Michael Dowd and
j Carl Schamp. assigned respec- j
tively to the Senate and House
wings. They receive the pay of
Old System Not Dropped.
The appointment of Inspector
I Pearce does not mean the sys- j
j tern of appointing Capitol police
by patronage from members of
the House and Senate has been
Atempts in the last Congress
to eliminate the patronage sys
tem and set up the police force
under a merit system with civil
service benefits and retirement
failed. The House passed such
a bill, but the Senate buried it. i
New College Head
EVANSVILLE, Ind., Feb. 8 UP.
—Dr. Melvin W. Hyde, assistant
president of Drake University,
Des Moines. lowa, was named
president of Evansville College
yesterday. He succeeds Prof.
Dean B. Long, who has been act
ing president since Dr. Lincolnj
B. Hale left the position last;
; June. • '
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’ G. 0. P. Chiefs Agree
With President on
President Eisenhower and Re
publican congressional leaders
agreed today that the full mean
ing of today’s surprise change in
Soviet leadership iqay mot be
known for some time.
Senate Republican Leader
Knowland, one of a group of
Senate and House leaders con
ferring with the President this
morning, told reporters that
“only time will tell” whether the
shift in Moscow will lead toward
“peace or conflict.” The Presi
dent and members of his White
House staff cautiously withheld
any comment until their mean
ing can be assessed with greater
Mr. Eisenhower scheduled a
news conference for 10:30 a.m
tomorrow, when he undoubtedly
. will' be pressed for his reaction
to the resignation of Soviet Pre-
News on Malenkov
Just Another Ripple,
Secretary of Defense Wil
: son, a man who can laugh
! .at himself, has found an
j other “ripple”' on the trou
! bled waters of the interna
j Testifying before a House !
Armed Services subcommit- j
| tee today, he was asked how |
the Malenkov resignation af
fected the military reserve •
“I don’t want to be mis
understood. but as f ar as
our military program is con
cerned, it’s Just another rip
ple.” he said with a chuckle.
His quip referred to his
off-the-cuff statement last
week describing the Formosa
situation as “just a little
mier Malenkov, the advance
ment of Defense Minister Niko
lai Bulganin to Premier and the
apparent emergence of Nikita
Khrushchev as the real power
in Moscow. 4
j The President got the first
news of the unexpected change
i in Soviet leaders shortly before
he went into an 8:30 a.m. con
ference today with the G. O. P.
congressional leaders—a weekly
conference on legislative mat
Senator Knowland told report
; ers after the conference that
j there was some discussion of the
Moscow developments aqjt that
; the “general consensus” of con
ferees was that "it is too early
I to know' just what the signifl
; cance is.”
White House Press Secretary
James C. Hagerty said the Pres
| ident was getting frequent re
ports from the State Department
on the matter, as well as reports
from other Government agencies.
He did not identify the other
Government agencies, but pre
sumably the Central Intelligence
Agency was relaying to Mr. Ei
senhower its secret analysis of
what might be expected from
Soviet policy directed by Mar
Wiley Sees Proof of Instability.
At the Capitol Senator Wiley,
, Republican, of Wisconsin, said
: the surprising turn of events
I proves that conditions in Russia
j are unstable.
“This indicates that anything
; can happen in Russia now,” Sen
ator Wiley, former chairman of
the Senate Foreign Relations
“The ferment is working.” he
said. “No man is wise enough to
know what will happen tomor
row. No one knows now whether
this is liquidation or fermenta
“L«t us keep our heads so we
do not add to the confusion.”
Senator Wiley said the shift
could mean that Red China will
i get new support or directions
from the Kremlin.
Senator Hickenlooper, Repub
lican, of lowa, a member of the
! Foreign Relations Committee,
j said the change "might indicate
| some turmoil within the dicta
| torship there."
1941 Parallel Cited.
Senator Knowland Warned the
country not to lose sight of an
ominous parallel in the resigna
; tion of Prince Fumimaro Konoye
as Japanese premier shortly be
fore Pearl Harbor
“We must not completely lose
sight of the fact that the resig
nation of Prince Konoye in 1941
indicated a basic change in Japa
nese policy,” Senator Knowland
"Whether these implications
(of the Moscow change) will be
directed toward peace or con
flict, only time will tell.”
Fund for Fire Truck
Volunteers of the Dunn Loring
(Va.) Fire Department have j
launched a drive to raise at least
$6,000 by March 1 to make the
down payment on a new truck.
The ladies auxiliary of the de
partment is helping to canvas
homes in the area served by the
Pinay Calls Parley
On North Africa in
Bid to Be Premier
By tte Associated Brass
PARIS, Feb. B.— Seeking to
form France’s 21st postwar gov
ernment, Antoine > Pinay sum
moned his country’s top admin
istrators in North Africa to con
ferences today on future p"''ey
in the troubled colonial area.
The* 63-year-old prospective
premier scheduled ' conferences
with Algeria’s outgoing governor
general. Roger Leonard: his des
ignated successor, Jacques Sous
telle; Tunisia’s resident general,
Gen. Pierre Boyer de la Tour,
and Moroccoan resident general,
With them Mr. Pinay hoped
to work out a North African
program agreeable to political
leaders whose backing he needs
to give him a majority in the
National Assembly. North Af
rican policy was the issue on
which the Assembly voted Pre
mier Pierre Mendes-France out
of office early Saturday.
Ms. Pinay planned to begin
his talks with the heads of the
numerous parties late today. He
said ihe expected to have a pro
gram and a cabinet list drawn
up for Assembly approval or
rejection by Friday, a day later
| than he had previously an
' Needing the votes of about'
300 of the Assembly’s 627 mem
bers, Mr. Pinay started out with
; about 135. These included mem
bers of his own Conservative
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Independent Republicans. th(
Peasants and the Gaullist So
cial and Republican Action
His chief hopes were the
Catholic Popular Republican
movement and Mr. Mendes-
France’s party, the Radical So
cialists. The latter split badly
In turning Mr. Mendes-France
i out. Both parties were reported
. 1 hesitating at supporting Mr.
. | Pinay.
' i The Duke of Argyll, chieftain
of the Campbell clan, was host at i
s a recent meeting in Scotland
i which drew Campbells from all:
j parts of the globe.
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16 Girl Pays With Life 4
For Curiosity About Box
By the A* soda ted Nu
WEST SACRAMENTO. Calif.,
Feb. 8 —Curiosity about a large
wooden box of toys coat 14-
month-old Peggy Ann Boylan
Peggy, staying with a neighbor
while her mother went shopping
yesterday, reached down Into
the box. The lid fell on her.
The neighbor. Mrs. John Allen,
| rushed the child to a fire sta
: tion. A doctor pronounced her
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