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" THE EVENING STAR, Washington, D. C. WEDNESDAY. TOaCAIT >• IMS Zhukov, Idolized by Russians, Also Is Liked in Free World ■V . ' By Tom Whitney and William L. Ryan Auociatod Prtu Staff Writers Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov, the new Soviet Minilter of De fense, has a unique position on the Soviet scene. He’s the only top-ranking Soviet citizen who inspires im mense respect and also *ome measure of affection not only among Russians but also among peoples of non-Communist coun tries as well. His name is one .to conjure with both in internal and ex ternal Soviet politics. This fact makes Marshal Zhukov a power ful political factor whether he himself wishes to be or not. Knows Eisenhower. He is the only top-ranking Russian who has personal ac quaintance with President Eisen hower. That dates from Mr. Eisenhower's days as supreme commander in Europe. Marshal Zhukov has displayed * flair for politics uncommon in most soldiers. With one of the most brilliant records of any Soviet soldier in World War 11, Marshal Zhukov, captor of Berlin and hero to the Russian masses, found after a time that he was able to throw that great weight around. He did. Now 59 years old, Marshal Zhukov has a glitter which once threatened to overshadow that of Joseph Stalin, a possibility which brought about the eclipse of Marshal Zhukov for about four years. Bulganin Clash Reported. The same glitter, plus a re sistance to the interference of party bureaucrats in the purely military affairs of the army, caused the marshal to clash with 1,1 i West Europe’s Press Sees New Hardships For Russian People By tha Associated Pross LONDON, Feb. 9. West Europe’s non-Communist press took the view today that the new regime in Moscow presages new hardships for the Soviet people and a still more unyield ing attitude toward the Western world. This was the conclusion they drew from the emerging dom inance of Soviet Communist Party Secretary Nikita S. Khrushchev, described by the Laborite London Daily Herald as “the man who puts steel be fore butter and ammunition before the Russian people's ap petites." Several West German news papers saw Georgi Malenkov’s departure from power as a blow to Western hopes of negotiating an end to the cold war. Some Comfort Found. Supporters of West German rearmament took sogie comfort from the switch in Kremlin lead ership. Chancellor Konrad Ade nauer said in a speech in Frank furt last night that Malenkov’s fall had blighted the hopes of rearmament’s foes that the So- | viets would come to terms on German reunification. London’s Liberal News Chron icle said Malenkov's downfall may speed the retirement of Sir Winston Churchill, Britain’s 80- year-old Prime Minister. Mr. Churchill has described a lasting peace as “this last great prize I seek to win.” The News Chronicle said the old man may “now decide that the tide of world events is running too fiercely against him and be re conciled to retirement in the im mediate future.” Patience May Be Ended. In West Germany the inde pendent Frankfurter Algemeine wondered whether the West’s “so-called policy of strength was not too much based on a naive assumption that the Russians were so patient they would re main indefinitely ready to ne gotiate.” “It is not impossible that this patience has come to an end now,” the paper commented. The independent Frankfurter Rundschau agreed: “There is every reason to regret that op portunities have been missed during the two years of post- Stalin policy.” Italians speculated that the change in Moscow may have repercussions in Italy’s big Com- i munist Party, whose Secretary Palmiro Togliatti is regarded as a moderate of Malenkov’s stripe. II Quotidlano, voice of the Italian Catholic Action group, said per haps Malenkov's fall means a point for former Deputy Party Secretary Pietro Secchia. who was demoted recently amid ru mors he had incited the faction's 1 tough “action now” wing to op pose Togliatti. /& Fastest First Class f M anti Air Coash Service \\\ fa one-stop ro' \ m I PACIFIC U \U NORTHWEST! S \\\ PORTLAND 10U hrs. V\\ UATTLS IV/4 hr,. \\\ Call Starling J-0470 jm UlWP— ■>/ or on authoring E mSEJj high-ranking party leaders Among these, it has been re. ported, was his predecessor a: Soviet defense minister. N. A , Bulganin, a marshal who nevei - commanded troops and an arm: i bureaucrat with a flair for gov ernment finances. Marsha I Bulganin is the new Soviel ■ Premier. : Despite the opposition to in ' terference before and durint ! World War Jl, Marshal Zhuko: ■ apparently remained a partj man and a party general. H< i |is a Communist, and probablj | will be swayed by Communisi ; | dialectics in his approach tc • world problems. He is Just a: : - apt to use the party as a tool foi Russian expansion as any non military party leader. On a white charger, tradi :; tional mount of the militarj ruler. Marshal Zhukov rode ir triumph through Moscow’s Rec Square, before the eyes of 2 mil lion spectators, while the radio and the press blared his glories 1 as the conqueror of Germany. i Son of Peasants. Marshal Zhukov is thorouiiily > Russian in looks, outlook and , background. A son of peasants, he was born in 1896 in a village 60 miles from Moscow. As a boy in Moscow he worked as a fur rier’s apprentice. When World War I came, he turned up in the Czar’s army, where tiis love and knowledge of horses got him into the 10th Regiment of the Nov gorod Dragoons. He soon be came a non-commissioned of ficer, and for his exploits was decorated with Czarist medals. But after the Bolshevik revo lution. he joined the Red Army to fight in the civil war. In 1939 Zhukov was at the head of tank divisions facing the Japanese in Mongolia, where his troops destroyed the Jap anese 6th Army. Attacked Commissar System. In the Soviet war with Finland, Zhukov served on the staff of Marshal Semyon Timoshenko. At its conclusion he became a general of the army and com mander of the Kiev military dis trict in the Ukraine. It was there that he first attacked the Communist political commissar system in the army as a hin drance to efficient military oper ations. The commissars could overrule a commander's decision. It took courage to stand out against the system, particularly at a time when a great purge was just coming to a close, but Zhukov apparently won out. Stalin brought him to Moscow to reorganize the army with more authority for command officers. In the preinvasion days of 1941 Zhukov was a vice commissar of defense and an alternate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. When the Germans attacked, it fell to him to save Moscow . He did. Zhukov, alternately command ing field armies and working in the Kremlin on grand strategy, finally came to command troops numbering many millions. When he lifted the siege of Leningrad in 1943, he was made a marshal. Zhukov, who planned the victory at Stalingrad, drove the Ger mans from the Ukraine and the Crimea, and blasted into the Baltic countries, Poland and Germany itself. It was Marshal Zhukov who sent 4,000 tanks rolling into Berlin to begin the coup de grace which ended Hit ler's career. Praised American Tactics. Zhukov expressed admiration of American tactics, strategy and general boldness in the war, and appeared to have had a warm feeling for Gen. Eisen hower, then the supreme allied commander. After all the glories of the triumph had passed into his tory. Marshal Zhukov in 1946- still a glittering hero—found himself suddenly kicked upstairs as commander of Soviet ground forces. A year later he was sent I quietly into the Ukraine to be come commander of the Odessa military district, a sharp de motion for a man of his stature. For almost four years, little was heard of Zhukov. Sud denly he reappeared in Moscow at a Supreme Soviet session, and then at a Communist demon stration in Poland. He gained more and more prominence as | time went by. Marshal Zhukov became the topic of excited international gossip in November. 1953. The occasion was a big reception : given by Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov in honor of the 37th anniversary of the Bolshevik 1 revolution. Supports Bohlen Toast. At the reception, during the course of many toasts, United States Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen offered a toast to justice. Later, Marshal Zhukov was sum moned to the head table. The , then trade minister, Anatas 1 Mikoyan, asked Zhukov to make | a toast. Zhukov, looking sternly dis- Senate Confirms Fimicane As Army Undersecretary By the Associated Prsss The Senate yesterday approved by unanimous voice vote the nomination of Charles C. Finu- j cane of Spokane. Wash., as Un s dersecretary of the Army. It also approved these other - nominations: i Albert Pratt of Massachusetts, - as Assistant Secretary of the I Navy. : Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, for mer head of the Central Intelli ■ gence Agency, as a member of ' the National Security Training ’ Commission. ’ Harlan Bruce Munger of New ! York and George P. Daley of ’ Minnesota, as members of the 1 Farm Credit Board, Farm Credit > Administration. i * I approving of the proceedings in which high-ranking leaders of j the hierarchy were beginning to ’ reel from the procession of ; toasts, stood up solemnly. ! wish,” he said, "to support I , the toast of the American am | bassador to justice.” Mikoyan snapped: “What’s the j matter, Zhukov, can't you make I your own toast?” “I repeat,” said Zhukov som berly. “I wish to support the toast to justice.” Beria Development Followed. : Shortly after this there was action- on the case of the ar- j rested police boss. Lavrenti Beria.! A military court announced it j had found him guilty of treason ! and that he and his henchmen j were shot by a firing squad. I The speculation centered about Marshal Zhukov as displaying the great new power of the Soviet army. Zhukov, it was , said, wanted the Beria case : cleared up in the eyes of the public, and the secret police— an army rivaling the regular I military—discredited. Thus, Marshal Zhukov’s ap pointment today begins to look like a deal between the army I and the Communist Party, a | sort of sharing of the rule, the party ruling with the tolerance | of the arfny at the moment. f ■ ■■ i ' . $ at last! a [FLANNEL; suit that stays in shape! , ; . ■ .>-~ / | St' ' it . 20% LIGHTER IN WEIGHT . J. KEEPS ITS PRESS IN RAIN iif : OR SHINEi... LUXURIOUS FEEL ... YET WEARS AND WEARS! Y” ES, all the luxurious feel and drape of fine flannel . . . but 20% lighter. . perfect for Washington’s climate ■| |i| ... to wear and wear ... in comfort, almost the year ’round! * by GRAMERCY PARK i Soft as a lamb, with the strength of a lion . . . with press* ' retaining features never before equaled—thanks to *^ e P cr^ect mfl ting of 65% wool and 35% DYNEL. 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