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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 10, 1955, Image 27

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. David Lawrence—
* A Golden Opportunity Missed
* Eisenhower Might Have Created Good Will With Peoples
Behind Iron Curtain by Offering Them Surplus Food
• * What a golden opportunity
the spokesmen of the free
world have missed in the last
24 hours! Instead of public
expressions that fluctuate be
• f tween fear over whether a
“tougher” Soviet policy is in
prospect or whether the road
• ’ is open to more appeasement,
~ • the governmental leaders on
this side of the Iron Curtain
.. could well have drawn atten
tion to the plight of the Soviet
peoples and to measures that
some day can bring their lib
For the whole world has been
. witness to the operations of a
totalitarian regime which is
, worse than any of the despotic
i monarchies of the past.
Quite incidentally—it arose
, out of a reminiscence by the
, President of a talk he had in
1945 with Marshal Zhukov, the
new Minister of Defense in
the Moscow government—Mr.
va, Eisenhower told his press con
ference Wednesday how he had
. described to Zhukov the oper
ation of a free government.
• The President said:
~ "Now, I explained to him
( Zhukov' how absolutely im
possible it was for a democ
racy to organize a surprise ag
gression against anybody. Our
” processes are open. Every time
you get money or you change
•- anything in your military af
fairs, you go to Congress. It
s is debated. There is no pos
sibility of a country such as
» ■ ours producing a completely
j- surprise attack on any other,
o And that is what I was em
phasizing to him.”
This very week, however.
Malenkov was forced out by a
ai little group of men who im
, • posed a Premier without con
•K suiting the 200 million people
.. of Soviet Russia.
Everybody knows that the
main crisis inside the Soviet
Union today is the lack of food
... production. Yet the United
States has millions of bushels
- Doris Fleeson —
Old Guard Challenge Accepted
Eisenhower Faction of G. 0. P. Will Sound the Call.
Os Progressive-Moderates as Right Wing Meets
Lincoln s Birthday this year
will offer in Chicago a kind of
i preview of the Republican Na
tional Convention which is ex
pected to fill the same city in
August. 1956.
The Eisenhower administra
tion. it was learned, has de
termined to accept the chal
lenge of the Republican right.
!t which is staging an all-day
Lincoln rally in the Windy City
- next Saturday with Senators
McCarthy. Malone and Dirk
sen as speakers.
i Same day. same city, the
*" bugle call will be sounded for
-v the party to march forward
bunder the progressive-mod
'• erate banner of President Ei
•v senhower. The bugler will be
Secretary of Labor Mitchell
and the place the traditional
Lincoln Day dinner of the
State Central Committee.
The contrast should prove
spectacular and should send
careful Illinois politicians into
a brown study over the proper
division of their time and ap
The choice of Secretary
Mitchell as the voice of Eisen
”, hower at that particular time
and place is interesting. He is
the only cabinet member not
'Commissioners Order
- Analysis of Jail Facilities
The District Commissioners
yesterday ordered an analysis of
the city’s jail facilities, accord
ing to Col. Thomas A. Lane,
Engineer Commissioner.
The order was issued to Di
rector Donald Clefmer of the
Department of Corrections and
.Director Gerard M. Shea of the.
Department of Welfare.
They briefed the city heads.
on the possible effect of reported j
Federal plans to abandon use of (
the present National Training
School for Boys and to require
the District to take care of all
its own prisoners.
Offered several possible solu- j
tions, the Commissioners de- j
* tided to ask for the analysis in |
an attempt to get an overall
"look at the city's future prison
' needs.
Anti-Litter Slogan Date
Set in Montgomery
The last day for entries in
Montgomery County's anti-litter
at, the school in Sandy Springs,
contest for school children will
be February 20.
Greydon S. Tolson, chief of,
the county's Tree and Street i
Cleaning Division, yesterday an
nounced winners in the slogan
and essay contests will be award
v rd a total of SSO in Government
savings bonds.
Students in public and private ;
elementary schools in the coun-!
ty are eligible to submit anti-
Jitter slogans of not more than
10 words.
The winning slogan will be
painted on all county trash re
Contestants were asked to
bring their entries to either the
county School Board Office in
Itockville or the County Service
Building in B’thesda.
Vanished Village Sought
Scientists are excavating near
Orlingbury. England, in hope of
finding remains of a village thatj
disappeared more than 400 years
of grain and foodstuffs stored
in warehouses, and this sur
plus could be an instrument of
good will more powerful than
words. It will be recalled that
when the East German food
riots were under way two years
ago. Gen. Eisenhower offered
food packages. It was a mas
ter stroke in good relations
with the peoples of Eastern
Today the United States,
with an abundance of food, is
able to help out the peoples of
Soviet Russia and the satellite
states, all of which are under
nourished because of the re
stricted food supply. The peo
ple on the mainland of China
desperately need rice, as their
government at Peiping has
been exporting this commodity
so as to buy rubber from
If the United States offered
the Soviet and Chinese peo
ples a chance to solve their
agricultural problems with
farm machinery and promised
them, in the meantime, food
stuffs out of the surpluses
available here, the way would
be opened to tfre hearts of the
tens of millions of persons be
hind the Iron Curtain
For the road to peace lies
in awakening the peoples in
Soviet Russia and the satel
lite states to the fact that
they need not remain en
slaved indefinitely and that
economic help will be forth
coming if they will only estab
lish free governments which
the rest of the world could
trust. The billions of dollars
now being spent in prepara
tions for war could in large
part be used to give a new
life to the people of Soviet
Russia and the oppressed peo
ples of the neighboring states.
Just a few hours after the
news of the dismissal of Mal
enkov became known to the
world. Mr. Eisenhower was
broadcasting over what is
known as a closed television
circuit to 35 meetings
a millionaire and he has not
hesitated to cross swords with
the many spokesmen for busi
ness in the administration, in
cluding Secretary of Commerce
Broad - faced and broad
shouldered, he looks like a
fighter. While he speaks up
for labor within the admin
istration, he has on occasion
berated labor for w’hat he re
gards as its failure to appre
ciate the extent to which the
President has sought to mod
erate the Old Guard Republi
can policies on labor.
It cannot be said that Mr.
Mitchell has accomplished
many labor objectives, but he
has certainly prevented some
things from happening which
would have constituted a labor
grievance. He will also lead
the fight for an increase in the
minimum wage this year.
It is beginning to appear
that the Republicans really in
tend to fight the divisive influ
ence within their party so that
the re-election of the Presi
dent can be accomplished.
While their Chicago plans, for
example, are not exactly a
write-off of the extreme right
including the McCarthyites,
County School Official
Stricken by Heart Attack
School Supt. William S.
Schmidt of Prince Georges
County is in Prince Georges
General Hospital after being
Neckiacs $15.00 Earrings $16.00 (plus tax)
In fin* laatharttte gift ca,a
| I
Heart* in 14 Karat gold overlay, »et
with sparkling Austrian crystal*.
See our (election of fine quality jewelry
Acct. Invited Pay Weekly or Monthly H
lKfigiaMß3BHi!iEMSßeiHiiii!)Uiwi.i)w„.i!MuiHiiMi,^Daiiaiijmmaßmurjiniiiiiiiiiiiiiii | iiii
throughout the United States
where funds were being raised
to support “Radio Free Eu
rope.” This is a private or
ganization in which the for
mer Undersecretary of State.
Walter Bedell Smith, now is
playing a prominent part In
Mr. Eisenhower’s address there
were two pertinent para
“While we maintain our
vigilance at home and abroad,
we must help intensify the
will for freedom in the satellite
countries behind the Iron Cur
tain. These countries are in
the Soviet back yard, and only
so long as their people are re
minded that the outside world
has not forgotten them—only
that long do they remain as
potential deterrents to Soviet
“The great majority of the
70 "million captives in these
satellite countries have known
liberty in the past. They now
need our constant friendship
and help if they are to believe
in their future.”
Here was the first word of
encouragement to be issued
in a long time to some of the
peoples behind the Iron Cur
tain. Back in 1952. during the
presidential campaign, there
were speeches about “libera
tion.” but the Communists
abroad managed to persuade
timid persons in Britain and
America that, of course, a pol
icy of “liberation” by American
aims was being planned. As a
result of such pressure, the
idea has been soft-pedaled, so
now it is significant that Mr.
Eisenhower has boldly pro
claimed a revival of hope for
the oppressed and enslaved
peoples. That’s very good psy
chological strategy’, and. if it
were accompanied now by con
crete pledges of aid with food,
it would contribute much to
ward an eventual uprising by
the peoples throughout the
Iron Curtain territory.
(Reproduction RUht* Reserved)
they constitute a firm chal
lenge of that position.
Many politicians, looking
ahead to 1956, believe that
the President is secure, pos
sibly even invincible, if his
foreign policy does not come a
cropper. A country at peace
and generally prosperous could
re-elect him, they think, even
while giving him a Democratic
Congress as before.
The argument that the Pres
ident is stronger than the party
is a powerful weapon for Na
tional Chairman Hall in his
efforts to keep Republicans in
line. Certainly they cannot
suggest any candidate from
their ranks who would be any
thing like as strong.
More and more, Mr. Hall is
pushing to the sidelines the
critics Os the President and
his policies. The pull on the
President to the right still ex
ists and is shown in matters
like his school message, but
it comes from business ad
visers, not the politicians
whose names are associated
with the presidential candi
dacies of the late Senator
Taft. There is little the polit
icoes can do about it; they
may not like Ike. but they
know they need him.
stricken with a heart attack
His condition is serious, but he
was reported today to be im
Mr. Schmidt, 46, was stricken
* about 3 a.m. Tuesday while
! asleep in his home at 2813 Crest
:! avenue, Cheverly, Md.
LOUIE —By Harry Hanan
Fletcher Knebel —
Potomac Fever
Some coffee prices drop 15 cents a pound. Good thing.
Coffee was so expensive that to get your money’s worth when
drinking a cup, you had to swallow the saucer.
* * * *
Khrushchev is the man behind the throne in Russia. Best
place in the country to be. If you can’t get ahead—at least you
can get a head start.
* * * *
Expert analysis of the command change in Russia: Whatever
the trouble was, it wasn't enough.
* * * *
House Republican Leader Martin, a bachelor, has a date
with Tallulah Bankhead. This completes Mr. Martin's trans
formation from “Mr.- Speaker” to “Mr. Listener.”
* * * *
Nikolai Bulganin, the new Russian boss, didn’t run for office.
In Russia, the only thing a politician runs for is his life.
* * * *
The House votes a four.year extension of the draft. Don’t
worry, fellows. Army life isn’t so bad. You don't have to make
the big decisions. Some officer always tells you which line to
wait in.
** * *
CIO and AFL leaders discuss a labor merger. Unions are
having a tough time. They used to divide up the workers—but
i now Internal Revenue gets there first.
Prosecutions Faced
By Stores Delinquent
In Grocery Taxes
The District's new 1 per cent
1 grocery tax should yield the city
i $2.5 million a year, says Tax ■
1 Assessor James L. Martin, even ]
if he has to prosecute some 200
small shopkeepers to make it
do so.
i ■ i
And. he declared yesterday, 1
he’s already started preparing l
cases to make the grocers pay up. 1
His estimate of the ultimate
annual yield of the new and un- 1
popular grocery tax is about $1 *
; million below the first guesses. *
made overnight at the request 1
of a Congressional committee 1
studying financing of the city’s 1
public works program last year.
Early Estimate Missed. : j
The initial estimate. Mr. Mar- i
tin conceded, was too high. He i
pointed out. however, that no ■
other city has a comparable tax i
1 I I
Store Hours, 9:30 o.m. to 5:4S P-tn, I
* i
. ; |
Introducing Melmaster
Luggage for Men
i I
Excellent luggage for the prices . . . made of im
ported English bridle leather with “Shell-End”
construction, brass locks, has twin leather handles,
tan gabardine lining and two accessory 7 pockets. Copper
or hazel. 1-suiter, 40.00; 2-suiter, 42.50; Com
panion, 37.50. Not sketched: 3-suiter, 52.50.
All plus tax. Mail and phone orders in
, vited—NAtional 8-7733.
I 4 fe I
and that his first figure was only 1
a guess.
Another reason the figure has
not been higher, he said, is that
about 200 of the city's small
j grocers are neither filing proper
I returns nor paying the tax.
Now’, he said, to make them
do so, he is assessing the tax
and turning the figures over to
the Collector of Taxes for col- j
lection and also is preparing to
Result of Survey,
Mr. Martin's findings result
from a survey by 12 to 15 experts
from the sales tax office who
w’ere assigned two months ago
to find out why the new tax w’as
not coming up to expectations.
Low returns when the tax first
wont into effect in August led
to a budget crisis. Estimates of
the grocery tax yield w’ere ten
tatively revised in December to
about the present level, as a
December returns on the tax, i
released yesterday, showed some
increase at $232,953. This figure,
if projected over a full year and
ignoring summer drops in sales,
would indicate a yield at the rate
of $2.7 million a year.
THE EVENING STAR. Washington, D. C. •
Constantine Brown —
Army Is Real Ruler in Russia
Peiping May Try to Keep West Busy Around Formosa
, While Soviet Works to Stall German Rearmament
Nikita Khrushchev is now in
control of the Sovietland and
Khrushchev in turn is con
trolled by the army. This is
the considered estimate of the
present situation in the USSR
by responsible American offi
cials. And the over-all world
picture offers nothing to en
courage optimism.
The months ahead of us will
be the most momentous in his
tory. Western Europe is aware,
according to reports received
in Washington, that it is being
faced with a crisis possibly
more severe than that of the
summer of 1939. Whether this
realization ’ will induce our
allies and friends in the free
world to change their present
negative policies and rally
around us for a more realistic
and determined opposition to
the Red aggression remains to
be seen.
American policymakers be
lieve that the forthcoming
events will be divided into two
separate developments: The
Chinese Communists will con
tinue their drive toward Na
tionalist-held ‘islands regard
less of cost. They hope to focus
our attention on that area and,
if necessary, will engage us in
military actions.
At the same time, the USSR
high command will adopt
new terroristic policies toward
Western Europe, specifically
toward the Nordic kingdoms
of Sweden, Norway and Den
mark and Western Germany.
In his provocative speech of
last Tuesday, Comrade Molo
tov openly threatened the
United States. But he had
full knowledge of the repercus
sions his threats will have on
the free nations on the west
ern boundaries of the Soviet.
Western Germany will be
| come the main target of the
| political and military men in
| the Kremlin. The Malenkov
Party Talks Listed
By Fairfax Democrats
Leaders of two opposing fac
tions in the party have been 1
billed as speakers during the next 1
two months by the Fairfax
County Democratic Committee.
First to appear will be Dele
gate Robert Whitehead of Nel- j
son County, anti-Byrd organiza- 1
tion figure who is regarded as a ]
possible candidate for Governor ,
in 1957. He will speak at a
George Washington birthday ;
dinner at 7:30 p.m. February 22
In the Magnolia Room of Hunt
ing Tow’ers, Alexandria.
Chairman Guy M. Bayes of the
Democratic Committee said Lt. I
l Gov. A. E. S. Stephens has been \ I
j invited to speak at a dinner 1 1
meeting sometime in April. Gov I
Stephens is identified with the
dominant conservative organiza- j I
I tion headed by Virginia's Senator
Mr. Whitehead, who dropped 1 1
regime tried—with only a very
moderate degree of success—to
“catch” Germany with prom
ises and kind words. The new
regime is expected to pull out
all the stops and use a com
bination of factual threats and
promises to prevent the re
armament of Germany.
The appointment of Marshal
Nikolai Bulganin as Prime
Minister and of Marshal
Georgi Zhukov as his succes
sor in the Ministry of Defense
shows clearly the new impor
tant role assigned to the Soviet
army in the USSR’s po
litical life. Khrushchev is con
sidered the undisputed dicta
tor who has taken hold of the
USSR with even a firmer
hand than Stalin did after the
purges in the middle thirties.
But it is believed that he, more
than the late Red dictator, will
rely on his marshals to ac
complish Stalin's dream of
world conquest. And the mar
shals, realistic and compe
tent professional soldiers, have
learned from bitter experience
during the last war the value
of the German soldier. To
them, according to reports re
ceived in Washington, the pre
vention of Germany from be-,
coming a member of the West
ern defense system has been
for some time a “must.” Mal
enkov has tried his hand by
adopting cajoling and promises
to the people of Western Ger
many as did Stalin before his
death. This strategy served
only to divide German public
opinion. But thanks to the
French blunders or worse,
Germany still is unarmed and
incapable of defending her
own territory. The rearma
ment program is deadlocked
now in the Bundestag. Despite
the new Socialist opposition
and the waning prestige of
Chancellor Adenauer, it may
eventually be ratified. This is
a chance the Soviet marshals
do not want to take.
Nobody in Washington will
j °ut of the 1953 gubernatorial *
campaign after failing to raise
the SIOO,OOO he estimated was
needed to make the race, is re- !
garded as the Legislature's most
colorful orator. His recent
speeches have created consider
able political discussion in the
Soft Drink Neckbands
ST. LOUIS.—A St. Louis soft
drink firm W’hich put eye-appeal- i
ing cellulose bands around the
necks of its bottles reports an
increase in sales of 1.680,000!
bottles in one year. I
1930 SALE *955
Now Going on at Both Stores „
Downtown Chevy Chose* 111
1141 Conn. Wisconsin &
4 venue Western Aves.
All Item, Avoiloble of Both Stores Unless Otherwise Indicated II
Gloves—Umbrellas—Handbags—French Purses
Hill CLOVES—Large assortment UMBRELLAS Assorted |||
of ladies' pigskin, doeskin, colors and very fine frames
11111 l copeskin—oil nationally and unusual handles—orig
\M known brands. Originally inally 6.50-12.50
II 7.50-10.00. Now 4.95 Now 4.87-9.35
IIIUI HANDBAGS by the world's must fashionable makers that wera ftam n||
Ullll 5.00 so 105.00. Now 2.50 to 70 00 These you cannot afford to
miss; they art Lizard, Suede, r-rogskin Alligatoi Calf and all colors.
| 21.00 Travel Bars .15.75 595 Tie Rocks ...4.7J U
I 5 A 1 U i , l al^' ormClock *' I 'i'VJ Se * Straight Razors (7).
I 21 45 - Now >3 75 Were 50.00. Now 25.00 1
111 Black Sharkskin Tobocco ... „
Pouches 7.50. Now 4.50 Pallets Were 4.00 to H
111 45.00. Now 2.00 »• 25.00 II
M Travel Jewel Cose (red). , . _
111 l Were 1 1.00. Now .. 8.25 Phonograph Record Cose.
M Were 35.00. Now 22.50 ||||
IH Guest Book <green coif). _ _ ,
Were 20.00. Now ... 10.00 Jan Florentine Desk Set llil
Were 60.00 Now 45.00 ||||
20.00 Photo Album, 10.00 | nsu | ated p icnic C a,es , red
I 17.50 Easel Frome _,8.75 plaid). 7.50. Now 5.00 ||l|
Travel Roulette Set. Were Billfolds and Key Cose, Cow
-35 .00. Now 20.00 hide. Were 8 50. Now, 6.80
395 Boby Seals 2.95 4.95 Horn-A-Plenty . 3.95 H
For men, women and children teaturing many smart sets and indi
vidual pieces from such famous manufacturers as "Oshkosh,"
"Wings," "Dresner" "Boyle," "Koch," "Wheary," "Atlantic Prod
ucts." "Vuitton," ate. Prices plus reduce tax of 10 V
57 50 26” Chief QuickfLght 44 50 Algonquin Tops Up ||||
Pullman Cases 46.00 Cose 14" 35.60
H Chief Quickflight Train Case 87.50 White Rawhide Top*
y Were 47.50. Now 38.00 y p Case, 14" 70.00
1 enm HOt BCX ' 4* OO '27.50 Wh,te Rawhide 29” i
1 60 00 , No * M , 4 *' oo Pullman 102.00
Womens. 20 Hat Box. I
My Were 42 50. Now 34.00 29 5° Winona Zipper Hat ffl
y 47.50 Women's 26" Quick- Box, Blue 23.60
|y flight Pullman 38.00 40.00 Winona Moulded Hat ||||
m Seminole Party Box—18". Box, Blue 32.00 |H|
Were 60.00 Now 48.00 63.50 Winona 29" Pullman
y Cherokee Shoe Bag. Were VV/T, Blue 50.80 |||
|2'2n rk* u'' non 2 n‘?i° Winona 26" Pullman, Blue.
59.50 Cherake. 29 Pull- Were 52 50 No „ 42 00
67.50 Cherokee Lady's Wnano Shoe Bag. Were I
Wardrobe C B 54.00 35.00. Now 28.00 H
Six pr, Shoe Bag. Were 62.50 Winona Hot and Shoe ||||
31.50. Now 25.20 Box, Blue 56.25
In honor of Our Silver Anniversary the
located in OUR SUBURBAN STORE ONLT hos ploced many items HI
from its regular stock an special sole. The following is only a
partial list.
495 Salt, Pepper Sets; 3.95 Cost Iron Enamel Ware. W
Onion and Garlic Shakers. 1 95. Now 1.55 HI
II Were 2 50. Now 1.95 Hos Canape Troys. Were
Hand Pointed Tiles. Were 14.95. Now 11.95 |
2 ?=; Now 180 Sauce Pons, Casseroles, Fry II
ioorZ r '*,'!« Pans. Were 3.95 to 55.00. HO
I 3.00 Gorden Trays .-2.40 Now 3.15 , 0 44,00
HI Cranberry Jelly Sets. Were Glassware, Incl. Cocktoil ||||
H 5.25. Now .. 4.20 Glosses, Shokers, Ccrving ||||
1 Tin, of Imparted Cookies ’ Boards. Wera 650t014 9£ H
1 Were 3.95. Now 3.15 0w 5 ’ 20 c t ? ' 2 ’?°
Pepper Mills and Salt Shak- ||
Gift Tins of Candy. Were er Sets. Were 7.95 to 16.50 y
|yy 15.50. Now 12.40 Now .6,40 to 13.20
Downtown # « B I 1 Chevy Chase*
1141 Conn. DUCkI£V wisconsin nnlt
Avenue Western Aves.
•C\*n t'Xen open MrrKiy •*< meat •til t t V
“• C ''iW Pacing Rear of S - )
be surprised if In the course of
the coming months the new
Soviet high command uses
sharp methods involving mili
tary demonstrations to intinv
idate the German people and
their politicians into declaring
themselves neutral and to re
ject, under the pressure from
the East, the Paris agreements.
The enthusiasm for rearma
ment, which undoubtedly
existed before the European
Defense Community was killed
by the French last summer,
has now .faded away. A stern
attitude backed by threaten
ing military moves on the part
gs the Reds may kill it alto
gether. And that, it is believed
here, is one of the main ob
jectives of the new dictatorship
in the USSR. The Soviet
military are not seriously con
cerned over the power of the
l)IATO forces in Western
Europe. They are no better
than their governments' will
to fight. The Soviet leadership
has had ample proofs In the
last year that this will is more
vocal than real. With the
elimination of the military
potential of some 56 million
Germans from the Western
European defense. Western
Eui-ope offers no concern to
the gigantic Soviet plans. It is
true that there is a competent
American-British force of
some 10 divisions mounting
guard between the Elbe and
■ the Rhine. But it would be
showing a total lack of realism
to imagine that this force
could do more than fight a
brilliant rear guard action.
The Russians count on their
large submarine force to in
terfere with the sending of
reinforcements across the At
lantic and the Channel.
All this is, of course, specu
lation, since nobody seriously
pretends to know what is go
ing on inside the USSR.
But the speculation is based on
what is known of the military
thinking of the Soviet mar
shals such as Konev, Zhukov,
, Vassilovsky and others who
; are said to fear a thorough
German rearmament more
i than tlie atom and hydrogen
linings $111.50
Limned lime OM.Y ■ as*
V.JMJ steering
19011 M St NW. ST S TOKO
•II M(« >»« S.tV ME S-8T32
at nth and Indtutnileßca /kva.

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