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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 11, 1955, Image 15

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—Star Stall Photos by Paul Schmlck.
LINCOLN CONTEST—Students from John Quincy Adams School get their instructions tor a
Lincoln quis from Miss Kathleen Lucey and Alfred Geraghty, historians at the Ford Thea
ter’s Lincoln Museum.
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WHERE’S THE ANSWER—Miss Lucey helps David Griffiths
find the display containing the answer to his question.
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MODEL THEATER—John Mahoney and Lin Bradshaw ex
amine a model of the theater and listen to a recording for
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SECOND ELECTlON—Students pore over a case describing
Lincoln’s second election in 1864 for more clues.
Ford's Theater Quiz
Stirs Pupils’ Interest
In Lincoln's Death
By Harry Bacas
Hundreds of Washington
school children this week visited
the scene of Lincoln’s assassina
tion. Ford’s Theater at Tenth
and E streets N.W.
A new program set up this
year by National Capital Parks
is using a quiz contest to bring
home the facts of the Civil War
President's life and death to
curious children.
Museum historians ask such
questions as ‘'Who held John
Wilkes Booth's horse in the alley
behind the theater?” and “Who
was the leading lady in the play
Lincoln was watching that
night?” The youngsters scurry
among the display cases to find
the answers.
Edward J. Kelly, superintend
ent of National Capital Parks,
instituted the program this year
to make the Lincoln Museum
more popular to young visitors.
Last year, the museum had 150,-
000 visitors, while the Lincoln
Memorial had nearly 2 million.
Applications Increase.
Groups of children from the
fourth grade up are invited to
tour the museum two days a
week. So far, the number of
applications is more than dou
ble the number of groups who
have already gone through.
A typical group is Mrs. Roberta
Lentz’ combined fifth and sixth
grade from John Quincy Adams
School, which made the tour re
cently. Mrs. Lentz, 30 boys and
girls and half-a-dozen parents
were met at the door by two
museum historians.
First they went upstairs to the
old second balcony for a 16-
minute color movie on Lincoln's
The children laughed at the
strange picture of a Capitol
Building with half a dome, shown
as it looked in 1848 when Lincoln
was in Washington as a Con
gressman from Illinois.
Then the historians took them
downstairs to the display cases.
They gave each student a ques
tion on a slip of paper and
explained it would be a contest
between the boys and girls for
the most correct answers.
Girls Take Lead.
After the first round, the girls
were ahead. One boy couldn't
find who held Booth’s horse. A
girl who gave the name of Lin
coln’s Secretary of the Navy as
Gibeon Welles, however, was '
given credit for having the last
name right.
Boys and girls split evenly on
the second round. On the third
round, a historian asked “Who.
in three minutes, can tell me
the number of seats in Ford's
The group scattered among
the displays. In 15 seconds,
Grace John had the answer—
-1,70 the girls had won the
Laughing and excited, the
children were taken into a dark
room for a slide film of the as
They were quiet and thought
ful when they came out.
Booth's Path Traced.
A historian then showed the
group how booth peered through
a peephole in the door of Lin- :
coin's box at the theater. He
traced on the floor the path the
assassin took as he entered the
box, fired his single shot,
grappled briefly with an Army
officer in the box, leaped down
to the stage and fled to the
alley in the rear.
The tour took an hour and
a half. When it was over Mrs. j
Lentz took the children across
Tenth street to see the house
where Lincoln died.
The theater they left bears
little resemblance to the scene of
that fatful April 14 1865. Its
insides were ripped out a few
months after the tragedy to
make room for Government of
It may, however, be restored
to its original appearance. The
last Congress instructed the In
terior Department to draw up
plans and estimates for the
fattening J&faf
Transit Study
Opens As New
I Unit Organizes
» Commission Aide
Digs into Data for
I Area Solutions
Robert E. McLaughlin, chair
| | man of the District Public Utili-
I j ties Commission, yesterday was
1 named to head a newly organ-
I ized body charged with studying
I mass transportation problems in
I I the Washington area.
I j The name of the new group
I , is the Joint Commission to Study
I j Passenger Carrier Facilities in
I | the Washington Metropolitan
j ; Area. It consists of three mem
[ i bars each from Maryland, Vir-
I ginia and the District. The
j State legislatures appointed their
| delegates; the District Commis-
I sioners, those from the traffic-
E snarled Nation's Capital.
A full representation from the
| District and Virginia turned out
j for the closed organizational
E luncheon-meeting at the Army
j and Navy Club yesterday. Only
j one member from Maryland was
able to attend owing to the press
of business of the General As
sembly now in session.
As a result of the limited at
tendance, balloting was limited
only to the chairmanship and
vice chairmanship. J. Maynard
Magruder, Arlington delegate to
the Virginia Legislature, "was
chosen for the latter post.
Next Session Set.
February 28 was set tenta
tively as the date for the next
session, at which time other
officers will be selected and a
preliminary report submitted on
! the material that is available
for study.
Chairman McLaughlin re
ported, at the close of yester
i day's meeting, that Arthur T,
i Sonnenberg, a transportation
. economist with the District util
• ities body, was instructed to
, start a study of the “basic in
formation” on mass transit in
the three Jurisdictions.
Mr. McLaughlin said the ma
terial gathered by his aide, who
also is serving as the joint com
mission's transit co-ordinator, is
expected to be useful not only
to the joint group but to the
National Capital Regional Plan
ning Counoil.
$400,000 Asked.
A request for a $400,000 sup
plemental appropriation for the
current fiscal year was made in
Congress yesterday to enable the
congress yesterday to enaDie wie
planning council, under the aegis
of the National Capital Planning
Commission, to conduct an in
tensive survey of area transit
needs. If granted, these funds
for the most part would osten
sibly be used to hire a private
consultant firm to make the
The major aims of the joint
commission, Mr? McLaughlin
explained, are to study ade
quacy of mass transit passen
ger mass transportation, deter-
I mine whether fares are proper
add decide whether mass transit
in the Metropolitan Area should
be regulated by joint three-juris
dictional compact.
Mr. McLaughlin said at least
an interim report to the joint
commission should be ready by
; the end of the year. If Con
| gress grants the $400,000 appro
i priation for the regional council
j study, that undertaking probably
i would not be completed for about
two years, he estimated.
Others Present.
Joint commission members
present yesterday were, in addi
tion to Mr. McLaughlin and Mr.
Magruder, Col. Thomas A. Lane,
District Engineer Commissioner,
and Harland Bartholomew, chair
man of the National Capital
Planning Commission, represent
ing the District.
Those from Virginia were
Charles R. Fenwick, State
Senator, and H. Lester Hooker,
chairman of the State Corpora
tion Commission, which regu
lates public utilities.
Maryland was represented by
Frank Harper, of the State Pub
lie Service Commission, public
utilities regulatory body. The
two absentees were General As
sembly Delegates Perry O. Wil
kinson and Edward S. Northrop.
Civilians to Take Over
Jobs of 454 Soldiers
The jobs of 454 soldiers in:
the Military District of Wash
ington will be taken over by ci
vilians June 30, Maj. Gen. John
H. Stokes announced today.
This is part of “operation
teammate,” as the military calls
its civilian-for-mllitary replace- j
ment program, designed to get i 1
more soldiers into fighting units, j
Shop The Star First [
For Your New Home I
Get an early start if you art plan- ; j
ning to buy a home. Shop the big ,
real estate section of The Star to- |
morrow. When you shop The Star j ,
real estate section first you get a h
head start in your important week-end
seorch for just the house you want. .
The widest variety of reol estate of- j j
ferings for sale in the Washington
area appear in The Star every Sat-
You'll find additional reading en
joyment in the latest real estate news : (
as reported by The Star. Read the ! t
many helpful and informative hints for ! g,
improving your home.
Don't miss the big real estate c
section in The Star tomorrow. Read (
The Star regularly. Phene Sterling I
3-5000 far convenient heme delivery. C
V < i
IjK 'Hill
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—Star Staff Photo by Gene Abbott.
MOB’S-EYE VIEW OF DISTRICT POLICE—A flying wedge of Washington's civil disturbance unit practices a riot roundup in
a smoke screen at Fort Beivoir.
D.C. Advisory Council
Sidetracks Action on
Home Rule, Slums
The District's Citizens’ Ad
visory Council today postponed
decisions on a bill to give home
■ rule to Washington and on a
' proposal that the Commissioners
should indorse in principal a
ten-year slum clearance pro
gram for the Nation's Capital.
The council delayed until the
next meeting, February 25, mak
ing any recommendation on an
"urgent” suggestion by Engineer
Commissioner Thomas A. Lane
that the Commissioners adopt
as a guiding policy recent
recommendations by Consultants
Nathaniel S. Keith and James
W. Rouse.
The home rule bill was ordered
studied in detail by the group’s
legislative committee in a meet
ing at 10 a.m. next Friday. Simi
larly, the committee was in
structed to discuss the Keith-
Rouse report with representa
tives of the corporation council.
Sets S2OO Million Program.
The Keith-Rouse report, pub
lished recently in a volume en
titled “No Slums in 10 Years,”
set out a S2OO million program to
give Washington a general face
lifting, two-thirds at Federal ex
The District must adopt a
"workable program” for such a
program to qualify for Federal
assistance before the end of the
The Council also postponed
action on bills to give Municipal
Court judges a $7,500 a year pay
raise, pending action by Con
gress on measures to increase
salaries of District Court judges.
Discussing the salary measure,
Council members heard Director
Schuyler Lowe, of the Depart
ment of General Administration,
say the proposal would increase
District costs $120,000 a year
and would Inspire pressure for
raises from other high District
Sees Some Improvement.
He disclosed, however, that
there has been "some slight im
provement” in the District's
tight revenue situation.
By the end of the fiscal year
in June, he said, an anticipated
deficit of $860,000 in the city’s
budget for next year “may be
erased” by unanticipated gains
in tax revenues.
The council decided against
holding a public hearing on the
home rule bill introduced re
cently in the Senate and upon
which one hearing has already
been held.
The measure would end the
commisison form of government
under which Washington has
been governed as a city for the
last 80 years, and establish an
elected mayor, a nine-member
city council, school board, and
non-voting delegate in the House
of Representatives.
30 Policemen Get Training
On Riot Duty at Fort Beivoir
By Richard Rodgers
Practicing far trouble in the
large, economy size, a Metropoli
tan police detachment spent this
miserable day at Fort Beivoir,
learning riot tactics and how to
breach barricades.
Thirty hand-picked additions
to the Civil Disturbance Unit
huddled over peepsights and
blazed away through the rain
at targets.
Lt. Sheldon R. McKee, their
training officer, said inclement
weather couldn’t be permitted to
stop the drill. "We might have
to be called out in stuff like this,” ,
he explained.
Deputy Chief George R. Wall-,
rodt has charge of the Civil
Disturbance Unit, a designation
police prefer to “riot squad.” !
He said he preferred not to
specify its size, except that “a
sizable part of the force are
Detachments visit Fort Beivoir
three or four times a year. To- j
day’s gunfire and gas exercise
was in the line of basic training.'
©ljp (s>mtt)ait S>tar
MOUNTIES OF THE PARKLANDS—Washington's pork police
use wild west horsemanship techniques coupled with mod
ern electronic devices in order to protect thousands of
park visitors in the National Capital Area. Look for
Meredith S. Buel's story featured through two full pages
in The Star Pictorial Magazine.
fascinating man a girl could meet today? That's the
question a young college coed asks glamorous Marlene
' Dietrich. Her answer? Author Ernest Hemingway. In
This Week Magazine, Marlene tells the young girl, and
you, why she selects Hemingway over all other men.
THE RUSSIAN SITUATION—A thoughtful analysis of this
hectic week in Moscow and throughout the world helps
you bring a puzzling picture into focus. It appears in
Washington's only Review of The Week, along with an
unusual map showing principal developments. Side fea
tures include articles by Star Staff Writers Earl H. Voss
and Richard Fryklund on Soviet economic progress and
the meaning of the new Russian budget.
That is just about Hollywood's most dramatic question
these days, although her fellow professionals may vote her <
an Oscar for her performance in the big musical. It is 1
dealt with in an exciting profile of Judy in the Drama
Section by James Bacon. ‘
MEET MR. PEEPERS—Life in Jefferson City is just as relaxed
as it appears every Sunday night on television. Margaret
McMannus tells of her visit with Wally Cox and others in i
the "Mr. Peepers" cast in your handy TV-Radio Pull-Out ‘
Section. {
HIGHLIGHTS FOR WOMEN-ln the Society and Fashion
Section, Brenda Helser, special correspondent for The 1
Star, writes of Parisian social circles, while Eleni dis- \
cusses the German mode in her fashions from foreign t
lands series. i
j They fired familiarization
course with .35 and .351-caliber
rifles, GI carbines and .45-caliber
j “grease guns,” or automatic
Every man had a turn at the
gas guns, shooting at a muslin
square representing a window
in a house where a criminal or
maniac njight be barricaded.
They practiced laying down
tear gas screens, pitching in
relays so succeeding waves
could fill in "holes” left by
predecessors. If they'ever have
i to face a riot, they’ll want their
| gas curtain solid.
Formed in a flying wedge, with
riot batons at the horizontal—
; for herding unruly voters—the
i trainees ploughed through gas
clouds as though advancing on
a mob. Longer and lighter than
a "billy,” the batons are for
shoving and jabbing, rather than
bludgeon work.
Mr. Wallrodt said the CDU
was organized in 1948. Mem
bers are scattered through every
precinct. So are the masks,
weapons and unit equipment.
*** A-15
Exclusion of District
; From School Program
; Laid to Budget Bureau
c The District was excluded
from President Eisenhower's
new school construction program
„ on the advice of the Bureau of
the Budget, an aide to Secretary
Hobby of the Health, Education
I i and Welfare Department has
5 j disclosed.
5 1 Roswell Perkins, assistant to
f \ Mrs. Hobby, told reporters yes
, | terday the Budget Bureau ad-
II vised department officials that
J District school financing must
j ! go through the District's regular
. appropriations procedure.
» Even if the District had been
; included, it probably would not
i have been able to qualify for aid
t under the program, Mr. Perkins
• said, however.
i Charles N Zellers, school busi
i ness officer, agreed with Mr.
i j Perkins’ statement. He pointed
j out, however, that the District
has been included in numerous
school-aid bills proposed by
members of Congress.
Secretary Hobby told reporters
yesterday the President’s pro
gram would not help States
which abolish public schools to
avoid desegregation in them.
The program is intended only
to aid public schools, she said.
She added that until the Su
preme Court issues an imple
menting order, there is nothing
in the President's plan prevent
ing States from continuing to
build separate schools for
Negroes and whites.
Baby-an-Hour Boom Ends
At Columbia Hospital
Columbia Hospital rested to
Nurses were red-eyed, some
had trouble getting to work on
For the first time since 1866,
when the hospital was started,
24 babies arrived in 24 hours.
The boom ended yesterday at
7:30 a.m.
Officials of the hospital said it
was the largest one-day total
ever counted at the hospital.
They added it was a fund drive
they were having, not one for
American U. to Offer
Home Fashion Selling
A new course in merchandis
ing home fashions will be offered
during the spring semester be
ginning Monday at American
The course, given under th#
Department of Business Admin
istration, will be conducted by
Miss Anette C. Ward, Washing
ton correspondent for Fairchild
Publications, and Simon Block,
furniture merchandise manager
of the Hecht Co. Classes will be
held every Monday from 8:25
to 10:45 p.m. The course will
:over the entire field of merchan
dising home furnishings.

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