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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 17, 1955, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Fair tonight, low near 30 in city and 35 in
suburbs. Fair tomorrow, high in mid-40s.
(Full report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today.
Midnight 47 6 a.m.—43 11 am. 44
2am 45 8 am—44 .Noon 46
4am 44 10 am 44 Ipm 46
An Atiodatcd Press Newsoaoei
103 d Year. No. 48. Phone ST. 3-5000 *★ S WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1985-SEVENTY-TWO PAGES. SCENTS
British Plan to Make H-Bombs;
Production of Guided Missiles
Also Scheduled for Expansion
Total Expenditure
For Defense to Be
Cut Somewhat
iy the Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 17.—Britain
announced today she will de
velop hydrogen bombs.
A white paper listing govern
ment defense plans said:
“The United Kingdom has the
ability to produce thermonuclear
weapons and after fully con
sidering ad implications of this
step the government have
thought it their duty to proceed
with their development and pro
duction.”
Britain has the atomic bomb.
The United States and presum
ably Russia are the only powers
now possessing the vastly more
destructive hydrogen bomb.
Guided Missile Expansion.
The white paper announced a
broad expansion of Britain’s
guided missile and nuclear weap
on production program while
trimming somewhat the Nation’s
total military expenditures.
Sweeping modernization o i the
navy, army and the civil de
fense setup also was announced.
Britain’s defense, the govern
ment policy statement explained,
remains based primarily “upon
the maintenance of the nuclear
deterrent to aggression.” The
white paper said the power of
such weapons as the hydrogen
bomb was so awesome that this
fact in itself may keep the peace.
It Baid there were no tech
nical or scientific limitations on
production of nuclear weapons
“still more devastating" than
the thermo-nuclear bomb ex
ploded by the Americans in the
Marshall Islands last March 1.
“The power of these weapons
Is such that accuracy of aim
assumes less importance. Thus
attacks can be delivered by air
craft flying at great speed and
great heights. This greatly in
creases the difficulty of defense.
Moreover, other means of de
livery can be foreseen which
will in time present even greater
problems.”
Defense Spending Cut.
For the fiscal year beginning
April 1, Britain will spend 1,537,-
000,000 pounds ($4,303,600,000)
on defense—a reduction of 102
million pounds ($285 million)
from the total for the present
budgeted year.
Russia’s 1955 defense budget,
announced in the Supreme Soviet
(parliament) February 3, is 112,-
100,000,000 rubles. At the
Russian-fixed exchange rate that
is S2B billion, an increase of $3
billion over last year. The United
States defense budget this year
is $34 billion.
Discussing the basic policies
.behind Western defense the
British white paper said:
"The armed truce of recent
years may develop through co
existence into real peace.”
Communist System Unaltered.
It saw the structure of the
Communist system as basically
unaltered and said:
“Its (the Communist world’s)
military strength continues to
grow at an impressive rate. On
the surface Communist policies
may appear from time to time
more accommodating. But Com
munist actions have so far pro
vided no real ground for believ
ing the threat to the free world
has sensibly diminished.”
The Government policy state
ment went on to add that the
very power of the atomic and
hydrogen bombs might help pre
serve the peace even when the
West’s present predominance in
nuclear weapons stocks and
means of delivering them has
been reduced.
“From a universal realization
that results of a major war can
be utterly disastrous for both/
sides may emerge a new hope.”
Hawaiian Legislators
Meet Amid Hula Girls
By the Associated Press
HONOLULU, Feb. 17.—Ha
waii’s first Democratic Legisla
ture convened at lolani Palace
yesterday and the hula girls out
numbered the flower-bedecked
legislators
Spring flowers covered desk
tops and spilled onto the floor
as six singing hula troupes
danced and swayed through
House and Senate chambers un
der powerful television lights.
Star Want Ad Rents
Room First Day
Who Mr. M. J. wonted to root o
furnished room quickly he placed a
wont ad in the fast-action rental
columns of The Star Classified. He
found a tenant the first day his ad
appeared in Washington's biggest
classified market place.
in addition to carrying more rental
ads. The Star publishes mare total
classified ads than the other Wash
ington newspapers combined because
it produces the best results for classi
fied advertisers.
If you want to rent an apartment,
room or haute, tell it to the long
established eudieace of The Stor
readers. Just phone Sterling 3-SOOO
end ask far an ed-toker.
She fretting itaf
y v J y y WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION L/
Crisis Year at Bonn
Germans Bent on Reunifying
Even if It Means Neutrality
U. S. Warned It May Have to Lift Its Blinders
m And Do Tough About-Face on Many Policies
By Crosby S. Noyes
Foreign Correspondent of The Stor
BONN.—Americans might do well to remove the blinders,
brace themselves for a shock and take a careful new look at
Germany, 1955.
The experience isn’t soothing. On the other hand, it seems
likely that the future of the Western coalition depends on a clear
understanding of what is going on here.
Nearly everyone, it seems, has fixed ideas about the Germans
which d£fy change. The American fixed idea appears to be
Mr. Noyes, The Star's European correspondent, has been touring Germany in
recent weeks, sounding opinion on the great issues of re-armament and
Western union that hove been making news in capitals around the world. The
startling point he makes in this first article will be developed in detail in
subsequent dispatches appearing in The Stor. .
grounded in the Comfortable conviction that the Germans under
all circumstances will play ball, hew to the line and follow the
American lead.
Based on what this reporter has seen, this is a dangerous
illusion. A mord realistic prediction is that in the near future
Germany may be following the line quite contrary to the
established doctrines of the State Department. The ensuing
fuss would send a complaisant American public opinion into a
tailspln and rock the allied camp to its foundations.
The political story of Germany today is the story of powerful
new forces at work on the German mind—forces which could
succeed In pulling the country out of the Western military
coalition toward a far more equivocal position in the East-West
struggle.
By far the most powerful of these forces is the one pushing
this split nation toward re-unification.
In a short space of time things have changed radically in
Germany. The returning traveler is struck first by a sense of
Dulles Implies Deal
For Coastal Islands
May Yet Be Made
Quemoy and Matsus
Might Be Yielded if
Reds Negotiate, He Hints
By John V. Horner
The possibility of a deal oyer
the Quemoy and Matsu Islands
was back in the foreground of
the diplomatic scene today.
In a major foreign policy
speech, Secretary of State Dulles
Partial Taxt of Dullej' Foreign Policy
Association Speech. Page A-4
seemed last night to hint once
more that the strategic islands
off the China coast might be
yielded to Communist China if
the Reds renounced the further
use of force and agreed to sit
down for special negotiations.
At the same time, Mr. Dulles
expressed hope that Russians of
stature will eventually work to
promote the welfare of their
people, so that practicable agree
ments can be reached between
the Soviet Union and the United
States.
Mr. Dulles flatly rejected the
idea that Nationalist China
should voluntarily surrender to
the Reds the small islands ofi
the coast of the Asiatic main
land. And he warned, by im
plication, that the United States
will not permit the Reds to seize
them as a springboard for their
announced attack upon Formosa
and the Pescadores.
Asks Reds to Reconsider.
But he also appealed to the
Communists to reconsider an in
vitation from the United Nations
Security Council to discuss a
Formosa cease-fire.
“It is hardly to be expected
that the Chinese Communists
will renounce their ambitions,”
he said. “However, might they
not renounce their efforts to
realize their goals'by force?”
In the speech to the Foreign
Policy Association at New York,
the Secretary pointed out that
while this country is not com
mitted to defend islands such as
Quemoy and Matsu, it is pledged
(Continued on Page A-4, Col. 3.)
Golfer Eisenhower Strikes Bowling Alleys
By Garnett D. Horner I i
President Eisenhower, a golfer!
himself, is having moved out of
the White House a pair of bowl- '
ing alleys installed during the
Truman administration.
White House aides explained ;
today that the move is designed
to make room for needed office i
space and to make the bowling i
alleys available for use by more i
people.
A gift to the White House i
from the Bowling Equipment i
Industry, the alleys were in
stalled six or seven years ago 11
in the basement of the White 1
House office wing near the mime- 1
ograph and mail rooms. There I
they were used by White House !
employes and guards—but never <
by Mr. Eisenhower. '
The alleys an being moved ]
across West Executive avenue
confusion, doubt and anxiety of
which there were few symptoms
six months ago. The unity and
purpose which has set Western
Germany ofi from many of its
European neighbors seems to have
cracked badly under the weight
of recent developments.
The change is felt strongly
here in Bonn where the “German
problem” is the one sure-fire
subject of conversation.
“Don’t worry,” a friend told me
at the beginning of my trip. “It’s
not hard to get these people to
talk. The problem is to get them
to shut up.”
It was an understatement. In
the days that have followed, a
generous assortment of poli
ticians, businessmen, Army offi
cers, fellow-reporters, labor lead
ers. youth-rallyers, editors and
ordinary. Germans had poured
out their special version of the
German problem. Far from try
ing to hide their new national
neurosis from strangers, most
Germans seem almost patheti
cally eager to tell him all about
it.
No Longer Docile.
The result is convincing proof
that the thinking German is no
longer the docile political animal
he was a year ago. For the first
time there are deep thoughts
about the wisdom of policies
which up to this point have been
taken for granted. There is a
new distrust of political cliches
and a growing tendency to look
for radical solutions.
To some extent, this may all
be natural enough—the normal
political reawakening of a coun
try looking forward to running
its own affairs again. Like a
patient coming out of anesthesia,
Germany is struggling out of the
coma brought On by 20 years of
tyranny and the shock of war
Today the German-in-the-street
is beginning to take a certain
slight interest in his government.
Gradually, the grogginess and
confusion are wearing ofi.
Another factor, certainly, is
the change that has taken place
within the Western coalition it
self. The shift in the German
mood was first noticed soon after
the defeat of the European De
fense Community by the French
National Assembly last August.
More than most places in
Europe, the ideal of a United
Europe caught fire in Germany.
The scheme was grand enough
to capture the German imagina
tion: Germans were excited by
the prospect of solving once and
for all many of the problems that
(Continued on Page A-3, Col. 1.)
into the basement of the Execu- '
tlve Offices (Old State) Building. <
White House Press Secretary I
James C. Hagerty explained that I
there they can b&*used by many i
executive office employes who do
not have access to the White .
House itself. 1
Space that has been taken '
up by the bowling alleys is being i
turned into a central file room i
and communications room. !
Moving the communications i
and flies to the basement gives i
room for offices on the upper <
floors, close to the Present's of- ;
flee, lor administrative assistant i
Gerald D. Morgan and I. Jack :
Martin, who have had offices a I
block away in the White House
East Wing, and Stephen Bene- i
diet, assistant staff secretary, i
who has been quartered in the ]
Executive Offices Building.
, Other sports facilities of the 1
House Defeats
'Gag' Rule in
Trade Debate
Vote Is 207 to 178;
Action Is Major
Upset for Eisenhower
BULLETIN j
In a stunning upsetl for the
Eisenhower administration, the
House today voted against pro
cedure which would have
sharply limited amendments
and debate on the President’s
lower-tariff foreign trade pro
gram. The rollcall vote was
207-178.
By Robert K. Wolsh
Cries of “gag rule” sounded
today when the House started
debate on a proposed three-year
extension of the Reciprocal
Trade Agreements Act requested
by President Eisenhower.
Democratic and Republican
leaders and other supporters of
House Votes Raise for Congress, Senate
May Delay Action. Foge A-2
the bill to continue and broaden
the President’s authority to ne
gotiate tariff reductions with
friendly foreign nations predict
ed they would win the first test
of strength this afternoon. A
final vote on the bill itself was
scheduled tomorrow. Oppo
nents, however, attempted this
afternoon to throw the bill wide
open to amendments.
Any such open rule, leaders
said, would prolong the debate
on the bill for at least two weeks
instead of two days.
As soon as the House convened
Representative Bailey, Democrat,
of West Virginia protested that
the Rule Committee's recom
mendation allowing opponents
only one chance to amend the
bill was * threat of an undem
ocratic and un-American gag
rule.”
Flagrant Violation Cited.
“This procedure would tie the
hands and briSle the tongues of
members of the House who are
not members of the Ways and
Means Committee which re
ported out the bill,” Mr. Bailey
complained, “only in an extreme
emergency could there be any
justification for such flagrant
violation of the ordinary rules
of procedure. No such emer
gency exists hare.”
Mr. Bailey charged that un
der a closed rule the bill would
be “jammed” through the House
after having been “conceived in
Geneva, given the official o.k. at
the State Department and writ
ten by the Randall Commission.”
He asserted also that 20 of the
25 members of the Ways and
Means Committee who reported
out the bill “decided that your
welfare should be sacrificed on
the altar of world politics.”
Several members, including
Mr. Bailey, served notice they
would demand a roll call this
afternoon at the end of a sched
uled hour of debate on the closed
rule issue. Advocates of the bill
said they were confident that
not more than 150 members
would support an attempt to ob
tain an open rule.
Seen Up to G. O. P.
Democratic Leader McCor
mack estimated that between 60
and 70 per cent of his party
colleagues will vote for the bill
without changes. He said the
matter was really up to the
Republicans and that it will
(See TRADE, Page A-4.)
Navy Probes Sighting
Os Sub Off Florida
By th« Associated Press
JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Feb. 17.
—The Navy plans an investiga
tion to give “proper evaluation"
to the reported sighting of an
unidentified submarine near Fort
Pierce, Fla., yesterday.
Two coast guardsmen, sent
out to investigate an “orange
glow” at sea, reported they ap
proached within “a quarter of a
mile or less” of the object about
11 miles southeast of Fort Pierce
before they lost sight of it in the
early darkness.
At New London, Conn., Lt.
Comdr. Jack Parry, public In
formation officer for Atlantic
Submarine Fleet headquarters,
said “It’s not ours. We have
no submarines operating in that
area.”
White House are not being dis
turbed. The newest of these is
the putting green golfer Eisen
hower recently had built on the
South lawn.
A swimming pool which the
late President Franklin D. Roose
velt had built in the area be
tween the Executive Mansion
and the West Office Wing still
is there for use of White House
staff members and Eisenhower
guests, although the President
does not use it himself. And ad
jacent to it is the small gymna
sium where former President
Hoover used to toss medicine
balls.
Also still there is a tennis
court on the South Lawn which,
so far as Elsenhower aides know,
hasn’t been used since Woodrow
Wilson occupied the White
House.
G. O. P. Women Now 'Boiling'
Over '52 Committee 'Padding'
Believe Male Colleagues Pulled Fast One
In Rules Change Upsetting Historic Balance
By Isabelle Shelton
Women members of the Re
publican National Committee are
up in arms because they think
their male colleagues have pulled
a fast one on them.
The nub of the controversy is
a change in rules governing
G. O. P. Confirmi San Francisco for
Convantion in August, 1956. Pag* A-3
membership on the National
Committee. The women charge
this change was slipped through
toward the close of the Republi
can National Convention of 1952,
when most of the delegates were
concentrating on the nomina
tion of candidates.
The new rule upsets the his
toric balance of one man and
one woman on the committee
from each Sfate, which has been
in effect since shortly after
women got the vote.
Provides “Bonus” Seat.
It provides for the granting of
a “bonus” seat on the National
Committee, with full voting
rights, to the State chairman of
each State which went pre
ponderantly Republican at the
last election.
A State can qualify by casting
a majority of its votes for the
Republican presidential nomi
nee, by electing a State Gover
nor, or by choosing a majority
of Republicans for the State’s
seats in Congress, Senate and
House combined.
State chairmen from 38 States
and the Territory of Hawaii
have been added to the commit
tee under the new rule. Since
the State chairman is almost in
variably a man (all 39 additions
are men) this means that there
now are almost twice as many
men as women on the commit
tee.
The women don’t like it a bit.
“We’ve been getting madder
11 Die in Montreal
In Apartment Fire
By fto Associated Pros*
MONTREAL, Feb. 17.—Fire
whipped through the top floors
of a 75-year-old brick apartment
house in the heart of snow
covered Montreal last night, kill
ing 11 persons and Injuring a
dozen others.
Firemen combing the ruins of
the once luxurious Salaberry
Apartments early today said
there was “only a very slim pos
sibility” more bodies remained
to be found. An estimated 200
persons lived in the building at
Sherbrooke East and St. Denis
streets, but many were out.
As a heavy snow fell, firemen
scrambled up ladders to rescue a
score of frenzied men and wom
en from wooden balconies and
window ledges.
Two women who jumped from
the fourth floor were in a se
rious condition with fractured
spines.
It was Montreal’s worst fire
disaster since 1951, when 37 pen
sioners died in a blaze at an old
folks’ home.
Reds to Get Japan Tugs
TOKYO. Feb. 17 UP).— I Two
Japanese shipbuilding firms soon
will start construtcion on six
tugboats for the Soviet Union
under a S4O million Japan-
Russia provisional, trade agree
ment. In exchange for the tugs,
worth $1 million, Japan will re
ceive 30,000 tons of Russian coal
and platinum.
It Looks Impossible!
and madder ever since 1952,
and now we’re about to boil
over,” said one Midwestern com
mitteewoman.
Mrs. Gladys Knowles, Mon
tana committeewomstn and sec
retary of the national G. O. P.,
declared: “The women are very
stirred up about this. They feel
it was put over on them, and
they resent it. The State chair
man did a good sales job. It
was all over before most of the
women knew what was hap
pening.
“It makes the committee too
unwieldly, with all those extra
members,” she added. “But if
they are going to let the men
on, they ought to let the State
vice chairmen (usually women)
on too.”
“They definitely pulled the
wool over our eyes,” -said Mrs.
Edna Basten Donald, Nebraska
committeewoman and one of the
four vice chairmen of the na
tional committee. “Everybody
wanted to get on with nominat
ing the President. They couldn’t
be bothered with a long debate
over a rule they didn’t under
stand.”
Spoke Against Motion.
“The stock’s been watered
now, and it's going to be hard to
do ahything about it. But we
don’t like it one bit,” said Mrs.
D. Ray Murdock, Pennsylvania
national committeewoman. She
is one of the few women who
understood the significance of
the rules change at the time
and spoke against it on the
floor of the 1952 convention.
Mrs. Horace H. Sayre, Okla
homa committeewoman, de
clared: “We haven’t done any
effective work on the national
committee since all these extra
members came on. It has com
pletely changed the cozy, friendly
atmosphere of committee meet
ings. And it’s very unfair to
the women. We should have
equal representation.”
“Unfair to South.”
Mrs. Howard Coffin, national
committeewoman for the Dis
trict, pointed out that in addi
tion to discriminating against
women, the new rule is particu
larly unfair to Southern States,
many of which have little
chance to get the bonus seat for
their State chairman. (The 10
States whose State chairmen are
not now on the national com
mittee all are from the South).
“The rule is even more unfair
to the voteless District of Co
lumbia, which has no chance at
all,” Mrs. Coffin added.
Many other committeewomen
expressed equal concern, hut did
not want to be quoted.
Envoy's Widow Who Assisted
On 'Mme. Butterfly' Dies in Fire
By the Associated Press
YOKOHAMA, Japan, Feb. 17.
—The woman who gave Puccini
the Japanese melodies for his
famous opera, “Madame Butter
fly,” is missing and feared dead
in the fire that razed a Catholic
home here and burned to death
nearly 100 women.
She is Mrs. Hisako Oyama, 85,
widow of Tsunasuke Oyama,
100 Jopones* Women Perish os Fire
Raxes Home for Agad. Paga A-3
Japanese Minister to Italy in
1899
Mrs. Oyama’s relatives tenta
tively identified a body as hers.
They said Mrs. Oyama, a de
vout Catholic, made her own de
cision to enter the home and
paid her own way. Most of the
inmates were destitute. The
family said she told them “I can
be nearer to Ood there.”
Worst Than Death
A. R. MacKenzie, Canadian flyer, tells
another episode of his captivity by the
Chinese Reds in Korea. The story
appears on
Page A-S.
New York Markets, Pages A-32-33
Mrs. Natvig’s Stories
'lncredible/ FCC
Examiner Declares
Has Heard Enough
Os Reversed Witness
In Lamb Hearing
By tha Auociated Prets
The examiner in the Edward
Lamb case made it clear today
he has heard all the testimony
he wants to hear from turnabout
witness Marie Natvig.
Herbert Sharfman, Federal
Communications Commission ex
aminer who' has listened to the
Miami Beach (Fla.) divorcee
for 11 days, said as today’s ses
sion got under way that his only
finding on her statements will
be “that she’s a completely in
credible witness.”
Mrs. Natvig was excluded from
the hearing room this morning
when lawyers for Mr. Lamb,
Ohio publisher and broadcaster,
and the commission argued
whether she should be kept on
the stand any longer.
Seeks Dismissal.
The Lamb side has suggested
that she be dismissed. But Jo
seph M. Kittner, commission
counsel, insisted he wants to get
into the record some letters she
had written representatives to
show she was on a “friendly”
basis with them even after she
decided to repudiate her testi
mony against Mr. Lamb and to
testify commission lawyers had
forced her to lie.
Mr. Sharfman said:
“So far as I’m concerned I
see no point in further examina
tion of Mrs. Natvig. I’m not
going to make any finding about
coercion. All I can say is that
the witness is completely in
credible.”
Takes No Action.
Although Mr. Sharfman took
no immediate action, it seemed
clear that Mrs. Natvig’s sensa
tional testimony was about to be
brought to an end.
Mr. Kittner contended five let
ters Mrs. Natvig had written to
members of the commission staff
made it clear she was in a
“completely terrified condition
of mind” at the prospect of fur
ther cross examination by Mr.
Lamb’s attorneys.
He said this, and not “coer
cion” by Government lawyers,
probably accounted for her de
cision to repudiate her testi
mony.
Mr. Sharfman replied he rec
ognized that Mrs. Natvig nad
“unduly maligned” commission
staff representatives and that he
had permitted the examination
of her story to go as far as it
;had for that reason. He added,
(See LAMB, Page A-4.)
i The world premiere of "Madame
■ j Butterfly” was 51 years ago to
i j day at Milan's La Scala.
11 Before World War II Mrs.
Oyama told in a magazine arti
>! cle of her connection with the
: opera, the story of a Geisha
i girl, Cho Cho San, and her love
for an American naval officer
, and her suicide when he deserts
, her.
Puccini needed Japanese mu
j steal themes and melodies that
he could elaborate to give the
i opera an authentic Japanese
atmosphere.
He was introduced to Mrs.
. Oyama, an amateur musician
who sang to him the songs of
her native land. Mrs. Oyama
wrote that she was startled to
i .find that Puccini, not too fa
miliar with Japanese music, bad
. used an old drinking song as his
inspiration for the suicide music.
Broyhill to Push
Amendments to
Let D. C. Vote
House Seat Sought;
New Hearing Called
On Home-Rule Bill
Representative Broyhill, Re
publican of Virginia, today asked
for early consideration of Con
stitutional amendment to give
the District a voice in National
affairs.
Mr. Broyhill said he hoped for
early consideration by the House
Picture'on Page A-29
Judiciary Committee for two
constitutional amendments that
would give the District a vote in
presidential elections and voting
representation in Congress. He
introduced the proposal in the
amendment yesterday.
For many years, he said, the
District has sought suffrage. All
these efforts have been futile, he
added. One reason for the stale
mate is caused by the failure of
Washington citizens to get to
gether on one or two particular
methods of obtaining their ob
jective,” he said.
The suffrage question, he said,
“has been beclouded and sub
merged in various ‘home rule’
proposals which have been un
palatable to many District citi
zens and to many members of
Congress.”
Agree on Objective.
Out of all this confusion, how
ever. he said stands the impor
tant fact that permitting District
citizens to vote in presidential
elections “is recognized as desir
able by all factions.”
Along with this, Mr. Broyhill
urges a constitutional amend
ment which would give Congress
the power to provide that there
shall be in Congress members
elected by people of the District
"in such numbers and with snch
powers as the Congress shall de
termine.” District representa
tion would be no greater than
that of any State, under his plan.
He was optimistic over speedy
action by Congress on the vote
for President and Vice Presi
dent.
Mr. Broyhill said he believes
his proposal, which would vest
in Congress the power to desig
nate the number and authority
elected members from the Dis
trict would have, “stands the
best chance of enactment.
“I am hopeful that we will go
all the way and give the Dis
trict voting representation,” but,
he added, “any representation
will be a decided gain.”
New Hearing Called.
Meanwhile, another hearing
on legislation proposing “home
ruie” government for Washing
ton will be held at 2 p.m. next
Tuesday— Washington's Birth
day.
This was announced today by
Chairman Neely of the Senate
District Committee.
Last night, at the Senate Dis
trict Committee hearing on a
home rule bill, the plan for an
elected form of city government
was supported by some wit
nesses but drew blasts from two
spokesmen for the Board of
Trade and from some others.
The leading opposition wit
ness was Edward F. Colladay,
past president and general coun
sel of the Board of Trade, who
(See HOME RULE, Page A-4.)
Blast in Texas Town
Blamed on Gas Pocket
By fha Associated Press
SEQUIN, Tex.. Feb. 17.—What
was believed to be an explosion
of natural gas that collected in
a basement rocked two blocks
of this South Texas town last
night.
Big chunks of concrete were
tom from the floor of the office
building in which the blast oc
curred, the adjoining Sequin
Bank & Trust Co. building was
heavily damaged and three per
sons were injured.
Police said windows were shat
tered m stores and homes in a
two-block radius of the explosion.
The injured included E. A.
Tapp, owner of the building
where the blast occurred, in a
critical condition; Ed Brawner,
who suffered a broken leg, and
Edgar Engelke, chairman of the
Guadalupe-Bianco River Author
ity.
Blue-Billed Doves
In Persimmon Tree
CHARLES E. TRACEWELL—An
early morning observation by a cor
respondent leads to a discourse on
doves—with the voices of contraltos,
all sorts of bills and the gentleness
of aroused tigers. See page A-26.
NEW FACE—John F. Baldwin, from
California's 6th district, is an expert
on accounting and finance, Stor Re
porter Harold B. Rogers writes in the
New Faces in Congress series on paga
A-35.
Guide for Readers
Amusements C-6-7iLost, Found .. A-3
Classified B-17-24 Music A-34
Comics B-26-27 Obituary ....A-30
Cross-ward 826 Ro<lio-TV .... 1-25
Editorial A-26 Sports C-1-4
Edit'l Articles A-27 Woman's
Financial A-32-33 Section ...B-1-3
Hove The Star Delivered to Your
Homo Daily and Sunday
Dial Sterling 3-5000

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