Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR Washington, D C niDAT. FEBBUAKT IS. IBM Dulles and Top Aides To Leave Today for Conferences in Asia „ By John V. Horner Secretary of State Dulles and some of his principal advisers were scheduled to leave Wash ington late today for a round of conferences in Southeast Asia which could affect East-West relations for years to come. Mr. Dulles was to fly first to Bangkok to attend a three-day meeting of the council of the Southeast Asia Collective De fense Treaty Organization, open ing Wednesday. This session, called primarily to organize the council under terms of the Manila Pact of lasi September, will initiate studies of military security for the area, security from subversion, and economic welfare. In his foreign policy address at New York this week, the Secretary said he could not an ticipate decisions that will be made at Bangkok, but he did express confidence that the meeting will demonstrate ad vantages of co-operation be tween Asian nations and the West. Words Not Enough. He said while a good start was made when eight nations signed the SEATO Pact, mere words are not enough. “It" is necessary,” Mr. Dulles declared, "to infuse these words with the breath of life. That I hope, will be dime at Bangkok.” The Secretary pointed out that j delegates attending the three-; day meeting will be there as j equals. He added: “We shall, I think, find ways j to diminish the risk of armed j attack against the treaty area and the danger of subversion from without. Also we shall be gin to study economic problems. These are not capable of any dramatic and spectacular solu tions, but they do respond 'to steady, painstaking and sym pathetic efforts.” * The 22-member delegation ( from the United States includes! Douglas 1 MacArthur 11. State Department counselor: Walter S. Robertson, Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs: H. Struve Hensel. Assistant Sec retary of Defense: Carl W. McCardle. Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs and Admiral Felix B. Stump, USN, commander - in - chief in the j Pacific. Will Visit 4 Nations. After the Bangkok meeting. Secretary Dulles will visit Burma, Cambodia, Laos and Viet Nam.: He will be the first American Secretary of State to visit these countries. Mr. Dulles and his advisers will arrive at Rangoon on Febru ary 26 for conferences with Prime Minister U Nu and other Burmese leaders. The next day they will go to Vien Tiane for j meetings with Prime Minister j Katay and other leaders of Laos. j On February 28. the party will! be in Phnom Penh to see Prime Minister Leng Ngeth and some! of his Cambodian advisers, j That night and on March 1, Mr. f Dulles and his group will be in Saigon, where they will confer with Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem and other Viet Namese leaders. En route home the Secretary will stop at Manila for the open ing session of a regional confer ence of American diplomats in the Far East. Assistant Secre tary Robertson will .remain throughout that conference to continue discussions with the envoys. 8-Chapter Housing Code Suggested by D. C. Aide A housing code in eight chap ters has been suggested for the District by Director Cabell Gwathmey of the Department of Licenses and Inspections. Assigned by the District Com missioners to strip existing regu- j lations of any provisions that j may conflict with the proposed housing code for Washington, he outlined the plan yesterday, j Meanwhile, the drafting com- ; mittee “has pretty well settled ’ most controversial points, and j what we’ve got is a pretty good; compromise,” according to Wil- j liam H. Cary, jr., chairman. The ; next problem is finding language | to express the committee's de sires, he said. The committee, composed of District officials, representatives of the United States Public Health Service and private citi zens, has been meeting once or twice a week. r& MEN'S SUITS /A tm? Custom Tailored \S jjjfy *P Order All Wool Suitings IW 59 50 Regularly Up to 85.00 //\\ VISEK BROTHERS |A \\ Custtm Tail art t 1306 G Street N.W. Time Is Growing Short for Adenauer By Crosby S. Noyes Foretgr Correspondent of Tho Star BONN.—Driving home at mid night along the Koblenzstrasse. the taxi driver jerks his head to ; ward the blazing lights of the Bundeskanzlel. “Der Alte,” he says. "The Old Man works late." For 79*year-old Konrad Aden auer the hour fs very late in- Mr. Noyes, The Star’s European corre spondent, hos been touring Germany in recent weeks, sounding opinion on the great issues confronting our erstwhile enemies. This is one of sev eral articles in which be reports his findings. deed. The man who represents , West Germany to much of the outside world—on whose per sonality and will much of the admiration and many of the misconceptions about Germany depend—is running a close race against time to complete his work. No wonder that Chancellor Adenauer should be the personi fication of , German stability. ; Since taking over as head of the i fledgling West German State in ; 1948, his policy has never j changed. His rocklike devotion to the ideal of Western solidarity made his reputation as the most powerful supporter of the Euro pean Defense Community on the continent. It also assured him of some thing which up to now has been a priceless asset for any Ger man politician—the wholehearted friendship and support of the American Government. Though the dream of EDC has died, Dr. Adenauer’s course has not wavered. Thkfgoal: To bind West Germany so closely to the rest of Western Europe that the ties can never again be severed. To the Chancellor and many others of his generation, Ger man independence and German power are the supreme illusions. The important thing is that the unhappy past can never be re peated. Close Ties to West. From the beginning, he has seen no future for Germany ex cept in complete and close co operation with the West and particularly with the United States. As a substitute for EDC the Chancellor has made no secret of the fact that the plan for a coalition of European states is disappointingly pallid. And yet there is no question that today he regards the Paris Treaties and the creation of Western union as his last will and testament to the German people. There is no question either that he can get the treaties rati fied in Germany whenever he gives the word. Today, Dr. Ade nauer is in the fortunate position of commanding the most stable parliament in Europe. His own Christian Democratic Party holds an absolute majority of Bunde-, stag seats and, between them, his three-party coalition can probably swing the two-thirds majority needed for subsequent enabling legislation. Whenever he needs it, the Chancellor can still crack a powerful political whip Nor is there any evidence that Der Alte has lost his touch with the crowd. People who have watched his performance over several years still rate Dr. Ade nauer as one of the most bril liant public speakers of the day. His hold on an audience is strong and his simple, direct and some what haughty approach wonder fully effective. Some Residual Heils. “There’s a little Fuehrer worship left in every German,” they say in Bonn. “And the Chancellor knows how to reach it.” And yet. for all his prestige and power there are obvious points of weakness in Dr. Ade nauer’s political position. Not the least among them is the striking number of people here who speak up to challenge the effectiveness of the Chancellor’s leadership, his appreciation of major trends in German thought—in short, his claim to real statesmanship. If this criticism were limited to his political enemies it would be natural enough. But it is not. One heretically-minded Amer ican describes the Chancellor as a “high-grade, Tammany type politician—as rough in the clinches as any you’ll find any where.” The general picture is of a simple, one-ldea-at;a time man with the stubborness of a mule and the hide of a rhinoceros. According to a commonly-held view, this inflexibility of the Chancellor’s welcome as it may have been throughout the occupation era—has become a serious political liability today. Since the 1953 elections, the whole complexion of German political life has changed. As evidence of, the Chancellor’s slipping popularity, recent elec tion results in the German Lander are cited in which Dr. Up- ||| r ffpWk -v' *■> -|| # -- .i s jpp ■» < m-k- • If. k p :-'' mb ■ * If / Jagg H *. * :ii •.sißHm Kflp Hl’ 1 J Igggl aPI; J 9 H|' nf JSj CHANCELLOR ADENAUER. Adenauer’s CDU Party suffered sharp reverses at the hands of the Socialists and other, more nationalist-minded parties. Aware of Change. Impatient as he may be with the new ideas creeping into Ger man political life, there is some reason to believe that the Chan cellor is not entirely Insensitive to them or unaware of the dan ger they represent to the at tainment of his goal. Within recent weeks the issue of Ger man reunification has gradually replaced Western unity as the central theme ip major govern ment speeches. Today, without exactly saying how, the Chancel lor is arguing his case for the Paris Treaties on the ground that they will further the cause of reunification. Other government spokesmen have gone further. Eugen Ger stenmaier, CDU speaker of the Bundestag, has found occasion to remind the West that “When the Paris Treaties go into force, the occupation regime will be ended on the territory of the Bo’nn Republic. As regards the question of German reunifica tion, that can only mean that we gather together our entire strength and apply the freedom restored to us to struggle with tenacious patience and iron energy for the reunification of Germany.” Dr. Gerstenmaier added that those who favor the permanent division of Germany do not take | | Hours: 9:30 A; M. to 5:45 P. M. ' : ? I Bradmore Flannel Suits | ■» now i 65.00 ’ i Always a “test buy," according to cjotliing « specialists, Sradmore is more rewarding ■«) than ever at this lowered price. The 5 clean tailoring, the far-ahove run-of-the- C mill fabrics, are the same splendid quality. 2 p And, as ever, you may he assured of « > proper fit. Available in charcoal or me- 4 jj dium grey, minimum shoulder jacket, with three buttons and center vent; trousers G are pleated. ' 5 | MEN S CLOTHING. SECOND FLOOR \ * JULIUS GARFINCKEL & CO. \ LF Street at Fourteenth T «>4tVS> ft>4bVJ> 04EV50 «>4WS> «>4tSJ) 04bO a"—"- i"——. —"i i '«» into account the "freedom of political initiative" that Ger many will exercise once the treaties come into force. Remains Strang. Despite such broad hints that German may seek a formula for reunification not wholly pleas ing to the present" occupying powers, the German rebellion is still well under control. Most people in Bonn—including many who deplore the fact—believe that as long as Dr. Adepauer holds power (the next national elections are in 1957) no star tling changes in German policy are likely. By the sheer weight of his personal prestige, the j Chancellor for the time being j at least can keep the lid on. \ There are two worrisome sea- i tures to tjiis state of affairs, j however. The removal of Dr. : Adenauer from the political scene by death or illness would alter radically the setup. In this respect the individual pres tige and power which the Chan cellor enjoys would be a distinct liability to his political heir Splendid in hit own isolation, he shares the spotlight with no one. Within the party ranks there are few who can claim close per sonal friendship with the Chan- : cellor and no real division of au thority. The relationship is that of a schoolmaster to a group of 1 sophomores. And among the half-dozen men most mentioned as possible successors to the Nugent Defended By Officer Convicted As a Collaborator ly lh« Awairialod Pr*M FORT SILL. Okla., Feb. 18 An infantry officer convicted of collaboration as a war prisoner in North Korea is lending his voice to. Maj. Ambrose H. Nu gent’s defense against Army charges he also helped the enemy. Maj. Nugent’s support comes from Lt. Col. Harry Fleming, 47, of Racine, Wis., who was ordered dismissed from service by a Fort Sheridan, (111.,) court martial board last September 23. Pending appeal of the verdict, Capt. Fleming is stationed at Fort Lenonard Wood Mo. He was to resume today at Ma|. Nugent's 18-day old court martial his story of POW Camp 12, a spot the defense says was established by North Korean political commissars near Pyong yang to pressure selected United leadership of the CDU, none come close to his stature. Apart from this obvious dan ger is the possible effect of events beyond the Chancellor’? control. Even Dr. Adenauer does not like to think of the conse quences if the German political stew is kept simmering too long. Already, unsettling new ideas have infiltrated deeply into the coalition parties of the govern ment and are to be found in the CDU itself. There seems little question that in recent months the political position of the gov ernment has softened noticeably and that the government line has become in an increasing degree the Chancellor’s dictated policy. If this is so it would not be surprising if a new blow—such as rejection of the Paris treaties by the French—were to splinter the government bloc and leave tl)e field open to the Socialist opposition. ' * L \ \ or y our y° un s \ \ social butterfly ... \ \ % Famous J \ Cinderella \Y& dresses M ln carefree M \ nylon f/k 3 to 6* % i v sizes B Oft J 7 to 14 All nylon... and wonderfully easy to Care for—just dunk and let dry without ironing! All a-whirl with tiered ruffles...in a full six-yard sweep! Plus a sprinkling of rhinestones, elasticized I waist, bow-capped sleeves. Cay butterfly . print on pastel maize or blush pink. BOND'S 1335 "F" Street N A Nations captives Into propagand izing the communist cause. Described as Efficient. CoL Fleming testified yester day after the highest ranking officer to appear at the trial; described Maj. Nugent, 45, as | a "very efficient and effective I officer” for whom he would | “fight to keep on my command.” This appraisal was by Brig, j Gen. Miller O. Perry, who as! a lieutenant colonel, commanded the accused’s artillery unit over run by Red forces July 5, 1950, Maj. Nugent’s capture date. Gen. Perry, now chief of the Army's advisory group to the Maxwell. (Ala.,) Air Force Base, eluded the foe. Col Fleming said Maj.. Nugent, from Merrill, Wis., was In “very bad” physical and mental shape "When he first met him at the camp in May, 1951. He testified that Nugent had hallucinations about sumptuous food. Used Americans to Teach. It is at Camp 12, the Army alleges, that Maj. Nugent signed and circulated “peace petitions,” made broadcasts and recordings and prepared and delivered speeches for the enemy accusing his own country’s part in the war. Col. Fleming told how Ameri can officers turned into their own use the Communists’ politi cal indoctrination classes. He said the Reds insisted the Ameri cans do the instructing. He and Lt. Col. Paul V. Liles, then a major and ranking officer, who resisted the Communists pres sure after a severe illness, agreed it "might be a good idea,” Col. Fleming related. “More Americanism was taught than anything else,” Col. Flem ing said. "If any one wanted to know how rotten communism was they could have learned in these classes.” Pluto Found in 1930 BERKELEY.—The most Re cent discovery of a major planet occurred in 1930 when astron omers identified Pluto, a strange area which lies an average of 3.666 million miles distant from the sun. jas|p[ BRUCE HUNT STORE FOR MEN SB Too Important to Hold Bock! STARTS TOMORROW, SATURDAY, 9 lo 6 Bruce Hunt’s Greatest Washington's Birthday SIAILjE j ! ! /LOWEST PRICES OF THE YEAR!/ Save on Men's Suits, Outercoats, Furnishings , Sportswear, Hats, Shoes Bruce Hunt 4 613 14th St. N.W., between F and G V REpublic 7-4737 J> Open a Convenient Charge Account 11 = D.J.K.—fine menswear since 1897 This Is It! j» WILL NOT BE LONER FEB. 22 REG. 57.50 Charcoal Flannel AND REG. *65 IMPORTED HARRIS TWEED SUITS ♦4B Entire Stock *BS Eagle and Hyde Park Suits S6B Entire Stock *75 Hyde Park Suits SSB Reg. *45 to *35 Sport Coats $26 «mm : msmsm " m Outercoats \ Price j § We have taken a selected number of our very finest § ; I outercoats and slashed the prices In half. Here are I | values you can’t afford to miss. / I 34—Reg. $125 cashmere and Cfl wool imported tweeds and 1% m " | j cheviots (some velvet collars) ww*ffl | 27—Reg. 149.50 pure 100% 7C Cashmere and 100% Camel MU* I Hair Outercoats ■ OPEN A CHARGE ACCOUNT TAKE 4 MONTHS TO PAY! V 4 March Va April Va May Va June I vlfglyl 1005 Panna. Ava. N.W. 14th Cr Eye Sts. N.W. Park Plaia, 10th b E Park Ott'g Garaga Free: or 415 10th St. ' Fret: 1419 Eya St.