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Os 2 Cents Urged For Maryland Wider Distribution Os Sales and Use Levies Is Proposed By th« Associated Press ANNAPOLIS, Md., Feb. 24. Two Baltimore County law makers came up today with a plan to pull Maryland out of a S2B-million hole without raising the State income or sales tax rates, as proposed by Gov. Mc- Keldin. Instead, they would tax cigar ettes two cents a pack, apply the 2 per cent sales and use taxes to more and lower priced items, and make corporations pay income taxes on the spot instead of in quarterly install ments. Expect Other Sponsors. Senator Turnbull and Dele gate Boone, Democratic majority leaders in their respective houses, prepared their proposals for in troduction at this afternoon's ses sion of the Legislature. They said j “others” would serve as co sponsor of their bills. They outlined them last night to the Senate Finance Commit tee, which Mr. Turnbull heads, and the House Ways and Means Committee, of which Mr. Boone is chairman. Gov. McKeldin’s proposed budget calls for raising the sales tax from 2to 3 per cent. He also would increase the income tax from 2 to 3 per cent on individ uals and from 4 to 5 per cent on corporations. In addition, the Governor would begin collection of income taxes on a withholding basis, just like the Federal Government, and allow a SI,OOO instead of a S6OO exemption for each dependent. The withholding system would enable the State to get its hands j on revenue during a fiscal year, | instead of waiting until the end \ of the year and in some cases | collecting it in quarterly chunks j spread over the next 12 months, j Mr. Turnbull and Mr. Boone I said their measures would include i the withholding and increased : exemption features suggested by the Republican Governor. Pay-as-You-Go Basis. But by putting corporations as wfell as individuals on a pay-as you-go basis, the State could pick i up $2,750,000 more—or a total of $14,890,304 —for the fiscal year beginning July 1 instead of wait ing for the following year, they said. Besides this amount, the Dem ocratic leaders would figure on ! $6 million through the cigarette 1 tax and $9.5 million through 1 wider application of the sales and use taxes. The Turnbull-Boone plan calls I for a penny sales tax on virtu- 1 ally all items—except cigarettes I —costing from 14 to 50 cents and i a 2 per cent levy on everything 1 priced at 51 cents or more. i This would include restaurant meals, soap, detergents and oth er household products. |i All these features were in the I sales tax when it went into effect 1 in 1947, but were knocked out I less than four years later. Eric Rhodes to Head Education Group Eric F. Rhodes, chairman of : the English department at ! Washington-Lee High School in Arlington, Va., will become exe- ; iyjpi WK/hlMi j 1 Sf •S§ i mlf 9; , (mHBm ilk Hi wf * WKSk SKk VHt £ cutive secre- » tary of the 1 Mont gomery f County Edu- S cation Associ- | ation in Mary- I land next Tuesday. Mr. Rhodes, a who presently C lives in Falls I Church, Va., I will be I charged with I carrying out! the associa- * v u o noouviu - i tion’s public Mr Rho<l '' i - t relations program, acting as business manager and association , spokesman and developing a pro- . fessional publication. He plans | ‘ to move shortly to Montgomery ; County. | j Mr. Rho*ls* has been employed I. at Washington-Lee High School ‘ for the last s'/ 2 years. He also . has served as executive secretary and vice president of the Arling ton Education Association and has worked towards obtaining higher salaries and improved re tirement benefits for teachers He was educated at George Washington University, receiving both B. A. and M. A. degrees, and is a candidate for his doctorate. A journalism major, he edited George Washington’s Phi Delta Kappa Newsletter while in col lege. He is a native of Luray, Va. Alexandria Puts Lee on Letterhead With Washington On Alexandria's official letter head, George Washington is going to have to share honors with Robert E. Lee. The city's official letterhead I now says, “The Home Town of j George Washington.” The City Council voted to ex- | pand that to read, “The Home Town of George Washington and j Robert E. Lee.” The Robert E. Lee Camp of j the Sons of Confederate Veterans I asked the change to honor the ■ Confederate general who once lived in the city. AMUSEMENTS , FINANCE * Red-on-White Maryland Car Tags For 1 955-56 on Sale By th« Associated Press BALTIMORE. Feb. 24. Maryland's new 1955-6 auto mobile license tags are on sale. The new white plates with red numerals may be dis played on cars on and after March 1. Every car must have them before 12:01 am. on- April 1. The Department pf Motor Vehicles started mailing out application forms for the new tags on Monday and had i ! that part of its annual job i mostly out of the way by - | yesterday. : I Chief Movie Censor i Among Three Aides Dropped by McKeldin By Gene Goodwin Star Staff Correspondent ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 24.—Mary land’s controversial chief movie censor. Sidney R. Traub, was on his way out today, the victim of ■ omission from Gov. McKeldin’s [ j list of nominations for State jobs. Two other big names missing from the Governor’s Greenbag list delivered to the State Sen ate for confirmation yesterday were those of Arthur H. Brice, chairman of the Department of Tidewater Fisheries, and Thomas B. R. Mudd, Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. The Governor nominated C. Morton Goldstein, Baltimore city lawyer a Republican, to the Board of Motion Picture Cen sors, replacing Mr. Traub, a Democrat. Tawes Elevated. To replace Mr. Brice, Gov. Mc- Keldin elevated John P. Tawes of Crisfleld, now a Republican member of the Tidewater Fish eries Commission, and nominated j William F. Hilgenberg of Balti jmore to fill out the remaining I two years of Mr. Tawes’ term, j Mr. Hilgenberg is a seafood j merchant and part owner of the j Baltimore Orioles baseball team ; and the Baltimore Colts football j team. A Democrat, his role in Maryland politics has been one of a financial benefactor. Mr, Brice, a Democrat, was re lieved of his duties on the com mission by the Governor last month after he had been ar- j ; rested by Federal game wardens 1 ion a duck baiting charge. Mr. Mudd, if the Senate ap proves, will be replaced as of May 2 by Frank Small, jr., Washington auto dealer and former Republican Representa tive from Maryland’s sth Dis trict. Requests Retirement. Mr. Mudd, who lives in La Plata, told the Governor in a letter released to the press that he did not wish to be reap pointed because he had been ad- j vised "to cut down on some of my business or public activities.” j Mr. Traub has been a member j of the movie censorship board ! i since 1949 and has frequently been embroiled in controversies , with movie producers and legis- j lators. In a statement to the Senate Finance Committee yesterday, he said that if he were not re appointed it would be because he “had incurred the displeasure of certain independent theater owners.” Also in the list of executive nominations, traditionally deliv- | ; ered to the Senate in a green bag were recommendations for i reappointment of State Police I Supt. Elmer F. Munshower of 1 Frederick and Enos S. Stock j bridge of Baltimore County, di rector of the Department of Cor rection. Edward D. E. Rollins of Elk ton, who was Gov. McKeldin’s attorney-general until he was de feated last November, was nomi nated for a $6,000-a-year post on the State Industrial Accident Commission. The Governor's nominations for 37 State jobs produced no. hitherto unknown changes or re- 1 appointments except for failure to send down that of the chair man of employment security. This highest paid, SIO,OOO, of the appointments available to the Governor this year, has been offered to Senator Kimble, Re publican, of Allegany. The vet eran of 22 years in the Legisla ture wanted until today to de cide if he wants it. A (Drought for ©oiiag Lenten Reflections by Pedple You Know By J. Edgar Hoover Director of the Federal Bureau of Investgiafion A verse from the Bible that is very meaningful to me is Micah, vi.B. I find that I have used it a number of times in addressing school and college groups. It seems to express a philosophy of life that all can follow. It reads: “. .. and what doth the Lord re quire of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?” These words have always been close to my heart. They define, in such simple terms, just what God wants us to do. All too often we tend to forget God. We allow the hustle and bustle of everyday life to push Him aside. Micah is telling us that God loves us and wants us to follow His ways. Life is not to be judged by a man’s material wealth, honor or achievements. We must all be humble, just, and love mercy. These words are a guide to everyday living. That’s why so many thousands of men and women have found in them comfort, strength and hope. Tomorrow, Dr. Edward L. R. Elson. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1955 Arlington PTA Acts on School Board Choices Member Groups Urged to Participate In Nomination Talks The Arlington County Council of Parent-Teacher Associations last night urged its member groups to participate in the forthcoming School Board Nom inating Convention. It also gave the go-ahead to participation in any other “con ; vention” that might be spon sore dby the Arlington Inde i pendent Movement or other I groups, providing the rules “con j form to PTA standards.” i This is the latest development I to a controversy touched off last month by Dr. Robert Detwiler, chairman of the Arlington Inde pendent Movement, a coalition . of Democrats and Republicans, » which is expected to select i School Board candidates to op p pose those picked by the Nomi i nating Convention. "Device” Seen by Detwiler. , Dr. Detwiler wrote local PTAs ; uring that they refrain from ac tive participation in the conven ; tion “or a similar political de | vice.” A resolution approved by the . council last night said the Na ! tional Congress of Parents and Teachers authorizes local units to participate in caucuses which are representative of the whole community, which do not bind 1 delegates to support particular candidates or a political party, and which seek to find the best j candidates available. | It was these standards that I the council set as conditions for local member participation. | IAM usually nominates its j candidates at political “break- I fasts,” rather than by conven | tion. The measure was approved after talks by William G. Watt, chairman of the Planning Coun : cil, set up to organize the Nomi nating Convention, and by Dr. L. H. Blevins of A. I. M. Preferential Poll Taken. The council also took a pre j ferential poll of items suggested by Schools Supt. E. T. Rutter I for Inclusion in next year’s budget. The School Board will | hold a hearing on the proposals iat 8 o’clock tonight in Wash ington-Lee High School. Projects, in the order of their preference, approve* by dele gates to the council last night were: Teacher salary increases; im proved elementary textbooks; free textbooks for all grades; re modelling school buildings; kin dergartens; library improve ments; school bus replacement and school ground improve ments. Postmaster on Trial In Greenbelt Theft By the Associated Press BALTIMORE, Feb. 24. Thomas R. Freeman. 61-year-old postmaster at Greenbelt, went on trial in Federal Court yester day, charged with taking a pack age containing a silver baby spoon and food scraper from the mails. j Freeman, who has been in charge of the small postoffice six years, has denied the charge and refused to resign. Svend G. Ohrvall, postal in spector and the Government’s first witness, testified that the items in question were in a test package prepared by postal in spectors and sent to Greenbelt as a result of “confidential infor mation.” I He said the wrappings had been dusted with an invisible powder, some of which later ! turned up on the hands of the postmaster. j Mr. Ohrvall said Freeman denied taking the package for his ; own use but said he had found \ 1 it unwrapped on the shelf and 1 decided to keep it until the wrap- : ping was found or a claim was made. I Freeman, the father of two children and veteran of infantry service in France in World War I, is active in veterans affairs in Greenbelt and has been a justice of the peace 11 years. i. Idnr Hoover. JEjeJberang Ji&tf ■ ggfe' * < jJn mt' r ' If C"-: ■ ' , j, >. ; mt'* v ' * wmmmmmMu, ; 4? MBK * , ,1 ygjpiiflfe, jr mßgLg* * md fflm - ■ ■Jimp 4 f. > Ip I \ lW$. i! 111 - •. * —Star Btaff Photo by Paul Schmlck. BLAZE FATAL TO FIREFIGHTER—Dense smoke shrouds firemen battling a five-alarm blaze at 709-711 D street N.W. early to day. Fire Capt. George Flaherty was killed and 18 other firemen were injured or suffered smoke exhaustion. Bill to Exempt Taxes Os Maryland Farm Credit Firms Planned By a Star Staff Correspondent ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 24.—A bill to exempt farm credit corpora tions from paying Maryland taxes levied on personal loan and industrial finance companies will be introduced in the Mary land legislature by its Prince Georges County members. That was decided last night at a closed meeting of the six Prince Georges House members and Prince Georges Senator H. Winship Wheatley, jr., all Demo crats. They said afterward, in an nouncing they would introduce the bill, that it was asked by the Southern Maryland Produc tion Credit Association of Upper Marlboro. The bill would put such agri cultural credit corporations In the same category as ordinary business corporations, and re i quire that they pay the same taxes, including the real estate tax, personal property tax, State and Federal income tax, Mary land documentary stamp tax and other excise taxes. Adoption BUI Under Fire. Meanwhile, the controversy over the adoption bill continued to boil as the Montgomery County Medical Society urged ; that its county be brought under i a provision to permit doctors, I lawyers and clergymen to act : as middlemen in placing adopted children. Only Prince Georges and Har ford counties would allow such individual action in adoption cases under the bill which has passed the House and is now be fore the Senate. In Baltimore city and the other counties, chil dren could be placed for adop tion only by licensed agencies, natural parents and grandpar- j ents. The Prince Georges-Har- J ford amendment, which the j Mountgomery Medical Society: would like to be broadened to j include Montgomery, also would allow uncles and aunts, as well | as doctors, lawyers and clergy- i men. to place a child for adop-! tion. At the same time, the Prince j Georges delegation discussed the adoption amendment with a delegation from the County League of Women Voters, which visited the Legislature yesterday. Mrs. Wood Sees “Evasion.” Mrs. William Wood, former league president, said the amendment would allow an eva sion of the county welfare de partment in adoption matters which would decrease the pro tection that should be given to adopted children. The Prince Georges delega tion. in another long and busy day., also conferred with the county library board, which asked for a $200,000 bond issue for a central library building. The delegates took the request under advisement. Mother Hoped Capt Flaherty Would Never Be a Fireman Father Commanded sth Police Precinct Until '47 Retirement When George R. Flaherty came downtown 24 years ago to take a test on his fitness to be a fire man, his mother told a friend who was going along: ! “I hope you pass, but I hope George fails.” It worked the other way. The friend failed and young George Flaherty—whose father already was on the way up as a District policeman—passed. Early today, Capt. Flaherty, who had made the fire depart ment his life, died of smoke ex haustion while leading his men in battling a stubborn five-alarm blaze at 709 D street N.W. Washington Native. Capt. Flaherty had lived all of his 46 years in Washington. His father is John Flaherty, who retired eight years ago as commander of the fifth precinct after 40 years’ service with the ! Police Department. Capt. Flaherty .attended St. Peter’s Parochial School and Gonzaga High School. At the time he joined the Fire Depart ment, he was taking courses at the Knights of Columbus Law School. His mother, Mrs. Blanche Flaherty of 3319 Fifth street 1 3.E., said Capt. Flaherty was a devoted family man and that : his principal interest after that was his job as a fireman. He joined the department in May, 1931. In April, two years ago, the Friendship Fire Association, an organization of fire buffs, hon ored him as the first combina tion Policeman-Fireman of the Month. Seized Suspect. ■ Earlier in 1943, he and his sngine company responded to a | false alarm at Vermont avenue and K street N.W. On the scene, a Marine told the captain he had seen a man sound the alarm. Capt. Flaherty raced after the auto described by the Marine, who had meantime leaped aboard the fire engine to assist. Near Thomas circle N.W., the sus pect stopped his car for a traffic light, and Capt. Flaherty blocked it off with his fire engine. The man was arrested and forfeited collateral. In 1949 he was cited under a special act of Congress for a rescue of three children from a burning home at 313 O street S.W. on March 6 of that year. Entered Burning House. He and Pvt. Henry W. Lange, both then with No. 7 Engine Co., entered the burning second-floor bedroom and found five colored children huddling under a bed. Capt. Flaherty gathered up thiee of them and carried them out, and Pvt. Lange carried the other two to safety. Capt. Flaherty and Pvt. Lange ~wXsHm6TM4illilNn vlinf/(/lV OBITUARIES GEORGE R. FLAHERTY. received honorable mentions under a gold medal award pro gram set up by Congress for mer itorious service by policemen and firemen. Surviving in addition to his parents are his wife. Florence; a daughter, Mrs. James Mc- Chesney, of 3311 Fourteenth place S.E., a son, George R„ jr., of the home at 3315 Eleventh place S.E.; a grandchild, and two brothers, John, of 3326 M street S.E., and Bernard, of 3319 Fifth street S.E. Piggy Bank and SBO Stolen From Alexandria Optimists Alexandria police have been alerted to watch for a robber ! believed to be in possession of the Alexandria Optimist Club piggy bank, a 12-inch, yellow lacquered pig, containing SBO in silver. | Fred Johnson, the club’s ser | geant-at-arms, yesterday told ! police the bank, which contained silver coins collected as fines from club members, was stolen from the George Mason Hotel in Alexandria. Mr. Johnson said the bank usually is kept on a table in the I hotel during club luncheons and taken to the hotel safe the meeting. \ Children to Give Play The Children’s Theater of the Arlington County Department of Recreation and Parks will present “Cinderella of Lower land” at both 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. Saturday at the Kate Waller Barrett Elementary School, 4401 North Henderson road, Arling ton. Library Group to Meet The Upper Chillum - Library Association will meet at 8:15 o’clock tonight at the Lewisdale Elementary School, Twenty- j fourth street and Banning place. Lewisdale, Md. The group will discuss ways to raise money for; a library in the Upper Chillum area. Fire Captain Killed, 18 Injured Battling D Street Blaze they had the upper hand, flames belched anew from the rear* of the shoe repair store and addi tional hose lines were pulled to the new danger point. Under Control at 2:30. It-was under control about 30 minutes later—at 2:30 a.m. “It was tough as hell,” said Fire Chief Millard Sutton, a veteran of many of them. The Metropolitan Police dis patcher, from a vantage point on the fourth floor of the Mu nicipal Center, was virtually looking down into the blaze. Because of the intense smoke and small show of fire itself, one dispatcher called it “the laziest fire I ever saw.” Deputy Police Chief William Cunningham, at the height of the blaze, ordered patrol wagons from four precincts to bring their stretchers for use in event more (Continued From First Page.) firemen were felled than am bulances could handle. All scout cars were told to pick up as many foot patrolmen as they could and bring them to the fire area. More than 40 were handling the crowd and traffic attracted to the scene. At one point, as glass began popping out of the buildings, all persons except firemen were or dered from the blocked street. Three aerial ladders were up on the D street side: two more on the Seventh street side. 3 Doctors on Scene. Three doctors, including Dep uty Coroner Richard M. Rosen berg, were on the scene as were members of the Friendship Fire i Association with traditional cof fee. ■ Fire Marshal Ray Roberts said today a preliminary examination indicated the fire may have j started in the L-shaped base ment which runs under both damaged buildings, but he of fered no theory as to the cause. Firemen admitted to Emer gency Hospital for treatment of smoke inhalation were: Lt. Harry Winters, 45, 4036 Second street S.W., of Truck Co. 1; R. O. Bowsher, 42. 3038 M street S.E., of Engine Co. 6, and Leo Raulerson, 33, 34 Duvall street S.E., of Engine Co. 3. They were reported in good con dition. Among those treated for smoke inhalation or injuries were: Pvt. Harry Gates, 28, 1334 East Capitol street, of Rescue Squad 1, inhalation. Pvt. H. E. Krug, 28. 1616 Mon roe street N.E., of Rescue Squad 1, inhalation. J, A. Bladen, of 1329 Thirty second street S.E., of Engine Co. 6, inhalation. Lt. C. J. Short, 45, of 2705 , Thirteenth street N.E., of Engine Co.‘4, cut left hand. Charles M. Chamberlain, 42 6709 Annan drive, Fairway Hills, Md.. aide to Deputy Chief Carl Poole, sprained ankle. * A-37 Detention Home • Funds Pledged By Alexandria Council Moves Step Closer to Building Municipal Gym Alexandria City Council last night pledged the city’s share of construction funds for a re gional juvenile detention home iff Northern Virginia. The city’s share, $34,748. will be included in the budget for the coming fiscal year. Earlier Arlington County had pledged $68,595, Fairfax County, $62,- 577, and Falls Church, $4,080, toward the $170,0Q0 project which is to be located in Fair fax County. The way has also been cleared toward creation of an authority by the four juris dictions to operate the home. Move for City Gym. The council (also moved a step closer toward achievement of a long-discussed proposal—build ing a municipal gymnasium-au ditorium. City Manager Ira Willard was directed to report at the March 22 meeting of the Council on a plan of financing the project which it is estimated will cost $750,000. A fund of $250,000 pro vided in a bond issue in 1948, is available. A citizens committee which studied the proposal recommend ed that the gymnasium be de signed to seat 4,000 persons. The report submitted by R. H. Bogle and Nicholas Colasanto suggest ed three alternate means of rais ing $500,000 dollars needed for the project. The alternates include issu ance of bonds, borrowing of funds from local banks on short term notes or provision of funds in the next fiscal budget. School Lights Planned. The Council voted to appro priate $2,279 for installation of traffic lights at Duke street and Quaker lane to slow traffic near the Stonewall Jackson School. In other Council action, a Com mission on Historical Records was j approved on a recommendation I of the Alexandria Association, a | citizens group. Mrs. Arnold, Widow 01 Bus Owner, Wed Mrs. Antoinette M. Arnold, 45, wealthy widow of the former president of the Washington, Virginia & Maryland Coach Co., was married yesterday to W. George Faraco. 48, of Hunting Towers, Alexandria, and Oyster Bay. N. Y. The brief ceremony took place in Washington before Municipal Court Judge George D. Neilson in the judge’s chambers. The marriage license was ap plied for last Friday and picked up yeu,erday morning, just be fore the wedding. It listed the marriage for Mrs. Arnold as her third and the fifth for Mr. Faraco. No occupation W’as list ed for the bridegroom. | Mrs. Arnold’s first marriage i ended in a Reno divorce, ac j cording to the application. Her ; second husband, Joseph H. Arnold, whom she married in i 1933, died in December, 1953, at ! the age of 50. He headed the bus line, serving the nearby Virginia areas, often referred to as the | Arnold lines. The license ap j plication said all of Mr. Faraco’s previous marriages ended in j divorce. j Mrs. Arnold has been living ;in the palatial Arnold home. Walnut Hill, near Falls Church. Wakefield High School Sets Up Job Agency A Student Advisory Commit tee on Employment has been established at Wakefield High School, Arlington, to procure permanent, part-time and sum mer jobs for the students of the schools. Officers elected for the club include Chuckie Haas, chair man; Martha Ray field, secre tary, and Harold Bookbinder, counselor. Fairfax Hearings On Delinquency Open Tomorrow ! A citizens’ committe appoint jed by the Fairfax Board of County Supervisors to study juvenile delinquency problems in the county will launch a series of hearings at 10 a.m. tomorrow in the county courthouse. Joseph H. Freehill, committee chairman, said the purpose of j the hearings is to study the pre ventive services available in Fairfax County to combat juve nile delinquency and to evaluate such services. A long list of State and county officials connected with law en forcement, schools, welfare work and other agencies dealing with juveniles have been invited to i appear at the hearings. Repre sentatives of various civic groups also are scheduled to testify. Mr. Freehill said other individuals or organizations interested in ap pearing before the committee should notify him. Serving with Mr. Freehill on the committee are Mrs. Bernard A. Goodkind, Mrs. Charles Pick ett. the Rev. Raymond W. Davis, Harry L. Carrico and Mrs. Ollie Clark.