Os 2 Cents Urged
Os Sales and Use
Levies Is Proposed
By th« Associated Press
ANNAPOLIS, Md., Feb. 24.
Two Baltimore County law
makers came up today with a
plan to pull Maryland out of a
S2B-million hole without raising
the State income or sales tax
rates, as proposed by Gov. Mc-
Instead, they would tax cigar
ettes two cents a pack, apply
the 2 per cent sales and use
taxes to more and lower priced
items, and make corporations
pay income taxes on the spot
instead of in quarterly install
Expect Other Sponsors.
Senator Turnbull and Dele
gate Boone, Democratic majority
leaders in their respective houses,
prepared their proposals for in
troduction at this afternoon's ses
sion of the Legislature. They said j
“others” would serve as co
sponsor of their bills.
They outlined them last night
to the Senate Finance Commit
tee, which Mr. Turnbull heads,
and the House Ways and Means
Committee, of which Mr. Boone
Gov. McKeldin’s proposed
budget calls for raising the sales
tax from 2to 3 per cent. He also
would increase the income tax
from 2 to 3 per cent on individ
uals and from 4 to 5 per cent
In addition, the Governor
would begin collection of income
taxes on a withholding basis, just
like the Federal Government, and
allow a SI,OOO instead of a S6OO
exemption for each dependent.
The withholding system would
enable the State to get its hands j
on revenue during a fiscal year, |
instead of waiting until the end \
of the year and in some cases |
collecting it in quarterly chunks j
spread over the next 12 months, j
Mr. Turnbull and Mr. Boone I
said their measures would include i
the withholding and increased :
exemption features suggested by
the Republican Governor.
But by putting corporations as
wfell as individuals on a pay-as
you-go basis, the State could pick i
up $2,750,000 more—or a total of
$14,890,304 —for the fiscal year
beginning July 1 instead of wait
ing for the following year, they
Besides this amount, the Dem
ocratic leaders would figure on !
$6 million through the cigarette 1
tax and $9.5 million through 1
wider application of the sales
and use taxes.
The Turnbull-Boone plan calls I
for a penny sales tax on virtu- 1
ally all items—except cigarettes I
—costing from 14 to 50 cents and i
a 2 per cent levy on everything 1
priced at 51 cents or more. i
This would include restaurant
meals, soap, detergents and oth
er household products. |i
All these features were in the I
sales tax when it went into effect 1
in 1947, but were knocked out I
less than four years later.
Eric Rhodes to Head
Eric F. Rhodes, chairman of :
the English department at !
Washington-Lee High School in
Arlington, Va., will become exe-
iyjpi WK/hlMi j 1
Sf •S§ i
mlf 9; ,
ilk Hi wf *
WKSk SKk VHt £
cutive secre- »
tary of the 1
Mont gomery f
County Edu- S
cation Associ- |
ation in Mary- I
Mr. Rhodes, a
who presently C
lives in Falls I
Church, Va., I
will be I
charged with I
the associa- *
v u o noouviu - i
tion’s public Mr Rho<l '' i - t
relations program, acting as
business manager and association ,
spokesman and developing a pro- .
fessional publication. He plans | ‘
to move shortly to Montgomery ;
County. | j
Mr. Rho*ls* has been employed I.
at Washington-Lee High School ‘
for the last s'/ 2 years. He also .
has served as executive secretary
and vice president of the Arling
ton Education Association and
has worked towards obtaining
higher salaries and improved re
tirement benefits for teachers
He was educated at George
Washington University, receiving
both B. A. and M. A. degrees, and
is a candidate for his doctorate.
A journalism major, he edited
George Washington’s Phi Delta
Kappa Newsletter while in col
lege. He is a native of Luray, Va.
Lee on Letterhead
On Alexandria's official letter
head, George Washington is going
to have to share honors with
Robert E. Lee.
The city's official letterhead I
now says, “The Home Town of j
The City Council voted to ex- |
pand that to read, “The Home
Town of George Washington and j
Robert E. Lee.”
The Robert E. Lee Camp of j
the Sons of Confederate Veterans I
asked the change to honor the ■
Confederate general who once
lived in the city.
, FINANCE *
Maryland Car Tags
For 1 955-56 on Sale
By th« Associated Press
BALTIMORE. Feb. 24.
Maryland's new 1955-6 auto
mobile license tags are on
The new white plates with
red numerals may be dis
played on cars on and after
March 1. Every car must
have them before 12:01 am.
on- April 1.
The Department pf Motor
Vehicles started mailing out
application forms for the
new tags on Monday and had
i ! that part of its annual job
i mostly out of the way by
- | yesterday.
Chief Movie Censor
i Among Three Aides
Dropped by McKeldin
By Gene Goodwin
Star Staff Correspondent
ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 24.—Mary
land’s controversial chief movie
censor. Sidney R. Traub, was on
his way out today, the victim of
■ omission from Gov. McKeldin’s
[ j list of nominations for State
Two other big names missing
from the Governor’s Greenbag
list delivered to the State Sen
ate for confirmation yesterday
were those of Arthur H. Brice,
chairman of the Department of
Tidewater Fisheries, and Thomas
B. R. Mudd, Commissioner of
The Governor nominated C.
Morton Goldstein, Baltimore city
lawyer a Republican, to the
Board of Motion Picture Cen
sors, replacing Mr. Traub, a
To replace Mr. Brice, Gov. Mc-
Keldin elevated John P. Tawes
of Crisfleld, now a Republican
member of the Tidewater Fish
eries Commission, and nominated
j William F. Hilgenberg of Balti
jmore to fill out the remaining
I two years of Mr. Tawes’ term,
j Mr. Hilgenberg is a seafood
j merchant and part owner of the
j Baltimore Orioles baseball team
; and the Baltimore Colts football
j team. A Democrat, his role in
Maryland politics has been one
of a financial benefactor.
Mr, Brice, a Democrat, was re
lieved of his duties on the com
mission by the Governor last
month after he had been ar- j
; rested by Federal game wardens 1
ion a duck baiting charge.
Mr. Mudd, if the Senate ap
proves, will be replaced as of
May 2 by Frank Small, jr.,
Washington auto dealer and
former Republican Representa
tive from Maryland’s sth Dis
Mr. Mudd, who lives in La
Plata, told the Governor in a
letter released to the press that
he did not wish to be reap
pointed because he had been ad- j
vised "to cut down on some of
my business or public activities.” j
Mr. Traub has been a member j
of the movie censorship board !
i since 1949 and has frequently
been embroiled in controversies ,
with movie producers and legis- j
In a statement to the Senate
Finance Committee yesterday,
he said that if he were not re
appointed it would be because
he “had incurred the displeasure
of certain independent theater
Also in the list of executive
nominations, traditionally deliv- |
; ered to the Senate in a green
bag were recommendations for
i reappointment of State Police
I Supt. Elmer F. Munshower of
1 Frederick and Enos S. Stock
j bridge of Baltimore County, di
rector of the Department of Cor
Edward D. E. Rollins of Elk
ton, who was Gov. McKeldin’s
attorney-general until he was de
feated last November, was nomi
nated for a $6,000-a-year post
on the State Industrial Accident
The Governor's nominations
for 37 State jobs produced no.
hitherto unknown changes or re- 1
appointments except for failure
to send down that of the chair
man of employment security.
This highest paid, SIO,OOO, of
the appointments available to
the Governor this year, has been
offered to Senator Kimble, Re
publican, of Allegany. The vet
eran of 22 years in the Legisla
ture wanted until today to de
cide if he wants it.
A (Drought for ©oiiag
Lenten Reflections by Pedple You Know
By J. Edgar Hoover
Director of the Federal Bureau of Investgiafion
A verse from the Bible that is very meaningful to me is
Micah, vi.B. I find that I have used it a number of times
in addressing school and college groups. It seems to express
a philosophy of life that all can follow. It reads:
“. .. and what doth the Lord re
quire of thee, but to do justly, and to
love mercy, and to walk humbly with
These words have always been
close to my heart. They define, in
such simple terms, just what God
wants us to do.
All too often we tend to forget
God. We allow the hustle and bustle
of everyday life to push Him aside.
Micah is telling us that God loves
us and wants us to follow His ways.
Life is not to be judged by a
man’s material wealth, honor or
achievements. We must all be humble, just, and love mercy.
These words are a guide to everyday living. That’s why
so many thousands of men and women have found in them
comfort, strength and hope.
Tomorrow, Dr. Edward L. R. Elson.
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1955
Acts on School
Urged to Participate
In Nomination Talks
The Arlington County Council
of Parent-Teacher Associations
last night urged its member
groups to participate in the
forthcoming School Board Nom
It also gave the go-ahead to
participation in any other “con
; vention” that might be spon
sore dby the Arlington Inde
i pendent Movement or other
I groups, providing the rules “con
j form to PTA standards.”
i This is the latest development
I to a controversy touched off last
month by Dr. Robert Detwiler,
chairman of the Arlington Inde
pendent Movement, a coalition
. of Democrats and Republicans,
» which is expected to select
i School Board candidates to op
p pose those picked by the Nomi
i nating Convention.
"Device” Seen by Detwiler.
, Dr. Detwiler wrote local PTAs
; uring that they refrain from ac
tive participation in the conven
; tion “or a similar political de
A resolution approved by the
. council last night said the Na
! tional Congress of Parents and
Teachers authorizes local units
to participate in caucuses which
are representative of the whole
community, which do not bind
1 delegates to support particular
candidates or a political party,
and which seek to find the best
j candidates available.
| It was these standards that
I the council set as conditions for
local member participation.
| IAM usually nominates its
j candidates at political “break-
I fasts,” rather than by conven
The measure was approved
after talks by William G. Watt,
chairman of the Planning Coun
: cil, set up to organize the Nomi
nating Convention, and by Dr.
L. H. Blevins of A. I. M.
Preferential Poll Taken.
The council also took a pre
j ferential poll of items suggested
by Schools Supt. E. T. Rutter
I for Inclusion in next year’s
budget. The School Board will
| hold a hearing on the proposals
iat 8 o’clock tonight in Wash
ington-Lee High School.
Projects, in the order of their
preference, approve* by dele
gates to the council last night
Teacher salary increases; im
proved elementary textbooks;
free textbooks for all grades; re
modelling school buildings; kin
dergartens; library improve
ments; school bus replacement
and school ground improve
Postmaster on Trial
In Greenbelt Theft
By the Associated Press
BALTIMORE, Feb. 24.
Thomas R. Freeman. 61-year-old
postmaster at Greenbelt, went
on trial in Federal Court yester
day, charged with taking a pack
age containing a silver baby
spoon and food scraper from the
j Freeman, who has been in
charge of the small postoffice six
years, has denied the charge and
refused to resign.
Svend G. Ohrvall, postal in
spector and the Government’s
first witness, testified that the
items in question were in a test
package prepared by postal in
spectors and sent to Greenbelt as
a result of “confidential infor
I He said the wrappings had
been dusted with an invisible
powder, some of which later
! turned up on the hands of the
j Mr. Ohrvall said Freeman
denied taking the package for his
; own use but said he had found \
1 it unwrapped on the shelf and 1
decided to keep it until the wrap- :
ping was found or a claim was
I Freeman, the father of two
children and veteran of infantry
service in France in World War
I, is active in veterans affairs in
Greenbelt and has been a justice
of the peace 11 years.
i. Idnr Hoover.
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* —Star Btaff Photo by Paul Schmlck.
BLAZE FATAL TO FIREFIGHTER—Dense smoke shrouds firemen battling a five-alarm blaze at 709-711 D street N.W. early to
day. Fire Capt. George Flaherty was killed and 18 other firemen were injured or suffered smoke exhaustion.
Bill to Exempt Taxes
Os Maryland Farm
Credit Firms Planned
By a Star Staff Correspondent
ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 24.—A bill
to exempt farm credit corpora
tions from paying Maryland
taxes levied on personal loan
and industrial finance companies
will be introduced in the Mary
land legislature by its Prince
Georges County members.
That was decided last night at
a closed meeting of the six
Prince Georges House members
and Prince Georges Senator H.
Winship Wheatley, jr., all Demo
They said afterward, in an
nouncing they would introduce
the bill, that it was asked by
the Southern Maryland Produc
tion Credit Association of Upper
The bill would put such agri
cultural credit corporations In
the same category as ordinary
business corporations, and re
i quire that they pay the same
taxes, including the real estate
tax, personal property tax, State
and Federal income tax, Mary
land documentary stamp tax and
other excise taxes.
Adoption BUI Under Fire.
Meanwhile, the controversy
over the adoption bill continued
to boil as the Montgomery
County Medical Society urged
; that its county be brought under
i a provision to permit doctors,
I lawyers and clergymen to act
: as middlemen in placing adopted
Only Prince Georges and Har
ford counties would allow such
individual action in adoption
cases under the bill which has
passed the House and is now be
fore the Senate. In Baltimore
city and the other counties, chil
dren could be placed for adop
tion only by licensed agencies,
natural parents and grandpar- j
ents. The Prince Georges-Har- J
ford amendment, which the j
Mountgomery Medical Society:
would like to be broadened to j
include Montgomery, also would
allow uncles and aunts, as well |
as doctors, lawyers and clergy- i
men. to place a child for adop-!
At the same time, the Prince j
Georges delegation discussed
the adoption amendment with a
delegation from the County
League of Women Voters, which
visited the Legislature yesterday.
Mrs. Wood Sees “Evasion.”
Mrs. William Wood, former
league president, said the
amendment would allow an eva
sion of the county welfare de
partment in adoption matters
which would decrease the pro
tection that should be given to
The Prince Georges delega
tion. in another long and busy
day., also conferred with the
county library board, which
asked for a $200,000 bond issue
for a central library building.
The delegates took the request
Mother Hoped Capt Flaherty
Would Never Be a Fireman
sth Police Precinct
Until '47 Retirement
When George R. Flaherty came
downtown 24 years ago to take a
test on his fitness to be a fire
man, his mother told a friend
who was going along:
! “I hope you pass, but I hope
It worked the other way. The
friend failed and young George
Flaherty—whose father already
was on the way up as a District
Early today, Capt. Flaherty,
who had made the fire depart
ment his life, died of smoke ex
haustion while leading his men
in battling a stubborn five-alarm
blaze at 709 D street N.W.
Capt. Flaherty had lived all of
his 46 years in Washington.
His father is John Flaherty,
who retired eight years ago as
commander of the fifth precinct
after 40 years’ service with the
! Police Department.
Capt. Flaherty .attended St.
Peter’s Parochial School and
Gonzaga High School. At the
time he joined the Fire Depart
ment, he was taking courses at
the Knights of Columbus Law
His mother, Mrs. Blanche
Flaherty of 3319 Fifth street
1 3.E., said Capt. Flaherty was a
devoted family man and that
: his principal interest after that
was his job as a fireman.
He joined the department in
In April, two years ago, the
Friendship Fire Association, an
organization of fire buffs, hon
ored him as the first combina
tion Policeman-Fireman of the
■ Earlier in 1943, he and his
sngine company responded to a
| false alarm at Vermont avenue
and K street N.W. On the scene,
a Marine told the captain he
had seen a man sound the alarm.
Capt. Flaherty raced after the
auto described by the Marine,
who had meantime leaped aboard
the fire engine to assist. Near
Thomas circle N.W., the sus
pect stopped his car for a traffic
light, and Capt. Flaherty blocked
it off with his fire engine. The
man was arrested and forfeited
In 1949 he was cited under a
special act of Congress for a
rescue of three children from a
burning home at 313 O street
S.W. on March 6 of that year.
Entered Burning House.
He and Pvt. Henry W. Lange,
both then with No. 7 Engine Co.,
entered the burning second-floor
bedroom and found five colored
children huddling under a bed.
Capt. Flaherty gathered up thiee
of them and carried them out,
and Pvt. Lange carried the other
two to safety.
Capt. Flaherty and Pvt. Lange
GEORGE R. FLAHERTY.
received honorable mentions
under a gold medal award pro
gram set up by Congress for mer
itorious service by policemen and
Surviving in addition to his
parents are his wife. Florence;
a daughter, Mrs. James Mc-
Chesney, of 3311 Fourteenth
place S.E., a son, George R„ jr.,
of the home at 3315 Eleventh
place S.E.; a grandchild, and
two brothers, John, of 3326 M
street S.E., and Bernard, of 3319
Fifth street S.E.
Piggy Bank and SBO Stolen
From Alexandria Optimists
Alexandria police have been
alerted to watch for a robber
! believed to be in possession of
the Alexandria Optimist Club
piggy bank, a 12-inch, yellow
lacquered pig, containing SBO in
| Fred Johnson, the club’s ser
| geant-at-arms, yesterday told
! police the bank, which contained
silver coins collected as fines
from club members, was stolen
from the George Mason Hotel in
Mr. Johnson said the bank
usually is kept on a table in the
I hotel during club luncheons and
taken to the hotel safe the
Children to Give Play
The Children’s Theater of the
Arlington County Department
of Recreation and Parks will
present “Cinderella of Lower
land” at both 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Saturday at the Kate Waller
Barrett Elementary School, 4401
North Henderson road, Arling
Library Group to Meet
The Upper Chillum - Library
Association will meet at 8:15
o’clock tonight at the Lewisdale
Elementary School, Twenty- j
fourth street and Banning place.
Lewisdale, Md. The group will
discuss ways to raise money for;
a library in the Upper Chillum
Fire Captain Killed,
18 Injured Battling
D Street Blaze
they had the upper hand, flames
belched anew from the rear* of
the shoe repair store and addi
tional hose lines were pulled to
the new danger point.
Under Control at 2:30.
It-was under control about 30
minutes later—at 2:30 a.m.
“It was tough as hell,” said
Fire Chief Millard Sutton, a
veteran of many of them.
The Metropolitan Police dis
patcher, from a vantage point
on the fourth floor of the Mu
nicipal Center, was virtually
looking down into the blaze.
Because of the intense smoke
and small show of fire itself, one
dispatcher called it “the laziest
fire I ever saw.”
Deputy Police Chief William
Cunningham, at the height of
the blaze, ordered patrol wagons
from four precincts to bring their
stretchers for use in event more
(Continued From First Page.)
firemen were felled than am
bulances could handle.
All scout cars were told to
pick up as many foot patrolmen
as they could and bring them
to the fire area. More than 40
were handling the crowd and
traffic attracted to the scene.
At one point, as glass began
popping out of the buildings, all
persons except firemen were or
dered from the blocked street.
Three aerial ladders were up on
the D street side: two more on
the Seventh street side.
3 Doctors on Scene.
Three doctors, including Dep
uty Coroner Richard M. Rosen
berg, were on the scene as were
members of the Friendship Fire
i Association with traditional cof
Fire Marshal Ray Roberts said
today a preliminary examination
indicated the fire may have
j started in the L-shaped base
ment which runs under both
damaged buildings, but he of
fered no theory as to the cause.
Firemen admitted to Emer
gency Hospital for treatment of
smoke inhalation were:
Lt. Harry Winters, 45, 4036
Second street S.W., of Truck Co.
1; R. O. Bowsher, 42. 3038 M
street S.E., of Engine Co. 6, and
Leo Raulerson, 33, 34 Duvall
street S.E., of Engine Co. 3.
They were reported in good con
Among those treated for
smoke inhalation or injuries
Pvt. Harry Gates, 28, 1334
East Capitol street, of Rescue
Squad 1, inhalation.
Pvt. H. E. Krug, 28. 1616 Mon
roe street N.E., of Rescue Squad
J, A. Bladen, of 1329 Thirty
second street S.E., of Engine Co.
Lt. C. J. Short, 45, of 2705 ,
Thirteenth street N.E., of Engine
Co.‘4, cut left hand.
Charles M. Chamberlain, 42
6709 Annan drive, Fairway Hills,
Md.. aide to Deputy Chief Carl
Poole, sprained ankle.
Detention Home •
Council Moves Step
Closer to Building
Alexandria City Council last
night pledged the city’s share
of construction funds for a re
gional juvenile detention home
iff Northern Virginia.
The city’s share, $34,748. will
be included in the budget for
the coming fiscal year. Earlier
Arlington County had pledged
$68,595, Fairfax County, $62,-
577, and Falls Church, $4,080,
toward the $170,0Q0 project
which is to be located in Fair
fax County. The way has also
been cleared toward creation of
an authority by the four juris
dictions to operate the home.
Move for City Gym.
The council (also moved a step
closer toward achievement of a
ing a municipal gymnasium-au
City Manager Ira Willard was
directed to report at the March
22 meeting of the Council on a
plan of financing the project
which it is estimated will cost
$750,000. A fund of $250,000 pro
vided in a bond issue in 1948, is
A citizens committee which
studied the proposal recommend
ed that the gymnasium be de
signed to seat 4,000 persons. The
report submitted by R. H. Bogle
and Nicholas Colasanto suggest
ed three alternate means of rais
ing $500,000 dollars needed for
The alternates include issu
ance of bonds, borrowing of funds
from local banks on short term
notes or provision of funds in the
next fiscal budget.
School Lights Planned.
The Council voted to appro
priate $2,279 for installation of
traffic lights at Duke street and
Quaker lane to slow traffic near
the Stonewall Jackson School.
In other Council action, a Com
mission on Historical Records was
j approved on a recommendation
I of the Alexandria Association, a
| citizens group.
Mrs. Arnold, Widow
01 Bus Owner, Wed
Mrs. Antoinette M. Arnold, 45,
wealthy widow of the former
president of the Washington,
Virginia & Maryland Coach Co.,
was married yesterday to W.
George Faraco. 48, of Hunting
Towers, Alexandria, and Oyster
Bay. N. Y.
The brief ceremony took place
in Washington before Municipal
Court Judge George D. Neilson
in the judge’s chambers.
The marriage license was ap
plied for last Friday and picked
up yeu,erday morning, just be
fore the wedding. It listed the
marriage for Mrs. Arnold as her
third and the fifth for Mr.
Faraco. No occupation W’as list
ed for the bridegroom.
| Mrs. Arnold’s first marriage
i ended in a Reno divorce, ac
j cording to the application. Her
; second husband, Joseph H.
Arnold, whom she married in
i 1933, died in December, 1953, at
! the age of 50. He headed the bus
line, serving the nearby Virginia
areas, often referred to as the
| Arnold lines. The license ap
j plication said all of Mr. Faraco’s
previous marriages ended in
j Mrs. Arnold has been living
;in the palatial Arnold home.
Walnut Hill, near Falls Church.
Wakefield High School
Sets Up Job Agency
A Student Advisory Commit
tee on Employment has been
established at Wakefield High
School, Arlington, to procure
permanent, part-time and sum
mer jobs for the students of the
Officers elected for the club
include Chuckie Haas, chair
man; Martha Ray field, secre
tary, and Harold Bookbinder,
! A citizens’ committe appoint
jed by the Fairfax Board of
County Supervisors to study
juvenile delinquency problems
in the county will launch a series
of hearings at 10 a.m. tomorrow
in the county courthouse.
Joseph H. Freehill, committee
chairman, said the purpose of
j the hearings is to study the pre
ventive services available in
Fairfax County to combat juve
nile delinquency and to evaluate
A long list of State and county
officials connected with law en
forcement, schools, welfare work
and other agencies dealing with
juveniles have been invited to
i appear at the hearings. Repre
sentatives of various civic groups
also are scheduled to testify. Mr.
Freehill said other individuals or
organizations interested in ap
pearing before the committee
should notify him.
Serving with Mr. Freehill on
the committee are Mrs. Bernard
A. Goodkind, Mrs. Charles Pick
ett. the Rev. Raymond W. Davis,
Harry L. Carrico and Mrs. Ollie
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