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THE SUNDAY STAR Washington D C SUNDAY. FEBRUARY 27. 1955 20 to 30 Cent Tax Rise Likely In Montgomery Reese and Council Plan Initial Round Os Budget Sessions By Charles L. Hoffman Property owners in Mont gomery County are facing a pos able 20 to 30 cent increase in the present $1.98 per SIOO combined State and county tax rate. It could go even higher. That is the prospect as new County Manager M. L. Reese and the new all Democratic County Council prepare for the first round of budget sessions. The rate w’ill be set in June. Some county officials privately say that even the 30-cent fore cast might be exceeded unless the manager and the council adopt a Arm stand in handling school and departmental re quests. No Surplus Available. This year the council will have no assessment windfall or big surplus to hold down the tax rate, officials say. Last June the council, on the eve of the primary elections, dipped into a $1.6 million surplus to take $465,000 for operating expenses. The result was a six cent tax increase instead of the 13-cent raise the budget called for without the surplus. Some $605,000 was left in sur plus as an emergency fund. Offi cials doubt that the surplus will be increased substantially this year because of close revenue estimates. Estimates are that the assess able base will jump only about $45 million to a. total of $755 million by June 30. That means for every $75,500 present budget expenditures are increased, the council must raise the tax rate one cent. New reve nue will amount to about $850*,- 000. Bond Payments to Rise. Payments on the county’s bonded indebtedness next year will go up some $250,000 requir ing an additional 3.5 cents on the tax rate. The State real estate property tax rate will be doubled, adding another 5.5 cents to the combined tax rate. The biggest headache will be In the school budget. The recent proposal of School Superintendent Forbes H. Norris for an operating budget of $14.2 million compared with this year’s $11.6 million shocked even the most pessimistic of fiscal officials Dr. Norris said his proposal would call for the county to put up $10.6 million, $1.4 million more than the county is spending this year. Despite an additional $1 mil lion in State aid, Dr. Norris said the school tax rate would be $1.43 or a 20-cent increase over the present rate. While pupil enrollment is ex pected to go up 12 per cent Dr. Norris’ requests for various func tions were 19 to 26 per cent higher. Cost of New Teachers. Tire taxpayer will be hardest hit by his proposals for a $2 million increase in instructional services to provide for 220 new teachers, 28 specialists, 10 addi tional supervisors and 18 teach ers for handicapped children— and raises for all teachers. New teachers would enter the county service at an average $3,800 a year. Other departments are ex pected to ask for increases. About SIOO,OOO will be needed to meet normal pay increments of the county’s 738 classified employes. The final blow as far as fiscal officials are concerned would be the success of liquor distillers in their effort to boycott the coun ty’s liquor dispensary system. If the boycott continues, offi cials say the county will lose some $450,000 in dispensary profits which would have to be covered by a seven-cent tax rate increase. Pressure also is being exerted in the State Legislature to re quire the county to levy a five cent tax to support its library system before it would be elegible for State aid. That would mean another 1.5-cent increase, offi cials glumly reporj. Mt. Rainier Scouts Boy Scouts and Explorer Scouts of Mount Rainier, Md., will hold an anniversary celebration at 2 p.m. today in the Mount Rainier Christian Church. Local govern ment officials and Scout execu tives will join in the candle-light ing ceremony. Three Vans Bringing Tropical Flora and Fauna to Show Here Fishtails, cabbages, coconuts, bananas orchids and maybe a few monkeys, macaws and para keets are due to arrive here in three large heated vans in the next few days. The fishtails, cabbages and Annual Flower Show's first trop ical garden display in the Na tional Guard Armory. The show opens March 10. The flrstails, cabbages and coconuts are varieties of palm trees which, according to Boris Timchenko, landscape architect for the show, need warmth to stay alive. The vans making the 1,000- mile trip from Florida to Wash ington must be heated to at least 50-to-60 degree tempera tures. The same temperatures will have to prevail in the Arm ory as well, Mr. Timchenko said. ■I ' i Star Staff Photo by Francis Routt. ROUTE 240 EDGES TOWARD WASHINGTON—This aerial view, taken northwest of Rockville, shows the traffic pattern which will be formed when the latest link of new Route 240 is completed south of Rockville. At this point, Route 240, which will link the District with Frederick, Md., crosses Route 28. At right 240 heads toward the District. Alert Montgomery Resident Finds 'Lost' Fund for Schools Hyde Pushes Move To Regain Million In Federal Aid Efforts of Representative Hyde. Republican, of Maryland, and; the alertness of a Montgomery | County civic leader may boost the county’s school construction funds $1 million. Mr. Hyde announced yester day he had introduced legisla tion in the House to restore Fed eral funds lost to the county in ! a switch in plans by the Depart ment of Health, Education and Welfare. Mr. Hyde's action was prompted by a letter from Ciarke L. Fauver, president of the Allied ] Civic Group of Silver Spring ask ing him to study the situation. 1 The civic group leader was reading the Congressional Record of February 8 when he noticed a report that 27 school districts in 14 States had lost $5,945,109 in the department’s change of plans, j Montgomery, the Record showed, originally was eligible for $3,195,390 in Federal aid funds for so-called "Federally impacted” areas, but got only j $2,022,000 because of the switch. The original eligibility was based on classroom shortages as of November 24. 1953. The Fed eral agency changed its plans, however, and set a new date of June 30, 1954. During the 7-month period. Montgomery put a number of school projects under contract j and these were included in the new count that established its ; classroom shortage as less than originally determined. Mr Hyde’s statement referred to the loss as the result of "an overcautious ruling” of the agency and said that Montgom ery was being penalized for dis- | playing "notable initiative and ; excellent foresight in new school ! construction planning.” "Under the agency's ruling,” }.he Allied Civic group spokes- 5 man said, “a school board which sat on its hands and did nothing ; was better off than Montgomery which has tried to meet its own problems." The civic leader added that even if the funds are not re stored to Montgomery, he hopes the law will be clarified so that inaction is not rewarded in the future. The civic group is expected to vote support of Mr. Hyde's meas ure at its meeting tomorrow night. Grolloes Man Killed When Car Hits Tree Special Dispatch to The Star GROTTOES, Va., Feb. 26. Leonard E. Via, 30, of Grottoes, was killed this afternoon when his car went out of control and left Route 340 about one half mile north of here. State police said his car struck a tree. No other vehicle was in volved and Mr. Via was the only occupant of his car. Fairfax Rotarians Plan Anniversary Program The Fairfax (Va.) Rotary Club plans to entertain about 200 guests from other service clubs and organizations at 8 p.m. to morrow in the cafeteria of Fair fax High School as part of its 50th golden anniversary cele bration of Rotary International. President Ted McCord will welcome the guests. A movie, "The Great Adventure," depict ing the work of the organization throughout the world and star ring Edward Arnold, will be shown. ; a' * bp * —Star Staff Photo. CLARKE L. FAUVER. Young Republicans Os Virginia Support School Integration By the Associated Pre»» RICHMOND, Feb. 26. Vir j ginia’s Young Republican Feder- j i ation today threw Its support [ behind the Supreme Court deci- \ sion outlawing school segrega- j : tion, but stopped short of a condemnation of Gov. Stanley j for trying to get around the j ruling. A resolution backing the high! I court was approved unanimously by 100 convention delegates after j 1 a committee had watered down a stronger version of the motion. In other activity, the young Republicans enthusiastically in dorsed the Eisenhower adminis | tration. It voiced the hope that | Ted Dalton would make a second l try for the governorship in 1957. Other resolutions indorsed the Dixon-Yates power contract, pro- I posals for abolishing the poll 1 tax, permitting 18-year-olds to vote and reserving all federal ! and state gasoline tax funds for highway construction and maintenance. / State Going Republican. The 100-odd delegates from all sections of Virginia heard Rep resentative Scott, Republican, of Pennsylvania declare in a lunch eon address the G. O. P. “has the chance of a lifetime” to make political gains in the State. Mr. Scott was applauded loud- I ly when he expressed the belief ! ; the Old Dominion is swinging ; into the Republican column. | But the former chairman of j the Republican National Com-! i mittee warned the party must j | offer and support candidates' with “new ideas.” The convention, holding to po litical protocol, took no formal action in urging Mr. Dalton to run again for Governor. But Young Republican leaders made it clear they would like to see j the Radford attorney head the G. O. P.'s State ticket again In 1957. Van Houten President. | Mr. Dalton, who is also a State Senator, rolled up the highest vote total ever garnered by a Republican in a State-wide election in 1953. E. B. Van Houten of Richmond was unanimously elected presi dent to succeed Sam Snow. J. D. Schroeder of Arlington was named Young Republican na- j tional committeeman. Miss Betty j Henritze of Roanoke was elected ] national committeewoman. Other officers included Mr. Snow, Mrs. Evelyn B. Elliott of Norfolk and William Konold, Falls Church, vice presidents; Miss Hathaway Pollard, Rich mond, secretary, and Miss Louise ; Gallion, Roanoke, treasurer. A McKeldin Proposes Achievement Theme For Youth Programs Gov. McKeldin of Maryland told some 300 recreation-minded constituents yesterday to think about providing more construc tive leisure-hour activities for young people who find them selves without enough to do, now that farm and home chores have been minimized bf modern in ventions. The Governor, who spoke at the fourth annual conference on recreation at the University of Maryland, said: "Today’s chil dren, overburdened with leisure, must learn something in their spare time besides the mere arts !of pleasure.” He added that “merely being entertained is not I the best recreation for anyone— ! the greatest satisfaction and greatest hope comes from per sonal accomplishment.” Teen centers with facilities for shopwork, debating groups and orchestras were suggested by the Governor as examples of activi- ! ties that might be developed to keep young people entertained while they do something worth while. “Why must music and dancing be the only—or the main—teen | center activity?" the Governor asked. Governor McKeldin and the Maryland Recreation Society co sponsored the conference, which was held in the Student Union Building. Theme of the day long meeting was “The Challenge of Leisure.” The recreation workers di vided into discussion groups to exchange ideas and catch up on new developments in recreation planning. ■ ' psf m mm ■! "^1 | p ' 4«H| II JHH IjF -<v. ■’ —Star Staff Photo. ANOTHER SERVING OF FRIED CHICKEN—A luncheon platter at the 82nd Annual Farmer's Convention is offered by Miss Joyce Riggs to E. Brooke Lee (center), long-time Montgomery County Democratic leader, who spoke at the day-long gathering yesterday, and J. E. Mun caster, Jr., convention president. Miss Riggs later Illustrated a talk on Belgian farmlands. i * 'World's Fastest Secretary' Is Typing Teacher at Bolling Arlington Woman j Is Winner of Many International Awards Mrs. Lenore MacClain, of 2646 | Scott drive, Arlington, who won the title of “the world’s fastest secretary” by typing 108 words j a minute at the New York Worlds Fair in 1939, now is a typing in- j structor at Bolling Air Force ! Base. A graduate of the University of Washington, Mrs. MacClain also has won 11 International j Commercial Schools contest awards, set eight world records in typewriting and dictating ma | chine transcription, and won the Stowell trophy for the fastest dictating machine transcription. j She has also trained students ' who have won 41 places in inter national contests. In 1943, Mrs. MacClain was ; selected as the sole performer i for six films made by the Navy for upgrading military and ci vilian typists. Co-author of “Typewriting Techniques and Short Cuts,” ! Mrs. MacClain is a former dem onstration teacher in the Dis | trict public schools. Pakistan Dance Exhibit Miss Nina Khaliq, daughter of the Pakistan Embassy cultural attache, will demonstrate the dances of her country for the international friendship program of Mount Rainier (Md.) Girl Scout Troop No. 6, at 8 p.m. to morrow at St. James Church Auditorium. 3615 Rhode Island avenue. Mount Rainier. jHr|| | MRS, LENORE MacCLAIN. Safety Talks Montgomery Program Listed by Mansfield Inspector Dick Mor.sfield, director of The Star's School Safety Program, will give his safety chalk talks at the following Montgomery County schools this week: Tomorrow—St. Mory's, 9:30 am.; West Rockville, 10:30 a.m. Tuesday— Montrose, 9:30 a.m.; Garrett Park, 10:30 a.m. Wednesday Washington Grove, 9:30 a.m.; St. Martin's, 10:30 a.m. Thursday—Kensington Elementary, 9:30 a.m.; Parkwood 10:30 a.m. Friday—Lynbrook, 9:30 a.m.; Be thesda, 10:30 a.m. FarmersM r Assessments Based on Yield 160 at Sandy Spring Hear Brooke Lee Rap New Zoning Rule Tax assessments on farmlands should be based on productivity and annual yield, the 82d Annual Farmers’ Convention of Sandy Spring, Md., voted yesterday. Some 160 club members unani mously adopted resolutions urg ing changes in the method of land assessment and a continua tion of "reasonable” zoning in the upper Montgomery County agricultural area. The meeting was in Sherwood High School, , Sandy Spring. “It will become impossible to continue commercial farming on a competitive basis in this county ... without such a change in the assessment methods, the resolu tion stated. Convention members said the land productivity method of evaluation is indorsed by the j Maryland Farm Bureau and the Maryland State Grange. It is the assessment system used for evaluation of gasoline service stations and apartment dwell ings. Hit by Democratic Leader. E. Brooke Lee, county Demo cratic leader who spoke for the Montgomery County Farm Bu reau and the Upper Montgomery County Land Owners’ Associa- i tion, attacked the “burdensome and expensive” regulations in the new upper county two-year zon ing ordinance. The ordinance is scheduled to become effective May 2, but County Council members, con fronted by sharp criticism of the new zoning and subdivision regu j lations, have asked planners to submit drafts of ordinance amendments. The farmers’ resolution was in favor of minimum half-acre lots. The pending ordinance calls for a minimum lot size of 10 acres tin agricultural zones and three acres in county home zones. Politics, taxes, crops and social security were topics discussed yesterday. Big Luncheon Served. The annual Montgomery County gathering of farmers and guests were served a fried chicken and potato salad lunch eon In the school cafeteria. Mem bers of four county farmers’ clubs —the oldest of which was organized in 1844—sponsored the convention. Guests at the convention in cluded Senator Beall, Republi can, of Maryland, Montgomery County Manager M. L. Reese; Delbert T Foster, the new County- Agent and Dr. S. H. Duvall, retir ing head of the Department of Economics and Marketing at the University of Maryland. Speakers included Leon D. Platky, field representative of the Social Security Administra- ! j tion, who spoke on new social j ; security provisions for farmers, j ; and Don Paarlberg, assistant to the Secretary of Agriculture, who spoke on Government surplus 'crop programs. The convention and luncheon is supported by the Senior Farmers’ Club of Sandy Spring, j the oldest of the organizations, and the Enterprise, Montgom ery and Upper Montgomery ■ I Farmers’ Clubs. ! Among those who served the j luncheon's 45 chickens, one i bushel of potato salad, one bu shel o? tossed salad, 30 apple pies and 25 gallons of coffee, were two former baseball stars who are club members. One was John N. (Jack) Bentley, 59, a convention vice : president, who pitched for the • New York Giants in the long remembered 1924 World Series, the only series ever won by Washington. The other was 65- year-old Sam Rice, right fielder for the Washington club during the same series. A feature of the afternoon program was a camera-slide ; tour of Belgian farms presented by Miss Joyce Riggs. 21, a Gaithersburg 4-H Club member who is a senior at the Univer sity of Maryland. Miss Riggs was one of three American farm youths who lived in Belgium for four months last summer under the auspices of the International Farm Youth Exchange Program. Girl and Two Sailors Hurt In Head-On Auto Collision A girl and two sailors were in jured early yesterday in a head on collision on Route 5 about 1.5 miles south of Leonardtown, Md., Maryland State police re ported. Suffering from a fractured skull and bad cuts at St. Marys Hospital was Judy Avell, 18, of Clements, St. Marys County, po lice said. The girl was a passenger in a car headed north which was driven by Lewis Ralph Clary 24, stationed at the Patuxent Naval Air Station. He was taken to the base hospital with face cuts and head injuries. Police said Kenenth D. Keen, 21, an aviation machinist’s mate 3/c, also of the Patuxent base, was driving the other car. He was taken to Bethesda Naval ! Hospital with a broken arm. Jail Broadcast Nets SB3O for Heart Fund An all-day broadcast from the Silver Spring jail has added $830.25 to the current Montgom- j ery County Heart Fund drive. The broadcast was conducted Friday by Chuck Dulane, WGAY disc jockey. He was jailed for "Heart Bail,” and the idea was to raise enough contributions to free him. The money raised ; through the broadcast brings the total raised in the Montgom- i ery County Heart Fund so far to $10,003.25. 11 Building Loan Monopoly Seen In Maryland Bill D. C. League Charges Nearby Associations Can't Meet Growth By Donald 6. Hadley The rapidly growing savings and loan business in Man.and suburbs on the District line will |be put into a “monopolistic straight jacket" and severely re tarded if a bill to limit branches of District associations is ap proved by the Maryland Legis lature. This was predicted last night .by officials of the District Build j ing and Loan League, who charged that the few relatively small nearby associations spon soring the measure were “in no position to keep step with the sensational growth of population and available savings in their | sections.” j They also emphasized that with many of their association members moving into the sub urbs they felt it only fair to be permitted to extended facilities for their convenience. They pointed out that the largest association in the Maryland group has had the privilege of operating a downtown Washing ton branch for the convenience of its customers for many years. They referred to the Hyatts | ville Building Association, with around $32 million of assets and a downtown office at 711 Four teenth street N.W. Cites Reciprocity Laws. President Raymond C. Wil liams of the District league said that under reciprocity laws enacted in 1939 for both Mary land and the District, savings and loan institutions have been permitted to cross the boundary lines of the two jurisdictions without interference. Four branches of three District as sociations are operating in Mary land and a branch has been ap proved for a fifth District asso ciation. “Purpose of the Maryland bill js to create a monopoly on sav ings in the hands of a fev*nearby insured and uninsured Maryland associations by revoking existing legislation,” said Mr. Williams. T. Hammond Welsh, jr„ of the Hyattsville association, who is a director of the Intercounty League of Savings and Loan As sociation sponsoring the Mary land legislation said members of that group feared that unless some sort of control is set up, Maryland associations will be en dangered by a continued invasion of District associations. 13 Groups in League. The Intercounty League has 13 member associations, all in j Montgomery and Prince Georges : Counties, except for two in Anne ! Arundel, he said. In addition to this group, both ! state-wide Maryland savings and I loan leagues are backing the legislation, which would not af fect present branches of District associations, but would prohibit the establishment of any more, he said. ,s Mr. Welsh said associations chartered in the District of Co lumbia ean establish new branches without the approval of * any regulatory body, although | Federally-chartered District as | sociations must gain the ap proval of the Home Loan Bank Board after a hearing. Since. 1946, he said, all Mary land associations that are in sured and members of the Home Loan Bank System have been re quired to sign an agreement not | to start any new branches with approval of the HLBB. Sees Disadvantage. He said this provision put the Maryland associations at a dis advantage in relation to the Dis trict-c hartered institutions. However, he said he knew of no case of a Maryland association applying for a branch and being rejected by the HLBB. He disclosed the Hyattsville association filed application for an additional branch in the Suitland section about 3 or 4 months ago and added he has sumed it would go through reg ular channels. He declined to express any opinion as to whether it would be approved or rejected. Emphasizing that the nearby suburbs need the mortgage financing available from the Dis trict associations, Mr. Williams pointed out that the assets of District associations exceeded $675 million while assets of 11 Montgomery and Prince Georges associations backing the bill amounted to around S6O million. Bill Reported Favorably. At an Annapolis hearing Fri day, after which the bill was re ported favorably to the House of Delegates by the committee, Mr. Williams said District league officials proposed legislation that would provide for restriction of new branches in Maryland on the basis of proved community needs. "The District league opposes bitterly the principal of utiliz ing the State Legislature as a means of stifling free enterprise and prohibiting of free and fair competition in our business. “We believe the suburban Maryland residents, thousands of whom have moved from the Dis trict and are members of our in stitutions, have the right to a free choice as to where they conduct their personal business,” he declared. Planning to Be Topic The Inter-Community Coun -1 cil of Southern Maryland will discuss park and planning and sanitary Inspection at a meeting at 8 p.m. tomorrow In the Bells Methodist Church, Camp Springs, Md. Other groups in vited to attend are the Citizens’ League of Southern Prince Georges County and the Civic Federation of Prince Georges County.