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Congress Pay Raise
Makes Tax Cut Hard To Beat, Says Byrd (Continued From First Page.) economy might stand it. but It isn’t wise to put it to a test now.” Senator Kerr intimated that Senate Democrats, who outnum ber Republicans 49-47, may try to make a party issue out of the S2O reduction which was con demned by President Eisenhower as "reaching some kind of heights of fiscal irresponsibility.” Senator Clements of Kentucky, the acting Democratic leader, said he was "not in a position to say” whether any such at tempt would be made. Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, the Democratic leader, suffered a minor setback from a recent kidney operation and is leaving today for a checkup at the Mayo Clinic. Thus he will not be able to attend a meeting of the Senate Finance Committee, which will take up the tax legislation to morrow. He could be represented by proxy if he were unable to attend. Williams Sees Rejection. Senator Williams, Republican of Delaware, said he was confi dent the committee would reject the S2O proposal. He said he thought the committee’s seven Republicans among the 15 mem bers would “go down the line” with Senator Byrd. Senator Millikin, Republican of Colorado, predicted "a strong vote” against the proposal within the committee, but he wouldn't guess whether all Republicans would stand hitched. Senator Malone, Republican, of Nevada, a member, declined to say how he intends to vote. Senator Byrd said the com mittee will call Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey as its only witness. Mr. Humphrey has op posed the S2O reduction vigor ously. Senator Byrd said he hopes the committee can act tomorrow and Senator George said he saw no reason why it shouldn't. That would make the bill available for Senate action later in the week. Fairlawn (Continued From First Page.) project is Isadore Frank, a New York securities broker whose one and only venture into mass hous ing was the Laurel subdivision. In March. 1951. he formed the Fairlawn Development Corp., and purchased most of a subdi vision owned at that time by the Green-Hill Corp., of Hyattsville. In November, 1951, the Fair lawn Development Co. was au thorized by the FHA to build houses under Section 903 of the Defense Housing Act enacted as a result of the Korean War and designed to spur building in the neighborhood of such defense centers as Fort Meade. Section 903. Mr Barringer ex- , plained, permitted the granting ' of insured loans - t&Sf! wilder, up to 90 percent? or ap- * praised value. The section no longer is in effect. At that time, said Mr. Barrin ger, the FHA loans were ap proved on the assumption there would be no assessments for streets, curbs, sidewalks or water or sewerage lines. However trouble was brewing. In 1950. at a special one-day ses sion of the General Assembly, the 187-acre tract embracing Fair lawn was annexed to the city of Laurel and the city was author ized to float $400,000 in bonds for improvements at Fairlawn. In 1951. the bonding power was boosted to $700,000. Mr. Frank, in his role as se curities broker, arranged the sale of the bonds. The city hired Whitman, Re quardt & Associates, Baltimore engineers, to design the plan of improvements. The project lunged ahead. In February, 1953, it hit a snag in Annapolis. The city sought legislation to boost the bonding authoriza tion to SBOO,OOO, so the improve ments could be completed at Fairlawn, Edward C. Bell, jr„ then Laurel’s city solicitor, urged the bonds be changed from special assessment to general obligation bonds. He maintained the bonds would be self-liquidating and would not hurt the tow : n’s credit rating. Kent R. Mullikin. former floor leader of the House of Dele gates and spokesmen for resi dents of the “old section of Laurel, argued the change would "bust the credit of the town” and might make the whole-town responsible for paying the in debtedness if the bonds fell into default. The legislators accepted Mr. Mulhkin’s views, pinpointed the responsibility for payment of the SBOO,OOO on the subdivision by way of special assessments, and limited the bond issues to 20 years. With this, the improvements were completed and the $300,- 000 in bonds were sold. Mr. Frank said the first $500,- 000 worth of bonds sold at an interest rate of 3.9 per cent. The last $300,000 were sold at a 5.5 per cent rate. "They were high-risk bonds because there was no municipal credit behind them,” says Mr, Frank. A lower interest rate could have been obtained if the city had pledged its credit and this would have permitted lower carrying charges for the home owners, he said. Mr. Frank said his group "lost heavily" on the Fairlawn project, and added: "It looked good in the beginning, but there were too many things over which we had no control.” Completed Project. Last year, the development Arm, he said, completed the proj ect so as to fulfill commitments to the FHA and "because we didn’t want to leave a ghost town.” His Interests were ended when the project was turned over to »« i | j j gjt « .ill ! !•>*'; 9” | 5 I y ; pvst I. * r y ! in j i i ♦ w r ;——i—! —— van buren st. mUI ♦ ! Ufy O \ ; i- / SHERIDAN ST J| y n '"'L / KENNEDY ST free FRINGE /Pr* !, / j GALLATIN ST PARKING --4 * f” K I- 4 1 jr \ « £ £ > J? jSJ L—f DECATUR ST v H l\ j <1 Jp I I\l ® O* Y o C° fcl \w ( IOWA AVE * £ fO j MASS— .J* • ~~ Ave. J K ** ST EYE S . ST H 5 ST 1 G * ST F -•* ST PENN 6 —" AVE 1 * bus stops l NEW FRINGE PARKING LOT—Map shows location of the District's newest fringe parking lot which opens tomorrow at the Carter Barron Amphitheater in Rock Creek Park. Also shown is the route over which Capital Transit will run special express bus service and points where buses will load and dis charge on Thirteenth street N.W. *> i Second Fringe Lot To Open Tomorrow Near Amphitheater The District will open its second free fringe parking lot 1 tomorrow as part of a campaign to ease traffic congestion in downtown Washington. The lot, located in Rock Creek Park at Sixteenth street and Colorado avenue N.W., is that of the Carter Barron Amphitheater. It has a capacity of 740 auto ; mobiles. Operated by the District's Motor Vehicle Parking Agency, the lot—open from 6:45 a.m. to 7 p.m. on week days—will enable office-bound motorists to park free all day long and complete their trip downtown on Capital Transit buses. During rush hours, the bus company will provide 14 express trips along Thirteenth street be tween the lot and its terminal at Thirteenth street and Pennsyl ; vanjfr avenue N.W. 1 the company's S-2 : j busline runs past the parking lot regularly along Sixteenth street. On weekday mornings. CTC buses will run southbound from the lot at 7:20 a.m.: 7:35 a.m.; 7:49 a.m.; 8:05 a.m.; 8:21 a.m., and 8:53 a.m. A heated shelter has been provide!} by the park ing agency where patrons may wait for buses under cover. In the evenings, CTC buses will run north to the lot. leav ing the terminal at Pennsyl vania avenue and Thirteenth street N.W. at 4:30 p.m.; 4:45 p.m.; 5 p.m.: 5:16 p.m.; 5:32 p.m.; 5:49 p.m., and 6:05 p.m. The express buses will make no loading stops between the lot and Massachusetts avenue at Thirteenth street N.W. They will stop at regular loading and discharge points south of Massa chusetts. j Physicist Refuses To Talk at University By th# Associat*d Pren SEATTLE, Feb. 26.—A physi cist who helped develop the atom bomb has refused to appear as ; a guest lecturer at the University of Washington because of the "Oppenheimer incident.” a pro ; fessor here disclosed yesterday. Isaac Halpern said the rejec tion came in a letter from Dr. 1 , Victor Weisskopf, professor of physics at the Massachusetts In stitute of Technology. Mr. Hal pern is assistant professor of ; physics at the University of Washington. ; Dr. Weisskopf, who was a guest ; lecturer at the university in 1953, ; said no "self-respecting” physi -1 cist should come to the Univer -1 sity of Washington after the ban against Dr. J. Robert Oppen ■ heimer. 1 Dr. Henry Schmitz, univer -1 sity president, last week vetoed ' a recommendation by the Phy -1 sics Department that Dr. Oppen -1 heimer be invited here for a week of lectures this spring. ; The educator based his decision on Dr. Oppenheimer's "govern mental relationships.” Dr. Oppenheimer’s security 1 clearance was withdrawn by the 1 Atomic Energy Commission sev -1 eral months ago because of associations with persons of 1 "doubtful loyalty.” ; Nixon in Virgin Islands CHARLOTTE AMALIE, Vir gin Islands, Feb. 26 ijP>—Vice President Richard M. Nixon ar rived here today from Panama on his Caribbean tour, he was ■! welcomed to these island pos - sessions of the United States 1 by Gov. Archie Alexander. The ! party goes to Peurto Rico to -1 morrow. the Fairlawn Management Corp., , a firm created to satisfy creditors. i Mr. Frank maintains "there’s ; nobody to blame” for the trouble, t He said he was inexperienced in the building field and the city i was coping with a large-scale i development for the first time. 4 | Hit and Carried 108 Feet By Car, Boy, 12, Escapes A 12-year-old bicycle rider narrowly escaped serious injury yesterday when he was struck by a car and carried 108 feet on the front of the automobile before falling off. Prince Georges County police reported. John Petterson. son of Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Wall, of 4018 Alabama avenue S.E., suffered only cuts on his hands and knees in the accident on Route 5. one quarter mile north of St. Barnabas road. His condition was reported good at Casualty Hospital. Prince Georges County Police Pvt. Frank Thompson said the Petterson boy was struck by a car driven by Mrs. Katherine Schaeffer, 55, of 5326 Henderson road, Camp Springs. She was charged with reckless driving. Pvt. Thompson said the boy was going north with two other youths, also on bikes, in a south bound traffic lane, when struck. : l. A hearing on the charge was IPPfor March 21 in Upper Marl boro Police Court. Colt Sent to Malone SANTIAGO, Chile, Feb. 26 UPt. ; —Chilean President Carlos Ibanez today sent a thorough- j bred colt as a gift to United States Senator Malone. Repub lican, of Nevada, who was a i member of the Milton Eisenhower mission that visited Chile and other Latin American countries last year. t, II German Army Recruiters Meet Cynical Resistance in Youth (Continued From First Page.) the ordinary sense of the word. This almost complete absence of a sense of citizenship—far more than “softness” or sym pathy to communism—lies at the heart of the trouble. And among the youth of Germany today, it seems almost universal. A good deal can be explained by their wartime experience, particularly in the violently anti militarist age group from 25 to 30. These men, who remem ber very vividly what war is like, respond badly to the suggestion that they should be ready to fight to defend their homes. When they were young, few of them had homes. They lived in caves, in shattered buildings, or in crowded bomb-shelters. If they were lucky enough to have families, this fact offered them j little security. Often a child, dealing in cigarettes and soap on the black market, could m?. 2 more than his father working in the factory. Fought to Exist. What these young men have today, they got themselves after a bitter and often savage strug gle in which neither their par- Rotarians Schedule Rites for 50th Year A service of thanksgiving by the Rotary Club of Washington at 4 p.m. today at the Washing ton Cathedral will commemorate 50 years of work toward inter national understanding by the Rotary Clubs of the world. Dr. Eltan Trueblood, chief of i religious information of the 1 United States Information Agen jcy. will address the convocation of the Rotary International. The Right Rev. Angus Dun, Bishop of Washington, will offer the blessing. The special service commemo rating the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Rotary Club will be broadcast by the Voice of America throughout the world for the benefit of Rotary Clubs in foreign countries. Pope Pius to Celebrate 79th Birthday Wednesday By th* Associated Press VATICAN CITY, Feb. 26 Pope Pius XII will observe his 79th birthday Wednesday. On the same day he completes the 16th year of a pontificate which has been among the most ardu ous in the history of the Roman Catholic Church. When Eugenio Pacelli, the Vatican’s cardinal secretary of state, was elected the church’c 261st head on March 2. 1939 the eve of World War ll—he assumed a burden that has never grown lighter. And in the last three years he has suffered recurring illness aggravated by overwork. His col lapse last December 2 brought grave fears for his life. But now. : gaining new strength, the frail ' pontiff is applying himself more and more to his tasks. Air Group Elects Patterson Thorwald S. Patterson of 400 Anacostia road S.E. has been elected president of the Wash ington Air Derby Association, a group of private plane owners. s ents nor the state could help them. And now, having achieved a measure of comfort and se curity, they feel no inclination to give it up and no obligation to anyone. Apart from their personal ex perience there are other reasons why young Germans should show a certain lack of patriotic fervor. It is hard, for instance, to work up much enthusiasm for a State which doesn't exist. As long as the occupation lasts. Dr. Ade nuer's government is not a real government. And this idea of a stateless existence has penetrated much more deeply into the con sciousness of the young people than others whose memories are longer It is, furthermore, a country with no frontiers. From the Ger man point of view, Germany is divided, not just into two. but into many parts beyond the eastern “boundary” of the Oder-Neisse line lies East Prussia. Beyond the Rhine is the Saar and Alsace-Lorraine. Hope Is Abandoned. Few Germans in their most optimistic moods talk seriously of regaining these lost terri tories. And yet this fragmenta tion of their country, in addition to its internal division have all combined to take most of the meaning out of the word “Vater land ” The men who are faced with the responsibility of building the new West German army recog nize this problem and admit its importance without suggesting anything very concrete in the way of a solution. One former officer told me: "If we want soldiers capable of stopping the Russians, we must first show them the neces sity for it. You can’t just put them into uniform and tell them they re soldiers. They won’t be. Somehow, we must give them the j idea of defending their personal liberty and their freedom of con ! science.” The hitch, however, is only too obvious: Most of the young men would prefer to defend their per sonal liberty by staying out of the army. 350 Gideons Dine, End Parley Today The three-day meeting of the Gideons international midwinter cabinet convention will wind up today with church meetings throughout the Metropolitan Area. Members of the Gideons Inter national. an association of Chris tian businessmen from Delaware. Maryland. Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey and the Dis trict. have met at the Statler, Hamilton and Mayflower Hotels to report the organization’s busi ness so far this year. The high point of the meeting came last night when 350 per sons attended a banquet in the Willard Hotel. Raymond R. Lindsey, international president of the Gideons, summarized the convention. Mr. Lindsey likened the Gid eons to missionaries who "sow the seed of scriptures” all over the world. The organization is best known for its placement of Bibles in hotels. Mr. Lind sey said 26 million Bibles and Testaments have been distrib v uted in hotels, motels and jails. t Housing Code Draft Now Retroactive, ' Affecting All Homes (Continued From First Page.) i ■ : attempts to deal with tenement . units was over sharing of bath i room or kitchen facilities. The new draft of the code makes no allowance for sharing of kitchens, but does allow shar ing of bathrooms Specifically, | the code says “each dwelling unit shall contain within its walls, available for the exclu sive use of the occupants thereof, a kitchen sink.” In addition, the draft says, both dwelling units and rooming units “shall have available for the use of the occupant or occu pants thereof, a lavatory, water closet, and bathing facility ” , j Where the bathroom facilities are not provided for the “exclu , sive” use of the occupants, some sharing is allowed. Where two or more dwelling units are in ' volved, not more than four occu pants may share the same wash , basin, toilet or bathing facility. In rooming houses, Mr. Cary said, the committee has not yet j decided whether to limit sharing of bathrooms to six persons or to eight. The new draft also provides 1 that “any new or additional ! kitchen sink, lavatory, bathing facility, water closet, water heat ing facility, or electrical outlet required by the provisions of this part (of the code> shall be in stalled not later than six months after the effective date of this chapter.” The new draft also reflects a compromise on “interior kitch ens” which do not have their own windows. Such kitchens, the code says, “may continue to be used for such purpose, but the floor area of such room shall not be included in calculating the total habitable area of the dwell ing unit of which it is a part.” Regulations to prevent over- 1 crowding require that 130 square i feet of floor space be provided for the first occupant of a habitable room, plus 90 additional square 1 feet for each of the next six oc cupants and at least 75 square feet for each occupant in addi- i tion to the seventh. i LostOsy \ to see the million dollar A world oi new and wonderful /A //P%. A for homomakerr j St First Shotting Anyuhere M A Real ; M. National Homes 1955 “Custom-Line” Jr Weddina Ym'. th# actual home constructed in the Armory especially for The Home Bhow. This is the charming home that JBfm 4-Up mnin created so nfueh talk when it was recently advertised in Jp£. s ~ 1 * MVJII I .ig&Y Life Magazine Now. for the first time, you can ctnnP /-if S P KA aee It at The Home Show completely land- JgjSßr Olvjyc VJ l J i.lYt, scaped and furnished by The Hecht Co. f turv Homes in cooperation with ‘ Burman A’ Hammond Belmont Structures Co. JjKrasW* 1 fi Don’t miss this last chance to see this year’s Home Show. It is a must for derful new things^ and ideas for the show you how to make what you want and fix what you’ve got. Today's ex- JIMMY DEAN citing special'event is a real wedding . ,• T THE MIDWBT«NEB | OUTDCDRGDM a DtutnttL by Horact H . Ptaslet, Arrhitecl Admission 80c plus tox. Children under 10 FREE if with adult. B 2 Bus to Armory THE HOME SHOW . TODAY, SUNDAY, 2to 11:15 p.m. p^^77 o Ar| . National Guard Armory 1 cbef PARKING ( P A * r THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C. SUNDAY. FEBBI'ABY 9?. lIAS Setting Up Academy For Air Force Means Problems for Colonel By tha Associated Press DENVER, Colo., Feb. ’ 26- Col. Robert Gideon, jr., bache lor chief of staff for the Air Force Academy to be built near Colorado Springs, is up to his insignia in problems he never encountered while flying an air plane. Col. Gideon has the job of answering letters from anxious mothers who want to know how the Air Force will treat their sons if the youths enroll as cadets at the academy. The first class of 300 is scheduled to begin training in temporary quarters at Denver's Lowry Air Force Base this summer. Answers Mostly “No.” Col. Gideon has to say “no” in most of his replies—but in such away that potential Air Force generals won't be lost to the service. A Montana ranch woman wrote: “If my son becomes a cadet, can he send his laundry home every week? He always sleeps in flannel pajamas and they shrink if they’re not washed right.” Col. Gideon answered that pa jamas, like all 60 articles of clothing to be worn by the ca dets. will be issued and laun dered by the Air Force. And there was the Tennessee woman who inquired if she could send a, bottle of home-made blackberry brandy along with her son. “We always use it for colds and upsets,” she wrote. Col. Gideon said no. Alcoholic bev erages won’t be allowed on or near the academy premises. Must Choose Equipment. Col. Gideon and fellow' mem bers of the academy staff are becoming experts in other do mestic fields as a result of their planning for the school. All of them, including Lt. Gen. Hubert Harmon, academy super intendent. have spent hours jumping, sitting and lying on mattresses, testing springs, and checking blankets, comforters. *** A-7 chairs, clothing and dining room equipment. Col. Gideon says the selection of chairs for the cadets’ rooms was the "most controversial” problem. It finally was solved by selecting a chair modeled after one Gen. Harmon had in his room at West Point. Gen. Har« mon bought the chair after graduation, and has moved it around with him from air basa to air base for many years. Another problem w'as choice of a cap to go with the faded bine denim coveralls which cadets will wear while doing ground work around planes. The acad emy staff agreed on a dark blue cap designed like that worn by the Brooklyn Dodgers basebaU team. ’Mighty Mo’ Joins Mothball Fleet By tht Associated Press BREMERTON, Wash.. Feb. 2S. A short, simple ceremony today ended an active duty chapter in the log of a great fighting shijv— the battleship USS Missouri. Capt. James R. North ad dressed the remaining handful of Missouri officers, enlisted men and official onlookers and said: “Mr. navigator, haul down tha jack, the ensign and the com missioning pennant . . . Com mander (D. W.) Davis, secura the watch . . . Capt. Poehlmann, the Missouri is decommissioned and I turn her over to you.” At the stern. Seaman Carl Dewese. Salem. Va., the only man on deck, hauled down the fla* and thus ended the career, for the time being, at least, of tha “Mighty Mo.” The ceremony was held in tha wardroom of the ship w'hich fought in World War 11, the Korean War and upon whose deck the Japanese surrendered to end World War 11. Capt. Karl 11. Poehlmann will use the Missouri as headquar ters of the Bremerton group. Pa cific Reserve Fleet, a force of some 600 to 800 men who handle the warships in mothballs at tha Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. Men in the reserve fleet will move headquarters and living quarters from the USS Indiana to the Missouri.