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THE EVENING STAR Washington D C. »* u. v. MONDAY, MARCH 21, 1055 U. S. May Find Need To Forego Peace Again, Dulles Says By th« Associated Press NEW YORK. Mar. 21—Secre tary of State Dulles says the United States may some day again find it necessary “to forego peace in order to assure the blessings of liberty." “Indeed,” he said in a speech last night, “already many are sacrificing and risking much to protect liberty. We must there fore make sure that the liberty which we are prepared to defend at great cost is true liberty.” He added: “That means a liberty which uses and develops those gifts with which man was endowed by his Creator . . . Not Right to Live Selfishly “The freedom of which we talk does not mean the right to live selfishly. It means that men in stead of having to fear other men need fear only God. It means the right freely to pat tern one’s life in accordance with thertilctates of moral law. That Is the law which enjoins upon us the Golden Rule.” Mr. Dulles also told a convoca tion of the United Negro College Fund at the Metropolitan Opera House. “Peace is the product of many wills, and not merely of one alone. In the past it has been necessary to forego peace in order to assure the blessings of liberty. We dare not be blind to the fact that that may happen again.” $1,750,000 Sought The convocation honored pres idents of the 31 Negro colleges which are members of the United Fund. It was held the night before the fund launched its 1955 campaign to raise $1,750,000. a sum estimated to cover about 10 per cent of the colleges’ educa tional budgets. Mr. Dulles told the 3,600 per sons attending the convocation: “It is inspiring to be here with those who are seeking to. sivc real content to the concept of equal opportunity for All with- i out regard to race, religion or class.” Mr. Dulles conferred with! Henry Cabot Lodge, United States Ambassador to the United Nations, this morning. The Sec retary was to receive the “man of-the-year” award of the Ad vertising Club at a luncheon. He will return to Washington in the afternoon. Panama's Assembly Opens Guizado Trial By tha Associates rrass • PANAMA, Mar. 21.—Panama’s National Assembly gathered to day as a court of justice to try ousted President Jose Ramon Guizado on charges he plotted the assassination of his prede cessor in office. Despite acute tension aroused j by the January 2 machinegun ning of President Jose Antonio Remon, the country was reported quiet. ' A young lawyer. Ruben Miro. confessed—and later repudiated the admission—that he shot down Mr. Remon at the Juan Franco racetrack but charged that Guizado plotted with him. Guizado, a wealthy 56-year- ( old civil engineer and contractor 1 who had been Mr. Remon’s first i vice president, became president on January 3. After Miro’s ar rest, he was detained on Jan- ! uary 15 and the National Assem bly impeached him a few hours later. Second Vice President Ri cardo Arias Espinosa took over | the presidency. Guizado, who denied the charges, faces a maximum pen alty of 10 years in prison if con- , victed. Under Panamanian law, 1 the votes of 36 of the 53 assem- j bly members are required for a conviction. If freed, Guizado is entitled to reassume the presidency. Mifo will be tried with three alleged accomplices before an I ordinary court of law, probably In April or May. The Weather Here and Over the Nation District and vicinity—Showers and scattered thunderstorms to night with low about 50. Rather cloudy and colder tomorrow with rain likely again by afternoon. Maryland—Showers and scat tered thunderstorms, tonight, milder in east, colder in extreme west with showers changing to snow flurries. Mostly cloudy, colder with snow flurries and some chance of rain in east to morrow. , Jf US WEATHER BUREAU MAR m # A OtM'"* l *"' Common* I low Tomporo4 ur «« 0"d Aroa* /,7 \ a( F_r,cipil«t„fi EipfHeA ® W.wl H,w 40 40 »• Os t 30 A M ISt »a* ■PVBPHpjpPVB \3 Mnr 21,1955 Hight and lowi m Inchoi —AP Wirephoto Mtp Rain will fall tonight in New England. Showers and thun derstorms are forecast for the Middle and South Atlantic States. Snow or snow flurries are expected in the Northern Appalachians, the Great Lakes area, the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys and the Northern Rockies. It will be colder in the Northern and Central Appalachians and from the lower third of Valley westward Southern Rockies. ! tM ■ pLj. m IT j r 9 fe w 1 9 If** s ** * 1 , - ' 99 - - op k Hj i •* r Si " 'J g 1 /Mm p } h f " ’ t " —AP Photo. HER SUNDAY SMILE—Back in church after missing a week because of the flu, Mrs. Eisenhower appears fully recovered, j She and President Eisenhower chatted briefly with Dr. Edward L. R. Elson, minister of the National Presbyterian Church, yes terday and made plans to attend Easter services. Reservists Fly'Cloud Tunnel' To Bermuda, Hardly See Sea By Harry Lever Star Staff Correspondent KINDLEY AIR FORCE BASE, Bermuda, Mar. 21.—Flying over the Atlantic Ocean for 677 miles without even seeing it has been the lot of reserve pilots from the i Anacostia Naval Air Station in j Washington. There was an overcast and an undercast. You couldn't spot the water or the blue sky. The plane sort of drilled a , “tunnel” through the murk for the long over-the-vvater training | flight this week end in a twin engined R4D-8, a DC-3 type air craft with more powerful engines : than the ordinary “Gooney | bird.” | The flights climaxed a major navigational phase of the train ing schedule of Squadron VR-661, which ends March 27. It was looked forward to by all the men. Here was Bermuda—perennial land of sunshine and relaxation ; , Bermuda Cold But Bermuda was so cold, bleak and windy that those who opti mistically came in Aloha shirts and without overcoats shivered at tipies. These pilots and observers : probably will have better luck in future training missions to j such warm places as Miami, Jacksonville and Pensacola, Fla., or to Atlanta, Ga. But that outgoing Bermuda flight. It was warm enough at Norfolk, Va., first stop for Lt. ! Comdr. Carl R. Fisherkeller of 1205 West Braddock road, Alex andria, the aircraft commander, ! to effect a comfortable clearance from the authorities. Then everybody donned new - type j “Mae West” life jackets and we were off across the sea, about one-third of the way to Europe. But where was the sea? It peeped out between great fluffy j clouds as the airplane left Nor folk. Then it hid its head in murk. And the murk continued for almost 677 miles. The sea ; , showed its face again a few miles 1 from Kindley. “Just One of Those Days” j “If it wasn't for our instru ments and the fact that we knew ; where we were and where we ! were going, we’d never have known we had been over the ocean," the 32-year-old chief i pilot, a first officer for Alle Virgihia—Showers and scat- i tered thunderstorms tonight j with low 34-40. Cloudy and; colder tomorrow with occasional; snow or snow flurries. Wind—Southerly increasing to I 20-25 miles per hour with scat tered thundersqualls likely to night and shifting to northwest j 20-30 miles per hour tomorrow. Road Conditions (AAA) Pennsylvania Turnpike—Three inches of snow in west portions, i roads slippery. \ gheney Air Lines in civilian life, | remarked. “It was just one of : those day#’ The pilots, the navigators for whom the over-water training 1 flights were especially devised, the crewmen and the newsmen on board all hoped that the : clammy weather would be com pensated for in Bermuda. The travel folders say it is delight fully pleasant there. But the overcast and the un dercast shrouded Bermuda like a pall of low-hanging smoke. Time of the outgoing flight was good, however. Four hours and 10 minutes out of Norfolk. The flights require co-ordina tion among the plane com mander, the co-pilot, navigators, radiomen, plane mechanics and even the flight orderly who ! serves the coffee. In this case | the orderly was Aviation Ma | chinist’s mate George J. Struck of Baltimore. Others on Board | Others on board included Lt. Comdr. Paul Feeley, 36, naviga tor, of 403 Deerfield avenue, Sil j ver Spring. Md.; Lt. Oliver E. Sabatke, 32, of 9219 Adelaide | drive, Bethesda, Md., a captain for Capital Airlines in private life: Lt. Comdr. John A. Court right, 34, of 2322 Sixteenth street N.E., operations officer of VR-661 and in private life air route traf fic controller for the Civil Aero nautics Administration, and Lt. j W. C. Warner of Fort Lee, N. J., i a native Washingtonian who re , cently moved to New Jersey, where he studies architecture. He was a navigator on the flight. Also on board were Aviation Mechanic 1/c George B. Foy, 23, of 1014 South Frederick street, Arlington, Va.; Flight Orderly John E. Atkinson of Baltimore and Optical Mate 2 c Robert N. Sheehy of 5617 Auth road S.E, Washington. Charles County Man Dies As Car Goes Off Road A Charles County (Md.) man was killed about 1 a.m. today when his car ran off Route 225, near La Plata, Md., and struck a bridge. Maryland State police at Wal dorf said James Clifton Johnson, 31, colored, of Pisgah, Md., died instantly. He was alone in the car when the accident occurred seven miles west of La Plata, ‘ police said. > Northern New England—Snow. Roads elsewhere are wet. River Report • From U. S. Engineers! Potomac River cloudv at Harpers Ferrv and slightly muddy at Great Falls: Shen andoah cloudy at Harpers Ferry. Humidity tßrAdinas Washington National Airport) Yesterda.5 — Pet Today— Pet. Noon ftj Midnight «7 4 Pm. 41 H a.m. HJ 8 p.m. 10 a.m. 9? Record Temperatures This Year Highest. 74. on March 10. Lowest. 10. on February ,'t. High and Low of Last 21 Hours Hiah. 5.‘1. at 4:05 p.m. Low. 43. at 7:05 a.m. Tide Tables (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey) ... . Today Tomorrow High 5:40 a.m. Low; 12:06 a.m. 12:50 a.m High 6:04 p.m. 6:52 p.m. Low 12:31p.m. 1:10 p.m. The Sun and Moon Rises Bets Sun. todav __ fi ll ®;*n Bun. tomorrow 6:09 6:22 Moor, today 4:28 a.m. 3:54 p.m. Automobile lights must be turned on one-half hour after sunset. Precipitation Monthly precipitation m inches In the Capital (current month to date): Month 1955 1954 Avg Record January 0.31 2.30 3.24 7.83 '37 February 3.13 0.58 2.44 8.84 'B4 March 2.84 3.97 3.03 8.84 91 April 3.30 3.06 9.13 *Bll May 2.98 3.98 10 fi9 53 June 1.24 3.41 10 94 'OO July 170 4.26 10.03 'B6 \ugusf 3.15 4.75 14.41 *2B September 0.63 4.12 17.45 *34 October 4.<»6 2.85 8.8 l '37 November 1.78 2.73 7.18 *77 December 2.82 2.61 7.56 'Ol Temperatures in Various Cities h L. H. L. Abilene 76 29 Los Angeles «8 50 Albany 52 20 Louisville 59 55 Albuqueroue 55 23 Memphis 78 60 Anchorage 20 15 Miami 78 73 Atlanta 51 48 Milwaukee 40 34 Atlantic Cltv 45 41 Minneapolis 31 15 1 Baltimore 51 41 Montgomery 80 t»4 fillings 21 0 New Orleans 81 74 IrmSkham 70 60 New York ::8 Boise * 38 21 Norfolk 40 44 Basum**- 4 7 36 Oklahoma C. 69 23 Buffalo 53 3** Omaha 25 13 Burlington 44 2'. Philadelphia 5i 4 2 Charleston 04 50 Phoenit oi 35 Charlctte 54 5n Pittsburgh 57 43 Chicago 47 42 P't’and. Me. 39 29 Cincinnati 57 52 P'tland. Or 51 In Cleveland .57 43 Raleigh 55 48 Columbus *SB 45 Reno 4«» 15 Dallas 72 40 Richmond 59 40 i Denver 29 fi St. Louis 53 ol Das Moines 39 22 Salt Lake C. 31 15 Detroit 54 37 San Antonio 84 fifi 1 Duluth 29 0 San Diego 65 47 Fort Worth 72 38 8 Francisco 63 39 Indianapolis 54 49 savannah 67 57 Jackson 83 69 Seattle 46 38 Kansas Cltv 55 26 Tampa 86 66 Kev West 85 7 4 Washington 53 43 Knoxville 67 55 Wichita 67 18 Little Rdgc 75 58 f / The Federal Spotlight Murray Moves to Protect Employes in Downgrading Cut By Joseph Young Chairman Murray of the House Civil Service Committee has announced his support of legislation to protect all Government workers from salary cuts resulting from downgrading after they have been in the position for at least two years. The conservative Tennessee Democrat’s statement surprised and delighted Government em-< ploye leaders. Mr. Murray asked the Civil Service Commission for its report on the bill so his committee could act promptly o n the legislation. The measure (HR-3255) is sponsored by R e p r e senta tive Lesinski, Democrat, of Michigan, a member of the committee. It provides that n o employe > Joseph Thant may be cut in salary after being in his or her job for two years, regardless of downgrading of the job. Mr. Murray said: “This bill makes a lot of sense and I'm all for it.” At present, Government em ployes frequently suffer cuts In salary as a result of downgrading of their jobs by their agencies or the Civil Service Commission. The Classification Act of 1949 i gives permission to agencies not ;to decrease employes’ salaries when they are downgraded. How- | ever, some agencies have not used this permissive regulation \ and continue to cut employes’ ; salaries when they are down- ; graded. Employes who entered ; their present jobs after 1949 have to take a cut in pay when their jobs are downgraded, regard- j less of how their agency feels about it. Employe leaders feel that en- j actment of the Lesinski bill ; would be a tremendous boost ! j to employes’ morale. They cite | 1 many instances where employes with many years of service in a job have to suffer a pay reduc- j tion through no fault of their own as a result of downgrading. *** * • FRAYED TEMPERS—A first class row is pending in the Senate Civil Service Committee between Democratic and Repub lican members over the com mittees's investigation of the Eisenhower administration's Fed eral employe security program. | Republican members are I charging that the investigation is motivated solely by “politics.” They declare that a much more judicious and effective approach is being taken by the Senate Government Operations Sub committee headed by Senator Humphrey, Democrat, of Min- \ nesota, which is holding hearings on legislation to set up a bi partisan commission to study the program. Democrats on the Senate Civil Service Committee insist that the committee’s investigation “will be fair and impartial.” They de clare that some of their Repub lican critics “are afraid of what the facts might disclose.” How ever, some Democrats on the i committee candidly say that j Senator Humphrey’s subcommit- | tee already has stolen some of [ the thunder away from the civil service unit. ** * * TRAVEL EXPENSES The j administration’s proposal that the present $9 a day maximum travel allowance for Federal em ployes be increased to sl3 daily has stimulated action for such legislation in Congress. Both the ; House and Senate Government Operations Committee have' promised to hold hearings soon, i Indications are that the sl3 amount will be trimmed to sl2. ** * * CAPITAL ROUNDUP The Treasury Department’s Bureau of Public Debt has presented su perior accomplishment awards to Mrs. Rosalyne V. Austin, Violet Baker. Mrs. Dorothy Carta, Wil liam H. Moore, Metta S. Patten. William P. Pridgen, Mrs. Ruth E. Stitt and Mrs. Mildred A. Warvin. The Bureau also pre sented suggestion awards to Ger trude I. Burrows, Mrs. Mamie V. Carr, Mrs. Kathie D. Coolidge, William L. Mitchell, Richmond H. Pease. Edward C. Pentecost and Mrs. Rosaleen B. San Fellipo. . , . The Army Department’s Overseas Division has job open ings for military intelligence re search analysts, organization and methods examiners, position classifiers, survey statisticians, translators (Spanish and Portu guese*, safety engineers and in spectors, tabulating equipment Start HEARING BETTER Today (901 Waehingten Bldg. 1435 G St. N.W. Dl. 7-0921 nUd FUEL OIL OR OIL BURNER SERVICE? If you need fuel oil burner service or furnace cleaning, call RE. 7-5800 the Old Reliable A P Woodson Co Our service cost Is reasonable and guaran teed Budget accounts avail able We serve D C.. Maryland and Virginia. tstoblishtd 1919—Tht Old Kelio Me A. P. WOODSON 00. 1313 HSK N.W, • M. 7-5100 operation supervisors, court re porters, secretary (bi-lingual,! Portuguese), and stenographers.: Apply to Room 702, Old Post Office Building, Twelfth street and Pennsylvania avenue N.W , . . Sifver Medals for outstand ing service have been presented to the following National Bureau of Standard Employes: Andrew J. Altman, Louis Costrell, Marion M. Davis, Earle M. Hagaman. Forest K. Harris, Jessie H. Mc- Intosh, William L. Pendergast. Leo Shartsis, George R. Shelton and Samuel George Weissberg . . . Harry E. Brown, W. Fergu son Hall and Reinhart C. Schmidt of the Weather Bureau have received Silver Medals for outstanding service. . . . Local 140, National Federation of Post Office Clerks, entertained R. E. ODonovan, the Washington postal regional director, and most of his regular staff, at its recent meeting. . . . Eleven employes of the Navy's Bureau of Sup plies and Accounts have been promoted. They are Mrs. Hulda P. Molnar, William E. Moore, Mrs. Frances J. Ozorkiewicz, Mrs. Sarah G. Tatum, Robert H. Thor ! ton, jr„ Augustine A. Sampogna, i Mrs. Virginia Gast, Bailey H. Ottwell, Alonzo E. Wood, jr.. Wilfrid J. Dierkes, and William ! A. Culling. . . . Roy B. Snapp, former special, assistant to the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, has been awarded the AEC's certificate of distin guished service. Mr. Snapp is now in the private practice of law here. . . . The Patent Office received a special award from the recent National Capital Flower Show for a special edu cational exhibit showing the work of the agency as it relates to the issuance of plant patents and the value of such patents to the public. The exhibit was designed by A. J. Goldberg, chief of the Patent Office’s Division Number One. Dr. Lacy to Address Arlington Church Circle Dr. Edith Lacy, a medical missionary in Dhulia, India, now on leave, will speak at a meeting of the Edith Lacy Circle of the Woman’s Society of Christian Service at tjie Arlington Forest Methodist Church. The circle is named for her. The meeting will be at 10 a.m. tomorrow in the church, 4701 Arlington boulevard. in \d ’ IHM HOME m 11 i ■>- : : at m, mmmmm 'VIR.S V .. j Photogroph by Harold M. Lombart * j CAN BE EASILY FINANCED A little spent now for home maintenance may save big repair bills later. If your home needs painting, plumbing, roofing, ' ? 4 _ better heating, landscaping—these and almost every type of (i i ,1 1 1 11 l repair or improvement can be made at no strain on your \ budget with the aid of a Suburban Trust Company f i \ 36 M \ F. H. A. Home Improvement lioan. I *"-5 W M#B \ \— \ ■ J I 0 \ * *’ 7 * \ * iv* 7 \ \ No mortgage is required. No down payment. No red tape. | * iso oo \ \ \ 23’* \ No need to be a depositor. Simply estimate the cost of ft . \ 65-7’ \ 3 / 5 g 9 \ 31 ? ’ j l the repairs or remodeling you want for your home—then con -1 (000.00 \ \ u* 7 ' ( «. \ suit the Monthly Payment Table to see which plan you prefer. I for o*t<* r Next—pay a brief visit to one of our 14 offices, where friendly and helpful bank officers will assist you with the few necessary details. Or, if you wish, telephone for an application and further information. j - n 1 Suburban Trust Company A Strong, Friendly Bank SILVER SPRING, MD. HYATTSVILLE, MD. ; Callogo Pork, Md. 7360 Baltimore Ave. i«fht«do, Md. 4600 East-West Highway / ■ m _ 6V\r,/ .? Graanbalt, Md. —25 Cresent Rd. 9777 flowar Avo. (And Pinev Branch Rd.) ’ ‘Whir* Oak, Md.—Naval Ordnance Laboratory M». Rainier, Md. 3716 Rhode Island Ave. ,! •§ § I m ’ IgV Wear HyoHivill*, Md. 5416 Queens Chanel Rd. Takama Park, Md. 6950 Carroll Ave. , 1 J *1 4147 New Hampshire Ave. Takoms Park, Md. Wheeten, Md. 11427 Georgia Ave. ’J Woodmoer, Md. lOl5l Colesville Rd. Viera Mill, Md. 12210 Viers Mill Rd. ‘ »' -•- I Monday (hru Friday. *:JO AM. to 7:00 PM. . .4 BANKING HOURS: Friday Evenings, 600 P.M. to i:00 PM. • <•*■* p|s§|"pj| I \ MtMIII PIDIRAI OIPOSIT INSURANC! CORPORATION j• < l I Israeli President Appeals To Young Hunger Striker j ly the Auociotod Frau JERUSALEM. Mar. 21.—Is raeli President Izhak Ben-Zvi has appealed to a young Jewish j artist to end the hunger strike he is waging in an effort to win the right to marry his Christian fiancee'. The President's wife also in j vited the artist’s Yugoslav girl ! friend to come to Jerusalem “to ; talk things over.” t The young man, 26-year-old i Moshe Barak, today went Into j his seventh day in bed in a ! fashionable hotel, subsisting -only on water. He is demanding j legalization of civil marriages so : he can marry Urlt Pantekowitz without their changing their ! faiths. Mr. Ben-Zvi wrote Mr. Barak ! that his fast would not influence - Parliament to change existing laws permitting only religious marriages in Israel. Dr. Z. Wahrhaftig, Deputy Minister for Religious Affairs, told Parliament last week that legalization of mixed marriages in Israel would encourage such unions all over ’ the world and this “would en danger the very existence of the Jewish people.” I MILWAUKEE I MINNEAPOLIS * ST. PAUL j 111 Featuring Capital Constellations at 9:00 am and 6:15 pm I Also low-cost Aircoach Service Other daily service to Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Detroit and Chicago I Cmiuuj Smhi... " Capital || 1 ; wonnmsrnmimmim wt\ ' Ca ii STeriing 3-3000 | MiIHE MW B - or your TRAVEL AGENT ; & II Jf il 9F Tick *'° ffice “ c ° r - u,h& f s, »" < wi|, ° rd Ho, «') 'W§pS l sSSSSSSSSSSSSpI Spring Arrives Wet and Chilly, Cheering Harried Farmers Spring came to Washington at | 4:36 a.m. today, wet and chilly, but full of promise. The cool weather, which will moderate a little today, but be- j come more severe tomorrow, was: welcomed by Cherry Blossom officials. If the temperature stays below 70 for the rest of this week, they expect to see the blossoms come out during the week end and be in full bloom for the festival, March 29 to April 3. Rain Is Welcomed Today’s rain was welcomed by area farmers and gardeners, who are hoping 1955 will break a three-year pattern of dry weather which has handicapped plant growth. More rain is expected tonight and tomorrow, with a possibility of thunderstorms tonight. The low tonight will be around 50. To date In 1955, the area has received 6 inches of life-giving rain. This is 1.41 inches under the “normal” precipitation as, determined by the Weather Bureau. Farmers in the area, faced with a lower water table—the depth below ground at which! running water can be found— ; are, unless the rainfall increases, ; In the midst of another growing season without enough water. Last summer, the lack of water drove some local farmers out of > business. Encouraging figures from the | Weather Bureau show that Feb ruary and March were wetter j than usual. The deficiency in the year’s total to date comes from a dry January. Crops that are not growing In January still rely on the overall rainfall to maintain the water table. To date in March, the rainfall has totaled 2.56 inches. This is .83 inches above normal. Good News for Farmer February precipitation totaled 3.13 inches, .74 above normal. That is good news for the farmer. But January Is a different story. The whole month logged only .31 Inches of gain. . That is 2.93 inches below normal. The cumulative lack of water last year turned crops and lawns : brown and made miserable the lives of cattle raisers. Pastures I withered under the burning sun and dry winds, leaving cattle j raisers to feed the animals on ; food set aside for the winter or sell. If they sold, the cattlemen ' faced a declining market.