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'Scare' Stories About Fallout Magazine Says Nevada Tests' Effect on Individual Equals Only That of a Luminous-Dial Watch Scare stories about the al legedly injurious effect of atomic “fallout” of radioactive particles as a consequence of tests being conducted in Ne vada are repudiated by officials of the Atomic Energy Commis sion. In a copyrighted article, which the offices of the com mission cleared for publication as factually accurate, the weekly magazine U. S. News & World Report in its current issue makes the following cate gorical statements: “From the ‘big shot’ test, a radioactive ‘cloud’ crossed the United States but harmed no one. "Effect of its ‘fallout’ on anyone in U. S. equalled that of a luminous-dial watch. “Total ‘fallout’ on any one place for a year will be a fourth of ‘normal’ allowance. “New experiments show present ‘fallout’ level cannot harm future generations. “Fear of food contamination is refuted. “Even fish contaminated in Pacific H-bomb ‘fallout’ could have been eaten, if skinned.” The most important obser vations are those made after careful study of all medical data. Dr. John C. Bugher, di rector of biology and medicine for the Atomic Energy Com mission. is quoted as follows: “Small detonations, such as are fired at the Nevada prov ing ground, produce heavy contamination extending for only a few miles and the dan gerously active areas are con fined to the controlled bombing range.” There is much confusion— generated in part by the Com munists and in part by com ’ Doris Fleeson — Bright Outlook for Democrats Republicans in Congress at Disadvantage in 1956; Eisenhower Can't Be Candidate in 1960 If and when President Eisenhower accedes to the “Draft Ike” movement as Re publicans believe he will, he will among other things be offering himself as a test tube for a new experiment in con stitutional government. For the President, if re elected, will be the first Pres ident of. the United States who cannot legally run for a third term. A constitutional amend ment enacted in the Truman | administration with enthusi astic Republican approval for ’ bids it. Under Mr. Eisenhower the 85th and 86th Congresses could , operate free from thd chasten ing thought that the President if he wished could go again be fore the American people for vindication, putting them in the role of whipping Doy. The President would be expected, of course, to campaign for the nominee of his party in 1960 l but history clearly proves that is not the same thing as run ning himself. The speculation is the more interesting because political opinion now is that the Presi dent and another Democratic Dorothy Thompson — The Haste and Folly of Yalta In 16 Days and 3 Meetings, the Big Four Tried to Parcel Out World —Now West Repents, but Not at Her Leisure The Cairo conference lasted five days. The conference at Teteran lasted three. The conference at Yalta lasted eight. Thus, in 16 days in the heat of a war not yet ended, the leaders of the coalition that defeated Germany and Japan met to discuss the disposition of two empires and thought they had settled the future status of most of the world. In September, 1814, the "Big Four”—Austria, Prussia, Rus sia and Great Britain—that had defeated Napoleon, met in Vienna to dispose of his em pire. Much diplomatic work had been done in advance. The Big Four had already made de cisions and had bound France, by treaty, to accept them. They therefore anticipated that the conference would be cut and dried. To get her signature, the Big Four invited a representative of defeated France, and the restored Louis XVIII sent Tal leyrand. Smaller countries Spain, Portugal, and Sweden—were allowed to send plenipoten tiaries without power to par ticipate in the decisions, which had already been cooked up. But Talleyrand, supported by Spain, refused to accept them, denying that the Big Four were legally constituted bodies and demanding the election of a directing commit tee. The Big Four, fearing that the small states might back Talleyrand, refused, and the meeting was postponed. Meanwhile rifts developed be tween the Big Four, and finally Metternich (Austria) and Cas tlereagh (Britain) decided to admit Talleyrand, and the con gress really began. The Russian, Alexander. I, made trouble, particularly over the disposition of Poland and Saxony. For concessions to his interests there he proposed to trade off Italian territory. Prussia threatened war and Castlereagh, Metternich, and h/ ments of some scientists who, for unknown reasons, are feed ing to the press exaggerated statements—but the truth is readily obtainable from official sources. Thus, one of the most frequent distortions is with reference to the possible effect on future generations. The ar ticle in U. S. News & World Report says: “The 50,000 babies born to Japanese exposed to nearly fa tal doses of radioactivity at Hiroshima and Nagasaki show no measurable increase in ‘mu tations.’ More than four mil lion dollars has been spent by the United States in making careful tests of this ‘second generation.’ . . . “Japanese survivors of A bomb blasts with nearly fatal radiation doses showed an in crease in the frequency of leukemia. That tendency, how ever, was not continued in their children.” The most important com ment from an official source outside the United States has just been made 4>y Anthony Nutting. Minister of State in the British government! who was pressed in Parliament by the Laborites to urge the call ing of a special session of the U. N. General Assembly “to discuss the effects of hydro gen-bomb tests on the world atmosphere and to set up an international study group to examine and report on the genetic and other consequences of the tests.” But Mr. Nutting said in reply: “Certainly my scientific ad vice at the moment is that there is no danger to human life or to reproduction of the human animal from any ex plosions which have taken place so far.” t Congress would both win in ; 1956. Democratic successes at the grass roots last year are the 5 principal reason for the calcu ;. lation that divided government [> will endure even though the President is the Republican candidate. Their progress in the courthouses was at first obscured by the razor-edge margin in the Senate and a j House majority which fell be i low the calculations of the campaign. » But it was recently brought before the Republican National Committee by Senator Gold water, chairman of the G. O. P : Senate Campaign Committee. 1 and before Republicans gener ally in a speech Vice President Nixon made to party workers in California. Both men stress present party dependence on i Mr. Eisenhower for victory in i 1956. They realize, too. that the legal life of the President ■ as a political asset is little more I than five more years at the most. The year 1956 also puts that third of the Senate up for re i election in which Southerners I are most numerous, giving Democrats an advantage. The Vice President rarely Talleyrand—representing van quished France—signed an al liance ! Eventually the Tsar inclined to peace and gave way. and agreements between all the powers of Europe were signed one year and nine months after the congress first met. These agreements which bartered territories about quite shamelessly were denounced as “reactionary,” but the lines they drew endured for 40 years, and there was no war again in volving all the Great Powers until 1914. For with all their haggling, they had established an equilibrium, without vac uums, which it was more to the interest of all to maintain than Save time! FLY NORTHWEST 4-ENGINE air coach ' I DETROIT. *I9 7# @ MINNEAPOLIS ST. PAUL 43" f\ SEATTLE 114" fcfe* l' NORTHWEST 3-9000 or your Agnt What isn’t generally real ized perhaps is that the Atomic Energy Commission is con stantly measuring in every State of the Union fallout from the tests. The effects are negligible and have hurt no body The commission has the benefit also of the advice ol the best medical men in "the country, including specialists in the field of human repro duction known as geneticists. Experiments on mice and fruit flies have also been conducted As far as mice are concerned, they show, when subjected to heavy doses of radiation, few adverse mutations in succeed ing generations. Fruit flies show an improvement they end up more reproductive and with better resistance to dis ease. What the press reports from different parts of the country, giving comments by scientists, unfortunately do not do is to differentiate between fallout tests in Nevada and damage done to persons close to the tests carried on in the Pacific, where the big bombs were ex ploded. The fact is that the Nevada tests are being conducted for a humanitarian purpose —to determine the best ways to help civilian defense—and not to develop stronger weapons of war. The big bombs are not tested in this country, but in ocean areas far away from this continent. The Communist drive, however, is to stop all tests, and many persons are being duped by the campaign into thinking all the tests held in Nevada are injurious and will hurt future generations. There isn’t a word of truth in that propaganda. (Reproduction Rlghtt Reserved.) speaks to Republicans on or off the record that he does not stress the borrowed-time as pect of their fortunes. Ambi tious as he is, he of course cannot forget that all the polls suggest that Democrats are the majority party so far as registration goes. It is im portant to him in particular that Operation Catch-Up shall succeed, since he is personally obnoxious to the opposition. Constitutional amendments are susceptible to repeal, as the prohibition amendment proved But even if Republicans changed their minds about the vice of a third term as 1956 neared, they could do little about it unless they were bet ter situated in the Capitol and the 48 statehouses than they now are. The President is already be ginning to learn that the op position can be expected to protect its position, policies and personalities. Democratic boldness increases as the months before another na tional campaign shorten. And a Democratic Congress taking office again with Mr. Eisen hower in 1957 would then know for sure that they did not have to fear him in 1960. to violate. No great power was wholly satisfied, but none was imperiled. The agreements were not reached "off the cuff"; they had the consent of the van quished state; and the partici pants all showed the powers of endurance that the magnitude of their task required. The twentieth century * “peace conferences” contrast very unfavorably. Neither the small states nor the vanquished had anything to say. Nor, after World War I, did Rus sia. And there was war in 21 years. But even the Versailles con ference showed more respect for long - established great LOUIE —By Harry tyanan Fletcher Knebel — Potomac Fever The White House is cool to the idea of a Big Three con ference. There’s no problem keeping secrets at these conferences. Trouble is there’s always one heel who keeps them in a diary. * * * * The Congressional Atomic Committee holds a meeting in the atom submarine Nautilus. 300 feet below the surface. First time Congressmen ever admitted they were out of their depth. * * * * Democratic Senator Neuberger blasts Ike for banishing squirrels from the White House lawn. It’s different under the Democrats. Every squirrel in the country heads for the White House. ,** * * Churchill complains that the United States promised not to publish the Yalta papers. It’s unfair literary competition. Churchill hasn’t finished his own memoirs yet. * * * * Ike makes Kevin McCann his full-time chief speech writer. McCann will get paid to put down the subjects and predicates of a sentence. Ike will free-lance in between. • * * * The Commerce Department says the average American family made $5,330 last year—or almost enough to pay off its debts from the year before. Army History Defends WACs Against'Slander' of Wartime By th« Associated Press The Army yesterday came out with a full defense of its women j in uniform against what it called a widespread and vicious cam paign of slander in World War H. The story of the formation and development of the Women’s Army Corps is told in an 800- page volume which forms a part of the Army’s official history of World War n. In a foreword by Maj. Gen. Orlando Ward, former chief of military history, the Army can didly said the book would stress the misunderstandings and the difficulties into which the WACs ran headlong. Gen. Ward said the Army did not always understand the WAC, its needs and temperament and many other things. The history was written by states and more consideration of power-potentials and per spectives than the conferences at Cairo. Teheran and Yalta. \ in which agreements reached • I in haste are now repented in Western quarters, still with- | out leisure. Outside the conference j rooms of the long Vienna Con gress, Vienna danced, and the co urti er s, plenipotentiaries, aides and their hangers-on, danced, too. There was external levity, then, while Europe was being redisposed. But there was no such in tellectual frivolity and folly as marks the published ac counts of the Yalta confer ence —or, for that matter, the decision to publish them, or even worse, to establish con ditions for a “leak,” regard less of the obvious and fore seeable effects in London, Paris, Bonn and Moscow. No interest of foreign pol icy could possibly be served by their publication now. Only party partisanship can be served by it—if it is. For there is no reason to believe that Republicans, at that time, would have shown more fore sight. What is revealed is, however, profound: The de cline, if not the fall, of West ern diplomacy, and the para noia that marks the age. ! Mattie E. Treadwell, a WAC staff | officer in the war. The volume recounts obstacles ; that had to be overcome, from : both within and without the Army, by the first WAC director, Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, now Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare. Uniform Troubles Early WAC uniforms, made by men’s wear manufacturers, were cut with wide collars and narrow hips. Hems of skirts could not be easily raised or lowered and "suspenders on girdles were too short and pulled runs in stock ings ” The WACs also had trou ble with the Army Medical Corps male standards. The greatest detail is devoted to the battle against what started out as a strictly gossip and rumor campaign but mounted by 1943 into a full-fledged movement to accuse the WACS of wholesale immorality. Army intelligence agencies found that some of the reports stemmed from actual incidents, but involving women wearing uniforms similar to those of the WACs. A lengthy investigation deter mined that among people who spread false rumors were, male Army officers who resented WACs in principle and who feared being replaced in comparatively soft assignments. just a week Brings the Finest TV —with Exclusive Easier-On-Your-Eyes * EASY-VISION* LENS Hli|NU|UlnU Only Hoffman Easv-Vision* provides you with a genu ine optic lens, the result of years of engineering re search Now you can protect your eyes and the eyes of .• - your children by eliminating eye fatigue resulting from viewing TV. Here for the first time is television viewing JmBPC comfort—combined with the finest in TV engineering m B ■ and the finest in TV styling. 'S NEW "profile" wider, lower, more compact. NEW Soundorama Trio-phonic Hi-Fi for listening pleasure. NEW Aluminized picture tube—pictures up to 83% brighter. KM ■ V | FREE HOME DEMONSTRATION | f I * I | and your free illustrated booklet “E«*y Vision Television” 1 L. -QT Q.ni (19- J *H9 95 N ■ N WBl Pay as little as $1.95 a week @| |@||® 11® I@| |® 11® / \/ \ BEACON HILL TV SERVICE / — V \ *• 1923 Richmond Hiahwav. Alexandria. Vo. Constantine Brown — Russia Not Ready to Meet West Soviets Will Come to Big Four Conference Only if They Expect Such a Meeting to Promote Their Own Wishes The personal suggestion of Senator Walter George, highly respected elder statesman and chairman of the Foreign Rela tions Committee, for an early Big Four conference has found no takers in responsible quar ters in Washington or Lon don. President Eisenhower has already rejected it as prema ture. The basic thought of Sena tor George is far from realities. He hoped that an American approach might affect the So viet stand in the explosive Far Eastern situation and that in exchange for a top-level meet ing the Kremlin might stay the hand of Chou En-lai. The harsh fact is that the men in the Kremlin want a conference with the Western leaders only if they feel it will help them toward their own goals. The Berlin conference a year ago proved this amply. We accepted reluctantly the proposition of Sir Anthony Eden and Georges Bidault to meet with the Russians to dis cuss only a peace treaty for Germany and Austria. Before leaving for Berlin, Secretary of State Dulles assured the American people that this was our only objective. The Russians had entirely different thoughts. Comrade Molotov showed what he in tended to do when he brought representatives of the Peiping regime to East Berlin. Within a few days he switched the sub ject of the discussions to a five power conference on Indo china and Korea. Indo-China was then the next victim on the Red list. Molotov succeed ed in ramming down the throat of our Secretary the idea of another conference to be held a few months later at Geneva. The British and French for eign ministers, to use an ac curate though undiplomatic expression, ganged up on us Life in the U. 5. Bald Ones Protest Price Os Haircuts By th» Associated Press COLUMBUS, Ohio, Mar. 23. Bald members of the Ohio House have called for an inquiry into the price of haircuts. '[ Their resolution yesterday noted that barbers charge 25 cents extra for crew, butch or flattop haircuts and suggested that barbers could shave their prices for those with little, if any, hair on top. Proposing that the nine spon sors make the investigation, the resolution read: “In view of the premium . . it is altogether commensurate with justice, equity and fair play that a reciprocal reduction of price be effected for those of us who, through no fault of our own, are endowed with that, badge of experience and ability called baldness.” Nylons Disintegrate ALBANY, N. Y. UP).—Nebu lous nylons have annoyed \ Albany again. A dozen women employed in an office building reported yesterday that their hose had begun to disintegrate. One woman said she had 12 runs in one stocking. A similar complaint was voiced here last April. A j theory expressed then was that THE EVENING STAR, Washington, D. C. WEDNESDAY. MARCH *B. IMS and compelled us to accept the Soviet demand. We were in terested in ratification of the European Defense Community Foreign Minister Bidault con vinced Mr. Dulles that this could not be obtained until the Indo-China question was out of the way. But the Fiench surrendered at Geneva, the EDC was de feated and the Communists had their own way. The Kremlin under the lead ership of Marshal Bulganin and Nikita Khrushchev is far less eager than was Georgi Malenkov for a Big Four pow wow. We have ample informa tion that if they agree to a meeting it will be only on con dition that Chou is included. The main topic to be discussed would be our “withdrawal” from Formosa. The objective of the Reds in Moscow and Peiping is not peace, but a peaceful surrender of the free nations to their domination. They would pre fer this to the possibility of an armed encounter in which they fear they may come out only second best. But they have learned since the cold war started that an adamant stand can yield rich dividends. There are enough chicken-hearted souls and genuine devotees of “peace at any price” among their adversaries to confirm this Red belief. The Moscow and Peiping dictators are clearly aware of the allied reluctance to win a decisive victory in Korea and to do anything about armistice breaches. And the fact that America, which in the past has been a stern protector of its citizens, has not reacted with deeds to liberate the prisoners of war still held by Peiping gives further assur ance to our enemies. The Chinese Reds intended the jailing of 11 men in uni high sulphur content in the : air had weakened the nylon, j Chemists said at the time i the sulphur could have orig- j inated in industrial vapors blown about by 30-to-40-mile 5 winds. It also was windy in Albany yesterday. Pride and Joy Together COLUMBUS, Nebr. WP).—’Ten- year-old Vaughn Paul Domeier of Sutton won first prize with his calf “Pride” at a State Aberdeen . Angus Association show here. His prize was another calf that Vaughn Paul promptly named ‘‘Joy.’’ Little Girl and Bears ST. LOUIS (/'P).—lt was snowing and well below freez ing, and the little girl walking down a street at 2 a.m. yester day was barefooted and wear ing only a nightgown. A taxi driver took her to the i Managing Rental Property Every factor needs to be carefully studied, income, physical condition, cost of operation. Our wide and varied experience can be of sure saving to you. H. G. Smithy Company 81] lMta St. N.W. ST. 3-8300 Mortgage Representative—Travelers Insurance Co. PROPERTY MANAGEMENT —SALES—LOANS—INSURANCE * A-27 form as spies to be a political blackmail and a test of Amer ica’s fortitude. Peiping took a calculated risk. We could have forced the liberation of these men and others by more effective measures than words. But when we handed over the matter to the weak United Nations they knew they had won at least the first game of the rubber. Our men are still imprisoned. The U. N. ap parently has thrown in ita hand. It hopes for a solution only as a sequel to some give and take as suggested by Chou to Dag Hammarskjold. We are expected to yield on Formosa and in exchange our men will be freed from the Red Chinese jails. The hard fact is that while the West is anxious for peace, and high-minded men. such as Senator George, fervently hope for success in another international conference, the Communists are not seeking such a solution for the present tensions. If they agree to an other parley it will be only to obtain additional prestige and more territory without fight ing. The peace dove released by former Premier Malenkov has been caged again in the Krem lin towers and “coexistence” clap-trap is no longer being used by the new Soviet re gime. The last Moscow clamors for a Big Four conference have died away and the Soviet lead ers are now sitting on their hands while they wait for the West to make a move. Time is on the Soviet side, while confusion and political inco herence continue in the West. They may be afraid of Amer ica and its power. But they still believe that American leadership will do nothing which might displease ita Western European allies. : nearest police station wher* she announced she was Mary Sparks. 5, and: “I was dreaming about bears. I thought the house was full of bears. I went downstairs and out the front door to get away from them. Then I was afraid to come back, because I’m afraid of bears.” She was returned to her mother, Mrs. Henry S. Sparks, who hadn’t missed her. Mary spent the rest of the night in bed with her mother. Test Aircraft Burn MILTON, Ontario. Mar. 2S (jfP).—Fire raged through two hangars at Malton Airport yes terday, destroying four spe cially equipped test aircraft and thousands of dollars worth of experimental instruments. To tal damage was estimated at near $5 million.