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David Lawrence —
Radiation Scare in Colorado Gov. Johnson Castigates 'Fright Campaign' Launched By Scientists Over Nevada Atomic Experiments Gov. Edwin C. Johnson of Colorado. Democrat, was for ten years a member of the Atomic Energy Committee of the United States Senate and was. therefore, able to learn a great deal about the super bombs and their effects. He retired of his own volition last year. Recently he issued a statement to the press deplor ing the attempts on the part of certain scientists to exag gerate tne effects of the atom ic bomb tests in Nevada. He said in part: “It must be crystal clear to everyone now that the care fully planted 'fright campaign’ launched by Drs. Lanier and Puck of Colorado University was merely part of a Nation wide drive by American scien tists against the use of atomic bombs. “Many of us could and would share their opposition to these lethal destroyers were it not that the United States is in a desperate and deadly atomic race with ruthless Russia. . . . Much as the United States would like to stop testing and improving atomic bombs, she dare not do so. . . “We must not permit the defenses of this country to be weakened by wild and prob ably baseless speculation about the genetics of future genera tions. Unless American scien tists remain way out in front of Russian atomic scientists, there will be no future gener ations of Americans. “I am not accusing our Boulder (Colorado University) radiologists and their col leagues in other educational institutions in their *fight against development of effec tive lethal weapons by the Doris Fleeson — Eisenhower's Trying Dilemma President Faces Decision on Whether to Take Issue With Republican Right Wing Over China Policy The whole world is on ten terhooks while President Ei senhower debates whether or not to fight the Knowland- Bndges-McCarthy wing of his party. This faction is demanding that he commit United States forces to the defense of Que mov and Matsu. These are isl ands about four miles from the Red China mainland and they are now' occupied by the Chi nese Nationalists. The pressure on the Presi dent grows heavier and more heated almost by the hour. It is a supreme test of his Asian policy from w'hich he had hoped so much. That policy is disengage ment from areas of conflict, actual or potential, with Red China. It began with Korea. There the President accepted a truce which former President Tru man had refused' to consider. But Mr. Eisenhower had prom ised in his campaign to reach a Korean decision, and un questionably what he did was popular. It was so popular in fact that few people ventured to mention its disadvantages. In the spring of 1954, the President had again to decide Thomas L. Stokes — ' • Knowland Helps Democrats / Minority Leader Revealed as His Own Opposition's Secret Weapon Against the Administration The Republican Party’s Sen ate leader. Senator Knowland of California, has finally be come President Eisenhower's problem to such an extent that he has been picked by the Dem ocrats. at least temporarily, as their secret weapon against the Republican administration. The Senator has provided the issue Democrats long have sought. He constantly adver tises his differences with the leader of his party, the Presi dent, with no prompting what ever and upon the least excuse. Democrats find him vulner able for a variety of reasons. For one thing, he dramatizes the split over some aspects of foreign policy within the ad ministration, particularly as regards China and the Far East. He is perfect for this political purpose since he is the party leader in the Senate, and ordinarily, and according to all the rules, such a leader operates in close co-operation with the White House. For another thing, the Cali fornian's insistence on all-out war if Red China should attack Quemoy and Matsu, the two offshore islands held by Chiang, puts him in a warlike posture that Democrats are eagerly try ing to exploit. Since he is the party leader in the Senate. Democrats are making the most of his bellicosity to try to discount the Republican Party’s claim to being “the party of peace” which proved so effective for it in the 1952 presidential campaign. v Also, since the President’s own position is vague about QuemoV and Matsu, there is no positive refutation of the impression of policy given by Senator Knowland. Another aspect of the Know land affair which plays into the hands of Democrats is his own refusal to echo the con tinuous, if plaintive, cry of every other Republican for the renomination of the President. The Senator says only—and he has aald it twice In recent weeks in almost the same way United States of being fifth columnists. But I do think their employing of ‘fright strategy’ to create public senti ment against the necessary testing of atomic bombs is most damaging to the defenses of the free world.” Shortly after this statement was issued, Gov. Johnson had occasion to answer a letter from Mrs. Connie Montfort of Denver. Colo., and the ffiilow ing extract from the Gover nor’s letter reveals further de tails about the “scare story.” Gov. Johnson wrote: “It seems to me the two uni versity professors made a very grave and unnecessary mis take. This is what they did: - “On Friday they called a press conference and save out a very frightening story to newspaper reporters about the dangers to the people of Den ver of radiation caused bv the Nevada atomic experiments. It was agreed that the story would not be published until the Sunday gapers, March 13. “Why these professors did not take the matter up with the Mayor of Denver or the Governor of the State, or even the President of the United States, only they can explain. What did they expect the peo ple of Denver to do? Hide in their basements and demand that the defense tests in Ne vada be discontinued? The Mayor, the Governor and the President have the responsi bility of protecting the people, and if there be danger, very quietly they should be alerted first. “When I was told that they held their press conference on Friday and that they sug whether Americans were to fight in Asia. The French were falling back in Indo-China, strategically much more im portant than Korea. Dien bienphu was besieged and it was within the military ca pacity of United States naval forces nearby to make sir strikes which would help tne French garrison. The administration’s deep concern was revealed in a speech made by Vice President Nixon to newspaper editors in which he admitted that United States troops might be needed. The outcry against it was un doubtedly a factor in the President's difficult decision to stand aside in Indo-China. This country was left in po tential war in Asia only in Formosa to which Chiang Kai-shek and the Nationalists retreated when they lost the civil war to the Reds. For mosa had been in the hands of the Japanese and was re taken from them by the Allies in World War 11. A hundred miles of blue water separates it from the China mainland. The President has consist ently deferred a decision about defending Quemoy and Matsu, promising only that he himself —that the party should not draft a “reluctant” candidate, that is, should not try to press the President into the mce if he really does not want to run This is interpreted by Dem ocrats, whether rightly or not, as a sure sign of the Senator’s own ambition for the 1956 nomination. Democrats will en courage such a suspicion wide ly as a means of dividing Re publicans if possible, and also to bolster their own hopes that the President will not run again. The tip-off of the new Dem ocratic strategy of exploiting the Senate Republican leader and his repeated defiance of his President came from Sen ator Knowland’s opposite num ber, Senate Democratic Lead er Johnson of Texas. Senator Johnson found his opportunity in the belligerent remarks about Quemoy and Matsu by Senator Knowland on a Sun day television program, which were matched by those of an other Senate Republican lead er, Senator Bridges of New Hampshire, likewise on a Sun day television program. In his mock innocent way, Senator Johnson rose in the Senate Monday right after it had convened and said we don't want any “war party ’ in the United States, nor do we want an “appeasement party.” He was sure that Mr. Eisen hower does not want a “war party” either. This was recognized as a maneuver to isolate the Repub lican Party's Senate leader— and also Senator Bridges, who is chairman of the party's policy committee—and to line Democrats up with the Presi dent as against the Knowland- Bridges policy for China and the Far East. Senator Johnson’s "touch ing up” of Senator Knowland came after consultation with many other Senate Democrats over the week end and plainly looked forward to this week's White House conferences on foreign policy to which the 4 gested it be published on Sun day. I said: ‘lf they know on Friday that the lives of the people of Denver are in dan ger on Friday and keep such facts under cover until Sun day, they ought to be arrested.’ “As I see it, the real ques tion here is: Shall the United States abandon the produc tion, tactical development and improvement of atomic weap ons, or shall we turn that field over exclusively to Soviet Russia? “I am convinced also that upon the scientists of America depends our security and safety. The free world owes them a great debt of grati tude. To continue to protect us from our enemies, the uni versities and colleges must turn out scientists in ever-in creasing numbers. They gave us the atomic bomb. They can protect us from harmful radi ation. They have well-equipped laboratories in w’hich to do these things. "But. remember this, no true scientist leaves his laboratory to run to the press with an unproven sup p o sition. The true scientist develops his theories patiently, quietly, thoroughly, through the re lentless process of trial and error.” Gov. Johnson's comments are in line with the informa tion available here from offi cial sources—namely, that the amount of radioactivity out side of the immediate testing area is negligible and cannot be regarded as having any after-effect on future genera tions, as the propagandists are continually saying. (Reproduction Rights Reserved.) and no others, including his military advisers, would give the green light there. What is happening now is that the Chinese Reds are gathering for an attack on the Matsus. At any time they were willing to forswear war to retake Formosa, these islands would have been yielded to them without a murmur. They seem to prefer war to diplomacy. This is what gives the Chiang backers here the chance to contend that the United States w'ould be a "pa per tiger” if it lets Quemoy and Matsu go. In his dilemma the President has had a kind of tacit prom ise from the Democrats in the person of Senator George that he will be supported in another “disengagement.” But the Democrats, who almost all op pose a China conflict in which Chiang will be our only ally, have been slow to give battle to the Knowlands. They are vul nerable to the charge that they think it better politics to make Mr. Eisenhower whole rap for an anti-China decision which many in his party won t like. Meanwhile, the drift profits the war party. President has invited Demo crats. Pointedly, the Texas Democratic leader said that it is the intention of Democratic participants to advise and con sult with the President and not to try to pressure the President into any course. This last was regarded as a thrust at Senator Knowland, who never hesitates to try to push the President in the di rection the Californian wants to go. Up to this time the Pres ident has endured this stoic ally and philosophically, at least to all outward signs. The most recent success of Sena tor Knowland was release of the Yalta Conference docu ments, which finally was ar ranged through the device of a “leak" after the Senator had prodded Secretary Dulles. Both the President and Sen ator Knowland will be on the spot in the White House con ferences on foreign policy at which Democrats will sit. Export Volume NEW YORK. —About 49 per cent of the total volume of ex port goods produced in *the United States is made up of in dustrial machines, automobiles, grains and cottons. FRENCH GERMAN-SPANISH T:t* Br-I i Method is Availoblr Only at THE RERI *TZ SCHOOL of LanKuatf* B:tn 17th St. (at Eye.) ST. a-ODIQ | (Srtmirtltrijkrtt 0 LUNCH \ gec $ w Europe l V 11:30 AM-2:00 PM \ 0 Rathskeller Restaurant v () German Recipes—Wines— Liqueurs v \ FREE PARKING /) V 2434 Wis. Avo. EM. 2-7650 \ > 1 LOUIE Fletcher Knebel— Potomac Fever Adlai Stevenson loses a case in the Supreme Court. This was one contest that. w-«- something of a relief for Adlai. He got beat by only nine votes. * * * • A prayer room for Congressmen is opened at the Capitol, Now a Congressman can vote for the party and go next door— and pray for the country. * * * * Democrats are miffed because the squirrels were chased from the White House lawn. After the next election, Democrats had hoped to bring them a lot of new nuts. * * * * Republican Senate Leader Knowland says the Republicans - could win without Ike. Sure. All the Republicans need is a good platform—and some good Democrat to run on it. * * * * One thing about this atomic age. No matter how much a fellow tries to improve each shining hour, he tends to give up the minute it gets dark. * * * * French shopkeepers strike against paying taxes. Wouldn't work here. Taxes are so high here that a fellow w'ho quits work is liable to get arrested for loafing on the Government’s time. * * * * Visitors to the House of Representatives gallery are forbid den to read, applaud or take notes. As a citizen, it’s your duty to sit quietly while Congress acts—and try to think up some way to pay for it. Controller General Joins With Foes of Roads Progarm By the Associated Press Joseph Campbell, recently con firmed as Controller General over i the opposition of Senator Gore Democrat, of Tennessee, joined forces with the Senator yesterday in opposition to President Eisen hower’s big highway program Mr. Campbell (old the Senate Public Roads Subcommittee, of which Senator Gore is chairman. I that the financing method pro 1, posed in the administration's ! s2l billion road bill is “objec j tionable.” The Controller- General said I the General Accounting Office I believed Federal borrowings con ! templated in the administration program should properly be part of the public debt. Secretary of Commerce Weeks and Gen. Lucius D. Clay, author of the administration program, had argued in previous testimony that one of the key benefits in the plan was that it wouldn’t add any money to till national debt. Part of Total Borrowings But Mr. Campbell said: “It seems only right that such obligations should be considered, classified and disclosed as part of the total borrowings of the Government, that is, the public debt.” Senator Gore’s bill, which calls for $8 billion in Federal road spending over the next five years, asks for direct congres sional appropriation of the money. The Eisenhower plan would set up a new agency to handle the borrowing. Congress would earmark gasoline tax revenues for the next 30 years to repay the Federal indebtedness. Mr. Campbell said he also op- I posed any specific earmarking I of the Federal gasoline tax. He How to find Health and freedom The Christian Science Reading Room in your community is maintained by your Chris tian Science neighbors. It stands as an outward sign of their appreciation for the blessings they receive constantly through Christian Sci ence-benefits equally available to you. Release from dis ease, from fear and lack, has come to many through thoughtful reading of Science and Health with Key to the Scrip tures by Mary Baker Eddy. Christian Scien tists feel that anyone should have the right to investigate Christian Science for himself and in his own way. Science and Health may be read, borrowed, or pur ® chased at any Christian Science Reading Room, or send $3 and a copy will be mailed postpaid. Christian Science READING ROOMS 1601 Eye Street, N.W. 1552 Connecticut Ave., N.W. 14th St. & Park Rd., N.W. J 4th & G Sts., N.W. 2315 Wisconsin Ave., N.W. 1302 Rhode Island Ave., N.W. Maryland Virginia Chevy Chase 7901 Connecticut Are. Alexandria UO N. St. Asaph ft. Hvairsvtlle 6221 43rd Are. • Arlington 6835 Little Fills Rd. Silver Spring 8616 Georgia Are. 3150 Wilson Bled. —By Harry Hanan raised a question of the legality of such procedure and remarked that by so doing “the Congress would, to some degree, lose its control over the program.” Free From Safeguards “The corporate form of Gov ernment activity,” Mr. Campbell said, “is objectionable because, for the most part, it is free from i the normal safeguards set up by the Congress to maintain ade quate control over the conduct of public business and the ex penditure of public funds.” “We believe that the highway program—since it in reality is non-revenue producing—should be financed by appropriations made by the Congress.” Mr. Campbell said he and CAO I were recommending that “any borrowings necessary to finance i appropriations approved by Con- j j gress automatically be treated and disclosed as a part of the public debt of the Federal Gov i ernment.” Wyoming Visitors Decline CHEYENNE, Wyo.—The num ber of visitors to Wyoming and the amount they spent both dropped in 1954. Visitors totaled 2.776,893 and expenditures $121,- 419,644. In 1953 there were 3,- 051,531 tourists, who spent $124,- 105,773. ! Foundry Church ( Methodist) 16th and P Sts. N.W. At inis ten: Frederick Brown Harrii F. Norman Van Brunt Midweek Lenten Service Wednesday, March 30 8:00 P.M. Message hy The Rev. Kenneth R. Rose, guest preacher, pastor. Lovelv Lane ! Church, Baltimore. Md. m al Constantine Brown — China Reds Prepare to Attack But Chou En-lai Still Has Reason.to Hope His Demands For Formosa Will Be Won at Conference Table The Chinese Communists have gathered about 500.000 battle-hardened veterans of the civil war and Korean cam paign in the coastal areas of Chekiang and Fukien facing Matsu and Quemoy. Among the troops known to have been shifted are the 12th, 20th and 26th Armies with whom we crossed swords in the well-known “police ac tion” in Korea. The 72d and 78th Divisions of the 9th Army also have been shifted. Ele ments of the 21st, 22d, 24th and other well-trained Red ar mies also have been identified in the area. And the 3d Field Army which left Korea after the armistice is reported to be moving south. The total Red strength In Korea has been reduced from 750,000 at the end of the war to some 435.000. A 12,000-man paratroop division has been deployed in the Foochow and Amoy areas opposite Matsu and Quemoy. New Russian manufactured long-range guns have been packed into the Weitou peninsula some 25,000 yards northeast of Quemoy since they started arriving last January. Simultaneously with the mil itary build-up, the Reds have pushed an airfield construc tion program which is expect ed to be completed shortly. The jet base at Nantai, some 35 miles from Matsu, is com pleted. It has concrete strips 10,000 feet long. The Luchiao and Ningpo strips, 120 and 200 miles to the north, are ready for big bombers. At Luchiao 30,000 coolies worked around the clock under supervision of Russian techni cians to complete what for the Chinese was an enormous task. Latest type Soviet-built jet planes are reaching the area in numbers. Jet fuel is arriving in small quantities by sea, especially from Vladivos tok. But because of the strict Nationalist control of the ap proaches to Amoy and Foo chow the fuel has to be sent Admission Cards List Rules For House Gallery Visitors By the Associated Press Visitors to the House of Rep resentatives gallery got their rules of behavior in black and white for the first time yester day. The little green admission card W'hich permits visitors to watch the House in session now carry the do’s and don’ts of gallery etiquette. They are the result of embar rassing experiences undergone by visitors innocent of House rules bantam iveiglit! bantam priced! Hkl Royal Bantam by Stetson $ lO A smartly designed hat for the young man whose ideas of style are in and on his head, rather than in his billfold. With its narrowly bound snap brim, the Stetson Royal Bantam unmistakably says, “Make way for a man on the way up!” See it at The Hecht Co in charcoal grey, sky grey or taupe. Men’s Hats, 2nd FI, Washington; Street FI., Silver Spring and PARKington \ the hecht co.<=) / Washington, Silver Spring, PARKington, Arlington V THE EVENING STAR, Washington, D. C. by land to those destinations This is the military picture, which has led competent ob servers to predict that the Reds may launch an all-out attack on Formosa with Quemoy and Matsu as the immediate targets—within the next 30 to 60 days when the monsoon rains will make conditions fa vorable for the invaders. This estimate does not take political conditions into ac count. Despite the coyness of administration leaders on what we will do in the event the Reds launch an attack against the two offshore islands, the French and British know that for strategic considerations we wall help Chiang Kai-shek defend them with our power ful air and naval forces. Since last week, however, unprece dented pressure has been brought on the administration by France and Britain to get together with the men in the Kremlin in a Big Four con ference regardless of the con sequences w'hich would follow if an agreement could not be reached with them. Our allies are said to be willing to start the ball rolling with a prelimi nary meeting at the foreign minister level. It looks as if such a parley is now inevi table. How our allies stand on the Formosa question became even clearer last W’eek when French » Premier Edgar Faure said that he is opposed to the Nationalists remaining on the United Nations Security Coun cil and strongly advocated their replacement by the Com munists. The Soviet bloc has been harping on this for sev eral years. The British have expressed their belief that the matter should be taken “under favorable consideration.” But this is the first time that the French, who have not recog nized Communist China offi cially, have taken such a stand. The reason for this change can be found in the ardent and observed sympathetically by House Doorkeeper William M. (Fishbait) Miller. “We just wanted to make i things easier,” Mr. Miller said, ! “I venture to say that 20 or 40 . i times a day our doorkeepers have . 1 had to correct someone for an innocent mistake.” The don’ts include no packages, bundles, cameras, suitcases or briefcases in the gallery; no standing or sitting in the aisles, ; no smoking, applause, reading. A-15 desire of all our European allies to get rid of the Chinese nightmare and hand over Formosa and the offshore is lands to the' People’s Repub lic in one form or another even at the price of a Far Eastern “Munich.” They all realize that some time during the parleys with the Soviet dic tators the matter will come up—just as the question of the war in Viet Nam was raised by Foreign Minister Molotov at the Berlin conference in 1954—and they want us to yield in the same manner France yielded then. But if American and Chi nese Communist forces should happen to exchange shots be fore a conference can be ar ranged, .our allies believe the administration’s hands would be tied. They doubt that American public opinion would tolerate any conces sions to the Chinese Commu nists, no matter how willing President Eisenhower might be to discuss peace in our time. Hence, on the one hand, London and Paris are insist ing that we think twice before we support the Nationalists in the defense of the offshore islands and on the other hand the British and French am bassadors in Moscow are urg ing Molotov to use his in fluence with Chou En-lai to hold his fire. Our allies are said to have intimated to Premier Bulganin and Molo tov that Peiping can get everything it wants at the conference table. These efforts of the British and French may be success ful. Chou can’t afford to give up his much-trumpeted claims that he will liberate Formosa by force if necessary. He is willing to take a calculated risk and lock horns with the powerful forces opposing him. But if he can fulfill his pledges without firing a shot, the Communist victory will be as complete as that of the Nazis at Munich. taking notes, taking photos or “wearing of hats by men.” And one most commonly vio lated don't—no hats, coats, hands and elbows or other objects may be placed on the railing, and that ■ visitors shall not lean over the railing. ! j Each card bears the name, ■ street number and home town of J the bearer, information that is , duplicated at the office of the Congressman issuing the card. , If a House doorkeeper finds a r card improperly filled out, it is > picked up and returned to the , issuing member. Otherwise, it Is , good for the entire 84th Congress.