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CLASSIFIED—READERS' CLEARING HOUSE
SOCIETY—CLUBS-WOMEN'S FEATURES —Star Stan Photo by A. C. Chinn. CHERRY BLOSSOMS ARRlVE—Washington's greatest spring attraction, the Japanese cherry blossoms at the Tidal Basin, today reached an "effective stage," parks officials said. So a Star photographer set up his equipment for the annual formal portrait. He used a red filter at l/25th of a second at f. 32. The blossoms should be even fuller tomorrow. Senators Seen Favoring Extra Police Pay Bill $60,111 Requested To Cover Expanded Protection on Hill BY DON S. WARREN The Senate Appropriations Committee today gave a sympa thetic hearing to a request of District officials for a reimburse ment of $60,111 to the Metro politan Police to cover the cost of the 10 headquarters detectives assigned to give added protection for members of Congress. Chairman Hayden told report ers he felt Congress should make the payment, that District offi cials had “pi'esented a good case.” Senator Thye, Republican, of Minnesota told his colleagues he thought the reimbursement was justified because of the need of extra police protection at the Capitol since there was the pos sibility of an attack similar to the one that occurred in the House chamber March 1, 1954. Presented by Murray The requested reimbursement was presented by Police Chief Robert V. Murray. It called for $21,139 to cover the services of the 10 detectives assigned at the Capitol Horn March 2 to June 30 of last year and for $35,552 for services from January 1 to June 30 of this year. Other District items included in the supplemental bill which amounts to a total of $996,800 are extra funds for the Health and Welfare Departments. The item is $650,300 for the District’s share of costs at St. Elizabeths Hospital. Most of this sum is the District's bill j for repairs to buildings at the ! mental institution. For the care | of additional District patients at the hospital is an item of SIIB,OOO. Appeal Considered The committee also considered an appeal by J. George Stewart, I Architect of the Capitol, for i $611,000 for rebuilding the legis- : lative garage in the plaza to the north of the Capitol. He ran ] into a barrage of questions from Senator Ellender, Democrat, of Louisiana, who protested that j the leaking and deteriorating I underground structure should be repaired at a much lesser cost. He made a special protest that the repair bill would be almost as much as Congress spent on the garage when it was built more than 20 years ago. Mr. Stewart also suggested j that the committee bring out j an appropriation of sl.l million for the purchase of the remain ing half of the square where the new Senate Office Building is being erected—immediately east of the present Senate Office Building. Senator Thye said the archi tect ' ought to think twice” be fore making such a move because the half of the square still in private ownership includes two apartment buildings as well as row houses. “Who Cooked That Up?” Senator Ellender demanded to knew “who cooked that one up?” Mr. Stewart said he had pre pared the estimate at the sug gestion of three Senators. Brief discussion developed over the action of the House in vot ing $2 million to begin construc tion of House Office Building number three. Senator Ellender, who has re peatedly opposed the new Sen ate office building, said, “If we keep on expanding this way, the whole Government is going to fall on us.” Voter League Unit Elects Officers Mrs. Paul Jones was elected president of the Falls Church League of Women Voters at a recent election. Other officers elected include Mrs. David Wagner, first vice president; Mrs. Louise T. Olom, second vice president; Mrs. Rob ert C. Browning, secretary, and Mrs. William Berry, treasurer. The Financial Crisis We Face Taxable Incomes in D. C. Drop, Accelerating Vicious Circle Government Will Be Requested to Pay At Rate Comparable to Private Industry Asking that the Federal Gov ernment share half-and-half with District taxpayers in pro viding new revenue for the Na tion’s Capital, city officials are warning that rising levies are driving the biggest taxpayers out of town. They are prepared to tell the Federal Budget Bureau early Second of a Series next week that the median in | come is declining in Washington, as higher-income residents de camp to the suburbs. And, the lower the average Washingtonian’s income, the more demand he makes on ex- I pensive, publicily financed wel ; fare and health services. Recent figures showed the median income in Washington as $2,975, with 5 per cent —or $151.19 —figured as the yearly tax burden on each man, woman and cbild in Washington. By comparison, * Arlington County has a median income jof $4,580 with a 2.2 per cent per capita tax bnrden of $102.38: Montgomery County'S median income was $5,005, with a 2.4 per cent per capita tax burden of $124.46. If U. S. Were Taxed. Also, the argument will point out, if the Federal Government paid as much in taxes as any major industry—whose place it takes in Washington—the rev enue to the District would be twice what it is now—s4o mil lion a year. This would be about 30 per cent of the District’s General Fund budget, which finances every municipal expense in Washington except highways, water works, sanitary sewers and motor vehicle parking facilities. Although Congress has put up as much as 50 per cent of that cost—which it promised to do when it wiped out local self government and took over all power in the city—the Federal share has gone as low as 8.6 per cent and now stands at only about 15 per cent—s2o million a year. . Fqr 120 years now, debate has been periodic over how much the Federal Government should pay toward the cost of running a capital it set up for its own purposes, where it has exclusive control and which exists only to serve the Federal Government and the people who work for it. Virtually No Industry The main trouble is that — aside from the untaxable Federal Government—there is virtually no industry in the District. Over the years. offi cials have had to explain the reasons for a Federal payment repeatedly to the constant stream of new lawmakers joining the Congress. The first statement of such reasons was laid down 120 years ago in a congressional investi gation. which took place when the Capital City went bankrupt. Then, in a Senate District Committee report of 1835, Sena tor Samuel Lewis Southard of New Jersey —a former Governor of his State and ex-Secretary of War and of the Navy—urged that the Federal Government pay more than half the bill. He wrote: “The committee have been un able to separate the interests of the District from the interests of the United States. They re gard it as the child of the Union —as the creation of the Union for its own purposes. The design of the Constitution and its founders was to create a resi- j dence for the Government where j they should have an absolute and unlimited control, which should be regulated and governed by them without the interference of partial interest in the States, which should be built and sus tained by their authority and re sources, nojt dependent upon the will or resources of any State or local interest. “If this had not been the de sign, a temporary or permanent seat of Government'would have been selected in some populous city or some territory subject to State jurisdiction. And, if this was the design, it is not easy to comprehend either the principle which prevents the Government from a liberal appropriation of natiohal resources to accomplish the object or the policy which would confine the city to the means possessed by the inhab itants for its improvement. “In accomplishing their ob ject, the Union undertook the guardianship of the District, de prived its inhabitants of the right of self-government and the elective franchise and made thfcm dependent upon the will of the representatives of the States, to whom alone they can look for relief.” Reasons Still Valid Many of the reasons, then, are pretty old, but still are painfully valid. With time new ones have been added In summary, here > arc the reasons District officials s|y . the Federal Government should pay its share of running its Capital City: . l. Washington is the National Capital, created by the Federal Government for its own pur poses, and Congress has complete power. Where the authority lies, there responsibility should be. 2. Washington taxpayers have no voice and no vote in levying or spending their taxes. 3. High-taxpaying industry is unwelcome because it would mar the beauty of the Nation’s Capital. 4. Zoning for the Capital ki.?o§ down population density ana limits the size of buildings. This prevents the development here of any Washington Wall street and the taxes it might pay. Tax-Exempt Land 5. Only 47 per cent of Wash ington’s land is taxable. The rest, of which the Federal Gov ernment owns 43 per cent, pays nothing, nor do the many'foreign embassies and legations, which are here because this is the Capi tal City, as are the non-taxable headquarters of many churches and other organizations like the Red Cross. There is more than twice as much tax-exempt real estate here as in the average American city. 6. All municipal construction must be “monumental” and ex pensive to make bridges, courts and other buildings suit the dig nity of the Capital. 7. Under the Constitution, Washington cannot expand, as other cities can, and annex its growing suburbs, where higher taxpayers are already moving. 8. Expansion of Washington’s population—and city services— is a result of expansion of the Federal Government itself. 9. "Loopholes” in the city’s tax structure, built in by Con gress, hamstring District tax col lectors. Some 20-year residents, for example, who still pay in come ta\es in their home States, can offset them against District taxes so that they pay nothing here. 10. The District, filling the functions of city, county and State, has a wide variety of taxes. On a per capita basis, they weigh heavily on the indi vidual taxpayer, and if the per capita tax load exceeds that in suburban Maryland and Vir ginia, more residents will be driven out of the District and its taxing jurisdiction. 11. Taxes that, like those in other cities, would tap non resident workers have little chance of being approved by Congress, where the nonresi- j dents have representation and District taxpayers do not. 12. Unlike the Federal Gov ernment—and many city govern ments—the District cannot re capture in taxes any part of salary increases granted to its own nonresident employes. 13. District taxes, once levied, mvist be paid year after" year Unlike Congress, the taxpayers cannot decide annually whether they will pay their share. TOMORROW: Which of 23 possible sources of income will be chosen for an in crease? fuming j&laf Appeals Court Backs Holtzoff In Hacker Case Rules D. C. Board Couldn't Revoke Suspect's License Outright revocation of a i hacker’s license before his court trial on a criminal charge vio lated his constitutional right to J due process of law, the U. S. | Court of APPeals for the Dis | trict of Columbia held today. The court’s opinion, split two-to-one, upheld a previous ruling by Federal Judge Alex- I ander Holtzoff. | The hacker, Ernest L. Mc- I Carney, 30. colored, had been : charged with rape on two dis ; ferent occasions. In addition, a bayonet and bullets had been found in his cab. After he was acquitted of the first rape charge and while trial was pending on the second his license was revoked. Character Cited This action was taken by the Board of Revocation and Review of hackers’ identification licenses. Following a hearing it was de | termined that McCamey, because of the charges, was not of “proper character” to operate a cab. Judge Holtzoff granted an in junction against the board's i action after McCamey had been acquitted at a trial on the second ! rape charge. In upholding the judge, the appellate court majority said: ; “We agree with the District Court that due process is not ob served if an accused person is subjected, without his consent, to i an administrative hearing on a serious criminal charge that is pending against him. His neces sary defense in the administra tive hearing may disclose his evi : dence long in advance of his criminal trial and prejudice his defense in that trial.” Public Protected The opinion declared that the public could be protected pending trial through the suspension of the accused’s license rather than outright revocation involving per manent loss of employment. The court pointed out that its opin ion does not preclude future pro ceedings to revoke McCamey’s license and stated “misconduct need not amount to rape in order to show that a man is unfit to operate a taxicab.” The majority opinion was writ ten by Judge Henry W. Edgerton and concurred in by Judge David L. Basilon. Judge John A. Dan aher dissented. In his dissent, Judge Danaher declared the board had the power to revoke and exercised its discretion legally. He cited a District law to the effect that an applicant for cab driving privi leges must be deemed of "good moral character.” Consider Facts The judge continued: “Mem bers of the public, including women and children, place them selves in the care and protec tion” of hackers. The judge said that the finding of ammunition in the cab coupled with dis covery of a pistol in McCamey’s home, the bayonet in the car and the use of a pistol in one of the rape cases, "were factors to be weighed by the board in de termining his (McCamey’s) fit ness quite apart from the fact that he had not yet been tried on the . . . rape charge.” McCamey, o nappeal, was rep resented by Attorneys Albert J. Ahern, jr., and James J. Laugh lin. Policeman Faces Charge of Tardiness Police Pvt. Robert B. Ewing, 32, colored, of the Ninth pre cinct will appear before a trial board April 5 on charges of re porting late for duty and with failing to give his full attention at a roll call. Pvt. Ewing, who lives at 1633 First street N.W., was fined <35 last year for being late four times and S2OO for neglect of duty, police said. Captain Tells Os Shadowing Bribe Suspects Watched Thoman Meet With Accused, Layton Testifies BY JACK JONAS A police captain told a Federal Court jury in precise terms today how he shadowed suspects as the Police Department built a bribery and conspiracy case against two policemen and six alleged gamblers. Capt. John B. Layton, head of the Gambling Squad, reeled off ! times, dates, names and places as he told of watching Capt. Todd O. Thoman, jr., also an in vestigator in the case, meet with ; the suspects. Can’t Recall Some Events Under cross - examination, however, Capt. Layton was vague about other events in which he took part during the 10 Vi j months of investigation. He told defense attorneys he had rehearsed his Government testi | mony several times. On trial are Capt. John B. i Monroe, suspended Twelfth Pre cinct commander: Probationary Detective George C. Prather, sus pinded in the Thirteenth Pre cinct: Roger W. (Whitetop) Sim kins, 55, colored: Albert H. (Real Estate) Smith, 45; Charles (Geechie Charlie) Anderson, 40, colored: Curtis M. (Bozo) Tay lor, 39, colored: John (Lefty) Winston, 42, colored, and Burnie King, 29, colored. Capt. Layton told of following j Simkins’ green Cadillac sedan I during a ride Capt. Thomas, ; Simkins and Smith took last [July 3. Capt. Thomas has testi- I fled he got a SSOO bribe payment (from Simkins on that date. | He told of watching several other meetings between Capt. Thoman and the accused. Described Events Typical of the detail in which he testified was his description of events of September 14, when the suspects were arrested. Capt. Layton told this story: “I got a report from then Lt. Thoman about 5:45 p.m. I drove first to the rear of the Hedin House at Newton street N.E. and Rhode Island avenue. There I met Deputy Chief (Clarence H.) | Lutz and Inspector Loraine T. i Johnson. I drove with them to the Dixie Pig parking lot at Col ; mar Manor and met Capt. Tho man there. “I took from him his billfold and all the money that he had in his possession, with the exception | of five S2O bills ... in the pres ence of Deputy Chief Lutz and Inspector Johnson I checked j with Capt. Thoman the serial numbers on the bills and re turned them to him. At about 7 p.m. I drove with Deputy Chief j Lutz and Inspector Johnson, fol j lowing Lt. Thoman’s car south ] on Bladensburg road—following iat a distance. After he had turned right on Eastern avenue I drove again to the parking area to make an observation. “I observed the car of defend ant Monroe parked on Eastern avenue. We remained on the parking lot for about five min utes. Then .I. drove off and parked in the rear of Capt. Thoman’s car. We left the car and approached Capt. Thoman’s car I approached on the left side. Deputy Chief Lutz and In spector Johnson approached ort the right hand side, the passen ger’s side. "Deputy Chief Lutz spoke to defendant Monroe and asked him to get out of the car and took from him five S2O bills which were checked in his presence from the list that I had. The j serial numbers of the bills were' the same.” Capt. Layton said Capt. Mon-' roe protested that the SIOO was given to him by Capt. Thoman in repayment of a loan. Defense Stresses Meetings When cross-examination be-: gan, Myron G. Ehrlich, attorney : for the two policemen on trial, emphasized the meetings between the investigators and what was said during those meetings. Capt. Layton said he could not A (Hjnugljt far tEnftay Lenten Reflections by People You Know BY J. D. (RADIO JOE) KAUFMAN Retired Merchant and Civic Leader A phrase from the Bible that I find of great importance is short and lacking in drama. It reads: “Be still and know that I am God” (46th Psalm, verse 10). When we read the Bible we realize that inspiration came to the prophets and sages either on the mountain or in-the desert where they could get away and be still. Elijah, for example, was told to “stand upon the mount before the Lord.” Then, “a great strong wind rent the mountain, and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake; but the Lord was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire; but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a small still voice.” om. Mr. Kaufman Max Picard, a contemporary Swiss philosopher, is of the opinion that too many things are called to the attention of the modern mind. Indeed, the simplicities that we used to know are oases difficult to find today. When I can’t see things straight—get muddled over them—l find it good to be still. Before I get up in the morning and before I go to sleep at night I try to commune quietly. I let my mind lie fallow for a time, then I say the 23d Psalm or the Lord’s Prayer. We must take time out. Tomorrow—Mrs. Kathryn H. Stone v AF General Inspects Anacostia Station As Guest of Navy They added another step to ward military unification on the Anacostia Flats today. At the invitation of Capt. J. S. Barleon, jr.. commanding officer of the Naval Air Reserve Train ing Unit at Anacostia, the sta tion’s monthly personnel inspec tion was conducted by an Air Force general from neighboring Bolling Air Force Base. Brig. Gen. Stoyt O. Ross of Bolling, commanding officer of the Air Force Headquarters command, made the personnel inspection tour—pronounced the results good. Capt. Barleon’s "guest inspec tor” plan will briag in mem bers of Congress, Washington businessmen and others for the periodic tours, NARTU an nounced. recall the first such meeting at | which he was present, but : thought it took place in Decem | ber, 1953, with United States | Attorney Leo A. Rover, Assistant | United States Attorney Oliver ; Gasch and Capt. Thoman also ! present. This questioning fol ! lowed. Q. And when did the second | meeting take place? | A. I can't recall the exact date, ; but I know we had several meet ings. Q. Who was present at the second meeting? .A. I don’t recall exactly. Mr. Gasch, Capt. Thoman and I met several times and sometimes Mr. Rover was there. Q. And do you recall what was said at the second meeting? A. I don’t recall any of the exact conversation. Q. Was the meeting in Janu ary, February. March or April’ A. As I told you, we had many meetings, and I don't recall the dates of any specific ones. Went Over Testimony In reply to a question by Mr. Ehrlich. Capt. Layton said he had “gone over” his intended Govern ment testimony several times with Assistant United States At torneys Edward P. Troxell and John Doyle before his appear ance in the witness chair. "And did you go over a list of questions and answers, with them reading the questions and you giving the answers?” Mr. Ehrlich asked. “Yes, sir,” Capt. Layton replied, j Capt. Layton said he did not consider that police were giving gamblers protection by not mak ing any arrest during the time the investigation was in progress, i “I didn’t consider that we were 1 doing nothing about it.” Capt. j Layton said. “I had the idea that we were doing something about it.” Deputy Chief Lutz was to be called as a Government witness later today. WASHINGTON NEWS THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 1955 Mrs. Retfig Convicted Os 2d-Degree Murder In Husband's Death Mrs. Kathryn Rettig, 40, was convicted today of second degree murder in the stabbing of her j husband, Robert L. Rettig, 32, j last October 24. I The jury of eight men and four women in the U. S. District Court for the District of Columbia de ! liberated approximately five hours. | Mrs. Rettig, a waitress, had been tried on the charge of first degree murder. The maximum penalty for second degree mur der is 15 years to life imprison ment. Ordered Back to Jail Judge Henry A. Schweinhaut, who presided at the trial, ordered Mrs. Rettig back to jail to await sentence for w r hich no date was set. Defense Attorney Myer Koonin announced he will ap peal. Mr. Rettig was slain with a dagger in an apartment where he and the defendant lived in the 500 block of Sixth street N.E. Judge Schweinhaut, in final instructions to the jury yester day, gave the panel several al- I ternatives in reaching a verdict. These included a verdict of | guilty of first-degree murder. 1 guilty of second-degree murder or not guilty. Denied Making Confession Highlights of the trial in cluded testimony by a police de tective sergeant that Mrs. Rettig made an oral confession of the slaying to him. Mrs. Rettig denied she killed her husband and denied she told detectives so. She testi fied she was awakened by her husband yelling that he had been stabbed. She said she saw an unidentified man leave the apartment. Conventions Today Conventions meeting in Wash ington today are: New York Life Insurance Co., which yesterday began a five day meeting at the Shoreham Hotel. The National Rifle Association which is in the third day of a six-day meeting dt the Willard Hotel. American Council on Educa tion, Far Eastern Association, which concludes a four-day ses sion today at the Hotel Statler. The National Federation of Grain Co-operatives which con cludes a four-day meeting today at the Mayflower Hotel. The National Fraternal Coun cil of Churches which today con cludes a three-day meeting at the Vermont Avenue Baptist Church, 1630 Vermont avenue N.W. B *** 2,000 Line Up For Auto Tags On Final Day Must Be on Cars Before Deadline At Midnight Approximately 2,000 persons this morning lined up at the Mu nicipal Center in order to have their new District auto tags be fore the deadline at midnight tonight. Herman S. Cole, assistant di rector of the Vehicles and Traffic Department, said as of yesterday 147,139 licenses had been sold. The total compared to 154,064 the same day last year. In effect, therefore, almost 7,000 fewer per sons this year have bought tags. 15,786 May Apply Mr. Cole said that in order to match the number of tags sold by last March 31, 15,786 persons will have to go by the tellers’ windows. The first man in line this morning was Richard Howard, 28, colored, of 1333 Euclid street N.W. Mr. Howard, who works at the Officers’ Club at Bolling Air Force Base, said he took up his vigil at 4 a.m. today. Right be hind him was Charles L. Barbour, 30. colored, of 730 Tenth street S.E. Both Mr. Barboyr and Mr. Howard gave as a reason tor their late applications the fact they couldn't get away from work before. Few Left Waiting Paradoxically, Mr. Cole said, although long lines generally form March 31, few people are left waiting by closing time. He said he could handle 20,000 per sons a day but predicted a prob able total sale today of around 8,000. All persons waiting in line at 3:45 this afternoon will be served. Mr. Cole said. Those arriving later will have to return tomorrow. By noon, there was no line on the sidewalk. Howard Professor Named To D. C. Medical Board Dr. Mitchell W. Spellman, as sistant professor of surgery at Howard University School of Medicine, has been appointed a member of the District Board of Examiners in Medicine and Os teopathy. His appointment will expire December 31. 1956. He becomes the first colored physician to hold a post on the board. Dr Spellman, a graduate of the Howard University Medical School, is a diplomate of the Na tional Board of Medical Ex aminers and <the American Board of Surgery. He is also a member of the Medical Society of the District and the Medico- Chirurgical Society. Student Retreat Planned The annual retreat for stu dents of Georgetown Visitation Junior College will begin at 7 p.m. tomorrow in the college chapel, 1500 Thirty-fifth street N.W. It will end with an 8 a.m. mass on Tuesday. The Rev. Leon Monahan of Our Lady of Martyrs Tertianship, Auriesville, N. Y., will conduct the retreat. Boys' Choir to Sing The Columbus Boys’ Choir of Princeton, N. J., will appear at 4 p.m. Sundey at the Falla Cnurch High School Auditorium. The appearance is sponsored by the high school a capella choir. Boating-Fishing News In Sports Section Beginning tomorrow ond continuing each Friday until next fall, The Star will publish extensive coverage of boating and fishing news in its big sports section Regulai features will include the columns “Fore and Aft" by yochting editor, Malcolm Lamborne, jr., ond "Outdoors," by Bill Leetch. For the boating and fishing news from the Potomac-Severn-Chesapeake Bay area, don't miss these special features each Friday in The Star. 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