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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 01, 1955, Image 7

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1955-04-01/ed-1/seq-7/

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CHANNELIZING A DOWNTOWN TRAFFIC FLOW—The District Hi|hwty Department next Jane expects to award a contract
for fanprortof the traffic situation around the statue of Ben Franklin at Tenth street and Pennsylvania avenue N.W. Looking
west over the Franklin triangle, one sees a chunk of the triangle lopped off to provide a runway from D street into the Avenue;
construction of a traffic Island in the middle of D street, and surgery for the northeast corner of Eleventh and D streets. Con
struction is expected to cost SIMM or less. *
Experts Describe Experiments In Preserving of Eve Corneas
BALTIMORE, April 1 (JP>—
Experiments have been held that
may lead to the freezing and
preserving of corneas of the eye
for periods of several months.
The experiments were reported
yesterday at the fourteenth
clinical meeting of the Wilmer
Ophthalmological Institute at
Johns Hopkins Hospital by Lt.
<j.g.) J. W. Draheim of the
Naval Reserve Medical Coma
The cornea is the important
transparent covering over the
Iris and pupil of the eye.
Lt. Draheim told of experi
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mental eye wofk done at the
Naval Medical Center at Be
thesda, Md.
There are at present only a
limited number of eye banks in
the Nation. They operate on
an extremely short term basis
because of toe difficulty of pre
serving living cells after the
cornea is removed from an eye
donor.
A method of preserving cornea
has long been sought by the
medical profession.
Lt. Draheim said animal cor
neas have been preserved for
several months at Bethesda. He
said the removed cornea is first
Immersed in a glycerol solution
. for an hour, then put into a test
tube which is immersed in an
other solution at a temperature
; of minus 79 degrees centigrade.
Finally, the cornea is put into
storage at that same temperature
in a box filled with dry ice.
It is thawed, when needed, by
immersion in warm water.
Earlier efforts to preserve cor
nea have shown a loss of cel
lular life. Lt. Draheim said toe
animal corneas in the Bethesda
experiment seem to retain their
cell life for several months.
Samuel D. McPherson, Jr.,
OSNR, worked with Lt. Draheim
in toe experiments.
About 300 of toe Nation’s lead
ing eye specialists are attending
the meeting. /
Cors Go 81,000 Miles
DETROIT.—An average car
scrapped in the United States in
1925 had traveled 22,000 miles.
In 1945 the average was 81,000
miles.
U. S. Refuses to Reveal Plans
For Giving Red Sailors Asylum
BY J. Y. HORNER .*
The United States kept Russia
guessing today whether it will
grant political asylum to 20 Rus
sian seamen now in Formosa,
despite the Soviet government’s
bitter protests.
For toe second time within a
week, Soviet Ambassador Georgi
N. Zaroubin called at the State
Department yesterday afternoon
in an effort to prevent the de
fecting seamen from coming to
this country.
The Ambassador told reporters
he complained to Robert Mur
phy, Deputy Undersecretary of
State, that persistent seports in
dicate toe men will be granted
political asylum. If the reports
are true, he declared, his gov
ernment is entering a strong
protest.
Mr. Murphy told the Ambas
sador he could supply no new
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information on the subject but
would “look into toe matter.”
* Situation Unchanged **'
This left things where tpey
stood last Friday, when Mr. Za
roubin lodged a complaint with
Undersecretary Herbert Hoovdt,
Jr., and was told. In return:
1. If any sincere request tor
political asylum had been re
ceived, the United States would
give it full consideration.
V As far as Mr. Hoover’knew,
no decision had been reached
by the United States.
3. As for a reply to toe ques
tion whether toe reports were
true, the United States would
consider the matter and make
reply if deemed appropriate. /
All thsi seemed to add up to
the fact that toe United States
is screening toe records of the
seamen to establish whether they
are bona fide defectors, fed up
with Communist lffe, or whether
THE EVENING STAR, Washington, D. C.
' nuntT, aran. i. lass
their request for asylum is a
ruse to get Red agents into this
country.
The sailors are a part of toe
48-member crew of the Russian
tanker Tuapse, which was inter
cepted and seized by Nationalist
Chinese south of Formosa on
June 23, 1954.
Notes Rejected
In three notes, the Soviet gov
ernment has charged toe United
States with responsibility for the
tanker’s capture. The charge has
been rejected each time.
"Meanwhile, toe Government
has granted asylum to the for
mer captain of Communist Po
land’s celebrated liner, the
Batory.
President Eisenhower yester
day sighed a bill granting per
manent residence in the United
States to Jan R. Cwlklinski, who
was skipper of the Batory when
Gerhard Eisler fled from the
country in 1949.
Eisler. who represented the
Cominform in toe United States,
A-7
i was awaiting deportation when
i he stowed away aboard the ves
sel and escaped to Europe. He
» had been convicted of contempt
i ] of Congress and passport fraud.
Baltimore Man Killed
In Route 301 Crash
A 38-year-old Baltimore man
was killed yesterday when the
;car he was driving north on
Route 301 hit an embankment
near Hall, Md., and crashed into
a tree.
State police identified him as
George E. Bean, colored, of Bal
timore.
yHe was pronounced dead at
toe scene by Dr. James I. Boyd,
Prince Georges County medical
examiner.
A passenger in the car, Grace
Wall, 23, colored, also of Balti
more. was injured and taken to
Prince Georges General Hos
pital.

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