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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 04, 1955, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Clear tonight with low about 36. Fair and
cool tomorrow with easterly winds. (Full
report on Page A-2.)
Temperatures Today)
Midnight 47 6 am. . 42 n a.m. ..51
2 a.m. . 44 8 a.m.. 46 Noon 53
4 a.m. ..42 10 a.m. ..50 lp.m. ..56
An Associated Press Newspaper
103 d Year. No. 94. Phone ST. 3-5000 **
U. S. Speeding
All Defenses,
Wilson Says
Continental Net
Being Perfected,
Congress Is Told
Defense Secretary Wilson re
ported today that America’s
continental defenses against sur
prise attack are "being pushed
with all practical speed.”
Mr. Wilson, in a statement be
fore a Senate Appropriations sub
committee, said “considerable
progress” has been made in “im
plementing plans for aircraft
control and warning and sub
marine detection, as well as in
measures for the destruction of
hostile aircraft and subma
rines.” <
Air Force fighter intercepter
squadrons are fully equipped
with modern jets, he said, adding
that the number of such units
would continue to increase.
Equipment Rapidly Obsolete
He called the continental de
fense program "a massive under
taking involving great cost and
effort in the land areas of the
far North and in the seaward
Mr. Wilson's statement was
read to the subcommittee by
Robert Anderson, Deputy Secre
tary of Defense. Mr. Anderson
said Mr. Wilson was unable to be
present because of a cold.
In reporting the emphasis on
speed, the Secretary’s statement
said “it is important to under
stand that the kind of equipment
needed in this program is sub
ject to rapid obsolescence due to
the high rate of technological
advancement in this field,”
“The improvement of the sys
tem is geared to the availability
of suitable equipment and to the
capacity of our forces to use this
equipment,” Mr. Wilson said.
He praised the Canadian gov
ernment for making "an in
valuable contribution to the air
defense of the North American
Sticks to Proposed Army Cut
Mr. Wilson disclosed he is
sticking to the plan for a further
cut in Army manpower strength.
There have been recent re
ports of a new “new look” to
leave more men for the ground
forces, but Mr. Wilson said the
plan Is for an Army of 1,027,000
by June 30, 1956. This was ap
proximately the figure originally
recommended by Mr. Wilson to
the Budget Bureau.
By this summer the Army will
be down from a present strength
of about 1.250,000 to 1.102,000.
That level had been proposed
originally for June 30, Mr. Wil
son said, but may be reached
“a month or two later in order
that reductions can be effected
in an orderly manner.”
Some Army officers, including
Gen Ridgway, Chief of Staff,
contend that a larger Army, not
a smaller one, would be needed
in atomic weapon battlefield
fighting. President Eisenhower
has described Gen. Ridgeway's
demands for bigger ground forces
as “parochial.”
In advance of Mr. Wilson’s ap
pearance, Subcommittee Chair
man Chavez, Democrat, of New
Mexico said Gen. Ridgway and
other Army officers would have
a full opportunity at the hear
ings to protest the projected
Army manpower cut.
Questioned at Length
Mr. Anderson was questioned
at length after he had read
Secretary Wilson.’s statement, but
there was very little mention of
the controversial proposed re
duction in Army strengtth.
At one point, Senator Chavez
asked if the military might not
be emphasizing some things
other than offensive strength.
Mr. Anderson said there was
"no lack of emphasis” on offen
sive capability. He also testified
that the research and develop
ment of the most modern weap
ons was receiving the Defense
Department’s “most concentrated
Senators aired a number of
pet complaints during Mr. An
derson’s testimony. Senator
Chavez criticized the depart
ment's public relations “hand
out" and suggested that one
over-all unit handle press rela
Senator Ellender, Democrat, of
Louisiana, said he was “a little
bit depressed” in reading the
Secretary’s statement saying
that the present level of expen
ditures may have to be main
tained for many years to come.
He wondered about the effect
See WILSON, Page A-6
Star Want Ad Powers
Vacuum Cleaner Sale
When Mrs. E. It. wonted to sell her
vacuum cleaner, complete with attach
ments, she wasn’t lost trying to decide
the best means to find a buyer. She
mode a clean soles sweep by placing
an od in the Star Classified—she sold
the cleanei the first day her ad
Like Mrs. E. It., if you have some
thing to sell, attract buyers quickly by
telling it to the responsive audience of
Star readers who make it a regular
habit to buy through The Star Classi
fied every day.
It's easy ta place an ad in The Star
Classified. Just phone Sterling 3 -5000
and ask far on ad-taker.
She I’tomina ifef
South Viet Nam Land Reform
Offers Problem to Ladejinsky
Failure of 'Risk'
Charge to Lapse
Irks U. S. Official
Star Staff Correspondent
! SAIGON, South Viet Nam—
; Wolf Ladejinsky is in a new
flght as tough as his own secu
| rity case. He is trying to bring
about land reform in South Viet
Nam, where virtual anarchy
| reigns in rural areas.
Mr. Ladejinsky was sent here
by Foreign Operations Admin
istration, which hired him and
gave him full security clearance
after he had been denied such
clearance by Agriculture Secre
: tary Benson.
While the security contro
versy does not appear to have
hurt the agricultural expert
here, he shows sharp irritation
over word from Washington that
it is being kept alive.
“I am bothered,” Mr. Lade
jinsky said, “by the fact that I
get occasional reports from the
States that Secretary Benson
still claims I belong to Com
munist organizations. This cer
tainly does not give me the kind
of peace of mind that I should
have in the difficult situation in
which one works in Viet Nam.”
Charges Won’t Subside
Re produced a clipping from
The Star of February 24 which
told how a reporter, Clark Mol
lenhoff, had complained to Presi
dent Eisenhower that the Agri
culture Department still was cir
culating security charges against
Mr. Ladejinsky even though FOA
| had cleared him.
‘I shouldn’t have to spend a
second of my time concerned
with such nonsense because the
: issues we deal with here are all
too important for me to have
President May Turn Southpaw
At Baseball Opener Monday
President Eisenhower today
! agreed to throw out the first
ball at the season-opening base
ball game here next Monday be
tween the Washington Senators
and the Baltimore Orioles, but
j said he might have to throw
left-handed because of a “little
bursitis” in his right shoulder.
Clark Griffith, owner of the
Senators, who issued the tra
ditional opening game invitation
I to the President, told him it was
all right with him if Mr. Eisen
j hower wanted to throw left
| “Well, good luck, and I’ll be
I down there,” the President told
Mr. Griffith as the latter left
j his office.
Mr Griffith said later that the
Senator Morse
Injures Leg in
Bout With Hog
EOISE. Idaho, April 4 f/P>.
Senator Morse, Democrat, of
Oregon hobbled off a plane on
a cane last night, his right leg
| injured by a hog.
He said that when he picked
up a newborn pig at his farm
at Poolesville, Md„ Saturday, the
sow rushed him and sprained
| his leg.
He came here for a Senate
| committee hearing on a Federal
Hells Canyon dam.
Mexico Train Wreck
Kills 13, Injures 64 :
COLIMA. Mexico. April 4 {IP). !
j —The death toll of a train crash j
that tumbled three passenger
cars into Colima State’s “Canyon
of Death” rose to 13 today. Nine
persons were killed outright and !
j four of the injured died later, j
Four others were in serious con- :
The cars fell through a bridge
on a mountain line last night 50
miles from the Pacific coast near
the little town of Alsaba.
The Colima State Governor,
Jesus Gonzalez Lugo, said about
; 60 persons were injured slightly.
Other cars of the 15-car train
remained on the track, the
Governor said, and hundreds of
the persons who jammed them
escaped without a scratch.
Early reports said nine of the
cars plunged into the canyon.
The governor’s casualty report
knocked down a previous unoffi
cial estimate received by the
Guadalajara newspaper El In
formador that about 300 persons
were believed dead.
The National Railways ex
press. speeding from Guadala
jar a to the coastal resort of
Manzanillo with a crowd of Holy
Week holidayers, had Just left
a tunnel about 8:45 p.m. when
it jumped the tracks and cars
piled up just over the rim of
the 600-foot abyss. It was be
lieved most or all of the pas
sengers were Mexicans, since for
eigners rarely use the line.
I Cordell Hull Conscious,
Condition Unchanged
By the Associated Press
j The condition of former Sec
l retary of State Cordell Hull. 83,
was reported unchanged today
at Bcthesda Naval Hospital.
Mr. Hull suffered a stroke
i eight days ago.
A hospital spokesman saia he
was conscious and taking liquid
! | —AP Photo
i j
my attention divided even a
fraction,” he said.
[ Then, fingering the clipping,
, he snapped angrily:
j “It’s high time this issue be
.; resolved.” i
Mr. Ladejinsky is attempting
11 to repeat here his successes as a
[ i land reformer m Japan and For*
, mosa. But whereas Japan was
j a spectacularly orderly country
| and Formosa was an island for
! tress under a strong central
i, government, one-third of this
i country is under the rule of so
• j called religious sects—and so far
■ I they haven’t even let Mi Lade
■; j insky into their domains
Features of Program
[ He will have to start his
operations in the more stable
t j areas. The program, as he sees
i; it, is satisfactory—if it can be
, enforced. It is more limited than
j i some that have been tried in
> Sec LADEJINSKY, Page A-6
President asked him where he
thought the Senators would fin
ish in the American League race
this year, and that he replied
that “We’re going to be up in
the race.”
He added to reporters that
actually he expects to finish first
or second, hut didn’t like to brag
to the President.
Mr. Eisenhower also asked who
would be the opening pitcher
and Mr. Griffith said he thought
it would be Bob Porterfield, al
though that selection is not def
inite yet.
Mr. Eisenhower remarked the
Senators seem to have “a pretty
good ball club” this year and
Mr. Griffith agreed. Mr. Griffith
added that the Senators’ man
ager, Chuck Dressen, “tells me
we’re going to keep up playing
good ball.” He said the Senators
were living up to Dressen’s
theory that “the close ones can
be won if you use your head.”
Mr. Griffith presented the
President with a gold pass to all
American League games this
season and gave him another
pass in an alligator bag for Mrs.
U. S.-Bound Junk Starts
6,000-Mile Voyage
TAIPEI, Formosa, April 4 (IP).
—A Chinese junk—“ Free China”
—sailed today from Keelung on
a 6,000-mile voyage to the United
States with a Californian and
] five Chinese aboard.
The junk, on which Calvert
I E. Mehlert, 26, a United States
f vice consul, is a crew member
; is expected to reach San Fran
cisco in its non-stop trip in about
50 days and then sail through
i the Panama Canal to compete
in the trans-Atlantic yacht race
from Newport, R. 1., to Sweden
in June.
The skipper is Marco Chung, 29.
Chinese Reds
Purge 2 Men
Once Powerful
TOKYO, Tuesday, April 5 (IP).
—Peiping radio today announced
| the purge from the Chinese
Communist Party of two potent
figures—the boss of the first
five-year plan and Shanghai’s
political leader.
Victims of the first major
party upheaval since the Com
i munists conquered the mainland
l in 1949 are:
Kao Kang, long the boss in
Manchuria, reputedly an ardent
pro-Russian, who was put in
charge of the first five-year plan
in 1953. His name appears on
some Chinese Communist Polit
buro lists.
Jao Shu-shih, an old army
political commissar, was also
considered pro-Russian. He once
headed the East China govern
mental district. He was secre
tary of the East China Commu
; nist Party. He once was so
potent he headed the organiza
tion department of the Commu
nist Party.
A communique asserted that
Kao and Jao had engaged in an
“anti-party alliance.”
The purge was not unexpected.
Both men have been in eclipse
for more than a year.
Some Japanese
See Refusal by
Dulles as Slap
» But Tokyo Officials
Deny Any Affront on
Rejection of Talks
TOKYO, April 4 (JP).—United
States Secretary of State John
Foster Dulles today declined a
Japanese request for immediate
top level policy talks in Wash
However, a Japanese govern
ment source said Mr. Dulles’
action was not considered an
Opposition politicians here
pounced on the turndown as a
slap at the conservative govern
ment of Prime Minister Ichiro
Newspapers talked of a possi
ble political crisis. Government
leaders discounted this and ad
mitted they had not given the
1 United States enough notice.
Only Friday, Japan had pro
posed sending Foreign Minister
Mamoru Shigemitsu to Wash
ington this week to try to iron
out growing differences between
the United States and Japan,
especially on rearming the for
mer Axis partner.
Later Date Suggested.
Mr. Dulles said today his
schedule would not permit ade
quate time to prepare for talks
now. but suggested a later date.
(The State Department said
that "certainly no affront was
intended.” Press Officer Lin
coln White, pointing out that
Mr. Dulles suggested talks be
hel dlater, said it was impos
sible to prepare for conferences
on important international
matters within a few days.
For one thing, he said, agencies
other than the State Depart
ment would be involved in the
Authoritative sources said lead
ers of Mr. Hatoyama’s Demo
cratic Party had decided on a
political gamble—to try on
short notice to send a special
envoy to Washington. They
wanted him (I) to “sell" the
new Prime Minister to the
United States, (2) to get Amer
ica to temporarily let up on its
pressure for Japan to rearm
faster and (3) to try to get
America to “understand” Japan’s
need to resume relations with
her Communist neighbors, Rus
sia and Red China.
The government felt a new
approach on the defense issue
was urgent. United States offi
cials in Tokyo have refused to
grant a cut in Japan’s share of
the cost of stationing United
States troops here. Japan's pro
posed budget is based on a cut.
The projected visit leaked to
Tokyo newspapers before it could
be cleared with the United States.
Hatoyama Disappointed
Mr Hatoyama told reporters
he was disappointed at Wash
ington's reaction but he acknowl
edged Japan should have con
sulted the United States earlier.
A government source said "the
Prime Minister does not consider
Mr. Dulles’ reply an affront.”
Socialist Party leaders called
the Washington reply a "disgrace
and a death blow” to the Hato
yama cabinet. Chairman Mitsu
Kono of the right Socialist Diet
policy committee said it means
the United States will not agree
to cutting Japan’s $155 million
share of the $350 million to S3BO
million annual cost of keeping
American troops here, and the
government will have trouble
with its budget.
Japan had planned to Increase
to $222 million the new outlay
for its own fledgling defense
force if the United States would
agree to lowering its share of
the joint United States troop
Last year Japan spent $213
million. United States officials
reportedly insist Japan must
spend $250 million on its own
forces before they cut her share
of the joint cost.
Bombs Hurled at Homes
Os Two Britons in Cyprus
NICOSIA, Cyprus, April 4
(IP). —Pro-Greek terrorists kept
up their dynamite campaign
against the British rulers of
Cyprus over the week end
Bombs were hurled at the homes
of two British Army officers last
night, slightly injuring the wife
of one of the Britons.
Early yesterday a blast wrecked
a water pipe near a British
Army camp at Episkopi. Still
another explosion was heard in
the town of Limassol last night.
The dynamite attacks began
before dawn Friday, resulting in
the arrest of 12 Cypriots. The
terror campaign is being waged
by agitators for Enosis, the
union of Greece and Cyprus.
Britain, which holds Cyprus as
a crown colony, has rejected
Greece’s claim that she should
have the Island because of the
majority of the Cypriots are of
Greek descent.
Romulo Heads Delegates
MANILA, April 4 (IP).— Gen.
Carlos P. Romulo. special presi
dential envoy to the United
States, was named by President
Magsaysay today as head of *he
Philippine delegation to the
Asian-Afrlckn conference in
Bandung. Indonesia, opening
April 18.
Senate Adjourns in 20 Seconds Jury Gels Lesson
But House Toils for 72 Minutes On Wiretapping From
Action Agreed On as Most Members u ■ Cnnnrl Fvnarf
Already Are on 10-Day Easter Recess WOVIO 30Unu CXpcil
The Senate staged one of the
shortest sessions in its history
today, adjourning 30 seconds
after it convened.
The House was in session for
12 minutes, giving members time
to insert speeches in the record.
Both bodies had agreed in ad
vance not to transact any busi
ness today, as most members
had already left the city for a
10-day Easter recess.
Vice President Nixon noticed
a crowd of tourists in the Senate
galleries looking a little be
wildered at the quick adjourn-
Abandoned Baby
Stirs Jurisdictional
Squall by Police
A two-to-four-day-old baby
was found abandoned yesterday
near the Union Station Plaza. •
The infant boy was reported
in good condition by two ninttg
precinct policemen, who took
him to District General Hospital.
A problem of jurisdiction has
arisen which may have stalled,
temporarily, investigation of the
The ninth precinct referred the
case to the first precinct after
the infant was taken to the hos
pital. But Capt. Thomas Ras
musen, first precinct commander,
said the baby was found in Cap
itol police territory.
Capitol Police headquarters
said the baby was not found in
their area and they are not in
vestigating the case.
New York Population
Rises to 8,050,000
NEW YORK. April 4 (IP. —
New York’s population reached a
record 8,050,000 last December
31, the Department of City
Planning estimates. .
The department estimated the
city as a whole gained almost
158.000 residents, or 2 per cent
over the April 1, 1950, Federal
census figure of 7,891,957.
Among other figures in the re
port—which used the classifica
tions of white, non-white and
Puerto Rican—were these for the
period since the last Federal
There was 97.2 per cent in
crease in the Puerto Rican popu
lation, from 246.306 to 485,000.
The white population dropped
2.4 per cent or 164.894 from
6,889,894 in 1950 to 6,725.000.
The non-white population in
creased 11.1 per cent from 755,-
757 to 840,000.
Children in Israel to Gel
Salk Vaccine 'Shots'
JERUSALEM, April 4 (VP).
Israel says it is going to carry
out a national immunization pro
gram against polio this month,
using 600 liters (634 quarts) of
America's newly developed Salk
The Health Ministry announced
some 100 medical teams would
tour the Jewish nation, inoculat
ing all children between the ages
Os 6 months and 3 years whose
parents give permission. About
80 per cent of the polio reported
In Israel since 1950 developed in
the 100,000 to 120,000 children
in this age group.
The ministry said the vaccine
was a gift from the United States
National Foundation for Infan
tile Paralysis. Developed by Dr.
Jonas Salk of the University of
Pittsburgh, it was administered
last, spring to 440,000 United
States school children in a mass
test. Results are now being
s merit and decided he had better
not let them go home with the j
impression this was a normal j
Mr. Nixon made a little speech
—after the adjournment—saying
: that ordinarily the session is I
. opened with a prayer by the Rev. i
Dr. Frederick Brown Harris,
Senate chaplain. He explained
that the Senate last week en
tered into a unanimous con
sent agreement to make today’s
session a mere formality. The
tourists applauded the Vice
| President and left for other
sightseeing attractions.
Ceremonies Honor
Justice Jackson
As a world renowned jurist!
and statesman who kept the
high ideals and sympathetic
; dedication of “country lawyer,”
F the late Justice Robert H. Jack
son was memorialized in Su
i preme Court ceremonies today.
Responding to an address by
Attorney General Brownell, Chief j
Justice Warren spoke for the
court in paying “humble homage
to the memory of the colleague
who died last October 9. The
Chief Justice also formally re- 1
ceived a commemorative resolu
-1 tion adopted earlier today at a
meeting of members of the Su
-1 preme Court bar and of relatives !
and friends of Justice Jackson.
| The resolution noted that
j Justice Jackson began his career
as an upstate New York country
lawyer without a law degree. It
recalled, however, that he even
tually received more honorary
degrees and other awards than
did any other Justice in the his
i tory of the Supreme Court.
Six on Way lo Reunion
Killed in Auto Crash
4 (IP). —Six persons from San
I Marcos, Tex., enroute to a fam
j ily reunion in Evansville. Ind„
were killed yesterday when their
car crashed into a bridge abut
; ment on U. S. Highway 60 eight
' miles east of here.
State police identified the vie- I
ttms as Mrs. Trinidad Lopez
Campos, 45: her daughter De- j.
lores, 21; her nephew, Joel S.!
I Lopez, 20: his wife Josefina, 19; j
their son Joel, jr„ 18 months!
old, and daughter Felicia, 4 j
Eiquiel Carralez of San Mar- ;
cos, a member of the reunion i
group driving a car behind the •
Lopez car. told police that young
Lopez apparently went to sleep, i
The car was traveling at about j
70 miles an hour, he said. 1
jTraditional Easter Egg-Rolling
Scheduled at White House
The south grounds of the |
1 White House will be opened next j
Monday for the traditional
Easter egg-rolling, it was an
nounced today.
White House Press Secretary i
James C. Hagerty said the south- j
east and southwest gates of the
White House grounds would be
I open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. to j
admit children no more than 12 |
years old and the adults who
I accompany them.
He said l»resident and Mrs.
Eisenhower expect to greet the :
youngsters during the day. but
he could not say yet at what
time they will appear.
The Army. Navy. Air Force!
< and Marine Bands will provide
From Franco
Mme. Claude Salvy, attached to French
President Rene Coty’s press office, meets
her American counterpart, Mrs. Mary
Jane McCaffree, secretary to Mrs. Eisen
hower. See story of her visit on
Page B-3.
New York Markets, Pages A-16-17
Bom* Deliver?. Monthly Rat«» Evenini ana Bunaxj *175. c PS'MTQ
Eveninee onlv *1 SO: Banda* only «6c: Night Pinal lor additional •* viuit SO
Editing of Conversations
In Recordings Possible,
Police Bribery Trial Told
An academy award winner in
the field of sound told a Fed
eral Court jury today how tele
phones are tapped.
Phillip Martin, a motion pic
ture and sound consultant with
offices here, drew a chart for
the jury to show its members
how a minifone recording de
vice looks when it is used to
record telephone conversations.
“We call that a phone tap,”
he said.
The testimony was Riven in
the bribery and conspiracy trial
of two policemen and six al
leged gamblers in U. S. District
-iurt for the District of Colum
The use of the minifone to
record telephone conversations
is a point of dispute between the
Government and the defense,
with the latter claiming that
testimony about such recorded
conversations Is not permitted
in Federal courts.
Part of Government Case
i Such testimony has been a
part of the Government’s case.
Police Capt. Todd O. Thoman,
jr.. who investigated the bribery
I case, earlier had told of record
ing telephone talks he had with
1 the suspects. None of the re
corded telephone conversations,
however, was played for the jury.
On trial are Capt. James B.
Monroe, suspended 12th pre
cinct commander; Probationary
Detective George C. Prather,
suspended in the 13th precinct:
Roger W. (Whitetop) Simkins,
55, colored; Albert H. (Real
Estate) Smith, 45; Charles
(Geechie Charlie) Anderson, 40,
colored; Curtis M. (Bozo) Taylor,
39, colored; Jbhn (Lefty) Win
ston, 42, colored, and Burnle
King, 29. colored.
Capt. Thoman also had testi
fied earlier that he wore a mini
fone in a shoulder holster and
recorded his talks with the sus
pects during meetings with them,
mostly in parked cars at Bla
densburg road and Eastern ave
nue N E. Many of these face-to
face talks were heard by the
Won “Oscar” in 1947
Mr. Martin, who said he won
his “Oscar” in 1947 for his
.sound work on a movie called
' “House I Live In,” also testified
: about how such talks taken on
! a minifone can be edited. The
defense has Interjected hints
that the Government’s record
ings might have been edited to
change their meaning.
Under questioning by defense
attorney John Burnett Mr. Mar
| tin said it was possible, for
I example, to change the sentence,
See BRIBERY, Page A-6
I music throughout the day, Mr.
| Hagerty added*.
He said the Eisenhower grand
: children, who took part in the
ceremonies two years ago. will
j not be here this year. The Presi
i dent and Mrs. Eisenhower were
jin Augusta last year and the
! egg-rolling went on without
! them.
Asked what plans have been
i made for guarding the Presi
dent's golf green from the
j throng. Mr. Hagerty said that as
always for such affairs a tem
: porary snow fence will be erected
to divide the egg-roiling area
from the immediate vicinity of
the President’s office and the
Executive Mansion. The green
Is close to his office.
Maryland Tax
Plan Set Up
Avoids Any Increase
In Sales, Individual
Income Levies
ANNAPOLIS, April 4 (IP).—
The Maryland General Assembly
will be urged today to enact a
seven-point compromise tax plan
which studiously avoids any in
crease in the sales or individual
income taxes and contemplates
only a small hike for corpora
tions on income.
In addition to holding new or
increased taxation to a mini
mum conference committees of
the House and Senate also met
halfway on another politically
potent suggestion to cut the
counties and Baltimore City out
of some revenue.
The Senate had proposed
State retention of all revenue
resulting this year by withhold
ing income taxes starting July 1.
The conference committees rec
ommended the subdivisions get
only half of what would be their
normal share.
Other Points Included.
In addition to the withholding
tax and raising the corporation
income tax from 4 to 4Vi per
cent, the compromise includes:
1. Use of $250,000 in antici
| pated surplus money.
2. Passage of a bill giving the
12 horse-racing tracks a total of
: 34 more days, which would yield
3. Extension of the 2 per cent
sales tax to items not readily ob
j tainable in Maryland and leased.
This is estimated to be wortn
$2.5 million.
4. Equalization of the gross re
ceipts tax on public utilities at 2
. per cent for a net gain of
Extra Take Estimated
The conierence committee es
timate the total extra take of
their program will be $29,318,750.
The budget needs $28.4 million to
be balanced, leaving a surplus of
about $900,000.
Most of the new money will
be provided by the collection «f
income taxes at the source, a
total of $19,650,000. In addition,
the State will keep $4,336,000 of
the amount from the same source
which would have been redis
tributed to the subdivisions.
The withholding of income
taxes was one of the features ap
proved by all hands, including
Gov. McKsldin. But he had
recommended raising the sales
and income taxes both one per
cent to get the rest of the money.
One Form of Mild Relief
A mild form of tax relief also
is included in the program. All
deductions in figuring State in
come will be fixed at SBOO. Hus
band and wife now are allowed
SI,OOO each and S6OO for each
dependent. The new exemption
; will benefit only couples with at
least three dependents.
The compromise is the result of
long and sometime heated debate
across the conference table end
ing after 2 o’clock this morning.
The two conference committees,
five members for each house, had
been at work off and on since
Parts of each house's separate
list of recommendations were
adopted finally. The only new
items were inclusion of the tax
money to be derived from extra
racing days. A bill to award the
additional days was passed
the Senate and 'is up for House
Majority Leader Boone, Dem
ocrat. of Baltimore County, ex
pressed confidence "an over
whelming majority of the House”
would aaccept the compromise
plan. President Goldstein, Demo-
Al Scbacht's Story
Begins Today
] never wanted ta be anything but a
big league basebal' pitcher. Only a
"no-good bum" would wont such a
j thing, thought his mother. See tha
| first of 14 excerpts from the "Clown
Princes" outobiography on Poga
in the second of a series, tells how
tho Reds starved halt of their pris
oners tt death in the slave labor
camp in which he was confined.
Page A-18.
MIGRA TION—The farmer - worker
is a new type of person emerging in
contradiction to many ideas of eco
nomic behavioi in industrial migra
tion to the South. Poge A-3.
unhappy way to pick up nearly $2
million yearly in additional District
funds would be to raise the real
estate levy on property owners. See
the fifth of o series on Tha Financial
Crisis We Race. Page $-1.
Guide for Readers
Amusem’ts 8-11-12 Lost. Found A-3
Comics . $-22-23 Music ... 1-12
Classified 1-13-19 Obituary A-12
Crossword - B-22 Podio-TV $-20-21
Editorial . A-10 Sports A-13-IS
Edit’ l Articles A-II Woman's
Financial A-16-17 Section $-3-7
Have The Slat Delivered to Your
Home Oaily and Sunday
Dial Sterling 3-5000

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