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iwmi #ljU r t , v st - Isl HH|Hb ■ ■ jMK Ml —AP Wirephoto CREWMEN CLEAR TRAIN WRECKAGE—AIbany, N. Y.—Wrecking cranes begin the task of removing the wreckage of the New York Central Pacemaker, after it slammed into a rock slide Saturday night. The engine, a diesel, lies in four feet of water in the left foreground. More than 35 persons were injured in the accident. The engineer and fireman were injured seriously. OUR GREAT INDUSTRIAL MIGRATION v Farmer-Worker Emerges In South's New Order BT JOSEPH A. FOX Behind the story of America’s Industrial migration is a new sort of hero the farmer worker. He seems to break many of the established rules of economic Fourth of e Series behavior. But he is the man who has made the Dixie boom possible. As Northern industry, paced by textiles, moves into the Southeast, where trade unionism is anathema, it finds an abun dant—and complacent * labor force, ready and eager to earn the weekly pay check that means insurance against lean crops. Everybody Is Pleased Man and wife, sister and brother, even a grandparent or so on occasion, are joining in this trek from plow and milk shed to spindle and workbench Everybody is pleased. Employers are happy, because they know they are assured of a continuous and ample supply of tabor that won’t be causing trouble with union-backed de mands. And the workers are satisfied. They are used to long hours, and they find it both convenient and rewarding to head for the factory after their chores around the farm are done. Thanks to the transportation miracle of fast cars and good roads, which has revolutionized their lives, it make; little differ ence to them whether the mills are 3 miles away—or 30. Solves Their Big Problem No matter what outsiders may think of the. textile wages in the South, the arrangement suits these farm families. They know the drought last year would have caused far more hardship than it did in Dixie, had it not been for the fact that thousands of small farmers had the mill pay check to fall back on. Children don’t complicate the problem of working in the mills. They simply come into town to school in the morning as the parents go to work and then wait around the plant entrance in the LOST kaSQW. malt, black, tan and white; vie. Fairfax. Reward CR. bOXFOLD, rad and white, vicinity BaU gSgr 3^’»2i?° ctTlllc ' kd - Rc iy d BIRO DOG. black and white: lost vie. animal Roanltal. U. S. Rte. 1. Alexan dria. JA 5-4988 or RX. T-SBOU. Ext. MOT. Reward. BICYCLE, boy’a, 28-In.. Enallah Invtcta. black. French horn on handle bars: vie. Zoo. Reward if found or abandoned. MR WILSON. DI. 7-8259 or EM 2- 7117 ever BRACELET. IdentlScattoh. solid cold', man's: with name and address: between Dorchester House and Statier Hotel April 2. DR. 2-1600. —6 CAT, olaek. male, larie: white nawa and white tip on tall. Vlclnltr Chew Chase _ area. Reward. EM. 2-7380. —8 CAT, Siamese, teal point, female: an swers to “Tlns-a-Unc. vie. Bladensbuva. Reward. OH. 4-3061 after 8 ■ —6 CARDBOARD BOX. medium sixe. con taining Important personal papers: lost between 17th and Upshur and Porter st. Reward. RA. 8-1828; —« COCKER SPANIEL. blond, malr, missing g ftJR SCARF, mink. 4 skins; label otny": Sunday, vie. I.lth and Clifton n.w. Call CO. 5-0074 days. LI. 8-1244 eves. Reward. —8 GLASSES, gray frame, white case: Satur day afternoon, vicinity downtown. Call NA. 8-8284, —8 GRAY TOY POODLE. "Dickie Liberal reward. CO. 5-0288, 2854 Conn. ave. n.w.. Apt. 43. —5 _ RITTEN, Cray; child’s female pet: vie. Ellleott at. bet. 32nd and Linnean ave n.w. REWARD, EM. 2-1241. —5 KITTEN. Siamese, answers to name. "Poobah”: vie 41st and Davis pi. n.w. Reward. WO. 8-3472. —8 MATTRESSES <2>. between Shirley hwy.. Glebe rd. or Falla Church. Thursday nlxht Reward,*>2s. JE, 4-2031. —5 MOVIE FILM, 8-mm, exposed. Bureau PARAKEET, bins, mala, white crown: talks and whistles: vie. MacArthur and V at. n.w. WO. 6-2784. =?_ PARAKEET, female, turouolae: vie. 13th TOT FOX TERRIER, female no "collar —4 T vlf^f4W^sid b lsth" l /a! on' 4 }?*?! Jr. Sun. Reward. JO. 2-5811. Sites. lady'V rhinestone and larte pearls: vie. Oa ave. and Buchanan st. Reward. JU 9-3759 —8 WRIST WATCR. lady's cold and ruby. Cartier, lost Bat. afternoon bet. Leroy a) n.w. nnd Oarflnckel'a. REWARD. PE 2-7005. —5 FOUND - “ft JBfc T p ~°« CrOM - rWrf_ltea*mbloa collie. tan. female: rsreal Owner at cood afternoon until someone picks them up. Sometimes a young iouple with a baby or so will work different shifts in a textile mill. That way one can tend the home fires while the other is on the job. Out of this growing alliance between farm and machine a brand-new economic pattern is emerging. Most noticeable is the change in community living. All but gone is the feudalistic mill town with its shoddy hous ing and the “company store” that traded the scrip the workers received instead of hard cash. Now your farmer-worker is a landowner as well as homeown er. And even the non-farmer who chooses to live near his work more often than not owns his own home. The demise of" the company town actually began back in the old NRA days. One of those credited with sparking the re* form was “Mr. South Carolina” himself, James F. Byrnes, then a member of the Senate. But the trend has been greatly speeded in recent years. It is interesting to note, too, that some far-sighted textile operataf§4*» New England, years ago, souipt to develop a home owfiersfiip program of their own. They surmised, correctly, that a man who had his own place and could raise a garden would be much more contented than a tenement dweller. The Idea, unfortunately, was not carried through. One Southern mill official whose employes bought-out their “town,” says the change in ownership has worked wonders. A new and different Restaurant... -Os, GOLDEN STEER, OPENS TONIGHT FEATURING ' I ?’ A simplified menu based u HHHgV | on the very finest meats UP V P' : I obtainable in America, with « Among the taste treats the most tender aged, prime I All l blue-ribbon steaks . . . huge cuts \\ , M mjMm. of prime roast beef . . . giant * E||p; delicious, thick creamy rum pie. FREE PARKING 3634 SIXTEENTH STREET NORTHWEST RESERVATIONS—HUDSON 3-44 M i * ■ The miU owner who was a landlord had all the troubles— and unpopularity—that so often attach to that particular en deavor. Rents had to be cheap and upkeep was high, this offi cial recalls. And the places didn't look like much, consequently. Now the houses are kept clean and painted. Further, home ownership has developed a com munity spirit that was sadly lacking before. That is the crux of the de velopment. The Southern worker, new style, seems to have a maxi mum sense of security and peace of mind. Decentralize Operations This social renaissance also has been productive of another important development: Many big manufacturers have been de centralizing their operations as they move into the South. In ■ Mnjrljr building association Established 1929 1338 G StrMt, N.W. • STorling 3*8316 so doing, they are following a trail blazed by Henry Ford, whose theory was not looked upon as workable until recent years. Always on the l&okout for new “pools” of labor, these concerns scatter their production units through several States instead of centering activities in one local ity. The program has spread the benefits of profitable opera tions, and the operators find it more efficient, too. • But the key to it all Is the farmer-worker. And the speed with which he is proving able to : adapt himself to his new role has a great deal to do with Dixie's success in pulling indus try from the North. Southern industrialists have encountered little trouble in get ting employes to learn their jobs I by doing them—so long as a few Goflsy Is Appointed [ G.O. P. Press Chief; Was Tail Supporter. BY GOULD LINCOLN The appointment of L. Rich ard Guylay, a former Taft supporter, as director of public; relations for the Republican Na tional Committee Is in line with National Chairman Leonard W. Hall’s plans to bring all elements! of the party into a harmonious! drive for Republican victory in 1956. Another evidence of these i plans is a move now on foot to bring leaders of the Citizens for 1 Eisenhower' group formally into the Republicah organization. | Nor is the move to stop there. Rank and file members of these key men are on hand to get the neophytes started. This would seem to support the contention of a New England producer of print goods, who told this reporter that he could train first-class textile printers—an occupation requiring high skill in a year, as against the seven year apprenticeship demanded by the unions, which also limit the number of apprentices who may be hired. Leaders Defend Policies Southern lfeaders, who are ag gressively pursuing new in dustries, take sharp- exception to i the criticism that they are trad- j ing solely on anti-labor policies! and cheap Wages in this new re-; construction-fera. . ’ V ‘ ” i They know, of course, that the j labor set-up is their ace in the hole, for power, raw materials and transportation costs offer slight advantages over the rest of the country. But they strongly defend the policies on jyhich the North frowns. The Dixie wage level, they in sist. is equalized by low living costs. The Southerners simply view anti-unionism as their way of life. '' “We’re not raiding the poor old North for business,” scoffs a widely-known Southern banker industrialist. “We’ve got some thing to offer down here, and the North is coming to us.” That just about sums it up. Start HEARING BETTER May i 901 Washington Bldg. M 35 G St. N.W. DI. 7-0921 For families with a future •••only! Most families feel that someday—somehow—-they will enjoy more of the good things of life. * Actually, only those taking measures now to create a better future— not just waiting for something to happen—are likely to have their dreams come true. • One of the ways many Washington families use to bring a better future closer is a Union Trust Savings Account. They save regularly. month in, month out—before they start to spend, knowing that - systematic saving is the surest way to reach their goal. When you save at Union Trust, all deposits and withdrawals can be made by mail. Ask us about opr savings account services today at either convenient office. J Union Trust Company . OP THX DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA -Tltf SjrmM •/ fritndly BpnKnf 13th AH Streets, N.W. 14th St G Streets, N. W. Member Federal Depart Insmmue Corporation - t . y ft. —AP Photo. L. RICHARD GUYLAY pro-Eisenhower groups will be sought for regular party mem bership. In other words, an effort is being made to broaden the base of the G.O.P.—in two directions. Mr. Guylay’s appointment was announced yesterday by Chair man Hall. The new director of publicity is a former newspaper man who hgs been engaged in public relations in New York for the last 10 years. He is 42 years old. Worked as Consultant “Mr. Guylay brings to this job a broad background of public re lations experience and also a wide acquaintance among the political leaders of this country,” Chairman Hall said. “During the two years since President Eisenhower was elected, the Republican National Committee has frequently called upon Mr. Guylay as a consult ant, and he worked for us on a full-time basis during the final month of the 1954 congressional campaign.” Between 1946 and 1954. Mr. Guylay engaged in public rela tions activities for 10 candidates for the Senate and House, in- \F%EE] i; Kodak FILM !i ! A Fresh Doted Roll el Vtrichrome ! WITH BACH BOLL \> ! DEVELOPED AND FEINTED \\ Superfine by RITZ PHOTO LABS i: ii e„ra.u *7o< lj ONLY # W ' Quality Plus— ruitest Service ■ <lB 12th Street N.W. 1302 F Street N.W. F St. Start Opaa Thun., t ta • ‘) THE EVENING STAR. Washington. D. C MONDAY. APRIL 4, IMS eluding the late Senator Taft of Ohio when the Senator won re-election in. 1950 by a plurality of 431.000 votes. He later served as Senator Taft's publicity di rector during his 1952 campaign for the presidential nomination Mr Guylay formerly worked for the New York Herald Tribune and the Gannett news papers. Taft Foundation Trustee He is a trustee of the Robert A. Taft Memorial Foundation Let The Shade Shop MAKE YOUR PORCH INTO A "FAMILY ROOM" WITH JALOUSIES BEAUTY, YEAR-ROUND COMFORT, COMPLETE CONTROL OF LIGHT & AIR 1 Smart, modem jalousies can provide that extra room you always wonted—giving you on indoor-outdoor room all in one, the ■ pleasantest room in your house. Installed complete . . . Con be combined with Sliding Gloss Doors, as shown in illustration. Terms to 36 Months Everything New for the Window & Door May W. Call VENETIAN BUNDS . c .. . « New Vertical Blinds and Estimate? Wjndow Shades 8 A.M. to Metal Awnings Gr Canopies 9 P.M. Tension Screens M Folding Doors Sliding Glass Walls Bamboo & Woven Wood Products Traverse & Curtain Rods The Shade Shop agd AFFILIATED PRODUCTS 2212-2214 M Street N.W. RE. 7-6262 Formerly S3O 13th St. N.W. Serving Homeowners and Builders Over 52 Years ** A-3 't' Inc., and has been a director of n the National Association of Pub y lie Relation Counsel; and dlrec d tor and chairman of the na i- tional Admissions Committee of n the Public Relations Society of i. America. d As director of public relations d for the Republican National Committee, he succeeds James Bassett, who returned tojiis post as city editor of the Los Angeles Daily Mirror filter serving ■t through the 1954 congressional i, campaign and election.