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With >wnOoy Mernino Editwr WASHINGTON 4. D. C. Published bv THE EVENING STAR NEWSPAPER COMPANY Samuel H. KouHmann, Prtudtnt Benjomie M. McKelwoy, Mito# MAIN OFFICE’ I lib Sf and Pgnnsvlvanto Ava 14) NEW YORK: 420 U«in 8 »on A.a U7) CHICAGOt 221 N la Sail* Si H) DETROIT- Naw Cantvi Suilding 12) SAN FRANCISCO. Run Suilding (4) LOS ANGELES; 612 S Flow.. Si *l4l EUROPEAN SUREAU PARIS FRANCE. 21 Ruo P. Mm - Delivered by Carrier Rventne and Sunday Evanina Sunday Monthly 1.75* Monthly 1.30* Monthly 63c Wmklv .... 40r Weekly 30c Weekly IS> •10c additional *ec Night Final Edition Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance Anywhere *r the United State* Evening and Sunday Evening Sunday 1 rear 23 00 I yea. 17 00 I yea. 10 00 6 months 13.00 6 months ... 9.00 6 months «... 1.50 1 month 225 1 month 2.00 I month ..... 1.23 Teieohone Sterling 3-5000 Entered at the Post Office Washington O C.. os second class mail matter Member of the Associated Press sh« Associated Prfst is entitled exclusively to the use tot republirotion of all the locoi news orinted in this newsoooei os well os oil A f news dispatches A-20 * WEDNESDAY, April 13, 19SS Park, Shop Where You Like The free-parking-for-shoppers plan announced by a new organization, the Downtown Merchants Parking Association, should have wide appeal to customers of local business houses. It is a program that ought to prove mutually beneficial to stores and shoppers in this era of growing traffic and parking problems. Under the plan worked out in a series of conferences among Washington mer chants and parking lot operators, a pro spective shopper may choose his own park ing lot in the downtown section, receive his usual ticket and have it stamped by a sales clerk at the store. The stamped ticket will entitle the parker to the first hour of park ing free of all cost. The store stamping the ticket will pay the bill, as a courtesy to the customer. Some stores and nearby parking lots, already have limited arrangements of this sort. However, this will be the first time in any city that so broad a program has been undertaken. This plan involves more than courtesy to customers, of course. It is designed to improve downtown business that has been adversely affected by parking troubles and costs. Stores in the congested district have lost too many old customers because of the lure of outlying shopping centers, with plenty of parking space. The “Park where you like, shop where you like” Idea behind the new plan is a far step in the direction of arresting further defections and regaining lost customers. The move ment deserves support of the selling and buying public. Polio and Man at His Best The news from Ann Arbor —the im mensely heartening and dramatic evalua tion of Dr. Jonas E. Salk’s vaccine against poliomyelitis—is so good that even the usually restrained and conservative Amer ican Medical Association has not hesitated to hail it as “one of the greatest events in the history of medicine.” And the accolade is well deserved. For now, at long last, man seems very definitely to have conquered, or at least to have re duced to a relatively minor ailment, what has been one of his most pitiless scourges— an epidemic crippler and killer that has spread fear and tragedy among countless families throughout our country and the world at large for generations past. Never before has there been such a massive and monumental thing as the Salk test. Hundreds and hundreds of thousands of American children have participated in It, and the results have been measured and weighed by some of our best scientific and statistical brains. They are thrilling results. What they show is that the vaccine—which Is being rpass-produced through growth in a medium containing bits of kidney tissue from monkeys—is an altogether safe and decidedly potent immunizer. And this holds true for all three types of polio, particularly the bulbar typ£, which is the deadliest. In brief, according to the findings at Ann Arbor, the vaccine is between 80 and 90 per cent effective in terms of preventing the dread disease, and Dr. Salk has confi dently predicted that it will become—with further refinement —virtually 100 per cent effective. So the prospect before us, in this particular aspect of life, is exceedingly bright. True, certain matters have yet to be cleared up, including questions having to do with (1) the permanency of the im munizing process and (2) the time intervals to be followed in giving the three “shots” involved in that process. But still the great fact remains, despite the "iffy” fac tors, that the American people and peoples everywhere now are within reach of an agent that firmly promises to render them as immune to polio as to smallpox and ether once-terrible scourges. Dr. Salk, of course, is the immediate hero of this story. But his achievement, as he himself would emphasize, is the flow ering of a vast amount of preceding work by many other individuals and groups, in cluding the National Foundation for In fantile Paralysis. Indeed, through their contributions to the annual March of Dimes drive—the project inspired by Presi dent Roosevelt, the most famous of all polio victims, who died 10 years ago yesterday innumerable Americans have had a part in making possible today’s good news. Never has a larger common front been mobilized against a disease, and never has such a front won a greater victory. , Here, surely, is a story that shows man at his best—a story that demonstrates how he and his God-given genius are still ca pable of doing great good. Most of the time, because the world is divided into snarling armed camps, he seems to be Interested solely in devising ever-deadlier instruments of self-destruction, but his long and dedi cated fight against polio proves otherwise. Certainly, given a decent and enduring peace, man—American man, Russian man, man anywhere and everywhere—could be counted upon to work for life, not death, and to promote the well-being of all hu manity in all fields of existence. Nothing could better illustrate that point than the epic of the Salk vaccine. Formosa and Mr. Stevenson The Chinese Conqmunists, clearly im plying that they will resort to armed force if necessary, have repeatedly affirmed their determination to “liberate” Formosa under any and all circumstances. That is the chief fact to be kept in mind in considering what Adlai Stevenson, titular head of the Demo cratic Party, has had to say about the issue. Mr. Stevenson wants our Government to persuade our allies and all “uncommitted” powers to join the United States in a decla ration condemning the use of force »in the Formosa Strait. He also wants our country to try to have the United Nations General Assembly give voice to a similar declaration pending some final settlement of the island’s status—“by independence, neutralization, trusteeship, plebiscite, or whatever is wisest.” Meanwhile, apparently, he would like to see President Eisenhower make clear to everybody—on both sides of the Iron Curtain—that American strength will not be employed to defend the offshore Que moys and Matsus. Much of this sounds quite reasonable. As a matter of fact, even though the results thus far seem to have been less than satis factory, our Government has been seeking to have all parties agree to a declaration against force in the Formosa area. More over, as Chairman George of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee has indicated, the administration has been thinking for some time past about the advisability of pressing for United Nations action along that line. As for several of Mr. Stevenson’s other points—his statement of misgivings, his questions about the legal status and military value of the offshore islands, and his suggestion that those islandS should be handed over to Peiping—he has said noth ing new. The same points have been sub jected to exhaustive debate in Congress, and Congress has overwhelmingly rejected them in favor of the historic resolution wisely giving the President flexibility of decision on the Quemoy-Matsu relationship to For mosa’s defense. Mr. Stevenson’s speech, though rather eloquent, is less than' impressive for at least two other reasons. The first of these is that he has sought, while disavowing a spirit of partisanship, to argue that domes tic Republican politicking is responsible for the tense Formosa situation when actually the prime cause of that situation is Peiping’s threat to use force. And the second great deficiency in his thesis is the suggestion that the danger of an Asian war would be diminished, or eliminated, if the United States would only pressure Chiang Kai-shek into evacuating the Quemoy and Matsu Islands and handing them over to Red China. This is an extremely wishful suggestion at best. For the Chinese Communists, if they mean what they say, which they prob ably do, are uncompromisingly resolved to take physical possession of Formosa—by armed force if other means fail. In such circumstances, it seems colossally naive for Mr. Stevenson or anybody else to suppose that the appeasement of a Quemoy-Matsu surrender would serve the cause of peace in Asia. At the Bottom of the List / It would be natural to expect that the planning staff for the Nation’s Capital would equal or exceed in number that of any city of comparable size. For the plan ning problems here are varied and complex and the decisions made have national as well as local importance. Yet a listing of nine major cities in order of the strength of their planning staffs shows Washington in last place. This is a sorry commentary on the state of city planning at the seat of the Federal Government. The comparison was cited by John Nolen, jr., staff director of the National Capital Planning Commission, in testimony before a Senate Appropriations subcommit tee. The commission had asked for $57,000 with which to add 10 more staff members during the next fiscal year, but the item was deleted by the House .Appropriations Committee. The enlarged staff is necessary if the commission is to carry out added tasks and responsibilities imposed on it by Congress in connection with slum clear ance, urban redevelopment and other special and general planning for a Greater Wash ington. Congress ought not to direct the commission to do-these vital jobs unless it provides the extra facilities required to complete them. Balancing Safety and Economy There is no good reason why Arlington County’s public schools should be built to structural standards twice as rigid as those prevailing elsewhere in the State. The Ar lington School Board has shown good sense, therefore, in requesting the County Board to authorize a modified standard in accord with that approved by the State Depart ment of Education for all other parts of Virginia. The change to a less costly, al though still safe, type of construction should result in substantial savings to the taxpayers. The present building rules in Arlington call for floors in school structures capable of sustaining 100 pounds per square foot. The State-aoproved standard is 50 pounds per square foot. This floor strength has been found adequate for general school construction In other counties of the State. Safety of the children should be the pri mary consideration in fixing such standards, of course. But to pay for more expensive construction beyond the usual margin of safety required elsewhere is uneconomical. Letters to The Sta r... VIRGINIA AND INTEGRATION The article appearing in The Star of April 9, 1955, setting forth Virginia’s objections to integration was a sad commentary on American democracy. That any group of citizens could live in a country such as this and oe illiterate, unhealthy and in a low state of morality while we preach to other countries the virtues of the “American way of life” can only be looked upon throughout the world as the biggest piece of hypocrisy that could be im agined. Rather than deterring the Supreme Court from implementing its decision, every thoughtful American must see in the Virginia Attorney General’s statements all the more reason for in tegration, since those statements re flect the shocking price of segregation. Everything this State official has said points out the great need for Negro children to be afforded' the same edu cational opportunities as white chil dren have exfierienc^d. For 10 years the writer was em ployed in the United States Office of Education and had the opportunity to study at first hand the inequities in the distribution of educational funds to Negro children in Virginia and throughout the South. The inequities were shameful and they were pointed out in many studies made then and since that time (1930-1941). Had it not been for the Jeanes and Rosenwald Funds and other philanthropic agen cies the discrepancies between the edu cation of \yhite and Negro children would be even worse than that cited by the attorney general. Most of the data set forth by the attorney general regarding the health statistics are considered fallacious. Re liable health officers who have been consulted state that the vast majority of white persons suffering from syphilis or gonorrhea rarely are treated in pub lic institutions, but rather by their private physicians. Under these cir cumstances it is impossible to get a reliable figure since it is assumed that the figures used by the attorney gen eral are based on statistics compiled by public institutions. No private physi cian would divulge such information. For the country as a whole, in .1950 almost 45 per cent of Negro men had wage credits of less than SI,BOO as compared with only 15 pier cent of white men. It is to be expected then that Negroes might show a greater incidence of tuberculosis, since this disease thrives in underpaid, poorly housed, undernourished, uneducated families, and certainly Virginia has its share of Negroes in this category. The average wages paid Negro workers the kind of housing available to them in Virginia are all too well known. Virginia should hide its head in shame and should take immediate steps to correct the eduoational deficiencies about which it so brazenly and proudly boasts in its brief to the Supreme Court. Instead of taking steps to pro tect its citizens, white and black alike, the State now prefers to use its own laxity to prove a contumely—that its Negro youth is unfit to join Its white youth in common education. It would seem to me that the “psychology of the whites” involved here must be the overwhelming sense of guilt. Perhaps the State of Virginia should view its brief for what it really is—a condemnation of its own practice in allowing any part of its citizenry to go “ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished” and uneducated. Ethel Graham-Greene. * * The arguments advanced by the State of Virginia for delaying seflool integration are based on falsehoods No study ever made in this country has shown any significant relation between skin color and health. The differences cited in their brief are differences be tween social and economic classes, masked by the gratuitous splitting of children into “white” and “colored." Will any State politician in Vi’-'Unia claim that the children of, say, Negro physicians or lawyers differ in health from the children of white physicians or lawyers? Will they claim that the children of Negroes with a third-grade education or less and an income of less than SI,OOO a year differ in health from children of white parents of similar in come and education? Thanks to seg regated education, and general preju dice, Negro children will tend more often to come from families of de pressed economic status, but this is hardly an argument for continuing segregation. The State of Virginia is actually arguing against mixing social and eco nomic classes in its schoolrooms. There is a place for this argument, but that place is hardly a democracy. The State’s second argument rests on alleged differences in learning abil ity or scholastic achievement. If there is a real difference (and the odds are that no one was honest enough to check the validity of the study), what hap pens to the oft-repeated claim that separate facilities were equal? Are they now claiming that a Negro child of a given I. Q. did not, In an all-Negro school, have the same learning oppor tunity as a white child, of the same I. Q., In an all-white school? My goodness, what a rapid about-face. And how is this an argument against inte gration? Do they want 20 years to equalize facilities before integrating? To the old argument that facilities were equal, the Supreme Court said. This and That . . . Everybody has a secret admiration. Templeton Jones’ is for the poker faced person. * Although he would be the last to admit it. the one with a poker face <as the unsmiling visage is commonly called) strikes some chord in his heart. Is it because he belongs to the old school of those who somehow got it into their heads that faces should show expression? Watch the old folks, and you will see that they smile when smiles are due, elevate the eyebrows when necessary, and even shudder a bit at some appall ing news. Watch the youngsters and you will see just the opposite. They pride themselves, evidently, on not showing what goes on beneath the skull pan. They never shudder, seldom smile, and positively never laugh except at their own jokes * * Templeton Jones admires them. It they, in their turn, are pleased, perhaps they should not be, because Jones admires them because— , Well, just because they are so close to animals. Animals never smile. They go through life with the fur of their faces undisturbed. It is true that now and then a dog is more or less, “Bosh.” To the new argu ment. that facilities are too unequal for integration. I trust the court will say. more or less, “Fiddlesticks.” The State. In its brief, also suggests that the psychological needs of whites need to be considered. Who seriously thinks that segregation has been psy chologically injurious only to Negroes? Dyed-in-the-wool racists will not be any happier over integration in 1956 than they are in 1955. So why deny children, of whatever color, the benefits of integration for another year? Warren W. Morse. PROFESSIONAL APPRAISAL The Star is fortunate to be repre sented abroad by two such excellent correspondents as Crosby S. Noyes and James Roper. As one who spent many years abroad as a correspondent, I should like to offer them both my sincerest congratulations. Edgar Ansel Mowrer. IN PRAISE OF EISENHOWER President Eisenhower is unquestion ably one of the most competent and popular men to occupy the White House. His administrative capacity is outstanding and his ardent ad mirers and well-wishers are myriad. His genial personality, his radiant smile and his democratic manner rank high among his most valued assets. His kind and charitable heart is reflected in the little courtesies he takes time out oc casionally to extend to those who ap peal to him for the granting of some personal favor. For example, a few weeks ago he responded to a request from a woman centenarian for the privilege of visiting Juries % —Somerville, jatKson (Mist.) Btate-Timca “The Quiet Man” the White House on her 100th birthday. She was received by the President cordially and treated graciously, and he cheerfully added his autograph to one that she had received from Abra ham Lincoln. , Some time back, at the request of a little sick boy jvho was dying of an in curable disease, the President visited the victim of the cruel fate in his home and spoke sympathetically with him. —Justus, Minneapolis Star “A Lot of Fiddling” This charming and tender gesture on the part of such a busy man touched and warmed the hearts of all who be came aware of this mission of mercy. Politically wise, Mr. Eisenhower has exhibited remarkable aptitude and an uncommon flair for getting along with people. He has a difficult Congress to deal with, and not infrequently speeches delivered on the Hill are marked by criticisms and even personal affronts aimed directly at the White House. But there is never any sign of our President smarting under these dis courtesies, for his words are never intemperate nor are they colored by any show of vindictiveness. Mr. Eisenhower is undoubtedly a highly appraised public servant and it is hoped that those who are wantonly predicting that he will not run again in ’56 will find themselves when the next election year rolls around griev ously frustrated and embarrassed. C. A. L. caught in a facial pose that seems to be laughter. There is a very famous portrait of a cat that made a photographer famous— one may wonder If it ever brought him any money—just because the animal seem to be grinning from ear to ear. "The Laughing Cat,” it was called, but. of course, the cat was not laugh ing at all. The baring of the fangs, called laugh ing in humans, is not laughter when an animal does it. Then it is a baring of the fangs, as it is in fact. * * Laughter, therefore, even among the lords of creation, as men have some times laugningly been called, may be a very dangerous thing. It may conceal evil plans, intent to trick another, and even plain murder in prospect. You can never depend on a smile, even from one you love. It may con ceal a heartache. 3’emp Jones believes that the old school boys and girls have the better of it. It is a sign of humanity, really, to be able to show the emotions in the face. That is what faces are for. they feel ’What another says is then received as it would be. without the tensing of the facial muscles caused by a delib erate effort not to show emotions. Pen-names may be used if Letters carry writers? correct names and addresses. AH letters are subject to condensation. DIM VIEW OF MODERN ART Only a few short seasons ago, the Corcoran Gallery’s biennial show was worth seeing, with many works of in terest, some even of grandeur. Now. alas, the situation has sadly changed. Searching carefully wall after wall, one finds only three, possibly four, paint ings that one would care to even re member—and these are not the prize winners. Is this ths penalty for our fast moving modern age? Time was when art was one of the great professions close to the highest ideals and the most realistic joys of the people. But now tb2se many paintings, the so called cream chosen by so-called ex perts. seem a waste of wall space— cluttered up as they are with scavenger hunt type of objects, mutilated by slashes and slabs of paint. In only a (ew can one find the redeeming quality of good design this year. And the many vacant spaces which flash out like astonishing islands from seas of muddled mazes seem to indicate both vacant and muddled minds. And this is too bad, because these noisy and inept paintings do not represent the whole of art today. There are good painters, competent painters, even in spired and religious painters at work today. There are excellent teachers and the glory of art still lives. It seems that the wonderful gallery founded by the great W. W. Corcoran and still supported by' many truly art-loving people does itself a continuing injustice to ride the supposed band wagon in its national shows. Freedom of expression is a truly priceisss ingredient but it is not compatible with craftsmanship, and the glories of tomorrow can be built on the glories of yesterday. To say that we must start at the very begin ning every time in art, so that our work may be wild, primitive, unin hibited, is about as foolish as to say that when we write we must pretend we have no words so that we may be more like our cavemen forbears. How retarded would all our professions be if they assumed such an attitude. Transportation would be by foot or wheelbarrow; cooking would be back at the raw-meat stage. Os- course, civilization can have its surfeits and art its baroques, but somewhere in between is a golden mean. Let’s hope for a new Renaissanos in art here in America which will be more palatable to the majority of the people than that esoteric “raw meat,” raw color non sence which clutters up wall after wall until most lookers become somewhat “shockproof” and can’t even see the paintings, they begin to look so much alike. Perhaps some of these modern experts need a rest cure from so-called modern art. M. S. U. N. TECHNICAL AID PROGRAM The United Nations Expanded Tech nical Assistance Program, inaugurated in 1950, is today in critical danger. The League of Women Voters of the District of Columbia wishes to point out that this program is no mere one-way flow of aid from rich nations to their poor relatives. Rather it is a cross-fertiliza tion of skills between nations with simi lar problems. A Philippine malaria ex pert helps eradicate disease in Formosa. A Formosan fish breeder helps Haiti develop more profitable stocks of food fish. Yugoslavians work to raise Indo nesian leather production. India sends an agricultural statistician to Colombia. Financial support of this U.N.-tech nical assjstance program is entirely through voluntary contributions from member nations. Its budget has ranged from S2O million to $25 million a year, with the United States in the past giving more than half. For 1955, other U.N. countries raised their combined pledges to almost sl3 million, while the United States has made no contribu tion since 1954. At President Eisenhower’s request, a bill including $8 million to cover the United States contribution through June 30, 1955, went to the House Ap propriations Committee, which cut the item in half. The bill is now in the Senate, where, we most sincerely hope, the full $8 million will be restored. The League of Women Voters be lieves that such technical aid is one of the strongest bulwarks of freedom and economic progress in many troubled parts of the world. We urge all who share this belief to write to their Sen ators on the U. N. technical assistance item in Supplemental Appropriation Bill H.R. 4903. Mrs. John F. Latimer, President, League of Women Voters of D.C. FIFTY OF CITY'S FINEST My fellow donors at a recent visit to the Red Cross Blood Center were some 50 Washington policemen. During this off-duty period, I was impressed by their fine physical ap pearance, their genial courtesy toward everybody and their obvious conMht ment with fife. They were excellent examples of what I would like to call the “city’s finest." I’ll try to remember this the next time one of them gives me a hard look and a talking-to over some infraction of a traffic law I learned that their bark is worse than their bite, pro vided, of course, that the offense is minor. These men are a credit to the Federal City. Harley Reiter. By Charles E. Tracewell You can’t have it both ways—if you tense the muscles in self-imposed self control, you lose something that belongs to humanity. Is thl sthe reason, he asks, why some of the young people strike their elders as being inhuman, in a slight sense? The indignant answer, still witheffit any facial display of emotion, will be, and Jones thinks rightly, that it is not necessary to show a constant display of facial movements. Perhaps the younger sets have been too well schooled in the movies, where the dead-pan poker face holds a high place. There is a lovely lady in our neigh borhood who smiles most of the time, bless her. . > Two of the young children were in terviewing her. “Why do you smile all the time?" gsxed the older of the two. * * The lady was slightly taken aback. She wiped the smile off her face, for once. “Why, would you rather that I do not smile?” she asked. The little girl held her poker face calm. “When I talk, I talk," she reproved. So youth slaps age in the face once more, as always. Weird, Frightful Worms Live in Jungle Depths Some Bright-Colored, Others Are Sickly Hued BY THOMAS R. HENRY HENRY POTTER NATIONAL PARK, Venezuela.—Here is the realm of fan tastic worms. In the cloud-shrouded jungle there are earthworms the size of small ser pents which often are found in decayed hollows of high trees. The present specimens probably were born among the clouds but their ancestors must have scaled the trees. The lives of these tree-dwelling earthworms are essentially the same as those of earthworms everywhere. Small patches of earth in which they burrow rfre formed in the tree tops. Most spectacular of the cloud-forest worms are the giant tubellarla, or land planarians. One giant is from 6 to 12 inches long. They live on leaves and damp moss, usually on the forest floor. They are related closely to the ribbon worms which have been described as “26-inch ribbons of sheer brilliance.” One species is orange colored, shading at the edges into lemon-yellow with a jet-black band up the center. The giant worms are like flat bands of elastic and are capable of stretching to nearly twice their normal length when alarmed. Like Cold Molasses They apparently are among the least organized of all animals and break up easily into apparent blobs of slime. They are reasonably safe from other jungle animals because their "flesh” is quite inedible. As described by the naturalist, William Beebe, who spent many months studying the animal life of the cloud forest: To pry one loose and put it in a bottle is “like pouring thick, cold mo lasses mixed with thick glue. When frightened or annoyed they twist into knots and break into many parts.” Each of these parts is capable of be coming a new animal. The worms move over the moss at a speed of about 6 feet an hour. They are seldom seen and very little is known about their ways of life. A notable denizen of the cloud forest is a brilliant scarlet milliped, the poly gonoceras. It is a ground dweller, most often encountered among low bushes. The scarlet coat is crossed by varied numbers of black bands. Like all other millipeds, it is supposed to be entirely harmless and the brilliant coloring is camouflage to make it look dangerous. This cloud forest, where all life is rigidly protected, is one of the last refuges on earth for one of the most paradoxical of all animals—the half billion-year-old peripatus. It is half a worm and half an insect and a quite obvious link in evolution between these two major orders of animal life. To the casual observer it is a reddfsh brown, slow-crawling worm divided, as are many worms, into segments. It has nothing which Van be distinguished as a head, but zoologists say that when it is dissected a fairly advanced brain, for the worm family, can be found. But on each of its segments is a pair of extremely minute legs, to which no worm has any right. Various other de tails of its anatomy demonstrate its close ancestral relationship to the in sects. It is one of the first animals to ’ have left its fossil imprints in rocks. Eagerly Sought Fortunately, even here, it is very difficult to find, and this may account for it 6 preservation before the present strict laws were enforced. It is sought eagerly everywhere by collectors, but few ever have seen a living specimen. Here it lives around tree bottoms and in hollows high in trees. It is a worm hunter, living on various small insects. These it secures by shooting very slen der threads of sticky silk from its mouth, usually with deadly aim. The thread is drawn in when the game lias been bagged. The probability is that it hunts more or less at random. When one is placed on the back of the hand it "spits” continually, but the fluid is entirely harmless. It might easily en gulf a small insect. One can’t, of course, see everything in a few days spent in the shrouded jungle and must take the word of others for some of the natural wonders. Dr. Walter Arp, the present director, describes—Dr. Beebe also has written of them—weeds with what appear to be blotches of purple blossoms. When these are plucked, however, they turn out to be assemblies of tiny beetles, each about a fourth inch long, piled on top of each other in several layers. They are of an inedible species and hence are safe from birds and other insects. Dr. Beebe also describes a curious wormlike phenomenon which Dr. Arp has failed to find—a parade along jun gle paths of groups of hundreds of maggots, the larvae of some fly. The moving mass, liver-colored, looks like a single animal with a head and tail. The shape of the mass, however, changes frequently from wormlike to oval. It consists of from three to five layers of the maggots. All are blind but there are definite leaders of the procession who project in front like a head. The mass moves as an apparently organized whole about eight feet an hour. Triumphant Alliance Across the lands and seas where cold wars tremble With freezing forces pressing like a pall Have come to hoping hearts that now assemble Three joyous words: "The vaccine works!” And all The world seems lighter, bright with sudden splendor. No longer can that crippling, killing foe Attack our youth—no more need they surrender To iron lungs, to life sidelined and * slow. Beholden are we to these men of science. Masters of one more mystery, they’ve made With work and love and Qod a sure alliance, Giving to us the help for which we've prayed. Such union triumphsl This long battle done Gives faith and hope for warring not yet won. Jean C. Mtrgard.