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THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C. sckpat, Aran, it, less VIRGINIA: 'Young Turk' Leaders Vanish From House BY ALEX R. PRESTON No matter how the primary turns out, “Young Turks” in the Virginia House of Delegates will be without their three most capable and experienced leaders in 1956. Two of them, however, may wind up in the staid and sometimes stodgy State Sen ate—where Young Turks are vastly outnumbered. No serious challenge of or ganization domination of next year’s Virginia General As sembly is reflected in last week’s filings for the Demo cratic primary on July 12. Death, retirement and re districting caused a few down the-line oldtimers to drop by the wayside. But the outlook Is that they will be replaced by other equally loyal Byrd organization leaders or, in a few cases, by the so-called Young Turk element. Tax Fight Virginia’s Young Turks 11-e n’t "anti-organization.” But once in a while they kick up their heels and refuse to hew to the line When they think a principle is involved. Take last year: They fought bitterly to get some $7 million in tax credits diverted for use on mental hospitals, colleges and other needs. They wound up with over $2 million after a bitter battle with conservative Byrd organization leaders. They buck the organization on such things as the poll tax (they’re for repeal) and for strengthening the notoriously misued absentee voting law. The key men among the Young Turks in the House were Delegates Armistead L. Boothe of Alexandria. Stuart B. Carter of Fincastle and former Dele gate Walter Page of Norfolk. Mr. Page already has re signed to take a judgeship. Mr. Boothe is running for the new Alexandria senatorial dis trict seat created by a recent legislative reappointment act. And Mr. Carter is running to fill a Senate vacancy. Test Race Hiis last race is. perhaps, the best proving ground any where in the State to show what voters think of last year’s Young Turk rebellion on the tax credit law. There were “Carter amendments" just as there were “Boothe amend ments” to the budget bill de signed to suspend the tax credits so the money could be used for other purposes. Mr. Carter’s opponent. Dele gate Hale Collins of Covington, is a down-the-llne organiza tion man and championed its cause in floor debate on the tax rebate. This test was made possible by the decision of Senator J. C. Carpenter of Clifton Forge DISTRICT: Consultants Struggle With Maze of Zoners BY HECTOR McLEAN One of the most complex problems facing the consult ants hired to help revise Washington’s zoning is the na ture of the Federal City itself. It is the same problem that underlies every question of District finances, home rule and all major governmental construction: How to balance the interests of the Federal Government with those of the local resi dents. The zoners ran into it at the very start of their work. The law says the new zoning map, and regulations which go with It, must be based on a com prehensive plan for develop ment of the city. Thus, when Consultant Har old M. Lewis and his Washing ton representative, George S. Gatter, went to work, they asked in effect, “Where’s your comprehensive plan?” This, Mr. Gatter explains, is somewhat like the questions an architect would ask when called in to design a house: “How big is your family and, therefore, how big must the house be? How much do you want to spend? What special features do you want?” They found that the only comprehensive plan for the development of Washington is that put out by the National Capital Planning Commission in 1950.. After reading it, they declared it was not nearly de tailed enough for them to use as a guide. Plan Is Spurned Also, they discovered, the plan is not accepted—even in its broadest outline—by the District officials who must do the actual work of developing Washington as they build bridges, highways, schools and other projects that change the face of a city. In practice, the how and where of each project is worked out piecemeal, with Congress frequently called on to arbitrate battles between the city's operating officials and the commission One basic trouble is that a majority of planning commis sion members are representa tives of the Federal interest. They naturally consider the elty in its role as a National Capital rather than as a city of some 900,000 persons which suffers from spiraling expenses and taxes. Another problem Is that I —a conservative—not to run again. , In the nearby area, two of Arlington’s five candidates for the House practically adver tised their Young Turkish leanings. Both. Mrs. Kathryn Stone and Harrison Mann, in their formal announcement for renomination, boasted of their votes on the tax credit issue. Fired President It is hard to assay on short notice the type of candidate running in Fredericksburg against Delegate Francis B. Gouldman, usually identified as an organization supporter. His opponent is Dr. Morgan L. Combs, fired 10 days ago as president of Mary Washing ton College, the women’s col lege of the university. Dr. Combs, a cousin of Sen ator Byrd’s watchdog on the Legislature—Senate Clerk E. R. Combs—made no formal announcement of his candi dacy. But at the time of his discharge he said ‘l’m not go ing to take this lying down.” which has made a lot of peo ple wonder. Later, he said his decision to be a candidate had nothing to to with his ouster. Delegate Robert Whitehead, a frequent thorn in the side of the organization leadership and an out-and-out “anti,” has clear sailing for renomina tion in Nelson County, where he is unopposed. He has said his “sails are set” to make the race for Governor in 1957. The Whitehead Influence may be felt in another con test in Washington’s suburbs. In Fairfax County, Delegates Omer L. Hirst and John Webb are seeking renomination but one of them might have to yield to a third candidate, At torney Lytton H. Gibson of Falls Church. Both Mr. Webb and Mr. Hirst sided with the Young Turks on most issues in 1954 but of the two, Mr. Hirst is more in sympathy with some of the views of Mr. Whitehead. Mr. Gibson, on the other hand, has been identified with local organization politics. Fairfax 'Againsters' This has led some to the opinion that the challenger may center most of his fire on Mr. Hirst during the forth coming campaign. It should be remembered, however, that Fairfax voters have a long record of voting against the conservative organization. They repeatedly elected former Delegate Edwin Lynch —another Whitehead devotee —until he voluntarily retired. They voted for State Senator Charles R. Fenwick over the organization’s choice, while the National Capital has a planning commission, the District of Columbia—in its role as a domestic city—has no centred planning agency to correlate its land buying and building. It can be argued that all of this should be done by the National Capital Planning Commission, but it is not. Actually, much planning -is done by the individual city de partments, many of which have their own small staffs of planners. Conflict Among Planners This in itself causes trouble, for the separate planning staffs frequently work at cross purposes—most clearly illus trated by the conflict between bridge plans of the District Highway Department and those of the planning com mission. Then, when the Fine Arts Commission proposes that a tunnel be built instead of any bridge at all, the situation is even more confusing. Running into this maze of confusion, the zoning con sultants still looking for some generally acceptable standards to guide them— have persuaded the Citizens’ Advisory Committee set-up to work with them to call for development of a compre hensive plan agreeable to both Federal and local in terests. Chairman of this group is Thomas J. Groom, president of the Bank of Commerce, who has said his committee is will ing to see the planning com mission’s incomplete 1950 “comprehensive plan” used as the basis for creating the Anal document. Money Problem One reason the commission's plan has not been completed sooner, its staff director says, is that money and manpower have never been available. And, when John Nolen, Jr., the staff director, asked for 10 more planners at a cost of 957.000 to help complete the comprehensive plan—as well as to aid in the zoning revision, work on urban redevelopment and slum clearance—the House of Representatives denied him the money. What happens next is up to the Senate, which has been asked to give Mr. Ndlen the money. Many other problems wilt follow, but answers will have to wait on the Congress. •Pi Kathryn Stone Boastt of tax itand. Thomas B. Stanley, in the gubernatorial pnmary two years ago and then voted for Republican Ted Dalton over Mr. Stanley In the general election. Earlier they voted for the anti-organization leader. Francis Pickens Miller over John Stewart Battle for Governor in the 1949 primary and three years later gave Senator Byrd a bare 300-vote lead over Mr. Miller. A ticklish, race in another Northern Virginia area was made less so when one of the candidates backed out. That is in the newly created 29th Senatorial District where the veteran Senator, Robert O. Norris, jr„ of Lancaster, de cided not to run again. At first it was a three-way race that appeared to throw the odds in favor of John Gal leher, Manassas publisher. That was because a fight had developed down in the other end of the* district in the Northern Neck section between William D. Williams of Co lonial Beach and Blake T. Newton of Westmoreland, president of the State Board of Education. 'Native Son' Votes It looked like Mr. Galleher would reap most of the "na tive son” loyalty votes of the more populous Prince William County while the other two di vided the ballots in the sparse ly settled lower counties. Then Mr. Williams with drew and gave his support to “O, to be in HThe poet's sentiments become ours, on a morning when some of Perpetual’s mail is t stamped with the likeness of a lovely young Queen. Our thoughts keep turning, in a spring-feverish sort of way, to Perpetual’s customers, now living in the British Isles. What if common sense does tell us that spring in Washington is not without its merits? Or that ™ S chilly April rains are not unknown in England? For, after all, what has logic to do with the urge to roam the Lake Country of Wordsworth’s poems? ... to see the Thames at twilight and Jw hear Big Ben boom out the hour? But no lack of logic is found in America’s admiration for Britain. Proud we well may be to speak the language of the nation whose gallantry was never bombed out, whose spirit was not crushed by toppling walls, whose valor created the miracle called Dunkirk. We’re happy that so many of our friends and customers can enjoy a stay in Britain. We’re pleased * /I that these former Washingtonians send their savings back to us, since this proves that these i I Americans in England, like all of Perpetual’s nearly one hundred thousand savers, know y ™ J that no matter how far their money has to travel, it’s safe and secure * Jglr P mer * cas outs tanding savings and loan. (f* :* WMF ■Bmßk 1 Jl •YHp— THp*' Sa ■ ’ tOWAAD C. BALTI. AHfIOMNT T WASHINGTON 11TH AND E STREETS. N W ST. 3-7700 f IPEtVR 4 WmmmMMmBHIaaSmKmUHBM * btthesda-chevy CHASE: 69«0 Wisconsin ave . ol 2-7000 I AMrrs own •iva.oeo.ooe r ** t ** t * 10.. IN.WNA-C. ft*l... MOMC 10,0 PERPETUAL’S FAMILY OF SAVERS EXTENDS AROUND THE WORLD t j » • 1 4 . , , II i fc- i * < T >1 Harrison Mann One of tho "Young Turks.” v WF * \j^B Armistead L. Booth* Seeks new seat. Mr. Newton. Simultaneously other announcements made It appear that the lower end of the district, made up of seven counties, was lining up solidly. Delegate W. Tayloe Murphy, an organization wheelhorse, announced his candidacy for renomination and former Del egate Charles F. Unruh of Westmoreland issued the neg ative statement that he would not be a candidate. Mr. Unruh is a supporter of Mr. Newton in the Senate race. Mr. Murphy had not given an indorsement but some of his backers are politically close to Mr. Williams, whose with drawal simplified matters con siderably for Mr. Newton. MARYLAND: Montgomery County Nettles Politicos BY GENE GOODWIN You could build a small for tune for yourself if you got a nickel for every time some Maryland legislator or politi cal leader has suggested that Montgomery County be given to the District of Columbia, or Virginia, or back to the In dians. And not always are such proposals made in jest. Montgomery County has be come somewhat of a pain in the neck to the vested political interests of the State and the other 22 counties because it has insisted upon being dif ferent. In the family of Maryland counties, Montgomery is the wealthy Bohemian. Eight Distinctions Its status as the wealthiest per capita county in Maryland and one of the wealthiest in the Nation is enough by itself to set Montgomery apart from Its cousin counties, but there also are these other significant differences: 1. It is the only Maryland county with a charter form of government, which means that it can do a lot of things for itself that other counties can do only through the State Leg islature. 2. It is one of the two coun ties with a county manager, and Anne Arundel County gives its manager considerably less authority and status than does Montgomery. 3. It is the only county which does not elect its chief fiscal officer. Montgomery’s director of finance is appoint ed by the county council. Treasurers are elected in the other counties. Montgomery, in addition, has several other county positions which do not exist in other counties and has, as a result, the largest bureaucracy of any Maryland county. 4. It is one of eight coun ties with a dispensary system for selling liquor through county stores, but the only one that maintains a county monopoly over the sale of beer as well. 9. It is the only county that elects its School Board. Boards in Baltimore City and the other counties continue to be appointed by the Governor. 6. It is the only county with a county-wide public kinder garten program and one of two with a public junior col lege. Baltimore City, which is located in no county, has both kindergartens and a junior college. 7. Under terms of Mont gomery's latest reform, en acted by the recent Legisla ture, it shortly will become the only county with a lower court system to be known as the people's court, which will con sist of three full-time judges appointed by the county coun cil. The other counties have gubematerially appointed trial magistrates, most of them part time, presiding in their lower courts. Hopkins' Comment No wonder then that Dele gate Sam Hopkins, during de bate in the House two years ago on some Montgomery reform proposal, was able to describe Montgomery as “our experi menting county.” Mr. Hopkins, now the Re publican candidate for Mayor of Baltimore, said he thought it was a good idea for the Legislature to , allow Mont gomery to experiment with various governmental reforms so the other counties would be able to observe which ones merited State-wide adoption. Mr. Hopkins’ tolerant atti tude has not always been shared by most of the other legislators, many of whom fear the extension of some of Mont gomery’s reforms to their own counties. Their fears are fed by another Montgomery phe nomenon—the abundance of Montgomery spokesmen at practically every hearing held at Annapolis during a session, particularly on such reform proposals as the constitutional convention, auto inspection and roadside control. Legislators from other parts of the State sometimes get the idea that Montgomery is try ing to remake Maryland in its own image. And that, in away, is true. Montgomery reformers have found that only so much can be done locally. If they want compulsory auto Inspection for Montgomery, for example, they have to persuade the rest of Maryland to go along. Frequently, the prejudice in some high political circles against anything from Mont gomery is enough to stymie certain State-wide reforms desired by Montgomery lead ers. situation is not helped any by the fact that REVIEW OF THE WEEK Continued From Page A-25 all hands to renounce tlje use of force in seeking their objec tives. This is the same thing as a cease-fire, broadly speak ing, and Red China has round ly rejected this idea once. Mr. Dulles himself used very simi lar words, about renouncing force as a means of obtaining * objectives, in a radio-television speech several weeks ago. What hope the United Na tions would have of persuading Communist China is hard to see. As both Senator William Knowland of California and Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon pointed out last week, the U. N. is not getting far in its campaign to persuade Peiping to release the 11 Amer ican flyers jailed on trumped uq charges. After the Stevenson speech last week, Mr. Dulles claimed, in effect, that the Democratic candidate for president in 1952 was trying to steal the Repub lican program. This sounds something like Mr. Stevenson’s 1952 remarks about the Eisen hower farm program. At least over the important aspect of defending Formosa there was no disagreement between the major parties. But the Democrats were re considering whether American prestige in Asia and Chinese morale could withstand the shock of another retreat under Chinese Communist pressure. This time it was the Demo crats who seemed to be aban Montgomery—again, because of its Bohemian ism—has virt ually no representation on major State boards and in State offices. Out of Step * Montgomery County cer tainly can be proud of its progress of recent years and of those reforms that have ful filled their promise. But it must learn to live with the awkward situation of being out of step with its State, or vice versa. doning the policy of contain ment. BRITAIN Eden Sets Election For May 26; Queen To End Parliament The widely anticipated an nouncement of British parlia / mentary elections came Friday night. Prime Minister Anthony Eden set May 26 as the date. Queen Elizabeth will dissolve Parliament May 6, after it has acted on the Conservatives’ new budget. But politicking has already started full tilt. Sir Anthony has high hopes that the combination of dis array in the opposition Labor Party and prosperity at home will help the Conservatives in crease their present 322-seat majority in the 625-member Parliament. Controversy over ousting or keeping Aneurin Bevin has split the Laborites. A fresh mandate from the people would also strengthen Sir Anthony’s hand in the round of diplomatic confer ences that loom ahead. Next month's North Atlantic Treaty Organization meeting of for eign ministers no doubt will hasten the day of another Big Four conference, especially in view of the Russians’ conces sions on an Austrian treaty.