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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 20, 1955, Image 4

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••• THE SUNDAY STAR. Washington, D. C.
St'WDAY. KOVOIMB M. IMS
Middle Eastern Leaders
Gather for Bag hdad Tal ks
BAGHDAD. Iraq, Nov. 19 UP). —lraqi soldiers stood guard today
over an earth-colored modern brick palace where the prime min
isters of four strategic Middle East countries will meet Monday
to plan a common defense against Communist aggression.
Pull security measures were ordered at the railway station,
elrport and other areas of this ancient city.
The prime ministers of Iran,
Iraq. Pakistan and Turkey—all
neighbors or near neighbors of
Russia—were due to sit down
Monday with British Foreign
Secretary Harold Macmillan for
the initial meeting of the live
nation Baghdad defense alliance.
The pact, completed only last
month with the adherence of
Iran, links with the North At
lantic Treaty Organisation to
the west and the Southeast Asia
Treaty Organization to the east
in what Is virtually a globe
girdling defense system.
King to Give Reception
All the visitors, including For
eign Ministry officials and mili
tary chiefs, are due in Baghdad 1
tomorrow in time for an after
noon reception offered by 20-
year-old King Faisal of Iraq.
Hussein Ala. Premier of Iran,
who escaped with a scratch from |
a would-be assassin Thursday,
is scheduled to arrive by train.
Mr. Macmillan and Premier.
Adrian Menderes of Turkey and
Mohammed Ali Chaudhri of
Pakistan and their stalls are
coming by air.
Mr. Macmillan told reporters
on leaving London tonight the
meeting “is an opportunity to
show how many countries of
diverse races, religions and his-,
tories, all Interested in the future
of the Middle East, are deter- j
mined to work together for peace
and prosperity.”
He said he considered the
meeting “of considerable sig-;
niflcance and importance.” and
added the pact will be both
military and economic.
Will Meet in Palace
The first council meeting, with
Prime Minister Nuri said repre
senting Iraq, is scheduled for
Monday morning In the Al
Zahour (flower) Palace across
the wide Tigris from Central
Baghdad.
In Washington, the United
States Government today an
nounced its "military and politi
Caliph of Fez Is Slain
Outside Sultan's Palace
RABAT, French Morocco. Nov.i
19 V P).—Morocco’s era of good’
feeling was shattered today by
a bloody political murder in the
courtyard of Sultan Sidi Mo
hammed Ben Youssef’s palace.
The fact that the Sultan was in
side the palace laboring to find
means of keeping the peace in
Morocco emphasized the diffi-!
cutties this French protectorate
faeM.
At least two of a group of
Moroccan notables who formed
to pay homage to the recently
returned monarch were dead and
five others wounded. Two of the,
wounded were not expected to
recover. There were reports two
more Moroccans were killed in
scattered brawls on the great
meadow just outside the palace.
Hie top man killed was Kha
li® Berdadi, an Important ca
liph of the. old religious capital
of fez, where terrorists had made
three attempts on his life pre
viously. Recognized in the pal
ace courtyard by his political
enemies, he and his bodyguard
mare beaten and trampled to»
death.
Guards Halt Melee
The famed palace "Black
Guard” quickly surrounded the!
melee but not before the knives!
and guns.had done their work.
A spokesman for the Istiqlal
(Independence * Party blamed
the incident on what he said
was the fact the volunteer po
lice of his party no longer were
responsible for the maintenance
of order in the palace, as they
have been since the return of
the Sultan Wednesday. The re-;
sponsibility had been shared!
with other Nationalist groups, ]
The dead caliph was a sup
porter of former Sultan Mo-!
hammed Moulay Ben Arafa and!
had come univlted to make his,
peace with Ben Youssef.
There had been mattered vio
GLORIA VANDERBILT QUITS HOLE
IN SINATRA'S FIRST WESTERN
HOLLYWOOD, Nov. 19 </P>. —An informed source says
Gloria Vanderbilt withdrew from a costarring role in Frank
Sinatra’s first Western because her part wasn’t big enough.
The singer-actor will play in “Johnny Concho” a swag
gering young man who terrorises a town with the help of
a gun-slinging brother. Gloria would have portrayed the
town storekeeper’s daughter. #
Neither Mr. Sinatra hor director Don McGuire would
say why the poor little rich girl, whose name has been linked
romantically with the crooner’s, hastily left last night for
New York City.
Mr. Sinatra’s company said only that she had with
drawn from the picture “by mutual agreement.” A source
close to the production compared Gloria’s proposed role with
Grace Kelly’s in "High Jtoon” and added:
“Like all Western heroines, that role did nothing for
Grace. People don’t even remember she was in the picture.
That’s because good Westerns are always a man’s picture.
"Gloria no doubt feels she was going to be unnoticed,
too. so made certain demands that her part be built up.
The demands were turned down.”
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cal laison” with the pact. United
' States observers are going to
Baghdad for the council meet
ing.
But in Moscow, the Literary
Gazette condemned the pact as
‘the creation of new aggressive
> alignment” and as “a subsidiary
f of NATO.”
The Baghdad conference, due
* to end Wednesday, is expected
t to be devoted largely to setting
’ up a NATO-style permanent or
ganization to implement the al
liance
The four Middle East mem
bers. with a total population of
. about 125 million, now have an
I estimated 50 divisions under
arms.
,! 1
AP Editors Close
Colorado Session
• .COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo.,
Nov. 19 (VP).—The Associated
Press Managing Editors Associa
tion ended its 22nd annual meet-j
ing here today with a look aheadi
at its continuing study program
for 1950.
The panel discussions occupied
the final business session.
Tom C. Harris of the St. 1
Petersburg (Fla.) Times. Byron
Harless, personnel director of the
: Times, and James S. Pope of the
{Louisville Courier-Journal dis
cussed personnel hiring tech
niques.
John Bloomer of the Columbus
(Ga.) Ledger, J. C. Mahafiey of
the Texarkana Gazette and.
Mason Walsh of the Dallas!
Times-Herald reviewed the ac
complishments of the four-day
meeting and suggested new ap
proaches to the association's
continuing study of ways to help
improve news reporting tech
niques by their own papers and
the Associated Press.
.ilence in Morocco throughout the
I period of negotiations with the
French and the Sultan's ex
i pec ted return. But the princi
pal figures have made a show
of attempting to keep order and.
the Sultan himself has beeu gen
erally forgiving to his former
opponents. The blbddy incident,
in the palace courtyard under
lines the fact that despite re
cent developments, old antag
onisms run deep in Morocco.
Violence Spreads
The violence in the palace;
couftyard was reflected in beat-'
'lings and fights among thousands
'of Moroccans waiting In the
meadow around the palace hop-;
ing to be received by the Sultan.
They spent the morning dancing
and counter-marching, singing
old songs, clapping, cheering and
shouting slogans like “death to
1 traitors and infidels.” There
were even more cheers for Na
tionalist guerrillas still in the
| Riff mountains.
| There was also trouble In the
southern capital of Marrakech,
home of powerful Ihaml el
Glaoul, where a political fight in
: the main square killed at least
ijtwo—a local official who shot one
i of his enemies and was in turn
. beaten to death hr a mob.
ij After the violence in Rabat.
I the Sultan came out on the plat-
I'form from which he delivered a
speech yesterday, apd appealed
sto the crowd to* go home. The;
t! great meadow, which is sur
' rounded by a wall, emptied j
t peacefully.
J The Sultan suspended his au
* diences and promised to visit
■many centers of Morocco indi
vidually. As*a precaution, road
■j blocks were set up on some roads
I leading to Rabat. Some Mo
> roccans were turned back and
some Nationalists expressed re
■ sentment.
RUSSIANS LUNCH IN INDIA—New Delhi.—Rus
sian Premier Nikolai Bulganin (left) and Soviet
Party Boss Nikita Khrushchev (right) flank India’s
Early Return
Due La Prensa
t
1 1 BUENOS AIRES. Nov. 19 (A 3 ).
—A member of the new Argen
tine provisional government said
tonight the newspaper La Prenza
l will be handed back to the
Gainza Paz family very soon,
ilt was expropriated during the
dictatorship of Juan D. Peron
1 and given to his labor organ!-
■ zation CGT.
The cabinet minister, who
. asked not to be identified by
name, said he spoke on the basis
of a general Impression in gov
ernment circles.
\ “Personally.” he added. “I
'■<would push for a quick settle
l,ment of the case, on which there
; should not be any doubt in any
democratic person’s mind.”
'Provisional President Pedro
Aramburu told a visiting party
from the United States on
Thursday that the paper would
be returned to its rightful owners
as soon as possible. Dr. Alberto
Gainza Paz is in New York wait
ing to be called back as editor.
Government sources with very
close connections said the ten
tative plan la to return La
Prensa to Gainza Paz ownership
provisionally while the courts
decide finally on Its disposition.
La Prensa was founded in 1899
, by Joee C. Pas ami run by him
and his heirs until it was con
fiscated by the Peron govern
ment in January. 1951. and
handed Over to the labor organi
zation that now has been dis
banded in the poet-Peron era.
The cabinet minister speaking
on the subject said .that since the
CGT was dissolved thia seek,,
there can no longer bis any ques
tion of labor concern over what'
happens to La Prensa.
Talks Fail to End Tieup
On 18 U. N. Admissions
; UNITED NATIONS. N. Y.,1
Nov. 19 l/P).— A United States
, delegation spokesman said late l
today a Soviet sponsored Big!
Four luncheon meeting failed! to i
solve the East-West deadlock,'
over admission of 18 countries )
to the United Nations. {i
The group met at the Soviet, 1
offices with V. V. Kuznetsov. a;j
, Soviet deputy foreign minister, •
■as host.
sj Henry Cabot Lodge, jr., of the j
( United States, Sir Pierson Dixon
of Britain and Herve Alphand 1
of France and their advisers at- {
! I tended.
1 1 The spokesman said the four ,
l ! are continuing consultations over
({the week end. ,
■ A group of 25 of the 60 United
''Nations members has approved a ,
package deal under which 13,
■ Western- sponsored applicants ,
i and five Soviet satellites would ,
■ lie admitted together. The group, (
■ led by Canada, has introduced
i a resolution for the General As
■ aetnbly to act on. * \.
I The United States has agreed '
’ dot to vote against Albania, Hun
gary. Romania and Bulgaria
all Soviet satellites—but has
made no secret of opposition to
Outer Mongolia. The Soviet
Union, through Mr. Kuznetsov ji
and others, has made it clear !
that unless Outer Mongolia has
clear sailing for membership the
Russians are ready to veto the i
applications of all others—in- i
eluding Spain, Japan. Italy, Aus- >]
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Touring Soviet Leaders
Offer Know-How to India
NEW DELHI. India. Nov. 19
.UP). Soviet Premier Nikolai
Bulganin and Party Boss Nikita
;S. Khrushchev sought today to
bring their country still closer
to this land of Gandhi with an
offer to “share” Russian exper
ience in atomic energy, industry
and electric power.
The offer came during the
first full day of their visit to
India, taken up with sightseeing
and a public meeting attended
by more than 150,000 persons.
The two leaders used the occa
sion to seek strengthening
of Soviet-Indian ties, but
Prime Minister Nehru gave no
hint whether be is reedy to
convert already cordial relitlons
Into a firm embrace.
; Mr. Nehru did, however, drop
a veiled warning in his guests’
hearing that he would never
permit India's 307 millions to
fall under Communist rule.
Nevertheless, the general opinion
here was that this had been a
good day for the Russians. West
erners here expressed belief to
night that no country in the
world stood closer to India than
Russia.
The sightseeing tour gave the
Spingarn, Wilson Clubs
Will Meet Jointly
The German clubs of Spin
gam and Woodrow Wilson High
Schools will hold a joint meet
ing at 4 pm. Tuesday at Spin
garn High School.
To feature movies on Ger
many and Austria, refreshments,
recorded German music, and
group and individual singing.
E“~e program will also deal with
sms to set up tnter-school edu
tional contests In high school
foreign languages.
trie, Ireland and eight others—
when the applications come be
fore the Security Council.
Each applicant for membership
must be approved by a two-thirds
{vote of the 60 members of the
General Assembly as well as re
ceive in the 11-nation Security
Council seven affirmative votes
land no veto. Each of the council's
Big Five permanent members,
including Nationalist China, has
veto power.
I The question is scheduled to
come before the Security Council
next week but the four power
talks are being held in an effort
to get an agreement before the
meeting that no veto will be cast.
The sponsors of the action in
the General Assembly are also
pressing for a general debate
next week In the Assembly’s 60-
nation Special Political Com
mittee as a step toward Inducing
the Council to makq a positive
decision. >_
Iran to Hang Fanatic
Who Sbot at Ala
TEHERAN. Iran, Nov. 19 (IP).
—Army legal officers announced
today Mozaffer Ali Zulghadr. a
Moslem fanatic, will be hanged
ifor attempting to assassinate
Premier Hussein Ala Thursday.
A bullet grazed Mr. Ala’s neck.
The army held the assault
amounted to a revolt against the
government, punishable by death.
No trial was mentioned.
President Rajendra Prasad at a luncheon here today.
The Russians and others of their party are on a tour
of India.—AP Wirephoto via Radio, from London.
) Russians a chance to be seen
i by thousands of Indians. The
i visitors were at their smiling
) best, waving straw hats, signing
• autographs for children and gaz
i ing with tourist-like awe at the
. city’s sights.
r When they placed a wreath
on the site of the cremation of
s {lndian Independence leader
’Mohandas K. Gandhi, the
1 significance of their action was
• not lost on Indians—for the Rua
slans were paying homage to a
: man once described by the
t Kremlin as “reactionary.”
>! Later, Marshal Bulganin and
? Mr. Khrushchev went to a pub
lic meeting staged by Delhi
i municipality. Before thousands
■{waving paper Indian and Rus
• sian flags, they appeared with
i Mr Nehru on a stage resembling
. a Buddhist temple. The three
i stood for .a minute with their
i hands clasped together and held
■ aloft. Then Bulganin moved to
■ the microphones, spoke of India's
> development plans and made his
( offer. He called India and Rus
sia “alhes.”
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Auto Picket Line
Circles Foundry
NEW CASTLE, Ind.. Nov. 19
iJP). Strikers' cars circled
bumper to bumper on streets
near the Perfect Circle Corp.
foundry early today, but the
company said 138 nonstrikers
eventually got inside.
The double circle of cars, mov
ing in opposite directions, broke
up in less than an hour.
! Capt.'Russell Morrison. Shel
byvilte. assigned as a National
{Guard observer after the last 25
troops left niursday, said the
demonstration was mostly Jeer
ling and threats, in contrast with
a riot at the foundry October 5
{when eight persona received
(minor bullet wounds.
Don Ballard, publicity man
for the striking CIO United Auto
Workers, said he hadn't heard
about the demonstration and
declared the union had not
planned it.
Gov. Craig lifted martial law
here October 20.
Negotiations for the foundry
have been in recess for 10 days,
with no definite date set for re
suming them.
Pilot Lays Seattle Crash
To Drag of Bad Propeller
SEATTLE, Nov. 19 (A*).—Propeller failure was blamed today
by the pilot for the midnight crash here two days ago of a char
tered DC-4 that claimed the lives of 27 of the 74 aboard.
In a dramatic hospital room news conference, William J.
McDougall, 40, Miami, Fla., told of the desperate cockpit struggle
to keep the big four-engined plane aloft with its load of Ols back
from the Far East. j
Mr. McDougall said without
hesitancy the crash, two minutes
after takeoff from Seattle’s Boe-!
ing Field, was caused by Inabil
ity to “feather” the malfunc
tioning propeller on the No. 4
engine.
He explained that feathering
a propeller means turning its
blades with the edge to the wind
like a knife. This must be done
before power can b#cut off from
the engine—in this case the out
side engine on the right—or the
"prop” will windmill.
Blades Flattened
Instead of feathering, Mr.
McDougall said, the No. 4 pro-!
pellor blades turned flat, offer
ing great resistance to the air
stream, and causing the plane
to yaw with loss of control and;
altitude.
He said he was convinced the {
propeller itself had failed, but!
added there was a possibility the
engine’s shaft could have
snapped, leaving the “prop”
without any control.
Mr. McDougall, in his first
public statement since the Pe
ninsular Air Transport Co. DC-4 1
cracked up and burned, said he
blacked out when the big plane
plowed Into the back yard of a
South Seattle hillside home.
“When I came to I was stand
ing outside screaming ‘get the
people out,’ ‘get the people out’.” j
He paused, then said in a
choked voice as tears streamed'
idown his face:
“I did everything in my power,
... everything ”
Mr. McDougall met newsmen
immediately after giving a full{
account to the five Civil Aero-;
nautlcs Board investigators here !
checking into every angle of the
crash.
26 Servicemen Killed
The dead included 26 service
men just back on rotation and
a reserve pilot for the Miami,
Fla., company, Edward McGrath,
29, Boston.
The survivors were 40 Gls, the;
plane’s three-man crew and Mrs
ycGrath and her three small
i children. The McGraths were
“deadheading” to Miami.
! Nineteen of the soldiers were
discharged from hospitals yes
'terday and continued homeward
; last night. Most left by train,
i Twenty-one still were hospital
ized at Seattle’s Fort Lawton
. and will remain there over the
. week end. Only one, Corpl. J. 8.
1 Thomas of Philadelphia, was
listed as critical.
The Peninsula Co. said In a
i statement Issued here today that
I in 11 years of operation cover
> ing 17 billion passenger miles it
i never before had suffered a
■ passenger Natality.
Mr. MCDougall’s theory of
what caused the crash was
backed up by the co-pilot, Fred
. Hall, 30, Miami, who lay in the
. hospital bed alongside.
Made Fall Tests
{ The pilot, who said this was
[ihis first fatal accident in 22
years of flying, declared he and
Mr. Hall made at least three In
spections and full warm-up tests
{ of the plane before takeoff.
“Everything checked out OK,
; and we were not overweight or
overloaded," he said.
The takeoff was normal, he
! related. At between 300 and 500
[ feet the plane had gained a
i speed of 135 miles an hour.
: He ordered the co-pilot to
: make the first reduction from
takeoff power. This is done by
changing the angle of the pro
s; peller blades.
“I immediately felt a surge on
No. 4 engine.” Mr. McDougall
1 said. “I quickly ordered that the
No. 4 propeller be feathered. The
,‘prop' started to feather, then
unfeathered.
[i “This meant the blades were
flat to the airstream—which is
; almost the same as having a
| barn door out there on your
' wing.”
Poet Robert Hillyer
1 Will Read Classics
; Poet Robert Hillyer will read
from his own work and from
( English and American classics
at the Library of Congress at
1 8:30 p.m. tomorrow.
: Winner of the Pulitzer Prize
for his “Collected Verse” in 1934,
> Mr. Hillyer now is professor of
. English at the University of
I Delaware.

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