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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 22, 1956, Image 4

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•• THE EVENING STAR, Washington, D. C.
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ANAHEIM, CALlF.—Shirley Temple, now Mrs. Charles A.
Black, waves a greeting as she takes two of her three chil
dren, Linda, Susan and Charles, jr., for a ride at Disneyland
amusement park. Shirley, who has given up acting, is
rarely seen in public any more.—AP Wirephoto.
H ig h way Debaters Tackle
Political-Fiscal Dilemma
Democrats and Republicans on the House Ways and Means
Committee faced political as well as fiscal dilemmas today in
trying to decide on how the new highway program should be
.. As the committee went into closed session following a week
of. contentious testimony, it seemed likely to report out fairly
soon a pay-as-you-go revenue
measure. Both parties agree on
that general policy.
But Democratic majority
members supporting a bill of
Representative Boggs. Democrat
of Louisiana, apparently want,
to make sure their party would'
not' have to shoulder sole blame
for increasing motorists’ taxes
in an election year.
Plight of Republicans
Republican committee mem
bers seem reluctant to suggest
any tax-raising alternative to;
the Boggs bill But they also
are 4 in a political dilemma be
cause they do not want to be
put in a position of opposing
the highway construction pro
gram urged by President Eisen-I
hotter or seeming to stand
against a pay-as-you-go plan.
From the fiscal standpoint
two main questions confronted
committee members of both
parties. The first was whether
the Boggs bill is a genuine pay
as-you-go measure. The second
was whether its across-the-board
method of increasing taxes on
gasoline, diesel fuel, tires, re
tread rubber and new trucks
offers the fairest method of dis
tributing the added tax burden
to pay the Federal share of the
proposed interstate road-build
ing program.
Those two problems were
pointed up at the final open hear
ing all day yesterday. The Boggs
bill was severely attacked by the
American Automobile Associa
tion. Some of the bill's provi
sions drew file also from the
American Petroleum Institute
and from Robert Moulton, Ohio,
State public utilities commis
Boggs Defends Bill
The bill was supported, par
ticularly in its across-the-board
approch by Burge M. Seymour,
president of the Independent Ad-j
visory Committee to the Truck- 1
lng Industry. Mr. Boggs, a Ways
and Means Committee member,
also defended the fairness and
fiscal soundness of his bill in
questioning witnesses who criti-:
cized it.
The AAA contention as pre
sented by John S. Giles, chair
man of the association's highway
committee, and Lacey V. Mur
row its highway consultant, was
that the Boggs bill would dis
criminate against owners of pas
senger cars and light trucks by ,
requiring them to pay the same
increased tax rates as those which
would be levied on heavy trucks
Mr. Giles noted that most
State highway tax procedures,
are based on a graduated scale;
which imposes higher levies on
heavy trucks. He charged that
representatives of large truckers
want to establish the across-the
board principle throughout the 1
country. If Congress enacted the
Boggs bill, he contended, those
trucking interests would use such
action as a means of eliminating;
the tax rate differentials in the
various States.
“The Inevitable result,” he;
warned, “would be a shifting of
millions of dollars annually onto
the shoulders of owners of 1
passenger cars and light trucks.”!
The AAA spokesmen sub-i
mitted to the House committee
the association's previously pro-;
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flountainYalietf Water <*s&£>
posed sliding scale of tax in
creases on highway-use items
which the Boggs bill would tax
j Mr. Seymour, speaking for the
| trucking industry, said his group
was "impatient with those op
ponents of the Boggs bill who
want trucks to pay a higher rate
of tax than other highway users
such as passenger cars.” He
complained that there has been
“a good deal of misleading
propaganda put out by op
ponents," and he asserted that
“by any reasonable standard
[trucks have always paid their
share and do so now.”
j Opposition of the American
I Petroleum Institute was centered
against only one provision in the
Boggs bill. Robert H. Scholl, the
institute president, declared that
the bill is unfair because it
< would-, increase the gasoline tax
Trom two cents to three cents a
gallon and levy it on all motor
vehicle operators whether or not
they use interstate highways.
Philadelphian Set
To Head Bar Group
CHICAGO, Feb. 22 UP).—
David Maxwell of Philadelphia;
was nominated for president of
the American Bar Association
yesterday at a caucus of ABA
State delegates.
The nominee by tradition is I
elected president without opposi- !
tion at the annual meeting of
the association, which will be in-
August. The president serves
a one-year term without pay.
I Mr. Maxwell is former chair
man of the ABA House of Dele
Charles S. Rhyne. Washing
ton, D. C., was nominated for
chairman of the House of Dele
gates for a two-year term start
ling in August.
Joseph D. Stecher of Toledo.
Ohio, was renominated for secre
tary and Harold H. Bredell of
Indianapolis was renominatedj
for treasurer.
Lotto 9. nail polish. Misti femrsm HI
lipstick rust bleed. «tc. *U
Out ehemlit will dluStare th# ihi *n
mi nrwnl to *•■> linnet »nd tea'll
lake a * petite* garment beat* with rea
j*A ft ft??? Corner Gi I A I A«m
Realtor! Mortgage lankert
Senate Votes SIOO,OOO
For Study on Rights
Br the AuoclttMl Press
The Senate has voted the full
SIOO,OOO requested by its Sub
committee on Constitutional
i Rights.
The subcommittee is headed by
Senator Hennings. Democrat of
Missouri. Its study of the Gov
ernment's loyalty-security pro
gram last fall brought accusa
tions from Senator McCarthy,
Republican of Wisconsin, that it
"consciously sought to discredit
anti-communist security meas
Yesterday, however. Senator
McCarthy said “I don’t in any
way impugn the motives or hon
esty” of Senator Hennings. Sen
atory McCarthy said that while
he still believed the loyalty
security study “has done a great
deal of damage,” he was aban
doning plans to make a speech
against the SIOO,OOO request.
Senator Hennings said his sub
committee now plans to study
rights of armed services person
nel and threats to freedom of the
press, among other things.
He said the press inquiry
would relate particularly to the
problem created by “the grow
ing tendency of the executive;
branch to withhold information
from the public which need not;
be suppressed because of nation- j
al security.”
He said it would also look into
reports that the Foreign Claims
Commission has been depriving
some former American prisoners
of war of money Congress has'
» 1
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% % a
provided for “their long, agoniz
ing days of Imprisonment.” i
In other actions, the Senate,
voted to grant $225,000 of $275,-!
000 requested by a Judiciary Sub
committee for its planned hear
ings on a possible revision of the
antitrust laws.
It voted SIIO,OOO to another!
Judiciary Subcommittee study
ing the laws on patents, copy
rights and trademarks, and
SIOO,OOO to the Senate Banking
and Currency Committee for
hearings on a variety of sub
jects, including disaster insur
ance bills.
Capitalism Exhibit
Will Close Tonight
This is the last day for the
People's Capitalism exhibit in
Union Station. Visiting hours
are from 1 to 9 p.m. and admis
sion is free.
Theodore S. Repplier, president
of the Advertising Council, which
suggested the display, extimatedj
more than 25,000 persons will
have toured the show here during
its test preview.
The United States Information
'Agency will take it to Japan in
mld-summel-. In the fall it will
move to India. Later it will ap
pear in other Asian and Euro- I
pean countries. Its mission is to
counteract Communist propa- j
ganda against the American eco- j
nomic system. h
Algerian Clash
Kills 19 Troops
ALGIERS, Feb. 22 UP). A
French military convoy was am
bushed in Western Algeria today
in a battle that, left 19 soldiers
and five nationalist rebels dead,
French authorities reported.
I The attack by a strong rebel
force occurred on the little
traveled road from Del Mllia to
Catinat in the Kabylie area, a!
few miles inland from Philippe-'
French reinforcements were
sped to the scene after the am
bush. Losses were among thei
severest the French forces have
suffered in any single action in:
the 15-month-old Algerian na-!
tionalist insurrection.
In addition to the ambush
this morning. French author
ities said 41 persons had been
killed or kidnaped in nationalist
incidents in the past 24 hours.
Most of the bloodshed was in
the eastern Algerian region of
Constantine. Authorities said
that during the period 19 rebels 1
had been killed, 12 pro-French
Moslems kidnaped by terrorists
; and 10 other persons assassi
-1 nated.
Trouble also was reported In
the French protectorate .of |
Morocco. Four soldiers were,
killed and six wounded In the '
Riff border area. j
But Doesn't Count Them <
NEW YORK. —An average <
full-time stenographer registers j
more than 11 million keyboard- i
'type Impressions in a year. |l
Senate Due to Take Up
$1 Billion Farm Bill
The Senate was due today to take up the $1 billion election
year farm bill, with both sides predicting victory in the impending
battle over price support levels—principal source of controversy
in the legislation.
“There is no doubt” but that the Senate will vote for restora
tion of the 90 per cent of parity rigid supports for basic crops,
according to Senator Ellender. ~
Democrat of Louisiana, chair-,
man of the Senate Agriculture j
Committee, whjch drafted the,
legislation. *"
On the contrary, Senator;
Aiken, Vermont, ranking Repub-!
lican on the committee, pre
dicted a four or five-vote victory
for flexible scale advocates.
Close Vote Seen
“History will repeat itself,” he
declared, referring to the Repub
lican-backed farm bill of 1954
when the Senate voted 49-44 for
lower level supports. The flexible
supports are defended by the
administration as a device to
discourage overproduction—and
denounced by opponents as a
principal cause of the drop in
farm Income.
Admittedly, the vote on this
particular issue will be close
Senate Republican Leader Know- :
land of California, has said that
the administration may lose,
some votes due to resentment
over President Eisenhower’s veto
of the gas bill.
| Chairman Ellender expected
to put the bill before the
Senate today after the tradi
tional reading of Washington's
{Farewell Address.
Senator Ellender said that it
was hoped that the Senate could
istart voting on amendments by
{Tuesday or Wednesday, a time
table that would allow four or
five days for the preliminary
Congressional leaders want to
get the completed legislation to
the White House by April 1, so
it will be effective for this year’s
crops, but proposed amendments
seem certain to slow the measure
in the Senate—and then the
House must act. The Senate
Agriculture Comm it tee split
jadly in reporting the measure,
and these differences undoubted
ly will bring efforts to change the
measure on the floor.
Agreement Noted
There is general agreement on
the main feature of the bill—a
program that would pull about
50 million acres of crop land out
of production and set up a so
called soil bank, a land reserve
that would be available for
future production needs.
This program includes reduc
tion of the acreage of cotton,
wheat, corn and rice. It was
offered by the Administration
a* « method of ewtttqt down
surpluses of these commodities
which now form the greater part
of the $8 billion stock accumu
lated by the Government in
making support loans. .
Farmers would get either cash
or these Government-held com
> modities in return for reducing f
l their production. The commodi
' ties could be marketed to meet
•the expected shortages resulting '
■ from the production cut.
>| President Eisenhower and Sec
retary of Agriculture Benson have %
‘ asserted that the expected bene- j
fits of the soil bank would ne
• nullified by the return to hiab»
■ support prices voted by the,
r Senate Agriculture Committee, 'it
Hear from Benson *
r It is estimated that soil-bank
payments would put more than
, $1 billion in farm belt pocket
) books this year.
) In addition to voting higher;
i supports for basic crops, the Sen
i ate bill also boosts dairy sup-;
• ports and proposes to re-esud.- •
> lish an old parity base which
> would be another price-raising f
t factor. (Parity is the figure '
signed to give the farmer a fair ?
■ return in relation to production v
> costs.)
The House Agriculture Com-;
mittee started hearings on thej
administration farm program *
yesterday and got an analysis of *
1 the recommendations from. Sec
t retary Benson. The hearings are J
continuing today. The House
. passed a bill last year calling for
return to high rigid supports.
It’s easy to register and
i qualify as a District voter. Go
to registration headquarters on
ground floor of the District
Building and sign up. ’

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