Newspaper Page Text
Fair tonight, low about 28 in city and 22 in suburbs. Fair and warmer tomorrow. (Full report on Page A-2.) Temperatures Today Midnight 30 6 am.-. 26 11 a.m—36 2 a m 29 8 a.m 28 Noon 37 4 a.m 27 10 aun 33 1 p.m 37 104th Year. No. 60. President Says'Yes to 2d Term; Won't Commit Himself on Nixon Coed's Lawyers Seek to Drop 'Plot' Charges Retreat From Their Accusation Against Alabama Trustees BIRMINGHAM. Ala., Feb. 29 UP). —Autherine Lucy’s attorneys retreated today from charges that the University of Alabama trustees and others had con spired with a mob to keep the Negro coed from the all-white campus. Thurgood Marshall of New York, chief counsel for the Na- NAACP Head Here Fights Segregation i* Carolina. Page A-2 tional Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People,! told United States District Judge H. Hobart Grooms. “Our whole purpose is to get her in.” Miss Lucy was barred from the university at Tuscaloosa Febru ary 6 by the Board of Trustees after a riot against her presence by some 3.000 persons. Judge Grooms had ordered her admission last July 1. Mr. Marshall also said he w anted towmend the contempt of court complaint to drop charges against four men—Ed Watts, Earl Watts, Kenneth Thompson and R. E. Chambliss—on the grounds that they had been in cluded erroneously; that any ac tion against them would have to come in other courts Separate Trials Denied At the same time, Judge Grooms denied the petition b> the defense to have the 13 trustees and university officials granted separate trials and to have their cases decided by a jury. In asking the court to drop the ( charges of conspiracy ’and "cun ning strategem," Mr. Marshall said that “after careful investi gation, we are unable to produce any evidence to support thole allegations. This amendment takes out every single allegation of conspiracy.” Andrew Thomas, defense coun-1 sel. objected strenuously to the: amendment, saying that these charges have been "relayed throughout the world,” and de manded the right to answer the conspiracy charges. As the hearing opened this morning, the third floor corridor leading to the small, 200-seat courtroom was filled to overflow ing. largely with Negroes. In side the courtroom the Negroes tacitly accepted segregation, confining themselves generally to one section. Miss Lucy Is Calm As Miss Lucy stepped off the elevator to go to the courtroom a spectator asked her, “Are you afraid?” "I’m just as calm as I’ve ever been," she replied. Asked if she would continue to press for admission to the uni versity, she answered. “Yes." Deputy United States marshals roamed the corridors maintain ing quiet and regulating traffic to and from the courtroom. The Lucy case has assumed enormous significance here as a test of the Federal Court’s will ingness to insist on compliance with its orders despite the State’s powerful, pro-segregation senti ments and customs g There already is considerable loose speculation shat if Miss Lucy attempts to return to the university campus she will be subjected to additional mob action. Governor Pledges Order In Montgomery, Gov. James E. Folsom again said he would maintain law and order at the university, regardless of the out come of the hearing. "1 don’t expect trouble." Gov. Folsom said. "1 expect the good old laws of common sense to pre vail ” Then he added: "I want all the mothers and fathers of students at the university to know I am doing all in my power to keep their children from get ting hurt." For 29 months Miss Lucy has sought the right to be educated at the 125-year-old university. With the aid of the NAACP SeeJLUCY, Page A-11 Tokyo House Backs 17% Defense Increase TOKYO, Feb. 29 (/F). —Japan’s House of Representatives brushed aside Socialist objections last: night and gave overwhelming approval by standing vote to a $2,785,000,000 national budget! for the year starting next April.! Socialists objected particular ly to spending $278 million for defense, a 17 per cent boost over: last year. The budget was sent to the upper house. i ©j)« ©turning J&faf Phone ST.3-5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1956-EIGHTY-FOUR PAGES. Doctor Resisting Draft 5 Years Reports to Army Wheaton Physician Says He'll Continue Fight Against Service by All Legal Means A 43-year-old Wheaton (Md.) doctor, who fought a five-year battle against being drafted, reported for induction into the Army in Alexandria today armed with a toothbrush and a promise to continue his battle after he is sworn in. Dr. Beldon R. Reap, 2601 Elnora street, who once exam ined inductees at the Alexandria Induction Center, was greeted by Maj. Arthur E Plaints, commanding officer of the recruiting station. The doctor was in good spirits: and said he was just beginning Picture on Page 8-3 his fight. He claims he has not yet received a hearing on the merits of his case. Dr. Reap says he should not be inducted because it would be an undue hardship on his family. jThe doctor, who has three chil dren and says his wife is dis abled by asthma, lost his battle February 17. when a Federal Court judge in Baltimore turned down his motion for an injunc tion against the Selective Service System. Many Times Before Boards | Dr. Reap said that since 1950 he has been before the local board in Silver Spring 10 times, the Maryland Selective Service Appeal Board three times and the Presidential Appeal Board ionce. “I knew enough about the law to exhaust all administrative remedies." he said. “I guess I just about exhausted everyone ielse. too. He said he could have refused to report for induction to bring his case before the courts on its merits, but then he could have been prosecuted on a felony charge for evading the draft. He said he chose to enter the l 1,000- Room Mayflower Sold for $12.8 Million The fashionable Mayflower I iHotel In Washington and the I common stock of the Roosevelt 1 ] Hotel In New York were sold today by the Hilton Hotels Corp. , to the Hdtel Corp. of America ( for a total of almost sls million. ] Completion of the transaction : was announced in New York by , Conrad N. Hilton, president of i 'the Hilton chain, and A. M. Son- j nabend. president of the pur- , chasing company. At the same time it was an nounced that the lease for New | York’s Plaza Hotel has been , renewed. Until last week, when it ac- . quired the Plaza and the Sonna bend-operated hotels in Chicago,' Cleveland and Boston, the Hotel Corp. of America was known as 1 the Childs Co. The new owners paid $12.8 1 million for the 1,000-room May- « flower. It will assume manage- ■ ment there on April111 $2,130,000 for Stork The Sonnabend interest paid I $2,130,000 for the Roosevelt I stock. It assumes management 1 there tomorrow. I The lease ox the Plaza by Hotel Corp of America from the i Hilton chain was extended for an unspecified number of years I from March 31. Rental income < at present to the Hotel Corp.; Oldest Inhabitants Told To Vacate by March 31 The District Commissioners today nave the Association of i Oldest Inhabitants one month to I get out of the 118-year-old Union < Engine House at Nineteenth and I H streets N.W. 1 Commissioner Samuel Spencer < said the group, which has used I the building as a meeting place 1 and depository of relics, must 1 vacate so the International Monetary Fund can build a 13- 1 floor, $4 million headquarters i building on the site. I The association, Mr. Spencer * said, has a “very fair offer” ’ from the fund of $50,000 toward reconstruction of the building ( on a site offered by George ] Washington University. j The association has the offer | under study, but has made no j decision as to acceptance. i Mr Spencer said rebuilding the | house on university property u would "preserve the historical ! values" of it, and enable the fund ] building to be erected. This is « "Important to the United States,”jt he said Told of the Commissioners’ ac- i tion by The Star, a high mone- I tary fund official had this com- 1 inent \\ • “Hallelujah!'’ ( |i ' service and carry on his light to get out. ; j "I will continue to fight to the fullest extent but within the law,” he said. Greeted by photographers and reporters. Dr. Reap, who will be entering the service as a private, said. “You’re really rolling out the red carpet.” Is Law Graduate as Well Dr. Reap, who got part of his medical schooling under an Army program, was an examining phy sician for recruits for nearly a year during 1950 and 1951. He passed the Maryland bar exam last year in order to help • his case in the courts. He is a graduate of the Georgetown Uni versity Law School and Medical School. Dr. Reap was described as “the greatest living authority on the Selective Service Act” by United States Attorney for Maryland George C. Daub, who argued the case for the Government during the Baltimore hearing. Dr. Reap was scheduled to be sent to Fort Jackson, S. C. The doctor carried a small case when he reported for induction. He said it contained a tooth brush. toothpaste, comb and elec tric razor, but no legal papers. He also carried his order to report for induction, which he displayed prominently to induction of ficials. “1 have a good supply of pens and pencils for the legal fight,” he said. from the Plaza was reported to be $1.5 million annually. The Plaza has 1.070 rooms. Mr. Hilton and Mr. Sonnabend said in a statement that Hotel Corp. will pay $1 million in cash for the Mayflower and will as sume a mortgage of $4,850,000. As a part of the transaction, Hil ton Hotels will receive a note for $5,450,000 and 250.000 shares of common stock of Hotel Corp. of America. The sale includes land, bund ling and contents. The balance of the purchase price will be paid off over a short period of years. Leasehold Owned Hotel Roosevelt Corp. owns the leasehold on the Hotel Roose velt, the fee of which Is held by the New York State Realty & Terminal Co. This is a sub sidiary of the New York Central Railroad. The leasehold, which expires April 30, 1964, includes land, building, furniture and equip ment. Hotel Corp. of America has paid $750,000 to Hilton Ho tels and the balance for this 1.100-room hotel will be paid over a brief period of years. Mr. Hilton said the various transactions fulfill all obligations of a consent degree entered into See MAYFLOWER, Page A-9 The old firehouse, which stands on the corner of Nine teenth and H streets surrounded on three sides by land cleared for the fund building, was the last land problem holding up construction, he said. He ex pects final construction plans to be quickly drawn and building to begin soon. Association Vice President Herbert P. Leoman said his group still has under considera tion the $50,000 offer, and the offer of a site from the uni versity. It is also, he said, considering other possible solutions, such as rebuilding on a different site: attempting to get another old firehouse for association use, and obtaining the right to meet in the old Christian Heurich home on New Hampshire ave nue. The Columbia Historical Society, which now owns the home, has many membeis in common with the Oldest In-; habitants. The building’s title is vested in the Federal Government, of ficials said, but the association has been occupying it "at the pleasure of the. Commissioners"! junder an act of Congress. I - - 'Mmmm . Jyir ' wTafcfaife | K * raj | j > Sw f 1 I BLIT ■_ v gi S Hr 1 PC* ..' 4T wfß I Jfi aniWil iitrn \ M. . Jfl mi -*■ * •v”-. £; .JH. . ** yjs£ >Jf jaM 4lifc - .-jjfßl igL JuF vjmmr 'W Wmw m H mKFW M IS I H H hb. THIS 1$ ‘YES’—The familiar Eisenhower smile was big and broad today, Imme diately after the. press conference during which the President signified his willingness torun again.—AP Photo. , Hospital Clerk Admits Theft Guilty Plea Made t By Mrs. Sudduth r 7 Mrs. Mary L. Sudduth, 41. to ■ day pleaded guilty in connection | with a $137,000 shortage at Epis copal Eye. Ear and Throat 1 Hospital while she was its chief clerk. , The plea was entered before [ Chief Judge Bolitha J. Laws in j District Court. Judge Laws de ferred sentencing pending pro bation report and Mrs. Sudduth j remains free on $5,000 bond. ! United States Attorney Leo A. s Rover said the Government was , .dropping 14 other charges of • check raising which had been i lodged against Mrs. Sudduth. • The total sum involved in eight 5 counts to which she pleaded guilty was $27,000. The checks had been issued to Mrs. Sudduth 3 to meet payroll needs. Some Restitution j Mrs. Sudduth’s attorney. Nich olas J. Chase, told the court’ that she already had "made substantial civil restitution" and that steps have been taken to restore the entire amount charged to her. The attorney declared Mrs. . Sudduth had been 111 and under ‘ heavy emotional pressure since her indictment last autumn, j Because of her physical and » mental condition, he continued, 3 she had decided not to stand the . trial which had been scheduled 3 for March 19. i The Government charged that Mrs. Sudduth pocketed the dis t ference between the original 5 value of the checks and the . raised amounts. 1 Over Four-Year Period , An audit of the hospital j books showed an overall short s age of $137,420, according to : the Government. The shortage 1 is believed to cover a four-year [ period. Government prosecutors ] said. Mrs. Sudduth had been chief 1 clerk at the hospital since 1950. ■ In most recent years she had i supervised the hospital payroll. The indictment listed her ad dress as in the 7000 block of I Southwark terrace, College ■ Heights Estates, an exclusive > j Prince Georges County com ( munity. But she has moved "since the hospital shortage was I revealed. Eisenhower Kept Press Guessing to Last Moment Suscense Mounted as President Disposed Os Routine Issues, Then Came the Answer By MARY McGRORY For the historic occasion careful preparations had been made on both sides. The President and the press were ready for each other. The press preparations were more obvious, beginning as they did at the White House gate where a television camera had been stationed from early morning. More cameras lined the President’s route from the White House to the old State Department Building. The first reporter was at the door of the old treaty conference room at 7:50 a.m. By 9:30. 150 colleagues were lined up behind him, and 15 minutes later, there ' was a corridor full of buzzing newspapermen, some of whom passed the time by asking one another what would happen if he didn't say. More cameras and bright lights were set up in the hall. All Seats Occupied At 10 o'clock the long line began to move, and seven min utes later the floor capacity of , 270 scats was exhausted. The overflow climbed up to the ornate little balcony that runs ' around the high room, and 104 > sat or stood in its narrow con fines. Forty reporters were turned away at the door In voices which tension had , made louder than usual, those on the floor exchanged crowd iflgures. The official reporter obligingly took a characteristic ; Eisenhower stance at the desk !so the cameraman could get into focus. Someone had an . : ‘David Crane,’New Comic, ' Begins in Star Today | Beginning today, The Evening Star brings you * a new and different type of adventure strip, entitled i "David Crane.’’ ■ ' "David Crane” is the heart-warming story of a l newly ordained minister fresh out of divinity school ... his first assignment in a long-closed, run-down parish and how he solves his problems in order to j reopen and revitalize the church in his community. s A new force in comics, you’ll find satisfaction 1 and faith in this different type strip starting on 1 Page A-36. Phone Sterling 3-5000 for home delivery of The ; Evening Star. j! instantly developing camera and soon many hands passed the official reporter a snapshot as a souvenir of the occasion, which pleased him very much. Precisely at 10:30 everyone abruptly stopped talking. In the ; hush only "S-h-h!” could be heard. j President Enters Briskly A moment later the President, [ less tan than when last seen, ( clad in a light brown suit, white ( shirt and matching brown tie. came in. He walked briskly and ; as he did he said. “Sit down, i please." and gave a crisp good morning to one of the cor -1 respondents. Then the preparations the President had made became ap- : parent. He placed a single piece of paper with four headings writ ten down in large letters on ( the desk before him. , The reporters, sitters and standees, leaned forward expect- I antly. But what was forthcom ing. in the even, unstrained voice. :| ; was in the nature of a commer-j cial. President Eisenhower asked Continued on Page A-11, Col. 1 I Metropolitan Edition New York Morkets, Pages B-24-25 WMAL—RADIO—TV 5 CENTS Feels hlealth Will Continue Promises to Give Full Details Os Decision on TV Tonight By GARNETT D. HORNER President Eisenhower will run for re-election if the Republican Convention wants him, he announced today. The President told a news conference that he will /xplain all the factors of his decision in a television and radio talk to the country at 10 p.m. tonight. He said more is involved than a simple yes or no. He said his answer to the second-term question “will be positive, that is, affirmative,” within certain limits. He disclosed he reached this decision only last night. Mr. Eisenhower put off until the Republican Con vention in August any expression whether he would want Vice President Nixon as his running mate again. He expressed “tremendous admiration” for Mr. Nixon, but also made clear that he does not agree with what a reporter described as Mr. Nixon’s characterization of Chief Justice Warren as a “Republican Chief Justice.” The President asserted emphatically that his sec- TALK TO NATION ON AIR TONIGHT President Eisenhower’s ad dress to the Nation will be broadcast live from 10 to 10:30 o'clock tonight. WMAL. WRC and WTOP ( will carry it on television and radio. WGMS and WWDC will carry radio broadcasts. G. 0. P. Accord Held Assured Eisenhower Action Averts Squabble , By GOULD LINCOLN’ President Eisenhower’s willing •ness to stand for re-election has a three-pronged effect, i 1. It settles the question of the 1956 Republican presidential nomination. It eliminates a knock-down, drag-out contest at the party's national convention in San Francisco next August provided the President stays well. 2. It enhances Republican pros pects for victory. Public opinion tests have proved the tremendous personal popularity of the President. 3. It depresses Democratic 1 chances in the coming election. and it may affect materially the race for the Democratic presi dential nomination. 1 Struggle Could Develop If for any reason President Eisenhower is impelled to with draw later from the presidential race the Republicans will be faced W'ith a mad scramble for the nomination, unless party leaders and the President himself can control the national conven tion. A terrific struggle could develop between the so-called Eisenhower Republicans and the old Taft Republicans for party control. A major decision for the Republicans still remains to be made—the vice presidential nom ination. It is generally conceded that President Eisenhower's ’ wishes will settle this one. He has repeatedly expressed his re spect. admiration and affection for Vice President Nixon. There i See POLITICS. Page A-9 I Stock Prices Surge Upward on News Os Second Term NEW YORK, Feb. 29 (A*).— A holiday spirit prevailed on the stock market today as prices surged upward on the new's that President Eisenhower would run for re-election. Cheers and whoops rose above the usual trading din and jubilant shouts of "He’s going to run!” Orders to buy spilled over at, such a rate that the high-speed ticker tape couldn't keep up in I reporting them. | The ticker fell as much as 19 minutes behind. Initial gains ran to as much as $3 a share on leading stocks, ' then prices backed away some- 1 what, witli the best gains rang- ( ing to about $2 a share. But ' trading still kept on at a hot ! pace. DuPont was up $1.75 at $228.12, United States Steel up 62 cents Sat $57.75: Bethlehem Steel up $1 at $154.12. Kcnnecott Copper up $1.75 at $128.37 and General Mo i tors up 87 cents at $45.87. t ond-term decision “would not be affirmative unless I felt I could last out the five years ” He reserved a full discussion of his health, however, until his TV-radio speech tonight. The President indicated only sketchily at his news conference 'the "limits" for his "affirmative” answer, promising to spell them out tonight. * He told his news conference that “so many factors and con siderations” were involved in his decision that "the answer could not be expressed just in the simple terms of yes and no.” “Full Explanation" Needed He added: “Some full explanation to the American people is not only nec essary. but I would never con- Partiol Transcript of President’s Nevs Conference. Page A-8 Sutler Doubts Public Wants Part-Time President. Page A-4 sent to go before them unless I were assured that they did under stand these things, these influ ences, these possibilities. “Moreover, I would not allow my name to go before the Re publican Convention unless they, all the Republicans, understood, so that they would not be nomi nating some individual other than they thought they were nominating.” Mr. Eisenhower, announcing that he is “going directly to the American people and tell them the full facts” tonight, said he did not know for certain that the Republican Convention and the people would want him “after hearing the entire story.” The President indicated no lack of confidence that he would be renominated, however, in re plying to a question about what he saw as the major issues of the forthcoming election campaign. To Campaign on Record “I have a record established before the American people: that is my campaign.” he said. Mr. Eisenhower's equivocating remarks about Mr. Nixon left considerable doubt that he would insist on Mr. Nixon as his run ning mate. He told a questioner ha wouldn't talk about the vice See EISENHOWER. Page A-5 STAR MAKES WORK FIT MARRIAGE RIGHT COMBINATION—She’i up of 4:45 every morning, but Joan Crawford, offer 73 films, manages fa keep her home life serene. See The Star's Woman’s Section for today’s installment of the Joan Crawford story. Page B-7. UNtER PRESSURE—WiII Stockdalc flies up to 20,000 feet in a pressure chamber in tedoy’s chapter of the best-selling book, “No Time tor Ser geants," on The Star’s Feature Page, A-37 PARIS SPRING FASHlONS—Shiver ing French mannequins last week in troduced fashions tor springtime amid cries of "theft" from the designers. To learn what milady will wear this spring, read Eleni, The Star's fashion editor, on page 6-8 Guide for Readers Amuscm ts B 22 23 Financial B-24- 25 Classified C-6-15 Music C-6 Comics A-40-41 Obituary 8-20 Cross-word A-40 Rodio-TV A-38 39 Editorial A-16 Sports C-1-4 Edit'l Articles A-17 Woman s Feature Poge A-37 Section B-4-11 Have The Star Delivered to Your Home Doily and Sunday Dial STerhng 3 5000 i 1 !