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Candidate Abraham Lincoln was beardless in 1860 when he posed for this picture. According to a popular tale, he grew the beard after a little girl wrote him a letter, saying that whiskers would make him more dignified. —^—M . - - , *«L’. .*' J -. J-*.- -. . This historic schoolhouse in Ripon, Wis., is said to be the starting point of the Repub lican Party. In the words of Alvan Bovay, a prime mover of the meeting, "We went into the little meeting held in the schoolhouse Whigs, Free Soilers and Democrats. We come out of it Republicans, and we were the first Republicans in the country." 6 THE SUNDAY STAR MAGAZINE. WASHINGTON. 0 C. APRIL I, 1956 * f ¥/B IfluP ■HT-v. v 4 <hSl■ ANDREW JOHNSON —Saved from impeachment by one vote, he did not try for re-election. Ww. u^HHi WILLIAM McKINLEY —Third President assassinated, and the last Civil War veteran in office. Continued From Preceding Page soon after, and Andrew Johnson assumed the office Johnson, unfortunately, had none of Lincoln’s ability to conciliate political opponents, and he barely escaped impeachment. By 1868, the Democrats were reorganizing their war torn party, and Republicans, turning to a popular hero, nominated Gen U. S. Grant, who had led the North to victory in the Civil War. Despite a few inept and dishonest appointees. Grant himself remained popular and above reproach and easily won re-election in 1872. Refusing a third term, Grant left the White House to Rutherford B. Hayes, who won fewer popular votes than his Democratic opponent, Samuel J. Tllden, but nevertheless won the presidency in the Electoral College by one vote. Scholarly, popular James A. Garfield followed Hayes in 1880, but his assassination shortly afterward gave the office to Chester A. Arthur. Arthur’s surprising insistence on a reform administra tion, especially a civil service law, cost him his party’s nomination, and in the election of 1884 Democrat Grover Cleveland outdistanced Republican stalwart James G. Blaine. Benjamin Harrison defeated Cleveland in 1888, but four years later Cleveland was returned to office. William McKinley carried the Republican banner to victory in 1886, but after winning a second term, in 1900 he was assassinated, the third such tragedy to afflict Republican Presidents in less than 50 years. His popular Vice President, Teddy Roosevelt, succeeded to the office and won another term on his own In 1904. Teddy soon became known as a Trust Buster in his effort to regulate industrial monopolies, and in world affairs he established the United States among the forefront of nations by his forceful handling of international problems. T. R.’s dissatisfaction with his self-appointed successor, William Howard Taft, split the Republican Party in 1912, permitting the election of Woodrow Wilson, the first Democrat since Cleveland, 20 years earlier. Eight years later, the United States elected a Republican again, Warren G. Harding, who promised a post-World War I "return to normalcy.” ULYSSES S. GRANT —An ar dent horseman, once arrested for speeding in Washington. ;■ Jgajyfc:.;, vßfct hi THEODORE ROOSEVELT —A versatile man, 'Teddy" wos au thor, hunter and .Rough Rider.