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With Sunday Mamin* edition WASHINGTON 4. 0. C. Published by THI CVKNING STAR NEWSPAPIR COMPANY Samuel H. KauHmana fresidtnt Banjomin M. McKalway Editor MAIN OFFICE' IlHi St. and Faniuylvanla Ava |4) NEW YORK. 343 Maditan Ava (17) CHICAGO' 231 N. la Sail. St 111 DETROIT: Nov. Canto. Building (2) SAN FRANCISCO: Ruu Building <4l IOS ANGELES: 612 S Flow.. St (14) EUROPEAN BUREAU PARIS. FRANCE. 21 Rua Da Bawl Delivered bp Carrigr tvantng and Sunday Sunday , Evanlna Monthly ....... 1.93 Pat Utua .... JO Monthly IJO Wookly 45 Waakly JO Night Pinal and Sunday ...2.00 Night Pinal Only .MO Rotas by Mail—Payobla in Adtronca Anywhoro In tha United State' Evening and Sunday Sunday Evening I year 28 00 I year 12.00 I year IS.OO 6 months ....14.30 6 month' .... 6.30 6 month' 923 • month' 750 3 month' .... 3.30 3 month' 4.75 I month 2.60 1 month 1.30 1 month 2.00 laloohono: Sterling 3-5000 Entered at the Port Office. Washington D. C o' "cond clo" mail matter Member ol tha Associotad Pratt Tb* Attofiatod Prtss it GntitlGd exclusively to the use for of oil the local ntwi printed in tbit new spa pet os atoll at A. P. nowt dispatches. A-6 SATURDAY, APRIL 27, 1957 2.5 Million Crimes Comparatively speaking, our own National Capital emerged as something of a model city in the FBl’s recent crime report. In Washington, major offenses were down by a respectable and welcome 9 per cent. But for the country as a whole there was 3 13.3 per cent increase In major crime—a new all-time high of more than 2.5 million serious violations. This is not a statistic which can be blamed on increasing population, for since 1950 crime has risen about four times as fast as population. And, still worse, the juvenile crime rate is running wild. In 1956 almost 46 per cent of the arrests for major crimes in urban areas were of Individuals under 18 years of age. No wonder the FBI fears that by 1958 the American crime rate will be double that in the years just prior to World War 11. Our own local improvement in the crime picture may turn out to have been of the flash-in-the-pan variety. But Police Chief Murray thinks it could have been due to having more policemen on duty in the places and during the times when criminals are most active. If this is not the whole answer, it is at least a strong argument for giving him the money he needs to keep his force at full strength. More About a Bad Gamble In making public the confidential Bulganin-Eden-Mollet exchange that took place prior to the Anglo-French Invasion of Egypt, the Kremlin has broken diplomatic custom in an apparent effort to enhance Soviet prestige among the Arab states. The action may also be viewed as a move designed (1) to em barrass Britain and France, (2) to keep anti-Western sentiment aflame in the Middle East and (3) to counter the ap peal of the so-called Elsenhower doctrine. Nevertheless, reprehensible and hypo critical as this Soviet* propaganda ma neuver may be, publication of the here tofore secret letters brings to light a historical fact of considerable importance —namely, that neither the French gov ernment nor the British government (then under Prime Minister Eden) had reason to be surprised or shocked when the Kremlin, after they had invaded Egypt, openly threatened to use armed force against them. Thus, on September 11, seven weeks before the Anglo-French attack, Premier Bulganin wrote to Mr. Eden not to try to settle the Suez issue by milltEiry means. And he went on to aay, “The Soviet Union cannot stand aside frpm this question. We wish to warn you in a friendly way as to the dangers which might follow if necessary prudence is not shown.” This warning, emphasizing how a little war in the Middle East could easily develop into a big war, was repeated a couple of weeks later in another of the Bulganin letters, the last of which was written on October 23. By that time, of course, freedom-seeking Hungary—which was soon to be brutally smashed by the “peace-loving” Soviet Union’s overwhelm ing armed force—was in the process of rebellion against Moscow. This may have led the Eden and Mollet governments to assume that the Kremlin would be too preoccupied with its own satellite troubles to be able to do anything but shout against the Suez action. But if they really assumed such a thing—an assumption that would have been risky in the best of circumstances—they made a terribly bad gamble, particularly so because they were also operating behind the back of the United States and against our Government’s urgent advice not to strike militarily against Egypt. Taken together, these two factors— the Bulganin warnings and our own country’s very severe admonitions— should have been enough to head off the ill-fated Suez action. But they were not enough. The Eden and Mollet govern ments went ahead anyhow. Certainly, much as we may deplore the Kremlin’s motives in publishing the exchange of letters, we must admit that the thing serves to point up the folly of the Anglo- French decision. Meet the Wife! It stands to reason that if there is an abominable snowman there almost certainly is an abominable snowwoman. Indeed, life at the top of the Himalayas must be unpleasant enough at best with out contemplating any such experience In the loneliness of only male company. Whom would a snowman talk to, for ex ample, if he didn’t have a mate around the cave? Or what incentive would he have for scaring foolhardy mountain climbers if there weren’t someone around to assure him that he surely is the most abominable one she ever knew? Actually, it seems surprising that nobody gave much thought to this matter until a Texas oilman-explorer made an expe dition into the world’s highest mountain range. Mr. Tom Slick didn’t quit£ say that he had seen one of the “happy couples’’ but he says he has some Nepalese friends who have. This kind of hedging is disappointing, and we suspect that Mr. Slick lacks a truly Texas-size imagina tion. Putting It in Perspective Coupled with the technical paper he has just read here before the Ameri can Physical Society, Dr. Willard F. Lib by’s letter to Dr. Albert Schweitzer should do much to clear the air of gross mis conceptions about the hazards of radio active fallout from nuclear weapons tests. Dr. Libby, the scientist member of our country’s Atomic Energy Commission, is by all odds one of the world’s leading authorities on this subject. Accordingly, his latest report on it should be reassur ing to all those who have been confused, if not frightened, by some of the more lurid and irresponsible things that have been said about how the tests are endan gering the health and life of humanity. Actually, according to his most emphatic judgment (which is based on exceedingly elaborate studies), no such peril exists at this time, nor is it likely to develop at the present or prospective rate of experimentation. Thus, as Dr. Libby has written to Dr. Schweitzer, “What I should like to demonstrate to you is that the risk is extremely small compared with other risks which persons everywhere take as a normal part of their lives. ... To go into more detail . . . there are two pos sible hazards. The first is the genetic hazard due to radiation of the repro ductive organs by penetrating gamma radiation, and the second is the hazard due to the Irradiation of the bones by as similated strontium-90, taken up largely through food” and capable of causing bone cancer and leukemia. On both counts, however, Dr. Libby has offered the following encouraging observations: In order to understand the degree of these hazards, it is necessary to compare the amount of radiation dosage received from fallout with the amount of radiation dosage normally received by all living things because of the natural radioactivity in the environment. In this way. it is possible to put the hazards from weapons testing into the context of normal human experience. « When this kind of comparison is made, it becomes apparent that we all carry in our bodies, and have in our surround ings. amounts of radioactivity very much larger than those derived from radioactive fallout. Cosmic rays . . . have their radia tion effect. . . . There are other varia tions in the natural “background” dos ages. For example, people living in certain localities of uranium or thorium minerali zation will receive much more radiation than the average. . . . Living in a brick house, rather than in a wooden house, will, with certain kinds of bricks in certain parts of the world, increase radiation exposure many times over that from the test fallout. The additional radiation dosages which persons receive from fallout are small compared to these natural dosages and even the variations in the natural dosages. To be specific, the dosage to new bone as in children, which results from stron tium-90, at present is about the same as the additional dosage which a resident at sea level would receive from cosmic rays if he moved from a beach to the top of a hill a few hundred feet high. . . . No scientist contends that there is no risk. We accept risk as payment for our pleasures, our comforts, and our material progress. Here the choice seems much clearer—the terrible risk of abandoning the defense effort, which is so essential under present conditions to the survival of the free world, against the small con trolled risk from weapons testing. Os course, when, as and If the Krem lin is willing to co-operate, the United States will be fully prepared to work out an agreement on ending nuclear experimentation. But meanwhile, as Dr. Libby has stressed in his common-sense letter to Dr. Schweitzer, continuing tests will remain vital to our national survival, and we ought therefore to go forward with them without hesitation or apology —especially so because they involve only relatively minor hazards. Raw Nerve In his speech to the Associated Press the other day, Secretary of State Dulles declared that the United States would continue to wage peace with unremitting vigor. This was his primary theme from start to. finish—a theme keyed to the idea that our Nation must persist in its efforts, patiently and tirelessly, to avert major warfare' and create conditions aimed at establishing a decent and endur ing system of collective security through out the world. Yet Mr. Dulles, despite this expres sion of good sentiments, has now been attacked by the men of the Kremlin as a bloodthirsty warmonger. Speaking through Tass, they have inveighed against him as “a man who is blind with hatred against everything progressive,” and they have asserted, with strident inelegance, that it “would only be use ful” if he “tears himself apart.” Why such violent language? Why react so extravagantly to a speech calling for measures to unite our divided world in ■a mutually enriching peace? As far as answers go, one can only surmlse v but as good a guess as any is that the Kremlin has been infuriated by Mr. Dulles’ renewed espousal of a peaceful evolution toward genuine free dom not merely in the captive satellite nations, but also in Russia Itself. This apparently touches upon one of the raw est nerves of the Soviet leaders, and hence their howling reaction to it. Where there is so much hurt, there must surely be very great sensitivity. The phenomenon is worth noting. To mix metaphors, it has all the earmarks of a real chink in the Red totalitarian armor. This Is Worse Than Judging a Baby Contest!' LETTERS TO THE STAR Defends Landmark Three most Interesting and beautiful buildings in Wash ington stand side by side: State, War and Navy, White House and Treasury. All the more interesting and beautiful because each is different. Following the Civil War. the men who had worn the Blue and the Gray blended their efforts to build the State. War and Navy Building, which is perhaps the finest example of French Renaissance in America. The White House has been restored (some wanted to tear it down); the Treasury has been cleaned on the outside, and all that the fine old State, War and Navy Building needs is a good scrubbing to restore it to its original classic beauty. But the powers-that-be have cast an evil eye on this fine building. Though it is one of the best built structures and the newest of the three, they want to demolish it, or remodel it to conform to the Grecian type of architecture as do most of our Government buildings. While we are still using ugly old World War I tem porary buildings, they want to destroy one of our largest, best built, and most expensive Government buildings, that cost til million (more than the White House and Treasury combined), would cost $2 million to demolish, and would cost many millions of tax payers’ money to replace. If this fine old building is demolished, look out for the fine old buildings of the Smith sonian and the Library of Congress! This little group of willful men seems to care no more for the wishes of the people than they do for the taxpayers’ dollars. For example, they built the Key Memorial Bridge beside the old home of Francis Scott Key. Then, to make way for a ramp to the bridge, they tore down the old home which would have been turned into a national shrine in any other city. This beautiful building of French Renaissance, which so long housed our State, War and Navy departments would be the pride of any other capital city in the world. The ■mere mention of its destruc tion is enough to make our great statesmen, generals and admirals, who occupied it. cry out from the grave in protest. Karl Vass. Boosts Burke As chairman of the Citizens’ Committee for Burke Airport, a fact-finding group dedicated to studying benefits which the proposed airport would bring to Fairfax County. I feel impelled to set the record straight. The Federal Government has proposed to turn over the present National Airport and the second airport at Burke as a package to a properly con stituted State or local airport authority. The fair depreci ated value of the present Na tional Airport has been set at approximately $11,500,000 by the Commerce Department, reflecting the fact that the airport's original cost has been largely amortized over the past fifteen years. Initial cost of the airport, plus subsequent Improvements, has totaled $36,364,956 of which *17,112.- 157 was In outright grants which the Government neither expects nor desires to recover. The remaining balance of $19,252,799 has been reduced to its current level through airport revenues which have totaled over $17,000,000. When the second National Airport, is built at Burke, the Federal Government expects to absorb half of the cost out right under the grant-in-aid formulas of the Aid to Airports Act under which airports have been constructed all over the United States. The Govern ment has stated its willing ness to accept a non-interest bearing note of the airport authority on the basis of the depreciated value of National for $11,500,000. The other half-share of Burke's cost will be assumed by the authority and financed by revenue bonds of the authority. In its early days National Pen name* may be used it letter* carry writer* 1 correct name* and addresses. AU letter* are subject to conden sation. Airport was not a paying prop osition. It was not Intended to be, and was operated as part of the Government’s pro gram of subsidy to the airlines during their Infancy. Today, however, all major carriers are free of subsidy, and rates at National Airport while far lower thivn at comparable fields in other cities—still re turned a net profit of $871,147 during 1956. Aircraft landing fees, space rentals, hangar charges and other rates at modern com mercial airports are set at levels which will guarantee a profit to the operating au thority, and those at the pres ent National Airport and at Burke would naturally be set to insure a continued profit. For example nearly 30,000 DC -7 and Super Constellations landed at Washington Na tional last year, paying an average landing fee of $7.50 each. Rates for these aircraft at New York's airports are be tween $22.92 and $24.44 each, or more than three times as much. If rates at National were set at the New York levels, revenues here would have been almost $500,000 greater last year. Similarly, hangar space rents at 45 cents a square foot at National, com pared to $1.25 at Pittsburgh. The facts prove that Na tional Airport is highly profit able today and that if both National and Burke are oper ated on a businesslike basis, they will pay full costs of debt service, taxes, current opera* tlons, and return a handsome profit to the airport authority for the benefit of our com munity. It has been estimated that Burke Airport will employ some 7,000 people, with an annual payroll of $32,500,000. This payroll would result in tax benefits to the State, besides stimulating business and in dustries. Fairfax also would receive considerable tax benefits from the many employes who would live in the county, and the others who would buy homes there. Burke Airport is indeed Fairfax County’s finest oppor tunity for progress and pros perity. Henry J. Rolfs. Matter of Fact Gene Goodwin in his article “High Court Test Seen in Po tomac Oyster Fight,” in The Sunday Star of April 21, states that the- Potomac River was given by grant with the Mary land Colony to Lord Calvert by King Charles I. This is in error, for the Charter of Maryland was granted to none other than George Calvert, Lord Baron of Baltimore, and neither he nor any of the subsequent Lords Baltimore were ever rightly known as Lord Calvert. James W. D. Kibler. (Editor’s note: The Btar re grets the error.) Spring Wilderness Our world is as a wilderness in spring, Awakening the marmot and the hare, The untamed foxes and the sleeping bear; The mighty taloned eagle, on the wing, Looks from his canyon craigs— a crested king — Where from a granite ledge he claims the air; He views the prospects and acclaims them fair, Spying the beaver at his terracing; Untrampled paths reveal no trace of man. Who lived in tents along the vaulted plain; The haughty brave—our first American . . , Will never pitch hi* migrant tent again; The wildernett, in undisputed plan, Lies undisturbed, within her vast domain. Maud* Trowbridgt Walrod Self-Defense Jack Rathbone ol the Ar lington Chapter of Defenders of State Sovereignty and In dividual Liberties has tried to . make political capital out of my address to the Arlington Council of PTAs, given on April 16. Mr. Rathbone was not in the audience that eve ning. and I fear he has re ceived a badly distorted ac count of the meeting. To im ply, as he does in his letter to Arlington PTAs, that “poli tics and race amalgamation” was the subject of my remarks is totally unwarranted and in accurate. My talk was intended to show that public schools are a part of representative govern ment. I gave a factual account of State constitutional and legislative authority, described the role of the State Board of Education, and described the respective roles of the local school board and the county board. In connection with the role of local governing bodies, I pointed out how far the re cent school legislation has de parted from time-honored lo cal option. I said that citizens and citizen organizations have a right and a duty to take ac tion f6r or against school is sues. Since Mr. Rathbone and his organization are constantly exercising that right, it ill be comes him to criticize others who exercise the same right. Gne of the important objec tives of the PTA is “to secure adequate laws for the care and protection of children and youth.” The PTA never sup ports candidates or political parties. It does, however, take positions on principles and is sues. after discussion and ap proval of its membership. This it did during the special ses sion last September, and its stand had. in my opinion, an important effect. For example, in the decisive vote to allow lo cal option as hn alternative to the Governor's cut-off plan, 39 members of the House of Delegates voted for the local option amendment. The larger issue in Virginia today is the preservation of local control of public schools —not desegregation. The PTAs have seen this clearly. In a statement of position made by the State Executive Commit tee on September 1, 1956, and signed by the State president, the PTA opposed curtailment of local control of public schools. As I am myself a PTA mem ber, I was well aware of PTA positions when I spoke to the Arlington Council of PTAs on April 16. My talk was in tended to give background on the respective responsibilities exercised over public schools at the several levels. The only references I made to the recent school laws were in connec tion with the curtailment of the powers of local school boards. Kathryn H. Stone. Member, Virginia House of Delegates. Humane Slaughter If the economy block in the Senate wants to save some money, they can defeat Sen ator Watkins' bill 5.1213 which provides for a Department of Agriculture-financed study of Improved methods for humane slaughter in the meat packing industry. This bill Is a smoke screen which would condone the present Inhumane slaughter methods while a Government financed study went about the pious motions of doing some thing constructive. No study is needed. The present methods are either right or wrong. Representative William A. Dawson, Utah Republican, has introduced a compulsory hu mane slaughter bill in the House that goes to the heart of the matter. His bill recog nizes the need for providing a merciful death for the millions of animals and fowl sold in Interstate commerce, and should be adopted Instead of the Watkins evasion. Fifteen foreign nations have already adopted compulsory humane slaughter legislation In this country, the Hormel and Klngan Companies are to be congratulated. They have voluntarily Installed humane carbon dioxide tunnels.-P. M. ON THE RECORD By DOROTHY THOMPSON Faults in Peaceful Liberation Crusade The best comment I have read on Secretary Dulles’ speech before the Associated Press was that of the London Telegraph: “Mr. Dulles wishes to be at once a pillar of so ciety and a patron of revolu tion." It is always easier to assert general moral principles than to deal with current realities. "Peace, justice, liberty" are words of excellent semantic content. They are “good” words, whereas, “war, aggres sive violence, despotism” are bad—so bad that even aggres sors and despots plead self defense and claim mandates from the people. But peace, justice, and lib erty are not synonyms. Sec retary Dulles' world, in which (by what process he does not name) all captive nations will be free, in which there will be justice under the “rule of law.” and both be achieved by “peaceful means,” is visionary. The American Revolution, to which Dulles referred (as the pattern of all desirable or "true" revolutions) was not achieved by peace but by war— and a very cruel war during which, and posthumously, many injustices were commit ted against the liberties of in dividual persons. Law Reflects Conscience The recent rising in Hun gary was not an act of passive resistance but of violent fury, in which “justice” on both sides was summary and bloody. Revolt and peace are contra dictions. "Law” always reflects an existent state of conscious ness and conscience. There can be no world law without common concepts of law. The strict Koranic law that gov erns the people of the Arabian desert is entirely different from the common law of the northern European peoples and of America, or the Roman law of the Latin countries. It is the ancient law of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth that makes no allowances for motive or provocation. Russian law is not Western law and never was. Laws governing the behavior of nations and the interna tional rights of individuals are invariably suspended during war. "Alien” property is held to cover the lawfully acquired THIS AND THAT By CHARLES E. TRACEWELL “Bugs?” asked Temp Jones, chummily. “Mice,” said the man with the sprayer. “There haven’t been any here for a long time,” replied Jones. The man gave a squeeze of his spraygun. After he had gone, Jones took a large piece of paper and carefully wiped where he had seen the man spray. It was a bit of humane sab otage. Then Jones opened the win dow wide, despite the raw day. He felt that he was develop ing a headache in just the hist few seconds. What a wonderful thing is imagination! »* * « Jones didn't tell the man that he had once put a slab of fine cheese beneath the office bookcase. It was gone the next morn ing, but whether the office mouse got it or the cleanup woman, nobody ever knew. Office mice come a dime a dozen, as the saying has it, and usually cause some flutter ing. Once, however, there was a young lady in Jones’ office who liked mice. Jones had found one rus ttllng around in his tall metal waste paper basket, unable to get out. and not liking his situation in the least. ** * * "Are you afraid of mice, Mr. Jones?” laughed the young girl. “Who, me?” smiled Temp Jones. “Well, I’m not exactly afraid of ’em. but I wouldn’t want one to run up my arm.” The girl leaned over the basket and put her hand down to the bottom. The mouse ran up her arm, but there was strictly no screaming. A capable left hand cap tured the frightened creature, and held it firmly at arm's length. “Now that you have it,” said Jones, edging away, “what are you going to do with it?” The girl grinned impishly. She looked particularly fetch ing, then, and no doubt knew it. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS BY THE HASKIN SERVICE Q. Years ago I read about some historic flight on which an engine repair was made with chewing gum. Can you identify the plane?—E. M. A. You probably refer to a repair made with chewing gum during the flight of the British dirigible R-34 from Scotland to Hempstead. Long Island, in July, 1919. The airship's pub lished log showed that on July 3, the day after leaving Scot land, “the starboard amidship engine had a cracked cylinder water Jacket.” It was quickly and safely repaired with a piece of copper sheeting, and “the entire supply of the ship's chewing gum had to be chewed before being applied.” Q. In the Middle Ages, were the workmen's guilds com parable to today's labor unions?—W. Y. A. Eventually the guilds developed Into associations of workmen ("Journeymen”) which have been described as property of individuals, and is confiscated by an enemy state. International peace is, indeed, the bulwark of any kind of International law. But wars are fought for liberty as well as conquest. There is just no way of packaging to gether peace, liberty and jus tice, short of the Isalahan mil lennium. The American slogan of “self-determination for all nations”—set forth during World War I and reinvoked by Secretary Dulles—has not Con tributed to world law, but to anarchy. Not every people who have claimed the right to be free and self-governing have been able to demonstrate the capacity to create a viable state. The universal applica tion of the principle has re sulted in endless partitionings, creation of new grievances and hostilities, and opportunities for the powerful, playing upon these, to create new empires. Crusades Don’t Win Peace Politics is always "the art of the possible.” It is not “principles” undefined because they cannot be defined—that create a successful foreign pol icy. Although Aristotle de fined politics as “the art of discerning what is good for mankind,” he realized that such discernment is not to be achieved by calls to a crusade. It still remains true that what is one man’s meat is another man’s poison, and that the hu man choice is never between white and black and good and evil, but between relatives relatives involving both causes and consequences. Discern ment requires the exercise of reason and realism and their application in specific places and on specific issues. Peace is not achieved by crusades but by accommoda tions. These may fall short of satisfying the principles of the accommodators. But they may nevertheless open the way for greater justice and more lib erty. neither of which are the fruits of cold wars nor of hot ones. From a crusade to liberate mankind and peacefully at that—this writer requests to be included out. The end result will be that America, preacher and meddler throughout the globe, will finally be isolated as a common nuisance. “111 show you. Mr. Jones,” she purred. “Have you got a small cardboard box?” Glad for an excuse to get farther away, Jones walked across the room and picked up an old box. “Just the thing,” said the girl, as she put the mouse in and clapped the lid on. “It should have some air," said Jones, coming forward bravely, now that the mouse was out of sight. ** * * The girl bored a few holes with the point of a scissors, and asked for a pen. She put the name of a brave former Marine on the box. and said, “Now, I’m go ing to put it in Jerry’s mail box.” The impish smile was at it" best when the brave man. a fact none could dispute, cau tiously pried the lid off the box. “Ha, ha, ha!” grinned she as the man dodged back as the captive mouse made good his escape. Dislike for rodents seems to be a part of some people, not of others. That is about all that can be said about it. The same with snakes. Snakes and mice “and other small deer,” as Shakespeare put it in “King Lear.” offer an easy test in this matter, erne which most persons, perhaps, would not relish. All one has to do is expose himself to one of these flitter ing things, as it makes its way in a hostile world. ** * * One can still feel sorry for it, as the extermiflator man sprays his deadly spray. One knows, as a result of much reading and experience, that the invisible liquid will leave its deadly mark. There will be no escape— for mice. Who can know in the days to come that there will be any escape for the rest of living things? We humans have worked our way around to such a peak of deadly perfection that we run a grave risk of forcing ourselves to take our own deadly medicine. It will serve us right if we outsmart our selves. the forerunners of modern labor organizations. Originally, however, the "masters” who controlled the crafts guilds were more like modern asso ciations of competing busi nessmen. The masters alone had the right to buy raw material and sell furnished products in the craft; the Journeymen worked for wages, and the apprentices received only board and lodging for their work. Q. What language is spoken in Greenland?—T. S. A. An Eskimo dialect known as West Greenlandlc has for a long time been the country's language; but as a result of economic and technical changes in Greenland. Danish has become a second language in many parts of the island. The Greenland National Coun cil holds discussions in both Danish and Greenlandlc, and there are publications In both languages.