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THE SUNDAY STAR, Washington, D. C. It'Nil AT APRIL »T, "|AI Herbert Hoover Bares Woodrow Wilson Trial By CARTER BROOKE JONES •tar Book Critic Herbert Hoover has written many book*, tha Aral. '•Principles of Mining." published In 1910. "American Indi vidualism" appeared in 1932. After his term as President his state papers and other public writings were collected, and his memoirs. In three volumes, came out In the present decade. His new book may be a surprise to many, but It ahould not be to those who know something of the for mer President and hls life. ! It is: THE ORDEAL OF WOOD ROW WILSON (McOraw- Hlll; «S.) It will be recalled, as Mr. Hoover does in his preface, that he was closely associ ated with President Wilson during World War I and the peace negotiations. Mr Hoover has never concealed his admiration for Woodrow Wilson the idealist. The Tragedy This is not a biography. It deals only with the crucial period when Mr. Wilson was waging war for what he conceived to be the freedom of people everywhere and when, later, he tried futllely to make a peace that would assure the principles for which we supposedly fought. And the failure of this cru sade for justice and lasting peace was the tragedy of Woodrow Wilson. During the war Mr. Hoo ver had first directed the re lief of the blockaded millions In Belgium and Northern France. When we came into the war, he was made food administrator for the United States. During the peace ne gotiations and for some time afterward he administered relief and reconstruction for all Europe. In this capacity he was In constant touch with President Wilson. In Close Understanding The story of the Wilson mission to Paris and what happened to it has been told , often, but never, it seems to me. more sympathetically or with such intimate knowledge of surrounding events and circumstances. Mr. Wilson was abused and misunder stood at home. Mr. Hqpver. who himself was subjected to | false accusation and malig nant vituperation in the 1932 campaign, though he never mentions that, realizes what the World War I President wept through in hls last years. And yet this book is not a mere panegeric to a thwarted Idealist. Mr. Hoover is ob jective in his judgments. He feels that Mr. Wilson made two mistakes which played at least a part in losing his fight for what he felt to be a just peace. One was when, with the war still on. late In : 1918. he appealed for the : election of a Democratic Congress. This aroused an tagonism out of a fine bl • partisan co-operation and : helped defeat the League of Nations covenant in the Benate. European Trip The other error, as Mr. Hoover sees it, was Mr. Wil son’s decision to go to Europe and personally direct hls country's negotiations. He would have been in a better position to have stayed home and let others negotiate. By appearing In person, he was outvoted and at the mercy of Old World diplomats. Mr. Wilson also found, when he reached Paris, that the cards were stacked against him; our allies had made secret agreements dur ing the war parcelling out certain territory in conflict with the Wilson 14 points. And the Germans and Austrians had laid down their arms believing that the 14 Points would be carried out. Week-by-Week Aecount Mr. Hoover's story of the week-by-week negotiations is decidedly Interesting. Col. House was a übiquitous figure everything had to go through him —as authorita tive (and controversial) as Harry Hopkins was to be under Franklin D. Roosevelt. Mr. Hoover, however, admired Col. House and regretted hls eventual break with Mr. Wilson. “In spite of failure and tragedy which was to come," Mr. Hoover writes, "it should ah* Sunday §tar | j|| WEEKLY BOOK SURVEY Z g. The Sunday Star has arranged \ Si „ o " with some of the leading book % " “ o i 5 sellers of Washington and subur- ° u 5 o “ o o • ban areas to report each week the w z - 1 < books which sell best as a guide o,« " <0 what Washington is reading 2 S >■ B§«'* §« 1 The numbers represent the rank £ 2 J z „ Z\r' * • i * of each book among best sellers at g*< Hl 5 y •■IS 2" 0 2 the store named. 1$ il! 2 * 3'S 'l i§ g Report for week adding April 25 I*l* *“ ® I■" ***i ?j * 13'3 I fiction 11 rrmrrn r' "Anatomy of 0 Mordor," Traror [I 1 1 !1111 214 [lll| 311 4:1 "The Widfkrop Women," Sofon 14 1 55 16 I 1 3 "let Falaco," Forfcor !3 1 2 2 5 6 1 "A Summer Fleco,” Wilton 2 3 6 2 42 6 'Greengage Suntmor," Godden 6 13 1 4 "The Mackerel Plain," Do Vriti 5 3 5 | | 6 3 NONFICTION “ . nrn M I I "MoitenofDeceit/'Heorer [ 641 1 5241 11 2 "Ineide Ruuio Today," Gunther ~1 1 tj4lll |2| |f| j 2 1 "Pleoie Don't Eat tho Doioiti," Kerr | '321 l|l|[ [Tf |_4J_3 3 "Tho Groat Domocraciot," Churchill | | j 4|4j 11 1 1 3 j i j 6 "Runio, tho Atom and the Weil," 111 I *1 Kennan 14|2 ||||ll6 I, I | 4|5 1 4 *Wharo Did~Yoa Go? Out," Smith | 5 i~f V 5 Ifs f r | |l4 j 1 be recorded here that Wood row Wilson made great gains for mankind, and the influ ence of hls Ideals has ex tended over these many years." Mr. Hoover is a clear and ■"* wßill 11 HERBERT HOOVER When he was Food Ad ministrator and member of Wilson's American War Council. cogent writer. His book Is an important contribution to a critical era In our history. ** * • Screen Idol THE IMMORTAL, by Wal ter Ross (Simon Si Schuster; $3.50) is a first novel de scribing in retrospect the life of a young movie actor who was idolized by teen-agers The story starts iith Johnny Preston's death while piloting his own plane. We piece together his life from various sources newspaper clippings, a phone talk, tape recordings of interviews, the recollections •of persons who knew the actor. Behind the Camera At first Johnny seems a rather ltkeaMe person.) He was intelligent; with a streak of brilliance, even well read, along certain lines: a high school athlete, with an ob session for driving cars and motorcycles furiously. Then we learn more about him. He was normal—he liked women, who threw themselves at him shamelessly—but he also submitted to perversion, to anything, if it would advance hls career. He was without manners, foul-mouthed. In sufferably self-centered. "The Immortal'' is a smooth job of writing, without much depth. The author transcribes literally some of Johnny's most obscene ex pressions. Nothing can be sug gested or taken for granted. ** • • Os Albert Camus Thomas Hanna, who is an assistant professor In the de partment of religion and philosophy at Hollins College, Roanoke. Va.. has added an other to the growing number of studies of the French writ er in THE THOUGHT AND ART OF ALBERT CAMUS (Regnery; $4 50). Mr. Ca mus won the most recent Nobel Prize for literature. After an Intricate and philosophical examination of all Mr Camus' writing. Mr. Hanna concludes that “Ca mus' works are more like con fessions than philosophical essays; they are the disturb ing revelations of a man who is painfully involved in the contradictions Si our times . . . the developing thought of Albert Camus is not to be considered as a pilgrimage which drives relentlessly to ward its Roal; for there is no such goal. The value which man seeks Is not In the fu ture, nor Is It beyond hls ken; It Is within man, part of hls nature, and Is to be found and Incarnated only In the creative tension of the pas sionate life.” Mr. Hanna Is a penetrating prober. r * o. ** p « - #r #4j. m ,f U ■ ' E-7 HIS YEARS IN TIIE WHITE HOUSE— Fifty-eight-year-old Woodrow Wilson, at left, as he looked shortly after assuming his duties as Presi dent. Right, a much altered Wilson, broken in health and frustrated in his campaign for world peace, shortly before the end of his second term in office. These pictures appear in “The Ordeal of Woodrow Wilson,” (McGraw-Hill). Written by Herbert Hoover, the book concentrates on the crucial years of Wilson’s public life, from the sinking of the Lusitania in 1915 to the defeat of the League of Nations concept in the United States.—Photo by Free Lance Photographers Guild. A Reporter Reviews the Hiss Case And Finds It Far From Settled By CHARLES B SEIB Sunday Editor of Tht Star “ ... In the Alger Hiss case there can be no com promise. Either Alger Hiss was a traitor to his country and remains one of the most colossal liars and hypocrites in history, or he is an Amer ican Dreyfus, framed on the highest levels of Justice for political advantage." Thus does Fred J. Cook, a New York newspaper re porter. set the stage for an engrossing examination of the events that led to the 1950 perjury conviction of Alger Hiss In the UNFINISHED STORY OF ALGER HISS to be published Wednesday by William Morrow Si Co. <53.75i. he sees the conviction as a "disturbing nettle on the American conscience." and he presents an Impressive array of reasons why. Was It a Raw Deal* This is no dispassionate re counting of the pros and cons of the Hiss case. Mr. Cook clearly feels that Mr. Hiss got a raw deal, that here were important flaws in the Gov ernment's case against him. But this position does not re duce the value of the book as a discussion of the facts in that complex case and a catalog of the mysteries that have still not been adequately explained. Probably the most fasci nating—and yet frustrating —section of the book 'which appeared in large part as a long article In The Nation magazine) is the story of "Woodstock 230,099.” That is the typewriter which pur portedly belonged to Mr. Hiss and on which some of the incriminating documents Whittaker Chambers said he got from Mr. Hiss purportedly were typed. “Forgery by Typewriter” It is a fascinating story largely because of the re sourceful detective work of Mr Hiss' lawyers In their unsuccessful attempt to get a new trial on the basis of the charge that he had been a victim of "forgery by type writer." Their investigation demonstrated that despite common belief a typewriter could indeed be "forged”— that is. made to perform so much like another typewriter than an expert could not dis tinguish between the work of the two machines. It also raised the possibility that the "Woodstock 230,099" that came from the factory could not have had the same type face as the machine produced in court. It produced expert opinion indicating that Mrs. Hiss did not type the docu ments, as charged, and that there was some question about the age and condition of the documents. This sec tion is frustrating because much of the material it de scribes was uncovered after the Hiss trial and has never been properly explored in a court ftf law. But the book's main con cern is the credibility of Whittaker Chambers, Mr. Hiss’s accuser. Mr. Cook brings that credibility into question by examining Mr. Chambers' contradictory tes timony on important points —the date he himself left the Communist Party, wheth er party dues were collected from Mr. Hiss, the relation ship between the Chambers family and the Hiss family. An Important Date The date Mr. Chambers left the party Is particularly important because logic de mands that it be later than the latest date on the State Department documents Mr. Hiss is supposed to have passed to Mr. Chambers. Mr. Cook points out that it was only late in the game that Mr. Chambers’ testimony met this requirement. He also de scribes some provocative out side testimony, supported by a piece of documentary evi dence, which would indicate that Mr. Chambers left the party at least a month be fore the crucial date. There are other Interest ing points raised: The strange selection of stolen documents, testimony by disinterested outsiders which would ap pear to undermine the Cham- bers version of the Hiss- Chambers friendship, bits of official interference with ef forts by Mr. Hiss' lawyers to explore the story of Wood stock 230.099. to name a few. A Sobering Reminder In addition to raising questions, refreshing falling memories on the elements in this famous case and pro viding details previously un publicized, "The Unfinished Case of Alger Hiss" offers a bonus: A sobering reminder of a strange and inglorious chapter in our history—the spy-chasing period when judgment and principle took a tfoliday Mr. Cook believes that If Mr. Hiss was unjusUy con victed. Mr. Chambers did not turn the trick alone. He must have had help and that help must have been official. And what would have moti vated such a diabolical con spiracy? Politics is Mr. Cook's choice. The HisS case developed you will remember, during the 1948 presidential campaign, a campaign in which, to use Mr. Cook's words, "the Republicans set out to prove that the Roose j Stories Show Limitations Os Fitzgerald's Talent By MARY McGRORY Star Sißf* Writer From their minor efforts we often learn what makes major writers So it is with AFTERNOON OF AN AI’THOR by F. Scott Fitzgerald, a selection as uncollected stories and essays edited by Arthur Mizener 'Scribner’s; $4.50'. These lesser works, many of which first appeared in the Saturday Evening Post reveal, even more sharply than the wonderful novels, Fitzgerald * limitations. He could write about orfly one class of peo ple. the spoiled darlings of the world, the man who had everything but still not enough, the rich and rueful —in his own phrase, the beautiful and damned. He had no values to speak of. It is too much to say he was a perpetual sophomore, but he was certainly an eternal Princetonian. There Is here a reminiscence of Princeton | written 10 years after his graduation that is almost embarrassing in its under | graduate fervor. In Romantic Awe Fitzgerald never saw thosfc Gothic spires except through i a nostalgic haze. He never j forgot the boy with the ] bloody bandage who made a touchdown in the twilight. And so it was when he be came wealthy and famous. He laughed at worldly stand ards. but he accepted them. Hemingway’s penetrating phrase about Scott's "ro- ! mantle awe of the rich” still | applies. Vet he is a great writer, as almost even the thinnest of these sheafs make clear. One of the reasons is that he could write. His gift is al most lyric. His prose has a quality at once elegaic and exhilarating. He observed with a closeness and preci sion that makes his subjects matter. And as Arthur Mlz ener says in an admirable Introduction. Fitzgerald com bined “the innocence of com plete Involvement with an almost scientific coolness of , observation, so that he near ly always wrote about deeply felt personal experience, and nearly always as if the im portant use of personal ex- i perience was to illustrate general values.” Favorite Themes These fragments concern the things that always con cerned Fitzgerald: the im portance of being accepted in a good Eastern prep school, and of capturing the most beautiful debutante of the season: later, how to live gracefully on *36.000 a year; and still later, how to stay j afloat in the gay interna j tional set, and how to keep writing; and finally how to | keep alive in Hollywood. Here, again, we see the gradual change from rue to 1 bitterness, from thinness to | brittleness, and the transfer frcgi winged security to pan- 1 velt and Truman administra tions had been so riddled with Communist sympathiz ers that spies had had a field day stealing some of the Na tion's most precious secrets." Another Chapter Due And thus does Mr. Cook arrive at hls conclusion that the Hiss case goes beyond a simple question of a possible miscarriage of jusUce. . . ." If Alger Hiss Is innocent.” he declares, “his conviction—a verdict that triggered the Re publican battle cry of '2O Years of Treason' and that slimy twin, the 'Tru man - Acheson -AD A. Con spiracy'—stands exposed as the most callous outrage ever perpetrated for base political advantage in America " Mr. Cook s work makes one hope—and almost fear—that there will be still another chapter in the Hiss story, that locked in some mind or perhaps even written down on a hidden piece of paper is Information which will, when brought to light, settle for once and all the question of whether justice was done or a terrible crime against a man and against the public was committed. icky unease. And here again there is the magic that Fitz gerald abused but never quite lost. Howard University Art Exhibition Howard University’s Gallery of Art has its best show of the season, in paintings by Hughie Lee-Smith. This De troit artist’s work was ftrst shown here four years ago; the present collection of 18 is entirely new. (Through May 6.) To those who saw the earlier show, however, these paintings will seem •familiar. For Lee - Smith continues to paint in a sound realistic manner, in his muted color schemes (largely gray blue, rose and light brown) and depicts the same theme: Young people on lonely wind swept shores, on the roofs of tenements, or in the bare outskirts of large cities. His paintings have a feeling of melancholy, but one which wins the viewer's sympathetic participation. The spiritual isolation of the figures in these paintings Is symbolic of the plight of young people lost in .today's crowded cities, lop numerous for any attention other than Impersonal institutional ap proaches. But what gives the paintings their special quality Is that Lee-Smith avoids the topical, there is no suggestion of violence or delinquency— only a brooding timelessness surrealistic In its intensity. The catalogue has a bio graphical and critical ap praisal of Hughie Lee-Smith’s painting by Prof. Porter, head of Howard's art depart ment. ** * • Suzuki Solo James Suzuki, who was represented yith a few paint ings in the Barnett Aden Gal lery's group exhibition early year, has a one-man show there (127 Randolph place N.W.) through next Wed nesday. (Today, 2-5; week days, noon to ?.) These abstract and ab stract expressionist works have beautiful and harmoni ous color schemes. Whereas his paintings shown here earlier had separate strokes drifting like snowflakes ac ross the canvas, many of the present group of 13 have larger strokes resembling puff-balls floating over the surface, or clusters of squares making map-like patterns (eg. ‘‘Golden Yellow” on a field of aquamarine and white.) » —F. 8. B. ART NEWS Churchill Paintings On View By FLORENCE BERRYMAN Siar Art Crltl« The resirospectlve exhibi tion of paintings by Sir Win ston Churchill Just opened in Natural History Museum Is Washington's moat impor tant show of the season, for reasons other than esthetic. Nevertheless, these are good paintings, with an instinct for pictorial beauty, with rich color, accurate perspec tive and effective composi tion. And undoubtedly thry have given, and will give Infinitely more pleasure to the majority of visitors to the show than do most of the paintings considered by the avant-garde to be the mLj -£ : . mmJf . v f IngSEfi > I. WF%j^ : MbSMrt i Hi SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL His paintings will be on view at the Natural His tory Museum through May 11. outstanding expressions of our time. So much factual data and comment about this show have appeared in the news and society columns for many weeks, and last Sunday in The Star Magazine with five illustrations, there would appear to be nothing left to say about it. But there are a few facets that bear polish ing. , In the first place. Church ill's stature as the greatest living man of the Western world, who did more than any other individual to keep It free, makes hls paintings newsworthy, in contrast to the fact that paintings make many professional artists newsworthy. Ironically, this is only if they do something other than paint, a silly sit uation which one hopes will change eventually. First Public Display In the second place. Churchill's attitude toward painting as recreation, after more than 40 years, is mod est to an astonishing degree, worthy of emulation by other pastime painters Visitors who study Churchill's work chronologically (from 1916 to last year) will note that the uncertainty and fumbling of the earliest efforts soon changed to facility. If any amateur has had reason to feel he was ready for wider recognition, it is Churchill. But he has kept his work a private joy, to be shared only with family and close friends, for nearly half a century. This is his first public display, to which he agreed reluctant ly. and in part at least, be cause of the persuasion of his close friend President Eisen hower. In contrast, many amateur painters, after gain ing some command of their media, are avid for public ex hibition and sales, critical appraisal, and otfier perqui sites of professional artists. That a man of Churchill's great gifts In several fields chose painting to relieve the tensions of his stormy career, should heighten its appeal as recreation, making it as val uable rs learning to play a musical Instrument, or In dulge in some other hobby. These paintings by Churchill are as pleasing to view, as competent performances by amateur musicians are pleas ant to hear. Sir Winston em ploys an impressionist tech nique, is realistic and ex trovert in his attitude to sub jects. A People's Painter He la truly a people's painter, who has learned his craft and uses it to capture glimpses of beauty quickly recognized by all who see them. He affirms the loveli ness of nature, through all the troubled times In which he has had major profes sional roles as statesman, orator and historian. The Smithsonian Traveling Exhibition Service is in charge of the national cir cuit of this show. Every painting is reproduced (12 in colors) in the catalogue "Winston Churchill the Painter,” with a foreword by President Elsenhower and a warm appraisal of the artist and his work by Alfred Frankfurter, editor of The Art News. The exhibition will remain In Washington, through May 11. ** * * Cement Paintings So familiar are Pietro Lazzarl's polychrome cement paintings, It is surprising to learn that the exhibition at IFA Galleries. 2623 Connecti cut avenue N.W., is his first one-man gallery show In this medium. (Through May 3.) Many improvements have been made in the galleries' arrangements for exhibitions. More 4han 20 polychrome W Ift mL*HP*|WPSE» |j % jiyf |!' M I * *'J|Pf . ' «#-SPfeH« AT THE NATIONAL MUSEUM —“Le Beguin ace. Bruges” painted by Sir Winston Church ill in 1946, in his first one-man exhibition, covering more than 40 years of his ‘‘pastime • painting.” eement works are variations of Lazzarl's themes of horses, women • and flowers. The flowing manes and arched necks of horses are turned into swirling linear patterns cut Into the cement, in which colors are held largely to white, blue and gold. On the other hand, colors dominate the figure and flower paint ings. Several sales had been made the first few days and a portrait commission ar ranged Several of Lazzarl’s beautiful traditional heads are on view along with mod ern sculptures, among them "Evolution," which appears to have been dug from some an cient site, or out of the ruins of a bombed city. Long Here This indefatigable experi menter has been a Washing ton artist for 15 years Visi tors not familiar with his biography will find it framed at the beginning of the show. Mr. Lazzaris talents are many. But I feel that turn ing cement into paintings to be hung on walls is a misuse of materials. These panels should be set into Interior walls, and into facades and patio walls, etc., where their permanent color and archi tectural textures would be attractive additions. Mr. lAzzari is to have a one-man show next month at Betty Parsons' Gallery. New York City, his fifth in the past decade. ** * * Third Annual The 3rd annual arts and crafts show of the Bureau of Aeronautics. Department of the Navy, opened in the main Navy building. Constitution Avenue at 18th Street, last Sunday, to remain through next Wednesday. It includes work in many media by per sons on the Bureau's staff, who have chosen art for rec reation. As is so often the case in such exhibitions, decorative arts and crafts reach a* de gree of excellence not at tained by works in painting and sculpture. However, there Is no doubt that the "best in show" award went to the right work: Richard Cooper's large oil painting of an in dustrial scene. Excellent designs, pleasing color scheme and admirable execution marked the hand made spreads, afghans. and kindred work by Marie Mux low. Mabel Larrabie, and Chellie Penney. ** * • Acheson's Latest Alice Acheson's most re cent paintings are on view at Franz Bader Galleries. 1705 G street N.W. until May 5. ail too short a time for this engaging show. Her sub jects are mostly landscape with incidental figures, gar dens and flowers and still life, executed in a broad im pressionist manner, with warm colors in harmonious combinations, and a feeling M Ik §B f I "T. - i A unique study by Herbert Hoover of the six crucial years in Wilson's politi cal life (from the sinking of the Lusi tania to the U. S. rejection of the Leaque of Nation concept) ...a testi mony to'his intellectual domination of the world. A non-partisan and thor oughly sympathetic account drown by a man best able to comprehend the ordeal of the presidency. 6.00 W&L—The Book Store, Ist Floor Washington Store Only NEW OPENINGS SIXTEENTH NATIONAL EXHIBITION or PRINTS Library el Centra**. May i-Au«u«i .11. EXHIBITION IN SEVERAL MEDIA ST rRF.DRICA riZLDS Til* Artljt a Mart I 161 WUconala avrnut. Car- I ren'-May 3 PAINTINOS DRAWINOS AND CM RAMICS BY GEORGS BAYLOR Th* Jtffrrton Plac* Oallary. if IS Connecticut avtnu*. April SB- May i! PAINTIHOa BY BALLY FOSTER. V**rhol OaUertai ISIS Connecticut •venue NW Currant-May 16 CONTEMPORARY DANISH ARCIII TECTURg Octaion. I fit Ntn Tara avenue Tomorrow-May SI MONROE BICENTENNIAL EXHIBI TION Th* Art* Club. 1017 fy* mr**t Today-May » | of sunshine and fresh air In the scenes. Mrs. Acheson travels ex tensively. so her landscapes have many locales, ranging In the present show from our own "Rawlins Park in Bloom” | 'as It actually was when tha show opened) to the breezy atmosphere of "Vineyard Haven Harbor" (ona of the show's beat) to the tropical color and warmth of planta tions in Antigua, to red roofed hill towns In Europe, i Her flower arrangements ara beautifully done, decorative and held to a few subtle har monies. ELIOT O’HARA, H.A. WATERCOLOR CLASSES Sot, April s—Sot., Moy 24 Telephono AD. 2-1665 r SUPPLIES J MUTH 11)2 NY. AVt. N.W. ST MUI I r»r mutw n*n | |fl BEST SELLER •CIPHASE DOKT EAT THE 1 A DAISIES ;.|ir u iobvious V f fun-feat. f tVUNMMHUI is m eoeaueav - HOW TO GET AND KEEP A HUSBAND by Kmt • Constance Tha book of a lifetime for the singla and mamed woman ... Sound, effica cious answers to 20th Century mar riafe problems. Da Danikl Pound, CHRISTIAN HERALD: ‘‘Definitely e courageous and intimately understanding volume " Da FaßDiatcs E»y, UNIV. OF TEXAS: "A remarkable book.” Edwin T. C, sandy's SYNDICATED BOOK REVIEWS: "Actual know-how. camdid. Good reading for men toot” 53.50 Prow your BookatUer Barrages A Ca„ 111 H. 2ttfe St. RMa. S. H.