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Antarctic Eaplcwr: Dr. Paul Siple, scientific Head of U.S.
"Operation Deepfreeze” a/ /Ar South Pole, uses glasses of water to teach daughters Arm, Mary and Jane about the properties of sound. The more water in glass, the slower sound waves travel through it —making a deeper musical tone Ep / « " ■IT *■“**- a Ls / 4 f J inL!k.»L 5 ,v ,'i 1 s -if 9 m ~ , *L I J ,/ *F f*tw* F I m^r Jo« CoveWo Their Children Science Here are six good ideas for every father raising youngsters in a scientific age. They add up to a home-education program that’s both invaluable and fun and Father’s Day is a good time to start! * America needs scientists.” You’ve been hearing that phrase ever since Sputnik I went into orbit last October. You’re going to' go on hearing it for some time to come. Estimates say the U.S. will need as many as half a million scientists by 1975. Where are they all going to come from? You might be surprised! Look around your own house and you’re likely to see a future nuclear physi cist or astronomer. Even more surprising, he will get his basic scientific training right at home. This is because scientists require not so much a body of dry facts as away of thinking plus curi osity which children have an enormous supply of. Will your child grow up to be a scientist? Not all will, of course, but all will have to live in an increas ingly scientific age. So remember one thing when thinking about your child’s future: in this era of expanding technology the scientist, far from being the bespectacled fuddy-dud of yesteryear, is today the man most likely to succeed. Mathematician t MlT's Dr. Claude Shannon, internation ally renowned for his contributions to "information theory," uses ping-pong ball to show Bernoulli's principle of physics to sons Bobby and Andy. When ball starts to fall out of air stream, increased velocity lowers pressure, forcing it back By MARIANNE BEBBER Can you teach science to your kids? The answer is yes! You don’t need special skills, expensive toys or even extra time. We asked some of the country’s top men of science what they do about teaching then own kids. All their suggestions are simple ones any parent can adapt. The fact that many scientists teach their IMs things for outside their own fields of specialization aaflerHnss how easy it ia. So why not use today, Father’s Day, as a starting place with these tips from scientists: “You can loam ham Itvtng things.” California Tech's outstanding young biologist, Dr. James Bonner, feels that the study of living things is won derful training for children as young as six or seven. “In our family we have looked at butterflies and caught them and noticed that there are different kinds, and discovered that there are books with pictures and names of butterflies. We have talked about how butterflies come from caterpillars and Atomic Plijilihl: Robert Moon built University ofChicago's history-making cyclotron, used in first sustained atomic reac tion. Here he teaches Julia, Peggy and Bob how to reason with homemade "logic-board.” Another favorite "leaming-aid" : the Bible — which teaches "revelation of truth through faith” H. WPB» L. JKr B fl^HB mMI ' m v Be. «9| B "*■ HSjt . JSVK %L- FzKRssI [ ■* % WWL* . w SHE Arthur Shay that one doesn’t have to take this on faith, but that one can catch a caterpillar and keep him on leaves in a cage and watch him pupate and come out a splendid creature. And we have gone even further and had our butterfly lay eggs on a leaf, watched the tiny caterpillars hatch out and grow and ultimately turn into pupae, and then into aduhs. “From this my children have learned that they can study any kind of living creature by watching it. I’d like to suggest that butterflies are very good for this purpose. Children like butterflies. They are easy to watch. They are interesting.” M Y«i can ham Aram • garden.” “Allowing chil dren to have a garden of their own or to help in growing plants in the family garden is the best way to stimulate their interest in plants,” says leading lady botanist Dr. Harriet B. Creighton. “In this way they become familiar not only with the plants, but with the insects and fungi which are pests. “The real challenge is to stay ahead of our chil dren,” she adds. lent way to teach new ideas is to capitalize on your child’s special interests. Hus is especially good with high-school-age children whose interests are strongly developed. Dr. Paul Siple, the explorer whose work in “Operation Deepfreeze” in Antarctica is one of the major contributions to the International Geophysical Year, often uses this approach. He has three daugh ters: Ann l7, Jane l5, and Mary— 11. “A few days ago Mary wanted me to illustrate some form of sound,” he says. “She needed tins information for a school project. I decided to use the girls’ musical interest to illustrate my point. “‘Do you remember the Mind girl we saw on TV who played Christmas music on water glasses?* 1 asked Mary. “‘Do you mean I should take a glass to school?* she answered, looking very excited. “We went out to the kitchen and in a few minutes had tried out the tone of several glasses. Since add ing water changes the tone of the glass, I asked Mary to see if she could match the glass with notes on the piano by varying the amount of water. “This sounded like Continued on page 40