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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 03, 1959, Image 1

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Cloudy, not as cold tonight, some freezing
rain or sleet after midnight; low near 30.
Warmer with rain tomorrow; high about 45.
Temperatves Today
Midnight 23 6 am 20 11 am 31
2 am... 22 • am 22 Noon ...36
• a.m....21 10 am 28 1 pm —36
107th Year. No. 34.
Tension Eases
On Second Day
Os Integration
Four Negroes Enter
Stratford Quietly;
Cautions Relaxed
While largq numbers of
policemen continued to patrol
outside the building, Stratford
Junior High School quietly
went about its second day of
Integration in Arlington today.
This morning’s arrival of foyr
colored seventh graders was
Arlington Eyas Truancy Law. Pago 1-1
Norfolk Starts Second Day of Intogra
tion joocafally. Pogo A-12
even less eventful than the
tradition-shattering introduc
tion of mixed classes which
took place calmly yesterday.
Whlte-helmeted police still
were guarding all approaches
of the modern, three-story
school at 4100 Vacation lane.
But their numbers had been
Still Heavily Armed
Police continued to carry
tear gas guns, gas masks and
other riot-type equipment in
addition to regulation pistols
and night-sticks.
Contrasted with yesterday’s
slightly - higher - than - normal
attendance, there were 106 ab
sentees today, or nearly 10 per
cent of the total enrollment.
Average absenteeism is 7 per
cent. A week ago today 04
pupils were absent.
Stratford officials said they
made a telephone check of ab
sentees’ homes and found only
six children whose parents
gave integration as the rea
son for non-attendance. Some
of these said they were uncer
tain what course to take and
might send their children
back later.
There was some relaxation
in the manner of allowing stu
dents and authorized school of
ficials to approach the school
in cars and buses. Parking
still was banned around the
school area, but police per
mitted cars to discharge pas
sengers at the main front en
First, however, the cars were
carefully checked at Lorcum
. lane, a block of the school.
Police permitted them to con
tinue after opening rear doors
for inspection.
Crowds Absent
There were no pickets,
crowds or even curious spec
tators as the school children
arrived before the 8:45 am.
The four new colored stu
dents used the same method
of reaching and entering the
school as yesterday. They were
driven to the rear entrance on
Old Dominion drive in the car
of one of the fathers.
They were not stopped or
spoken to by anyone as they
smilingly approached the en
trance, until a group of
photographers shouted “Good
morning" to them. The chil-l
dren greeted them in return,
and proceeded toward the door,
the three boys in front and
the lone girl following.
At the door the girl, Gloria i
Thompson, seized the wrong
door handle and could not get i
in until one of the boys opened
the right door. They then
went in to their home room
The relaxation of tensions;
around the school was mir-
Arabs' Propaganda
CAIRO, Feb. 3 (AP).—A con
ference of Arab information of
ficials has recommended estab
lishing a co-ordinated Arab
propaganda system with a
budget of $1,800,000. It also
called for setting up five new
Arab information offices abroad.
Star Want Ad
Sells Piano
First Day
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ed to sell her piano. She
struck the right sales note
by advertising in the re
sultful columns of Star
Classified. She found a
buyer the first day her ad
If you have something to
sell, big or little, from
pianos to ping pong pad
dles, get fast-action by al
ways using Star Classified
... Washington's preferred
classified medium by more
than 3 to 1 according to an
American Research Bureau
Call STerling 3-5000
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Phone ST. 3-5000 ★★ WASHINGTON, D. C„ TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1959-46 PAGES Home Delivered: KL'ZSrUZ,.*”'*' SS 5 CENTS
1 4 i' . j
imii iMiiiiii m
. f
iff ~-*m
Arr s ■ A . fct. 'VR.' f y&SFy
'K : ’ * * v
low "Bridge, everybody down
The mighty carrier Independence tipped the mast on its superstructure
and cautiously made its way out to sea under the Brooklyn Bridge yes
terday with the help of tugs. New York’s lower Manhattan is seen in
the background.—AP Wirephoto.
Crosby Freed
In Perjury Case
Acquittal Directed
For Teamster Boss
District Judge Joseh R. Jack
son today directed a verdict
of acquittal for Clyde Crosby,
Oregon Teamsters Union boss,
charged with perjury before the
Senate Labor Rackets Commit
tee in 1957.
The judge said the Govern
ment had failed to provide
"sufficient proof” that Mr. Cros
|by perjured himself when he
testified about an alleged meet
ing in November. 1954. con
cerned with a suspended offi
cial of the Oregon Liquor Con
trol Commission.
However, Judge Jackson made
it clear that he was not di
recting the not guilty verdict
on the question of whether or
not Mr. Crosby lied. “Some
body lied; that’s obvious," the
(judge said.
The directed verdict came,
he said, because the commit
tee asked questions that were
not material to or within the
authority of the investigation.
Meeting Disputed
The Government had
charged in opening arguments
of the perjury trial yesterday
that Mr. Crosby' met with
James B. (Big Jim) Elkins of
Portland, an admitted gam
bler, and Thomas J. Sheridan,
the former liquor commission
Appearing before the com
mittee in March, 1957, Mr.
Crosby testified he had not
met with the two men as El
kins had previously claimed.
But attorneys for Mr.
Crosby raised the point that
the committee had not acted
in the scope of its authority
in questioning Mr. Crosby
about this matter.
They contended that the
questions asked by the Sen
ators were not material to the
committee function of inquir
ing into "illegal or Improper
practices” involving under
world infiltration of labor
In an effort to refute this
position. Government attorneys
today called Senator McClellan,
chairman of the Senate Rack
ets Committee, as a witness.
The Senator, reviewing testi-
See CROSBY, Page A-6
Polaris Launcher
Arrives in Florida
Feb. 3 (AP).—The ballistic
missile launching ship U. S. S. !
i Observation Island has arrived
at its new home base.
The 563-foot vessel, a future
floating launching site for the I
Navy's Polaris rocket, cruised <
into port yesterday to under- i
go preliminary instrumentation l
checks. i
The ship will be assigned to ;
the Atlantic Missile Range in i
several months with the mis- <
. of firing the Polaris at sea.j
©he Itienitm
G.O. P. Calls on Public
To Seek Spending Curb
Letter Campaign Asked at Conference
Os Republican Leaders and President
St»r 8t»B Writer
President Elsenhower and Republican congressional
leaders today called on Americans who want Federal spend
ing held down to start writing letters to their Senators and
The call was voiced by House Republican Leader Halleck
after he and other G. O. P. congressional leaders conferred
for nearly three hours with the
President at the White House.
Promising that most Repub
licans in Congress will “be in
there slugging to hold the
Six-Year Housing Bill Expected to
Ross Soon. Poge A-6
budget line,” Mr. Halleck in ef
fect appealed for public sup
port to sway Democratic votes.
Spenders “Vocal”
He said that of course the
people who want the Federal
Government to spend more;
money are “being very vocal”;
in pressuring for their projects
in Congress.
But the G. O. P. House leader
said he believes there are many
more Americans who think that
Federal spending should be
held down to curb inflation.
“It is high time,” he said,
“for the people of the country
who believe in the budget to
begin making their voices heard
in the Capitol.”
Hits Aid Measures
He told reporters that the
President shared this view
"very definitely.”
Mr. Halleck said hopes for a
balanced budget were threat
ened particularly by Demo
cratic proposals for housing,
Coach Hanged in Effigy
When Quiz Team Loses
A victorious Georgetown Uni
versity team has placed another
college coach in jeopardy.
Irate Northwestern University
students yesterday hanged in
effigy James C. McLeod, coach
of their varsity quiz team.
The incident followed a tele
vision quiz match Sunday in
which Georgetown eggheads
wittily drubbed a previously
unbeaten Northwestern squad.
Apparently considering them
selves intellectually disgraced by
the defeat, the Evanston (111.)
students strung up from a cam
pus tree a papier-mache dummy
labeled “McLeod."
The hanging was considered
in some circles gloomy evidence
of the consequences of a policy
that inspires students to de
mand victory at all costs. It
also was interpreted here as an
added indication that North
western is overemphasizing aca
Georgetown officials today
t I
Federal aid to airport construc
j tion, and aid to education.
These three measures alone,
'he said, call for obligational
authority amounting to more
than $3 billion over and above
administration proposals.
If Republicans should be
overwhelmed in fighting off the
spending proposals, Mr. Halleck
said their sponsors “ought to
have courage enough” to pro
pose ways to raise the money to
finance them without adding
to the national debt.
Senate G. O. P. Leader Dirk
sen said those at the White
House conference also discussed
efforts to establish uniform
rules for the share local com
munities should bear of the
cost of all types of water proj
ects, from reclamation dams
to big flood-control programs.
No Shining Example
HONG KONG, Feb. 3 <AP).
—Two shoeshine boys have
been sentenced to six strokes
of the cane by a juvenile court
because of their business oper
ations. They were convicted
of splattering white paint on
the shoes of passersby, then
offering to clean them for a
- did not deny that they had
r formed their team around boys
openly recruited without re
' gard for athletic ability.
In fact. Coach Frank A.
Evans, who spends some of his
time directing the Georgetown;
Honors Program, said the four
J team members have demon-!
5 strated little prowess in sports.
' He said they concerned them-;
selves primarily with science,
■ literature and history and‘
1 writing for the school news
Working out in the George
r town library this week in prep
aration for next Sunday’s game
I with a formidable Princeton
• team in the CBS “College Quiz
’ Bowl” are J. Dennis Duffy, a
i junior from Louisville. Ky.;!
» Paul Janensch, a junior from
i Winnetka, HI.; Timothy Mur
' phy, a junior from Milton,
Mass., and the team captain,
Michael Hughes, a senior from
Heights, Ohio. i
Russia Warns West
On Obsolete A-Arms
Russians Hold
U. S. Convoy
In Germany
Trucks Detained
For Hours in Sight
Os Western Zone
BERLIN. Feb. 3 (AP).—The
Russians today held a United
States Army convoy of four
cargo trucks and five soldiers
on the East German autobahn
within sight of the West Ger
man border. The convoy was
en route from Berlin to West
The United Btates Army
charged that the convoy had
been detained for more than
24 hours with the “obvious in
tention of creating an Incident"
on the 110-mile lifeline.
The Red Army was handed
two stern protests and de
mands for immediate release of
the men and trucks.
But the Russians brushed oS
protests and negotiations for
release of the convoy bogged
down. _
Inspection Refused
The corporal in charge re
fused Soviet demands for in
spection of the open cargo of
jeeps on the truck last night.
He and his men spent the night
muffled in blankets in the
The corporal also spurned
the Soviet Suggestion that he'
could take his truck back to
West Berlin.
The United States Army unit
at the Helmstedt checkpoint,
just over the border in West
Germany was able to supply
the men with hot meals, how
The Soviet Army let the con
voy pass out of West Berlin on
the 110-mile run through Com
munist East Germany but
stopped it at the checkpoint
at Marienborn at 1:05 p.m.
yesterday Just as it was ready
to croM into West Germany.
The autobahn is the road
link from the West to allied
garrisons in isolated West Ber
Trying to Get Clearance
The men, all personnel of the
28th Transportation Battalion,
were listed by the Army as:
Corpl. Richard C. Masiero,
West Stockbridge, Mass.; Pfc.
Benjamin G. Peoples, Theodore,
Ala.; Sp./4 Elwood F. John
son, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Sp./4
James E. Cook, Hardeevllle,
S. C„ and Pfc. Robert E. Love,
Plain City, Ohio.
The Army announced this
morning it was in contact with
Soviet officials in Berlin and
Frankfurt and was trying to
get the trucks cleared into West
“They (the Russians) indi
cated only that they would
take our request under con
sideration,” said a United
States Army spokesman after
Findlay Bums, political ad
viser to the United States mis
sion in East Berlin had pre
sented the request.
Allied military trains and
civilian highway and air traf
fic were running normally in
and out of West Berlin even
while the convoy was blocked.
, Western officials at the fron
; tier said the Russians were re
i fusing to allow the convoy to
pass into West Germany but
were not preventing it from
1 returning to Berlin.
However, the officials said
the United States corporal
commanding the convoy, had
spurned the Soviet suggestion
that he take his trucks back
to Berlin.
Link to Dulles Visit
It was the first serious in
terference since November 14
with allied military traffic
along the highway lifeline be
tween isolated West Berlin and
West Germany. Then three
United States Army trucks
were held up for 8'.6 hours
when their drivers refused to
let Soviet sentries inspect their
cargoes That convoy finally
returned to West Berlin.
Allied drivers are under
See CONVOY, Page A-6
250 Million Children
Get No Schooling
Feb. 3 (AP).—A United Nations
survey shows that only slightly
more than half of the world's
children between ages 5 and 14
are attending school.
The 1,387-page study made
by the U. N. Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organ
ization said 250 million children
out of a total of 550 million
are not receiving formal school
The report stated, however,
that school facilities are ex
pending more rapidly than
Bonn Sees Early Talks
With Reds Almost Sure
Berlin, German Unity and European
Security Expected to Be Discussed
luropMD Correspondent of The Star
BONN.—It is accepted as virtually certain here that a
conference with Russia on Berlin, German reuni
fication and European security will be held this spring.
The conference, it is believed, will not be held either In
Warsaw or Prague, as Premier Khrushchev suggested. Most
certainly, the point of departure for the conference would
not be the lengthy Russian draft
of a peace treaty which includes
the plan to “demilitarize” the
free city of West Berlin, pend
ing reunification.
Calls for Talks
Yet there is a growing feel
ing here, as elsewhere in Eu
rope, that the Western reply
to these proposals should be
receptive enough to draw the
Russians into talks. Even Chan
cellor Adenauer, despite his
reputation for inflexibility on
the question of negotiating with
the Kremlin, is not now likely
to insist on preconditions which
would close the door on a pos
sible summit conference.
Yesterday, in fact, the Ade
nauer government called for a
four-power East-West meeting
on the German problem late in
May, to be preceded by a meet
ing of the Western allies, in-
McElroy Denies Claim
Weapons Are Outdated
Secretary of Defense McElroy
said today he “disagreed cate
gorically” with the Russian
jcha r ge that this country’s
nuclear weapons are outdated.
He told reporters at the Cap
itol that the statement of
Air Foret Firtt Thor on 19-Minute
Notice. Rage A-5
Soviet Defense Minister Rodion
Malinovsky “sounds to me like
a kind of war of nerves state
Mr. McElroy made this com
ment during the noon inter
mission of a House Armed
Services Committee closed ses
sion at which he and Gen.(
Nathan D. Twining. Chairman
:of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,;
were questioned for several
hours about the United States
j "military posture.” They were
to be questioned in open session
later today.
Mr. McElroy said he would
not comment in detail on the
Russian statement until he had
an opportunity to read and
study it. From what he knew
of it. he said, he was very
doubtful that the Russians have
achieved pinpoint accuracy in
delivering hydrogen bomb war
"I would be most interested
in knowing what pinpoint ac
curacy means to them. If it
means they could practically
hit the point of a pin, I’d be
very doubtful.” he said.
Mr. McElroy said United
Williams Finally Freed
In Long Insanity Row
Star Staff Photo ! 1
Dallas O. Williams walked 1
,out of Municipal Court today, J
a free man, just one year after j
he was arrested for drunken- 1
ness and became a central fig- '
ure in court debate over the ]
District’s insanity laws.
Municipal Court Judge Thom- '
as C. Scalley accepted his '
i guilty plea to the intoxication ;
charge. The Municipal Court of ;
Appeals last week reversed his !
July ruling in which he had '
found “thq bad man of Swam- \
poodle" not guilty because of '
Judge Scalley today sen- ,
tenced him to 30 days in jail
Sand gave him credit for the
1 time he had already spent
j there.
Before the court was a letter
; from St. Elizabeths Hospital
| saying that four staff psychi
atrists were “completely unan
imous" that Williams was not
|of unsound mind.
The appellate court had rec
ommended that Williams, who i
has a criminal record dating
back to 1933, be returned to
St. Elizabeths under civil pro
ceedings. But United States i
Attorney Oliver Gasch, noting
the psychiatrists' findings,
notified Chief Judge Leonard
P. Walsh that this now would
be impossible.
“Mr. Williams does manifest I
mild symptoms of organic dam- i
age the brain," Dr. Winfred i
N#w York Morkets, Pago A-17
cluding West Germany, in
Washington in early April.
The chief reason for this
willingness to parley is quite
obvious: If negotiations on Ber
lin and the rest of Germany
are under way before the end
of May, it is considerably less
likely that Mr. Khrushchev will
go through with his plan to
turn Russia’s responsibilities in
Berlin to the East German pup
pet government.
Despite the “absolute con
fidence” voiced by German
Communist boss Walter Ul
bricht that nothing can pre
vent the transfer from going
through on schedule, many ob
servers here are less sure. The
Russian leaders have not hesi
tated to pull the rug out from
under their satellite friends in
the past when it suited their
See BONN, Page A-6
States officials frankly concede
that Russians have superiority
! in some fields, particularly in
thrust power to launch missiles
and satellites. He declared,
’ however, that in the intercon
tinental ballistic missile field,
i “we have a thrust quite ade
' quate to send missiles to Mos
"From what you tell me of
the statement,” he said to re
porters, “it sounds to me like
somebody talking in a com
petitive business. I believe our
intelligence gives us a pretty
; good picture and we are not
.concerned by any such boast
; ful statements that our nuclear
weapons are outdated.”
| The Air Force's top missile i
man, however, declined to dis
pute Russian claims that they
j have ICBMs which could hit
the United States.
Maj, Gen. Bernard L.
Schriever, head of the Bal
listic Missile Division, gave this
; reply when asked by the House,
| Space Committee whether the
Russians have the capability
to fire a rocket from Moscow
to Washington.
“I really can’t say. I don’t;
know that they do and I don’t
know that they don’t.”
Asked specifically by news
men after the hearing for
comment on the claim of pin-1
point accuracy, Gen. Schiever
said that anything that the
Russian leaders make claims
about must be considered seri
Overholser, hospital superin
tendent, wrote. But, the su
perintendent added, “The de
gree of mental disease, or devi
ation from normal, is not of
sufficient severity to warrant
execution of affidavits that he
is of unsound mind. . .
Williams was first sent to
St. Elizabeths last April after
Judge Scalley heard testimony
from District General Hospital
psychiatrists that the defend
ant was mentally ill. The U. S.
District Court and Court of Ap
peals later reversed the judge,
contending that the April'hear- :
ing was limited to determining;
whether Williams was able to
stand trial.
At a second hearing in July.
Judge Scalley decided Williams
was competent to be tried but
refused to accept his guilty
plea and sent him back to St.
The Municipal Court of Ap
peals last week held that Judge
Scalley did not have the right
to find Williams of unsound
mind last July on the basis of)
testimony he had heard in
llpril. Acting Judge Nathan
Caton called Judge Scalley’s
proceedings a “sanity inquisi
The decision noted that all
Washington court levels have
been instructed through the
Williams case not to send a
person charged with a crime
to a mental hospital without
benefit of jury or other legal!
rights if the person is able to;
trial. I ;
Hails Own
ICBMs as
MOSCOW, Feb. 3 (AP)
Soviet Defense Minster Rodion
Malinovsky told the West today
that its nuclear weapons are
outdated. He said the Soviet
Union has intercontinental bal
listic missiles that can deliver
hydrogen bomb warheads with
pinpoint accuracy.
The Russian Marshal told the
21st Congress of the Soviet
Communist Party that the West
wants to “unleash war with
nuclear weapons, but this is an
outdated means.”
“We have more perfected
weapons,” he continued, "bal
listic rockets—long, middle and
close range—that can carry
their hydrogen charges to any
point on earth ... to the very
point, for they are very ac
Claims Rapid Advances
A summary of the Defense
Minister’s review of Soviet de
fenses was broadcast by Moscow
“If war is imposed on the
USSR,” he said, “the rocket
weapons will constitute the
; fighting force, capable of ac
complishing the most important
tasks in the air, on land and
sea,” the Marshal said.
He reported that the quality
of armaments and technical
equipment of the Soviet Army
has improved rapidly in the
last few years and that at pres
ent the Soviet Air Force has
the most modem means of
carrying out military tasks.
The navy also has attained a
very high level, he said.
Warns United States
Then he sharply told the
I United States:
“It is written very frequently
overseas that the United States
Navy is capable of landing
troops at any point on our
j coast.
“It appears to me that it
would be a good thing for those
overseas to give a thought
j about the vulnerability of their
(own seacoast.”
His rocket claims echoed
(Premier Khrushchev’s opening
speech to the congress just a
(week ago. Mr. Khrushchev
said the “serial production” of
ICBMs had been organized, and
“If the Soviet Union can
launch a rocket hundreds of
thousands of kilometers into
outer space, it can launch pow
erful rockets with pinpoint
i accuracy to any part of the
Marshal Malinovsky said the
Soviet armed forces will do
possible to assure
world peace as well as to pro
vide the security essential for
See MOSCOW, Page A-8
Area Faces Chance
Os Snow or Sleet
The Washington area faces
some chance of snow or sleet
tonight, the Weather Bureau
'said today, but tomorrow will
j be warmer with a likelihood of
i rain.
The temperature was slated
to rise to the mid 30's before
nightfall today with consid
?rable cloudiness. Tonight will
be cloudy and not as cold with
a low of 30 degrees and the
prospect of slippery streets.
Lowest temperature during
the past 24 hours was 20 de
crees at 6 a.m.
THIN-SKINNED skin Bi*cn who
can't quite scare up the funds to
heod for warm climes during the
winter are taking advantage of
courses in the sport. They will be
offered in March by the YMCA and
the Atlantic Skin Diving Council, at
outlined today by Star Outdoor Editor
Charles Covell on the Leisure Page,
mended to parents who have re
ceived conflicting advice from two
doctors on treatment of their
daughter. Dr. Peter J. Steincrohn
| gives his reasons for his answer to
day in his column. Stop Killing Your
| self, on Page B -18.
Guide for Readers
.Amusements B-8 Feoture Page B-18
Business and Lost, Found A-3
Finance A-16-17 Music $-9
Classified B-10-15 Obituary A-18
Comics B-19-21 Leisure Sp'rts A-23
Crossword . 8-20 Sports A-20-23
Editoriol A-14 TV-Radio 6-16-17
Editorial Woman's
Articles A-15 Section B-4-7
Have The Slot Delivered to
; Your Home Daily and Sunday
Dial STerling 3-5000

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