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C. as second class moil matter Member of the Associated Press The Associated fress is entitled exclusively to the use far republicatlon of all the local news printed in this newspaper os well as A. 9. news dispatches. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1959 A-10 No Thaw in Moscow There Is no point in attempting to put a softer face on the results of Prime Minister Macmillan’s trip to Moscow. As far as bringing about any improve ment in the international climate is concerned, the trip has been a total failure. In a negative sense, some benefits may have been derived. Thus, if Mr. Macmillan really went to Moscow on a “reconnaissance" mission, he has seen and learned a few things. Primarily, he must have learned that his opposite number, Mr. Khrushchev, is a harsh, crude man who is not responsive to tra ditional diplomatic approaches. And he may have obtained some impressions as to why Mr. Khrushchev is so arrogant and so uncompromising. If so, these impressions, when passed on to the other Western heads of state, should serve to fortify the united front which the West must resolutely maintain in the face of Soviet threats. And the West, in this sense, most assuredly in cludes the people of the Western coun tries. In the aftermath of the almost insulting treatment of the British Prime Minister, there should be no popular misconceptions as to the gravity of the situation which will confront us in Ger many in the next few months. For all of his seeming intransi gence, it is difficult to believe that Mr. Khrushchev will provoke a war over the Berlin and German issues. And cer tainly the West will not wilfully do this. These are issues which should readily yield to earnest negotiations, and it will be a monstrous crime against hu manity if they have to be resolved by war. Nevertheless, the. threat of war is something which must be faced. And there is little evidence, as far as we can see, that it is being faced in any very realistic sense at this time. Assignment to Rio President Eisenhower is calling upon a versatile and able person in nomina ting Mrs. Clare Boothe Luce to be our next Ambassador to Brazil. The attrac tive New Yorker has won distinction in many fields—as magazine editor, play wright, correspondent and author in the field of international affairs, member of Congress and diplomat. From 1953 to 1956 she served as our Ambassador to Italy, a critical period in that country’s postwar economic and political develop ment. From the earliest days of her active interest in international affairs, Mrs. Luce was outspoken in her warn ings against Communist designs. Her appointment to the post in Rio de Janeiro comes at a time when a no table effort is being made to strengthen ties within the American hemisphere. Among our neighbors to the south, Brazil has been one of our staunchest allies. Its size and resources contribute to its importance in the American com munity. Relations between Washington and the Brazilian capital will be in good hands when Mrs. Luce takes up residence in Rio. Logical Route Decision The Virginia State Highway De partment has made a logical choice of proposed “corridors” through thickly populated Arlington County for Vir ginia’s newest interstate expressway, Route 66. In deciding on the so-called Fairfax drive-Bluemont corridor, State officials have followed the recommenda tions of local authorities concerned, including the Arlington County Board, county planners and road engineers, a citizens’ advisory committee and a pro fessional consultant. All agreed that the route selected, while somewhat longer than more northerly courses under con sideration, would cost less and would cause less disturbance to property own ers than the shorter routes. It was inevitable, of course, that the cutting of such a superhighway through Arlington would involve the destruction of some homes and other ; buildings. Route 66, running largely across open country from Strasburg, : Virginia, to the Potomac River at Wash : ington, was not dreamed of when Ar : lington was undergoing its rapid growth in recent years. It was not given se rious consideration by Virginia until the | enactment in 1956 of the Federal Inter • state Highway Act, under which the • Federal Government will pay 90 per • cent of its cost. All of the route had been selected • as far as an intersection with the • proDOsed outer circumferential high • way, near’Dunn Loring. when contro : versy arose in Arlington over the course the expressway should take through that county. Strong civic opposition arose over proposals to run the high way through heavily congested areas in North Arlington. Ahd county officials were opposed to a plan for broadening Arlington boulevard into a leg of the expressway. The compromise finally agreed upon will carry the expressway generally along the line of the old Blue mont division of the Washington It Old Dominion Railroad —a location that will minimize the impact on private prop erty. The precise course of the highway through this corridor will be charted later, after engineering surveys. Thus, there will be some flexibility in deciding on exact location of the right of way within the corridor. Whenever consist ent with engineering requirements, the flexibility of choice ought to be used to the fullest in easing the adverse effects of the expressway on homeowners and other property holders along the route. G. 0. P. Face-Lifting Forty-four Republicans have been given a mission that will challenge their political Imagination and ingenuity. It is, in brief, to write a new definition of Republicanism calculated to intrigue the Nation’s voters. The need was demonstrated last November. Appointment of the task force has been in the making for the past month, and was preceded by critical and sepa rate examinations by top party leaders of the G. O. P. defeat last fall. National Chairman Alcorn was among the first to publicize the need for sofnething in the nature of a fresh start for the party and he is forecasting now that the project will add up to “a more exhaus tive and significant study” of purposes and objectives than has, ever been un dertaken by a political party in this country. Certainly the G. O. P. concern about its “image” in the public eye is under standable and the interests of an effec tive two-party system in the country call for clarification, if not a reshaping, of the Republican philosophy. President Eisenhower, for example, has expressed his regretful opinion that “some of the features of this (Republican) face have become distorted . . . unfairly.” Mr. Alcorn has put the problem more in terms of constructing a new face, rather than correcting the old one, ifi empha sizing that the 44-member committee must direct its attention to “the vast horizons of the new era we are enter ing and our responsibilities as a political party in these changing times.” As a practical matter, of course, the Republicans are divided among them selves—just as are the Democrats—and any definition of common purpose must be adjusted to reconcile divergent views. The makeup of the committee itself reflects a full awareness of this fact of political life. Included are representa tives of virtually all. of the professions, of business, of labor, of practical politics, of conservative and of liberal factions, men and women, young and old. Significantly, the chairmanship has been handed to an energetic 39-year-old industrialist, Charles H. Percy of Chi cago, who has moved in the past few years to the forefront among the non professional Republican leaders. Mr. Percy is going to need all of his talents. For the political fortunes of the G. O. P. are not going to be sal vaged by a face-lifting which amounts to nothing more than glib slogans and vague promises. The party wi’l have to find some vote-getting ground on which to stand. It has searched for years without finding this ground, and it is not going to be easy to find it in the future. 'Leap in the Dark' From the standpoint of both senti ment and principle, free peoples every where have reason to be pleased when ever a country moves away from auto cratic or dictatorial rule and under takes to govern itself through the dem ocratic process. This is what the old Himalayan kingdom of Nepal, for the first time in its long and picturesque history, is now attempting. It is doing so by holding parliamentary elections (which will continue until April 3) to establish a constitutional monarchy more or less like that of Great Britain. However, although such a prospect may be theoretically encouraging as evidence of expanding democracy, there are some reasons for misgiving. The following facts, among others, explain why: (1) No fewer than nine different parties and 865 candidates —of whom 337 are affiliated with no party at all are competing for 109 seats in Nepal’s projected new House of Representatives. (2) Apart from the Communists among them, these groups and individuals seem to have in mind no clear-cut policies or programs beyond a common sharing of rather vague proposals for land re form, industrialization, education and “neutralism.” And (3) less than 6 per cent of the country’s population of 8.5 million can read or write, and the bal loting must therefore be guided by col ored symbols representing the various contending sides. Obviously, as a result of these and similar conditions, it seems unlikely in the extreme that any of the parties will even come close to winning a parliamentary majority. That is why one outstanding Nepalese politician, speaking to a New York Times reporter, has voiced the fear that the vote is “a leap in the dark” which “will bring no good to the people—only more chaos and instability.” This may be an overpessimistic assessment, but certainly—especially in view of the electorate’s tremendous illit eracy—there is solid ground for the most serious kind of doubt that King Mahen dra’s people, who exist as a strategically important buffer nation between India and Red-controlled Tibet, are really ready for democracy. The free world, of course, must hope that they are and that they will succeed in setting up a stable parliamentary system in Nepal. 'But I Don't Want a Penthouse!' LETTERS TO THE STAR Industry Pays Its Way As a citizen of Montgomery County I am deeply con cerned by the inexpert opin ions contained in a recent letter to The Star by Pat Holt, relating to industrial parks and development in the county. The basic problems which must be faced by suburban areas is that the largest In dustry in the Washington area (Federal Government) is a non-taxpayer. Therefore, these counties are in the un enviable position of having to provide all county services, schools and other community facilities for their residents on an income base from which one of the props is missing. Fiscal authorities in the counties who must deal with budgets have become increasingly aware of the necessity for additional new tax-producing industries to assist in balancing their budget without having re course to continually increas ing tax rates levied on resi dents and small businesses. The fallacies of Mr Holt’s letter are too numerous to mention, but I would like to point out a couple: (1) To suggest that new in dustries must match existing family incomes in counties overlooks the fact that one out of every three suburban families has a second earner. Therefore, if an electronics plant employing women and paying an average wage of *5.000 a year were to locate in Montgomery County, it would provide a family hav ing an income of $9,000, an income of $14,000 with the wife working. Therefore, new industries in the suburban counties really represent an economic gain in terms of additions to family income as well as surplus tax reve nue to the county from the property. (2) The question of whether there are people em ployed or unemployed is not the significant question for Montgomery County. The question is whether Mont- gomery County is to be only a bedroom county with all of us paying property and other taxes while other jur isdictions would have all the industrial plants and labora tories paying taxes to them. In other words, let us imagine that if all residents of Mont gomery County worked in Prince Georges County—then Montgomery County would collect no taxes at all on the employing establishments while Prince Georges County would collect taxes on es tablishments employing peo ple from both counties. It is quite obvious this type of system would penalize Mont gomery County. The only satisfactory an swer must be balanced de velopment, which means there should be more private industries located in Mont gomery County than we now have. I do not wish to imply that we should not attempt to maintain quality of resi dential developments. This is where industrial parks come in. In past devolpment we have crammed industries onto small lots in the side streets of Silver Spring, and along the railroad between Lyttonsville and Rockville, and tucked away in other spots. If we encourage the de . velopment and attraction of ' industry which is compat ible and desirable, the stag gering costs of future county services will be borne more equitably and Montgomery County will realize at least a part of its true potential for ecopomic progress. Jerome P. Pickard, Ph.D., Research Director, Washington Board of Trade. Economic Development . Committee. View of Front Roval White students were not driven from the Front Royal high school by court or NAACP action. They were driven away by Virginia's “massive resistance” laws and are new staying out by choice. Most of these students will return to the school in the fall and the white people of Warren County will no Pen names may be used ts letters carry writers’ correct names and addresses All letters are subject to conden - '■ sation. longer pay the larger part \ of the school - supporting \ taxes when Negroes there control equal income and wealth. The former are but paying Tor their monopoly on privilege and opportunity. Race prejudice exacts a price —a high one—from all parties concerned. J. W. Haywood, Jr. About the Anthem A letter from the gallant Harvey I. Miller, colonel of the Marine Corps, protested the omission from the Star- Spangled Banner of the third stanza. As a charter member of the American Legion, George Washington Post No. 1, in the early days I had the privilege of sitting in post meetings with a former official of The Star, Charles B. Hanford • Henry Hanford’s brother), who had been a distinguished Shakespearean actor. Mr. Hanford had a mag nificent bass voice, and it was a treat to hear him recite the Star Spangled Banner.' He made a point of including all four stanzas. I believe he retired from the stage be cause of physical infirmity, perhaps arthritis. But he never lost the magic of a dig nified, impressive presence, and the carrying quality of his wonderful voice. Some years ago Senator Keyes of New Hampshire had reproduced a facsimile of the national anthem in Francis Scott Key’s hand writing, of which I have a copy, and the third stanza appears in that. A somewhat common error is made in the rendition of the first stanza, as the orig inal shows that the line 1 should read “And the rocket’s ■ red glare, the bomb bursting t in air,” the two nouns being • in the singular, instead of the : plural as usually printed. Congratulations to you and Col. Miller. John D. Rhodes. Official Reporter, United * States Senate. Captive Nations \ It is amazing that even \ illustrious Western public fig- ] ures seem to believe in the : possibility of concluding a ] durable agreement on Euro pean problems with the So viet Union which just violated an international agreement 1 on Berlin. It is equally amazing that influential Western politi cians are sponsoring the plan of a European security pact between members of the At lantic and the so-called War saw pacts. Such a European security system would mean that the Western powers give not only political but even military guarantee and protection to all the satellite regimes in cluding the Kadar regime in Hungary which was branded by the U. N. General Assembly as placed in power by the Soviet army. The deterrent effect of both the American nuclear power of retaliation and the determination of the cap tive peoples to regain their freedom has been in the post war period, and still is, the mainstay of Western Euro pean security. Therefore, it would be fateful for the West to eliminate definitively the hope of the captive nations in the Western powers’ firm ness to stick to the basic principles of freedom and justice. The plan of giving Western military guarantees to the Soviet and satellite regimes is predicated on the highly questionable assumption that the negative Soviet policy on the reunification of Germany is motivated only by consid erations of security and not I by plans of further expansion. r By their acceptance of the , European security plan, the ' Western powers would per ’ petuate the enslavement of . the peoples of Eastern Europe. j Laszlo Bartok. e Former Hungarian Envoy e and Minister Plenipoten o tiary. Seoul vs. Tokyo The “common sense” which you call for to bring about a mutually satisfactory settle ment of the current dispute between my government and Japan is the very element which is noticeably missing in the actions of the Japanese officials. I think that your readership might have re ceived a negative impression from your editorial (“Seoul- Tokyo Squabble,” February •18) because of the lack of proper statement of our posi tion and full elaboration of the facts. Yes, it is true that there are some 600,000 Koreans liv ing in Japan, most of whom are impoverished. But this is because they originally had been conscript labor and had been forced into virtual slav ery in Japan before and dur ing World War H. The Jap anese never fulfilled their pledge of compensation. The impoverishment of these Ko reans stems from the basic neglect and the Japanese failure to keep their promises. It could well be that the many thousands of our Ko rean residents in Japan are subject to all sorts of Com munist pressures. No one can be sure of how “free” their choices really are. It is very obvious to see how the Japanese repatria tion proposal could seriously threaten the Republic of Korea. It is a known fact that the Communist puppet regime of North Korea is now suffering a severe manpower shortage. A forced repatria tion of tens of thousands of Koreans to North Korea would not only bfc a valuable weapon directed against the Republic of Korea but against the United Nations command as well. A more constructive solu tion to the problem would be for the Japanese officials to honestly shoulder their real responsibilities, make proper arrangements for the long due compensation and halt the discriminations against the Korean residents. You conclude your editorial by urging that American “in fliiAvwin Ua flltmof a/I ♦ Ail? n r/I fluence be directed toward persuading Mr. Rhee.” How ever, American public opinion should be directed toward in fluencing the Japanese offi cials, who provoked the crisis by their unilateral declara tions with most peculiar tim ing. Why must you single out my great President as the focal point iui your criticism? All of the Korean people are united on this question, even including the leaders of the Opposition Party. Pyo Wook Han, Minister, Charge d’Af faires ad Interim, Korea Embassy. Annuitants' Plight Retirement annuities are gradually vanishing because of inflation. Why do some Congressmen become econ omy-minded and object so strenuously when it comes to giving deserving senior annuitants a small raise to help them exist? How can anyone play politics with human misery? Millions are given away anually to foreign countries. We are not asking for charity. We gave our best years to our Government and country. We only ask fair play. The Government has a continuing responsibil ity for the welfare of retired Federal employes. Jacob Knofer. Site for Pillars I have noted that the Com mission for the Extension of the United States Capitol has no plans for the disposition of the 24 sandstone pillars. I can suggest what I believe to be an excellent use for these 24 pillars, or at least some of them. Plans have been approved for the erection of a Munici pal Stadium for the District. Why not use as many of these old sandstone pillars as pos sible in the various entrances and exits of the new Munici pal Stadium? In addition to the practical economy of my i suggestion, the pillars will have a historic interest for the hundreds of thousands of , people who will attend various activities in the stadium. Percy R. Schultx. VISTAS IN SCIENCE By THOMAS R. HENRY Army Keeps Cradle From the Grave A gas proof “cradle” has been designed by Army chemists. It is intended to protect babies and small children against both war gases and disease germs which might be released by an enemy against civilian populations in another war in which non combatants would be in as much danger as soldiers. The present design, how ever, is planned primarily for protection of children of mili tary personnel at posts where gas and biological warfare experiments may be in prog ress. The work was carried out in co-operation with the Civil Defense Administration which has adopted the idea for civilians. The design, as described by the Army Chemical Corps, is essentially a portable protec tive inclosure into which in fants and small children can be placed at the first alarm. It is an elongated, tentlike structure made of flexible plastic and supported by an easily erected metal frame. Necessary oxygen, carbon di oxide and moisturp inter change between the inside and outside of the protector and detoxification of the en tering air are accomplished » by means of panels of filter ing materials installed in the slanted side walls. One of the side walls is fitted with a clear plastic window to pro vide good vision both for the child and the “baby sitter.” Easy to Store A baglike extension pro jects from one end of the protector to accommodate the feet of larger children. A car rying strap is attached to the metal frame. For storage, the protector can be folded into a flat, rectangular shape and slipped into a flat case to protect it from moisture and contamination. The Chemical Corps, in co operation with the Forest Products Laboratory of the Department of Agriculture, also has developed a fiber diffusion board to be built into homes for the better protection of civilian adults. Somewhat like ordinary fiber board, but having charcoal and other added components, the material could be man ufactured commercially in large quantities. It could be used for construction of small shelters, or as a liner in existing shelters. "The board is so construct ed,” says a Chemical Corps report, “that air diffuses through it, with the material acting as a filter tp take out solid particles, droplets and liquids or vapors of toxic agents. Shelters constructed of this board would act as a barrier for toxic particles but would allow clear air to pass through. THIS AND THAT By CHARLES l. TRACEWELL Eating in the old days was more fun, wasn’t it? Nobody worried about cal ories then, and food was so cheap that everybody had plenty. Mrs. C. P. C. of Cleveland Park writes: “I wis particularly touched by a recent correspondent’s words about coal ranges and red tablecloths. “Like you, I always ate in the dining room, but as a child I loved our large warm kitchen with its alluring scents and cheerful aspect "Occasionally my mother gave a ‘ladies' luncheon’ complete, in the r'neties. with lighted candles under pink shades, in the middle of the day “Sometimes my father j would take me to Harvey’s— 1 then at Twelfth and ‘the Ave nue’ —for frogs' legs or some i exotic dish, but I much pre- i ferred to be relegated to the kitchen and to lunch off the red tablecloth there—so much livelier than our dull white cloth in current use. ** * * “Mush, too, struck a remi niscent note. “How many good things we had to eat then that could be well prepared only on a coal range. We had a gas stove in the kitchen for sum mer or emergency use. but generally the coal range burned steadily with a soup kettle simmering and a big pot of oatmeal steaming for six to eight hours. “I attended Mrs. Somers’ School—now Mount Vernon Seminary—then at Eleventh and M streets. “We day scholars remained until 1:30 and by the time 1 reached home on McPherson Square it was 2 o'clock and the family had left the dining room. "I always ate in solitary state with a book or the Youth s Companion propped up on the table in front of me, and my favorite of all luncheon foods was fried mush and molasses —of which I consumed quantities incon ceivable now, in these calorie conscious days. “We always had eggs, chicken or chops for lunch, but I liked such tidbits to be accompanied by macaroni and cheese, batter cakes and syrup or other tasty trifles, with oranges or apple sauce for dessert. “With it all, I never seemed to gain weight. "Our dining room was pa pered in blue, also, but our paintings were good ones— Max Weill’s landscapes, many of which are still in my home, and pictures by Holmes, Moser and other flrst-rate artists. “We still use our silver “Where the breathing of the occupants of small In closed shelters would ordinar ily cause a hazardous accu mulation of carbon dioxide, a special feature of this board allows carbon dioxide and water vapor to diffuse to the outside. Approximately a square yard of this board would provide enough breath able air for one man for an extended period. “The board is capable of filtering out atomic or radio active dust but it does not afford protection against di- rect radiation from an atomic blast. Like wallboard. it can be planed, sawed and nailed.” ** * * Bats may constitute a big reservoir of virus diseases to which they themselves are immune. They harbor the organisms in their blood. These are passed on to mosquitoes which pass them on to man. Both the extent of the reservoir and reasons for the immunity of the flying mammals, in some respects rather close to humans, are being explored by biologists of the Army Chemical Corps. From the research, they hdpe. may come new techniques for producing immunity in hu mans. Basic research has shown, say the Army doctors at Fort Detrick, Md„ the corps’ biological warfare center, that when bats are inoculated with either Venezuelan equine or Japanese B encephalitis they build up an extremely high concentration of the virus but do not develop any symptoms of the disease. The concentration is built up over a three-day period, main tained for 26 days, and then quickly disappears. This im mune response of a virus host is not known elsewhere. Bats Related to Man One presumption at Fort Detrick is that when mos quitoes and bats have a com mon habitat the insect in oculates the bat with a rel atively harmless concentra tion of the virus. Three days later it would take from the . bat a high concentration. , sufficient to infect man or • some other mammal, i The present study deals with > the reaction of bats to other i Vtiimnn viruses which produce human diseases. Bats, the research ers point out, are more closely related to man, apes and monkeys than to any other animals on the evolutionary scale. In the past, however, they generally have been overlooked as laboratory ani mals, although it may gen erally be assumed that their pathological reactions would be more similar to those of man than would those of rats or rabbits. napkin rings—even though they are dated! By which I mean that both my own and my husband’s bear the dates of our respective births.” ** * * When Temp Jones weighed only 90 pounds, and was as thin as the proverbial rail, he loved all the good things mentioned above, plus animal crackers, soda crackers, gin ger snaps and pretzels. It was not these things, however, that distinguished young Jones, but the way he ate them. For weeks on end, he would eat nothing but ani mal crackers and milk. His family, friends and re lations all thought him mildly insane, and maybe he was, but he enjoyed it. ' Then, suddenly, for no rea son, he would switch over to soda crackers and milk. Those were the big crackers com monly sold out of barrels in the corner grocery. After a run of several months, the crackers would be given the go-by for ginger snaps. • These were not ordinary ginger snaps, but the ex tremely thin, crisp sort sold in tin cans. Three or four months would go by, and Temp would switch once more, this time to pretzels. With plenty of milk (no body was afraid of "fallout,” then), the curly pretzels mildly salted and served with a big white pitcher of creamy milk—Washington has al ways had the best milk in the world—Templeton Jones was set up for a hearty meal. And he never gained an ounce. After he had given in to the combined pleas of his family, and gone back to a conventional diet, he ate heartily, and still didn’t gain. Those were the carbo hydrate days! Now the dietetic pendulum has switched to proteins, and we are told that unless we get from 70 t< 120 grams of pro tein per day we will suffer severely. “Maybe,” says old Temp Jones, as he still sits down to cracker's and milk. Answers to Questions By THE HASKIN SERVICE A reader caD aet an answer, by mail, to any question of faat by writing The Star Information Bu reau. «35 P street N W . Washington 4. D. C. Please Inclose return post age or self-addressed. stampad envelope _____ Q. In the Roman calendar, did the ides fall on the same date each month? —W. P. A. No. The name ides was given to the 15th day of the month in March, May, July and October, and to the 13th day of the other months.