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*tft> )un<ta> ftMXnmt tdltwr mmmaam Published by TNI IVINING STAR NEWSPAPIR COMPANY WASHINGTON 4, D. C. Stmutl H. KeuHmann PmUtirt Benjamin M. McKtlway Hitot MAIN OFFICE: 11th St. and Fonmylvomo A«*. (4) NEW YORK: 342 Madi.on Av*. (17) CHICAGO: 221 N. to Sail. St. (1) DETROIT: Now Cantor luildlng (2) SAN FRANCISCO: Run luildlna (4) IOS ANGELES: 3242 W..t |th St. (3) EUROPEAN RUREAU— PARIS, FRANCE: 21 Rw Da larrl Dtlivtred by Carrier ■vanlng and Sunday Sunday Evantnf Monthly _ 1.93 Far luua .20 Monthly. 1.30 WaaMy ... .43 Wmkly 30 Night Final and Sunday 2.00 Night Final Only ... 1.40 Rata* by Mail—Payable in Advance Anywhoro in tho United Staton Evening and Sunday Sunday Evoning 1 year 28.00 I year 12.00 t yaar 1100 0 monthi ....14 30 4 month! ... 4.30 4 month! f.fj 3 month* 730 3 month* ... 330 3 month* .... 473 I month 2.40 1 month 1.30 1 month 2.00 Ttlaphen*: STarling 3-3000 Entarad at th* Fait Offic*. Waihington, D. C oi M<ond clou moil matter Member of the Associated Press the Allocated Frais ii entitled excluiively to the uie far raaublicatian at ail the local new* printed in thii newipapar ai well a* A. F. new! diipatches. A-16 FRIDAY, MARCH 6, 1959 I The Daring Mr. Butler Democratic National Chairman But ler has ventured to scratch some sen sitive political feelings in his press conference discussion of possible presi dential nominees for his party. Most daring of his predictions, perhaps, is that Adlai Stevenson will not be nomi nated “under any circumstances”—a phrase that is Just about as dangerously broad as using the word "never.” It is correct, of course, as Mr. Butler points out, that Mr. Stevenson—a two time loser—put himself on record a rather long time ago as saying that he would not again be a candidate. Mr. Stevenson now has said that Mr. Bqtler Is “right.” And in the meantime, how ever, the former Illinois Governor has not by any means retired from the public stage. He has traveled abroad and has been among those prominently present at important gatherings of the party faithful. Furthermore, the existence of a hard core of Stevenson admirers within the party—often iden tified as the “liberal bloc”—is well recognized and there . have been manifestations of its quiet activity on behalf of beeping a door open for their favorite. Even the selection of Los Angeles as the party’s convention site was widely interpreted as a favorable omen for Mr. Stevenson in the light of his proved popularity in California. And, finally, it was noticeable that Gov ernor Meyner of New Jersey, a “dark horse” himself, spoke up at the same news conference in disagreement with the Butler analysis. Mr. Butler also yielded easily to questioning on who is currently the leading candidate when he named Senator Kennedy of Massachusetts. Mr. Kennedy, he said, has “substantial sup- * port throughout the country and per haps more than any other.” This is a seemingly accurate statement, although some of the other “hopefuls” may not relish having Mr. Kennedy singled out for even an implied blessing by the national chairman. Quite logically, in view of its big victory last November, the Democratic Party is in a mood of high optimism about the 1960 prospects. It follows, however, that party optimism nourishes individual ambitions—a place on the national ticket next year is considered a prize much to be desired. In this atmosphere, aspirants are apt to study with a cold critic's eye all evaluations of their personal standing by a national officer of the party. Boating on the Potomac Recent objections to the proposed canoe and shellracing center on the polluted Potomac near Rock Creek must have come as a shock to Washington park officials. Their plans have been generally known for two years, and the llth-hour expressions of concern came virtually on the eve of constructing the $290,000 facilities. Health officials’ warnings about the dangers of pollution cannot, of course, be brushed aside. They have served a positive purpose in forcing a review of the entire project. The fact of the mat ter, however, is that most of the Poto mac along the Washington waterfront is badly polluted—actually less so in the Rock Creek area than downstream, where hundreds of sailing, motorboat, canoe and shellracing enthusiasts have been boating for years. Why not build the center above Key Bridge where, as several people have pointed out, the river is less dirty and active antipollution drives are under way? Park officials have studied—and restudied during the last few weeks— seven upstream locations. All have been ruled out as impractical, variously be cause of access problems, conflicts with highway projects and unreasonably high costs. Some existing upstream boating facilities, in fact, are likely to be wiped out by massive new road improvements, thereby adding to the need for addi tional facilities elsewhere. Probably the most telling points In the argument have been made by rowing clubs and school officials—the people who will principally use the center. They say they are satisfied that no better location exists, and point out that people have been rowing in the Rock Creek area for years with no harmful health effects. Park officials insist that pollution at their location will reach “serious proportions” during only about 2 per cent of the normal rowing season. The public, nevertheless, should be ade quately warned of the bad conditions. There Is nothing attractive, of course, about even small amounts of pollution. This whole unfortunate situa tion is an example of the need for more extensive efforts to clean up the river. Even in the Potomac’s present deplor able state, however, it is unrealistic to suppose there will be any letup in the popular sport of pleasure boating. Money for the new center is in hand, and the project could be finished by late sum mer. We hope that it is. Courage in Teheran Iranian notification to Moscow that certain articles of the 1921 Soviet- Iranlan Treaty henceforth are to be considered invalid opens up a potentially explosive issue. The articles in question permit the Soviet Union, under stated conditions which have been differently interpreted, to move Red troops “into the Persian interior." On their face, the conditions are that there must be evi dence that Iranian territory is being used as a base for military operations threatful to Russia. In an annex to the treaty, however, the Soviet diplomatic representative in 1921 noted that the conditions were meant to apply “only to cases" in which there was threat of armed attack “by the partisans of the (Czarist) regime ... or by its sup porters." It has been convenient to Moscow, of course, to ignore this qualification— as it did when Soviet troops were sent into Iran during World War 11, in the summer of 1941. The excuse then was to protect supply lines by which allied war materiel was being moved from Persian Gulf ports to the Soviet Union, but the Red occupation from Teheran northward was complete in its far reaching control of the political and economic life of the provinces. An “iron eurtain” was hung across the country long before the term entered general use after the war, and only simultaneous British military intervention in South ern Iran in 1941 may have saved the country from being permanently an nexed to the Soviet Union. When Brit ish forces left in 1946, it took the strong est pressure by the United Nations— with the United States playing a leading role and Iran itself demonstrating marked courage—to force Soviet with drawal. As early as 1948, Moscow was hint ing threatfully at sending its troops back on the ground that the United States was “militarizing” Iran as a base for possible aggression aeainst the Soviet Union. In the backgrotmd of Soviet denunciation of Teheran’s adher ence to the Baghdad Pact, and now of the newly signed bilateral American- Iranian military aid agreement (identi cal agreements have been signed also with Turkey and Pakistan), there is the same threat of Red troop movements against Iran. In these circumstances, Iran has taken the initiative in labeling the 1921 articles as obsolete and Invalid. It is saying, in fact, that there are no grounds on which Soviet troops have a right to enter Iran and. in effect, that for them to do so would be an act of war. These are strong and courageous words, how ever diplomatically expressed, and the potential consequences could be grave. New Weapon If the Department of Justice is successful in its effort to bring the anti-trust laws to bear against union racketeers a new, or at least a little tried, weapon wiU have been fashioned for use in this p. rticular segment of the war against crime. It has been announced that more than 10 grand juries have been impaneled to study alleged violations of the anti trust laws by the labor racketeers. The investigation is said to have been started almost a year ago. The use of the anti-trust laws in a drive of this sort may be somewhat analogous Vo the prosecution of gang sters of the Al Capone stripe for income tax violations. In other words, it is a somewhat indirect way of getting at a racket which has thrived despite other statutes which relate more specifically to racketeering. In our Judgment, how ever, there is no basis for complaint against this approach. Labor racketeer ing has reached a point where it literally threatens the welfare of the country. If these racketeers can be put out of business, or in Jail, through anti-trust prosecutions it most certainly should be done. We wish the Attorney General all the luck in the world. Welcome Back! Mr. Harold Macmillan will be wel come in much more than the official sense when he comes to Washington later this month for- talks with Presi dent Eisenhower and other leaders in our Government. For the British Prime Minister, son of an American mother, already has established his personal popularity on this side of the Atlantic. It was only last summer that he paid his most recent visit to the United States, but a close and cordial associa tion with Mr. Eisenhower dates back to 1942 when he was assigned as the British cabinet’s political representative at the allied military headquarters in North Africa. As Minister of Housing, Minister of Defense and Chancellor of Exchequer in Conservative governments he added steadily to his good relations with Amer ican officials. At this point, fresh from his own mission to Moscow, Mr. Macmillan is a strong figure on the stage of Western di plomacy. With something of the tireless ness that so often has been displayed by Secretary of State Dulles, Mr. Macmillan already is carrying out a schedule of post-Moscow person-to-person talks with French President de Gaulle in Paris and West German Chancellor Adenauer in Bonn. We hope there will be time while he is in Washington for the Prime Minister to discover that “our town” is glad to have him back again. 'Cheer Up—You'll Get Used to It!' LETTERS TO THE STAR Near Misses Regarding your editorial, “Too Many Near - Misses,” March 2, the only real solu tion to this problem will come If and when Federal Aviation Agency Administrator E. R. Quesada actually does “in vestigate these near-misses forthwith," as you say. My guess is that, if he tackles this problem as forthrightly as he’s tackled a number of perennial aviation problems in the short time he’s been in office, you'll begin to see some good old-fashioned com mon sense creep into this near-miss loolishness. 1 use the word foolishness advisedly, and largely be cause of the false notions your editorial once again ex pounds. By your definition 'and many others in both Congress and the press think this way too* a so-called near-miss is the product of some mystical high fever aeronautical development, some unknown and unexpec ted phenomenon of “the jet aae." and so on and on. All of which is as phony as a three-dollar bill. If you add all the civil and military airplanes in the United States together (just over 133,000 total». and as sume for the moment that every one of them was in the air at the same time, there still are 22.6 square miles of land area in the continental United States for each airplane. Add the di mension that the airplane uses most—altitudes as high as 50.000 feet—and there's so darned much room, even if all these airplanes were in the air at once, that a nea.- miss should be suspect the moment it's reported. We've been havins what's called near-misses for many years, and for the same iden tical reasons Essentially, these reasons are predicated on carelessness, and Callous disregard for known hazards. When two giant airliners run mio each other In excellent visibility, at a relative closing speed of less than 40 m p h„ this is no product of "the jet ace.” Sure, if they'd been coming at each other head on, their combined closing spi ed would have been about 660 m.p.h.—but unfortunately for the theorists, it hardly ever happens this way The disregard for known hazards is an insidious con tributing factor, but one that’s well known to all of us. It’s one of humanity's most common failings. We know very well that excessive speed on the highways kills, yet virtually all of us do it at some time or other. We know that one shouldn’t drive after drinking, but look at the mul titudes who do so anyway. This basic human frailty Is just as prevalent in airplane pilots, no matter how exotic or romantic people on the ground imagine airplane pilots to be. Even the most skilled professional pilots make mis takes or disregard known hazards—and when they do headlines. With a very few exceptions, near-misses are the direct product of carelessness on the part of one or more pilots. They are not a product of a decrepit system, no matter how much the aeronautical eggheads try to tell you other wise. Airplanes get where they are in the air because human pilots put them there. Those pilots are throughly educated on all the known hazards, such as dangerously deficient cockpit visibility, the perils of excessive speed (Just as on the highways), and so on. Yet they continue to have acci dents—and these so-called near-misses. These efforts to solve such problems by replacing the human with a system are pure poppycock. The human pilot is going to be with us for a long time, just like the less than-perfect motorist on the highways. The sooner our misled Government officials recognize this, the sooner these exaggerated reports will stop. And If anyone has the courage to crack down on these pilots, without regard for the pressures those pilots Pen name, may be used if RLA on( / Sout/lWest letter, carry writer, ‘ correct Jehn Barron . g exceUent name, and addretse*. All article on the District of Co letters are tubject to conden- lumbia Redevelopment Land sation. Agency showed the result qf research and understanding " of the situation. I found it can bring to bear on the FAA. ver Y moderate in tone, and then "Pete" Quesada Is the certainly RLA was treated man. more kindly than it deserves Max Karant, and c * n n°t complain it was unfair in any manner. Vice Aircraft It u unfortunate that the Owners and Pilots Asso- Uttle pe o p le 0 f the South ciauon. west area are unorganized and without congressional Garcia\ Yacht representation to protect ”,T them For the country as a The letter of Kendall Rich- w hole it is even more unfor ard Free compared the $2 5 tunate that some of the cases million cost of the ship for whlch have gone to the the President of the Philip- CoU rts have been poorly pre pines to the *5 million cost rented, so that some very of the jet plane for President unfortunate judgments have Eisenhower. But the cost of „. nderPd . judgments in ** ,0 [ the President of c)dPnta]lv which are difficult the Ph‘kPPines will not be. as and CoKtly upset . Mr. Free thinks, taken from .. . . . .. . the requested $75 million Most of ,he ® oul h*est. United States loan for fl- Property represents small nancing public and private holdings and the casts and development projects or from tlme Involved * n taking a the SSO million loan from the casr through the courts is Development Loan Fund. It s 0 Breat that the owner can is being purchased as part of no } afford to do so. As a re the Japanese reparations to suR - , the little people have the Philippines. failed to receive anything Furthermore, the yacht was li,ce fair and in® l compensa ordered as a measure of econ- *'i° n - Had any private agency omy. It is for the official use acted m manner of RLA of President Carlos P. Garcia 11 would have been under ln and Philippine government vestigation long ago. No officials. It will be used by Property Is safe under exlst thelr successors. Builders es- ln ? decisions. It merely re timate It will last from 35 to quires K° ln « through certain 50 years without need of re- movements, and then the best placement. Because its con- property in Washington may struction conforms to the he taken, not necessarily for specifications required of a Public use but for private many naval ships, the ship * am can serve a multipurpose mis- Mr. Remon’s promise to sion. - review RLA policies is. in my The old presidential yacht opinion, simply his way of being used by President Gar- taking the heat off and let cia and before him the late ting the matter die. President Ramon Magsaysay .* |.,,b cost $2.1 million and has been Lawrence I. reak. costly to maintain because It D _ Is an obsolete minesweeper Dl/Sy rOtOmOC purchased from the United if the W, Va and Md States Navy. Coach Co. is denied the use The new yacht, designed as of the Potomac River road a naval transport, is capable f ro m Memorial Bridge to of loading 4,800 tons cargo Langley for passenger traffic, and 500 troops. It will be then the airlines should also used also for disaster relief bP dPn ) P d the use of the work and as a floating expo- Potomac River area as a * n April, it w'ill carry ma j o r traffic artery. The 24- Philippine products to be hour continual roar and show-n to Southeast Asian heaw vibration of enormous le ,L n r T C ! haS r< " Planes passing up the river f P t ' l “ slast « : ‘UP- has changed the character of the area from a desirable he pEVK residential and recreational Commerce and Chtmber of area * heavy industrlal zor theexhibu! Ch * 1 " M> ° n ’ Historically, the Potomac River from Alexandria to Manuel A. Viray, Cumberland has been a nat- Second Secretary, Embassy mal traffic artery. George of the Philippines. Washington himself envi sioned the river and the canal Farm Curbs as a h *khly developed com We commend you for your front-page article. "Curbs ’tZkinTt,' Ruined Business, Farmer menta ! T schno n Tells House.” We had long < "rned a picture of the Pot o trled to get action on this Rlver a *> v f e * ev issue. The courageous stand Bnd * ea ! 8 ROod ‘Nitration and long fight of Stanley of many forms of transporta- Yankus for the constitutional t,or l and communlcatlon con freedoms of our republic Is centrated in one spot: The all the more tragic by the r ' ver - t , hp ranal - Canal >oad apathy and indifference of the railroad, the power lines, the vast majority of the and on the bluff, the “street- American people to what is car “ne actually happening within Although lam an ardent our Nation that threatens conservationist and supporter our republic's and Constitu- acquisition and develop tion’s destruction. This is be- ment of park lands. I fail to cause the American people sep any logical point in at no longer get the true facts tempting to confine the use on vital issues. How many of °f "parkway” from Key them are aware of the bil- Bridge to Chain Bridge to lions paid out to farmers for private passenger vehicles, not planting wheat, cotton Charlotte Fleck, and corn? Helen M. Harris. Lnhar's PawPr Trustee. Gold Star Sons ~, ~ , and Daughters of U. S. J " UPIt Shouse has asked a most important question: "Are labor unions bigger and One Drive for All . I !?p° r,a " t than the -n,.! n»o Bow *r:ii Unlted States Government?” That the Red Cross will Mr ghouse po doubt ther * dnVe rB ; Se ' palizcs that labor unions SIOO,OOO is not surprising to have m many CMes bppn me. How can the United , a k en over by rac k e teers. also Givers Fund function if co- tnat thb was accom p hshPd operation by all fund-raising w ith the assistance of some groups is not established () f our elected and appointed We have had door-to-door officials w ; ho are obligated to pinpaign drives until we labor leaders for their elec volunteer workers and givers ;m n are disgusted. I do not ap- This condition will prevail prove of these individual until the voters nominate and drives and should say no elect members of Congress when asked to help, but like who will place the welfare of many thousand others I all their constituents first wonder when the disease will and not be whipping boys for strike home. Therefore. I go chlselers who use union funds ahead and help. for their own benefit. Blanche T. Cawton. William A. Walsh. RLA and Southwest VISTAS IN SCIENCE By THOMAS R. HENRY More on Antarctic Oasis Reaions The three “oaaes” of the Antarctic continent—large, wildly rock-strewn, lake studded, Ice-free areas In the midst of thousands of square miles of Ice a mile thick—actually are “islands.” This Is the conclusion of Russian International Geo physical Year explorers who have Investigated the para doxical regions during the past year, according to their report as summarised by the Department of Commerce. Biggest of the iceless lands Is the so-called Bunger Oasis off the Wilkes coast of East Antarctica, discovered by the United States "High jump” expedition in IMS—a place so wild with massive boulders that one could be come hoplessly lost in a few minutes. Anybody who ven tured away from companions was Instructed to carry a ball of twine attached to some object at his starting place to find his way back again. The “oasis” covers, the Rus sians found, about 500 square kilometers. They also investigated th< other two areas—the Vest fold, 400 square kilometer.v and the Greerson, 100 square kilometers, in the same gen eral area of the continent. Natural conditions in all three are quite similar al though each has its specific features, they report. All three are located at the edge of the glacial cover of Ant arctica, facing the sea mi one side while the other edge joins the slope of the ice sheet. The base of this Ice sheet, the Russians found, is below sea level, so the areas must be offshore Is lands. Due to Strong Winds The oases, says the Rus sian report, owe their exist ence to prevailing winds blowing northward from the Pole. Continuous, strong, southeast and east winds break off and carry away into the sea pieces of the ice sheet edge on the northwest side of each oasis, leaving a bare land surface. Also, the wind carries mineral parti cles from the bared land to ward the northwest, thereby increasing the melting of the ice. Each of the three, the Russians found, is a hilly region with hills composed of tumbled basic' rocks to heights of from 300 to 500 feet. Slopes of the hills, as a rule, are steep, rocky, and sometimes terraced. The ter races. it is surmised, were formed by the lowering of sea level sometime in the present geological period. On one In the Vestfold Oasis the explorers found numer ous remains of sea organ isms. including shells of "flower worms,” mo 11 us k shells, glass sponges, mum mified remains of seals and of large marine birds. Study of the glass sponges espe cially, the Russians report, convinces them that at some time in the past few thou sand years the sea rose much higher than at present. They describe the boulder wil derness: "As a result of desquama tion 'scaling' and weather ing by temperature and frost a large part of the elevations. This debris is mixed to a large extent with boulders rock debris is scattered over carried by glaciers. The de- THIS AND THAT By CHARLCS f. TRACIWCLL "TAKOMA PARK, *Md. ‘ Dear Sir: "The various ways of greet ina have always interested mr. Some people do not bother, when they meet a friend, to say anythin?. I think they make a mistake "The words to say have been worked out over gener ations, and have a sueges tion far in excess of the mere sounds themselves. "I was greeted the other day by a small child, who looked up at me and uttered one syllable, and it was one of the nicest sounds I ever heard. “ ‘Hi.’ the child said. ** * * “There was no meaning there except what custom had given: the syllable was meaningless, otherwise. “ How’-de-do,' as a substi tute for "How do you do' is always good, and certainly Good morning’ and ‘Good afternoon’ have a place all their own. “ 'Good night' is a phrase which slang has altered somewhat, but it still remains worth-while. “I like to believe that we are all better off when we scrupulously greet our ac quaintances, and if we have a kind word for the stranger, why. so much the better. "Yours very truly, A. R.” ** * * A greeting seems to be very hard for some people. Probably these are the acutely self-centered, whose little world revolves com pletely around the self. We have told the story here before, of a very fam ous man. whose name makes no difference, who was greeted by another famous man. The latter was by na ture a cheerful soul. "Good morning,” he said !o the other, who was, also by nature, a very grumpy person. "Good morning,” said the grumpy man. Later in the morning, the two met again. "Good morning,” said the happy one. The other scowled. pressions between hills are filled with debris largely of morainic origin. Valleys sep arating the hills have been dug out by glaciers and often are trough-shaped. "Tfie wind carrying grains of sand plays an important part in the process of rock disintegration. There are nu merous characteristic forms of weathering, typical for arid regions, on the cliffs and boulders, such as pores, niches, mushroom-shaped ledges and cresta. In some place* the surface of the cliffs resembles lace. Some times the weathering of boulders goes so far aa com pletely to destroy their inte rior parts. Only the surface layer In the form of a cruat remains. The effect of the wind on the eliffs continues throughout the year because even in winter there la al most no snow cover. The arid type of weathering is further stressed by formation of desert varnish on the cliffs :ind of efflorescence of salt.” Climatic conditions in the ce-free areas, the Russians iound, differ strikingly from -hose on the icy shores of the rest of the continent, espe cially during tjhe south polar summer. Summer is warmer and drier. The radiation bal ance is three to four times that on the surrounding ice, due to the great absorption of solar energy by the dark surfaces of the rocks which are heated to 30 degrees Centigrade and sometimes even more. The air temperature some times is as much as 5 degrees Centigrade higher on the average than In the Ice covered regions. A maximum of 11 degrees has been ob served in the daytime and it seldom drops below freez ing at night. In the Russian station near the Bunger Oasis, the maximum temper ’ ature in a year was only 5 degrees Centigrade. Humidity Very Low “The relative humidity is exceptionally low.” continues the report, “amounting to 50 per cent at night and going down to 10 to 15 per cent in the daytime. All this causes an enormous amount of evaporation from the sur face of the ground and the ice of the snow patches and glaciers surrounding an oa sis. Updrafts of air are formed which lead to the formation of cumulus clouds above the oases, hardly fiver observed in any other regions. “The strong winds, mainly in an easterly direction, which sometimes exceed 150 feet a second, blow away even the small amounts of snow which fall in winter. In summer there is almost no precipitation whatsoever and the balance of moisture is negative, as a result of which snow cannot accumu late to form glaciers. Only in a few favorable spots pro tected from the wind small glacierettes and snow patches are formed. In this respect the Greerson Oasis is a lit tle different. In this area most of the deep valleys and depressions between Individ ual mountains are filled with ice, partly connected with the ice sheet but mostly sep arated from it. which has formed residual glaciers, often without noticeable traces of movement ” “I said Good morning' once.” he said, stalking on down the hall ** * * A better way to live is to be generous with greetings. Life can be made a con tinuing Christmas card by anyone who wants to make it that way, within reason. Os course, there are al ways days when one does not feel like being overrespon sive. The aches and pains of humanity sometimes make this impossible. In most cases, and on most days, one can summon enough smile to adorn it with a fair greeting. The weather? Why not? The weather always makes a good greeting. "It's a nice day. isn’t it?” This will be good with all except the argumentative man. He will respond. “Oh. I don't know." or maybe even assert it is not a nice day at all but a very poor day. What can you do with such a person, except greef him and pass on? Never let such a wight stop you from being yourself. ** * * "How are you?” is always sure-fire. This instantly gives him the conversational initiative, and permits him to tell of his ailments. People love their aches and pains. Except for the secre tive person, now and then, who persists in being mum. Most people love to talk about operations, as has been pointed out many a time be-- fore, but it always serves as a conversation gambit. “How are you?” “I'm all right” is the fa vorite answer, whether the speaker is or not. He puts his best foot forward, as the say ing is; he makes the best of things, and you can go on to more important affairs. Life is a great deal of chit chat. Wouldn't it be terrible if we were allowed to talk only of the very important things? Maybe the world will eome to that in time, but it is going to be a terrible day for man kind.