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THE SUNDAY STAR WoiUngtoo, D. C„ Sender, Morth «, 1959 ■Future of Mozambique Worries Portuguese tiOURENCO MARQUIS, MO ZAMBIQUE, Mar. 7 (NANA). —Tor the first time In more than M yean the Portuguese overlords of this vast territory on the Indian Ooean are worried about losing it. - Their chief concern is that, despite censorship and rigorous politioal control, the native pop ulation here will be inflamed by nationalism in neighboring Njr asaland and. particularly, in the Congo. Riots in the Congo recently spurred concessions tram Belgium regarding future Independence for Its mid-Afri can colony. Both Belgium and Portugal had directed all their efforts toward the economic and cul tural development of their Al rican colonies, hoping that the pattves would be content with this and forget about political ambitions. Represented in Parliament This apparently has not worked in the Belgian Congo and now the Portuguese wonder whether it will work in Mozam bique. Officially, Mozambique is an overseas province of Portugal last as Algeria is' of France— and Its 6,000,000 inhabitants are represented in the Parlia ment in Lisbon. Although there Is an advisory legislative coun cil here, the highest authority lathe Governor-General. Ul timately, as in Portugal itself, all power rests with Premier Antonio De Oliveira Salazar, "dean of Europe’s dictators." In some ways, Mozambique is “progressive” in its racial policy, compared to other European-governed territories in Africa. Instead of a “color bar” It has what might be called a “culture bar.” A legal distinction is made between “civilized" and “un civilized” persons; once a non- European has acquired Western habits and culture he is ac cepted as an “assimilado” and Is given full privileges of Por tuguese citizenship. Nevertheless, only 5,000 Afri cans have qualified for "as similado” status, despite several centuries of Portuguese influ ence and control here. The ter ritory-nine times as large as Portugal—has about 70,000 Europeans, as well as 30.000 persons of mixed race and 16.- 000 Indians. Economic Btri—j While mal_ng slow progress In _BBimilating the natives— there are only about 2,000 high school students in the entire territory—the Portuguese are making significant strides in the economic development of Mo zambique. Two major resettlement and development projects—one al ready in effect, the other being studied:—are likely to have a great impact on the economy. Some 6,000 immigrant fanners from Portugal and 3.000 native Mozambique families have been settled along the Limpopo River, where a new dam har brought 500,000 acres into use including 75.000 acres under irrigation. A similar redevelopment scheme Is planned for the Zam besi Basin. And Beira, chief port both for Mozambique and copper-rich Rhodesia, rapidly Is becoming a center of indus try. SALE! Famous “Englander” 4V2-in. Goodyear Foam-Latex Mattress and Box Spring Sets v in . . . examine these sets to determine the firmness best for you and enjoy real ' ' savings at the same time. Kann’t—Bedroom Furnishings—Third Floor, Washington; Lower Level, Arlington Whether these economic im provements—and the trappings of Portuguese culture—will be enough to content the African natives is the question of th« moment here. TO date, there has been little, if any, organ ised opposition to Portuguese rule. West Germany Scores Gain in Population BONN. Western Germany now has a larger population than before World War II despite war losses and Its shrunken size. Its population has Increased by about II million since 1939. The population density is about 10 times that of the United States. Mississippi Course ST. PAUL.—The Mississippi River which has its origin near Lake Itasca in northern Min nesota. flows to the north and east for almost 100 miles be fore it turns finally to the southward. 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The papers said trials are going on all the time in this drive against “cheaters and enemies of the regime” in that Communist state. Charges Include sabotage, il legal possession of weapons, resisting farm collectivization, distributing anti - Communist leaflets and teaching sedition in Roman Catholic churches and seminaries. A high point in the campaign came in late February when Interior Minister Rudolf Barak announced the arrest of 175 persons. They were accused of having hidden stocks of cloth and building materials, gold and foreign exchange worth several million dollars. Deeper Meaning Suspected It was also alleged they pos sessed weapons, four private airplanes, radio transmitters and stacks of anti-Communist leaflets. This was a big roundup for any Communist-ruled country, but an especially startling one to he announced for Czechoslo vakia. long regarded as the quietest and most-disciplined of Russia's European satellites. The multiplicity of charges made during publicized trials Indicate there was more in volved in the police drive than thievery and large-scale spec ulation. The latest edition of Pravda published in Bratislava, Czecho slovakia, announced the sen tencing of 25 butchers from a state-owned meat warehouse for theft of socialist property valued at about 650,000. Their terms ranged to seven years. The Prague Communist Party dally Rude Pravo reported five 9:30 to 6:00 P.M. ARLINGTON, 10 A.M. to 9:30 P.M. "A SIGN OF INTEGRITY" Ovenproof, Detergent-proof, Craze-proof! Imported Kokura Casual Dinnerware / \ 29 ,s ill Its finished and ottroetive styling will satisfy the most discriminating toste, whether for everydoy use or for /' I special occasions—yet it's practical, too, being oven- P I l proof, detergent-proof and craze-proof! 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So-called Kulaks (rich farm ers) also are being jailed—for resisting collectivization, with holding on crop deliveries or illegally possessing guns. The oft-expressed complaint of many people living under Communist rule that they “have to steal to live” is rejected by Czechoslovakia’s Communist prosecutors, who claim the ac cused are chiefly malcontents who have been dispossessed of their former holdings by Com munist decrees. The Communist regime also Jamaica Divers Seek. Quake-Sunk Artifacts KINOSTON, Jamaica, Mar. 7 (AP).—A search for historic artifacts buried in the great earthquake of 1692 is scheduled to begin in April. Permission for submarine ex ploration of the old pirate city of Port Royal has been granted Edward A. Link by the govern ment of Jamaica. habitually accuses the “Western imperialists” and the Vatican of inciting Czechoslovak citizens to subversion and other anti government activities. Mr. Link, noted for his ma rine studies, will work under sponsorship of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington. Members of the Jamaica branch of the Bub-Aqua Club will co operate. A new boat specially equipped for underwater explorations has been built. The Port Royal project will enable Mr. Link to test both the boat and Its equipment before undertaking a larger project in the Medi terranean. Details of that job have not been announced. Mr. Link has done much work in the Caribbean area, study ing marine life and exploring historical ruins. As a preliminary to the work here, the Institute of Jamaica has attempted to reconstruct from early records a map of Port Royal prior to the devas tating earthquake. It is known that the lieu tenant governor’s residence, the legislative council chamber, pirate Henry Morgan’s house, the church and many other im portant buildings lie under what Is now the dockyard. Mr. Link has emphasized that the exploration will not be a treasure hunt. Much histori cal material may be kept in a museum to be erected in Port Royal, a city which figured largely in the early history of Jamaica.