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Rambler ... Steps Back a Century. * By GEORGE KENNEDY The Corcoran Gallery Is about to celebrate Its 100th birthday. Its high-pillared central hall will be the scene of a champagne ball Friday night and on Saturday Its six-week centennial show, “The American Muse,” will open. The story of the trend In American art and writing in the century since construc tion of the Corcoran started is told in a beautifully illus trated publication for the exhibit written by Henri Dorra, assistant director of the gallery. It was prepared in co-operation with the periodical, “Art in America.” While in magazine form, it deserves a place on any bookshelf devoted to Amer ican history. Sometime in July or Au gust, 1859, W. W. Corcoran, Washington’s wealthiest cit izen, began building the gal lery at Seventeenth and the Avenue, which he was to give to the Nation’s Capital. It was a large brick building in the French style with a mansard roof, then popular. It is now the Court of Claims. The Rambler regrets to re port that it will be torn down soon to be replaced with a modern Government build ing. o ' SOME YEARS before the ■start of the gallery, Mr. Cor coran had built his mansion on Lafayette Square. It was replaced about 30 years ago by the United States Cham ber of Commerce. There was a large room within his home hung with his paintings. He was the first extensive collector of art in Washing ton and, mirabile dictu, he collected American art. It was to house this collec tion that he started the gal lery, but its progress was in common with the best laid plans of mice and men. The Civil War started two years later and the building, not completed, was taken over by the Quartermaster Corps. It was not until 1874 that it was opened as an art gallery. Last week the Rambler had the unique experience of stepping back a century with Hermann W. Williams, di rector, and Horace I. Hotch kiss, of the gallery staff, as guide.* We entered the room that is being hung with the pictures that Mr. Corcoran had in his house 100 years ago. The pictures were not exactly a refutation of the prediction of early 19th cen tury visitors from Europe that this country would not produce imaginative art. They noted much portrait painting, but, as one wrote, that was “due to no love of art but to self love.” o THERE WERE several landscapes of the Hudson River School Inness, Boggs and Gigoux and Kensett. There was a sporting picture of a spaniel retrieving a duck for a hunter, by Ranney. Also, two very imaginative land scapes by Thomas Cole, ex ception to prove the rule. There are many portraits In the show, including sev eral of Presidents of the time, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, and so on. "These were not in the gallery in Mr. Corcoran’s house,” Mr. Hotchkiss said apologetically. “They are from the set of Presidential portraits painted by G. P. A. Healy, the most famous American portraitist of his day, for Louis Philippe, the last King of France. “Louis Philippe, who was known both as the Orleanist and the bourgeois king, had an idea that he would show the French people how democratic he was by hang ing portraits of all the Amer ican Presidents in the Palace of Versailles. “Unfortunately for Healy, the Revolution of 1848 forced Louis Philippe to flee France. Healy was stuck with the pictures. But a Chicago fin ancier, T. B. Bryan, who also had a home here in Wash ington, purchased them. He had them on exhibit in Chicago. “It was Bryan who com missioned Healy to go to Springfield, 111., and paint a portrait of President-elect Lincoln. That is the famous portrait without the beard. “Mr. Corcoran bought the collection for the gallery in 1879. He commissioned other artists to continue the senes. The last President portrayed was McKinley. We have all the portraits here in the gal lery.” Local and Suburban News, Pages B-1-3 Women's Features, Pages B-4-6 Classified Ads, Pages B-8-14 fife P 9 I ■ a * m II ) w Wzm ,**■ yrJm ’ft * iyl M imm ■yL SILVER SPRING EASTER PARADE HAD A LITTLE OF EVERYTHING Helmut Hanes, co-chairman of Silver Spring’s Easter parade, is a picture of sar torial elegance as he strolls Georgia avenue yesterday with his dolled-up dog, Nappy. NAACP Chief Opposes Another 'Harlem' Here The president of the District branch of the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Colored People said’yesterday he is against turning Washington into “another Harlem.” "We have no r ight to let any group take over this city wholeheartedly,” Dr. E. Franklin Jackson said in a panel dis cussion over WMAL-TV’s “Celebrity Parade.” The NAACP official discussed the effects of) desegregation on Washington!: life and culture with Dean , Richard M. Bray, of University, and Mrs. Patricia!' R. Harris, executive secretary j of the Delta Sigma Theta, a Negro sorority. "I do not want another Har lem in the District of Colum bia ’ Dr. Jackson said, refer ring to New York’s upper Man hattan area where some half a million Negroes live. Still Far To Go Dr. Jackson praised the progress of desegregation with in the District since the Su preme Court’s May, 1954, deci ! sion. He stressed however, that integration is more important than the "mechanics” of de-; segregation. "On this point we still have a long way to go,” he said. Dr. Jackson noted that fre quently municipal services tended to drop off when the racial complexion of a com munity changes. "As long as a man, whatever his race, is economically un stable, he will not be able to fit into any society,” Dr. Jackson ’said. ! He asked that Negroes be given more of a chance to par ticipate in community develop ment at the grass roots level, : rather than be saddled with [community responsibilities that others have prepared for them. More Contact Urged Mrs. Harris, a former officer ;of the American Council of Human Rights, urged greater communication among persons living in desegregated commun ities. "We all know many people Voters' Birthday The Organized Women Voters of Arlington will hold will their annual birthday party at noon tomorrow in the Washington Golf and Country Club. At the party, the group will honor its “Woman of the Year.” I The line of applicants for District auto tags today stretched from 469 C street N.W. (arrow) to Indiana avenue. Deadline is midnight tomorrow.—Star Staff Photo. still go into a state of shock when they enter institutions ! which were formerly white and find them Negro now, she said. “Until we are one community, not referring to each other as Negro or white communities, we will not have real integration here” Mrs. Harris added that it is unwise to oversimplify the! economic issue between the races. She said the decline in the Negro Juvenile crime rate in Washington is not neces-! sarily a result of economic bet terment. but rather of the Negro youth’s “new attitude towards himself.” "Now that the Negro is liv ing in a desegregated commu nity, he feels more individual responsibility,” she said. Her plea for more communi cation in Negro-white commu nities was seconded by Mr. Bray, who is currently heading the Adams-Morgan demonstra tion project on prevention of urban blight. The project, un derwritten by the Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency, Involves more than 20,000 people living in a 42- block area in Northwest Wash ington. HARVARD BAND SET TO BANG 'BIGGEST' DRUM The world's largest play able drum comes to town tomorrow with the Harvard University Band. Standing over 8 feet high, the instrument will accompany 55 Harvard un dergraduates for a concert of works ranging from Bach to Leonard Bernstein at 8;30 p.m. tomorrow at Lisner Auditorium. The band’s appearance is sponsored by the Har vard Club of Washington for the benefit of its schol arship fund. ! p)e fknittg Jlfef WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1959 Elaine Pratesi, standing up through the open top of a Volkswagen, shows off her Easter bonnet. Jim Simpson was her escort. The parade was sponsored by the Downtown Silver Spring Business Association.— Star Staff Photos by Walter Oates. Plumbing Code Change Urged D. C. Asked to Bar Dual Waste Lines A new regulation requiring , installation of separate waste and storm drainage lines in all future buildings throughout Washington has been recom mended to the District Com missioners. The suggestion was made to the city engineering staff by the District Building Code Ad- | visory Committee. The group, | which consists of represents ijtives of the building industry! as well as local government of- * ' ftcials, took its lead from a rec- 1 i ommendation by the staff of 1 1 the Joint Congressional Com- ' mittee on Washington Metro- 1 ■ politan Problems. | ■ ;i At present only those build ings that are erected in sec- \ toinos of the city where the 1 !| public sewer system is separate; 1 [ must contain separate Interior [ plumbing lines. The proposed ' . regulation would require sep-1 . i arated interior plumbing in all ’ ! areas, including those now | served by combined public ! sewer systems. About half of the city, mostly ■ the downtown area, has this I combined system. 1 Separation of the combined] 1 system means that human! wastes go into separate lines 1 for treatment at the Blue Plains sewage treatment plant, while the storm water drainage ■ travels by independent sewers direct to the streams. In the combined system areas, human wastes wind up in the same pipelines during stormy weather i for discharge to the streams without treatment. Brig. Gen. Alvin C. Welling, District Engineer Commissioner, reflected the congressional com mittee's view that a separation of the plumbing lines in build ings would play an important part in reducing pollution of |area streams. The cost of completely sepa rating the combined public sewer system in downtown Washington has been estimated i at S2OO million. Gen. Welling said he will recommend that the Commis sioners hold a public hearing on the recommendation in the . near future. i I Couple Killed in Crash With Driverless Truck FREDERICK, Md„ Mar. 30 (AP).—A Frederick County couple was killed in a head-on collision last night when a driverless tractor-trailer parked at a roadside restaurant drifted ; onto U. S. 15. Raymond R. Toms, ,65, of RFD 1, Thurmont, Md.. and his wife, Lucy, 60, died in Frederick Memorial Hospital this morn ing of injuries received in the , 1 accident at midnight, about 10 j ] miles north of here. j, Trooper H. J. Brown said 1 truck driver Elmer Lester Hart! of Beaufort. S. C., parked his! 1 rig off the highway and went 1 into a restaurant. It later drifted onto the highway and into the northbound Toms car. The Tomses were returning to their home on U. S. 15 about two miles north of the acci dent scene after spending Eas- ' ter with a daughter. Mrs. Toms 1 was driving, the trooper said. £ SMASHUP KILLS It D. C. WOMAN I •. A Washington secretary was ‘ killed in an auto accident near 1 ! Winchester. Va., yesterday while 1 j returning here after visiting with a sister. \\ She was Miss Daisy F. Ru- e dolph. 51, a secretary for the it Association of American Rail- 1 [roads which has headquarters! lin the Transportation Build- ! i ing. Miss Rudolph, who had < | ’ived in the District more than! l 28 years, resided at the Park Terrace Apartments, 1660 , Lanier place N.W. State police said Miss Ru- . dolph was a passenger in a car ; involved in an accident on State | Route 604, 2 miles south of Star ; Tannery in Frederick County, : about 2:30 p.m. She died uf] 1 internal injuries and a frac tured skull at Winchester Me morial Hospital. Miss Rudolph spent Easter with her sister. Mrs. Herbert Mcllwee of Star Tannery. State Trooper Bill F. Berry of Strasburg, said Miss Rudolph • was in the front seat of a car 1 driven by her niece. Mrs. 1 Laura Mcllwee Cole, daughter ; of Mrs. Mcllwee. He said the 1958-model car ran off the left side of the road and rammed i a tree after Mrs. Cole reached ! out to assist her year-old daughter, Angela, who was slipping from the seat between the two women. Mrs. Cole, whose husband, John, is in the Army at Fort Monmouth, N. J., suffered rib fractures and severe cuts of the forehead. Her daughter also received a cut forehead. Both were admitted to the Winchester Hospital. Mrs. Cole’s husband was fol lowing in a station wagon, but did not see the crash, Trooper Berry said. The accident oc curred about 25 miles from Winchester. Miss Rudolph had worked for the railroad industry here for over 28 years. MAN, 64, BELIEVED HIT-RUN VICTIM A 64-year-old Arlington man was found dead in the road at the intersection of Columbia pike and Glebe road yesterday. Arlington County police said they were carrying the death 1 of Charles William Russell of j 3503 South Ninth street. Ar lington, as a hit-and-run traf fic fatality. The police said they had a witness who said it was a hit and-run case. But ..•'lice added that an autopsy disclosed Mr. Russell died of a heart attack Police said they would dis cuss the case later today with Commonwealth’s Attorney Wil liam Hassan. According to police, a wit ness told them Mr. Russell had been crossing Columbia pike when a car made a right turn trom Glebe road onto Columbia pike and appeared to hit him. Mr. Russell, self employed, made his living selling hand made leather belts. WOMAN STRUCK IN VERONA DIES STAUNTON, Va., Mar. 30 < APi.—Mrs. Edith Woodell Al len. 30, of Staunton, died in the hospital here from injuries re received yesterday when hit by a car on U. S. Route 11 at Verona in Augusta County. State police identified the driver of the car as Milton M. Vaughan of Georgia. Feature Page, B-15 Radio-TV, Page B-16 Comics, Pages B-17-19 Political Situation In Virginia 10th Attracting Interest Hirst Withdrawal and Boothe Battle With Beverley Spotlighted By ALEX R. PRESTON ■Mr Staff Writer With the Democratic filing deadline a little over two weeks sway, political spring is late arriving this year in nearby Virginia. Last week’s announcement by Fairfax-Falls Church Dele gate Omer L. Hirst that he would retire when his term expires at the end of the year opened up a second major contest for legislative posts in the 10th Congressional District that will be watched with interest throughout the State. “The Hirst withdrawal,” said Fairfax Democratic Chairman Augustus C. Johnson, “stirred up a flurry of activity. But it came so suddenly that so far no one has come out in the open as a candidate for his seat.” The other major legislative contest which already has taken shape is between Alex andria’s. veteran State Sena tor Armistead L. Boothe, and a peppery campaigner, former Mayor Marshall J. Beverley. Filing deadline for the Dem ocratic primaries to be held in Arlington. Alexandria, Fairfax and Falls Church is April 15. G.O.P. Pace Slower Activity in the Republican camp is much more slow since that party will field candidates in party mass meetings and has until July 14 to do so. That is the date on which the Demo cratic primary will be held. Mr. Hirst’s announcement was made Thursday. It is al most certain to bring out more than one Democratic aspirant to fill the seat. When two or more new candidates enter the race, that will automatically in volve Fairfax County’s second member of the House of Dele gates, John C. Webb, who is expected to announce for re election. In a field of three or more candidates, the two with the highest votes would win the nomination. So far. State Senator John A. K. Donovan of Fairfax-Falls Church, who formally an nounced for re-election in Feb ruary, has no indications of an opponent. Aside from the State sena torial race between Mr. Boothe and Mr. Beverley in Alexandria, the other legislative office to be filled there is that of Delegate James M. Thomson, who headed one of the Legislature’s two former racial invesigation com mittees In Arlington, the possibility t ON TAP Salamanders Irk Mother In Clinton I A Clinton tMd.) family eyed household spigots warily today after getting an unwelcome flow of salamanders throuh a bath room tap. Mrs. Charles I. Biggs, of 321! Belle Fonte lane, said the little : creatures came through her bathtub tap Saturday night. “They were up to a half inch long, dead and in water that smelled stagnant,” Mrs Biggs said. She has not been troubled since, but is boiling all drinking and cooking water just in case. She said she is afraid that maybe some salamander eggs will come through and not be as easily seen. “I have a 16-month-old son and I don’t want him getting j anything like that,” Mrs. Biggs said. An lnspec ion by the Prince Georges Health Department two weeks ago found the water to be safe, Mrs. Biggs said. She added that a family across the street also had the same thing in their water. Jonn A. Brickley, real estate agent who operates the water system in the Belle Font sub division, said this is the first trouble reported since he started using an underground spring in 1935. He said he has placed a 1 32nd-inch aluminum screen in the system to supplement a jl 16th-inch screen already ! there. “The water is chlorinated and checked regularly by the Health Department, so I’m sure it’ll be all right,” he said. B of a legislative contest exists ' with the reported interest of l Ralph Kaul, member of the i County Board, in a seat either in the State Senate or the ] House of Delegates. Arlington Democratic Chair i man Ernest L. Lyons said all the Incumbent legislators have ; indicated they will seek re ! nomination although none has yet formally announced. They ■ are Senator Charles R. Fenwick and Delegate Harrison Mann, Kathryn Stone and William Winston. In local contests, principal interest so far centers in Arling ton for the treasurer's post now held by a Republican, and in 1 Fairfax, where at least two ; Democratic primary contests ’ have developed in races for the 1 Board of County Supervisors. MacPhearson Unchallenged To date, no Democrat has ■ stepped forward to challenge Arlington Treasurer Colin C. * MacPhearson who is reported ; anxious to devote full time to ’ his real estate business but who ■ is expected to run again at the • request of friends. I Other Democratic officehold ers in Arlington, Sheriff Carl i Taylor, Commonwealth’s At ■ torney William J. Hassan, Court Clerk H. Bruce Green ■ and Commissioner of Revenue . George Fisher, already have . annuonced for renomination. No opposition has appeared. Last week the Democratic ! Committee voted not to hold ’ a primary for two seats on the ’Arlington County Board. It ' could, however, nominate later by convention or mass meeting, if political conditions made [ that course desirable. Republican Chairman David ; Gordon said his party is "con ' sidering’' nominations for the : I County Board. 3 ! So far. Board Chairman 3 David Krupsaw and a new can ’ didate, William Lightsey, have announced as candidates of the Arlingtonians for a Better ■ County. In Fairfax, three Republicans hold seats on the seven-member Board of County Supervisors. One of them. Brig. Gen. Rich ' ard P. Ovenshine, has an -1 nounced his intention to retire. Two Democrats already have announced, assuring a primary contest for his seat in the Mount Vernon District. They are • George C. Landrith. a member of the County Plan [ ning Commission who lives at Bucknell, and John B. Jones, jr., an attorney, of Hollin Hills. Dranesville Contest A second primary contest has developed in the Dranesville District for the seat of Repub lican A. Clairborne Leigh, who is expected to seek renomina tion. The Democrats are Bright M. Carper, McLean dairy farm er and brother of G. Wallace Carper who was defeated by Mr. Leigh two years ago. and I Waiter T. Skallerup, jr. of Mc- Lean. The third Republican now on the board is William A. Moss of the L“e District. At least one Democrat is reported circulat ing a petition of candidacy. Other Democrats expected to , run again are Board Chairman Stuart Deßell of Centreville Thomas Gray of Falls ! Church District; Mrs. Anne ; Wilkins of Mason District and . James Ketih of Providence Dis trict. Os other Democratic officers. Commonwealth’s Attorney Robert C. Fitzgerald an ; nounced last week for renomin- I ation. Others expected to file are Sheriff John E. Taylor and , Court Clerk Thomas P. Chap i man, jr. i Republican District Chair man Raymond Cromley said lo cal mass meetings <n each area are expected to enter slates i against all Democrats prior to I the July 14 deadline for his party to act.