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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 14, 1960, Image 1

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Today in Color—Fashion Notes on Swimsuits—Page D-l
THf WEATHER: Xft ’
Some cloudiness tonight, low about 22.
Tomorrow increasing cloudiness, continued
cold.
108th Year. No. 74.
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This young Bengal tiger, named Mighty Mo,
looks downright disconsolate in his cage at
the Washington Zoo, despite the bright new
blue paint job keepers have applied to the cage
Law to Retire
Pilots Upheld
Court Backs FAA
On Over-60 Ruling
The law which tomorrow will
start requiring airline pilots to
retire on their 60th birthdays
was upheld today in District
Court.
Judge Luther W. Youngdahl
turned down a plea by a 60-
year-old pilot with a 28-year
accident-free record of flying
for airlines. The pilot, Robert
G. Chew, of Miami. Fla . had
c ‘;:d the judge to prevent the
Federal Aviation Agency from
enforcing the regulation.
The law, which will affect
about 35 pilots over 60 who are
now flying for airlines, had
been vigorously defended by E.
R. Quesada, FAA administrator.
Cites Safety Promotion
Judge Youngdahl ruled that
power to enforce the regula
tion had been properly dele
gated by Congress to the FAA.
He said it was directly related
to the FAA’s duties—the pro
motion of safety in air com
merce.
The regulation says:
“No individual who has
reached his 60th birthday shall
be utilized or serve as a pilot
See PILOTS, Page A-6
®IL
APARTMENT
HUNTING?
Be sure to see the wide
variety of listings in today’s
Star Classified
Section
Phone LI. 3-5000
WAITING FOR SPRING
Meany Urges Unions
To End Race Bias Here
By LEE M. COHN
Star Staff Writer
AFL-CIO President George
Meany today denounced racial
discrimination in District of
Columbia unions and declared
, such practices must be stamped
out.
“The time has come to meet
this problem head on,” he said
in a speech before the sixth
annual legislative conference of
the AFL-CIO building and con
struction trades department at
the Sheraton-Park Hotel.
About 3.300 delegates repre
senting some 3 million union
workers in the building trades
gathered here to buttonhole
members of Congress and listen
to speeches by presidential as
pirants and other political
luminaries.
Senator Kennedy, Democrat
of Massachusetts, and Labor
Secretary Mitchell assured the
delegates of their support for
the delegates’ top legislative
goal—relaxation of restrictions
Drive Urged to Return
First Banjo to Virginia
APPOMATTOX. Va„ Mar. 14
<AP). The Joel Walker
Sweeney Memorial Fund nere
may be revived to establish a
museum in honor of the in
ventor of the American banjo.
Joe Sweeney, as the 19th
century minstrel was known
widely, was born here in 1810.
He died at the home place in
1860 and was buried in the
family gravevard.
The memorial fund was es
tablished in April, 1953, at the
Band of Appomattox by retired
Army Col. G. H. Collins. The
colonel, a member of the Ban
joists of America, said his group
regards Joe Sweeney as its
“patron saint.”
The original purpose of the
fund was to provide a head
stone for Joe Sweeney’s grave.
Mrs. Mary A. Hudson, a teller
at the bank, was named treas
urer of the fund. She reported
that, after the headstone was
installed, some $BO remained in
the account. Original dona
tions came from all over the
United States and from England.
Research disclosed that what
is believed to be America's first
Wje jEbening Star
J WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
walls. Tigers like the bright warm days of
summer and the current cold spell just doesn’t
make life in the zoo what it should be.—Star
Staff Photo by Glenn Leach.
I against picketing on construc-
I tion sites.
Other speakers on today’s
schedule were Senator Kuchel,
Republican of California, and
Senator Douglas, Democrat of
Illinois. Thursday's agenda—
after the delegates circulate on
Capitol Hill Tuesday and
Wednesday—includes speeches
by Senators Humphrey, Demo
crat of Minnesota: Symington,
Democrat of Missouri; Cooper.
Republican of Kentucky;
Morse, Democrat of Oregon,
and McNamara, Democrat of
Michigan.
The delegates are pressing
i for a broad legislative program,
including Federal aid to edu
cation, housing and depressed
areas.
After calling for “strong and
meaningful” civil rights legis
lation, Mr. Meany said “labor
cannot in good conscience urge
Congress to act against racial
discrimination when some of
See LABOR, Page A-6
banjo is in the possession of
the Los Angeles County Mu
seum in California. Efforts by
the State of Virginia to have
the instrument returned to the
Old Dominion in 1949 were un
successful.
Whether the museum piece
is the first of the many banjoes
known to have been made by
Sweeney is not clear. But an
official said he believed it is
one of the first creations that
Sweeney is said to have mod
eled out of sugar gourds, cat
hide and hairs from the tail of
a horse in the fashion of “ban
jers” brought to this country
by slaves imported from Africa.
Further efforts to bring the
“first banjo” back to Appomat
tox likely will be made soon.
Records show that the in
strument Joe Sweeney devised
was very different from the
’’banjer” used by Negro slaves
of that day. He added the fifth,
thumb, melody, chantrelle or
octave string.
He also was apparently the
first to use a circular box for
a rim, a laminated rim and gut
strings.
WASHINGTON, D. C„ MONDAY, MARCH 14, 1%0-M PAGES Hom. Mh.M: Daily ..4 S.M W ,51.95 5 Cents
Giant Airlift
Is Under Way
Exercise Involves
18,000 Troops
FORT CAMPBELL, Ky„ Mar.
14 <AP).— .Military transport
planes were transporting troops
from snow-covered United
States bases today for two
weeks of maneuvers in balmy
Puerto Rico.
The split-second airlift sched
ule, which will last throughout
the exercises, will get some 700
troops and hundreds of tons of
equipment to the Caribbean
commonwealth by midnight to
night. Before the operation
ends, 18,000 troops and 11.000
tons of equipment will be sent
to Puerto Rico and returned.
Test of Transport
Eight thousand of the troops
are 101st Airborne Division
paratroopers from Fort Camp
bell, where the mercury stood
at 25 degrees. Nine hours after
departure, the troops will be in
Puerto Rico, where the temper
ature is expected to reach the
80s.
Exercise Big Slam - Puerto
Pine is one of the largest air
lifts of men and equipment
ever undertaken in peacetime
and is designed to flex the
muscles of this Nation’s mis
sile-age defenses. Its chief
purpose is to see how quickly
the Military Transport Serv
ice can speed battle-ready
troops to the world’s hot spots.
Those taking part in the
joint Army-Air Force exercise
include Utah National Guards
men and Pennsylvania reserv
ists.
Other troops will come from
such widely separated points
as the Pacific Northwest and
New England.
370 Planes in Airlift
The first planes took off at
12:30 am. (CTS) and the
schedule called for similar
flights, Cach carrying 10 men
with battle equipment, every
half hour during most of the
next two weeks. Most of the
troops will stay in Puerto Rico
only two or three days.
The initial flights are loaded
primarily with equipment. The
big lift of manpower will be
Saturday.
A total of 370 planes will fly
925 round trips during the ex
ercise.
House Rights Bill
Facing Senate Fight
Khrushchev
Resets Tour
For March 23
Visit to France,
Delayed by Flu,
Cut to 12 Days
MOSCOW, Mar. 14 (API.—
March 23 has been agreed upon
as the new date for Premier
Khrushchev to visit France.
Tass announced today. The
visit will continue until April 3
Mr. Khrushchev originally
had planned to start his visit
tomorrow, but was forced to
postpone it over the week end
because of an attack of influ
enza.
The new schedule cuts Mr.
Khrushchev’s French visit to
12 days. He originally had
planned to spend 14, but some
adjustment had been expected
in view of the tight schedule
of French President Charles
de Gaulle this spring.
Speculation Ended
Gen. de Gaulle will begin
a four-day state visit to Britain
April 5, only two days after
Mr. Khrushchev leaves. Gen.
de Gaulle will go to the United
States April 19.
The prompt announcement
of a new date for the visit
dissolved speculation that Mr.
Khrushchev might be suffer
ing from a “diplomatic ill
ness." Diplomats here had
scoffed at this speculation all
along, saying the Soviet Pre
mier was eager for the pre
summit talks with Gen. de
Gaulle.
The nation was shocked when
a Radio Moscow announcer
broke into a routine Sunday
musical program to announce
that Khrushchev had the
“khrip” —the Russian version
of the grippe, influenza.
Attended by Top Doctors
Illnesses of top Soviet officials
are rarely disclosed. But in this
case the postponement of Mr.
Khrushchev’s French trip made
the announcement necessary.
Although the Soviet Premier
will be 66 years old next month,
there was no anxiety about his
condition. Thousands of Mus
covites have been felled by the
capital’s usual March flu epi
demic.
Mr. Khrushchev is understood
to be resting as comfortably as
can be expected at his country
home outside Moscow with the
nation’s top doctors in attend
ance. His wife and family are
with him.
If Soviet tradition is followed,
there will be no regular bul
letins or other information for
the press on the progress of
the illness.
The Premier apparently was
stricken suddenly—possibly Fri
day. Soviet newspapers and
See KHRUSHCHEV,. Page A-6
Drug Agency Warns on Quacks
With Turtle Oil, Royal Jelly Cures
By the Associated Press
Have you ever tried turtle oil
to iron out your wrinkles, used
royal jelly to cure anything that
ails you, or applied an electric
shock to mend broken bones?
If you have, you may be
among the millions of Ameri
cans who shell out close to a
billion dollars a year to medi
cal and nutritional quacks.
The Food and Drug Admin
istration is conducting a run
ning war against “literally
thousands of medical quacks”
and wants Congress to put up
more money to finance the
fight.
George P. Larrick, head of
the agency created to police
the food and drug business, re
cently outlined his problems to
a House Appropriations sub
committee which published his
testimony today.
While there has been no final
action, members indicated that
they may approve the money
request.
Mr. Larrick brought' along
some samples to back up his
case. They included, among
other things, a “hagi pipe” and
a plastic bag into which a per-
French Hide Irritation
AtTrip's Postponement
Officials Believe Khrushchev
Was Unhappy Over Schedule
By CROSBY S. NOYES
European Correspondent of The Star
PARIS, Mar. 14.—Genuine as it may be, Soviet Premier
Khrushchev’s inconvenient flu bug shows up one of the
major problems of summit diplomacy.
The French today are trying hard to keep their tempers
and hide their irritation behind a mask of official courtesy.
The line that Mr. Khrushchev is really ill and is not a
victim of diplomatic indisposi
tion is being firmly laid down
by the government and duti
fully accepted by most of the
press. The line was bolstered by
the prompt rescheduling of the
visit.
But like a hostess whose long
planned party falls through at
the last moment, France shows a
good deal of exasperation amid
the gloomy feeling that the
party—when it does come off—
won’t be the same.
Cost Is One Factor
It isn’t only the cost of post
ponement—distracted hotel
keepers and banqueteers, fran
tic officials, forlorn half-com
pleted decorations, tons of
wasted flowers, complaints of
hundreds of political “vaca-1
tioners” cooling their heels on
Transit Agency Bill
Filed in Both Houses
By GRACE BASSETT
Star Stiff Writer
A White House proposal to
start planning and building a
.rapid transit system in the
Washington Metropolitan Area
today was introduced as legis
lation on both sides of Con
gress.
Sponsoring Senator Bible,
Democrat of Nevada, and Rep
resentative Broyhill, Republi
can of Virginia, were identified
as’ standard-bearers of the
sweeping administration plan.
Senator Bible introduced the
legislation as chairman of the
District Committee and the
Joint Congressional Commit
tee on Washington Metropoli
tan problems. Senior House
District Committee members
deferred to Mr. Broyhill be
cause his neighboring con
stituency will be most directly
effected by this bill.
Hopes for Action
“I hope Congress, before the
end of this session, will act on
the transportation legislation,”
Senator Bible said.
He added the bill posed ma
jor policy questions, such as
new methods of co-operation
between Federal, State and lo
cal governments to reduce con
gestion in a crowded Metropoli
tan area.
“It is likely there will be
| son suffering from muscle
cramps sticks his head.
The “hagi pipe,” made in
Japan at a cost of 6 cents, was
offered for sale at $2.40. Made
of bamboo with a mouthpiece
on one end, the pipe carried
this claim: "Gospel to all
smokers, hagi pipe to prevent
lung cancer from smoking.”
The directions for the plastic
bag, which sold for a dollar,
told the user to “stick your head
down in the bag and exhale
into it, and then breathe back
your own breath.” After doing
that five times, the cramps were
supposed to disappear.
Nutritional quackery, Mr.
Larrick estimated, costs Em esti
mated 16 million Americans
more than $5OO million Em
nually.
It involves promotion of “spe
cial" or “secret” formulas in
cluding such ingredients as
blackstrap molasses, seaweed or
alfalfa. 7116 makers claim that
if the formulas are used prop
erly they would cure or prevent
cancer or graying hair. Some
of the formulas sold for as much
as $2OO a year per person.
“Medical quackery is big busi
ness,” Mr. Larrick informed the
Night Final
Late New York Markets, Page A-15
government orders and at pub
lic expense in Corsica.
There also is the uncom
fortable knowledge—at least
among officials concerned—
that Mr. Khrushchev himself
: has had some serious reserva
' tions about the party as it was
J originally planned.
> Changes Suggested
Even before the announce
ment of his illness, some of the
arrangements had threatened
to become unstuck. And with
. the postponement and subse
. quent rescheduling, the argu
. ment over these arrangements
. probably will continue.
I Objections about the plans
I for the visit became known here
I soon after Mr. Khrushchev got
i See PARIS, Page A-6
'many differences of opinion,”
Senator Bible told the Senate.
“So it is up to Congress to de
velop these ideas fully through
hearings.”
Mr. Broyhill praised the ad
ministration proposal as a
“very sound approach.” Con
gress must complete action on
this bill, or a reasonable adap
tation of it, to meet its respon
sibilities to residents of the
Capital area, he stressed.
Calls for New Agency
The bill calls for creation of
a new Federal agency to fix
routes and timetables and es
timate costs of a rapid rail
transit system. With the ap
proval of Maryland and Vir
ginia Governors, the agency
could begin actual construction
of a subway system in the Dis
trict and the surrounding
suburbs
The administration envi
sions the agency being super
seded by 1963 by an interstate
organization. The President
would form a new Federal cor
poration to succeed the agency
if an Interstate compact could
not be negotiated.
Joint Senate-House hearings
on the measure were favored
within a month by both Sen-
See TRANSIT, Page A-6
committee, with an estimated
$250 million a year going into
the pockets of the quacks.
One company, he said, sold
vitamins on a yearly basis at a
cost of $l9B per person and
grossed $25 million a year. Its
product was supposed to be
“good for everything from can
cer to sterility.”
Not long ago, Mr. Larrick
said, an estimated 4,000 people
paid $19.50 each for a little
battery device to administer
shocks. The gadget was sup
posed to be “helpful for goiter,
kidney trouble, heart pain,
broken bones, childbirth, pa
ralysis and deafness.”
Purveyors of turtle oil prep
arations claim its use will
bring about “miraculous reju
venation.” The theory is that
if the oil keeps turtles living to
a ripe old age, it ought to be
good for humans.
“Royal jelly is supposed to
be good for everything that
ails you,” Mr. Larrick said.
Royal jelly, he explained, is
a secretion made by worker
bees and fed to the queen bee
who invariably is larger and
leads a better life. If it can do
that for a bee. why not for a
man, its sponsors hope.
Warning
Sounded
By Russell
By J. A, O’LEARY J
Star Staff Writer
Senator Russell indicated to
day that the opponents of
civil rights legislation will not
accept a moderate House bill
without a fight.
The Georgia Democrat, lead
er of the Southern forces in
their fight against the legisla
tion, said that those who ex
pect the Senate to accept the.
House bill without batting an
eye may be in for “a rude
awakening.”
He made the statement in
the Senate as House leaders
prepared to begin voting late
today on their measure, gen
erally regarded as more mod
erate than the Senate bill.
Will Restore Clause
However, House Judiciary
Committee Chairman Celler
said he would move immediate
ly to restore provisions author
izing the Atorney General to
file Federal court civil suits in
all kinds of civil rights cases,
making permanent the Com
mittee on Equal Job Opportun
ities, and authorizing Federal
grants to communities for
school desegregation programs.
If the House agrees to take
up these proposals first, it
probably would not act until
tomorrow off the intended
Southern attempt to extend to
all kinds of court orders the
present bill’s ban on obstruc
tion of orders dealing only
with school desegregation.
Most observers doubt the
Southern Senators will be able
to prevent action on the House
bill. But if they launch an
other round of marathon
speeches against it. Senate
leaders will be compelled to
make a second attempt to in
voke the anti-filibuster cloture
' rule.
Could Keep Fight Alive
This could keep the civil
rights fight going in the Sen
ate until near the end of March.
But Senate Republican Lead
;er Dirksen told reporters he
thought the Senate would ac
cept the House bill, even if it
includes a court obstruction
penalty provision, and that
final congressional action on a
civil rights bill might come by
I the middle of next week.
Speaker Rayburn said he be
lieved the House will pass a
“reasonable” bill. He said he
.could not predict the exact
form of the final measure be
j cause “a very great many”
amendments will be offered.
Key amendment proposals
dealing with the Federal court
referee plan will be offered by
two Republicans, Representa
tives McCulloch of Ohio and
Lindsay of New York. The ver
sion originally recommended by
the Justice Department is to be
submitted by Mr. Lindsay. Mr.
McCulloch reportedly has made
some revisions in that proposal,
but has not disclosed whether
the form in which he will in-
See RIGHTS, Page A-6
Missile Cruiser
LORIENT, France, Mar. 14
<AP).—Defense Minister Pierre
Messmer has announced that
construction will begin soon on
a guided missile cruiser for the
French navy. He gave no date
or other details.
COOKING SCHOOb
HELD FOR MEN
MAU COOKING chrne, - Slrab
ford Junior High School in Arlington
ore going over in a big way, says -
Star Food Editor Violet Faulkner.
Chef Bert of Washington’s Metro
politan Club holds forth at these
meetings, scheduled once a week in
the school. See Page D-2.
Guide for Readers
Amusements B-6-7 Feature Page D-12
Businessand Lost, Found . A-3
Finance A-14-15 Music B-7
Classified D-6-11 Obituary B-4
Comics ... C-5-7 Sports C-1-4
Crossword .. C-6 TV-Radio —D-4-5
Editorial ...A-12 Woman's
Edit'l Articles A-13 Section ..D-1-3
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