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District and vicinity—Cloudy and rather windy with rain, high in the upper 40s to day. Rain ending tonight and turning colder, low near 30. Partial clearing to morrow and somewhat colder. 109th Year. No. 15. Phon* LI. 3-5000 **** yam. :a—ry jfcarryr ? T M ' * ~' '■ ’1 WhK||Uksv J ■■ waoriML ”** I Wu a wjrSsL ®mEP’ flba Hr a ■ I £ MrtJk • ’ gB i k at ■WBwW - mk. i* ■ x imPL -•^^^'•’A-js ■bw I <*£?.‘ 7 “>• "L Tk rgr -•**»*-.;*• jK*»\ Hd k « •* / ~* ' x *"L> M-*.- w & SMBs fl Ik \. >w IAKuTSh)* 1 * al W Mrmß fi 1 gy .f W Mgiw ft 1 ?**"’j.'J? BmHuljjß||b_ IShh ■ fl 201 j| ' A panoramic view of a family of bears and their cum fascinates 4-year-old Alice Taylor, of 124 North Carolina avenue S.E. and her sister Laura, 2. They’re looking at the National Geographic Society’s exhwit of 275 wildlife Reds Rebuffed ByU.N.Vofe Move to Censure Belgium Foils UNITED NATIONS. N. Y„ Jan. IB (AP).—The Soviet Union and thro* Asian-African nations failed today to gain United Nation* Security Coun cil censure of Belgium for al leged intervention in the Congo. Valerian A. Zorin, Soviet deputy foreign minister, imme diately told the Council he con sidered the issue should be brought before the 99-nation General Assembly. But he did not say wliethe- he would re quest such action before the Assembly resumes its regular session in March. Only the Soviet Union, Li beria, Ceylon and the United Arab Republic voted for a reso lution that would have found Belgium guilty of violating its trusteeship over Ruanda- Urundl. Hammarskjold Speaks The resolution submitted by the three Asian-African na tions sought such action on the grounds that Belgium per mitted Congo troops of Col. Joseph Mobutu to use the ter ritory as a base for a raid January 1 on troops in Kivu Province who support deposed Premier Patrice Lumumba. All other members of the 11- nation Council abstained—the United States, Britain, France, Nationalist China, Chile, Ecua dor and Turkey. Seven affir mative votes were required. Secretary General Dag Ham marskjold spoke briefly just before the vote. He had been accused by the Soviet Union of racial bias in carrying out U.N. operations in the Congo, and with helping the Belgians take action against the Lu mumba forces. Alm of Distrust Seen Mr. Hammarskjold declared that the charges were raised by the Soviet Union for the pur pose of trying to sow distrust between Congo officials and U. N. personnel. The secretary general, who flew back from Africa to attend See U. N„ Page A-3 Place Your Out-Of-Town Mail Orders Now for the SOUVENIR INAUGURAL EDITIONS Os January 19,20, and 21 These three editions of The Washington Star will hold high historic and sentimental value for people throughout the world. All the drama and excitement of the Inaugura tion will be covered in these colorful editions. Send this thoughtful and very special gift to all your out-of town relatives and friends. For handy coupons see Page D-9. THE CALL OF THE WILD Harrison Enters Race For Virginia Governor By ALEX R. PRESTON ■tar Staff Wrlwr LAWRENCEVILLE, Va„ Jan. lie—Virginia Attorney General Albertis 8. Harrison. Jr M stat ing his firm opposition to a sales tax and pledging support to a puldie school system, to night formally announced as a candidate for Governor. He will face Lt. Gov. A. E. 8. Stephens of Smithfield, who announced on November 13 his Intention to seek the Demo cratic nomination for Goveror in the July primary. Mr. Harrison, 54, and Mr. Stephens, 60, are contesting for the seat to be vacated next January by Gov. Almond, who cannot succeed himself. The Attorney General dis closed his plan to resign from that office on April 1, “or sooner,** he added, “should my campaign-related activities in terfere or prevent me from dis charging the duties of the of fice fully and completely.’* r Sees Fiscal Gains The tone of his address i seemed to put him dose to the ■ Almond freedom -of - choice . plan of school operation but ■ against a sales tax Which the I Governor recommended—with i out success—to the 1960 Legis l lature. Addressing a banquet at the ■ Brunswick high school, Mr. : Harrison said: “As most of you , know, I have consistently op- ■ posed and discouraged the im . position of a sales tax. I have never felt that we were faced , with the emergency that would . justify this additional burden L on the taxpayers of the state.” i Mr. Harrison said he saw no ; immediate threat to Virginia's , financial picture, pointing out j that revenues exceed estimates . each year. At the end of the last fiscal year—June, 1960 the surplus stood at 135.9 mil lion, he said. ■ Mr. Harrison announced , what he said was “the biggest Electrical Anaesthesia Praised as Success JACKSON, Miss., Jan. 14 (AP).—A team of surgeons at the University of Mississippi Medical Center used electricity today to anesthetize a woman as simply as turning on an electric light. Within a minute after the switch was turned off follow ing the operation, the woman awoke and expressed no dis comfort. In addition, she had no .nausea and was returned immediately to her room in stead of to a recovery room, where she ordinarily would have spent considerable time under constant supervision. Hospital authorities said the use of the electrical anesthesia was the first in the nation, and possibly in the world. The surgery was an abdominal operation. The use of electrical anesthe sia was developed at the center after four years of research under a grant from the Depart ment of the Army, which is particularly interested because of the equipment's potential She Sunday Shir WITH DAILY EVENING piTION photos opening tomorrow in Explorer’s Hall at the society, Sixteenth and M streets N.W. Most of the photographs and paintings are in full color.—-Star Staff Photo Dy Francis Routt ; KB ;B■ ft d IB- "’’ *■ », BHH —AP Photo ’ ALBERTIS 8. HARRISON, Jr. r decision of my life” at the ' 30th annual stockholders meet ' ing of the Farmers & Merchants ' bank, of which he is a founder and vice president. “I do not agree,” he said, “with those who maintain that s Virginia has failed to meet its ! obligations in providing public ‘ services. Os course, all that is ' desirable has not been done, 1 but that is not the proper cri ' terion. The test is essential * needs, and these needs have been met.” ** B Need Js Criterion 1 A short time later he added - this qualification: "Frankly, at * this time we cannot predict ? what emergencies may arise, * and the extent of the demands 1 thA may be made on State gov- J eminent in the future . Until this picture is clearer, it would ) be dangerous for Virginia to b use its last tax source.”, £ Once a sales tax is imposed, ’ he warned, “it will be perma- - nent and will go in only one di ‘ rection and that is up.” His pledge to support a public 1 school system came in that part t See HARRISON, Fage A-6 for operations under combat conditions. The system—costing $l50 — works like this: An oscillator, or frequency generator, provides 700 cycles of current through an amplifier, which is connected to the patient’s temples by electrodes the size of half dollars. Within 30 to 60 seconds after the switch Is thrown, the patient is asleep and the oper ation may begin. The patient remains unconscious as long as the current is on and wakes up within 30 to 60 seconds after the current is turned off. A hospital spokesman said a 700-cycle signal —compared with 60 cycles used in house current —was chosen after months of research on dogs and monkeys. Using electical anesthesia means the patient is awake almost immediately after the operation and may begin car ing for himself instead of having to spend hours in a recovery room under constant supervision. Nausea and other after-effects are absent. WASHINGTON, D. C., JANUARY 15, 1961—234 PAGES Foreign Gold Buying Barred U. S. Sets Ban To Cut Losses By Ui« AnocUMS Pr«M President Eisenhower, in a new demonstration of official concern over the Nation’s gold problem, yesterday tarred Americans from hoarding gold abroad. United States citizens and firms no longer will be per mitted to buy foreign gold either directly or Indirectly. Those who already own such gold will have until June 1 to dispose of their holdings. The surprise move was ex pected to help the Govern ment’s effort to stem the heavy flow of gold from the United States. However, officials de clined to be specific about the possible effect because there are no statistics on the amount of foreign gold owned by Americans. Ever since 1933, Americans have been prohibited from own ing gold in the United States. Until today, they had been able to own gold abroad so long as they didn’t bring it into the country. Treasury officials said Mr. Eisenhower’s move was designed to "tidy up” the gold regula tions and block this loophole. Mr. Elsenhower acted by sign ing an executive order. Officials said the question of gold hoarding abroad has be come significant because of the publicity about the gold situa tion and Increased promotional efforts here by sellers of foreign gold. The-White House announce ment said "it is not believed that a large amount of gold is See GOLD, Page A-6 Sect. A .... General News Sect. I Metro. Area News Sect. C Editorials, Books Sect. D Amusements Sect. E Classified Sect. F Sports Sect. G, H ..Society, Home Also Sunday, Tho Star Magazine, This Week Magazine, TV Magazine and Comic Section. Index of Subjects Amusements D.... 1-3 Art ..D 6 Books C 5 Bridge D 5 Business, Finance ...D...8-11 Camera D 5 Citizens' Meetings F 8 Classified .1 E...1-21 Crossword Puzzle D 5 -Editorials C 2 Editorial Features C-.--1-4 Etiquette G.v 4 Garden B 5 Hobbies D. 5 Leisure Sports F 4 Lost, Found x—A 3 Music —J...D 4 Obituaries ..C....6-8 PTA Events Calendar F......1 Radio ..D. 7 Records D 4 Schools D 6 Science Calendar F 8 Sports ...F—..l-7 Stamps, Coins ....D 5 TEEN ..D After 6 Television Listings .. TV Magazine Travel B. 6-7 Week in Perspective C 1 Kennedy Picks Stahr As Secretary of Army Party Leaders Here Io Have Patronage Say Kennedy to Hear D. C. Democrats* Advice on Posts By GRACE BASSETT ■tar *tsS Writer President-elect Kennedy Is prepared to follow all recom mendations of District Demo cratic Party leaders for ap pointments to municipal 'and court posts in the Nation’s Capital. At stake are at least 12 Jobs for Washington policymakers and Judges with an average salary of more than 118,000 annually. No doubt more va cancies will lead to further ap pointments by the new Presi dent before he leaves office. Mr. Kennedy has agreed to disregard pressures for out-of city appointees to the Federal bench here should the Demo cratic Central Committee sup port local candidates. Bobby Agrees This arrangement rests on the tacit agreement of Robert Kennedy, Attorney General designate. The brother of the President-elect will recommend names of Federal law enforce ment officers and Judges to the White House, as have pre vious chiefs of the Justice De partment. But he reportedly sympathizes with the Presi dent-elect’s determination to respect th* District party or ganization. So, the Justice Department proposals can be expected to be in line with the wishes of local Democrats, too. Among choice positions Pres ident-elect Kennedy is almost sure to fill this year are: Three Municipal Court Judge ships now held by Mary Barlow and Andrew Howard, whose terms have expired, and Joseph M. Ryan, Jr., a recess appointee. Salaries are $17,500 each. The chief judegship of the Municipal Court of Appeals, vacant since the death of Judge Leo Rover, salary 819,000. $22,504 Judgeship The District Court judgeship vacant since the death of Judge James W. Morris with a salary of $22,500. United States Attorney and United States Marshal incum bents Oliver Gasch and Dudley Skinker, technically may con tinue, but traditionally these officers offer to resign with changing administrations. Sal aries are about $20,000 for the attorney and from $13,730 to $15,000 for the marshal Two District Commissioners, salaried at $19,000 each are on the list. Robert E. McLaughlin intends to serve out his term ending in May, and Mark Sul livan, Jr., has said he will resign when his successor is named. There are two Public Utilities Commissioners, who may or may not resign, but will if they follow the unspoken political See PATRONAGE, Page A-6 Today’s Star INAUGURAL FEATURES high light todoy'z Star. Frezident-elect Kennedy reveali hit plans for action against 10 problems he feels tho United States must lick in tho '6os in on exclusive interview on Fage 6 of This Week Magazine, which also features a color portrait of the Kennedy family on its cover. SUNDAY, The Star Magazine, con tains three more unusual features on the Kennedy!. Nat Youngblood sketches Mr. Kennedy in the crisis of becoming a new father in "The Night John F. Kennedy, jr.. Was Born" on Fage 1, 2 and 6 of the magazine. The Inauguration itself will be not just one event but 62 of them. The what, when and where of each event is listed in The Star's Inaugural Calendar—l96l, on Fage H-1. ALABAMA AND FLORIDA seceded from the Union a century ago and The Star reported the ominous pattern of secession to its readers then. Tho accounts appear again, with a description of Wash ington in January, 1861, on Fage 12 of SUNDAY, The Star Magazine. MAJOR HOT-SFOT in tho new administration will be occupied by Robert McNamara, Defense Secre tary-designate. For the seventh in stallment in Tho Star's series of profiles on members of tho Kennedy cabinet Me Fage C-3. WHAT'S NEW IN BOATING for 1961? Charles Covell, outdoor editor of The Star, tells about tho many "firsts" in the 51st National Motor Boat Show in two pages of stories end pictures on Fagos F-4 and F-5. New Estimates Indicate Missile Gap Is No More Last Year's Predictions Unjustified, But Soviet Lead May Yet Materialize By RICHARD FRYKLUND ■tar BtaS Writer New national intelligence estimates of Soviet missile pro duction indicates the "missile gap” may have disappeared. The controversial gap may yet come, but intelligence officers say they cannot find enough evidence of Russian ICBM production to say confidently whether the 50-100 combat-ready Soviet missiles predicted a year ago for this time were built. Military Intelligence circles have been arguing for several weeks over a new national in telligence estimate of future Soviet missile strength. Con gress always asks for such esti mates to support the military budget. The difficult fact this year, however, is that there simply is not enough evidence of So viet accomplishments to make a firm prediction either that there will be a missile gap or that last year’s worries were unfounded. Some officers say the United States must assume the enemy is building the missiles it is capable of producing and act to defend itself accordingly. Others say it is more reason able to assume the Russians did not and will not build the missiles predicted a year ago, and that our own missile plans should be adjusted sharply downward. President Eisenhower, in the Arts, Science Leaders Invited by Kennedys President-elect Kennedy, in a move certain to be applauded by intellectuals throughout the country, last night invited 155 leading men and women in the arts, sciences and humanities to attend his Inauguration. Among those Mr. Kennedy Invited were Ernest Heming way, William Faulkner, Robert Othtr Inaugural Storios on Fogo 8-1 Frost, Carl Sandburg, John Steinbeck, Tennessee Williams and Thornton Wilder. Mr. Kennedy, in a telegram to each person, said: "During our forthcoming ad ministration we hope to seek a productive relationship with our writers, artists, composers, philosophers, scientists and heads of cultural institutions. “As a beginning, in recog nition of their importance, may we extend to you our most cor dial Invitation to attend the inaugural ceremonies in Wash ington on January 19 and 20.” Cummings Invited The telegram was also signed by Mrs. Kennedy. Poets invited included Archi bald MacLeish, E. E. Cum mings, Marianne Moore, Con rad Aiken and W. H. Auden. It was understood that the invitation includes hotel ac commodations. In the field of drama, Arthur Miller and William Inge also received invitations. Jacques Barzun, Edmund Wilson, John Hersey and Walter Lippmann were invited in the field of gen eral literature. Among the artists, composers and conductors who were asked to attend were Edward Hopper, Paul Hindemith, Igor Stravin sky, Leonard Bernstein, Fritz Movers Will Be Busy During Inaugural Rites By CECIL HOLLAND ■tar Staff Writer When President Eisenhower walks through the White House doors nxet Friday for his ride to the Capitol with President - elect Kennedy, he will be leaving for good his home of eight years. A little more than two hours later the new President and his wife Jacqueline will walk through the same doors as the new tenants of 1600 Pennsylvania avenue. While the inauguration cere monies are going on at the Capitol, all the Eisenhower be longings will be removed. If the "big switch” goes off with its traditional efficiency, no trace of their tenancy will be left behind in the way of per sonal effects. Eight years ago Harry S. Truman and Mrs. Truman went from the inauguration of President Eisenhower to the Georgetown home of Dean Acheson for a farewell lunch- Hom* D*liv*r*d: 20 CENTS Daily and Sunday, par month, $225 i i first public tlpoff of the new intelligence dilemma, tenta i tively took the side of The "no I missile gap” faction, but he , did not draw the conclusion i that our missile plans should , be changed. The Eisenhower comment was in one sentence of Thurs day's state-of-the-Union mes sage. "The ‘bomber gap* of several years ago was always a fiction, and the ‘missile gap* shows every sign of being the same," he told Congress. There was no elaboration. The only conclusion he drew was that **we must not return to the ‘crash-program* psy chology of the past when each new feint by the Communists was responded to in panic.” Neither the White House nor Pentagon has had any com ment on the remark since. Over the past two years, however, the "missile gap”— the difference between the number of combat missiles Russia and the United States has—has been the center of a See MISSILE, Page A-6 Reiner, Eugene Ormandy a: Id Charles Munch. From the humanities, the list included Ralph Bunche, Judge Learned Hand, Dean Roscoe Pound and George Kennan. D. C. Group Invited ' In addition, directors of Washington cultural institu tions were Invited. These in cluded L. Quincy Mumford, Leonard Carmichael, Hermann W. Williams, jr.. Duncan Phil lips. Harold Spivacke, Howard Mitchell, Archibald G. Wenley, Huntington Calms, John Walk er, John 8. Thatcher. Also, Caryl-P. Haskins, Louis B. Wright, Richard Bales, Rob ert Richman, Zelda Fichandler, Richard Eberhart, Gerson Nordlinger, Jr., Paul Callaway and L. Corrin Strong. The Invitation list was chosen by a special committee work ing with the President-elect’s office. Those invited were chosen as representing “the most creative, eminent and world-renowned in their fields." Korea Sending Cards To Allied Veterans SEOUL. Korea, Jan. 14 (AP). —Special friendship cards will be sent to 300,000 allied soldiers who served here in the Korean war. The International Cul ture and Friendship Associa tion and the Korean Commu nications Ministry are working up a list of veterans’ addresses in 16 nations, including the United States. They plan to send the cards as a good will gesture. eon. Later in the afternoon they took a train to their In dependence (Mo.) home. In similar fashion, the Pres ident and Mrs. Eisenhower will attend a luncheon at the F Street Club given by Lewis L. Strauss, who has been one of the retiring President's top ad visers. Vice President and Mrs. Nixon and retiring cabinet of ficers also will attend. Afterwards Mr. and Mrs. Eisenhower will go to their Gettysburg home. A bit of hunting 1q Georgia and a holi day at Palm Springs, Calif., will help ease Mr. Eisenhower’s transition from public to pri vate life. The President-elect and Mrs. Kennedy will have only a few minutes in their new home Friday afternoon before they move to the reviewing stand in front for the inaugural parade. They will dine out that evening and visit the round of inau gural balls and then return to See SWITCH, Page A-6 ETHEL MERMAN SINGS GERSHWIN See TV Magazine University j President ' Gets Post By GARNETT D. HORNER ■tar atari Writar PALM BEACH, Fla., Jan. 14; —President-elect Kennedy to day completed his Pentagon civilian high command by: choosing Elvis J. Stahr, Jr., 1 president of West Virginia Uni versity, to be Secretary of th» Army. An Army combat officer in World War n, Mr. Stahr, whs Fursonality Skatch of Army Secretary-: detignate. Faga A-w Is 44, served during the Ko rean conflict as a special as sistant to the then Secretary of the Army, Frank Pace. Ai one-time Rhodes scholar, h« is a former dean of the Uni-4, versity of Kentucky law school and a former vice chancellor! of the University of The appointment was an 4 nounced after the Presidents elect conferred with Vice PresS ident-elect Johnson on action planned early in the new adJ ministration to step up Amer ica’s space program. Mr. Johnson also reported to? the President-elect on a brief-' ing he got from officials a8 the missile test center at Cape Canaveral, Fla., this morning) on what appeared to be a new- Soviet missile shot or space probe over the Pacific. Names Burkhardt, Too Mr. Kennedy moved forward at the same time toward com pleting the lineup for second and third level positions in his administration that will come into power next Friday noon. He announced these other appointments during the day and evening: Robert J. Burkhardt, Jr., 44, former executive secretary to New Jersey Gov. Robert B. Meyner and executive director of the Voters Registration Committee during the Ken nedy-Johnson election, cgm-l paign, to be Assistant Post master General for facilities. George Docking, 46, Demo cratic Governor of Kansas for the last fdur years, who waa defeated for re-election last. November, to be a director of' the Export-Import Bank. , Herschel Loveless, 49, an-f other Democrat who lost his race for re-election as Gover nor of lowa, as a member of the Renegotiation Board, charged with preventing excess! profits on defense contracts. The President-elect was ln« formed in advance of President! Eisenhower’s order today tarJ ring Americans from holding any gold abroad. Pierre Salinger, his press secJ See KENNEDY, Page Soviet Rocket 'Mystery' Is Unsolved Sr the Aaeocltted Preu , Russia's mystery rocket in. the Pacific—if it is that—is still a mystery as far as th* United States is concerned. Here’s the story so far: Friday night an Air Force radar station at Shemya Island, Alaska, reported detecting a missile-like object streaking out of Russia southeastwam over the Pacific Ocean. The station said it couldn’t tell whether it was a long range missile or an attempt at some Soviet space feat. Hours later the Pentagon said there had been no further reports. Viktor Bazikln, director of the Moscow planetarium, snorted that the whole thing was "pure Invention.” At Palm Beach, Fla., Presi dent-elect Kennedy got a briefing on it yesterday from Vice President-elect Johnson, who in turn had been briefed by officials during a tour of Cape Canaveral earlier in th* day. Press Secretary Pierre Sal inger had no details and gave the impression he hadn’t been filled in himself. At Fort Monmouth, N. J., a spokesman for the Astro Ob servation Center said. “If there is something up there, it can’t be transmitting or else some one would have heard it by now.” That seemed to rule out a new satellite, since experi mental space vehicles usually send back radio signals. One indication that the Rus sians might be testing a long range missile in the Pacific, as they have done before, was that three Russian observation ships were sighted earlier last week heading for the usual Soviet target area. But they would not have reached the target area by Friday night.