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Travel ** ►— •- 1 ——' l I BRICES CROSSROADS BATTLEFIELD ’ ■> „ » • '.A. 'iVi* tr- t X - :X **■ \‘4 (yi \\ A\ ’ / A Z- ' W JNION DISASTER I s / I feytet, AT lIIDGE yr I \ lf/£'-O<l CAHN I X's I X X vix f CHURCH’I // -Xyv\ A o \ ■y' ciossioapsT" \/\ I I a- VsJ II //W ' ~ Il / 11111 l union um p* = CONHOHATI UM • “““ *° AOS 7j I UNION MOVtUtNTi 7f \ O COMING, sovsncf Zr t ' x * u IN ,I,T Nathan Bedford Forrest’s great tactical victory at Brices Crossroads is | still a subject of study by the modem Army. This shows how the battle went.—Star Staff Map by Newman Sudduth. THE SITES OF WAR-16 The Long Line Is Saved One of the smallest of the ; federal areas marking a Civil War battlefield site is that at Brices Cross Roads. You have to look sharply as pu drive along Mississippi State Route 207 west from * Baldwin, or you may miss it. < The 1-acre National Battle* < field Site is a masterpiece of 1 jymmetrical simplicity. In the center of the wire- < fenced inclosure is a white I stone monument, flanked by a 1 aair of Civil War cannon. Tab- ] ets and maps describe the i homentous events of June 10, ] 1864. < There is that, and the flag pole, and little else. < But the iron gate, with its ] iquare brick posts, is always j >pen. And from the small in- , ilcsure there is a magnificent < dew of the battlefield. ( It was at Brices Cross Roads . hat “that devil Forrest”—the Confederacy’s Brig. Gen. Na-; han Bedford Forrest—put to ■out a Union force nearly three lines his own strength. Keeping Him Busy Although it was an ignomin- ’ ms defeat for the Union, it ’ vas one event in a strategy 1 lesigned to keep Forrest occu- 1 >ied in Mississippi, and thus 1 irotect Sherman's long line of 1 supply during hiamarch to the 1 «a. ' Sherman, under orders to de stroy the Southern Army of 1 3en. Joseph E. Johnston, had * mough on his hands without 1 vorrying about the deft cavalty I >f Forrest harassing his supply ‘ rains. So it was that a large force ’ inder Union Gen. 8. D. 1 Iturgis marched out of Mem- I ohis with orders to detain I .Forrest in Mississippi “with as 1 much of the enemy as you can < r 1 Europe Auto Travel Soars Nearly 275,000 Americans will spend at least part of the 1961 vacations in Europe trav eling by car, the American Automobile Association esti mates. As of November 25, the AAA had issued 115,500 International driver permits, and expected the final figures for 1960 to total 125.000. This is a 25 per cent increase over the 1959 permit totals. The AAA said this has cotne about because of the remaining problem of finding adequate hotel space in major cities dur ing the “high” season. Because of the big jet planes, finding trans-Atlantic space in 1960 was not the problem it had been in previous years. But Americans found it difficult to make all their hotel reserva tions until long after their transportation arrangements had been made. The European hotel industry, to escape rising costs around metropolitan areas, the AAA says, is turning more to out lying areas. They are being helped by European govern ments through road-building programs and promotion slanted to travel in "off-beat” sections. Frankfort Plans 500-Room Hotel A new 500-room hotel in the West German financial center of Frankfurt will be built by Intercontinental Hotels Corp oration. The $lO million hostelry is scheduled for completion in the summer of 1963. It will be owned by a German corpora tion and operated by IHC. The hotel will face the Main River between Untedmainkal and Gueleutstrasse, two blocks from the main railroad station in the center of the city. THE SUNDAY STAR Wothiagtoe, P. C„ Jenuery 15, 1961 To help the Washington area traveler in hit visits to historic sites daring the Civil War Centennial, The Star it presenting in its travel pages this series describing those sites. This is the 16th. over there, until we strike Johnston. This is quite as im portant as to whip him.” Forrest apparently had ex cellent intelligence reports on Sturgis’ route from the time the Union commander left Memphis, for—six days in ad vance—he picked Brices Cross Roads as the place to en counter the enemy. The Southern cavalry leader set up his forces in a crescent looking toward Brices Cross Reads. During the night of June 9 his scouts brought word that the Federal troops had encamped at Stubbs Farm, 10 miles west of the crossroads. Annies March In the early morning of June 10, both armies set out toward one another. The first clash occurred a short distance east of Brices Cross Roads, and here For rest brought into play his motto of “getting there first with the most.” His men reached the area far in ad vance of the main body of Union troops. Forrest’s dismounted cavalry units were also moving in to attack at several other points north and south in a modified pincers maneuver designed to cut the Federal Army into two. By the middle of the after noon, with his troops forced back to the crossroads, Sturgis gave the order to withdraw. A great many of his men—the force totaled 8,100 as opposed to the Confederacy's 3,500 had not yet made it across Tishomingo Creek, and the fighting at the crossroads had become hand to hand. The withdrawal turned into a panicky rout when a wagon American Express invites you to . o© S&K . SAFARI Moore-McCormack’s S. S. Brasil departs New York, March 10, for 62 magnificent days, 5 sea.s, South America, Africa, the Mediterranean! If you're longing to get away from it all, do it in the grand manner! The S. S. Brasil is an air-conditioned, luxury hotel afloat ... and its course is set for 62 leisurely days with 18 ports of cSII. Ports such as Rio, Buenos Aires, Durban, Zanzi bar, Alexandria, Naples, and many more! At each stop, world famous American Express shore tours will give you every last drop of local color, excitement and adventure! Then back to the linerwith its incomparable accommodations,and food that rivals the very best in all the world! Because prices start at a low $2,185, this king of cruises fills rapidly. To secure the accom modations of your choice, now is the time to visit, write or call: American Express r 4 Travel Service lx WCREss 1 -I WASHINGTON, D. C. 622 14th Street N.W. STerling 3-0130 • overturned on the Tishomingo • Creek Bridge, blocking the re i moval of heavy equipment. During the day-long strug -1 gle, the Union forces lost 223 1 killed, 394 wounded and 1,623 missing. Confederate losses were 96 killed and 396 wounded. Most of the missing turned; up as prisoners of war. Forrest captured 1,500 men, 48 cannon, I and Sturgis' supply train. The Union's rout at Brices Cross Roads brought about what is perhaps the highest price in history to be put on a: man’s head—the Treasury of the United States. Sherman, Impressed by the brilliance of Forrest’s maneu vers in the battle, ordered his Memphis commander to “make up a force and go out to follow Forrest to the death, if it costs 10,000 lives and breaks the Treasury.” The National Battlefield Site commemorating the struggle has no park personnel in at tendance, but further informa tion about the site and the battle is available from the superintendent. Natchez Trace Parkway, Tupelo, Miss.—J. J. NEXT: Kennesaw Moun tain. MIAMI BEACH, FLA. FmIAMI BUCH'S WStf LUXURY >• MSMT MOTH *p" ,w *w na nunuso at . **?**,■ I Tecaam • comtutily AIX-CCNMTIOXXD _ • / \ SULTS A STUM ZOOMS "™* / \ rtAxxn tsmTAixMiNT \ s swimming reais • macs "ggy Inu cnu.ont.vi covxsatos UMI 1 SeevlM. tetwtelvMet OIWt (JJW V•%. 1 I P* ul Oova Wilson Trio / *B°° \ WriU / l Comoioto Iniormetion / (Mr Hr 1 . / H»M I *)Mr / aXrr \ 71 ’ / . \ KIAS •« ITOIS ST. i 1/ »ttCZ. FLA. ALL AT SEA Caribbean Dates Set By Victoria The M. 8. Vistoria, world’s newest luxury liner designed from keel to mast for luxury cruising, will make two sailings from Boston this spring, Carib bean Cruise Lines, Inc., of Washington, has announced. An eight-day voyage to. Ber muda, Nassau and back to Bos ton on April 14 has been sched uled. Victoria will immediately re-embark on a five-day trip to Bermuda on April 22. Designed so all cabins are outside staterpoms with private bath, the 20,000-ton vessel car ries 600 passengers, but no cargo. •* • • American Export Lines is ac cepting one-way bookings to or from 14 ports on the March 11 Springtime Cruise of the Con stitution to the Mediterranean. These are: Canary Islands, Gi braltar, Palermo, Istanbul, Pi raeus, Alexandria, Beirut, Haifa, Naples, Cannes, Genoa, Barcelona, Palma and Lisbon. •* • • Grace Line has sold the 17,- 000-ton Santa Rosa to a Greek steamship company. The vessel has been laid up in Hoboken, N. J., since entry of her namesake into service in 1958. One of the first passenger liners converted to troop car rying, she ferried over 100,000 passengers and took part in the landings in North Africa. Sicily and the invasion of Southern France. *• • • The time-saving car-ferry service inaugurated between Italy and Greece last year will be renewed for the coming tourist season beginning (March 15. The ferries sail between Brindisi, on the heel of Italy, to the Greek ports of Corfu, Igoumenitsa and Patras. (EUROPE ’6l STARTS AT $777* N. V. M N. Y. *Wondertourt*...s777 up... 35-41 days, 156 departures. Personally escorted; includes everything. Paris, London, 1 the Riviera, and more! j European Gcand Tour, from I 32395. 53 days, 9 countries. For FvH-rolor too your Travel Agent er THOS. COOK & SON 112 Fifteenth Si. N.W. Washington, D. C. FEpub’ic 7-8555 | THOS. COOK A SON I Gentlemen: Please send me J I free European brochures: | Wondertours I European Grand Tour I Name | I Address I • I | City State ___ | » B H M fl SAILINGS iol' W A message of hope for all who are over-doing it (and those who aren't, too) Do you tear around too much? (Or too little?) Have you missed a train lately, spilled coffee on the rug, lost a laundry ticket? If so (or, if not), come away to Europe. Be happy, relax, renew yourself, live it up on Italian Line. On our gallant ships, we have just what you need to make life sparkle. Outdoor swimming pools, spacious play areas, elegant bars and dining rooms, luxurious staterooms, parties, delightful entertainment-everything except tension, ap pointments to keep, things to worry about. (Leave your money worries at home, too.) We have a cuisine and a tradition of service you’re liable to write home about. We also have smashing ports you’d like to see-in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Yugoslavia and Greece. So, put the aspirin back in the medicine cabinet; see your Travel Agent, and join us for splendor soon. (By the way, you’re smoking too much.) . Italian 919 Fifteenth St. N.W., Washington 5, D. C. Tol.i Metropolitan 1-1355 LEONARDO DA VINCI • CRIBTOFORO COLOMBO • AUGUSTUS • VULCANIA • SATURN IA Japan Caters To Traveler Japan has a couple of new "gimmicks’’ designed to lure the tired and thirsty traveler. One consists of rotating mountaintop observation tow ers. You don’t even have to walk around the towers to get view. The tower just re volves slowly, so you can relax r AMERICAN H U EXPRESS d Get the facts aboutls2 new escorted European tours in American Express’ booklet, “Tours of Europe—l96l.” It's freel Prices start at $776.60 for 16 days (from New York). Visit, call or write ... AMERICAN EXPRKSS TRAVEL SERVICE WASHINGTON, D. C. 622 14th Street N.W. STerling 3-0130 QUEBEC, CANADA RW FUM Cm ts Li Primes ft Qiftec Bring the whole family along. You'll enjoy every moment of t r-’t TOUt Tac, **°" ■” La Province de y '-' -.a Qudbec. Dependable anow coodt* >S'i] riotu, bright clear aunahiae, dry fc ’ healthy atmoaphere. Ski alopea for ' * * 11 ' wel| - m,rlted And j, ' you will be welcomed with truly Zsk French-Canadian hospitality and -m. delicious cuisine in comfortable modern inns and hotels. Fw mi boefi.r i.nd >■ eevpo. or odp'y to Proixncal 49 iocUUll»f riot*. Now Yo/k 20, NT. ; laomwincioi iOr T Quebec rBB Ml MB ■■ MBOM ■■■■■■ MB M ■■■■■■ MM ■■ Provincial Tourist Bureau | 710 Grande-Allan East, Dept. 34L, I g Quebec City, Canada g I Pleasa sand ma FREE booklets to halp plan my winter vacation in la Provinca do Quebec. £ N My main interest i 5.... g Nome g| g - g City.. ...3tute»................. W..W.M..M Ib RM MB BM BM MM BM ■■ MB AM ■■ MM MB ■■ Mi 888 MM Bsl In one spot but get different perspectives. Most of the new buildings have both enclosed and open areas. In many cases, they are linked with lower slopes by aerial cable can. One of the most spectacular of these merry go-round observatories is at Hakone, and commands a fine view of Fuji, Japan’s sacred mountain. . The other gimmick is canned highballs. The Japanese Tourist As sociation reports that these are sold at liquor shops and gro ceries. Each can contains a shot of blended whiskey plus It's fun all the way on a GREYHOUND TOUR X MARDI GRAS C1 2,6 00 * * ® onn *l Trip Scenicrniier Service tranepor- * tation. Sight-teeing en route. includet • Firtt date hotel in New Orleana all thia « Four nights and three daya in glorious New Orleans, with special eight-seeing! • Gay banquet... exclusive Krewe of Alpheua Masked Ball! • Doubts bedroom rate, per person, plus tax. Twin and staple room rates iliohtlr higher. All ezaenee lecortet Tear to Marti Grat alto available. It’a ouch a comfort to toko the but...and leave the driving to uel GREYHOUND’ 1110 New York Ave. N.W. ME. 8-1512 WILLIAMSBURG, VA, ■ y irgimcti IN WILLIAMSBURG The Colonial Weekend January 6th-Stk •ffft February 3rd-sth February 17tk-19th 7 \''7 , L Williamsburg Homes Weekend January llth-lSth January 27tk-29th Hobby-Craft Weekend m/7/ January JOth-JJnd February 10th-12th February 24tk-26tb Three special interest weekends for you lO ’elect from ... on each of them you ’' fl/w , *’ in k’ you’ v c never done before . . . visit homes which are seldom open i< for exhibition ... work with craftsmen at their benches . . . feast at the Groaning Board ... try your luck at Loo and Put K V ** * an< * n, ’°y entertainment in the colo- n ’ , ‘ manner - Im Select the type of weekend program ' EM you prefer and for full details write to ■bV '/'//// ,he Reservation Office— Williamsburg SNR Z'V/I nn 4 <K * Ke ’ Williamsburg, Va. ///// *"■ eM Of.-FEderal S~Sf29 \ I v/// Sfecial Weekend Rates \ \ '/////uh. \W/A 1K^v^’‘in^o^tn i s i toWrs^an( i uets Williamsburg Inn SJO per person - Williamsburg Lodge $25 xt per KMi h oum jjj person I OJMBD SUNSHINE CHUISEs I I Wr/OP ll ™ I I I 1/ y CHOICE SPACE\\I W / STILL AVAILABLE! N I / FEB - 4 NK Hjf IS daya-11 ports-scoo up-N.Y. xfl to St. Thomas, Martinique, Barba- gn dos. Grensda, La Gualra, Curacao, Cristobal, Montego Bay, Kingston, fl Port-au-Princs, Nassau. FEB. 25 • 17 daya - 10 ports - $465 up - N.Y. to fl St. Thomas, Martinique, Barbados, Grenada, La Gualra, Curacao, Cristobal, Kingston, Port-au-Prince, Nassau. Ik MARCH 18 •15 days • • porta • $415 up • N.Y. to MB St. Thomas. Martinique, Barbados, Granada, La Gualra, Curacao, Montego Bay, Kingston, Port-au-Princa. fl 4 * 12 d *Y* * 6 porta • $3OO up •N.Y. to flfl MB St. Thomas, Martinique, Barbados, Grenada, Curacao, olSwals Port-au-Prince. Isjsgjs Hsfc 1® * 12 d,y * * 8 Porte • $3OO up • N.Y. to 0| St. Thomas, Martinique, Barbados, Grenada, Curacao, Jm&ksS! ■ Port-au-Prince. Exciting shore excursions fl AIR CONDITIONED 35.600-TON HB MAURETANIA ■ Your crulte ticket Includea: Profetslonal night dub entertain, j gjfl want and dance orchestra-Swimming, deck sameß-Pre-relßase movies • Renowned Cunard service, gourmet food - Shopping I J|fl Ulka-Lxperlencedcrulsastaff-Yourshlplsyourhotelthroughout a SEE YOUR TRAVEL AGENT cruise CUNARD " N ® frM ? e . rn “ ,nt CUNARD LINE, 914 15th St. N.W., Tel: REpublic 7-7740/ 4 • ■ sod* water. If you have can i opener, glass and ice handy, i you just open and pour.