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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 15, 1961, Image 3

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' A group of 220 anti-Castro Cubans parades
I along H street N.W. near Jackson place nearing
American and Cuban flags to express its thanks
Cuba Grows Skeptical
About Invasion Threat
By RICHARD V ALERT ANI
Associated Press Staff Writer
HAVANA, Jan. 14. Cuba’s Islands-wide Invasion alert
went into its third week today with public enthusiasm visibly
dwindling and a dash of skepticism in even the highest circles.
Prime Minister Fidel Castro extended the alert another
two days—to January 20—in a television address last night.
But even Mr. Castro switched his major attention from inva-
sion warnings to a careful sug
gestion of a reconciliation with
Washington after John F. Ken
nedy is inaugurated as presi
dent on the day the invasion
alert expires.
Mr. Castro had been expected
to claim that Cuba’s new mili
tary might had frightened off
the Invaders he predicted were •
ooming before President Eisen
hower leaves office. But he did
not make this boast, as he has
In past invasion scares.
The bearded prime minister
hinted he might use Guanta
namo naval base, from which:
he has promised to oust the’
United States by legal means,
M a lever to bargain for better
illations with the United States
aider a new administration.
* Guantanamo Remains
’•‘We have no points of fric
lon with the incoming govern
ment,” Mr. Castro declared,
■since all industries, all mines
md all banks are ours (na- ,
tonalized). 1
.“The only problem is Guan- 1
anamo and we are in no hurry ‘
(bout that base. It’s their head
tthe. because after breaking ;
Nations (with Cuba) the posi
fcn of the United States beforfe '
rorld opinion is untenable as
Ogards the base.” _» i
’About 30,000 persons tamed'
At to hear Mr. Castro at the
Victory rally.” This was a small
gowd, considering the week
pent by the government frying
o whip up enthusiasm for the
bass meeting in front or the
residential palace.
'Two questions now are heard
sore and more frequently
round Havana:
;Do Fidel Castro and hia col
iagues really believe an tnva
ton is coming and did they ever
ttleve it?
;if not, why the huge military
mildup?
skepticism got a
cost last week end when Er
testo Guevara, leftwing presi
tent of the National Bank,
eiticized the general hysteria
hat resulted in shooting shad
ers in the night. (Cuban anti-
r craft gunners shot down one
their own planes during the
avasion alert.)
lln a television appearance,
4aj. Guevara said: “In my
pinion, the newspaper head-
Ines are a little exaggerated.”
The 'country’s economic chief
lid not rule out the possibility
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Second Class Postasa Paid
> of a landing by so-called mer
' cenaries, but he warned that
■ “the euphoria of war” must not
i interfere with production.
Some Cubans took Maj. Gue
-1 vara's words as practically a
? public admission that the gov
; emment is chasing phantoms.
! They wondered openly whether
’ Maj. Guevara’s speech would
J lead to a conflict with the thin
-1 skinned prime minister, who
a week before had put his
' stamp of approval on charges
' in the press that an invasion
‘iled by United States Marines
! !was imminent.
Secret Reports Credited
> However, well - informed
sources say much of the gov
ernment’s chatter about an in
vasion is based on secret re
ports from agents of the Castro
' intelligence service throughout
■ the western hemisphere.
Although no secret has been
made of the counter-revolution
ary preparations in Florida, an
, air of mystery has shrouded
military activities in Guate
. mala. This has evoked re
pealed charges by the Cuban
, press and government that an
. ti-Castro personnel are being
'(trained there for an invasion
[lot Cuba. The Guatemalan gov
ernment insists they are being
i trained only for defense.
: Persons once flosei to Mr,.
[ Castro say hd is sinceray eon-
> vinced that the United States
>will take military action
against his revolution. Felipe
[ Pazos, former head of Cuban
f National Bank who broke with
Mr. Castro last year, said dur
ing a private conversation in
‘ Puerto Rico recently that Mr.
’ Castro has believed since Oc
r tober 1959 that United States
Marines woul4 invade Cuba.
r j The government - controlled
press recently has subtly
changed its line on the nature
of the threat it sees from the
United States. Instead of pre
' dieting wholesale intervention,
. it shifted back to the old line
that the United States would
, provoke an incident in Cuba
? and then use it as a pretext to
' intervene with trbops.
Skeptics point out that the
’ huge concentration of flre
power January 2 in the civic
, plaza at anniversary celebra
f tions of the Castro revolution
f was a curious way to prepare
to repel an invasion. They re-
■ gard the display of guns point
ing out from Havana’s Male-
; con seafront drive—the most
Those who believe the inva
-1 sion scare was Invented by the
i government point out that it
• served as a means to whip up
B [enthusiasm for the anniversary
- celebration as well as to pre
pare the groundwork for Mr.
- Castro’s move restricting the
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.AityTrff
to President Eisenhower for allocating financial
aid to Cuban refugees in the United States.
—Star Staff Photo.
United States Embassy. Ulis
move eventually led President
Elsenhower to break relations
with Cuba.
Many predict the mass mo
bilization will eventually be
turned inward in a huge
crackdown on Mr. Castro’s
growing opposition. They point
out that internal liberties can
be suppressed more easily in
the face of an external threat.
Skeptics also maintain that
the invasion scare adds strongly
to the picture Castro has
painted of the Soviet Union as
the savior of an island sup
posedly threatened by aggres
sors in the United States. Fear
of communism in Cuba has
been the greatest cause of de
fections from Castro’s ranks,
and he needs to disguise the
dangers of the embrace of the
Russian bear.
It was in the midst of the
invasion alert that Maj. Gue
vara said the Soviet bloc is
aiding Cuba for “political" and
not economic reasons—an ad
mission that Cuba now is rid
ing on f.he Soviet Union’s in
ternational coattails.
Silent Piano Gincert
Leaves Audience Silent
LONDON, Jan. 14 (AP).—A
Hungarian pianist gave a con
cert tonight on a piano which
didn’t make any noise. The au
dience in stately Wigmore Hall
received his efforts with silence
nearly as profound.
The senowned acoustics of
the old hall were equal to the
occasion. There yere no echoes
or overtones only a few
coughs.
Tomas Blod, who says he
lives in Venice, Italy, gave Lon
don its first major presentation
of the dolce piano, meaning a
piano which doesn’t make a
sound. He had to use a bor
rowed piano. His own instru
ment, he said, had been nfis
placed by British railways be
tween Folkestone and London.
British railways couldn’t figure
out how its employes eould lose
a concert piano on such a short
stretch of track. Wigmore Han
provided a piano with the ham
mers tied flown.
Mr. Blod also said he was
pretty mad at the railroad for
losing his out-sized boxing
gloves. He uses those, he said,
to warm and protect his hands
in bed.
Mr. Blod was presented, by
a patron and some British ad
mirers, as “the surrealist of
music,” a sort of a Salvador
Dali of rhythm. He explained
that the idea was to watch
him, and to feel. A pretty girl
turned the sheets of music
when he got to the bottom of
a page.
He played with vigorous
gestures, his head bobbing
cadences, and sympathetic
"listeners” said they got the
feel that something was being
communicated to them. They
did not always agree as to
whether it was Mozart or Bach.
For one piece Mr. Blod was
assisted by violincello and oboe
tion of quietude.
Cubans Checked
On Smallpox
By Uw Axxociktxd Preu
Evidence of smallpox vacci
nation now will be required of
all persons arriving in this
country from Cuba, the Public
Health Service announced. -
Surgeon General Leroy Bur
ney said the action is neces
sary because the health service
no longer has direct access to
health information in Cuba.
The United States recently
broke off diplomatic relations
with that country.
Cuba, like a number of other
countries, has been exempt
from some United States quar
antine requirements for many
years, but Dr. Burney said such
exemptions can be maintained
only when there is close liai
son between the Public Health
Service and the health agency
of the exempted area.
Dr. Burnley said smallpox is
not known to exist in Cuba at
present.
’ players, neither making a sound.
Mr. Blod had trouble ex
plaining his art to the press.
But he passed out some re
cordings, a splendid presenta-
The audience varied between
63 and 92. Admission was two
shillings sixpence (35 cents).
in. Venice, Italy, there
wM some surprise that Mr.
Blod had been asked to give a
London recital. A leading Vei»-
tian music authority said fre
had never heard of Mr. Blod.-
Fish Watch Stars,
OTTAWA, Jan. 14 (AP).—
Migrating sockeye salmon may
navigate by the stars. A re
port to Canada's Fisheries Re
search Board from its station
i at Nanaimo, B. C., said the
i fish follow definite ways in
I clear weather but travel in
random directions under arti
ficial covering or overcast
, skies.
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220 Anti-Red Cubans
Thank U. S. for Aid
A group of 220 anti-Castro
Cubans, mostly from Hew York,
denfohstrated here yesterday
and expressed thanks to Presi
dent Elsenhower for allocating
81 million to aid Cuban refu
gees in the United States.
A delegation of 14 was ad
mitted to the White House to
present a letter directed to Mr.
Eisenhower. It waa received by
Robert Merriam, presidential
assistant.
While the delegation was at
the White House, the rest of
the group, carrying various
signs, paraded along H street
near Jackson place N.W.
The letter directed to Mr.
Eisenhower declared that in
addition to the material help
Cuban refugees have been
granted, the anti-Castro forces
have been encouraged because
the Castro regime has been
branded “by its proper name a
Communist regime.” The let
ter said, “No American will be
confused now by these fellow
travelers—Communists at
heart.”
Want Understanding
"Material help, though, is
not all that we would like of
you,” the letter said. “We are
in need of your spiritual sup
port and of a clear understand
ing and real comprehension by
the American people of the ac
tual problem of Cuba.”
The letter also congratulated
Mr. Eisenhower on breaking
relations with Cuba.
After leaving the vicinity of
the White House, the group
marched down Seventeenth
street to the Pan American
U.N. '
Continued From First Page
the Council sessions, said that
documents he had placed be
fore the Council proved the
falsity of Soviet accusations,
and he did not intend to reply
in detail.
He appealed to the Council
to let the 11-nation Asian-
African conciliation mission in
the Congo go ahead with its
attempts to reconcile political
rivalries, and to establish con
ditions that would permit
stabilization of the country.
Resists Subversion
Mario Cardozo, representa
tive of Congo President Joseph
Kasavubu, told the Council
that its main task was to halt
massive subversion in the
| Congo and prevent it from be
coming another Korea.”
He accused the Soviet Union
and certain other African
countries of pouring financial
and other aid into the Congo
in an attempt to put Mr. Lu
mumba back into power. Mr.
Cardozo arrived here from
Leopoldville today to address
the Council.
Mr. Cardoso was critical In
his remarks of India's Rajesh
war Dayal, who is Mr. Ham
marskjold’s special representa
tive in the Congo. But there
was no comment from Mr.
Hammarskjold on word from
Leopoldville that the Kasavubu
government had demanded Mr.
Dayal’s recall.
The vote came on the third
day of debate in the Council,
called into session at the re
quest of Che Soviet. Union.
Mr. Zorin demanded that the
Council condemn Belgium as
an aggressor, and recommend
that the Assembly consider re
moving her as trust power for
Ruanda-Urundi.
The Asian-African resolution
was milder in tone. It called
on the Council to recommend
to the General Assembly that
it consider the January 1 in
cident a violation of the trus
teeship agreement.
1 Union to urge that the Organ
ization of American States back
their fight.
The marchers carried small
American and Cuban flags in
their hands. Some wore black
arm bands in mourning for
. those killed in Cuba.
1 Castro Spelled with "K”
The name of Prime Minister
Fidel Castro on signs was
spelled with a "K.” Members of
. the delegation explained that
; this was to link Mr. Castro
■ with Soviet Premier Khrush-
• chev.
The visitors came in four
from New York. After
■ the demonstration near the
1 Pan American Union, the group
* placed a wreath at the Lincoln
‘ Memorial and went on to the
5 Canadian Embassy, protesting
* that country’s trade with Cuba.
k
r Escaped Suspect
b Returns Limping
And Surrenders
i
; An attempted robbery sus-
> pect who jumped out of a third
floor window at the fifth pre-
; cinct Friday night returned
, yesterday, limping and carry
ing his right shoe in his hand.
I The suspect, Robert Oden,
! jr., 25, of the 500 block of
, Fourteenth street S.E., gave
, himself up to Precinct Detetf
i tlve Anthony Menzano. He told
i Detective Menzano he sf>ent
■ the night in Meridan Park, and
would have been back earlier
but didn’t have any money. He
B said he “bummed” a bus trans
t fer to make the trip.
Oden was taken to District
b General Hospital to have a
swolen ankle examined.
f He was charged, along with
j an accomplice, Joseph E. Dyson,
. 31, of the 1300 block of C street
i S.E., with assault with intent
’ to rob. The two were accused
1 of beating and attempting to
j rob Elmer McCain, 42, of 1620
D street S.E., in the 400 block
of Fourteenth street S.E.
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