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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 15, 1961, Image 32

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Sunday Jfaf
• ’ With Doily Evening Edition
] W
Published by
! THI EVENING STAR NEWSPAPER COMPANY
WASHINGTON i, 0. G
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C-2
SUNDAY, JANUARY 15, 1961
Change at State
President Eisenhower, in his letter
.accepting Secretary of State Herter’s
"resignation, has paid a well-deserved
.tribute to the Secretary’s labors in
„behalf of peace.
i These labors have been spread over
-many years, but they have been partic
ularly intensive ever since April of 1959.
That was when Mr. Herter was named
to succeed John Foster Dulles, who had
resigned, because of his mortal illness,
after having played a giant’s role in
the office.
* Mr. Herter himself, of course, has
not had the same personal impact on
•internatiqpal affairs as his predecessor
•had. Nevertheless he has adhered to the
essentials of the Dulles line, with the
President’s full backing, on all the great
issues of our time, and he has done so
.with a measure of dignity and firmness
that must surely have impressed even
Nikita Khrushchev. This holds true for
-such explosive matters, among others,
as the U-2 spy-plane incident and the
abortive Paris summit conference last
May.
It is not surprising, actually, that
.Mr. Herter has vigorously upheld the
substance of the policies pursued by Mr.
Dulles. After all, prior to his being named
as Secretary, he had served for more
than two years as second in command
at the State Department, and Mr. Dulles
himself, even as he lay dying, counseled
the President to appoint Mr. Herter to
the office. And Mr. Eisenhower acted
accordingly after having received good
assurances that Mr. Herter’s painful
arthritic condition would not impair
the Secretary’s ability to carry out his
grave new responsibilities.
Mr. Herter has lived with his ail
ment for a long time, Including his
decade of service in Congress and his
one term as Governor of Massachusetts,
and he has amply demonstrated during
his Secretaryship that he has not been
handicapped by'lt in his work for peace.
In fact, in that respect, the only handi
cap he has labored under has been
international communism’s ceaseless
effort, as directed from Moscow and
Peiping, to infiltrate and subvert free
nations in an implacable drive to win
global domination.
This handicap will now be passed on
from Mr. Herter to Dean Rusk, the
Secretary-designate. Mr. Rusk, as he
indicated in his testimony the other day
before the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee, is well aware of that fact,
and he takes a dim view of resorting
to over-hasty or ill-prepared summitry
in an effort to cure it.
’ In sum, as Mr. Rusk himself has
suggested, the impending change in the
State Department’s high command is
not likely to lead to any quick,
spectacular or basic revision of our
tountry’s foreign policy. This confirms
pnee again—and the point should be
carefully noted in Moscow—that politics,
regardless of election returns, stops at
the water’s edge in America.
Why the Rush?
It is hard to understand what all
the rush is about in connection with the
proposal for a presidential proclamation
setting aside the old Chesapeake & Ohio
Canal as a “national monument.” Why
wait until President Eisenhower is about
to leave the White House before sub
mitting to him the Interior Depart
ment’s plan for preserving the canal
and adjacent areas as a public park?
The trouble with too much haste Is that
due consideration may not be given by
lhe outgoing President to the effect
of an unconditional proclamation on the
future welfare of the Nation’s Capital
and its suburbs. For, unless the draft
prepared by the Interior Department is
revised before a proclamation is issued,
it may prove difficult later to secure
legislation permitting use of some of
the parkland for possible water-supply
purposes.
* Experience has shown that, once a
"national monument” has been created,
Congress is reluctant to approve any
encroachment on the park area by dams
or other public works, however urgent
they may appear to be. This has
pertinence to the canal project, since
the Army Corps of Engineers has indi
cated that water-impounding works will
be required in the canal-park region to
insure Washington against water short
ages in times of drought and against
floods in times of rainy weather.
It is because of these future threats
that the District Commissioners have
notified the White House that if a canal
proclamation should be Issued, it should
contain a proviso that water storage or
other necessary public works could be
installed when the need arises. Any
attempt by the Interior Department to
rush a proclamation through the White
House without such a stipulation would
be a disservice to Washington and the
Federal Government. In any event, there
is no need for haste. Why not let the
new administration and Congress take
whatever action is necessary to preserve
the canal—to the degree consistent with
prudent plans for assuring an adequate
water supply for the Metropolitan Area?
Build That Bridge
After so many years of concen
trated preparation, the causes now
being cited for a further substantial
delay in the completion of the Theodore
Roosevelt Bridge are a little hard to
swallow.
Not long ago, area motorists were
promised the bridge would be finished
late this year, or certainly during 1962,
Now, suddenly, the earliest hopeful
date is mid-1963. A major reason,
according to highway officials, is that
construction workers found unusual
conditions on the rocky river bottom*,
and had to exercise special pains in
anchoring the piers so that the bridge
would be sure to stay put. Well,
obviously no one can quarrel with that.
What eludes us, however, is how any
part of this stretch of the Potomac
could be so mysterious as to cause a
delay of these proportions, in view of
the countless borings and explorations
which have accompanied the various
bridge and tunnel proposals at this
precise location over the years.
Perhaps one salutary effect of delay
will be that more time will permit a
final and completely satisfactory
agreement on the approach-road
entanglements on both sides of the
river. This is small solace for the un
reasonably long time which the entire
projects taking, however, and we hope
that Engineer Commissioner Clarke will
press the noses of the contractors as
well as the officials in charge a little
closer to the grindstone.
Virginia's Largest City?
If negotiations which are scheduled
to reach a climactic stage shortly are as
successful as the signs indicate, Rich
mond soon may become Virginia’s larg
est city. Its territory would expand
overnight from 37 to 269 square miles
and its population from 220,000 to 337,-
000. And the magic would be wrought
without benefit of expensive annexation
proceedings in the courts.
The expansion, under a plan being
considered by negotiators from Rich
mond and neighboring Henrico County,
would extend the city limits to include
the county’s 232 square miles and all of
its 117,000 residents. Nor is this the
first time that the Virginia capital,
hard-pressed for elbow room, has gone
into Henrico for relief. Eighteen years
ago Richmond was awarded a 17-square
mile chunk of the county after long
litigation before a special tribunal.
It was a threat of another annexa
tion suit which led to the present effort
to negotiate an agreement which would
bring the remainder of the county into
the municipality. Henrico, founded in
colonial days and until recent decades
a quiet farming community, has become
a thriving, urbanized county as the city
and its activities have tended to spill
over the boundaries. There are still a
few farms left, however—and they have
presented a tough problem for the nego
tiators. The problem is how to include
these farm lands within the city limits
without taxing them out of existence.
This and other problems have been
tackled forthrightly by the representa
tives of the two jurisdictions, however,
and there is considerable optimism that
solutions are about to be worked out.
If so, Norfolk will have to move back
into second place among the cities of
the Old Dominion.
The Job Must Be Done
As repugnant as the task may be
to rural members of the General
Assembly, the redistricting of Virginia
in line with the 1960 census figures can
not be evaded. At the past session the
Legislature seemed to think it could
forget its responsibilities by burying its
head in the sand on the reapportion
ment problem. But the State’s consti
tution leaves it no alternative but
to face up to the issue. Redistricting is
required after each decennial census.
Governor Almond therefore has acted
sensibly in deciding to appoint a special
commission to prepare a redistricting
plan for consideration of the Assembly
when it next meets, early in 1962.
At last year’s session the Legislature
rejected several proposals for legis
lative studies of reapportionment. The
“country” legislators could not bring
themselves to vote for anything that
might result in weakening their
strength in the Assembly and giving
the “city boys” a stronger voice—as a
fair reapportionment plan assuredly
would do. When one considers some of
the absurd disparities in legislative rep
resentation now existing, however, the
urgency of a readjustment is obvious.
For example, there are delegates from
rural counties representing from 20,000
to 50,000 constituents, while Fairfax
-Falls Church Delegates John C. Webb
and Dorothy McDiarmid speak for a
total of 285,000 citizens. These latter
citizens are entitled now to only one
State Senator, John A. K. Donovan,
while the City of Richmond, with
220,000 residents, has three senators.
These and other inequities in the
Assembly will be studied by the new
commission. If the job is done forth
rightly and fairly, nearby Virginia will
gain more seats in the General Assembly
and hence will wield more power in
obtaining legislation to meet the
growing problems of this rapidly
developing area.
/ Hr "
IO W
A WEI
1 | wit
1 WRRjyOIWR’W®
'Jack? . . . They Found Me Guilty—and Hired Me!'
LETTERS TO THE STAR
Sectional Strife
The Star is' to be com
mended for its publication
of Bruce Catton’s articles
on “The Needless War.”
What Mr. Catton has to say
is extremely timely; and
throws a welcome ray of
light in an atmosphere now
darkened by sectional dis
sension. From the "tragedy
of errors” that brought on
the Civil War, I am sure
there is a lesson to be
learned by us, today, in the
explosive "desegregation” is
sue.
No one, today, envisions
another Civil War over the
race issue; but no one can
deny the divisive effect that
issue is having upon our
country. If, at the time of
the Civil War, the issue of
slavery was complicated;
today, tjie issue of forced
segregation versus forced
integration seems even more
so. Just as then the institu
tion of slavery affected dif
ferent people in different
ways, so does the institu
tion of segregation affect
different people differently,
today.
It seems to me that if we
approach this matter of race
relations with our minds
rather than with our emo
tions; if those on both sides
were willing to concede as
well as take; if there were a
willingness on both sides to
debate the problem and
negotiate a settlement; then,
a middle ground might be
reached that would be ac
ceptable to everyone.
On both sides of this is
sue there are persons of
morals, of principles, and of
convictions, who can pre
sent convincingly and un
emotionally many valid rea
sons for their stand. Both
sides should be permitted to
present their case, especially
through the newspapers and
the networks which reach
all the people. If compromise
is what makes democracy
work, surely men of good
will can come to an agree
ment on this perplexing is
sue. If, as some say, there
is flexibility in our Con
stitution. surely there should
be flexibility in our Federal
Courts and in our National
Administration.
Harvey H. Hewitt.
Summit Terms
It’s about time the United
States set up the regulations
and conditions under which a
summit meeting could be ar
ranged. We should begin by
advising the Kremlin that no
conference or discussion
would be considered that in
cluded the unreliable and
untrustworthy Nikita Khru
shchev. Moscow should be re
minded that we are a Nation
with an established reputa
tion for never having started
or lost a war, that we would
be willing and anxious to
meet with new and responsi
ble Russian leaders, men
who would recognize the fact
that while the Soviet Union
and Red China are stirring
up trouble in Laos, Cuba and
elsewhere, and making prog
ress with nuclear weapons,
this country and its allies
are not exactly sitting idle.
The new Soviet people we
would deal with should be in
formed that during this cold
war we are making an all
out effort to add and improve
our bases and general posi
■ tion throughout the world,
that we intend to build bet
ter, more destructive bombs
and other war implements.
They should be told in no un
certain way that our meet
ings and conferences with
Nikita Khrushchev ended up
in the minus column, they
did nothing to Improve re
lations, and if they are look
ing to President-elect Ken
nedy as a soft touch, that’s
another mistake, and finally,
that we are a peace-loving
Nation which will not be
pushed around, but will con
sider any honest and reason
able proposal made in the
interest of peace and co
existence by responsible rep
resentatives of the Soviet
Union.
Herbert Sommers.
Pen names may be used if
panted by self - addressed,
letters carry writers’ correct
names and addresses. AU let
ters are subject to condensa
tion. Those not used will be
returned only when accom
stamped envelopes.
Economic Wizardry
The beginning-year opin
ions and prognoses of the
country’s leading economists
are now appearing. There
is a near consensus that we
are in an economic low spot
and there is considerable em
phasis on the part that our
high wage scales have played
in pricing us out of world
markets. We are no longer
an exporting country in the
sense that we formerly were.
Our production costs are so
much higher than those of
our competitors that we have
lost our export trade to them.
The new administration is
laudably addressing itself to
this economic problem. De
vices are being explored that
offer promise of lifting us
out of the “economic dol
drums” which now engulf us.
The recent publicized meet
ing of party leaders at the
President-elect’s Florida home
resulted in a list of legisla
tive “musts” which are to
have the immediate atten
tion of Congress. High on
the list is a raising of the
minimum wage and a broad
ening of its coverage.
Arranging these data in the
classic Inductive pattern we
have:
1. The new administration
must do something to improve
the economy of the country
and restore us to our former
position in world commerce.
2. An Important factor in
our loss of export markets
and thus needing to "do
something to improve the
economy” is the high wage
paid our labor in comparison
with wages paid for similar
producers in other countries.
3. Therefore: The first thing
to do is to hike the wage.
Isn’t the syllogism falling
apart, In some way, or is that
Just my Imagination?
Government Employe.
Peace Corps
Around the year 1212 A. D„
some people of Europe were
greatly disturbed over the
failure of their rulers, profes
sional diplomats, and military
personnel in solving their
foreign affairs problems in
the Middle East. These
trained leaders were experi
encing numerous defeats in
their efforts to halt and
reverse the spread of a
belief that was a challenge
to their homeland and their
religion.
Then an ingenious plan
was devised, based on the
assumption that these fail
ures were the result of cor
ruption and impurity on the
part of the established
institutions. The idea was a
youth corps to achieve
through naive innocence
what the trained profes
sionals could not accomplish.
The program was quite
expensive in money, lives,
and man-hours lost. It
ended in utter failure when
the Mediterranean Sea did
not part for these innocent
ambassadors. Nor did any of
the other expected miracles
materialize. The young people
were tricked by politicians,
merchants, and others; many
eventually ended as slaves
of the very enemy they had
set out to conquer.
There are those who main
tain that history has away
of repeating itself.
Joseph L. King.
Irked at Lawrence
We are expected to sit in
awe at David Lawrence’s reci
tation of a sort of catechism
on the duties, responsibilities
and functions of the Attorney
General.
The “13 points of responsi
bilities," so academically
enumerated by Solon Law
rence, have, apparently, been
overlooked by the Attorney
General appointed by the Re
publican Administration in
the past eight years.
Grey Leslie.
Scions of Harvard
I view with alarm the
tremendous number of Har
vard lawyers, professors,
economists, deans and cum
laudes who are being drafted
for the New Frontier team.
If these scions of Fair
Harvard cannot beat the
Yales on the playing fields
of Cambridge and Wellesley,
I have serious misgivings as
to their ability to hit Big
League pitching. As a matter
of fact, our Senators can
easily lick the New Frontiers
in any form of competition,
including the touch game.
The prospect of an eleventh
place team for Washington
dims the joy brought about
by Cal’s recent departure
from the local scene.
However, this particular
black cloud does have a sil
ver lining—we can depend
upon McNamara and his (in
harmonious Pentagon band to
put on a good half-time show.
Angus Sinclair.
It Figures
Unofficially, it has been
estimated that half the pop
ulation (90 million) ad
dressed, sealed, and sent ap
proximately 50 greeting cards
each during the recent holi
days. This would total up
wards of four and a half
billion cards.
Now the envelopes for all
these cards had gummed
flaps from 3 to 0 inches long
or, conservatively, four in
ches each.
That makes (figure it out
if you want to) a total of
280,000 miles of licking wear
the tongues of America got
late in December, and man,
it didn't faze ’em a bit; they
are still clacking!
F. D. McHuge.
FROM THE STAR FILES...
100 Years Ago
Our once tightly - knit
Union continued to come un
raveled. with much snarling
in the process, at this period
a century ago. Georgia joined
the growing parade of seced
ing States on January 19,
1861 and there were many
hostile acts in Dixie. Troops
of newly independent Florida
took over two forts and a
navy yard at Pensacola and
Federal soldiers retaliated by
garrisoning Fort Taylor at
Key West. Seceded Alabama’s
militia seized Fort Gaines.
One weak ray of light filtered
through these dark clouds:
Virginia proposed a national
peace conference. The Na
tion’s Capital was especially
restless. Advertisements for
firearms began to appear in
The Star, telling of the arri
val of new supplies of fine
weapons of all calibers. One
ad stressed: “Peace Is the
Time to Prepare for War!”
Volunteer military groups be
gan to form here, some meet
ing openly, others secretly.
From The Star of January 12,
1861: “A large number of
young men met at Temper
ance Hall last night for the
purpose of organizing a rifle
corps for the protection of
the city. It was agreed that
the company be called the
Crittenden Rifles.... Another
meeting of citizens was held
at Odd Fellows Hall, Navy
Yard, for the purpose of or
ganizing a military force. A
resolution stated: "Whereas
threats have been made that
the President-elect shall not
be inaugurated in this city
on March 4 next, and that
our city will be made the
scene of riot and plunder,
and the sanctity of our homes
invaded, therefore be it—
Resolved, that we the citizens
of the sth and 6th wards feel
it to be our duty to aid in the
support of the laws and Con
stitution of the United States,
and we, therefore, pledge to
each other our lives, our for
tunes and our sacred honor
to aid in defending our city
from whatever source (dan
ger) may come. All union
loving and law-abiding citi
zens are cordially invited to
j0in....” But all District cit
izens of that era were not
SPIRES OF THE SPIRIT **
Be It Resolved <
By DR. FREDERICK BROWN HARRIS
Chaplain ot th* United Staten Senate
As the first month of the
new year comes to its mid
way, it is the time to ask,
"How fares it with the shin
ing resolves with which we
greeted 1961?” Are they still
burnished, or are they tar
nished? Are our New Year’s
resolutions proving golden
stairs to higher things, or
are we still on the low road
of the year that has passed?
A cynical warning adage
has been handed down from
generation to generation.
Its taunting reminder for
failing and faltering human- I
ity is that the way to perdi
tion is paved with good deter
minations broken. The prov
erb about the pavement to
Hades is of course but a
dangerous half truth. The
other half is that the road
to Heaven is paved with gdod
resolutions kept.
Wheq there is a new face
at the door, it is a proverbial
time for the better angels
of our nature to take the floor
and present a bill of improve
ments for adoption on be
half of a better record in the
new year as it begins to un
fold its unsullied pages. At
such times an honest inven
tory of personality defeats
and defects is sure to bring
a melancholy admission of
past failures, of surrender to
the worst and of betrayals of
the possible best. Always
there is a depressing sense
of the irrevocability of the
record made, of beckoning
things unheeded—of things
hoped for unaccomplished.
There comes sweeping over
the spirit the devastating
finality of "what I have writ
ten I have written." There
is the accusing consciousness
which no remorse or tears
can cancel by even half a
line.
But the verdict as to what
we have done with our time,
and with ourselves, plants
within the aspiring part of
us, where caged ideals still
beat their wings, a determina
tion to mount from our baser
selves to higher things.
But there are so many
selves within this puzzling
enigma we call “ourselves."
As one suggests in an auto
biographical comment, "What
we seem to have within us is
not one unified individual
but. rather, an unruly mob.”
Within each one of us are
tendencies to follow the line
of least resistance, disdain
ing obedience and discipline.
There is within each of us
that which panders to the
titillation of some present
pleasure, regardless of the
toll it may demand in unborn
tomorrow. But within there
is another self which argues
the claims of the future by
presenting for adoption the
resolution to live laborious
days and to scorn delights
for some golden goal set be
fore. There are urges to
march breastforward, push
ing on beyond the allure
ments of today to the rewards
of the future.
The January changing of
the guard always raises the
pertinent question as to
habits and directions. Where
will the road I am now fol
lowing bring me? For it is
solemnly true that what we
will one day be, we are now
becoming. With 1960 now as
obsolete as last year’s bird
nests, voices are being raised
in the town meeting of the
unsatisfied inner life. It is
then that unfulfilled ideals
i V'
J Union-loving and did their
. planning behind closed doors.
’ The Star ot January 15,1861,
told how its reporter was in
’ vited to leave a meeting of
the "National Volunteers,"
held over Burch’s stable, on
Fourteenth street N.W., south
; of Pennsylvania avenue. Con
. eluding its lengthy account of
this mysterious meeting of
1 suspected Southern sympa
thizers, this paper quoted its
■ reporter thusly: “P. s. Pass-
■ Ing by Burch’s stable this
; morning, we received such a
knowing wink from one of
the horses that it induced us
to approach the sagacious
animal. He gave us to under
; stand that he was a good
Union horse, and fancying
’ something unwholesome was
■ going on upstairs the night
; previous, he kept his best ear
open and his favorite eye
’ cocked in the direction of a
' crack over his stall. It ap
pears that a reporter for the
, Republican also was smoked
out and asked to leave, but
that the Constitution man
■ was invited to remain as
‘friendly to the cause.’ Nice,
' patriotic, above - board pro
’ ceedings, says hoss!”
* 50 Years Ago
Street cars did a bustling
i business here 50 years ago,
• but there were so many com
i plaints from straphangers
I about overcrowded cars that
i Congress intervened. The
Star of January.l2, 1911 re
, ported: “A bill introduced by
i Representative Clark, of
Florida, provides for a 2-cent
’ fare for all passengers who
cannot get a seat in a car
after traveling a block. The
District Commissioners rec
ommend adverse action, say-
• ing the Interstate Commerce
Commission has the power to
regulate crowded cars if it
1® Sh JBl 4
demand the floor: Mr.
Chairman, I move that,
Whereas the yesterdays have
been marred by failure to
enter open doors of oppor
tunity; Whereas we have ac
cepted grooves which are be
coming our graves, Be it re
solved.”
Then following the glitter
ing generalities under the
heading “Whereas,” there
are exhibited the brass tacks
which accepted would really
nail down resolves to take us
onward and upward. For in
such resolutions there are
the clearly defined decisions
to stop doing “that” and with
the new year to start doing
“this," to bring the contribu
tions of each new day for the
enrichment of the total "I,”
thus lengthening the out
reach to one’s brother man
who is a part of the humanity
which is one. However, we
must be wise enough to know
that mighty few faults can be
eliminated by resolutions dic
tated by the one word, “Stop."
Such a “Be It Resolved" is
but a futile invitation to lift
oneself from the slough of
despond by pulling at our
own bootstraps.
The way to stop being in
the dark is to move into the
light. That One who was
and is “The Light of the
World” met men’s deepest
failures and their highest
yearnings with “Power to be
come.” It was not a "stop”
sign in a pious resolution
which changed Peter from
sand to rock, St. Augustine
from one whose eyes were
full of lust to one whose eyes
saw God and the godly, or
which transformed Jerry Mc-
Auley, the debauched drunk
ard, to one of modem twice
born men. It was a power
outside himself, linked on to
his resolution to reform,
which made John Masefield
able to say: "I knew that I
was through with sin, I knew
that Christ had given me
birth to brother all the sons
of earth.”
It is that power to become
that will make it gloriously
possible for each one of us
to make our own as stirring
a “Be It Resolved” as is to be
found in modem literature.
It was written by the poet,
Edwin Markham, on his 82d
borthday, and he called it
“A Look Ahead.” Here Is his
“Be It Resolved”:
I am done with the years
that were; I am quits,
I am done with the dead and
old;
They are mines worked out.
I have delved in their
pits.
I have saved their grain of
gold.
Now I turn to the future for
wine and bread,
I have bidden the past adieu.
I laujh, and lift hands to the
years ahead—
Come on, I am ready for yout
cares to ... The bill provides
for the fining of a conductor
who takes more than 2 cents
from a passenger who has
to stand for a block ...”
A new wrinkle for keeping
milady beautiful was ad
vanced 50 years ago. The
Star of January 18,1911, kept
a straight face as it reported
from New York: “The Wom
en’s Professional League, a
New York society of business
women, has decided that if
all the Ss in the English
language were Zs, then every
woman's throat would be a
perfectly smooth, round and
slender column. It is the
member of the alphabet
which causes a hissing sound
that works havoc with fair
throats. This is their state
ment of the situation: ‘Every
time one pronounces the
letter S, the muscles of the
neck are drawn up and
wrinkles come. More necks
are spoiled by this single,
crooked hissing letter than by
any amount of dissipation
and neglect. Women should
avoid it all they can by using
Z, thus making the hollows
in the neck fill out, wrinkles
disappear and the throat
round out and become
smooth and beautiful. . .
25 Years Ago
The word “boondoggle,"
considered an epithet by
most politicians, was not at
all unpleasant to the ear of
President Franklin D. Roose
velt 25 years ago. Indeed,
The Star of January 19, 1938
quoted F. D. R. as calling it
a “grand word.” The Presi
dent said in a speech in New
York: “If we can boondoggle
our way out of the depres
sion, that word is going to be
enshrined in the hearts of
Americans for many years
to come.” The same day the
Post Office Solicitor banned
as “unmailable” three cartoon
stamps caricaturing F. D. R.,
that were issued by a New
York Rejkiblican group. One
depicted the President as
“Frankenstein,” dressed in
Russian costume, treading on
industrial plants labeled
“U. 8. Business.” Another
showed him lighting a ciga
rette from a burning scroll
labeled "Constitution.”

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