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Art—Schools S' i l-iSSBWMf*' tBB - 'WK?? “Wedding Dress” by Ben Kamihira which received the 2d William A. Clark prise of $1,500 and the Corcoran silver medab in the 27th Biennial Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, ART NEWS OF THE D. C. AREA Biennial Exhibition Opens at Corcoran By FLORENCE 8. BERRYMAN Art Critic ot Th* Star The 27th biennial exhibition of contemporary American painting, which was inaugurated at the Corcoran Gallery of Art last Friday evening with an invitation preview, will re main open to the public through February 26. It is the latest edition of Washington’s most important recurring art exhibi tion from the national standpoint, because of its representa- tion of artists from all parts of the country, its large pro portion of those with estab lished reputations, the en couragement given to a sub stantial number of unrecog nized and usually young art ists, and not least, the size . of the awards. • The exhibition comprises 129 paintings, selected from about 5,000 —3,000 entries from 45 States and the Dis trict of Columbia for the juried section, and 2,000 works examined for the in vited selections. Despite these thousands of possible exhib its, the show is the smallest in some years: the 26th bien nial in 1959 had 187 paint ings; the 25th, two years ear lier, 191. The layman might assume that after all this rigorous winnowing, which resulted in approximately one in 40 making the grade, that this biennial would be composed of indubitable masterpieces. Anyone so naive will be quickly disillu sioned. Color Slide Selections In his interesting and per suasive introttiction to the biennial re taw nr. Hermann W. Williairtwjr., director of the Corcoran, states the rea sons for the change in the method of jury selections. Early last year artists throughout the country were invited to send color slides of their works for preliminary selection. The announcement of this innovation created something ot a furor in art circles here, which were gen erally opposed. Away from Washington, the new method was mostjgr favored. Consid ering the expenses of packing and shipping, the labor and time consumed in handlink original paintings, and the wear and tear on jurors, most B6tineiB*Chevy Chase" Custom Picture Framing Fine Art Reproductions Tt'ISDAY TO BATVBDAY CUCUMBix BOOKSHOP 7844 Wta. in OL. Z-87SS 4 i' K cej SATURDAY MORNING CLASSES W FOR YOUNG PEOPLE L Ages 7 Through 16 U The Corcoran School of Art T A**n 17th St. and New York Ave. IB ME. 8-3211 •IXI’A Cl«sses la Panting and Drawing, and tealptara V~l ( Clouet -Sy I I Children's Classes Begin February 4, 1961 , //' Barents'Classes Begin February 11, 1961 Register on or Before Thursday, Hi I \ January 26, 1961 17th St. and New York Ave. MF. 1-1211 DAY AND EVENING CLASSES in Painting and Drawing, I Sculpture, Basie Design, Advertising and Editorial Art. ■ Full or Part-Time Enrollment r,of»,,ional training It givon under nationally known paintart, Kulptart ■ and detignen for a carter in the fina and applied art,. Write or Phono for School Catalogue Classes begin January 30 Register on er Before Thursday, January 26 ■ 1.A., IF.A., MX. and M.F.A.' deg reel granted through The George H Washington University. THE SUNDAY STAR Wethington, 0. C„ January 15, 1941 people will doubtless agree that the preliminary selec tion from slides of works to be examined in their orig inal state, should be perma nently adopted. Thirty-five paintings were accepted from 125 invited for the final jury selection; 94 works were invited for the show from 22 times as many which Mr. Williams person ally examined in dealers* gal leries and artists’ studios. The foregoing should provide -some idea of the many months of ceaseless activity and hard labor involved in assembling such a show. Prize Winners The jury, composed of Richard B. K. McLanathan, director of the Munson-Wil liams-Proctor Institute of Utica, N. Y.; Franklin Wat kins. Philadelphia painter, long-time instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and a prize win ner at the Corcoran bien nial in the late 19305, and Mr. Williams, made the final choices and the four awards. They displayed catholic tastes in dividing these be tween abstract and repre sentational works, which they considered the best pictures in the show. • The first William A. Clark prize of $2,000 and the Corcoran’s gold medal were bestowed on Lee Gatch’s collage, "The Beech,” an abstract image based on na ture; it could be either a cross section of the tree, as suggested by its roughly elliptical shape, or an area of bark which has a dis tinctive patchy appearance, possibly symbolized by the carefully cut and arranged scraps of linen in a variety ot shapes, and areas of ex posed canvas, painted in tones of yellow, gray and brown. • In sharp contrast is the winner of the second Clark prize, 81,500 and the Cor coran silver medal, young NEW OPENINGS Lr^^ H *3 ’ Graphic Arte. BmlUuonlu Building. , Current through February 28. ! American Unlrordty. Thia After noon through Februar- 3. PAINTINGS BY ALPHONSO FRAILS. I Dickaon Gallery, <1237 P (tract M.W. Thia afternoon through February 5. THZ VICTORIAN AMERICAN Mom the Peters Lithography Collection. Natural Hlatory Muaeum. Tenth < atreet'and-Conatltutlon avenue N.W. Today throuah February 5. RECENT PAINTINGS BY KARRXL APRIL. Gres Gallery. 1728 Twen tieth etreet N.W. Tomorrow through February 11. Corcoran Gallery ot Art. Seven teenth street and New York ave nue N.W. Current through February 28 NE^GWo lerv. 3808 Mount Vernon avenue. Alexandria. Va. Current through January 31. Pennsylvania artist Ben Kamihira's “Wedding Dsess,’’ an interior with figures, nat uralistieally and beautifully painted. Dominant colors are blue, cream and reddish brown. • The jury swung back to abstract painting in award ing the third Clark prize of $l,OOO and the Corcoran bronze medal to "Multiple Images” by WiU Barnet of New York. Animated non objective forms are in asym metrical balance against a dark background, the com position presenting co n trasts of light and dark tones and warm and cool colors. o Ben Shahn’s painting, “From That Day On” fetched fourth Clark prize of 8500 and copper medal. Its mean ing is obscure. A near-life size figure of an elderly Japa nese man holding an Infant, appears to emphasise the differences between youth and maturity, and presents in their dress a variety of < patterns in several colors. Abstract Dominant 1 The biennial’s general ef fect is abstract expressionist, exemplified by more than half the paintings; another large proportion includes works in other modern idioms, abstract and modem figurative, Mr. Williams forestalls any speculation about important artists not included, by giving a few reasons. But surely no mu seum director can hope to have today, comprehensive coverage of well-known art ists. Abstract expressionists alone, in the past 15 years, have produced an esthetic population explosion; and judging by the numbers who elicit ecstatic reviews in avant-garde publications, there must be more of them turning out immortal master pieces, than the Italian Ren aissance created in several centuries. Color is everything in many abstract expressionist paint ings. Here they range from such beautiful color compo sitions as Carl Holty’s “White Envelope” and Hans Hof mann’s vivid rectangles “Morning Mist” to Kyle Morris’ large black-and-white painting titled with a date. Franz Kline, who has been praised as a colorist, is rep resented here with a frenzied black "scribble” of vari directed strokes, with rims of light at the edges, the show's rock-bottom exhibit to me. Geometricals Several outstanding paint ers of geometrical rectilinear abstractions are here, among them Josef Albers with an other of his meticulously painted versions of "Homage to the Square,” and I. Rice ARTISTS White Sale 20% off*;-,, ART SHOP 1209 Ge. Ave., Silver Spring [ ST 3.6923 MUTJM 8j32 NEW YORK AVSM THE SHAPE OF THINGS . ■■■■'• Art of Albrecht Durer The Timeless Modem By RICHARD HIRSCH Director, Allentown Art Mueeua Albrecht Durer, born in 1471, spent his childhood In a goldsmith’s shop. The Numberg of his time was the most prosperous city of the many German prin cipalities. It was also rich * in ideas and ready, when the time came, to adopt the Reform of Martin Luther. The new art of printing flourished brilliantly In Durer’s Numberg where, as a little boy, he early learned to read and write. Before he was 10 he went to work full time in his father’s shop. There also, he learned. The elaborateness of the goldsmith’s craft in those times has probably never been equalled in the West. The Gothic Is dying in a fireworks of design, in swirl ing forms which only bold ygt Pereira showing “The In finity of Time,” the fore ground linear construction opening on space and dis tance—a handsome work. Other abstract paintings which impressed me are Karl Knaths’ "Sculling,” its theme much simplified, expressed in curved, straight and bent lines on a smooth golden sur face; Sam Fischer’s deep toned collage, "Lot’s Wife”; Lets Hess’ mass of confetti colored dots dominated by blue, which form a vague oval image; Cleve Gray’s tall nar row panel, "Cypresses—Gra nada,” almost neutral dark and light forms defined with straight and swinging lines; John Hultberg’s nightmarish “Blue Black Destruction”; Georgia O’Keeffe’s New Mex ico landscape, exquisite in its maximum simplicity, and Jack Perlmutter’s "Eclipse,” two spheres framed In heavy dark bars, with a network of fine lines and minute shapes. There are a number of ar resting landscapes or sea and shore paintings, which are abstract, yet convey the sense of place and atmos phere with impact: Martyl’s “Ireland,** moody, with flashes of green, and a stormy sea; "At Water’s Edge,” by Robert Marx, dark and lonely; “To wards Monhegan,” by Hans Moller, high-keyed colors and linear balance; and John Guerin’s “Penobscot Bay,” an austere night scene. Herman Marti's “Dark Waters” seems to be reduced to the lowest denominator of representa tion, while still presenting the image —an arresting work. Representational John Koch and Thomas Yerxa show the top repre sentational paintings, in my opinion—the former’s small quiet painting of a woman in a “Pink Dressing Gown” going through a door, flanked with beautifully painted still life; Mr, Yerxa’s “City > Street,” presumably in Bal timore, his home, with a ’ crowd of people in the fore- 1 ground, against tenements 1 whose window verticals and ( fire-escape diagonals create ' a pattern In the general gray-blue and brown tonal- 1 ity. i Gardner Cox, twiee-llfe size portrait of Mr. Justice Frankfurter has great vitality. ! There is pictorial appeal in 1 decorative flower and still life < painitngs by Eric Isenburger ' 'russets and grays), Frankin ' Watkins, Carlyle Brown I (“Blue Glasses” in a gold ( pattern), and Walter Murch ("Rock and Cloth” seen 1 mistily in a brown light). 1 Leonard Maurer’s “Apple I Bough” seems the very es- 1 sence of early autumn. 1 Charles Burchfield is unique; his enchanting “Song of the 1 Bobolink” is representational 1 but very modem, with ex- 1 pressive black lines defining ’ the bird’s song, the flowers dancing in the breeze, a feel ing of fresh air and sunlight throughout. Social Satire Jack Levine is almost alone in the field of incisive social satire. His “1932, Memory of Georg Grosz” is a bitter and telling comment on the trans fer of power to Hitler by Von Hindenburg. But Philip Evergood's “Ancient Queen” (Cleopatra?) with its nervous wriggly lines, frenzied color patterns of mosaic floors, and a suggestion of caricature in the figures, also seems sa- - tirical. Only six Washington area artists are represented, five by invitation. Samuel Book atz* large modem figurative “Mexican Wedding” passed the jury, an achievement akin to going through the needle’s eye. Mitchell Jamieson's “Men Fighting in a Landscape” ap pears to have been inspired by Pollaiuolo’s "Battle of Naked Men.” Arnold Blanch, Max Weber, Milton Avery and Kenneth Callahan all show admirable apd markedly dif ferent figurative paintings. In fact, despite my feeling that there are too many abstract expressionist works in the show, there are many more paintings worth mention by name than space permits. Mr. Williams concludes his catalogue essay on a wistful note: "I don’t expect that many visitors will find the exhibition to their taste,” but. he hopes many of us find “at least one painting” we would “dearly love to own.” I should like to urge everyone to visit the biennial during the next six weeks; most visitors will surely find more than one painting appealing or interesting. painstaking craft of enor mous patience could accom plish. Leading German Artist These early yean will shape all of Durer’s career, making of him the greatest of German artists in the most singular way. In his childhood he shapes gold and silver into intricate ornament. Thus prepared, his maturity finds him en graving copper with a mas tery no one will surpass. By all standards he will remain Germany’s greatest artist. Nevertheless, he is not Ger many’s greatest painter. First and foremost, Durer is an engraver, splendidly subdu ing the metal plate to the grandeur of his ideas, mas tering it with the marvelous intelligence of his crafts man’s hand. At 13, his self-portrait shows us a youngster in full control of silverpoint. He is apprenticed to a publisher of Illustrated books, Michael Wohlgemuth, where he suf fers from the pranks of a rowdy crowd of other appren tices. But he learns much, the art of the woodcut, the art of telling intricate stories within small rectangles of printed lines. Begins Travels At 19 he starts his four years of travel as a journey man. He works in Basel where, 20 years later. Holbein will shine and become famous. Durer apparently crosses the Alps for a short while and discovers Italy in the headi ness of the Renaissance. He returns with copies of things he has seen there, disturbed by the new ideas which have taken hold In Italy. Clearly the Gothic world to which Durer belongs has been dying although Numberg had not known it. Over the years Durer win bridge the two great periods, masterfully blending the vigor of the Gothic and the har monies of the “New Learning.” So masterful was he In this respect that the proud Ital ians will borrow from his engravings, will copy him outright both in their prints and in many paintings where both his compositions and backgrounds were used ex tensively. Durer, alone of an German COLLEGE NEWS Psychology Award For D. C Senior Milford F. Schwartz, Jr., of Washington, a senior pre medical student at Washington and Lee University, Lexingfnn Va., has been awarded a Robert E. Lee research assistancy in psychology. A dean’s list student. Mr. Schwarts is a member of Phi Eta Sigma, national freshman honor scholastic society, and of Alpha Epsilon Delta, na tional honorary premedical fra ternity. He will enter medical school In the fall. His parents are Mr. and Mrs. Milford F. Schwarts, 5701 Utah avenue N.W. sees Nancy Clark of Arlington, a senior, has been chosen a mem ber of the first group of stu dents to participate in a spe cial study of radioactivity at Wellesley College. This will be in connection with her work as a major in botany. The study was made possible by an Atomic Energy Commis sion grant for Imparting basic Information about radioisotopes and other aspects of nuclear technology. Miss Clark also is vice presi dent of her dormitory. Her parents are CoL and Mrs. Law rence B. Clark, 1914 Columbia pike. .•• • ♦ Kirsten Beck of Washington, a freshman at Buckneil Uni versity, Lewisburg, Pa., will accompany the university’s Women’s Glee Club on Its an nual midwinter concert tour of 10 cities in the country. From GREEN ACRES SCHOOL Grades I*6, Kindergarten, Nursery School Founded 1934 A private school in the Bethesda area providing a well-rounded enriched educational program with emphasis on individual development and preparation for secondary school work. Small Classes Box 5760, Bethesda, Md. WH. 6*9583 IF LIBERAL ARTS DID NOT PREPARE YOU TO EARN A LIVING— CONSIDER ACCOUNTANCY TRAINING ®For over 50 yean our graduates hove been notably successful in obtaining employment of the kind which leads to advancement. The Accounting Department provide* the best preparation for managerial posi tion* in bu*iness. Accountants also advance to execu tive post* in Government. Request our bulletin which contains the name* of hundreds of typically successful Benjamin Franklin graduate*. Day and Evening Classes Open in February BENJAMIN FRANKLIN UNIVERSITY-SCHOOL OF Accountancy and Financial Administration REpublic 7-2262 1100 SIXTEENTH STREET, N.W. at L t z ■ Tin B ■ mfcr.' ■ ri i t Mr* jjMRMi (' I ' 'ft Me*/* lit, lit -Jr JI wWrr • X -IL? < W- wR vs 'i “The Legend of St. Eustace,” one of Albrecht Durer’s great engravings, from an Impression made before 1520, in the Rosenwaid Collection of the National Gallery of Art. artists, received this distinc tion from the Italian artists who were creating in a fer ment of Intellectual pride the Renaissance and the Golden Age of painting. Strangely. Durer’s Influ ence on painters was that of a thinker. What we find borrowed from him are con cepts rather than things. These concepts Durer best expressed in superlative line, creating “color” solely by black and white, the pure language of the engraver of fine prints. There is a riddle here and also a paradox. The paradox is the grandeur of size which the viewer intuitively feels In 1 — w a ssvs January 26 until 31. the group will give 12 concerts. Miss Beck also is a staff member of the Bucknellian. campus newspaper. She is a graduate of the St. Agnes School for Girls, Alexandria. *• • • Barbara McLeod of Silver Spring, a sophomore majoring in piano, has been elected' member of the Alpha Chi Omega sorority at the Birming ham-Southern College, Birm ingham, Ala. A dean’s list student. Miss McLeod a** is a member of the : Independents, Methodist Stu dent Movement, and the choir and Alpha Lamda Delta, hon ' orary scholastic organization for freshmen women. She is the daughter of the Mill /P roet * 0 * lak court* ' only $7.50 a wook TEMM.I SCHOOL I I3M • ST. NW MA. B«Mif any of Durer’s compositions, although the copper plate on which he worked may have been no larger than the page of a popular novel. The riddle Is in the fasci nation of the world which Durer, a man of the Gothic age, created for all of us Who follow him in time. It is a world in which we are at home, in which we enter with a twinge of awe, as unaccus tomed as we are to this emo tion. Durer creates a world where sunlight and shadow have intimations of mystery under the crystalline clarity of form. It is also a sane world, unlike that of a visionary Blake or a haunted Rev. and Mrs. Walter G. Mc- Leod, 10503 Amherst avenue. *• 8 • Robert Lockwood of Hyatts ville, a sophomore, has been elected treasurer of his class at St. Lawrence University, Can ton, N. Y. (He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. John L. Lockwood, 3421 Tulane drive. Marilyn Hay of Washington, a senior at the University of Maryland, has been re-elected MACHINE SHORTHAND • Nation's top-ranking reporting school. • 27th yeor. Speeds to 300 w.p.m. • We train for secretarial and reporting. • Stenotypists urgently needed everywhere. • Impressive salaries—free placement. • New machine included with course. """*■“ NEW DAY CLASS—JAN. 16 & 30 NEW NIGHT CLASS—JAN. 17 & 30 STENOTYPE INSTITUTE 734 15th Street N.W. NA. 8-8320 & NA. 8-8373 modern \ f 7 low switchboards x z cost TEMPLE SCHOOL 1338 « ST. NW NA. 8-4539 i iSi) Southeastern University i tEWEjEIt “Chartered by Act of Congress” | Announces SPRING SEMESTER I | January 30—May 26 | REGISTRATION NOW IN PROGRESS I S through JANUARY 28 | DEGREE COURSES in ACCOUNTANCY, BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION and TRANSPORTATION EVENING CLASSES in: ACCOUNTING FEDERAL MARKETING • FINANCIAL ! ADVERTISING MANAGEMENT * I • • PSYCHOLOGY | t BUSINESS FINANCE ! ORGANIZATION • and LAW REAL ESTATE I MANAGEMENT • • DATA B ECONOMICS -PROCESSING TRANSPORTATION I Co-Educational—Fully Approved for Veterans WRITE TODAY FOR CATALOG OR PHONE ’ NA. 8-2668 (DAY) OR NA. 8-1152 (NIGHT) * SOUTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY 82nd YEAR OF SERVICE IN THE NATION’S CAPITAL 1736 G STREET N.W. WASHINGTON, D. C. Goya. It has depth but it leads to no nether ones. In his own time Durer, on the sole strength of his prints, woodcuts and engravings, was received as a prince in foreign lands. He was the friend of philosophers and of Martin Luther. He had the friendship and respect of artists and of princes. But, by some mystery, he was more, much more than a man of his single time. For tified by the craft of the goldsmith, his hand was su perbly endowed to make us the heirs of a vision both timeless and universal. He deserves your study. (Copyright 1861. Oongrsl PMtures Corp.)- treasurer of the Delta Delta sorority for another year. A mathematics major. Miss Hay is also president of the university’s chapter of the Mor tar Board, senior women’s lead ership honorary fraternity, and of the Women’s Recreation As sociation. Her latest honor includes se lection for the Who’s Who in American Colleges and Univer sities. Her parents are Mr. and Mrs. Donald A. Hay, 1625 Kalmia road N.W.