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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 17, 1961, Image 11

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PAVIO UWftfNCE
five Keys to Kennedy's Success
Kind of President He Makes Is Viewed
As Affected by Heads of Five Nations
What kind of President win
John F. Kennedy make? All
over the world that vary ques
tion is being asked. But the
answer win not be found in
his campaign speeches. Nor
will it be obtained by analys
ing his personality or career
in public service.
In fact, the key isn’t in Mr.
Kennedy’s possession at all.
The following persons haye
the real answer:
Premier Nikita Khrushchev
of the Soviet Union.
Chinese Premier Mao Tze
tung .of the Red China re
gime.
Prime Minister ' Harold
Macmillan of Great Britain.
President Charles de Gaulle
of Prance.
Chancellor Konrad Ade
nauer of West Germany. .
These five men control the
future “prestige" of the Ken
nedy administration. For the
United States eannot go it
alone it cannot overrule its
allies or force its potential
enemy to retreat. The Soviet
Union, moreover, can produce
crisis after crisis based on dis
unity or differences among
the Western allies.
The notion that John Ken
nedy has become dictator of
the world’s destiny is falla
cious. His hands are tied
just as were those of Presi
dent Eisenhbwer. AU the hys
terical ranting*. of the critics
about lowered prestige or lack
of leadership by President Ei
senhower ignores a simple
fact that the head of the
American Government is not
the boss and that he has only
one choice, between war or
peace. If he chooses peace,
then patience and forbear
ance, which are easily mis
judged as weakness, can be
criticized once more. Signifi
cantly, W. Averell Harriman,
former Ambassador to Russia
and designated as Ambassa
dor at large in the new ad
ministration, said on a
WOR radio program, taped
last Friday, that Americans
DORIS FLEESON
Civil Rights and New Regime
Kennedy's Cool Young Men Expected
To Take Action on This Problem
What the Kennedy ad
ministration can do in civil
rights if it is substantially
thwarted by Congress ap
pears again in the astringent
report the Civil Rights Com
mission has just given Presi
dent Eisenhower and Con
gress.
Its high point is harsh
criticism of the Federal Gov
ernment for tacitly consent
ing to segregation at the col
lege level by permitting most
Federal assistance to go to
white schools. Federal aid
funds, the CRC recommended,
should be cut off to all pub
lic colleges and universities
which bar Negroes.
, In a telling phrase, Wash
ington was called*a “silent
partner” in the inequitable
distribution of Federal funds.
It is at least inconsistent as
the Federal power is being
used to support the Supreme
Court order requiring inte
grated schools.
Students of the Presiden
tial power including the
President-elect—are generally
agreed it is largely what he
makes it. No one today is
quite certain how, at what
time and in what form a
President Kennedy can act
on the specific points of the
RALPH McGILL
Invitation to Violence in Georgia
Official's Attack on University Deans
Called Inherent Bid to Rioters
Slowly, with ineffable sad
ness, the story of violence at
the University of Georgia un
folds. Those who looked on,
helpless to cope with the
rioting, students, who repre
sented perhaps 500 of the
more than 7,000 on the rolls,
knew they were not watch
ing a genuine student-organ
ized protest.
A few arrests were made
by the outnumbered force of
the university city. Nine
were hard-looking men. The
nine were identified late the
next day as admitted Klans
men. What police described
as a small arsenal of weapons
with extra belts of ammuni
tion was found in their pos
session. Six loaded revolvers
were in the lot
A member of the State
Board of Regents actually
criticized in harsh terms the
efforts of the president of
the university and the deans
to stop earlier, and smaller,
disturbances. That a hard
core of students, perhaps a
hundred, was coached and
prepared in advance is not
doubted. By no means were
all the armed adults arrested.
Nine of them were. Others
managed to avoid becoming
involved.
Here are but some of the
elements of the humiliation
of a town and a State. The
toughs who masterminded
the riot had encouragement
and direction.
These men, and all they
represent, suddenly became
the face of the South. They
became, too, the face of State
government, since they man
aged temporarily to prevail.
The rioting students, too.
will have to learn to 11K with
the cold war for a long time.
But Representative John
W. McCormack, the Demo
cratic Party’s leader in the
House of Representatives, in
“Radio News Conference” on
Sunday, took a different view
• as he accused President Ei
senhower of “very weak lead
ership on the world level” and
called for sacrifices to roll
back Communist gains. He
said:
“The American people in
my opinion are warriors.
We’re not quitters. But the
people should be given the
truth, and they’re commenc
ing to get it now through the
newspapers.”
Mr. McCormack discussed
Lans. Cuba. Berlin, the Congo
and relations with the allies.
He spoke of General de
Gaulle as “concerned with
his internal problems —a
courageous man, but upper
most in his mind is France
internally, and he’s compelled
to disregard the world situa
tion.”
While not saying so di
rectly, Mr. McCormack im
plied that Prime Minister
Macmillan is inclined to be
an appeaser. He remarked
that he was sorry to say that
Mr. Macmillan is “following
the pathways that Chamber
lain took” when the latter
“gave way to Hitler in the
hope that Hitler would be
satisfied.” Mr. McCormack
added:
“And Hitler showed that
the road of appeasement is
the road to war. We need
firmness. It means one has
got to be capable and have to
take the calculated risk of
action and firmness against
the calculated risk of in
action.”
This is an almost exact
description of the art of
“brinkmanship” for which
the late John Foster Dulles
was roundly denounced and
ridiculed by many of the
speakers of the Democratic
Party. Questioned about this,
Mr. McCormack said he had
been one of the “strongest
CRC report, but he can act
very effectively if he chooses.
What students of the situ
ation. including the more
alert politicians outside and
in the South; know is that
already much is being done
along these lines by the Ex
ecutive branch. Their actions
have raised little public clam
our, principally because the
segregationists realize that
the Federal courts are follow
ing so closely the Supreme
Court lead.
An example and the politi
cal consequences which flow
from it is the Department of
Labor.
The departing Elsenhower
chief of that department,
James Mitchell, followed
through to the limit of his
powers in such matters and
in wage and hour standards
and Federal contracts. Be
cause those directly con
cerned knew it, Mr. Mitchell
has actually been under
attack less than his Demo
cratic predecessors. South
erners apparently felt they
had no leverage on a New
Jersey Republican; the deeply
conservative were lulled by
the fact that he came from
the management side of the
table.
were for the period of their
cursing attack on one of the
university buildings, linked
in emotion, mind and pur
pose with the armed men who
had come to de whatever evil
they could.
But, let us not ignore the
fact. The adult toughs who
joined in the explosion of
hate, and the students as
well, were there by an invita
tion which, if not directly
sent, was inherent in events.
When a member of the State
Board of Regents protests
the action of deans halting
demonstrations and threat
ens the president for obey
ing a court order, that is in
essence encouragement to
defy authority. There were
other invitations. Among
them were the silence and
indecision of the State.
The faculty, the people of
the State, the city govern
ment, have a right to expect
that the legislature, the Gov
ernor and other officials
whatever their personal pre
judices—will protect the good
name of the university and
the State by scrupulously
protecting their integrity.
There is another and
brighter side to this coin.
More than half the faculty
of the university, outraged by
the affront to decency, hu
manity and the good name
of the institution, met and
signed a protest and a re
quest that the Negro students
be readmitted.
This was magnificent. One
cannot help but wonder
where other members of the
faculty were. It is difficult, t®
believe they will ever again
feel entirely comfortable in
admirers” of Mr. Dulles’s
foreign policy in the last two
years before the- latter’s
death.
The House Democratic ma
jority leader also declared
that defense expenditures
should be stepped up because
“that’s a message to the
Communists, to Khrushchev
and them, that they under
stand.” He added:
“If they understand that
President Kennedy is doing
his own homework, is making
his own decisions, and when
he makes decisions, he means
it—that’s the language they
understand. That will do
more to create the spirit,
bring back the unity among
our allies. It’ll stop countries
from being neutral.”
What does it all mean?
That Mr. Kennedy is going
to try to lay down the law
to our allies and tell them
they must conform to Amer
ican leadership? Does it
mean he will threaten Mr.
Khrushchev with war if nec
essary? One wonders how he
is going to get the Commu
nists out of Africa and keep
them from more aggressions
in Southeast Asia. Will it be
by offering more money to
the “neutrals”?
How, moreover, will Mr.
Kennedy deal with Commu
nist infiltration in the United
States—by supporting James
Roosevelt’s efforts in the
House to cut down the money
used by the House Commit
tee on Un-American Activi
ties to uncover Communist
operations in our own schools
and colleges and to expose
their efforts to undermine in
stitutions here and through
out Latin America?
Mr. Kennedy already has
many advisers. Some believe
as Mr. McCormack does,
while others want to hurry
up and admit Red China into
the United Nations and re
treat on the Quemoy and
Matsu question. Mr. Kennedy
has the sympathy and best
wishes of many citizens who
want neither war nor ap
peasement but, instead, a
policy of armed* patience in
the face of deliberate provo
cations to war.
(CopjrUht, 19811
Now Mr. Mitchell has an
nounced that he will run for
the Republican nomination
for Governor of New Jersey.
His supporters frankly expect
that his record will command
independent and labor sup
port of the kind which gave
the present incumbent. Dem
ocrat Robert Meyner, two
terms.
Obviously Mr. Mitchell’s
successor, Arthur Goldberg,
a labor negotiation expert,
will not do less than Mr.
Mitchell. The new Health.
Education and Welfare Sec
retary, Gov. Ribicoff of
Connecticut, will probably
do more in the civil rights
field than his predecessors in
the Cabinet department
created by the Eisenhower
administration.
What counts overwhelm
ingly remains the White
House and a Presidential de
cision to exercise moral
leadership. In his campaign
Mr. Kennedy accepted that
challenge.
Nobody will yet admit that
any study of the courses open
to him is being made, but it
is hardly possible .that so
sensitive a matter is being
allowed to drift. It would not
be in character for John F.
Kennedy or all his cool young
men to wait for a Little
Rock to see what they can
do.
conscience if they remained
away by choice. The furies
of ignorance and hate will
be loosed, for a time, against
those who did sign. But all
their lives they will be able
to say. of a time of testing,
“I was there."
For the legislature and the
political leaders of the State,
there remains a decision.
Will they, whatever their
personal beliefs, stand with
law, or invite violence and
the violent?
$25 Voted by Group
For Representation
Leland S. McCarthy, manag
ing director of the Better Busi
ness Bureau of Metropolitan
Washington, last night de
scribed the, activities and scope
of the bureau to the Chevy
Chase Citizens Association.
In other business, the as
sociation voted unanimously to
contribute $25 to the Citizens
Joint Committee on National
Representation. The commit
tee is working with State legis
latures to ratify a constitu
tional amendment which would
allow District residents to vote
for President and Vice Presi
dent in national elections.
The meeting, conducted by
James A. Willey, president, was
held at the Chevy Chase Com
munity Center, 5601 Connecti
cut avenue N.W.
Poetess to Read
May Miller, author of “Into
the Clearing,” will read selec
tions from her poems at 9 p.m.
tomorrow at the Poetry Center
of the Jewish Community
Center.
SENATOR CAUCUS -»y Wym.
~~~
Copr. ’6l Gen’l Ftshimt Cerp-JM-World Right* R*vd. «'J.»
“Heaven help us! I think he just got his
second wind!"
POTOMAC FEVER
By FLETCHER KNEBEL
A million people may line the Kennedy inaugural
parade route, half wearing. “I told you so” buttons and half
wearing: “Don’t blame me. I went to Yale.”
*« « •
Ike leaves office as popular as ever. People like the way.
he kept the White House free of the taint of government. '
*• • ♦
Washington hair-do notes. Women switch from Mamie's
style to Jacqueline’s. Moral: After the bangs, the explosion.
/•e • •
Definition of a three-time loser: An over-due Minnesota
fan driving back home from the Rose Bowl in an Edsel, wear
ing a Nixon button.
•♦ * »
Ike warns against running government by "credit card.”
His own fiscal policy was strictly cash-and-carry: spend the
cash and carry your head as high as the deficit.
** * *
One ranking Democrat, denied an appointment by Ken
nedy. has a sure-fire scheme to make it next fall. He’s going
to summer school at Harvard.
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■ THE National Bank ■
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K 111 OLDEST
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II BOARD OF , \
DIRECTORS ; ‘
MAIN OFFICE U
619 14th Street N.W. ’ H WILMER I WALLER x., ' i
» . j r II Ch«<rma» s<
K Between F end G Streets EDWARD C. BALTZ KWVi'
Washington 5, D. G U Preifirnt HmgraSSS
Ptrpetual Bulldins AuocUUon
CROSBY N. BOYD
Vice President and Treasurer
Condensed, Statement of Condition December 31, 1960 CLARK M. CIJFFORD P,P " C ’
Attorney at Law Y !
Dt-cnrDrrc BARNUM L. COLTON
RESOURCES rreudant
———— EDWARD COSTIGAN
* Cash in Vault, in Federal Reserve Bank, corton and oruman company
and due from other banks $ 75,374,709.95 RL s™or R J;3 R /*?e.L?t OOLEY
U. S. Government Securities 109,844,802.10 W. CARLTON EVANS
Other Public Securities 9,026,125.77 Washington Tobacco Company I
Other Bonds 695 515 44 NORMAN B. FROST
Capital Stock of The Federal Reserve Bank r 715,500.00 . V. MANNING HOFFMAN
Loans and Discount* 115,238,027.40
■Ki Bank Premises Owned and Furniture and Fixtures 5,711,891.02
r etiorney at Law
Other Resources and Prepaid Expense* ’ 1,567,213.10 W. LEDRU KOONTZ
——* Real Estate and Insurance
Total Resources 318,173.784.78 A. D. LEWIS
Executive
United Mine Workers of America
TiADiriTivc DR. JOHN L. LEWIS
LIABILITIES BSyaieiaa ;
————— • CHARLES H. MURCHISON
n an Sttomay st Law
Demand Deposits $ 207,225.380.04 H. GABRIEL MURPHY f
Time Deposit* 69,592.968.13 Murnhy co., ine.
U. S. Government Deposit* 9,181,443.13 j. RAYMOND PYLES
Total Deposits 1285.999,791.30 ‘ WILLIAM A. ROGERS, 2ND
Other Liabilities 5,097,268.74 Addlaon Chevrolet Bales Ine., and
Barry-Pate Motor Company. Ine.
BENJAMIN T. ROME
CAPITAL FUNDS George Hyman Construction Co.
————— ROBERT P. SMITH
. Attorney at Law
Capital_s 8,130,000.00 LEONARD P. STEUART
ci L. P. Steuart. Ine.. and
Surplus 16,000,000.00 ’in
Undivided Profit. 2,558,273.50 DR.L LAWN THOMPSON, JR.
Reserve for Contingencie* 388,451.24 LE ?r*iiie?t ALSHE
—■ ■ ■ P. J. Walehe. Ine.. Real Bstata
27,076,724.74 RO Pr£ R J,’ JH’TEFORD
.?.Attorney at Law
> Total Liabilities and Capital Fund*5318,173,784.78 ILLIAMS
■u. = American Salei Company a •
’ ’ Nineteen Convenient Locations Telephone RE. 7-8700
< ? Member Federol Rowrvo Syitem • Member Federal Depoiit Inivronce Corporotion
CONSTANTINE BROWN
Soviets Seek More Appeasement
Kremlin Mouthpieces Recall Red Gains
From Stalin-Roosevelt Agreement
All the Red propaganda
organa, especially those in
Moscow, are expressing the
hope that Soviet-American
relations will improve con
siderably with John F. Ken
nedy taking over the Presi
dency. They remind their
listeners of the golden days
of Franklin D. Roosevelt with
*hom Stalin got along fa
mously.
The wishful thinking of
the Kremlin’s mouthpieces la
understandable, for our war
time President helped im
measurably the establish
ment of the present Red
colonial empire. At the his
toric Yalta conference, not
only did Mr. Roosevelt accept
the Russian demands for
establishing “friendly border
states” by practically taking
over all the previously inde
pendent countries in central
and eastern Europe, but also
paved the way for the Reds
to take over the whole of
China.
What Comrade Khrush
chev expects from the new
Democratic administration
headed by the less experi
enced President Kennedy is
hard to gauge. There is little
left to surrender to interna
tional communism by agree
ments such as were made at
Teheran and Yalta. And even
the most bitter political op
ponents of the new President
doubt that he’ will be willing
to permit new agreements
which will ultimately result
in the replacement of our
Christian civilization by the
atheistic, materialistic phi
losophy of communism. No
new direct territorial expan
sion can be asked by inter
national communism unless
THE EVENING STAR
WnhinftM, D.- C v T***day, Jwinaty 17, 1961
it is in the Southeast Asia
area which we are pledged*
to defend against being taken
over by force by the Chinese
Communists with the politi
cal support of the USSR.
Judging by the lead article
in the January issue of the
New Times, a magazine pub-'
lished In Moscow and reflect
ing the intimate thinking of
the Kremlin, the main ex
pectation of our adversaries
is to exploit the peace hun
ger in the United States and
Great Britain to convince the
Kennedy administration to
enter, into extensive negotia
tions and agreements for a
“peace in our time” along
the lines conceived by Mos
cow.
The New Times editorial
says: "We are firmly con
vinced the new year Will be
a successful one for the Soviet
foreign policy ... for every
success of Soviet policy is a
success for universal peace
and progress.” This chant.
Incidentally, is being taken
up more loudly than here
tofore by a number of
American “liberal” organiza
tions which insist that the
only alternative to co-exist
ence with the Communists is
a nuclear war.
The editorial in the New
Times spells out a number
of main points which the
Kremlin wants established
this year for the sake “of
saving” the human race.
“Humanity has before it a
very concrete program”, the
editorial says, "for the coming
12 months. The chief task
is to eliminate the menace of
nuclear war; advance toward
general and complete dis
armament; abolish colonial-
A-11
ism in whatever form or
shape and persuade or com
pel imperialists to accept
peaceful co-existence and re
nounce the policy of aggres
sion and war.” These point*
are regarded by those familiar
with the Muscovite tech
niques as the milestones for
the Soviet’s foreign policies
in 1961.
Combined with the bou
quets thrown at Mr. Kennedy
and many of his advisers and
consultants who have been
complaining in the last dec
ade about the lack of flexi
bility of our foreign policy,
the Soviet points express the
belief of the Kremlin that the,
Soviet Union can expect as
much from our new Presi
dent as they did from Frank
lin D. Roosevelt.
It is far too early to aay
whether these expectations
have any foundation of fact.
According to nonpartisan
American and foreign ob
servers. Mr. Kennedy is still
an uncertain quantity. But it
Is generally admitted that he
will not fall into any Musco
vite trap or become influenced
by the flatteries and cajol
eries of Mr. Khrushchev.
New Secretary of State
’ Dean Rusk is also an enigma
to many diplomatic observers.
But he is regarded by those
who have known and worked
with him while he was an
Assistant Secretary in the
State Department under the
Truman administration as a
realist.
The other two high priests
of diplomacy, Undersecretary
Chester Bowles and United
Nations Ambassador Adlaf
Stevenson, have in the past
strongly leaned toward a pol
icy of peaceful coexistence
rand flexibility in regard to
the Soviet Union and Com- ’
munist China.

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