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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 03, 1962, Image 1

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THE WEATHER:
District and vicinity—Partly cloudy to
night: low in the middle 30s. Fair and
mild tomorrow; high in ttye 50s. High and
low of past 24 hours: High, 33, at 1 pm
today; low, 28, at midnight.
110th Year. No. 34.
U.S. Embargoes All Cuba Trade
Man Is Killed
As Kensington
Home Burns
Body Is Found
In Basement;
Pets Also Die
A retired Navy Yard worker
died early today in a fire that
destroyed his two-story frame
home in Kensington, Md„
Montgomery County police re
ported.
The dead man, whose body
was found in the basement
three hours after the fire was
discovered, was identified as
James Tillson, 62, of 9832 Cap
itol View avenue.
A nephew, Airman Albert'
Anderson, arrived to visit his
uncle while firemen were fight
ing the blaze. He was so over
come he could not talk to re
porters.
The fire was discovered about
4:40 a.m. by a next-door neigh
bor, Mrs. Yvonne Thompson of
9830 Capitol View avenue, po
lice said.
First on the scene were Coun
ty policemen R. H. Smithers
and Douglas McPhee. Pfc.
Smithers said he and the other
policeman found flames shoot
ing from the rear of the house.
They attempted to enter the
front door but were repulsed
by flames.
Firemen from the Kensing
ton Volunteer Fire Department,
wearing masks, managed to
make their way into the burn
ing structure but were unable
at first to find Mr. Tillson.
Firemen said they were ham
pered at first by a frozen hy
drant which required at least
five minutes to thaw out.
Flames from the fire were so
intense the paint on the house
on the other side at 9900 Cap
itol View avenue was blistered.
Mrs. Thompson said she no
ticed the fire when she got up
to let her cat out.
Two pet dachshunds, Millie
and Fritzie, and two parakeets
also apparently perished in the
flames.
Police said Mr. Tillson was
alone in the house. His wife
Flora is a patient at Providence
Hospital.
Police said the fire possibly
started from a defective oil
burner. Damage was estimated
at SIO,OOO.
Cold Ground Helps
Four Hungarians Flee
VIENNA, Austria, Feb. 3
(AP). —The cold helped four
Hungarians escape across the
mine - infested Iron Curtain
border to Austria this week.
Relying on the hard-frozen
ground for protection from
buried contact mines, the refu
gees crawled under the electri
fied barbed wire and tiptoed
across the death strip. Only
a few days ago, just before the
cold set in, two refugees were
severely injured by exploding
mines and captured by Com
munist guards.
FOR TOP
HOME VALUES
SEE
THE STAR
HOME
and
REAL ESTATE
SECTION
TODAY
Every Saturday in The Star
you'll discover a wide variety
of select real estate offerings
by leading builders and bro
kers throughout the Washing
ton area.
For additional home listings,
check today’s Star Classified
Section.
W jtticninn jsfar
V J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION C-Z
Phone LI. 3-5000
"MWEiWi w|Bk..< ;
Firemen fight a stubborn blaze early today in a frame house at 9832
Capitol View avenue, Kensington, in which James Tillson, 62, died.
—Photo by Avon Chisholm.
G. O. P. Urged to Shun
"Soft on Reds' Issue
Judd Tells 'Secret' Strategy Session
Issued Is Tricky and Could Backfire
By DAVID S. BRODER
Star Staff Writer
Representative Judd. Republican of Minnesota, has told a
secret Young Republican strategy meeting to play down charges
that Democrats are “soft on communism”.
He warned some 600 students at the Young Republican:
National Leadership Training School that communism is a
"tricky” issue to handle and told them they can be tagged as
“persecutors” if “you lose your
heads, get mad” and indulge in
personal attacks on the opposi
tion.
The 1960 convention keynot
er and leading party spokes-
Young Republicans Go for Goldwater.
Page A-2
man on foreign affairs spoke
last night on the topic, “Is
Communism a Campaign
Issue? at a session of the school
in the Persian Room of the
Marriott Twin Bridges Motor
Hotel.
At Mr. Judd’s request, the
meeting was closed to the press.
Managers of the school tried
unsuccessfully to kfeep reporters
from gaining admission by re
quiring every person entering
the room to present identifi
cation and credentials.
The Minnesota lawmaker ex
plained his request for secrecy
to the group by saying he had
“never heard the coaches of
the Golden Gophers 1 University
.of Minnesota) go on television
'on Friday night to explain
what plays they are going to
use the next day.”
Republicans, he said, had lost
too many elections in the past
by explaining their strategy to
the press. “The papers are not
Freezing Rain Leaves
Roads Slick With Ice
A glistening mantle of ice
coated the Washington area to
day in the wake of a freezing
rain that moved in unexpected
ly during the night and made
driving a hazardous adventure.
Only the fact that the icing
came on Saturday saved the
area from a champion traffic
snarl. With most commuters
staying home this morning, po
lice reported only a handful of
accidents and only one traffic
tie-up on the slick streets.
Anyone who wanted to go
anywhere had the problem
first of chipping and scraping
a layer of ice off his windshield.
The ice storm began spread
ing its chill coating about 4:30
a.m. and the District Govern
ment reacted by mobilizing 60
trucks to spread sand and salt
on the bridges and main ar
teries. Deputy Sanitation Di
rector W. F. Roeder said streets
were universally slick.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1962—34 PAGES
our friends.” he added. “They
try to find out in advance what
we’re going to do, so they can
discount it.”
Mr. Judd told the Young Re
publicans from around the Na
tion who have been participat
ing in open discussions of
campaign issues and techniques
since Wednesday that he had
“no secrets to tell you and cer
tainly no bag of tricks.”
Actually, his private com
ments to the Republicans were
more generous to the Demo
crats, at some points, than a
number of his public speeches
have been.
He praised Secretary of State
Rusk, indorsed the Alliance for
Progress and the Peace Corps,
called for a policy of patience
with Castro and even credited
President Kennedy for boost
ing American prestige from its
“all-time low last September.”
Mr. Judd said communism
was a valid campaign issue be
cause the two parties have im
portant differences in their
policies for coping with what
he called “our greatest threat.”
“Republicans haven't been be
fuddled,” he jaid. “There
haven’t been any of us who
See REPUBLICANS, Page A-2
: Prince Georges County put
■ into effect its Snow Plan 1,
: which bans driving on marked
snow routes without snow tires
! or chains.
The Weather Bureau said the
: freezing rain, combined with
> some sleet, was general to the
: north and to the southeast of
; Washington.
; The meterological explana-
■ tion of what happened is that
1 a layer of warm air moved in
from the west, colliding with
> the subfreezing fround temper -
i atures over Washington, Mary
: land and Virginia. An official
. .04 inches of rain fell, freezing
■ I solid as it reached the surface,
i where 29 degrees of tempera
• ture prevailed during the night,
i The forecaster said, however.
, the temperature would rise into
the lower 40s before the day
ends. No more rain is in sight
; and tomorrow will be fair and
warmer.
Police Tighten
Paris Security
Rightists Warned
On Any Uprising
PARIS, Feb. 3 (AP).—Armed
police patrols tightened security
in Paris today after the govern
ment warned French rightists
that any attempt to block Presi
dent Charles de Gaulle’s plans;
for peace in Algeria would be
i beaten down by force.
I Cruising slowly through Paris
streets, the patrols checked
suspicious vehicles and pedes-;
trians as tensions mounted:
amid reports France and the
Algerian rebels were near ac
cord on Algerian independence.
During the night a bomb ex
plosion, apparently the work of
the right-wing Secret Army Or
ganization pledged to keep Al
geria French, damaged the
home of Socialist Senator Gas
ton Deferre, who is also Mayor
of Marseille. He was not at
his Paris home.
Six Killed in Algiers
In Algiers, European and
Moslem terrorists struck with
gun and knife attacks, killing
six persons and wounding two.
Also gunmen raided a subur
ban post office, seizing the
equivalent of $32,000. The se
cret army ras been robbing
banks and commercial firms to
build up its cash reserves.
The French capital was quiet
as dawn broke. There were no
signs in downown areas Os the
much heralded 32 tanks and
100 other military vehicles or
dered to reinforce Paris secu-
I rity units before Gen. de Gaulle
speaks to the nation Monday
night. An unconfirmed report
jsaid the reinforcements will be
kept at military camps on the
[edge of the city, poised to move
into town should trouble erupt.
De Gaulle Silent
Interior Minister Roger Frey
said he could not “exclude a
very limited attempt at disor
der.” But he told the news
paper Paris Presse I’lntransig
eant that "with the mechanism
I have on hand, any attempt
of this nature will be crushed."
Gen. de Gaulle kept to him
self what he will say in his
Monday night radio-TV ad
dress which will be beamed
throughout France and Algeria.
But it appeared doubtful he
could disclose any final solu
tion to the North African re
bellion, now in its eighth year.
Soviet Trawler Sinks
WICK. Scotland. Feb. 3
•AP>.—A Soviet trawler sank
today in a fierce gale off the
remote Shetland island of Fet
lar. The crew of 20 abandoned
I the trawler after it crashed on
1 rocks last night.
Frondizi Hits
Critics of His
Cuba Policy
Defiantly Defends
Refusal to Back
Ouster From OAS
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina,
Feb. 3 (AP). —President Arturo
Frondizi bitterly assailed “in
ternational reactionaries” today
and defiantly defended Argen
tina’s refusal to vote for ex
pelling Cuba from the OAS at
the Punte del Este conference.
In a speech at Parana, Mr.
Frondizi declared he accepts
full responsibility for Argen
tina’s stand that brought angry
military demands for an imme
diate break in relations with
Fidel Castro’s Cuba.
In speaking of reactionaries,
Mr. Frondizi referred to oppo
nents of his government’s posi-1
tion and declared "I will die”
in defense of Argentina’s dig
nity.
He defended Argentina, Bra
zil, Chile, Ecuador and Mexico
for abstaining on the vote to
expel Cuba from the councils
of the Organization of Ameri
can States.
Warning to U. S.
He said that against stern
opposition, the six-nation bloc
stood its ground to defend the
legal rights of the OAS and
“the basic principles of self
determination and noninter
vention.’’
In a warning to the United
States and 13 Latin nations
which voted to expel Cuba, he
said the renunciation of these
principles could plunge the
hemisphere into “the law of the
jungle.”
The President’s surprising
speech, coming after he ap
peared to have bowed to the
pressure of military leaders,
was expected to add fuel to the
military crisis in Argentina.
A government communique
had announced that Argentina
now favored the ouster of Cuba
from the inter-Araerican sys
tem “as soon as possible.”
Ambassador Recalled
And yesterday Mr. Frondizi;
had summoned home his Am- i
bassador to Cuba, Julio
Amoedo, in an apparent first
step toward a break in diplo
matic relations.
A communique issued by the!
presidential palace last night
made it clear Argentina would’
vote in favor of ousting Cuba!
jfrom the hemispheric family of
! nations when the matter comes,
up before the council of the
Organization of American
States.
I Mr. Frondizi’s communique
. pledged the Argentine govern
ment “will comply strictly and
within all the resolutions
' adopted at Punta del Este.”
' It added: “The abstention of
Argentina did not mean that
Argentina was breaking its sol
i idarity with the other nations
. who voted on this resolution.”
Early Action Favored
The communique declared the
expulsion of Cuba “must be
carried out as soon as possible.”
Some delegates at the Punta
del Este conference expressed
: doubt there could be a quick
expulsion of Cuba, because they
said, there were no provisions
: for it in the OAS charter.
While Mr. Frondizi appar
ently had averted an open clash
1 with his military leaders, the
See ARGENTINA, Page A-2
INDIAN THRONGS FEAR DOOMSDAY
Does This Mean the End?
NEW DELHI, India, Feb. 3
(AP). Terrified Indians
plunged into icy sacred rivers,
lit sacrificial fires or prayed by
the hundreds of thousands
along roadsides today in. what
they believed to be their Uth
hour attempt to head off
doomsday.
Because of a rare alignment
of six planets (the earth in
cluded) with the sun and the
moon, Indian astrologers have
warned that in the next three
days the earth “will be bathed
in the blood of thousands of
kings.” They set the period of
doom between 5:35 p.m. <7:05
a.m., EST) today through
Monday.
In some parts of India and
neighboring Nepal there were
reports of near panic with
families huddling to be together
when and if the end should
come.
Prime Minister Nehru has
been warned to take extra pre
cautions. but he pooh-poohed
the warnings.
In New Delhi, business \!
slumped badly. Railroads ran,
with few passengers. Thousands I
Gizenga Flown to Exile
In Sleepy Sea Resort
LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo,
Feb. 3 (AP).—Antoine Gizenga
was transferred under guard to
an exile by the sea early to
day, reliable Congolese sources
report.
Congolese troops and police
patrolled the African quarter
during the night to ward off
threatened demonstrations by
the pro-Communist leader’s
dwindling body of supporters. A
battalion of troops and several
squad cars had been brought to
the capital from the garrison
town of Thysville in case of
trouble.
In the hot afternoon sun to
day, neither a Gizengist dem
onstration nor a . planned
march of Leopoldville’s unem
ployed workers came off.
Mr. Gizenga was flown to the
seaside town of Moanda at
dawn. Some government offi
cials said he was under arrest,
others insisted it was merely
protective custody—all agreed
he would be somewhat less
than a carefree tourist in the
sleepy resort town.
The transfer presumably was
a precautionary measure to re
move him from the scene of
any opposition that might de
velop to the central govern
ment the Lumumbist had tried
to defy.
The government already has
appointed a jury of three for
eign doctors to watch over the
former Deputy Premier’s shaky
health—including an American,
Dr. William Close, a member of
the Moral Rearmament team in
Leopoldville.
A march of unemployed had
been called yesterday, to dram
atize Leopoldville’s sorry eco
nomic plight just before
McNamara Won't Yield
On Names of Censors
By CECIL HOLLAND
Star Staff Writer
A Senate subcommittee and
the Kennedy administration re
mained at loggerheads today
over the subcommittee’s de
mand for names of Pentagon
censors who reviewed par
ticular speeches of some mil
itary leaders.
A 45-minute conference yes
terday by Secretary of Defense
McNamara and Senators Sten
nis of Mississippi and Thur
mond of South Carolina, Dem
ocrats, failed to resolve the dis
pute. Another meeting will be
held next week.
Senator Stennis is chairman
and Senator Thurmond a mem
ber of the Senate Armed Servi- '
ces subcommittee investigating '
charges that defense leaders
have been “muzzled” in talking j
about the threat of communism.:
Thurmond Stands Firm
Senator Thurmond, who in
spired the investigation, was -
reported by informed sources. 1
to have refused during the con-!
ference to budge from his de- :
mands and accept an alterna- :
tive proposal. ['
This proposal was that Sec- 1
retary McNamara would ob- 1
tain the information and relay! l
that to the subcommittee. Sen-J
ator Thurmond, it was under- 1
stood, insisted that the cen- 1
sors, themselves, should be I 1
called for questioning. j ■
The Senator has said he I
wants to ask them about!'
changes and deletions, which he j !
contends, softened statements! ■
on communism.
The present conflict was de-
/ / S’'"” •**ARS\ \
/ // / /•vtNUS \\ \ \
(((W
\ \ \\ X. •" |,CU *’ r / / / /
\ \ • “ OON / / /
\ / /
Drawing shows how
the earth and its
neighbor planets will
appear in a relatively
straight line Monday,
the first time since
1821. AP Drawing.
stayed home from offices and
schools.
Pandits—learned men versed
in ancient Hindu scriptures—
mumbled prayers over fires
kept going with butter, grains
of camphor and sandalwood
powder.
Saturday
Final
Home Delivered: r
Daily and Sunday, per month, 2.25 U tents
ANTOINE GIZENGA
—AP Wirephoto
Premier Cyrille Adoula’s speech:
to the United Nations Assembly |
in New York. The economic |
hardship undeniably exists, but
the demonstration has yet to
materialize.
U. N. sources, meanwhile, said
President Moise Tshombe of
Katanga has submitted a list
of mercenaries allegedly serving
in Katanga, as he promised to
do. But the list, the informants
said, has proved to be totally
out of date and inaccurate, in
cluding names of individuals
known to have returned to Eu
rope or been killed in the U. N.
Katanga campaigns. U. N. head
quarters called this to the Ka
tanga President’s attention and
requested a more accurate list
in fulfillment of Mr. Tshombe’s
promise to rid his regime of all
mercenaries.
scribed by one source as “a
preliminary skirmish.”
The subcommittee and Sen
ator Thurmond in particular
was said to be more interested
in questioning State Depart
ment officials about the changes
they ordered than in examin
ing the Pentagon censors.
The State Department has
announced that it will follow
Mr. McNamara’s lead and re
fuse to disclose the names of
those who reviewed particular
speeches. Whatever action re
sults from the discussions with
Mr. McNamara was expected
to set an example for what
the State Department does.
Most of the deletions and
changes criticized by Senator
Thurmond and others resulted
from State Department action,
! according to testimony before
jthe subcommittee.
Thurmond's Contention
The State Department has
no reviewing section as such
and speeches were checked for
their foreign policy implications,
it was understood, by officials
in various State Department
offices. Senator Thurmond has
contended in the public hear
ings that changes and dele
tions were made in line with
policy decisions not generally
known and not through caprice
and individual judgment or the
individual judgment of the cen
sor.
After yesterday’s conference,
Senator Stennis issued a state-
I ment for himself, Secretary Mc-
Namara and Senator Thurmond
which said they had met for
See INQUIRY, Page A-2
One of India’s richest indus
trialists, Ramakrishna Dalmia,
led mass prayer meetings in a
New Delhi fort.
On srteet corners, astrologers,
palmists and almanac sellers
ranked in small fortunes ped
dling prophesies of individual
doom or survival
One of India's famous astrol
ogers. 77-year-old Pandit Yam
unadhar Jyotishi, came through
with a ray of hope at least for
India and some other Asian
countries but said some west
ern nations remained in grave
danger.
James S. Pickering of the
Hayden planetarium in New
York said he had been receiv
ing 25 to 30 telephone calls for
the past couple of we’ks from
worriers.
"We are just telling them
i what the natural scientific
cause of the configuration is:
I The normal motions of the
. planets in their orbits,” he said.
> “If you have planets in differ-j
s ent orbits about the sun, they
I are bound to line up at one
time or another.”
Kennedy Acts
To Implement
OAS Decision
Move Deprives
Castro Regime of
Dollar Exchange
By EARL H. VOSS
Star Staff Writer
President Kennedy today an
nounced an embargo on trade
between the United States and
Cuba effective next Wednesday.
On humanitarian grounds,
exports to Cuba of food, medi
cines and medical supplies are
to be excepted from the em
bargo.
A White House announce
ment today said the embargo
was being imposed “in accord
ance with the decisions of the
recent meeting of Foreign Min
isters of the Inter-American
system” at Punta del Este,
' Uruguay.
| Cuba thus will be deprived of
dollar exchange it has received
from sales in the United States,
, principally in tobacco. This
I amounts to about $35 million
a year.
To Aid Tampa
Secretary of Labor Goldberg
will immediately make avail
able all types of aid to the 6.000
to 7,000 employes of the Tampa
cigar industry, expected to be
hardest hit by the embargo.
I Tampa cigar manufacturers
; claim the? pannot find suitable
■ substitute tobacco leaf for the
Cuban tobacco they have used
until now.
Officials said it is not the
; United States intention to dis
rupt air traffic between the
i United States and Havana, or
I other forms of communication.
The move was the first
United States action follow
i ing the decision of Western
j Hemisphere foreign ministers
j this week to exclude Cuba from
the Organization of American
States because of its ties with
the Communist bloc.
I In addition to tobacco. Amer
! ican purchases from Cuba have
I been in lobster, fruit and
| vegetables. Sugar purchases
i from Cuba were ended during
! the Eisenhower administration.
U. S. Food Available
Under the new decision. Cuba
still will be able to buy United
States foods and drugs if the
Castro regime wishes. Thus the
United States hopes to pre
serve its principle of avoiding
harm to the Cuban people
\ while striking at the Castro
Communist regime.
United States exports of food
and medical supplies to Cuba
amounted to $13.6 million in
the first 11 months of 1961.
Secretary of State Rusk re
ported Thursday that the
United States has evidence
Cuba is spending dollars to
foment subversion in other
Latin American countries.
Then, in a televised report
to the Nation last night, Mr
Rusk emphasized again the
unity of the hemisphere in the
objective of isolating Castro
Cuba.
Reporting on his 12-day
meeting with Latin American
foreign ministers at Punta del
Este. Uruguay, Secretary Rusk
listed seven accomplishments:
1. Twenty American repub
lics unanimously named the
Castro- Communist offensive
in Cuba a “present danger” to
the unity and freedom of the
hemisphere.
2. The hemisphere foreign
ministers agreed unanimously
to exclude intervention by pow
ers outside the hemisphere and
labeled the Cuban government
a Marxist-Leninist regime in
compatible with the American
system.
3. Two-thirds of the govern
ments agreed to exclude Cuba
from participation in the inter-
American system.
4. The foreign ministers
agreed unanimously to oust
Cuba from the Inter-American
Defense Board and special ma
chinery was established to
block Communist subversive
activities emanating from Cuba.
5. The ministers agreed unan-
See POLICY, Page A-2
CHURCH OFFERS
STUDY HALL
A CHURCH in Northeast Wash
ington is helping students of an
elementary school get better grades
by providing them a study hall.
The story is on Page A-6.
Guide for Readers
Amuse’ts B 10-11 Lost, Found _ . A-3
Church A 6-9 Music A-21
Classified A-14-19 Obituary A-10
Comics A-20-21 Real Estate B-l-12
Crossword A-20 Society ... A-21
Editorial ... A-4 Sports A-11-13
Editorial TV-Radio __B-11
Articles A-5 Weather A-2
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