Continued from page 5
Dr. Joanne Starr Malkus, at 37 a full professor of
meteorology at the University of California, has won
fame for pioneering in the use of specially instru
mented aircraft for studying clouds, storms and hurri
Dr. Elsie Quartermain, an authority on ecology (the
study of the relationship of plants and animals to their
environments), has made a specialty of analyzing the
pine forests of the South, and her research into the ef
fect of shade on pines has revolutionized lumbering
methods there. She heads the Department of Bacteriol
ogy, Botany and Zoology at Vanderbilt University.
Dr. Grace Hopper of the Remington-Rand Corp, was
a student at Vassar when she decided mathematics was
her forte. She has since gone on to pioneer in automatic
electronic computer programming, and her theories
permit computers to “teach” themselves complicated
tasks in American industry.
Dr. Chien Shiung Wu of Columbia University left
her native China to study physics in the United States.
Regarded as one of the foremost experimental physi
cists of the century, she became the first woman ever to
receive an honorary doctorate of physics from Prince
ton University. She is the mother of a teen-age son.
Dr. Dorethy Hood, head of toxicology for the Haskell
Laboratory for Toxicology and Industrial Medicine, is
in charge of testing all the products of the DuPont com
pany before they are introduced to the public.
Dr. Eleanors Bliss Knopf of Stanford University,
who specializes in structural geology, has contributed
both to the mining industry and to theories on the
causes of earthquakes.
Mrs. Rita Sagalyn, an atmospheric physicist, is re
nowned for her work with Aerobee-Hi research rockets
at Hanscom Field, Mass.
Dr. Gladys Anderson Emerson, professor of nutri
tion at the University of California, started out wanting
to be an actress in 1921. When she was cast as an imbe
cile in Shakespeare's “As You Like It,” her acting am
bition collapsed. She took up the study of nutrition in
stead, and today is famed as a biochemist credited with
many discoveries of the effects of vitamin deficiencies
on the human body.
Dr. Ethel Browne Harvey, of Woods Hole (Mass.)
Oceanographic Institute, widowed mother of two sons,
has been a biologist most of her life. For the last 30
years, she has been analyzing animal cell structures,
part of which work involves studying sea-urchin eggs
measuring only 74/1000ths of a millimeter in diameter.
Dr. Libbie H. Hyman, zoologist of the. American
Museum of Natural History, who began her career in
formally as a child watcher of butterflies, is recognized
as this country’s leading authority on invertebrate
organisms. She has been preparing for 30 years a trea
tise called “The Invertebrates” (five volumes com
pleted) which will be the most comprehensive work of
its kind in English.
Dr. Mrry Sears,Woods Hole oceanographer, has de
voted her life to studies of the sea and its effect on land
masses. Dr. Sears, incidentally, regards this science as
highly suitable for women. She points out that in Russia
50 per cent of all oceanographers are women, while the
ratio in the United States is but 1 per cent.
The women described on these pages give only an
inkling of woman’s potential in science and technology.
Let a woman have the final say, as women usually do-
Lillian M. Johnson, president of the National Associa
tion of Women's Deans and Counselors and Dean of
Women of the University of Cincinnati:
“American women have never been parasites. In
pioneer times, they performed their fair share of essen
tial work. The challenge of our day is to break the bonds
of ignorance and assure freedom for all, and women
must play a leading role in this struggle.
“Science more than ever holds the key to our future.
All women who possess the ability to make a contribu
tion in scientific fields need to be motivated and edu
cated to fill their responsibility.”
SUNDAY GROUP PHOTOS
STAR PHOTOS BY ELWOOD BAKER
DR. GLADYS A. EMERSON
Vitamins and the human body
DR. ETHEL BROWNE HARVEY
Inundated by sea research
DR. MARY SEARS
Studies living cells at Woods Hole
SUNDAY. THE STAR MAGAZINE. WASHINGTON. D. C.. FEBRUARY 4. IHH2
DR. LIBBIE HYMAN
Invertebrates are a lifetime's work
I RBMlfr ■ 1
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