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With Daily Evening Edition Published by THI EVENING STAR NEWSPAPER COMPANY WASHINGTON 3, D. C. Samuel H. KauHmann President Benjamin M. McKelway Editor MAIN OFFICE. 2nd St. and Virginia Ave. St. (3) EUROFEAN BUREAU— PARIS. FRANCE. 21 Rue De Serrl ADVERTISING OFFICES— NEW YORK. 529 Fifth Ave. (17) CHICAGO. 333 N Michigan Ave. (1) DETROIT. New Center Building (2) SAN FRANCISCO. 11l Sutler St. LOS ANGELES. 3340 Wilthire Blvd. (5) MIAMI BEACH. 4014 Chase Ave. 140) PARIS. FRANCE.,2I Rue De Berrl Delivered by Carrier Evening and Sunday Sunday Evening Monthly 2.25 Per Issue .20 Monthly 160 Weekly .32 Weekly .37 Rates by Mail—Payable in Advance Anywhere In the United States Evening and Sunday Sunday Evening 1 year ... 28 06 1 year ... 12 00 1 year 18 00 6 months 14 50 6 months... 6.30 6 months 923 3 months 7.50 3 months ... 3-50 3 months 4.73 1 month 2.60 1 month ... 1.30 1 month .... 200 Telephone: Lincoln 3-5000 Entered at the Post Othre. Washington, D. C. os second class mail matter. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of oil the local news printed in this newspaper os well os A. P. news dispatches. C-4 SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 4,1962 Confirming Mr. McCone When the last speech had been made, the Senate voted 71 to 12 to confirm John A. McCone as the new director of the Central Intelligence Agency. An announcement of the posi tions of 16 absentee Senators revealed that the vote would have been 84 to 15 had they been present. This overwhelming vote of confi dence In Mr. McCone, as he takes over his new and very important duties, should be reassuring to the American people. This is the more desirable since there seems to have been a studied effort in some segments of the press to discredit him and destroy public confidence in his fitness for the job. The 12 Senators who actually voted against Mr. McCone raised a variety ' of objections—that he lacked experi ence in intelligence work, that he Is temperamentally unsuited for the post, that his views on foreign policy are not sufficiently well known, etc. All of these points were effectively answered, we thought, in the course of the Senate debate. Even more effectively dealt with was the principal club used to belabor him—an alleged conflict of interest. This alleged conflict grew out of the fact that Mr. McCone is a large stockholder in several corporations—in short, that he is a man of some wealth. Senator Russell, chairman of the Armed Services Committee, which held hearings on the McCone nomination, answered this by pointing out that the CIA, as distinguished from the Defense Department, for example, has only minor procurement functions—that it is not engaged to any significant degree in negotiating purchase contracts with firms in which Mr. McCone might have a stock interest. Senator Symington un derscored this by calling attention to •the fact the general counsel of CIA, in an opinion concurred in by the Justice Department, had held that no conflict of interest existed. Finally, Senator Russell stated that Mr. McCone was “very frank’’ in discussing this matter before his committee; that while the nominee did not think there was any conflict, he nevertheless offered to dispose of his holdings, if the com mittee wished, as he had done upon becoming chairman of the Atomic En ergy Commission under President Elsen hower. The decision against requiring divestment, Senator Russell emphasized, was the committee’s, not Mr. McCone’s. It seems to us that it is desirable to have this fact on record so that Mr. McCone, in undertaking what at best will be a difficult assignment, will not be handicapped by any doubt in the public mind as to his integrity or his attitude with respect to the conflict of-interest question. Time for a Change? A Republican Party that sometimes seems determined to preserve its mi nority status might find a prescription for better political health in the advice offered by former President Eisenhower to the G. O. P. fund-raising dinners. For the Gettysburg soldier-farmer is more Impatient than many of his party colleagues with the dreary won and-lost record of Republicanism in the last thirty years. Because of his own personal popularity—a factor which he did not mention—the G. O. P. has scored its only two presidential vic tories in three decades. Over the same ' period, it has controlled Congress for only four years and its onetime pre dominance in State capitols and city halls is merely a memory. In his discussion of this record and what might be done to improve the party’s showing in the future, General Eisenhower has spoken some basic truths and ones that are no less com pelling simply because they are virtu ally self-evident. As any realistic poli tician knows, organization and effort down to the precinct level and con tinuing through the D-days for voting are essential to winning elections— local or national. Even these qualities can be lifeless and ineffective if not spiced with the enthusiasm that is best inspired by an able party leadership and a belief in party philosophy. General Eisenhower suggests that his party had better search for these political resources—first of a’’, by avoid ing the posture of habitual defensive ness, by finding Intelligent and person able leaders and by refreshing its “marketing system’’ to give Its sales manship a new appeal. It is relatively easy, no doubt, to diagnose and pre scribe; less easy to see that the “med icine” is taken. At the moment, the G. O. P. seems more bemused about the identity of its 1964 presidential nominee than alert to the problem and importance of demonstrating a new capacity for winning in the congres sional contests next fall. If it turns In another dismal showing this year, there will be some who may too late re member Its only big winner In thirty years as a prophet not without honor, save In his own party. Kashmir Again The United Nations Security Coun cil has done the sensible thing in postponing debate on the perennial question of Kashmir. Pakistan had re quested the Council to deal with the subject on an urgent basis, but it failed to show the need for such a procedure at this time, and so the matter has been put on the shelf until after India’s general elections a few weeks from now. According to the Pakistani com plaint, some of India’s most prominent political leaders, including Defense Min ister Krishna Menon, have recently voiced threats to resort to military action—as in the case of Portuguese Goa—to “liberate” Kashmir. Moreover, again according to the complaint, these threats have been followed up by menacing Indian troop movements. In reply, however, India’s representative before the Council has denied that any such movements have been made against Pakistan, and he has flatly asserted that his country “will not use force” to take over the disputed territory. This complex and potentially ex plosive issue, of course, is a familiar one to the U. N. Ever since the late 19405, it has frequently been placed on the Security Council’s agenda, but no progress worthy of the name has yet been made toward a mutually satisfac tory settlement. Pakistan, which holds a third of the territory as against the two-thirds held by India, has been asking over the years for a plebiscite to let Kashmir’s people (predominantly Moslem, as are the Pakistanis) decide for themselves which of the two coun tries they wish to belong to. Byway of contrast, India, which is predomin antly Hindu, and which feels that it is legally, morally, culturally and his torically entitled to regard the territory as part of itself, has steadfastly refused to assent to such a plebiscite. Pakistan thus has the advantage of the argument In at least one im portant respect—willingness to accept the decision of a free and democratic vote. Still, the Kashmir issue is too Involved to be reduced to simple black and-white terms in which one side may accurately be described as wholly right and the other as wholly wrong. The debate in that sense Is likely to con tinue for a long time. The best that can be hoped for is that It will not explode Into warfare while the search for a peaceful settlement goes on. Free-Wheeling Brokers The majority of investment brokers in Washington are capable and trust worthy. It is a shocking fact, however, that the lack of adequate local control and regulation has made the District of Columbia a mecca for shady and incom petent operators—promoters whose lack of experience, lack of resources or questionable practices make them poor and often dangerous risks for investors. No less than a third of our investment firms possess deficiencies which would disqualify them in other jurisdictions. Intensive investigations of Wash ington dealers in stocks and bonds are now under way by Federal and private agencies. But for the most part there is little public awareness of the dangers which still exist. In the first of a series of articles beginning in The Star today, Reporter Miriam Ottenberg places these dangers in perspective—the shoddy and unethical practices, the losses of savings which have resulted from them, the root causes of the problem, and some of the remedies. We believe there is much to commend these disclosures to our readers. We believe, too, that these articles demonstrate clearly the need for some form of corrective legislation. It is significant that throughout the Nation only two States and the District of Columbia lack local laws—the so-called “Blue Sky Laws”—which are designed to safeguard those who invest their savings in stocks and bonds. Overdue Expansion In the 16 years since George Wash ington University Hospital at Washing ton Circle opened its doors, the demands of community service have steadily in creased the need for Improved and expanded facilities. It is gratifying, therefore, that a House District subcom mittee has approved legislation, conso nant with Federal assistance to other Washington hospitals, to provide a $2.5 million grant to help bear the costs of a $5 million addition. These funds would Increase the ca pacity of the hospital by 100 beds, and provide modernized surgical and related facilities which are needed to enhance both the teaching and the treatment functions of the institution. The bill to provide Federal assistance was drafted by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, after Secretary Ribicoff became convinced of the urgency of the project. Especially heartening also is the support of House Speaker McCormack, who has maintained a continuing inter est in the welfare of hospitals in the Nation’s Capital, and who frequently has expressed pride in the role which Con gress has played in their growth and development. Wk X V'a Mm X UX’r WUWfrToH stAR. 'You'll Be Smoking Less but Enjoying It More!' LETTERS TO THE STAR Salaries and Rents The President is to be com mended for taking a positive stand in improving conditions of Government workers. His recognition of their unions, with employe representatives to assist in solving grievances is an advancement in person nel administration. Also, granting non - veteran em ployes the same rights of ap peal as employes who are war veterans is a belated correc tion of an obvious discrim ination as well as a cause of demoralization. The President is seeking a Government pay raise avowedly to make salaries comparable for similar work in private industry. On its face this is splendid. But it may create a vicious finan cial circle resulting in little or no real increase. Thou sands of Government workers must rent houses or apart ments. Many of these are at the mercy of landlords, who rent by the month and re fuse to give long term or an nual leases. They may charge rents all out of proportion to their capital investment. Thus salary Increases not only may add an unfair fi nancial burden upon the ten ant but may abet inflation. The thoughtless answer is to let the tenant move. But move where? Can he afford the cost of moving? How does he know that the new land lord will prove any better than the one he left? Actual ly, competition in construc ting dwellings is remote in obtaining a fair rent for the individual tenant, particular ly for low and average rentals in the Metropolitan Area. One answer is to establish a permanent rent-control agency for this area. It would protect the capital investment of the landlord and the fi nancial interest of the tenant. Today the latter may be the victim of a financial squeeze. There are some fair land lords. Rent controls should not be objectionable to them. Already some landlords are sending out notices of in crease in rent without pro viding additional improve ments or services. Salary in creases, to be real, must be protected against such un warranted increases in rents and other necessities, and against inflation. Julian Fahy. Genocide Pact Howell Bell, In a letter opposing the Genocide Con vention. is a forceful spokes man for isolationism, con servativism, and extreme na tionalism. Mr. Bell says: "This great est of all governmental doc uments (the Constitution), has protected the innocent and condemned the guilty for almost 200 years.’’ He seems to overlook our entire Federal structure, which has likewise been in existence for 200 years. Under this Federal system, the police powers; i.e., "the powers to protect the innocent and condemn the guilty” and to insure the health, safety, and mor als of the populace, have been reserved to the States. Thus it is obvious that "our great Constitution” has real ly very little to do with this issue. The problem of pre-. venting and controlling gen ocide has historically been laid in the laps of the States. • Genocide, as used above, encompasses a broader area than the acts committed by the Nazis.) But have these States been negligent in their duty? The obvious complac ency in enforcing civil rights sufficiently answers this ques tion. Mr. Bell is opposed to “giv ing up one iota of the sov ereignty of this Nation,” which he implies would be an inevitable outcome of the ratification of the Genocide Convention. I call attention to Article VI of the Conven tion: “Persons charged with genocide or any of the other acts enumerated in Article 111 shall be tried by a com petent tribunal of the State Pen names may be used if letters carry writers’ correct names and addresses. All let ters are subject to condensa tion. Those not used will be returned only when accom panied by self - addressed, stamped envelopes. in the territory of which the act was committed. . ..” Thus if an American citizen were charged with “causing men tal harm to members of a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group,” he would, and should under this treaty, be tried within the United States. An “international penal tribunal” is merely a second alternative, which does not necessarily Impose itself. Baruch Fellner. Admires 'Spires' Thanks for the series “Spires of the Spirit” by Dr. Frederick Brown Harris, which appears each week in The Sunday Star. These eloquent little ser mons bring us the message of faith, hope and charity which we so much need in these trying days. They bring us courage in adversity, they fan the spark of nobility which is present in every hu man heart, however it may be obscured by our habitual orneriness; they shame us into a larger humanity, a keener awareness of our re sponsibility to God and man; they evoke a delighted re sponse in our esthetic percep tions by their concinnity and their elevation of thought; they remind us of the un changing spiritual verities which the news of the day seems to hold in such low esteem; they humble us with the realization that there is really no excuse for our fail ure to turn in a better per formance. In the frantic competition for space which constantly bedevils you it is a measure of the stature of your news paper that room is found for Dr. Harris’ department. The Star and its readers would be the poorer without it. C. Glenn Whitlock. Oakton, Va. Fine Free Concert I don’t know where music loving D. C. area residents were when the Marine Corps Band gave its magnificent concert at the Departmental Auditorium on January 31 but at $lO a seat it would have been well worth the money. Maybe because it was free, the residents were afraid it wasn’t worth the effort to venture forth on a cold evening! Please let the band’s as sistant director Captain King know that the small audience was tremendously apprecia tive of the fine musical pro gram they presented and we’ll do our best to tell the public they are missing a fine mu sical experience in the con certs. Mrs. Leslie E. Sauve. Cost of Living Although we have made great strides in increasing productive capacity of prac tically every known commod ity, the price of everything continues to climb. The prices of necessities . have multiplied four times in less than eight years due to the greed of the gangsters who control organized labor. The prices of necessities should, in the very nature of things, have been greatly re duced, but the labor leaders, (so called) have grabbed everything for themselves, and to blazes with the people. One who retired eight years ago, and still receives the same annuity today as he re ceived eight years ago. must try to live upon about one fourth of the buying power today that he had eight years ago. Economists never mention that much of our unemploy i ment is due to the fact that many of our people cannot afford to buy even the bare necessities. W. F. Smith. Role of Military No public speeches of any kind by officers of the armed forces should be permitted. Nor should they be allowed to indoctrinate military per sonnel. All this must remain the privilege and the function of the politicians and civilian officials and of the nonmil itary citizens. The reason for this rule is very simple and convincing. All we have to do is look around us and see the omi nous conditions in France, where the underground secret army and army officers have been trying to overthrow the government for many years. Similar conditions of army control exist in many South American countries, where military juntas try to take over civilian governments any time they disagree with them. Right now generals in Ar gentina object to the par ticular role (right or wrong) their government maintained at the OAS meeting in Uru guay and they want Presi dent Frondizi to resign. There fore, we cannot permit such intolerable and dangerous conditions to become predom inant in the United States of America. Otherwise any time our generals disagree with decisions of Congress or the President their armored cars and tanks would ramble down Pennsylvania avenue and they would dic tate to the people w'hat to do and take over the Govern ment. W. O. Schrader. FROM THE STAR FILES... 100 Years Ago There was little singleness of purpose in the North's ' manner of conducting its war with the South a century ago. Part of the Union Army was fighting while the rest was marking time, and Presi dent Lincoln was setting a bad example with lavish lev ees at the Executive Mansion. A Union fleet, commanded by Flag Officer Andrew Foote, shelled Fort Henry, on the Tennessee River, into surren der on February 6, 1862, and a few days later Gen. Am brose Burnside and Commo dore Louis Goldsborough teamed up to take Roanoke Island, N. C. All this while the Union Army’s Chief of Staff, Gen. George McClel lan continued to live it up with oyster and champagne suppers. "Little Mac” pro voked Secretary of War Stan ton to protest that the Army of the Potomac "has got to fight or run away!” Yet Stanton himself, along with the rest of the Cabinet, and practically everybody who was anybody in Washington, was present the night of Feb ruary 5, 1862, at an elaborate White House reception. In deed, The Star said the next day it was “by far the most brilliant and successful affair of the kind ever experienced here.” After naming the gen erals 'McClellan, Fremont, Heintzleman, Fitz John Por ter. Blenker, Hancock, Hooker, McDowell, etc.) the Congress men, diplomats and other notables in attendance, this paper reported: "...Having passed through the rooms in promenade, the President (with the daughter of his old friend Illinois Senator Orville Browning on his arm, and with the Senator escorting Mrs. Lincoln) led off in the direction of the supper-room. The guests following were struck with admiration by the scene presented. The cel ebrated caterer, Maillard, of New York, who has been here in person for days, with his headwaiter, waiters, cocks and artists in confectionary, had evidently asserted him self to give Washington a taste of his quality, and the SPIRES OF THE SPIRIT Noble Anger By DR. FREDERICK BROWN HARRIS Chaplain or the United Statee Senate There is a wrath which is noble. There is an anger which is ignoble. The anger which is noble marches with out reckoning the cost against the wrong which is attempting to crush truth to earth The anger which is ignoble is a blaze often fed by personal resentment and a passion for vengeance. There is an indignation which flames against iniquity half a world away but which is not ignited by flagrant ’ evil within sight of one's own doorstep. There are hosts of Americans who are vehement in their castigation of the crucifixion of human dignity and of individual rights be hind iron and bamboo cur tains. But too often these same volcanic protesters of blatant evil abroad are calm and complacent at the fate ful inroads of moral termites which are gnawing away at the very life of our Republic. Debauching books which are cesspools of immoral filth corrupt teenagers, alco hol which is threatening the health and moral fiber of our people like an insidious plague now reckons among its casualties over a million women, parental and juvenile delinquency are the harvest of secularized homes, materi alism which is as godless as any foreign brand blasphemes our national spiritual birth right. These and other ominous symptoms Ignored in many glowing national . health reports, raise not the ire or blood pressure of those seemingly oblivious to these portents of the future. The trouble is there are not enough angry Americans. Referring to the terrible in roads which organized crime is now making in our so called way of life a news paper columnist recently said, “Any group of honest men, when they get mad enough, can drive out crime and make an awful lot of trouble for criminals.” Something is sure to hap pen when determined men, facing evils which degrade and defile human life, get as angry as was William Lloyd Garrison when he cried out to those who tried to silence his potent voice, “I will not equivocate, I will not excuse, I will not retreat a single inch, and I will be heard.” An old proverb declares “You can always tell the size of a man by the size of the things that make him mad.” Jesus never branded anger as something heinous and bad in itself. Anger, He taught, is a fire and like all fire is dangerous-it must be kept within control. Out bursts of petulant wrath con stitute a serious defect or deformity in character. But righteous anger is an in evitable ingredient of a truly noble life. It is impossible to write the record of the One Perfect Life without in cluding in the narrative of the "Gentle Jesus Meek and Mild,” the scenes when the blast of His scorn was so hot that it frightened and scorched those upon whom it fell. The Man of Galilee is both tender and terrible. But, as we behold The Man it is made perfectly plain that explosive wrath Is an ignoble llglg tables were loaded with prod ucts of his genius. (These in cluded) a war device, a sugar helmet, supported by figures and with waving plumes of spun sugar; a temple sur mounted by the Goddess of Liberty; Chinese payodas, Roman temples, cornucopias, fountains with spray of spun sugar; the Amer ican frigate ‘Union,’ with guns, sails, flags, smokestack and all, complete in sugar, and the whole supported by star and stripe draped cher ubs. Fort Pickens loomed up in sugar, surmounted, how ever, by something more eat able than guns, in the shape of deliciously prepared birds and similar ‘chicken fixin’s’. There were pates, topped by birds, and there were bee hives . . . loaded with Char lotte Russe instead of honey. There was a superb pate de foi gras inviting the respect ful attention of gourmands, and other delicacies and lux uries, in such profusion that the joint attack of the thou sand or more guests failed to deplete the array. Champagne and other costly wines and liquors flowed freely. The im mense Japanese punch bowl had been filled with a con coction of champagne, arrack and rum, in proportions to furnish a substantial founda tion. ... The Marine Band, in full force under Prof. Scala, performed in admirable style . . .’’ At a time when the Federal Government needed every dollar it could beg or borrow to finance the war, this sort of official belt loosening behavior was not popular with people in gen eral. It appeared that the Union forces in action were acting pretty much on their own, getting small help or guidance from their Com mander-in-Chief. But the Navy at Fort Henry got along without aid from Washington. alii Al j r!l fir I Iml thing if it is set off simply by some interference with our personal comforts, plans, or rights. Christ was utterly unruffled no matter what men did to Him. Even when reviled He reviled not again. It was only when others were concerned, and when arrogant selfish strength set out to strangle or exploit weakness, that the hot flame of His anger leaped up. What a conflagration of wrath lights up the sky of the centuries in a sentence like this - “Whoso shall cause one of these little ones to stumble, it were better for him that a great millstone should be hanged about his neck and that he should be sunk in the depth of the sea.” There is no namby pamby suggestion there that perhaps if we knew all, and put a psychiatrist on the stand, there might be found something in the offender’s background to explain his crime. When our ruling passion is a great cause which is high as the heavens above our personal interests we are sure to develop some colossal hates. It is said that Lord Macaulay came to have a terrific anger against dande lions after he took up gardening, and realized what weeds did to his flowers. His hatred for one grew out of his love for the other. The acid test is, what makes you angry? There are those who will go off into a spasm of wrath over a collar button which rolls under the bed, but who remain calm as the summer dawn at the slavery and slaughter of innocents. The only hope that the pol luted stream of modern life may be cleansed is an epi demic of anger that will sweep the world and show up neutralism for what it is. Supine indifference to wrong doing is always a sign of moral deterioration. Criminals become brazen, wrong-doers strut insolently, rascals take possession of high places un til good, aflame with in dignation, arises and sweeps them from the seats of power. Wanted: Millions of Ameri cans whose anger flames against villainy wherever en trenched ! Wanted everywhere: A large capacity for moral indigna tion! To be saved from weak resignation to the blatant and rampant evils we de plore. we need to offer daily as a fervent prayer, a peti tion first framed by none other than William Shake speare—" Touch me with no ble anger.” 50 Years Ago The mast of the battle ship Maine, recovered from its watery grave in Havana harbor, was brought here 50 years ago for erection as a monument in Arlington Na tional Cemetery. The Star of February 10, 1912, reported the collier Leonidas had ar rived at the Navy Yard with the Maine's mast and "fight ing top,” which were lifted ashore by cranes, ready to be taken to Arlington. “In the hold of the Leonidas,” this paper said, “are an esti mated 300 tons of relics re covered from the Maine. They include buttons, belt buckles, arms, cups, mugs, and per sonal belongings of the crew. They are expected to be taken to Philadelphia, where they will be distributed among survivors of the men who once owned them providing identification is possible.’” Federal laws to protect America's migratory birds, some of which were being wiped out altogether, was the goal of the American Game Protective and Propagation Association 50 years ago. The Star of Febuary 1. 1912, re ported Congress was inter ested. Chairman McLean of the Senate Committee on Forest Reservations and Protection of Game prepared a bill which would make it "unlawful for any person to kill or capture any wild goose, wild swan, wild pelican, wild crane, wild duck, snipe, plover, woodcock or rail from January 10 to August 15 of each year.” Washington's chief of police, Major Richard Syl vester, complained 50 years ago that his department was being bypassed by progress. The fire department was being motorized, but the police department had a single automobile —a patrol wagon. The Star of February 1, 1912, said each of the 11 precincts should have at least one piece of motorized equipment, and that the chief rated a car and driver for "hurry calls.” On occasions, at big fires or other events demanding special police at tention. the major had had to "bum" a ride in a private automobile.